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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922065/detc-based-bacterial-cellulose-bio-curatives-for-topical-treatment-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#1
Fabiana S Celes, Eliane Trovatti, Ricardo Khouri, Johan Van Weyenbergh, Sidney J L Ribeiro, Valeria M Borges, Hernane S Barud, Camila I de Oliveira
The treatment of leishmaniasis still relies on drugs with potentially serious adverse effects. Herein, we tested a topical formulation of bacterial cellulose (BC) membranes containing Diethyldithiocarbamate (DETC), a superoxide dismutase 1 inhibitor. Leishmania-infected macrophages exposed to BC-DETC resulted in parasite killing, without pronounced toxic effects to host cells. This outcome was associated with lower SOD1 activity and higher production of superoxide and cytokine mediators. Topical application of BC-DETC significantly decreased lesion size, parasite load and the inflammatory response at the infection site, as well as the production of both IFN-γ and TNF...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916866/relationship-between-soft-drink-consumption-and-obesity-in-9-11-years-old-children-in-a-multi-national-study
#2
Peter T Katzmarzyk, Stephanie T Broyles, Catherine M Champagne, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V Lambert, Jose Maia, Victor Matsudo, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S Tremblay, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao
The purpose of this study was to determine the association between regular (sugar containing) and diet (artificially sweetened) soft drink consumption and obesity in children from 12 countries ranging in levels of economic and human development. The sample included 6162 children aged 9-11 years. Information on soft drink consumption was obtained using a food frequency questionnaire. Percentage body fat (%BF) was estimated by bio-electrical impedance analysis, body mass index (BMI) z-scores were computed using World Health Organization reference data, and obesity was defined as a BMI > +2 standard deviations (SD)...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916854/fast-screening-of-antibacterial-compounds-from-fusaria
#3
Teis Esben Sondergaard, Marlene Fredborg, Ann-Maria Oppenhagen Christensen, Sofie K Damsgaard, Nikoline F Kramer, Henriette Giese, Jens Laurids Sørensen
Bio-guided screening is an important method to identify bioactive compounds from fungi. In this study we applied a fast digital time-lapse microscopic method for assessment of the antibacterial properties of secondary metabolites from the fungal genus Fusarium. Here antibacterial effects could be detected for antibiotic Y, aurofusarin, beauvericin, enniatins and fusaric acid after six hours of cultivation. The system was then used in a bio-guided screen of extracts from 14 different Fusarium species, which had been fractionated by HPLC...
November 29, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915981/molecular-cellular-and-pharmaceutical-aspects-of-autologous-grafts-for-peri-implant-hard-and-soft-tissue-defects
#4
Jiayu Lu, Yongming Hao, Wei Zhao, Chengqi Lv, Derong Zou
The lack of supporting hard and soft tissues always prevents the rehabilitation with dental implants. Among various hard and soft tissue augmentation procedures, autologous grafts have been considered to be the gold standard. Autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from bone marrow, dental tissue and adipose tissue have been described as promising alternatives for bone regeneration in the field of dental implantation. Mucosal cells, gingival fibroblasts and dental progenitor cells (DPS) can enhance peri-implant soft tissue augmentation and regenerate periodontal tissues around dental implants...
December 1, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915018/design-and-surface-immobilization-of-short-anti-biofilm-peptides
#5
Biswajit Mishra, Tamara Lushnikova, Radha M Golla, Xiuqing Wang, Guangshun Wang
: Short antimicrobial peptides are essential to keep us healthy and their lasting potency can inspire the design of new types of antibiotics. This study reports the design of a family of eight-residue tryptophan-rich peptides (TetraF2W) obtained by converting the four phenylalanines in temporin-SHf to tryptophans. The temporin-SHf template was identified from the antimicrobial peptide database (http://aps.unmc.edu/AP). Remarkably, the double arginine variant (TetraF2W-RR) was more effective in killing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) USA300, but less cytotoxic to human skin HaCat and kidney HEK293 cells, than the lysine-containing dibasic combinations (KR, RK and KK)...
