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Anesthesia spine surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911238/managing-overlapping-surgery-an-analysis-of-1018-neurosurgical-and-spine-cases
#1
Jian Guan, Andrea A Brock, Michael Karsy, William T Couldwell, Meic H Schmidt, John R W Kestle, Randy L Jensen, Andrew T Dailey, Richard H Schmidt
OBJECTIVE Overlapping surgery-the performance of parts of 2 or more surgical procedures at the same time by a single lead surgeon-has recently come under intense scrutiny, although data on the effects of overlapping procedures on patient outcomes are lacking. The authors examined the impact of overlapping surgery on complication rates in neurosurgical patients. METHODS The authors conducted a retrospective review of consecutive nonemergent neurosurgical procedures performed during the period from May 12, 2014, to May 12, 2015, by any of 5 senior neurosurgeons at a single institution who were authorized to schedule overlapping cases...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903338/-ultrasound-imaging-increases-first-attempt-success-rate-of-neuraxial-block-in-elderly-patients
#2
J Geng, X L Chen, X D Wang, X Y Guo, M Li
Objective: To verify whether preprocedural ultrasound of the lumbar spine could improve first-attempt success rate (defined as a successful neuraxial anesthesia with only one skin puncture) of neuraxial block in elderly patients. Methods: From septemble 2015 to February 2016, 200 elderly patients undergoing lower-limb surgery with neuraxial block at the Peking Universty Third Hospital were enrolled in this study.RandA 1.0 software was used to randomize patients into two groups: conventional surface landmark-guided group (group LM) and ultrasound-assisted group (group US)...
November 22, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871631/-benefit-of-general-anesthesia-monitored-by-bispectral-index-compared-with-monitoring-guided-only-by-clinical-parameters-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Carlos Rogério Degrandi Oliveira, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Victor Moisés Nunes
BACKGROUND: The bispectral index parameter is used to guide the titration of general anesthesia; however, many studies have shown conflicting results regarding the benefits of bispectral index monitoring. The objective of this systematic review with meta-analysis is to evaluate the clinical impact of monitoring with the bispectral index parameter. METHODS: The search for evidence in scientific information sources was conducted during December 2013 to January 2015, the following primary databases: Medline/PubMed, LILACS, Cochrane, CINAHL, Ovid, SCOPUS and TESES...
November 18, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870808/description-and-results-of-a-comprehensive-care-protocol-for-overnight-stay-spine-surgery-in-adults
#4
Drew A Bednar
STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To define the probability of successful morning-after discharge after adult spine surgery achieved with a standard care protocol as applied to patients with a large variety of common degenerative spine disorders. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Qualifying criteria for ambulatory or overnight-stay adult spine surgery are not well defined in either the spine or anesthesia literature. Most reports simply go to ASA risk classification or surgical technique alternatives and do not present a clearly defined patient care and case management protocol...
November 18, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863971/systemic-inaccuracies-in-the-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-database-implications-for-accuracy-and-validity-for-neurosurgery-outcomes-research
#5
John D Rolston, Seunggu J Han, Edward F Chang
The American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) provides a rich database of North American surgical procedures and their complications. Yet no external source has validated the accuracy of the information within this database. Using records from the 2006 to 2013 NSQIP database, we used two methods to identify errors: (1) mismatches between the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code that was used to identify the surgical procedure, and the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9) post-operative diagnosis: i...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857796/dwarf-with-dual-spinal-kyphotic-deformity-at-the-cervical-and-dorsal-spine-unassociated-with-odontoid-hypoplasia-surgical-management
#6
Guru Dutta Satyarthee, Dipanker Singh Mankotia
Morquio's syndrome is associated with systemic skeletal hypoplasia leading to generalized skeletal deformation. The hypoplasia of odontoid process is frequent association, which is responsible for atlantoaxial dislocation causing compressive myelopathy. However, development of sub-axial cervical kyphotic deformity unassociated with odontoid hypoplasia is extremely rare, and coexistence of dorsal kyphotic deformity is not reported in the western literature till date and represents first case. Current case is 16-year-old boy, who presented with severe kyphotic deformity of cervical spine with spastic quadriparesis...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828781/tracheal-extubation-of-patients-with-cervical-spine-injury-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#7
Aleksandra Nowicka, Narcis Ungureanu, Shyam Balasubramanian, Cyprian Mendonca
In patients with cervical spine injuries, emergence from anesthesia and tracheal extubation can prove as challenging to the anesthesiologist as the tracheal intubation. We report a case of a patient with a potentially unstable cervical spine injury who presented for a nonspinal surgery and experienced agitation on emergence from anesthesia. The use of an intravenous sedative was necessary to ensure cervical spine immobilization but was complicated by severe respiratory depression and the need for reintubation and admission to intensive care...
