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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031694/a-formative-research-guided-educational-intervention-to-improve-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-seniors-towards-influenza-and-pneumococcal-vaccinations
#1
Hanley J Ho, Yin Ying Chan, Muhamad Alif Bin Ibrahim, Anurupa A Wagle, Christina M Wong, Angela Chow
BACKGROUND: Adult influenza and pneumococcal vaccination rates in Singapore are low, and factors influencing knowledge and attitudes of seniors towards influenza, pneumonia and their respective vaccines are not well-known. Our study aims to understand the barriers and facilitators towards getting influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations among seniors in Singapore, and subsequently inform the conduct of a relevant community-based educational intervention, as well as evaluate the intervention outcomes...
October 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989849/can-posterior-lumbar-instrumentation-and-fusion-be-overpowered-by-anterior-lumbar-fusion-with-hyperlordotic-cages-a-cadaveric-study
#2
Nathan Wigner, Abhijeet Kadam, Philip Saville, Vincent Arlet
STUDY DESIGN: Technical report on cadavers. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate preliminary feasibility and safety of lumbar sagittal alignment correction with anterior hyperlordotic cages used to overpower previous posterior spinal instrumentation. METHODS: Hyperlordotic 30° anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) cages were inserted in collapsed L5-S1 disc space of 2 cadavers to overpower prior posterior L5-S1 pedicle screws and rod constructs. A distinct technique of opening up the disc space and creation of intersegmental lordosis was employed using a large endplate distractor and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) paddle distractor...
October 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987526/anterior-lumbar-sagittal-alignment-after-anterior-or-lateral-interbody-fusion
#3
M Afathi, F Zairi, P Devos, M Allaoui, P Marinho, D Chopin, R Assaker
PURPOSE: Anterior or lateral interbody fusion is a treatment option for lumbar disc disease. A segmental change occurs after such surgery. This study was designed to evaluate the changes in the lumbar regional alignment after a single or two-level standalone anterior or lateral interbody fusion (ALIF or LLIF). METHODS: Data from patients referred to our institution between March 2013 and November 2015 for standalone ALIF or LLIF for low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis or degenerative discopathy were retrospectively included in our analysis...
October 4, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985115/a-new-home-for-a-vital-conversation-introducing-the-alife-societal-impact-section-and-going-back-to-bio-inspiration-for-the-internet-editorial
#4
Alexandra Penn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Artificial Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973290/spinal-fusion-for-pediatric-spondylolisthesis-national-trends-complications-and-short-term-outcomes
#5
Kavelin Rumalla, Chester K Yarbrough, Andrew J Pugely, Ian G Dorward
BACKGROUND: Current surgical management guidelines for pediatric spondylolisthesis (PS) are reliant on data from single-center cohorts. OBJECTIVE: To analyze national trends and predictors of short-term outcomes in spinal fusion surgery for PS by performing a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID). METHODS: The KID (sampled every 3 yr) was queried from 2003 to 2012 to identify all cases (age 5-17) of spinal fusion for PS (n = 2646)...
July 7, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960160/overpowering-posterior-lumbar-instrumentation-and-fusion-with-hyperlordotic-anterior-lumbar-interbody-cages-followed-by-posterior-revision-a-preliminary-feasibility-study
#6
Abhijeet Kadam, Nathan Wigner, Philip Saville, Vincent Arlet
OBJECTIVE The authors' aim in this study was to evaluate whether sagittal plane correction can be obtained from the front by overpowering previous posterior instrumentation and/or fusion with hyperlordotic anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) cages in patients undergoing revision surgery for degenerative spinal conditions and/or spinal deformities. METHODS The authors report their experience with the application of hyperlordotic cages at 36 lumbar levels for ALIFs in a series of 20 patients who underwent revision spinal surgery at a single institution...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894689/is-stand-alone-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-safe-and-efficacious-treatment-for-isthmic-spondylolisthesis-of-l5-s1
#7
REVIEW
Luke L Viglione, Uphar Chamoli, Ashish D Diwan
STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion (sa-ALIF) for the treatment of symptomatic isthmic spondylolisthesis of L5-S1 by assessing the level of available clinical and radiographic evidence. METHODS: A systematic review utilizing Medline, Embase, and Scopus online databases was undertaken. Clinical, radiographic, and adverse outcome data were extracted for the relevant isthmic spondylolisthesis cases with the intention of undertaking a meta-analysis...
