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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738952/changing-patterns-in-the-prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-major-depressive-episode-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-over-24-months-following-a-road-traffic-crash-results-from-the-uq-support-study
#1
Justin Kenardy, Shannon L Edmed, Swati Shourie, Jacelle Warren, Anna Crothers, Erin A Brown, Cate M Cameron, Michelle Heron-Delaney
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and changing patterns of PTSD, major depressive episode (MDE), and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in adult claimants who sustained a non-catastrophic injury in a road traffic crash (RTC) in Queensland, Australia. METHOD: Participants (N = 284) were assessed at approximately 6, 12, and 24 months post-RTC using the composite international diagnostic interview (CIDI) modules for PTSD, and CIDI-short form for MDE, and GAD...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687416/mrecist-criteria-to-assess-recurrent-thyroid-carcinoma-treatment-response-after-radiofrequency-ablation-a-prospective-study
#2
S Mazzeo, R Cervelli, R Elisei, G Tarantini, C Cappelli, E Molinaro, D Galleri, L De Napoli, C Comite, R Cioni, P Vitti, D Caramella
PURPOSE: Surgical removal is recommended for recurrent thyroid carcinomas (RTCs) unable to uptake radioiodine and/or not responsive to chemotherapy. However, repeated neck dissection is difficult for surgeons. Thus, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) was proposed for RTCs. The aim of this prospective study is to assess RTC treatment response after RFA, according to well-established criteria. METHODS: Sixteen lesions in 13 patients were treated by RFA. All patients refused/were excluded from repeated surgery or other conventional therapy...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659312/anatomical-distribution-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-following-a-road-traffic-collision-in-litigants-presenting-to-physiotherapists-within-a-private-clinic-in-north-east-england
#3
Jennifer Sewell, Cheryl Dixon, Rosie Morris, Samuel Stuart
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are common following a road traffic collision (RTC) in England. Establishing the anatomical distribution of MSDs following RTC that present to physiotherapists may improve understanding and clinical practice. This study examined anatomical distribution of MSDs that present to physiotherapists within a litigant population following a RTC in England. METHODS: A retrospective review of physiotherapy records was conducted at a private practice in North-East England...
April 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623379/do-perturbation-evoked-responses-result-in-higher-reaction-time-costs-depending-on-the-direction-and-magnitude-of-perturbation
#4
Keaton A Inkol, Andrew H Huntley, Lori Ann Vallis
To date, little work has focused on whether cognitive-task interference during postural response execution is influenced by the direction and/or magnitude of the perturbation applied. Hypothetically, the increased difficulty associated with a backward loss of balance could necessitate increased allocation of cognitive resources to counteract destabilizing forces. The current study investigated these relationships using a paradigm in which individuals performed a cognitive task (auditory Stroop task during quiet stance; baseline condition)...
April 5, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538300/active-return-to-center-control-based-on-torque-and-angle-sensors-for-electric-power-steering-systems
#5
Pan-Pan Du, Hao Su, Gong-You Tang
This paper presents a complete control strategy of the active return-to-center (RTC) control for electric power steering (EPS) systems. We first establish the mathematical model of the EPS system and analyze the source and influence of the self-aligning torque (SAT). Second, based on the feedback signals of steering column torque and steering wheel angle, we give the trigger conditions of a state switch between the steering assist state and the RTC state. In order to avoid the sudden change of the output torque for the driving motor when the state switches frequently between the steering assist state and the RTC state, we design an undisturbed state switching logic algorithm...
March 14, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501285/impact-and-safety-of-open-lung-biopsy-in-patients-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-ards
#6
G Ortiz, M Garay, D Mendoza, P Cardinal-Fernández
INTRODUCTION: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is an inflammatory lung disorder, and its pathological hallmark is diffuse alveolar damage (DAD). Given that open lung biopsy (OLB) can sometimes result in severe side effects, it is rarely performed in patients with ARDS. AIM: The aims of this study were to describe: (a) the rate of treatment change associated with the histological result; and (b) the incidence of side effects induced by OLB. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: A retrospective, single-center, descriptive observational study was carried out in Hospital Santa Clara (Bogotá, Colombia) from February 2007 to January 2014...
February 28, 2018: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475464/optical-coherence-tomography-findings-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Turkoglu Sule Aydin, Dogan Umit, Ogun Muhammed Nur, Ulas Fatih, Keles Asena, Ozturk Yavas Nefise, Yildiz Serpil
The aim of this study is to compare optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings of retinal thickness (RT) and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) patients to those of healthy subjects, and to investigate whether there is any relationship between the severity of the disease and the RNFLT values. This prospective study was included 25 IPD patients and 29 healthy controls. In the IPD group, the Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y), Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), and Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) were performed...