November 8, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785761/using-physiological-monitoring-data-for-performance-feedback-an-initiative-using-thermoregulation-metrics
#8
Matthias Görges, Nicholas C West, Simon D Whyte
BACKGROUND: Feedback of performance data can improve professional practice and outcomes. Vital signs are not routinely used for quality improvement because of their limited access. Intraoperative hypothermia has been associated with deleterious effects, including surgical site infections and bleeding. We speculated that providing feedback could help keep temperature monitoring and management a priority in the anesthesiologist's mind, thereby improving perioperative temperature management...
October 26, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778491/feasibility-of-robot-assisted-segmental-ureterectomy-and-ureteroureterostomy-in-patient-with-high-medical-comorbidity
#9
Ali Abdel Raheem, Atalla Alatawi, Dae Keun Kim, Abulhasan Sheikh, Koon Ho Rha
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Nephroureterectomy remains the gold standard treatment option for upper tract tumors. However, segmental ureterectomy may be another option in patients with single kidney, borderline renal function or high medical comorbidities. The aim of this video is to assess the feasibility of robotic surgery as a minimally invasive technique in treatment of a high comorbid patient with ureteric tumor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-year old male patient, with a medical history of chronic hypertensive and uncontrolled Diabetes Mellitus, was referred to our department for treatment of ureteric tumor...
October 20, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767680/postoperative-urinary-retention-in-patients-undergoing-elective-spinal-surgery
#10
David Altschul, Andrew Kobets, Jonathan Nakhla, Ajit Jada, Rani Nasser, Merritt D Kinon, Reza Yassari, John Houten
OBJECTIVE Postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is a common problem leading to morbidity and an increased hospital stay. There are limited data regarding its baseline incidence in patients undergoing spinal surgery and the risk factors with which it may be associated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of POUR in elective spine surgery patients and determine the factors associated with its occurrence. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of patients who had undergone elective spine surgery and had been prospectively monitored for POUR during an 18-month period...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753787/best-practices-for-outpatient-anterior-cervical-surgery-results-from-a-delphi-panel
#11
Anita Mohandas, Chris Summa, W Bradley Worthington, Jason Lerner, Kevin T Foley, Robert J Bohinski, Gregory B Lanford, Carol Holden, Richard N W Wohns
STUDY DESIGN: Delphi Panel expert panel consensus and narrative literature review OBJECTIVE.: To obtain expert consensus on best practices for patient selection and perioperative decision making for outpatient anterior cervical surgery (anterior cervical disc fusion (ACDF) and cervical total disc replacement (CTDR)). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spine surgery in ambulatory settings is becoming a preferred option for both patients and providers. The transition from traditional inpatient environments has been enabled by innovation in anesthesia protocols and surgical technique, as well as favorable economics...
October 6, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752032/starvation-ketoacidosis-as-a-cause-of-unexplained-metabolic-acidosis-in-the-perioperative-period
#12
Monique Mostert, Anthony Bonavia
BACKGROUND Besides providing anesthesia for surgery, the anesthesiologist's role is to optimize the patient for surgery and for post-surgical recovery. This involves timely identification and treatment of medical comorbidities and abnormal laboratory values that could complicate the patient's perioperative course. There are several potential causes of anion and non-anion gap metabolic acidosis in surgical patients, most of which could profoundly affect a patient's surgical outcome. Thus, the presence of an acute acid-base disturbance requires a thorough workup, the results of which will influence the patient's anesthetic management...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749350/spine-surgery-and-blood-loss-systematic-review-of-clinical-evidence
#13
Dafna Willner, Valeria Spennati, Shelly Stohl, Giulia Tosti, Simone Aloisio, Federico Bilotta
Spine surgery has been growing rapidly as a neurosurgical operation, with an increase of 220% over a 15-year period. Intraoperative blood transfusion is a major outcome determinant of spine procedures. Various approaches, including pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapies, have been tested to decrease both intraoperative and postoperative blood loss. The aim of this systematic review is to report clinical evidence on the relationship between intraoperative blood loss (primary outcome) and on transfusion requirements and postoperative complications (secondary outcomes) in patients undergoing spine surgery...
