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'The association of hypotension with the insertion of an abdominal retractor during lower abdominal surgery in pediatric patients: a retrospective observational study' by Rika Nakayama, Takahiro Mihara, Yoshihisa Miyamoto & Koui Ka.1 The above article from Pediatric Anesthesia, published online on July 7, 2015 in Wiley Online Library ( has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the Journal Editor in Chief, Andrew Davidson, and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The retraction has been agreed following a review of the study data by the authors, which found that cases not satisfying the inclusion criteria were included and that there were data collection errors with respect to the patients' ages and sexes...
February 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Raza H Zaidi, Nina F Casanova, Bishr Haydar, Terri Voepel-Lewis, Julian H Wan
BACKGROUND: Urethrocutaneous fistula is a well-known complication of hypospadias surgery. A recent prospective study by Kundra et al. (Pediatr Anesth 2012) has suggested that caudal anesthesia may increase the risk of fistula formation. We sought to evaluate this possible association and determine if any other novel factors may be associated with fistula formation. METHODS: Children who underwent primary hypospadias repair between January 1, 1994 and March 31, 2013 at our tertiary care center were included in this study...
November 2015: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Thanaporn Jitpakdee, Sahatsa Mandee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Opioid is the gold standard for treating moderate-to-severe pain in pediatric patients. However, its undesirable side effects lead to unsatisfied postoperative pain management outcome (Pediatr Anesth, 17, 2007, 756). The most commonly reported opioid-related side effects are vomiting (40%), pruritus (20-60%) (Anesthesiology, 77, 1992, 162; Drugs, 67, 2007, 2323), and constipation (15-90%) (Int J Clin Pract, 61, 2007, 1181). The potential life-threatening adverse event, respiratory depression, is less common (0...
June 2014: Paediatric Anaesthesia
A Fassoulaki, G Karabinis, A Paraskeva
The aim of the present study was to evaluate six anesthesia journals and academic criteria, required for the editors and reviewers, as perceived by European anesthesiologists submitted to a questionnaire. The six journals were: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica (AAS), Anesthesia and Analgesia (AN/AN), Anesthesiology (ANESTH), British Journal of Anaesthesia (BJA), Canadian Journal of Anesthesia (CJA) and European Journal of Anaesthesiology (EJA). Anesthesiologists were questioned on number of articles read per issue, preferred category of article and type of subject addressed, usefulness of supplemental issues as well as to score each journal for quality, format and color...
2010: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
Christian C Apfel, Kun Zhang, Elizabeth George, Serena Shi, Leena Jalota, Cyrill Hornuss, Katherine E Fero, Felix Heidrich, Joseph V Pergolizzi, Ozlem S Cakmakkaya, Peter Kranke
BACKGROUND: Transdermal scopolamine (TDS) is a potential long-acting prophylactic antiemetic initially developed to prevent motion sickness. TDS is a centrally acting anticholinergic agent that was approved in 2001 by the US Food and Drug Administration for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Although TDS has been reported to be clinically efficacious in the prevention of PONV, several adverse events (AEs), such as sedation, dry mouth, blurred vision, central cholinergic syndrome, and confusion (particularly in elderly patients with mild cognitive impairment), are potential concerns...
November 2010: Clinical Therapeutics
Bettina Smallman, Franklin Dexter
BACKGROUND: Research in predictive variability of operating room (OR) times has been performed using data from multidisciplinary, tertiary hospitals with mostly adult patients. In this article, we discuss case-duration prediction for children receiving general anesthesia for endoscopy. We critique which of the several types of OR management decisions dependent on accuracy of prediction are relevant to series (lists) of brief pediatric anesthetics. METHODS: OR information system data were obtained for all children (aged 18 years and younger) undergoing a gastroenterology procedure with an anesthesiologist over 21 months...
March 1, 2010: Anesthesia and Analgesia
J Textoris, J Davidson, C Martin, M Leone
OBJECTIVE: This review discusses variability among patients in anesthesia, due to genetic polymorphisms. DATA SOURCES: Articles in French and English languages were retrieved from PubMed database. The initial request was "anesth* and (genotyp* or polymorphism* or genetic*)". STUDY SELECTION: Original articles, general reviews and one case report. Letters were excluded. DATA EXTRACTION: Rare genetic diseases were excluded from the scope of this review...