March 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456586/dietary-canolol-protects-the-heart-against-the-deleterious-effects-induced-by-the-association-of-rapeseed-oil-vitamin-e-and-coenzyme-q10-in-the-context-of-a-high-fat-diet
#8
Thibault Leger, Isabelle Hininger-Favier, Frédéric Capel, Alain Geloen, Jean-Paul Rigaudière, Chrystèle Jouve, Elodie Pitois, Gaelle Pineau, Carole Vaysse, Jean-Michel Chardigny, Marie-Caroline Michalski, Corinne Malpuech-Brugère, Luc Demaison
Background: Obesity progressively leads to cardiac failure. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have been shown to have cardio-protective effects in numerous pathological situations. It is not known whether rapeseed oil, which contains α-linolenic acid (ALA), has a similar protective effect. Omega-3 PUFAs are sensitive to attack by reactive oxygen species (ROS), and lipid peroxidation products could damage cardiac cells. We thus tested whether dietary refined rapeseed oil (RSO) associated with or without different antioxidants (vitamin E, coenzyme Q10 and canolol) is cardio-protective in a situation of abdominal obesity...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456276/effects-of-natural-antimicrobials-with-modified-atmosphere-packaging-on-the-growth-kinetics-of-listeria-monocytogenes-in-ravioli-at-various-temperatures
#9
Eun Young Ro, Geun Su Kim, Do Young Kwon, Young Min Park, Sang Woo Cho, Sang Yun Lee, Ik Hyun Yeo, Ki Sun Yoon
The objective of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial effects of cultured sugar/vinegar (CSV) blend and nisin to control the risk of Listeria monocytogenes in ready to cook (RTC) ravioli. Ravioli dough was prepared with 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 1% CSV blend and 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3% nisin. Inoculated spinach or artichoke raviolis with 2.0 ± 0.5 log cfu/g of L. monocytogenes were packed aerobically or using modified atmosphere packaging (MAP), and then stored at 4, 10, 17, and 24 °C for 60 days. Growth kinetic parameters of the observed data fit well to the Baranyi equation...
February 2018: Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450701/burden-characteristics-and-process-of-care-among-the-pediatric-and-adult-trauma-patients-in-botswana-s-main-hospitals
#10
Michael B Mwandri, Timothy C Hardcastle
BACKGROUND: Botswana is notable among countries with high rates of Road Traffic Collisions (RTC); like many other lower-middle-income countries (LMICs), it lacks trauma systems. The World Health Organization recommends 'Essential Trauma Care' in countries with no formal trauma systems. The proportion of injuries in Emergency Departments and the care process were investigated to gain an overview for enabling the design of a relevant LMICs trauma system. METHOD: Blunt and penetrating trauma patients were included from three major hospitals, examining the proportion of injuries, patient characteristics, the care process and comparing these between pediatrics and adults...
February 15, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433441/ambulance-use-is-not-associated-with-patient-acuity-after-road-traffic-collisions-a-cross-sectional-study-from-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#11
Yonas Abebe, Tolesa Dida, Engida Yisma, David M Silvestri
BACKGROUND: Africa accounts for one sixth of global road traffic deaths-most in the pre-hospital setting. Ambulance transport is expensive relative to other modes of pre-hospital transport, but has advantages in time-sensitive, high-acuity scenarios. Many countries, including Ethiopia, are expanding ambulance fleets, but clinical characteristics of patients using ambulances remain ill-defined. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 662 road traffic collisions (RTC) patients arriving to a single trauma referral center in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, over 7 months...
February 13, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431033/hotspots-of-road-traffic-crashes-in-a-redeveloping-area-of-shanghai
#12
Xiuqin Chen, Limei Huang, Dajun Dai, Meiying Zhu, Kezhi Jin
To identify high-risk locations (hotspots) of road traffic crashes (RTC) in a redeveloping area of Shanghai, for formulating relevant countermeasures in similar areas. After geocoding the crash locations on electronic map, assessment of spatial clustering of accidents and hotspots spatial densities was conducted following Moran's I method, the kernel density estimation, the Ripley's K-function and the network-based kernel density estimation (NKDE). A total of 21,679 RTC incidents resulting in 24,147 victims were recorded from 2010 to 2012...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402428/period-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-road-traffic-crashes-among-young-adults-in-kuwait
#13
Eisa Aldhafeeri, Farah Alshammari, Hana Jafar, Haya Malhas, Marina Botras, Noor Alnasrallah, Saeed Akhtar
OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional study assessed one-year period prevalence of road traffic crashes (RTCs) and examined the factors associated with RTCs among young adults in Kuwait. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: During December 2016, 1500 students enrolled in 15 colleges of Kuwait University were invited to participate in the study. Students 18 years old or older and who drive by themselves were eligible. Data were collected using a structured self-administered questionnaire...