September 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841904/a-comparison-of-radiographic-and-clinical-outcomes-of-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-performed-with-either-a-cellular-bone-allograft-containing-multipotent-adult-progenitor-cells-or-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2
#8
Daniel Dongwhan Lee, John Yongmin Kim
BACKGROUND: Both the map3 Cellular Allogeneic Bone Graft® and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2, Infuse®) were developed to provide an alternative to iliac crest autograft, thus eliminating the morbidity associated with its harvest. The recent literature concerning adverse events associated with the use of rhBMP-2, however, highlights the need for a safe and effective alternative. The multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPC) found in map3 allograft may provide this alternative...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811990/clinical-outcomes-of-total-disc-replacement-versus-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-surgical-treatment-of-lumbar-degenerative-disc-disease
#9
Tobias A Mattei, Jennifer Beer, Alisson R Teles, Azeem A Rehman, Jean Aldag, Dzung Dinh
STUDY DESIGN: The authors performed a retrospective controlled study of patients diagnosed with lumbar degenerative disc disease who received surgical intervention (either total disc replacement [TDR]/Activ-L or anterior lumbar interbody fusion [ALIF]) at a single tertiary-care hospital from 2007-2010. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical outcomes after TDR in comparison with ALIF for surgical treatment of lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD). METHODS: Analyzed data included intra-operative blood loss, time to return to work, and clinical outcomes as evaluated through the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain questionnaires pre-operatively and at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year postoperative follow-up...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803172/influence-of-obesity-on-complications-clinical-outcome-and-subsidence-following-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-alif-prospective-observational-study
#10
Kevin Phan, Priya Rogers, Prashanth J Rao, Ralph J Mobbs
BACKGROUND: The complications associated with obesity have been well described for posterior lumbar spinal surgery. However, the influence of obesity on anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is not well established. We aimed to compare complication risks, functional outcomes and subsidence rates in normal, overweight and obese patients who underwent ALIF. METHODS: 137 consecutive patients undergoing ALIF surgery from 2012-2014 were prospectively followed. Patients were categorized into 3 groups according to their body mass index (BMI)...
August 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782791/occupational-exposures-to-solvents-and-metals-are-associated-with-fixed-airflow-obstruction
#11
Sheikh M Alif, Shyamali C Dharmage, Geza Benke, Martine Dennekamp, Jennifer L Burgess, Caroline J Lodge, Stephen Morrison, David P Johns, Graham G Giles, Lyle C Gurrin, Paul S Thomas, John L Hopper, Richard Wood-Baker, Bruce R Thompson, Iain H Feather, Roel Vermeulen, Hans Kromhout, E Haydn Walters, Michael J Abramson, Melanie C Matheson
Objectives This study investigated the associations between occupational exposures to solvents and metals and fixed airflow obstruction (AO) using post-bronchodilator spirometry. Methods We included 1335 participants from the 2002-2008 follow-up of the Tasmanian Longitudinal Health Study. Ever-exposure and cumulative exposure-unit (EU) years were calculated using the ALOHA plus job exposure matrix (JEM). Fixed AO was defined as post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) <0...
August 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770402/kinematic-efficacy-of-supplemental-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-at-lumbosacral-levels-in-thoracolumbosacral-deformity-correction-with-and-without-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy-at-l3-an-in-vitro-cadaveric-study
#12
Benny T Dahl, Jonathan A Harris, Manasa Gudipally, Mark Moldavsky, Saif Khalil, Brandon S Bucklen
PURPOSE: Pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) is performed to treat rigid, sagittal spinal deformities, but high rates of implant failure are reported. Anterior lumbar interbody fusion has been proposed to reduce this risk, but biomechanical investigation is lacking. The goal of this study was to quantify the (1) destabilizing effects of a lumbar osteotomy and (2) contribution of anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) at the lumbosacral junction as recommended in literature. METHODS: Fourteen fresh human thoracolumbosacral spines (T12-S1) were tested in flexion-extension (FE), lateral bending (LB), and axial rotation (AR)...
August 2, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765063/indirect-decompression-and-reduction-of-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-does-not-result-in-higher-rates-of-immediate-and-long-term-complications
#13
Jacob Januszewski, Joshua M Beckman, Konrad Bach, Andrew C Vivas, Juan S Uribe
Nerve root decompression and spondylolisthesis reduction is typically reserved for open surgery. MIS techniques have been thought to be associated with higher rates of neurological complications. This study aims to report acute and chronic neurologic complications encountered with MIS surgery for spondylolisthesis, specifically, the incidence of nerve root injury and clinical and radiographic outcomes. A retrospective review of 269 patients who underwent MIS LIF or ALIF treatment for lumbar degenerative or isthmic grade 1 or 2 spondylolisthesis was conducted...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739516/endopelvic-approach-for-iliac-crest-bone-harvesting
#14
Sebastien Le Pape, Remi Gauthe, Laure Du Pouget, Olivier Gille, Jean-Marc Vital, Mourad Ould-Slimane
BACKGROUND: The anterior approach to lumbar spine surgery has grown in popularity in the past few years; spinal fusion of the last 2 lumbar levels is often required. Although alternatives to bone grafting are available, including recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 or bone substitutes, only cancellous autologous bone has all the required factors for bone growth. To avoid the use of bone substitutes, remote iliac crest bone harvesting remains the gold standard. However, this technique may lead to some unfavorable outcomes...
