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Child and adolescent psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623183/phone-based-interventions-in-adolescent-psychiatry-a-perspective-and-proof-of-concept-pilot-study-with-a-focus-on-depression-and-autism
#1
Robert Yuzen Chen, Jordan Robert Feltes, William Shun Tzeng, Zoe Yunzhu Lu, Michael Pan, Nan Zhao, Rebecca Talkin, Kavon Javaherian, Anne Glowinski, Will Ross
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine has emerged as an innovative platform to diagnose and treat psychiatric disorders in a cost-effective fashion. Previous studies have laid the functional framework for monitoring and treating child psychiatric disorders electronically using videoconferencing, mobile phones (smartphones), and Web-based apps. However, phone call and text message (short message service, SMS) interventions in adolescent psychiatry are less studied than other electronic platforms. Further investigations on the development of these interventions are needed...
June 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613366/-transitional-psychiatry-in-the-netherlands-experiences-and-views-of-mental-health-professionals
#2
S E Gerritsen, G C Dieleman, M A C Beltman, A A M Tangenbergh, A Maras, T A M J van Amelsvoort, A L van Staa
Psychopathology manifests itself primarily in late adolescence and continues into adulthood. Continuity of care is essential during this phase of life. The current care service distinguishes between child/adolescent (CAMHS) and adult mental health services (AMHS). The separation of services can interfere with the continuity of care.<br/> AIM: To map professionals' experiences of and views on the transition and associated problems that young people can experience as they are transferred from CAMHS to AMHS...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606027/factors-affecting-improvement-of-children-and-adolescents-who-were-treated-in-the-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-inpatient-unit
#3
Burcu Serim Demirgoren, Aylin Ozbek, Ozlem Gencer
Objective This study aimed to assess the correlates and predictors of improvement in general functioning of children and adolescents who are treated in the child and adolescent psychiatry (CAMHS) inpatient unit. Methods Hospital records of 308 children and adolescents who were treated for at least 1 month in the CAMHS inpatient unit from 2005-2016 were included. Associations with individual, familial, and clinical variables and the difference in Children's Global Assessment Scale (ΔCGAS) scores at admission and discharge were evaluated...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593597/the-stability-of-self-reported-anxiety-in-youth-with-autism-versus-adhd-or-typical-development
#4
Hillary Schiltz, Nancy McIntyre, Lindsay Swain-Lerro, Matthew Zajic, Peter Mundy
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at risk for anxiety symptoms. Few anxiety measures are validated for individuals with ASD, and the nature of ASD raises questions about reliability of self-reported anxiety. This study examined longitudinal stability and change of self-reported anxiety in higher functioning youth with ASD (HFASD) compared to youth with symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and typical development (TD) using the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (March, 2012; March et al...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577118/comparing-and-contrasting-the-use-of-problem-based-learning-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-programs
#5
Dale Peeples, Anthony Guerrero, Bettina Bernstein, Jeffrey Hunt, Say How Ong, Cynthia Santos, Sandra Sexson, Norbert Skokauskas
OBJECTIVE: Problem-based learning (PBL) is one of the core components of medical education. To facilitate the spread and use of PBL in child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) fellowship training, a special interest study group (SISG) was formed at the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP). Different approaches to the implementation of PBL between programs represented at the SISG are compared in this report. METHODS: The authors distributed a survey to SISG participants after the 2015 annual AACAP meeting, which gathered information about the different approaches programs use to implement PBL in graduate medical education...
June 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567593/the-social-aptitudes-scale-looking-at-both-ends-of-the-social-functioning-dimension
#6
Luiza Kvitko Axelrud, Diogo Araújo DeSousa, Gisele Gus Manfro, Pedro Mario Pan, Ana Cláudia Knackfuss, Jair de Jesus Mari, Eurípedes Constantino Miguel, Luis Augusto Rohde, Giovanni Abrahão Salum
PURPOSE: Dimensional approaches are likely to advance understanding of human behaviors and emotions. Nevertheless, it is unclear whether instruments in psychiatry capture variability at the full spectrum of these dimensions. We aimed to investigate this issue for two scales assessing distinct aspects of social functioning: the Social Aptitudes Scale (SAS), a "bidirectional" scale constructed to investigate both "ends" of social functioning; and the social Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL-social), a "unidirectional" scale constructed to assess social problems...