June 2009: Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie et de Rèanimation
Nancy E Epstein
BACKGROUND: "Bloodless spinal surgery" predominantly refers to NH, a procedure that minimizes blood transfusion requirements. By limiting or eliminating allogeneic transfusions, NH reduces the risk of transmitting HIV or hepatitis, and the need for predonating autologous blood with the risks of blood bank contamination, misidentification, or the removal of coagulation factors (fresh frozen plasma, platelets). METHODS: The NH technique technically requires the controlled removal of a volume of whole blood at the beginning of surgery...
December 2008: Surgical Neurology
M F Mulroy, K L Larkin, A Siddiqui
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fentanyl is used as an additive to prolong intrathecal anesthesia with both lidocaine and low-dose bupivacaine in the outpatient setting to minimize voiding or discharge delays. Pruritus is the most common side effect. When using procaine as a substitute for lidocaine, we perceived an increased frequency and severity of pruritus. We compared prospectively the frequency and severity of itching with combinations of fentanyl with lidocaine, bupivacaine, and procaine...
May 2001: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
A Figueira, B Acea, B Fernández, M Diéguez, P Rama, M Fraga, P Pose
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the number of articles by Spanish authors in three international anesthesiology journals and assess the impact of Spanish anesthesiology literature during the same period by way of citations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Articles published in Anesthesiology, British Journal of Anesthesiology (BJA) and Anesthesia & Analgesia (Anesth Analg) during 1997 were reviewed. We collected the following data: type of document, country of origin of the authors, total number of references, number of citations of Spanish articles and the journals from which they were cited...
November 1999: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
S A Lord, W C Boswell, J S Williams, J W Odom, C R Boyd
INTRODUCTION: Proper airway control in trauma patients who have sustained cervical spine fracture remains controversial. PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to survey the preferred methods of airway management in cervical spine fracture (CSF) patients, to evaluate the experience of handling such patients at a level-I trauma center, and to contrast the findings with recommendations of the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma. HYPOTHESIS: The methods used for control of the airway in patients with fractures of their cervical spine support the recommendation of the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Committee on Trauma...
January 1994: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
P Murray-Calderon, M A Connolly
The incidence of laryngospasm in the PACU after extubation remains low despite the number of extubations that are performed annually. A study of general anesthesia patients conducted by Olsson and Hallen in 1977 & reported by Holmes et al (Am J Sports Med 19:365-371, 1991) showed the incidence of laryngospasm to be 8.7/1,000 patients. A literature review since 1977 presents a clinical picture of an emergent situation that may be anticipated by nursing staff (Hamlin et al: J Post Anesth Nurs 6:43-49, 1991). Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema (NCPE), also called negative-pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) (De Franco M: Crit Care Nurse 9:20-22, 1993), and postextubation laryngospasm induced pulmonary edema (LIPE), can be a serious complication of laryngospasm...
April 1997: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
L M Pinto Pereira, F A Orrett, M Balbirsingh
PURPOSE: This paper reviews the literature on the aetiology and therapy of bronchial hyperreactivity to describe the underlying pathophysiology, identify patients at risk and update knowledge on new and existing therapies. SOURCE: Information was obtained from monograms on New Drugs for Asthma, Respiratory Medicine: recent advances, Agents and Actions Supplements, Pulmonary Pharmacology, Anesth Analg, the European Journal of Respiration and a Medline literature search...
July 1996: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
R W Wahba, F Béïque, S J Kleiman
This review analyzes the literature dealing with cardiopulmonary function during and pulmonary function following laparoscopic cholecystectomy in order to describe the patterns of changes in these functions and the mechanisms involved as well as to identify areas of concern and lacunae in our knowledge. Information was obtained from a Medline literature search and the annual meeting supplements of Anesthesiology, Anesth Analg, Br J Anaesth, and Can J Anaesth. The principal findings were that changes in cardiovascular function due to the insufflation are characterized by an immediate decrease in cardiac index and an increase in mean arterial blood pressure and systemic vascular resistance...
January 1995: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
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