keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

antibiotics and cements

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785313/management-of-an-infected-nonunion-of-an-opening-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-with-2-stage-implantation-of-rotating-hinge-knee-prosthesis
#1
Sandrine Mariaux, Olivier Borens
Introduction: High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a frequent and effective treatment for unicompartmental gonarthritis. Only a few articles are focused on the treatment of infected nonunion. Patient and Method: A 50-year-old obese patient was operated on by medial opening-wedge HTO. She developed a painful nonunion treated by hardware removal, allograft, and plate fixation. However, the nonunion persisted. 2 years later, cellulitis appeared with an abscess adjacent to the HTO plate...
2018: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778591/complications-of-antibiotic-cement-spacers-used-for-shoulder-infections
#2
Edward G McFarland, Jorge Rojas, Jeremy Smalley, Amrut U Borade, Jacob Joseph
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to evaluate complications related to commercially available antibiotic cement spacers used in the treatment of shoulder infections. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of commercially available antibiotic spacers implanted in 53 patients (60 spacers) between April 2009 and October 2017 as part of a 2-stage treatment plan for infection at the site of a shoulder arthroplasty (n = 39), other (non-arthroplasty) shoulder surgery (n = 8), or primary shoulder infection without previous surgery (n = 6)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772991/reconstruction-plate-based-antibiotic-cement-spacers-clinical-outcomes-and-description-of-technique
#3
Aditya V Maheshwari, Robert Pivec, Roby Abraham, Qais Naziri
The standard of care for chronic deep peri-prosthetic hip infection is a two-stage exchange with placement of a temporary antibiotic cement spacer and treatment with intravenous antibiotics. Several commercially available cement spacer options exist. We report on a novel antibiotic spacer that may be an efficient, cost-effective alternative. Medical records of all patients treated for deep peri-prosthetic hip infection after total hip arthroplasty between 2004 and 2012 were reviewed. Each antibiotic spacer was constructed from a 12- to 16-hole recon plate bent to provide adequate soft tissue tension and a cement ball that matched the acetabulum...
2018: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770589/short-term-follow-up-of-antibiotic-loaded-articulating-cement-spacers-in-two-stage-revision-of-infected-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-series
#4
Meng-Qiang Tian, Xian-Teng Yang, Xiao-Bin Tian, Yun-Bo Sun, Yuan-Hui Duan, Li Sun
OBJECTIVE: Infection of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a rare but devastating complication. Two-stage revision is an effective treatment for late infected TKA. This study aimed to assess the short-term results of two-stage revision using articulating antibiotic-loaded spacers. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (10 men and 15 women) were diagnosed with late infections after TKA and treated with two-stage revision from April 2006 to August 2010; 19 of these patients had TKA for osteoarthritis and 6 for rheumatoid arthritis...
May 17, 2018: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763476/drug-induced-linear-iga-bullous-dermatosis-in-a-patient-with-a-vancomycin-impregnated-cement-spacer
#5
Kelsie Riemenschneider, Daren A Diiorio, John A Zic, Matthew R Livingood, Jo-David Fine, Jennifer G Powers, Jeffrey P Zwerner, Eric Tkaczyk
Linear IgA bullous dermatosis (LABD) is an autoimmune blistering rash caused by IgA autoantibodies against the epidermal basement membrane zone. It commonly is drug induced, often in association with systemic vancomycin. We report a case of a previously healthy 77-year-old man who developed a diffuse macular rash and hemorrhagic bullae on the left leg 10 days after placement of a vancomycin-impregnated cement spacer (VICS) during a revision knee arthroplasty and initiation of postoperative treatment with intravenous (IV) vancomycin...
April 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761068/antibiotic-containing-bone-substitute-in-major-hip-surgery-a-long-term-gentamicin-elution-study
#6
Mindaugas Stravinskas, Malin Nilsson, Peter Horstmann, Michael Mørk Petersen, Sarunas Tarasevicius, Lars Lidgren
Objectives: The objective is to present the antibiotic elution from a locally implanted gentamicin containing hydroxyapatite and calcium sulphate bone substitute with an extended follow up of 30 days. We also compare the pharmacokinetics of the ceramic bone substitute with a published study on gentamicin containing poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) bone cement used in primary total hip arthroplasty. Methods: Gentamicin release was measured in the urine for a month and the serum for 4 days in 10 patients operated for trochanteric hip fractures and 10 patients in uncemented hip revisions...
2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744425/preliminary-focus-on-the-mechanical-and-antibacterial-activity-of-a-pmma-based-bone-cement-loaded-with-gold-nanoparticles
#7
T Russo, A Gloria, R De Santis, U D'Amora, G Balato, A Vollaro, O Oliviero, G Improta, M Triassi, L Ambrosio
In total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip replacement (THR) the restoration of the normal joint function represents a fundamental feature. A prosthetic joint must be able to provide motions and to transmit functional loads. As reported in the literature, the stress distribution may be altered in bones after the implantation of a total joint prosthesis. Some scientific works have also correlated uncemented TKA to a progressive decrease of bone density below the tibial component. Antibiotic-loaded bone cements are commonly employed in conjunction with systemic antibiotics to treat infections...