May 31, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566025/management-of-mental-health-crises-among-youths-with-and-without-asd-a-national-survey-of-child-psychiatrists
#7
Luther G Kalb, Elizabeth A Stuart, David S Mandell, Mark Olfson, Roma A Vasa
OBJECTIVE: This study compared management by child psychiatrists of mental health crises among youths with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: A custom online mental health crisis services survey was administered to members of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. The survey probed three domains of crisis management: willingness to work with youths with a history of mental health crisis, comfort level in managing a mental health crisis, and availability of external resources during a crisis...
June 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561203/relationship-between-daily-dose-serum-concentration-and-clinical-response-to-quetiapine-in-children-and-adolescents-with-psychotic-and-mood-disorders
#8
Laura Albantakis, Karin Egberts, Rainer Burger, Christine Kulpok, Claudia Mehler-Wex, Regina Taurines, Stefan Unterecker, Christoph Wewetzer, Marcel Romanos, Manfred Gerlach
Introduction In child and adolescent psychiatry, therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is strongly recommended. However, therapeutic ranges (TR) are defined only for adults. The objectives of this naturalistic study were to assess the relationships between serum quetiapine concentration, daily dose, and clinical outcomes as well as the determinants of pharmacokinetic variability. Furthermore, it was elucidated whether the recommended TR for adult patients with psychotic disorders is valid for children and adolescents...
May 23, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559636/treating-an-adolescent-with-long-qt-syndrome-for-bipolar-disorder-a-case-presentation
#9
Özlem Önen, Ayşe Kutlu, Handan Özek Erkuran
OBJECTIVES: Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is described as the development of sudden syncope attacks or death as a result of ventricular tachycardia (VT) episodes that might be observed as elongated QT interval in electrocardiography (ECG). Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) is recommended as first-line treatment for the condition in guidelines. We aimed to present an adolescent recently diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder (BD) who had LQTS that was treated with ICD, discussing her follow up and treatment along with relevant literature...
January 26, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537949/mobile-technologies-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-pushing-for-further-awareness-and-research
#10
Shih Yee-Marie Tan Gipson, John Torous, Eleni Maneta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506544/development-of-the-vanderbilt-assessment-for-delirium-in-infants-and-children-to-standardize-pediatric-delirium-assessment-by-psychiatrists
#11
REVIEW
Maalobeeka Gangopadhyay, Heidi Smith, Maryland Pao, Gabrielle Silver, Deepmala Deepmala, Claire De Souza, Georgina Garcia, Lisa Giles, Danica Denton, Natalie Jacobowski, Pratik Pandharipande, Catherine Fuchs
BACKGROUND: Pediatric delirium assessment is complicated by variations in baseline language and cognitive skills, impairment during illness, and absence of pediatric-specific modifiers within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders delirium criterion. OBJECTIVE: To develop a standardized approach to pediatric delirium assessment by psychiatrists. METHODS: A multidisciplinary group of clinicians used Diagnostic and Statistical Manual criterion as the foundation for the Vanderbilt Assessment for Delirium in Infants and Children (VADIC)...
March 15, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506504/anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-appearing-as-a-new-onset-psychosis-disease-course-in-children-and-adolescents-within-the-california-encephalitis-project
#12
Mary Gable, Carol Glaser
BACKGROUND: Given that psychiatric symptoms are common, not only during the course of the illness but also on presentation, in children and adolescents with anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis, it is important that practitioners possess an adequate understanding of the clinical features and potential treatment of this disease. We describe the clinical characteristics of 24 patients who presented to the California Encephalitis Project. METHODS: Patients were referred by physicians, and standardized forms were used to gather demographic, clinical, and laboratory data...
July 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502033/a-reflection-on-today-s-environment-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-research-the-continuous-march-for-science-of-european-child%C3%A2-%C3%A2-adolescent-psychiatry
#13
EDITORIAL
Johannes Hebebrand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477247/why-psychiatry-needs-3-4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine-a-child-psychiatrist-s-perspective
#14
REVIEW
Ben Sessa
Since the late 1980s the psychoactive drug 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) has had a well-known history as the recreationally used drug ecstasy. What is less well known by the public is that MDMA started its life as a therapeutic agent and that in recent years an increasing amount of clinical research has been undertaken to revisit the drug's medical potential. MDMA has unique pharmacological properties that translate well to its proposed agent to assist trauma-focused psychotherapy. Psychological trauma-especially that which arises early in life from child abuse-underpins many chronic adult mental disorders, including addictions...
