Read by QxMD icon Read

ionic liquids

Ehsan Ghasemi Estahbanati, Mohammadreza Omidkhah, Abtin Ebadi Amooghin
In this research, Pebax1657 as an organic phase and silver nanoparticles as an inorganic phase were used for preparation of binary mixed matrix membranes (MMMs). Silver nanoparticles as a filler could enter the polymer chains and enhance the gas permeability by increasing the fractional free volume of membranes. Afterwards, ternary MMMs were fabricated by addition of 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([BMIM][BF4]) ionic liquid, in order to have better polymer/filler adhesion and eliminate interfacial defects and non-selective voids...
February 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Patrick L Cullen, Kathleen M Cox, Mohammed K Bin Subhan, Loren Picco, Oliver D Payton, David J Buckley, Thomas S Miller, Stephen A Hodge, Neal T Skipper, Vasiliki Tileli, Christopher A Howard
Strategies for forming liquid dispersions of nanomaterials typically focus on retarding reaggregation, for example via surface modification, as opposed to promoting the thermodynamically driven dissolution common for molecule-sized species. Here we demonstrate the true dissolution of a wide range of important 2D nanomaterials by forming layered material salts that spontaneously dissolve in polar solvents yielding ionic solutions. The benign dissolution advantageously maintains the morphology of the starting material, is stable against reaggregation and can achieve solutions containing exclusively individualized monolayers...
March 2017: Nature Chemistry
Shawn Martin, Harry D Pratt, Travis M Anderson
We seek to optimize Ionic liquids (ILs) for application to redox flow batteries. As part of this effort, we have developed a computational method for suggesting ILs with high conductivity and low viscosity. Since ILs consist of cation-anion pairs, we consider a method for treating ILs as pairs using product descriptors for QSPRs, a concept borrowed from the prediction of protein-protein interactions in bioinformatics. We demonstrate the method by predicting electrical conductivity, viscosity, and melting point on a dataset taken from the ILThermo database on June 18(th) , 2014...
February 21, 2017: Molecular Informatics
Miyeon Lee, Arup Kumer Roy, Seongho Jo, Yujin Choi, Ari Chae, Bongsoo Kim, Sung Yong Park, Insik In
We report the characterization and formation of sonication-assisted liquid phase exfoliation of bulk black phosphorus (BP) crystals with the incorporation of two representative ionic liquids (ILs) ([Emim][Tf2N] and [Bmim][Tf2N]) as green dispersing media was attempted, which resulted in stable dispersion of multi-layer BP flakes with unsuspected high oxidation resistance and chemical/structural integrity due to the presence of IL layer on top of BP flakes. There are two unveiled issues for the generation of BP dispersion in ILs...
February 21, 2017: Nanotechnology
Nadezhda A Andreeva, Vitaly V Chaban
Efficient design of ionic compounds requires a systematic understanding of cation-anion interactions. Weakening of electrostatic attraction is essential to increase the liquid range of the ionic compound and decrease its melting point. Here, we report simulations of the closest-approach cation-anion distances in a variety of ion pairs containing the tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)borate (TFPB(-)) anion. Small alkali cations (Li(+), Na(+)) penetrate the TFPB(-) core, whereas K(+) and larger organic cations do not...
March 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
Jakub Suchodolski, Joanna Feder-Kubis, Anna Krasowska
The mechanism of toxicity of chiral ionic liquids with (1R,2S,5R)-(-)-menthol [Cn-Am-Men][Cl] (n=10, 11 or 12) in the fungus Candida albicans is reported here. Ionic liquids were more toxic towards Candida strain lacking all identified multidrug resistance efflux pumps. Moreover, the compounds tested inhibited C. albicans filamentation at the concentration at which detached fungal cells also adhered to the plastic surface. Our results showed the high activity of all the tested chiral ionic liquids in the permeabilization of C...
April 2017: Microbiological Research
S T J Droge, J L M Hermens, S Gutsell, J Rabone, G Hodges
The sorption affinity of eighty-six charged amine structures to phospholipid monolayers (log KIAM) was determined using immobilized artificial membrane high-performance liquid chromatography (IAM-HPLC). The amine compounds covered the most prevalent types of polar groups, widely ranged in structural complexity, and included forty-seven pharmaceuticals, as well as several narcotics and pesticides. Amine type specific corrective increments were used to align log KIAM data with bilayer membrane sorption coefficients (KMW(IAM))...