November 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687354/the-influence-of-patient-position-on-withdrawal-force-of-lumbar-epidural-catheters-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-trial
#14
Young Ri Kim, Ji Won Choi, Woo Seog Sim, Chul Joong Lee, Choohoon Chang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Elderly patients with degenerative knee disease may have accompanying degenerative spine conditions. There are no studies on lumbar epidural catheter withdrawal forces in these patients. The aim of this study was to investigate withdrawal forces and possible associated risk factors in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). DESIGN: Prospective randomized trial. SETTING: Operating room and ward in a university hospital...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683708/percutaneous-thoracolumbar-decompression-combined-with-percutaneous-pedicle-screw-fixation-and-fusion-a-method-for-treating-spinal-degenerative-pain-in-a-biplane-angiography-suite-with-the-avoidance-of-general-anesthesia
#15
Bohdan W Chopko
BACKGROUND: Spondylytic degeneration of the axial lumbar spine is a major cause of pain and disability. Recent advances in spinal surgical instrumentation, including percutaneous access and fusion techniques, have made possible the performance of instrumented fusion through small incisions. By blending strategies of interventional pain management, neuroradiology, and conventional spine surgery, it is now feasible to treat spinal axial pain using permanent fixation techniques and local anesthesia in the setting of a fluoroscopy suite using mild sedation and local anesthesia...
June 2016: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677041/posterior-intraductal-lombar-tumor%C3%A2-about-a-migration-disc
#16
Samia Frioui Mahmoudi, Emna Toulgui, Sonia Jemni, Khalil Ben Jeddou, Mariem Gaddour, Afif Zaoui, Faycel Khachnaoui
OBJECTIVE: To talk through our observation and a review of the literature about radiological features and diagnostic difficulties of this particular form of disk migration. OBSERVATIONS: We report the case of a 29 year-old patient who presented following the wearing of a heavy load bilateral acute lombosciatalgies associated with a deficit of both lower limbs and urinary incontinence. Clinical examination revealed a motor deficit of sural triceps and foot relievers estimated1 in bilateral, hypoesthesia of the anterolateral side of the two legs and the feet, low bone tendon reflexes were abolished, anesthesia in the saddle, hypotonic anal sphincter and bladder distension...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669049/long-term-outcome-of-surgical-treatment-for-superior-cluneal-nerve-entrapment-neuropathy
#17
Morimoto Daijiro, Isu Toyohiko, Kim Kyongsong, Chiba Yasuhiro, Iwamoto Naotaka, Isobe Masanori, Morita Akio
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to present the long-term surgical outcomes of operative treatment for superior cluneal nerve (SCN) entrapment neuropathy (SCNEN) and to analyze the causes of poor results and further treatment required. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There are few reports of the outcomes of surgical treatment for SCNEN, and most studies describe results for operations conducted under general anesthesia with short follow-up periods...
September 23, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607187/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-solifenacin-and-darifenacin-for-prevention-of-catheter-related-bladder-discomfort-a-prospective-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-study
#18
Vinit K Srivastava, Rakesh Nigam, Sanjay Agrawal, Sanjay Kumar, Sonal Rambhad, Jayant Kanaskar
BACKGROUND: Urinary catheterization during surgical interventions causes postoperative catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD). Antimuscarinic agents are the mainstay of treatment for overactive bladder (OAB). As the symptoms of CRBD mimic to OAB, so we designed this study to assess the efficacy of solifenacin and darifenacin for prevention of CRBD. METHODS: Ninety patients of either sex undergoing elective spine surgery and requiring urinary catheterization were randomly assigned into three groups to receive oral solifenacin 5 mg (Group S), darifenacin 7...
August 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564561/a-comparison-of-regional-versus-general-anesthesia-for-lumbar-spine-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-studies
#19
Andres Zorrilla-Vaca, Ryan J Healy, Marek A Mirski
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia (GA) is commonly used for lumbar spine surgery. The advantages of regional anesthesia (RA) for lumbar spine surgery, as compared with GA, remain unclear. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the impact of the type of anesthesia on intraoperative events, incidence of postoperative complications, and recovery time of patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery. METHODS: Major databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, ISI Web of Science, and Google Scholar) were systematically searched for randomized clinical trials comparing regional versus GA for lumbar spine surgery...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538165/-ultrasound-assisted-neuraxial-anesthesia-in-a-patient-with-previous-lumbar-laminectomy-and-fusion-a-case-report
#20
J Geng, M Li
A patient with previous L3-4 posterior lumbar interbody fusion, pedicle screws instrumentation and L3-4 decompression, was scheduled for left total hip arthroplasty. Two years ago, due to poor landmarks palpation, the patient experienced a failed lumbar puncture after multiple attempts before herniorrhaphy. His plain radiography showed bilateral partial laminectomy at L3-4 level, and between L3 and L4, two posterior pedicle screws connected by metal rods on both sides. This time, we used ultrasound to locate L4-5 interlaminar space in paramedian sagittal oblique view and identified the spine midline by transverse interlaminar view before puncture...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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