May 5, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466116/cultural-sensitive-care-provision-in-a-public-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-centre-a-case-study-from-the-toulouse-university-hospital-intercultural-consultation
#15
Gesine Sturm, Sylvie Bonnet, Yolaine Coussot, Katja Journot, Jean-Philippe Raynaud
Child and adolescent mental health services in Europe are confronted with children with increasingly diverse socio-cultural backgrounds. Clinicians encounter cultural environments of hyperdiversity in terms of languages and countries of origin, growing diversity within groups, and accelerated change with regards to social and administrational situations (Hannah, in: DelVecchio Good et al. (eds) Shattering culture: American medicine responds to cultural diversity, Russel Sage Foundation, New York, 2011). Children and families who live in these complex constellations face multiple vulnerabilizing factors related to overlapping or intersecting social identities (Crenshaw in Univ Chic Leg Forum 140:139-167, 1989)...
May 2, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455596/clinical-decision-support-systems-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Roman Koposov, Sturla Fossum, Thomas Frodl, Øystein Nytrø, Bennett Leventhal, Andre Sourander, Silvana Quaglini, Massimo Molteni, María de la Iglesia Vayá, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Nicola Barbarini, Michael Peter Milham, Francisco Xavier Castellanos, Norbert Skokauskas
Psychiatric disorders are amongst the most prevalent and impairing conditions in childhood and adolescence. Unfortunately, it is well known that general practitioners (GPs) and other frontline health providers (i.e., child protection workers, public health nurses, and pediatricians) are not adequately trained to address these ubiquitous problems (Braddick et al. Child and Adolescent mental health in Europe: infrastructures, policy and programmes, European Communities, 2009; Levav et al. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 13:395-401, 2004)...
April 28, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413935/predictive-validity-of-the-k-sads-pl-2009-version-in-school-aged-and-adolescent-outpatients
#17
Håkan Jarbin, Markus Andersson, Maria Råstam, Tord Ivarsson
BACKGROUND: The schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children (K-SADS) is one of the most commonly used standardized diagnostic interviews in child and adolescent psychiatry. Validity studies are scarce, and limited to concurrent validity with other measures and clinical diagnoses. AIMS: To evaluate the K-SADS interview in an outpatient child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) setting with a Longitudinal Expert All Data (LEAD) procedure...
May 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400971/the-mini-pat-as-a-multi-source-feedback-tool-for-trainees-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-assessing-whether-it-is-fit-for-purpose
#18
Gill Salmon, Lesley Pugsley
This paper discusses the research supporting the use of multi-source feedback (MSF) for doctors and describes the mini-Peer Assessment Tool (mini-PAT), the MSF instrument currently used to assess trainees in child and adolescent psychiatry. The relevance of issues raised in the literature about MSF tools in general is examined in relation to trainees in child and adolescent psychiatry as well as the appropriateness of the mini-PAT for this group. Suggestions for change including modifications to existing MSF tools or the development of a specialty-specific MSF instrument are offered...
April 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398818/neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-malignant-catatonia-in-child-psychiatry-literature-review-and-a-case-series
#19
Neera Ghaziuddin, Melissa Hendriks, Paresh Patel, Lee E Wachtel, Dirk M Dhossche
OBJECTIVE: To describe the presentation of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) and malignant catatonia (MC) in children and adolescents. BACKGROUND: NMS and MC are life-threatening, neuropsychiatric syndromes, associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. NMS is diagnosed when there is a recent history of treatment with an antipsychotic (AP) medication, while MC is diagnosed when the symptoms resemble NMS but without a history of exposure to an AP agent...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382487/-retrospective-recording-of-childhood-adhd-symptoms-follow-up-of-adults-formerly-diagnosed-with-childhood-adhd-and-or-childhood-conduct-disorder
#20
F Wolf, M Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, K Becker
BACKGROUND: The Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS) is recommended for retrospective recording of childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. Hence the present study explored the validity of the WURS and its short forms (WURS-25, WURS-k, WURS-15-G, IDA items) by screening adult subjects who had been diagnosed with either ADHD or conduct disorder (CD) during childhood. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 317 contacted former patients of the department for child and adolescent psychiatry, 20 adults previously diagnosed with ADHD (20 male, mean age 27...
April 5, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
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