February 2, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376513/evaluating-the-impact-of-an-injury-prevention-measure-regarding-different-sociodemographic-factors
#14
Thomas Brockamp, Paola Koenen, Manuel Mutschler, Michael Köhler, Bertil Bouillon, Uli Schmucker, Michael Caspers, Working Group Injury Prevention Of The German Trauma Society
BACKGROUND: Road traffic collisions (RTC) remain a major problem especially among young road users. Injury prevention measures and licensing systems have increasingly been developed to counteract some of the negative effects of RTCs in youth. The Prevent Alcohol and Risk Related Trauma in Youth (P.A.R.T.Y.) program is an injury prevention program that promotes prevention through reality education. In this study, the impact of the program on different sociodemographic subgroups of school students was analyzed...
January 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371728/spatial-distribution-of-road-traffic-crash-fatalities-in-karachi-perspective-from-2008-2012
#15
Rashid Jooma, Mir Shabbar Ali, Masood Ali Shaikh
Road Traffic Crash (RTC) mortality and morbidity is one of the major public health problems in Karachi. In this study we used geographic information systems (GIS) to visualize and quantify the spatial distribution of RTC mortality and yearly trend from 2008 to 2012, for all 24 administrative subdivisions of Karachi, using Road Traffic Injury Research and Prevention Center's (RTIRPC) data. Cumulatively, 6040 deaths were recorded by RTIRPC, out of which we were able to map 4657 (77.1%) deaths based on location information available in the database...
January 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362860/regional-histologic-differences-in-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-tendon-following-subpectoral-biceps-tenodesis-in-patients-with-rotator-cuff-tears-and-slap-lesions
#16
Sergio A Glait, Siddharth Mahure, Cynthia A Loomis, Michael Cammer, Hien Pham, Andrew Feldman, Laith M Jazrawi, Eric J Strauss
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to quantify the regional histology of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) and compare the histopathology present to clinical findings in patients with rotator cuff tears and SLAP lesions. METHODS: Prospectively enrolled patients undergoing an open subpectoral LHBT tenodesis in the setting of a rotator cuff (RTC) tear or SLAP lesion. Perioperative data were collected and the excised LHBT was analyzed by a fellowship trained pathologist...
January 23, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315008/clostridium-perfringens-contamination-in-retail-meat-and-meat-based-products-in-bursa-turkey
#17
Artun Yibar, Ece Cetin, Zafer Ata, Evren Erkose, Mustafa Tayar
This study examined the incidence of Clostridium perfringens in raw, ready-to-cook (RTC), and ready-to-eat (RTE) meat and meat-based products (N = 306) collected from restaurants, supermarkets, and butcher shops in Bursa, Turkey. In addition, we investigated the presence of the C. perfringens enterotoxin (CPE), as well as cpe genes and their source (chromosomal or plasmid borne). In this study, tryptose sulfite cycloserine (TSC) agar for classic culture isolation and API and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) techniques were used to identify C...
January 9, 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295017/client-violence-against-youth-care-workers-findings-of-an-exploratory-study-of-workforce-issues-in-residential-treatment
#18
Yvonne Smith, Lex Colletta, Anna E Bender
Residential treatment centers (RTCs) for youth are plagued by high turnover of youth care workers who provide round-the-clock treatment and supervision to youth with severe affective and behavioral problems. This article presents findings from a 15-month ethnographic study of workforce issues in one RTC related to youth care workers' exposure to client violence (CV). Findings are based on 65 semistructured interviews and 490 hours of participant observation with consenting employees. Participants reported CV incidents, including punching, kicking, biting, hair pulling, choking, threats or assaults with a weapon, and other physical and sexualized violence...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284186/repeatability-of-gait-analysis-measurements-in-thoroughbreds-in-training
#19
M F Sepulveda Caviedes, B S Forbes, T Pfau
BACKGROUND: With the view of implementing gait symmetry measurements in Thoroughbreds in training for early detection of injuries, repeatability of inertial measurement unit (IMU) gait parameters needs to be established. OBJECTIVES: To assess the variation of head and pelvis movement symmetry in Thoroughbreds in training. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated observations in horses in race training. METHODS: Daily and weekly repeat gait assessments were conducted in 14 Thoroughbreds equipped with IMUs on poll, sacrum and right (RTC) and left (LTC) tuber coxae...
December 28, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211888/combined-oral-contraception-and-bicalutamide-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-severe-hirsutism-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Costanzo Moretti, Laura Guccione, Paola Di Giacinto, Ilaria Simonelli, Caterina Exacoustos, Vincenzo Toscano, Cecilia Motta, Vincenzo De Leo, Felice Petraglia, Andrea Lenzi
Context: Hirsutism often occurs in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The efficacy of oral contraceptive pill (OCP) plus antiandrogens in the treatment of its severe expression is controversial due to the lack of randomized, double-blind, long-term studies. Objective: The primary outcome was the reduction of hirsutism in PCOS women objectively measured by videodermoscopy on the androgen-sensitive skin areas assessed by the modified Ferriman and Gallwey (mF&G) total score, after 12 months of therapy with OCP + bicalutamide (BC) vs OCP plus placebo (P)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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