November 30, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912183/relationships-between-sulfachloropyridazine-sodium-zinc-and-sulfonamide-resistance-genes-during-the-anaerobic-digestion-of-swine-manure
#6
Ranran Zhang, Jie Gu, Xiaojuan Wang, Xun Qian, Manli Duan, Wei Sun, Yajun Zhang, Haichao Li, Yang Li
In this study, swine manure containing sulfachloropyridazine sodium (SCPS) and zinc was subjected to mesophilic (37°C) anaerobic digestion (AD). The absolute abundances (AAs) of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) were evaluated, as well as intI1 and intI2, and the degradation of SCPS according to variation in the amount of bio-available zinc (bio-Zn). In digester that only contained SCPS, the concentrations of SCPS were lower than that digesters both contain SCPS and Zn. Compared with the control digester, the addition of SCPS increased the AAs of sul1, sul3, drfA1, and drfA7 by 1...
October 21, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908670/proteome-of-the-rete-testis-fluid-from-tropically-adapted-morada-nova-rams
#7
Mauricio Fraga van Tilburg, Solange Damasceno Sousa, Révila Bianca Ferreira de Melo, Frederico B Moreno, Ana Cristina Monteiro-Moreira, Renato A Moreira, Arlindo de Alencar Moura
The rete testis has a close relationship with sperm development and may have other functions besides serving as an intercalated channel. The aim of this study was to identify and characterize the proteins of rete testis fluid (RTF) from tropically-adapted Morada Nova rams. Testicles obtained from six Morada Nova rams were dissected and the head of the epididymis was separated to access the efferent ducts. Rete testis fluid was obtained by gentle massage of the testis. The fluid was centrifuged to remove cell debris and sperm...
November 22, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906686/investigation-of-collective-behaviour-and-electrocommunication-in-the-weakly-electric-fish-mormyrus-rume-through-a-biomimetic-robotic-dummy-fish
#8
Elisa Donati, Martin Worm, Stefano Mintchev, Marleen van der Wiel, Giovanni Benelli, Gerhard von der Emde, Cesare Stefanini
A robotic fish has been developed to create a mixed bio-hybrid system made up of weakly electric fish and a mobile dummy fish. Weakly electric fish are capable of interacting with each other via sequences of self-generated electric signals during electrocommunication. Here we present the design of an artificial dummy fish, which is subsequently tested in behavioural experiments. The robot consists of two parts: a flexible tail that can move at different frequencies and amplitudes, performing a carangiform oscillation, and a rigid head containing the motor for the tail oscillation...
December 1, 2016: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905661/artificial-cartilage-bio-matrix-formed-of-hyaluronic-acid-and-mg2-polyphosphate
#9
X Wang, M Ackermann, E Tolba, M Neufurth, F Wurm, Q Feng, S Wang, H C Schröder, W E Müller
Here we show that inorganic polyphosphate (polyP), a polyanionic metabolic regulator consisting of multiple phosphate residues linked by energy-rich phosphoanhydride bonds, is present in the synovial fluid. In a biomimetic approach, to enhance cartilage synthesis and regeneration, we prepared amorphous polyP microparticles with Mg2+ as counterions. The particles were characterised by X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) and Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopic (FTIR) analyses. Similar particles were obtained after addition of Mg2+ ions to a solution containing hyaluronic acid, as a major component of the synovial fluid, and soluble Na-polyP...
November 29, 2016: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901485/mir-146a-rs2910164-polymorphism-and-head-and-neck-carcinoma-risk-a-meta-analysis-based-on-10-case-control-studies
#10
Zhaolan Xiang, Jue Song, Xianlu Zhuo, Qi Li, Xueyuan Zhang
Two recent meta-analyses have been conducted on the relationship between miR-146a polymorphism (rs2910164) and head and neck cancer (HNC) risk. However, they have yielded conflicting results. Hence, the aim of the present study was to conduct a quantitative updated meta-analysis addressing this subject. Eligible studies up to Sep 2016 were retrieved and screened from the bio-databases and then essential data were extracted for data analysis. Next, subgroup analyses on ethnicity, source of controls, sample size, and genotyping method were also carried out...
