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ionic liquids

Tzu-Hsuan Hsu, Shu-Jen Chiang, Yen-Ho Chu
We demonstrated here a successful development of the use of functional ionic liquids FIL 1 and FIL 3 for chemoselective detection of alkene gases measured by quartz crystal microbalance. This detection of gaseous alkenes was achieved by the Diels-Alder [4+2] cycloadditions with FIL 1 and FIL 3 thin-coated on quartz chips. Our functional ionic liquids could be prepared by straightforward synthetic chemistry in short steps and are superior in alkene gas detection. The QCM platform developed in this work is chemoselective with fast gas diffusion into ionic liquids, readily applicable to low molecular weight alkene gases and insensitive to moisture...
October 24, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Ben Zercher, Todd A Hopkins
Materials that emit circularly polarized light have application in several important industries. Because they show large optical activity and emit sharp visible light transitions, europium complexes are often exploited in applications that require circularly polarized luminescence (CPL). Chiral and coordinating ionic liquids based on prolinate, valinate, and aspartate anions are used to induce CPL from a simple achiral europium triflate salt. The sign of the induced CPL is dependent on the handedness (l vs d) of the amino acid anion...
October 24, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Xueling Feng, Kaihuan Zhang, Peng Chen, Xiaofeng Sui, Mark A Hempenius, Bo Liedberg, G Julius Vancso
Highly swellable, dual-responsive hydrogels, consisting of thermo-responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) and redox-responsive poly(ferrocenylsilane) (PFS) based poly(ionic liquid)s (PILs) are formed by photo-polymerization. PFS chains bearing cross-linkable vinylimidazolium (VIm) side groups are copolymerized with NIPAM in aqueous solutions under ultraviolet light (λ = 365 nm) in the presence of a photoinitiator. The PFS-PILs serve as a macro-cross-linker and also provide redox responsiveness. The swelling ratio, morphology, and lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of the hydrogels are studied as a function of the PNIPAM/PFS ratio...
October 24, 2016: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Xinrong Lin, Maryam Salari, Leela Mohana Reddy Arava, Pulickel M Ajayan, Mark W Grinstaff
With the ongoing global effort to reduce greenhouse gas emission and dependence on oil, electrical energy storage (EES) devices such as Li-ion batteries and supercapacitors have become ubiquitous. Today, EES devices are entering the broader energy use arena and playing key roles in energy storage, transfer, and delivery within, for example, electric vehicles, large-scale grid storage, and sensors located in harsh environmental conditions, where performance at temperatures greater than 25 °C are required. The safety and high temperature durability are as critical or more so than other essential characteristics (e...
October 24, 2016: Chemical Society Reviews
Ana Filipa M Cláudio, Jorge F B Pereira, Parker D McCrary, Mara G Freire, João A P Coutinho, Robin D Rogers
An extensive study on the formation of aqueous biphasic systems (ABS) using aqueous solutions of protic ionic liquids (PILs) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) was performed in order to understand the mechanisms underlying the phase separation. Aqueous solutions of PEG polymers with different molecular weights (600, 1000, 2000, and 3400 g mol(-1)) and several N-alkyl-, dialkyl-, and trialkyl-ammonium salts of acetate, propanoate, butanoate, hexanoate and octanoate were prepared and their ability to form ABS at several temperatures assessed...
October 24, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Feng Wu, Nan Chen, Renjie Chen, Qizhen Zhu, Guoqiang Tan, Li Li
The lack of suitable nonflammable electrolytes has delayed battery application in electric vehicles. A new approach to improve the safety performance for lithium battery is proposed here. This technology is based on a nanogelator-based solid electrolyte made of porous oxides and an ionic liquid. The electrolyte is fabricated using an in situ method and the porous oxides serve as a nonflammable "nanogelator" that spontaneously immobilizes the ionic liquid. The electrolyte exhibits a high liquid-like apparent ionic conductivity of 2...
January 2016: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Fatih Comert, Paul L Dubin
The coacervation of systems containing colloids (e.g. proteins or micelles) and polyelectrolytes (notably ionic polysaccharides) is often accompanied by precipitation. This can introduce inhomogeneity, irreversibility and irreproducible kinetics in applications in food science and bioengineering, with negative impact on texture and stability of food products, and unpredictable delivery of active "payloads." The relationship between coacervation and precipitation is obscure in that coacervates might be intermediates in the formation of precipitates, or else the two phenomena might proceed by different but possibly simultaneous mechanisms...
