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Child and adolescent psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413935/predictive-validity-of-the-k-sads-pl-2009-version-in-school-aged-and-adolescent-outpatients
#1
Håkan Jarbin, Markus Andersson, Maria Råstam, Tord Ivarsson
BACKGROUND: The schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children (K-SADS) is one of the most commonly used standardized diagnostic interviews in child and adolescent psychiatry. Validity studies are scarce, and limited to concurrent validity with other measures and clinical diagnoses. AIMS: To evaluate the K-SADS interview in an outpatient child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) setting with a Longitudinal Expert All Data (LEAD) procedure...
May 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400971/the-mini-pat-as-a-multi-source-feedback-tool-for-trainees-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-assessing-whether-it-is-fit-for-purpose
#2
Gill Salmon, Lesley Pugsley
This paper discusses the research supporting the use of multi-source feedback (MSF) for doctors and describes the mini-Peer Assessment Tool (mini-PAT), the MSF instrument currently used to assess trainees in child and adolescent psychiatry. The relevance of issues raised in the literature about MSF tools in general is examined in relation to trainees in child and adolescent psychiatry as well as the appropriateness of the mini-PAT for this group. Suggestions for change including modifications to existing MSF tools or the development of a specialty-specific MSF instrument are offered...
April 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398818/neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-malignant-catatonia-in-child-psychiatry-literature-review-and-a-case-series
#3
Neera Ghaziuddin, Melissa Hendriks, Paresh Patel, Lee E Wachtel, Dirk M Dhossche
OBJECTIVE: To describe the presentation of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) and malignant catatonia (MC) in children and adolescents. BACKGROUND: NMS and MC are life-threatening, neuropsychiatric syndromes, associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. NMS is diagnosed when there is a recent history of treatment with an antipsychotic (AP) medication, while MC is diagnosed when the symptoms resemble NMS but without a history of exposure to an AP agent...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382487/-retrospective-recording-of-childhood-adhd-symptoms-follow-up-of-adults-formerly-diagnosed-with-childhood-adhd-and-or-childhood-conduct-disorder
#4
F Wolf, M Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, K Becker
BACKGROUND: The Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS) is recommended for retrospective recording of childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. Hence the present study explored the validity of the WURS and its short forms (WURS-25, WURS-k, WURS-15-G, IDA items) by screening adult subjects who had been diagnosed with either ADHD or conduct disorder (CD) during childhood. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 317 contacted former patients of the department for child and adolescent psychiatry, 20 adults previously diagnosed with ADHD (20 male, mean age 27...
April 5, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363151/irritability-in-adhd-associations-with-depression-liability
#5
Olga Eyre, Kate Langley, Argyris Stringaris, Ellen Leibenluft, Stephan Collishaw, Anita Thapar
BACKGROUND: Irritability and the new DSM-5 diagnostic category of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) have been conceptualised as related to mood disorder. Irritability is common in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) but little is known about its association with depression risk in this group. This study aims to establish levels of irritability and prevalence of DMDD in a clinical sample of children with ADHD, and examine their association with anxiety, depression and family history of depression...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360811/evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-brain-derived-neurotropic-factor-levels-and-the-stroop-interference-effect-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#6
Şeref Şimşek, Salih Gençoğlan, Tuğba Yüksel, İbrahim Kaplan, Hüseyin Aktaş, Rümeysa Alaca
INTRODUCTION: Brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) has been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In addition, impairment in executive functions has been reported in children with ADHD. This study investigated the presence of a relationship between Stroop test scores and BDNF levels in children with ADHD. METHODS: The study was conducted in the Department of Child Psychiatry at Dicle University. The study included 49 children between 6 and 15 years of age (M/F: 42/7), who were diagnosed with ADHD according to DSM-IV, and who did not receive previous therapy...
