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Osteoprosis risk

P Gierer, T Mittlmeier
The incidence of femoral neck fractures increases exponentially with rising age. Young patients are rarely affected but when they are it is mostly due to high energy accidents, whereas older patients suffer from femoral neck fractures by low energy trauma due to osteoporotic changes of the bone mineral density. Treatment options have not essentially changed over the last few years. Non-operative treatment may be a choice in non-dislocated and impacted fractures. Due to the high risk of secondary fracture displacement prophylactic screw osteosynthesis is recommended even in Garden type I fractures...
March 2015: Der Unfallchirurg
Pasi Pulkkinen, Simo Saarakkala, Miika T Nieminen, Timo Jämsä
BACKGROUND: Assessment of osteoporotic fracture risk is based primarily on bone mineral density (BMD) measurements using dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). METHODS: However, recent evidence indicates that the method is insufficient for accurate individual risk assessment; in addition to methodological inaccuracies related to DXA, the mechanical strength of bone is influenced not only by low BMD but also by other factors that are not captured by DXA. RESULTS: DXA-based BMD can provide information on the amount of bone but does not elucidate bone structure, which is significant for bone mechanical strength and for fracture risk...
May 2013: European Radiology
Ivy M Alexander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2009: Nurse Practitioner
Emilia Lewczuk, Dariusz Białoszewski
Background. Thanks to modern methods of diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation, we currently possess the means to counteract the consequences of osteoprosis and limit the number of falls in osteoporotic patients. Material and methods. Based on an original questionnaire, we analyzed a group of 54 patients (48 women and 6 men) under treatment for osteoporosis in order to assess the level of physical activity and the reasons for its reduction in patients with osteoporosis, to determine the situations mostly endangered by falls, and to survey the opinion of patients regarding the need for a rehabilitation program to prevent falls...
August 31, 2006: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
Kazuhiro Aoki, Keiichi Ohya
The experimental model of ovariectomy (OVX) has been well used as a model for studying the pathogenesis of postmenopausal osteoporosis. It is known that the hematopoietic environment in the bone marrow is altered leading to the up-regulation of osteoclastogenesis after the estrogen withdrawal. We discuss the possibility whether this alternation of lymphocyte-lineage cells could trigger off a risk factor for the periodontal disease.
May 2003: Clinical Calcium
Amr A el-Husseini, Amgad E el-Agroudy, Ehab W Wafa, Tarek Mohsen, Mohamed A Sobh, Mohamed A Ghoneim
Successful kidney transplantation corrects many of the metabolic abnormalities associated with development of renal osteodystrophy, but despite a well-functioning graft, osteopenia, remains prevalent in adult and pediatric kidney recipients. The factors that affect the bone mineral density (BMD) and the long term course of BMD after transplantation in children is still unknown. We performed a cross sectional study to determine BMD in 83 recipients who received living renal allotransplants in Mansoura Urology & Nephrology Center between 1981 and 2002 (mean age at transplantation 13...
2004: International Urology and Nephrology
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