August 10, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Javad Safaei Ghomi, Safura Zahedi
A family of novel ionic liquid with l-alanine and choline chloride as environmentally benign materials have been synthesized and grafted on Fe3O4 nanoparticles using easy preparation techniques. The structure of ionic liquid supported on Fe3O4 nanoparticles (IL-Fe3O4 NPs) characterized by various analyses such as FE-SEM, EDX, XRD, NMR, FTIR and VSM. The catalytic activities of this catalyst are examined in the Mannich reaction for synthesis of β-aminocarbonyl compounds under ultrasonic irradiation. The recyclability of catalyst is investigated, and the results have indicated that the catalyst can be recycled six times without obvious activity decreasing...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Silvana M Álvarez, Natalia E Llamas, Adriana G Lista, Mónica B Álvarez, Claudia E Domini
A new extraction method for metals from sediment samples was developed. In this procedure, the chelating agent EDTA was combined with a minimal amount of the ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (Bmim[BF4]), assisted by ultrasound energy. The available analytes -Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn- were extracted under optimal conditions for a 12.5 ratio (extractant volume/sample mass) with 0.005molL(-1) EDTA solution, 0.1molL(-1) NaHCO3, 5.0mmolL(-1) Bmim[BF4] and 7.0min of sonication time, using an ultrasonic bath (output power of 160W)...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Marcelina Pyschik, Marcel Klein-Hitpaß, Sabrina Girod, Martin Winter, Sascha Nowak
In this study, an optimized method using capillary electrophoresis (CE) with a direct contactless conductivity detector (C(4) D) for a new application field is presented for the quantification of fluoride in common used lithium - ion battery (LIB) electrolyte using LiPF6 in organic carbonate solvents and in ionic liquids (ILs) after contacted to Li metal. The method development for finding the right buffer and the suitable CE conditions for the quantification of fluoride was investigated. The results of the concentration of fluoride in different LIB electrolyte samples were compared to the results from the ion-selective electrode (ISE)...
October 22, 2016: Electrophoresis
Joel L Kaar
Widespread interest in the use of room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) as solvents in anhydrous biocatalytic reactions has largely been met with underwhelming results. Enzymes are frequently inactivated in RTILs as a result of the influence of solvent on the enzyme's microenvironment, be it through interacting with the enzyme or enzyme-bound water molecules. The purpose of this chapter is to present a rational approach to mediate RTIL-enzyme interactions, which is essential if we are to realize the advantages of RTILs over conventional solvents for biocatalysis in full...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Sasikala Anbarasan, Ronny Wahlström, Michael Hummel, Heikki Ojamo, Herbert Sixta, Ossi Turunen
Thermophilic Thermopolyspora flexuosa GH10 xylanase (TfXYN10A) was studied in the presence of biomass-dissolving hydrophilic ionic liquids (ILs) [EMIM]OAc, [EMIM]DMP and [DBNH]OAc. The temperature optimum of TfXYN10A with insoluble xylan in the pulp was at 65-70 °C, with solubilised 1 % xylan at 70-75 °C and with 3 % xylan at 75-80 °C. Therefore, the amount of soluble substrate affects the enzyme activity at high temperatures. The experiments with ILs were done with 1 % substrate. TfXYN10A can partially hydrolyse soluble xylan even in the presence of 40 % (v/v) ILs...