December 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331503/integrating-smartphone-technology-at-the-time-of-discharge-from-a-child-and-adolescent-inpatient-psychiatry-unit
#7
Jonathan M Gregory, Javeed Sukhera, Melissa Taylor-Gates
OBJECTIVE: As smartphone technology becomes an increasingly important part of youth mental health, there has been little to no examination of how to effectively integrate smartphone-based safety planning with inpatient care. Our study sought to examine whether or not we could effectively integrate smartphone-based safety planning into the discharge process on a child and adolescent inpatient psychiatry unit. METHOD: Staff members completed a survey to determine the extent of smartphone ownership in a population of admitted child and adolescent inpatients...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320870/clinical-considerations-related-to-the-behavioral-manifestations-of-child-maltreatment
#8
Robert D Sege, Lisa Amaya-Jackson
Children who have suffered early abuse or neglect may later present with significant health and behavior problems that may persist long after the abusive or neglectful environment has been remediated. Neurobiological research suggests that early maltreatment may result in an altered psychological and physiologic response to stressful stimuli, a response that deleteriously affects the child's subsequent development. Pediatricians can assist caregivers by helping them recognize the abused or neglected child's emotional and behavioral responses associated with child maltreatment and guide them in the use of positive parenting strategies, referring the children and families to evidence-based therapeutic treatment and mobilizing available community resources...
March 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320691/microsoft-kinect-based-continuous-performance-test-an-objective-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-assessment
#9
David Delgado-Gomez, Inmaculada Peñuelas-Calvo, Antonio Eduardo Masó-Besga, Silvia Vallejo-Oñate, Itziar Baltasar Tello, Elsa Arrua Duarte, María Constanza Vera Varela, Juan Carballo, Enrique Baca-García
BACKGROUND: One of the major challenges in mental medical care is finding out new instruments for an accurate and objective evaluation of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Early ADHD identification, severity assessment, and prompt treatment are essential to avoid the negative effects associated with this mental condition. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to develop a novel ADHD assessment instrument based on Microsoft Kinect, which identifies ADHD cardinal symptoms in order to provide a more accurate evaluation...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317224/pharmacotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-aggression-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-comorbid-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-questionnaire-survey-of-571-psychiatrists
#10
Kazuhiko Yamamuro, Noa Tsujii, Toyosaku Ota, Toshifumi Kishimoto, Junzo Iida
AIMS: Both attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are frequently accompanied by serious aggression that requires psychiatric treatment. However, little is known about the experiences psychiatrists have had using pharmacotherapy to treat aggression in patients who have both ASD and ADHD (ASD/ADHD). The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of Japanese child and adolescent psychiatrists in prescribing medication for aggression in patients with ASD/ADHD...
March 20, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297075/decrease-in-statewide-antipsychotic-prescribing-after-implementation-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-consultation-services
#11
Rebecca P Barclay, Robert B Penfold, Donna Sullivan, Lauren Boydston, Julia Wignall, Robert J Hilt
OBJECTIVE: To learn if a quality of care Medicaid child psychiatric consultation service implemented in three different steps was linked to changes in statewide child antipsychotic utilization. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Washington State child psychiatry consultation program primary data and Medicaid pharmacy division antipsychotic utilization secondary data from July 1, 2006, through December 31, 2013. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study in which consult program data were analyzed with a time series analysis of statewide antipsychotic utilization...
April 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285446/executive-function-as-a-mediator-in-the-link-between-single-or-complex-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
Rosanne Op den Kelder, Judith B M Ensink, Geertjan Overbeek, Marija Maric, Ramón J L Lindauer
PURPOSE: In this study, we examined whether there is a mediating role of executive function (EF) in the relationship between trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress in youth. METHODS: Children and adolescents exposed to trauma were recruited at an academic center for child psychiatry in The Netherlands. The total sample consisted of 119 children from 9 to 17 years old (M = 13.65, SD = 2.45). Based on retrospective life event information, the sample was divided into three groups: a single trauma group (n = 41), a complex trauma group (n = 38), and a control group that was not exposed to traumatic events (n = 40)...