February 20, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
M Lúcia Mfs Saraiva, Susana Costa, Marieta Passos
A novel automated fluorimetric technique was developed for the assessment of ionic liquids (ILs) chemical oxygen demand (COD). It was combined a photodegradation step with the perspective of promote ILs degradation. The method was implemented on a sequential injection analysis (SIA) system and based on the reduction of cerium (IV) in the presence of irradiated ILs. The obtained results demonstrated higher COD values for compounds incorporating the chloride anion. Bmim [Cl], bmpyr [Cl] and hmim [Cl] also exhibiting considerable photodegradability ratio...
February 19, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Yong-Qiang Liu, Hong Yu
A convenient and versatile method was developed for the separation and detection of alkaline earth metal ions by ion chromatography with indirect ultraviolet detection. The chromatographic separation of Mg(2+) , Ca(2+) and Sr(2+) was performed on a carboxylic acid base cation exchange column using imidazolium ionic liquid/acid as the mobile phase, in which the imidazolium ionic liquid acted as an ultraviolet-absorption reagent. The effects of imidazolium ionic liquids, detection wavelength, acids in the mobile phase and column temperature on the retention of Mg(2+) , Ca(2+) and Sr(2+) were investigated...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
Jie Xu, Huanhuan Deng, Yunlei Fu, Yuquan Chen, Jing Zhang, Wanguo Hou
Generally, surfactants (or amphiphiles) are believed to be necessary components of microemulsions. However, it has been demonstrated that, in the absence of traditional surfactants, microemulsions can also form from a ternary system of two immiscible fluids (i.e., oil and water phases) and an amphi-solvent, but the current understanding of such surfactant-free microemulsions (SFMEs) is very limited. Herein, we report an SFME consisting of the hydrophobic ionic liquid (IL) 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate (bmimPF6), the protic IL propylamine nitrate (PAN), and water, in which bmimPF6 and PAN are used as the oil phase and the amphi-solvent, respectively...
February 20, 2017: Soft Matter
Sarah L White, Progna Banerjee, Prashant K Jain
Super-ionic solids, which exhibit ion mobilities as high as those in liquids or molten salts, have been employed as solid-state electrolytes in batteries, improved thermoelectrics and fast-ion conductors in super-capacitors and fuel cells. Fast-ion transport in many of these solids is supported by a disordered, 'liquid-like' sub-lattice of cations mobile within a rigid anionic sub-lattice, often achieved at high temperatures or pressures via a phase transition. Here we show that ultrasmall clusters of copper selenide exhibit a disordered cationic sub-lattice under ambient conditions unlike larger nanocrystals, where Cu(+) ions and vacancies form an ordered super-structure similar to the bulk solid...
February 20, 2017: Nature Communications
Ya Zhou, Chen Peng, Kenneth D Harris, Rupasri Mandal, D Jed Harrison
We present a surface assisted laser desorption ionization (SALDI) technique, coupled with fluorocarbon coating, to achieve selective segregation of ionic and/or hydrophilic analytes from background biofluid electrolytes for quantiatve mass spectrometric analysis. By controlling the contact angle of (1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctyl) trichlorosilane or (1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctyl) dimethylchlorosilane to a specific range (105-120°), background electrolytes can be made to segregate from hydrophilic analytes during a drying step on the surface of a highly nanoporous thin film...
February 19, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Xueming Yuan, Yonghao Duan, Lilin He, Seema Singh, Blake Simmons, Gang Cheng
A systematic study was performed to understand interactions among biomass loading during ionic liquid (IL) pretreatment, biomass type and biomass structures. White poplar and eucalyptus samples were pretreated using 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate (EmimOAc) at 110°C for 3h at biomass loadings of 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25wt%. All of the samples were chemically characterized and tested for enzymatic hydrolysis. Physical structures including biomass crystallinity and porosity were measured by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and small angle neutron scattering (SANS), respectively...
February 8, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Yu Zhou, Yan-Zhen Zheng, Tian Zhang, Geng Deng, Zhi-Wu Yu
By studying the interactions between an ionic liquid (IL), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis (trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide ([Emim][Tf2N]) and a co-solvent acetonitrile, C≡N stretching vibration was found to be very sensitive to different interaction sites as unveiled by excess infrared spectroscopy. Four existing forms of acetonitrile molecules were identified and the detailed transformation process of the ionic liquid upon dilution was obtained. Such characteristic of nitrile group is discussed from the view point of its ability to form hydrogen bonds with proton donors...