October 21, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
M Antonietta Baldo, Paolo Oliveri, Remo Simonetti, Salvatore Daniele
In this paper, a novel voltammetric/amperometric approach for the direct determination of free acidity (FFA, expressed as mass percentage of free oleic acid) in olive oil samples is presented. The method is based on the reduction processes occurring at a platinum microdisk electrode involving the free fatty acids present in the matrices. To overcome problems related to the low conductivity of the samples investigated, olive oils were mixed with suitable amounts of the room temperature ionic liquid (RTIL), tri-hexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium bis (trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide ([P14,6,6,6](+)[NTf2](-)), which acted as a supporting electrolyte...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Zhongling Liu, Wei Yu, Hanqi Zhang, Fanbin Gu, Xiangqun Jin
Salting-out homogenous extraction followed by ionic liquid/ionic liquid dispersive liquid-liquid micro-extraction system was developed and applied to the extraction of sulfonamides in blood. High-performance liquid chromatography was applied to the determination of the analytes. The blood sample was centrifuged to obtain the serum. After the proteins in the serum were removed in the presence of acetonitrile, ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, ionic liquid 1-Hexyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate were added into the resulting solution...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Rungaroon Pimparu, Sira Nitiyanontakit, Manuel Miró, Pakorn Varanusupakul
The concept of dynamic single-interface hollow fiber membrane liquid-phase microextraction (HF-LPME), where the target analyte was extracted on-line and eluted inside the lumen of the HF membrane, was explored. An ionic liquid containing supported liquid membrane was used for the trace determination of Cr(VI) as a model compound. Since the extraction took place on-line inside the hollow fiber membrane, the mass transfer behavior was described and discussed in comparison with the conventional HF-LPME. The extraction efficiency was improved by a recirculation configuration of the sample solution at relatively high sampling flow rates as a result of the increased effective contact area...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Li-Shun Zhang, Qing-Li Zhao, Xin-Xin Li, Xi-Xi Li, Yan-Ping Huang, Zhao-Sheng Liu
A hybrid monolith incorporated with mesoporous molecular sieve MCM-41 of uniform pore structure and high surface area was prepared with binary green porogens in the first time. With a mixture of room temperature ionic liquids and deep eutectic solvents as porogens, MCM-41 was modified with 3-(trimethoxysilyl) propyl methacrylate (γ-MPS) and the resulting MCM-41-MPS was incorporated into poly (BMA-co-EDMA) monoliths covalently. Because of good dispersibility of MCM-41-MPS in the green solvent-based polymerization system, high permeability and homogeneity for the resultant hybrid monolithic columns was achieved...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Zhigang Sui, Yejing Weng, Qun Zhao, Nan Deng, Fei Fang, Xudong Zhu, Yichu Shan, Lihua Zhang, Yukui Zhang
The cartilage zone of the velvet antler is richly vascularized, this being a major difference to the classical cartilage, in which there are no blood vessels. Angiogenesis and rapid growth of vasculature in velvet antler cartilage (VAC) make it an ideal model for discovering the novel angiogenic regulatory factors. However, the proteomic analysis of VAC is challenging due to the serious interference of proteoglycans (PGs) and collagens. To achieve a comprehensive proteome characterization of VAC, herein, we developed an ionic liquid-based method using 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([C12-mim]Cl) for selective extraction of cellular proteins from VAC...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Quan-Xing Mao, Lu Han, Yang Shu, Xu-Wei Chen, Jian-Hua Wang
In the practice of in vivo imaging with carbon nanodots (CNDs) as probe, the volume of CNDs solution introduced into living body should be kept at minimum, and a higher concentration is needed to ensure sufficient quantity of the probe for obtaining bright image. Therefore, the improvement on biocompatibility of the CNDs is among the most important and critical issues. We report herein the improvement on the biocompatibility of CNDs with modification by ionic liquid. Amide group functionalization of carbon nanodots is first conducted through microwave irradiation, followed by coupling the ionic liquid 1-carboxymethyl-3-methyl imidazolium bromide on the surface of the Amide-CNDs via covalent conjunction to produce the modified carbon nanodots (IL-CNDs)...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Anas Alshishani, Ahmad Makahleh, Hui Fang Yap, Elbaleeq Adam Gubartallah, Salizawati Muhamad Salhimi, Bahruddin Saad
A new sample preparation method, ion-pair vortex assisted liquid-liquid microextraction (VALLME-BE), for the determination of a highly polar anti-diabetic drug (metformin) in plasma sample was developed. The VALLME-BE was performed by diluting the plasma in borate buffer and extracted to 150µL 1-octanol containing 0.2M di-(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid as intermediate phase. The drug was next back-extracted into 20µL of 0.075M HCl solution. The effects of pH, ion-pair concentration, type of organic solvent, volume of extraction phases, ionic strength, vortexing and centrifugation times on the extraction efficiency were investigated...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Yong Zhang, Meng Mei, Tong Ouyang, Xiaojia Huang
In this work, a new polymeric ionic liquid (PIL)-based sorbent was prepared by in-situ polymerization of 3-(1-ethyl imidazolium-3-yl) propyl-methacrylamido bromide and ethylene dimethacrylate and was used as medium for stir cake sorptive extraction (SCSE) of trace antimony in environmental water samples. The sorbent EPBED was characterized with infrared spectroscopy, elemental analysis, scanning electron microscopy and mercury intrusion porosimetry. A method for determination of trace antimony in water samples was developed based on the combination of SCSE/EPBED and hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry (HG-AFS)...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
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