March 11, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272781/survey-to-child-adolescent-psychiatry-and-developmental-behavioral-pediatric-training-directors-to-expand-psychiatric-mental-health-training-to-nurse-practitioners
#13
Richard H Schwartz, Mary C O'Laughlen, Joshua Kim
BACKGROUND: There is an ongoing shortage of child mental health professionals. Nurse practitioners (NPs) who completed behavioral and mental health training have proven that they can diagnose and manage many pediatric problems. PURPOSE: To ask the training directors of both child/adolescent psychiatry (CAP) and developmental/behavioral pediatric (DBP) programs about their receptivity and willingness to give additional training for NPs who provide care to children with behavioral and mental health issues and examine the main obstacles to the development of such programs...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243949/intersecting-cultures-in-deaf-mental-health-an-ethnographic-study-of-nhs-professionals-diagnosing-autism-in-d-deaf-children
#14
Natassia F Brenman, Anja Hiddinga, Barry Wright
Autism assessments for children who are deaf are particularly complex for a number of reasons, including overlapping cultural and clinical factors. We capture this in an ethnographic study of National Health Service child and adolescent mental health services in the United Kingdom, drawing on theoretical perspectives from transcultural psychiatry, which help to understand these services as a cultural system. Our objective was to analyse how mental health services interact with Deaf culture, as a source of cultural-linguistic identity...
February 27, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236053/almost-psychiatry-the-impact-of-teaching-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-studies-to-undergraduate-college-students
#15
Ursula Diamond, Christina A Di Bartolo, Emily Badin, Jess P Shatkin
OBJECTIVE: The Child and Adolescent Mental Health Studies (CAMS) program is housed in a Liberal Arts undergraduate college of a large research university. Psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, and social workers at the university's medical center teach the courses. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the extent to which CAMS encourages graduates of the program to pursue a career in child and adolescent mental health (CAMH). METHODS: In 2015-2016, graduates of the CAMS program were invited to participate in a mixed methods study...
February 24, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229349/joint-attention-and-the-social-phenotype-of-school-aged-children-with-asd
#16
Peter Mundy, Stephanie Novotny, Lindsey Swain-Lerro, Nancy McIntyre, Matt Zajic, Tasha Oswald
The validity of joint attention assessment in school-aged children with ASD is unclear (Lord, Jones, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 53(5):490-509, 2012). This study examined the feasibility and validity of a parent-report measure of joint attention related behaviors in verbal children and adolescents with ASD. Fifty-two children with ASD and 34 controls were assessed with the Childhood Joint Attention Rating Scale (C-JARS). The C-JARS exhibited internally consistency, α = 0.88, and one factor explained 49% of the scale variance...
May 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195316/structural-hierarchy-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-symptoms-an-integrative-framework
#17
Hyunsik Kim, Cara M Keifer, Craig Rodriguez-Seijas, Nicholas R Eaton, Matthew D Lerner, Kenneth D Gadow
BACKGROUND: In an attempt to resolve questions regarding the symptom classification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), previous research generally aimed to demonstrate superiority of one model over another. Rather than adjudicating which model may be optimal, we propose an alternative approach that integrates competing models using Goldberg's bass-ackwards method, providing a comprehensive understanding of the underlying symptom structure of ASD. METHODS: The study sample comprised 3,825 individuals, consecutive referrals to a university hospital developmental disabilities specialty clinic or a child psychiatry outpatient clinic...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194528/prevention-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-are-we-there-yet
#18
EDITORIAL
Carmen Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184313/juvenile-delinquency-welfare-justice-and-therapeutic-interventions-a-global-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Susan Young, Ben Greer, Richard Church
This review considers juvenile delinquency and justice from an international perspective. Youth crime is a growing concern. Many young offenders are also victims with complex needs, leading to a public health approach that requires a balance of welfare and justice models. However, around the world there are variable and inadequate legal frameworks and a lack of a specialist workforce. The UK and other high-income countries worldwide have established forensic child and adolescent psychiatry, a multifaceted discipline incorporating legal, psychiatric and developmental fields...
February 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184309/plans-hopes-and-ideas-for-mental-health
#20
EDITORIAL
John R Ashton
Mental health and the failings of the mental health services are in the spotlight as never before. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the often dire situation with regard to child and adolescent mental health. At the same time, there is a renewed interest in the scope for prevention of mental illness and distress, and in population approaches to mental well-being. It may come as a surprise to some that others have given such serious consideration to strategic approaches to public mental health as long ago as the 1950s...
February 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
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