February 18, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Robert Biczak, Martyna Śnioszek, Arkadiusz Telesiński, Barbara Pawłowska
Ionic liquids (ILs) constitute a huge group of substances that are increasingly common in the commercial use. This situation may lead to the contamination of the soil environment which being the basic of plants vegetation. This paper presents the effect of four ILs with I(-) anion on the growth and development of spring barley (Hordeum vulgare) and common radish (Raphanus sativus L. subvar. radicula Pers) and changes in metabolism of the plants. Seedlings of spring barley and common radish cultivated on soil with increasing ILs concentration exhibited typical phytotoxicity symptoms...
February 14, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Xiaoling Yang, Kexin Qiao, Fang Liu, Xiaoling Wu, Miyi Yang, Jing Li, Haixiang Gao, Sanbing Zhang, Wenfeng Zhou, Runhua Lu
In this research, a novel method using magnetic mixed hemimicelles dispersive solid-phase extraction (MMHDSPE) based on C16mimBr-coated attapulgite/polyaniline-polypyrrole/Fe3O4 (ATP/PANI-PPY/Fe3O4) nanocomposites were investigated for enrichment and separation of three acaricides in fruit juice. In this method, we combined the simplicity and speed of dispersive solid-phase extraction, the advantages of mixed hemimicelles and the facility of the phase separation of the magnetic nanoparticles to develop a simple, rapid, sensitive, and effective method for detecting target analytes from the juice samples...
May 1, 2017: Talanta
Ming Chen, Song Li, Guang Feng
Room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) are an emerging class of electrolytes for supercapacitors. In this work, we investigate the effects of different supercapacitor models and anion shape on the electrical double layers (EDLs) of two different RTILs: 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide ([Emim][Tf₂N]) and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium 2-(cyano)pyrrolide ([Emim][CNPyr]) by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The EDL microstructure is represented by number densities of cations and anions, and the potential drop near neutral and charged electrodes reveal that the supercapacitor model with a single electrode has the same EDL structure as the model with two opposite electrodes...
February 16, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Benjamin May, Michael Hönle, Bettina Heller, Francesco Greco, Radha Gobinda Bhuin, Hans-Peter Steinrück, Florian Maier
We demonstrate that a thermodynamic complex equilibrium within an ionic liquid film can be significantly influenced by the presence of the liquid-vacuum interface. Using surface sensitive X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, we find that the temperature-driven transition from the blue-colored tetrahedral [Co(II)(NCS)4](2-) to the red-colored octahedral [Co(II)(NCS)6](4-) complex occurs within the outermost nanometers already around +4 °C as compared to -25 °C in the bulk. This thermochromic transformation in the near-surface region goes along with a loss in preferential surface orientation of free [SCN](-) anions and with a pronounced decrease in the complex density; both effects are attributed to the formation of a weakly-bound solvation shell around the [Co(II)(NCS)6](4-) anion leading to an effective complex dilution...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Qi Wu, Taoxiang Sun, Xianghai Meng, Jing Chen, Chao Xu
The complexation of U(VI) with octylphenyl-N,N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide (CMPO, denoted as L) in ionic liquid (IL) C4mimNTf2 was investigated by UV-vis absorption spectrophotometry and isothermal titration calorimetry. Spectro-photometric titration suggests that three successive complexes, UO2Lj(2+) (j = 1-3), formed both in "dry" (water content < 250 ppm) and "wet" (water content ≈ 12 500 ppm) ionic liquid. However, the thermodynamic parameters are distinctly different in the two ILs...
February 17, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Kaleigh Margita, Maxim A Voinov, Alex I Smirnov
Spin probe and spin labeling Electron Paramagnetic Resonance methods are indispensable research tools for solving a wide range of bioanalytical problems-from measuring microviscosity and polarity of phase-separated liquids to oxygen concentrations in tissues. One of the emerging uses of spin probes are the studies of proton transfer-related and surface electrostatic phenomena. The latter Electron Paramagnetic Resonance methods rely on molecular probes containing an additional functionality capable of reversible ionization (protonation, in particular) in the immediate proximity to an Electron Paramagnetic Resonance-active reporter group, such as (N-O(•)) for nitroxides...
February 17, 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"