November 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901170/bilayer-hydrogel-actuators-with-tight-interfacial-adhesion-fully-constructed-from-natural-polysaccharides
#11
Jiangjiang Duan, Xichao Liang, Kunkun Zhu, Jinhua Guo, Lina Zhang
Smart hydrogel actuators with excellent biocompatibility and biodegradation are extremely desired for biomedical applications. Herein, we have constructed bio-hydrogel actuators inspired by the bilayer structures of plant organs from chitosan and cellulose/carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) solution in an alkali/urea aqueous system containing epichlorohydrin (ECH) as a crosslinker, and demonstrated tight adhesion between two layers through strong electrostatic attraction and chemical crosslinking. The bilayer hydrogels with excellent mechanical properties could carry out rapid, reversible, and repeated self-rolling deformation actuated by pH-triggered swelling/deswelling, and transformed into rings, tubules, and flower-, helix-, bamboo-, and wave-like shapes by effectively designing the geometric shape and size...
November 30, 2016: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896925/design-synthesis-and-in-vitro-antiplasmodial-activity-of-some-bisquinolines-against-chloroquine-resistant-strain
#12
Srinivasarao Kondaparla, Pooja Agarwal, Kumkum Srivastava, Sunil K Puri, S B Katti
A series of novel bisquinoline compounds comprising, N(1) -(7-chloroquinolin-4-yl) ethane-1,2-diamine and 7-chloro-N-(2-(piperazin-1-yl)ethyl)quinolin-4-amine connected with 7-chloro-4-aminoquinoline containing various amino acids is described. We have bio-evaluated the compounds against both chloroquine-sensitive (3D7) and chloroquine-resistant (K1) strains of Plasmodium falciparum in vitro. Among the series, compounds 4 and 7 exhibited 1.8 and 10.6 fold superior activity as compared to chloroquine (CQ) (IC50 = 0...
November 29, 2016: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894041/valorization-of-exhausted-sugar-beet-cossettes-by-successive-hydrolysis-and-two-fermentations-for-the-production-of-bio-products
#13
A B Díaz, C Marzo, I Caro, I de Ory, A Blandino
Exhausted sugar beet cossettes (ESBC) show an enormous potential as a source of sugars for the production of bio-products. Enzyme hydrolysis with the combined effect of mainly cellulases, xylanases and pectinases, turned out to be very efficient, obtaining almost double the concentration of sugars measured with the sole action of Celluclast® and β-glucosidase, and increasing 5 times the hydrolysis rate. As the sole pretreatment, ESBC soaked in the hydrolysis buffer were autoclaved, avoiding the application of severe conventional biomass pretreatments...
November 19, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877881/crosslinked-duplex-dna-nanogels-that-target-specified-proteins
#14
Yasuhiko Iwasaki, Jun-Ichi Kondo, Akinori Kuzuya, Rui Moriyama
Specific detection of protein biomarkers plays an important role in diagnostics and therapeutics. We have fabricated polymeric nanogels, which can specifically interact with the cancer biomarker thrombin to serve as a model. Two types of 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) copolymers bearing a thrombin-binding oligonucleotide aptamer and its complementary chain were independently synthesized by redox-initiated radical polymerization. These MPC polymers associate in a complimentary fashion due to double strand formation of the oligonucleotides in aqueous media, leading to the spontaneous formation of spherical nanogels...
2016: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875763/production-of-bio-oil-and-biochar-from-soapstock-via-microwave-assisted-co-catalytic-fast-pyrolysis
#15
Leilei Dai, Liangliang Fan, Yuhuan Liu, Roger Ruan, Yunpu Wang, Yue Zhou, Yunfeng Zhao, Zhenting Yu
In this study, production of bio-oil and biochar from soapstock via microwave-assisted co-catalytic fast pyrolysis combining the advantages of in-situ and ex-situ catalysis was performed. The effects of catalyst and pyrolysis temperature on product fractional yields and bio-oil chemical compositions were investigated. From the perspective of bio-oil yield, the optimal pyrolysis temperature was 550°C. The use of catalysts reduced the water content, and the addition of bentonite increased the bio-oil yield. Up to 84...