October 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735127/the-fate-of-patients-with-adult-spinal-deformity-incurring-rod-fracture-after-thoracolumbar-fusion
#15
D Kojo Hamilton, John A Buza, Peter Passias, Cyrus Jalai, Han Jo Kim, Tamir Ailon, Munish Gupta, Daniel Sciubba, Amit Jain, Christopher P Ames, Vedat Deviren, Alan Daniels, Virginie Lafage, Shay Bess, Eric Klineberg, Christopher I Shaffrey, Justin S Smith, Robert Hart
OBJECTIVE: To report the outcome of adult spinal deformity (ASD) in patients with rod fracture (RF) after thoracolumbar fusion. METHODS: Retrospective review of prospective, multicenter database. Operative patients with ASD ≥18 years old with RF after ASD surgery and with a minimum 6-month follow-up after RF were included. Health-related quality of life scores and radiographic alignment were compared with nonparametric paired and independent testing (P < 0...
October 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723873/total-disc-arthroplasty-and-anterior-interbody-fusion-in-the-lumbar-spine-have-relatively-few-differences-in-readmission-and-short-term-adverse-events
#16
Blake N Shultz, Alexander T Wilson, Nathaniel T Ondeck, Patawut Bovonratwet, Ryan P McLynn, Jonathan J Cui, Jonathan N Grauer
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective matched cohort study of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: To compare rates of adverse events and readmission between lumbar total disc arthroplasty (TDA) and anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: TDA and ALIF may be considered for similar degenerative indications. However, there have been few large-cohort comparison studies of short-term clinical outcomes for these procedures...
July 18, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687678/occupational-exposure-to-pesticides-are-associated-with-fixed-airflow-obstruction-in-middle-age
#17
Sheikh M Alif, Shyamali C Dharmage, Geza Benke, Martine Dennekamp, John A Burgess, Jennifer L Perret, Caroline J Lodge, Stephen Morrison, David Peter Johns, Graham G Giles, Lyle C Gurrin, Paul S Thomas, John Llewelyn Hopper, Richard Wood-Baker, Bruce R Thompson, Iain H Feather, Roel Vermeulen, Hans Kromhout, E Haydn Walters, Michael J Abramson, Melanie Claire Matheson
RATIONALE: Population-based studies have found evidence of a relationship between occupational exposures and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), but these studies are limited by the use of prebronchodilator spirometry. Establishing this link using postbronchodilator is critical, because occupational exposures are a modifiable risk factor for COPD. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between occupational exposures and fixed airflow obstruction using postbronchodilator spirometry...
July 7, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676316/a-meta-analysis-comparing-alif-plif-tlif-and-llif
#18
REVIEW
Ian Teng, Julian Han, Kevin Phan, Ralph Mobbs
INTRODUCTION: Lumbar interbody fusions have been widely used to treat degenerative lumbar disease that fails to respond to conservative treatment. This procedure is divided according to its approach: anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF), transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF). Each approach has its own theoretical advantages and disadvantages; however, there have been no studies that compared these...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643127/preoperative-evaluation-of-left-common-iliac-vein-in-oblique-lateral-interbody-fusion-at-l5-s1
#19
Nam-Su Chung, Chang-Hoon Jeon, Han-Dong Lee, Heon-Ju Kweon
PURPOSE: Oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) L5-S1 is essentially to perform an anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) in the lateral position. Because the surgical procedures are performed "obliquely" over the left common iliac vein (LCIV), ensuring that the vein is protected which is particularly important. We aimed to evaluate the configuration of LCIV and its risk of mobilization during anterior approach at L5-S1 segment. METHODS: This study involved 65 consecutive patients who underwent anterior lumbar fusion (ALIF, n = 39; OLIF, n = 26) at the L5-S1 segment...
June 22, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622187/radiographic-and-clinical-outcomes-of-anterior-and-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#20
Remi M Ajiboye, Haddy Alas, Gina M Mosich, Akshay Sharma, Sina Pourtaheri
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: Compare the radiographic and clinical outcomes of anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) to transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ALIF and TLIF are 2 methods of achieving spinal arthrodesis. There are conflicting reports with no consensus on the optimal interbody technique to achieve successful radiographic and clinical outcomes. The goal of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the radiographic and clinical outcomes of ALIF to TLIF...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
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