November 9, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871321/biochemical-characterization-and-synergism-of-cellulolytic-enzyme-system-from-chaetomium-globosum-on-rice-straw-saccharification
#16
Wanwitoo Wanmolee, Warasirin Sornlake, Nakul Rattanaphan, Surisa Suwannarangsee, Navadol Laosiripojana, Verawat Champreda
BACKGROUND: Efficient hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials to sugars for conversion to biofuels and chemicals is a key step in biorefinery. Designing an active saccharifying enzyme system with synergy among their components is considered a promising approach. RESULTS: In this study, a lignocellulose-degrading enzyme system of Chaetomium globosum BCC5776 (CG-Cel) was characterized for its activity and proteomic profiles, and synergism with accessory enzymes. The highest cellulase productivity of 0...
November 21, 2016: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870996/design-and-performance-evaluation-of-a-1000-year-evapotranspiration-capillary-surface-barrier
#17
Zhuanfang Fred Zhang, Christopher E Strickland, Steven O Link
Surface barrier technology is used to isolate radioactive waste and to reduce or eliminate recharge water to the waste zone for 1000 years or longer. However, the design and evaluation of such a barrier is challenging because of the extremely long design life. After establishing a set of design and performance objectives, a package of design solutions was developed for 1000-year surface barriers over nuclear waste sites. The Prototype Hanford Barrier (PHB) was then constructed in 1994 in the field over an existing waste site as a demonstration...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861532/crystal-structure-and-pyridoxal-5-phosphate-binding-property-of-lysine-decarboxylase-from-selenomonas-ruminantium
#18
Hye-Young Sagong, Hyeoncheol Francis Son, Sunghwan Kim, Yong-Hwan Kim, Il-Kwon Kim, Kyung-Jin Kim
Lysine decarboxylase (LDC) is a crucial enzyme for acid stress resistance and is also utilized for the biosynthesis of cadaverine, a promising building block for bio-based polyamides. We determined the crystal structure of LDC from Selenomonas ruminantium (SrLDC). SrLDC functions as a dimer and each monomer consists of two distinct domains; a PLP-binding barrel domain and a sheet domain. We also determined the structure of SrLDC in complex with PLP and cadaverine and elucidated the binding mode of cofactor and substrate...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860284/microbial-synthesis-of-a-novel-terpolyester-p-la-co-3hb-co-3hp-from-low-cost-substrates
#19
Yilin Ren, Dechuan Meng, Linping Wu, Jinchun Chen, Qiong Wu, Guo-Qiang Chen
Polylactide (PLA) is a bio-based plastic commonly synthesized by chemical catalytic reaction using lactic acid (LA) as a substrate. Here, novel LA-containing terpolyesters, namely, P[LA-co-3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB)-co-3-hydroxypropionate (3HP)], short as PLBP, were successfully synthesized for the first time by a recombinant Escherichia coli harbouring polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase from Pseudomonas stutzeri (PhaC1Ps ) with 4-point mutations at E130D, S325T, S477G and Q481K, and 3-hydroxypropionyl-CoA (3HP-CoA) synthesis pathway from glycerol, 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA (3HB-CoA) as well as lactyl-CoA (LA-CoA) pathways from glucose...
November 17, 2016: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857539/inhibition-of-cronobacter-sakazakii-by-lactobacillus-acidophilus-n-v-er2-317-402
#20
Haykuhi Charchoghlyan, Heejun Kwon, Dong-Ju Hwang, Jong Suk Lee, Junsoo Lee, Myunghee Kim
Lactobacillus acidophilus n.v. Er2 317/402 strain Narine is known as a health beneficial functional probiotic culture and supplementary source of nutrition for newborns. In this study, in vitro antimicrobial activities of Narine-lyophilized (Narine-L), Narine-heat treated (Narine-HT), and Narine crude cell-free extract (Narine-CCFE) were evaluated against pathogen Cronobacter sakazakii (C. sakazakii) in agar as well as in a reconstituted powdered infant formula (RPIF) model. Inhibition zones of 30 mg Narine-L and Narine-HT were both 150 U, whereas inhibition zone of 30 mg Narine-CCFE was 200 U...
October 31, 2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
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