September 2017: Bioactive Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704173/infection-following-percutaneous-vertebral-augmentation-with-polymethylmethacrylate
#8
Jae-Woo Park, Sang-Min Park, Hui Jong Lee, Choon-Ki Lee, Bong-Soon Chang, Hyoungmin Kim
Although the incidence of infection following vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty is rare, postoperative infection and cement augmentation in preexistent spondylitis can cause life-threatening complications in frail patients with notable comorbidities. In such cases, urgent culture and biopsy and the long-term use of proper antibiotics are necessary. PURPOSE: Infection following vertebral augmentation with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) is rare. We aimed to analyze 11 cases of pyogenic spondylitis and spondylodiscitis that occurred after vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty and to review similar cases in the literature...
April 27, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703041/effect-of-shape-on-bone-cement-polymerization-time-in-knee-joint-replacement-surgery
#9
Jung-Ro Yoon, Young-Rok Ko, Young-Soo Shin
BACKGROUND: Although many factors are known to influence the polymerization time of bone cement, it remains unclear which bone cement shape predicts the precise polymerization time. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether different cement shapes influenced polymerization time and to identify the relationship between cement shape and ambient operating theater temperature, relative humidity, and equilibration time. METHODS: Samples were gathered prospectively from 237 patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698308/corr-insights%C3%A2-are-sonication-cultures-of-antibiotic-cement-spacers-useful-during-second-stage-reimplantation-surgery-for-prosthetic-joint-infection
#10
Carl A Deirmengian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698291/csa-90-promotes-bone-formation-and-mitigates-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-infection-in-a-rat-open-fracture-model
#11
Rebecca Mills, Tegan L Cheng, Kathy Mikulec, Lauren Peacock, David Isaacs, Carl Genberg, Paul B Savage, David G Little, Aaron Schindeler
BACKGROUND: Infection of open fractures remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality to patients worldwide. Early administration of prophylactic antibiotics is known to improve outcomes; however, increasing concern regarding antimicrobial resistance makes finding new compounds for use in such cases a pressing area for further research. CSA-90, a synthetic peptidomimetic compound, has previously demonstrated promising antimicrobial action against Staphylococcus aureus in rat open fractures...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692850/rapid-bone-healing-after-intentional-replantation-of-a-molar-with-apical-actinomycosis
#12
Saeed Asgary, Leyla Roghanizadeh
Actinomycosis is a rare lesion of the jaws and may present as periapical pathosis; therefore, it is essential to be correctly diagnosed and managed. This case presentation describes management of a tooth with a symptomatic apical periodontitis caused by Actinomyces species supplemented with medicine prescription. A woman was referred for endodontic management of tooth #19. The tooth had a history of previous nonsurgical endodontic retreatment. Clinically, the tooth was very sensitive to percussion. Radiographic evaluation showed a large periapical lesion...
2018: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691168/predicting-failure-in-early-acute-prosthetic-joint-infection-treated-with-debridement-antibiotics-and-implant-retention-external-validation-of-the-klic-score
#13
Claudia A M Löwik, Paul C Jutte, Eduard Tornero, Joris J W Ploegmakers, Bas A S Knobben, Astrid J de Vries, Wierd P Zijlstra, Baukje Dijkstra, Alex Soriano, Marjan Wouthuyzen-Bakker
BACKGROUND: Debridement, antibiotics, and implant retention (DAIR) is a widely used treatment modality for early acute prosthetic joint infection (PJI). A preoperative risk score was previously designed for predicting DAIR failure, consisting of chronic renal failure (K), liver cirrhosis (L), index surgery (I), cemented prosthesis (C), and C-reactive protein >115 mg/L (KLIC). The aim of this study was to validate the KLIC score in an external cohort. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated patients with early acute PJI treated with DAIR between 2006 and 2016 in 3 Dutch hospitals...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614973/in-vitro-antibacterial-activity-of-bioactive-glass-s53p4-on-multiresistant-pathogens-causing-osteomyelitis-and-prosthetic-joint-infection
#14
Mateus Trinconi Cunha, Maria Aparecida Murça, Stanley Nigro, Giselle Burlamaqui Klautau, Mauro José Costa Salles
BACKGROUND: Conventional local treatment for medullary osteomyelitis (OM) includes insertion of antibiotic-loaded polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) cement. Nevertheless, PMMA may delivery irregular concentration of antibiotic to surrounding tissue. We aimed to compare the in vitro antibacterial activity of Bioactive Glass (BAG) S53P4, which is a compound showing local antibacterial activity, to that of antibiotic-loaded PMMA against multidrug resistant bacteria from OM isolates. METHODS: We studied convenience samples of multidrug resistant (MDR) microorganisms obtained from patients presenting OM and prosthetic joint infection (PJI)...
April 3, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610010/high-rate-of-positive-cultures-in-patients-referred-with-antibiotic-spacers-as-part-of-2-stage-exchange
#15
Kevin I Perry, Robert C Sproul, Rafael J Sierra, Matthew P Abdel, Thomas K Fehring, Arlen D Hanssen
BACKGROUND: Two-stage exchange for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains the gold standard treatment in North America. Occasionally, patients with knee PJI are referred for definitive management after resection and antibiotic spacer placement. Currently, little literature exists to suggest how these patients should be managed. The purpose of this study is to report the clinical outcomes of these patients. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 54 patients (54 knees) from 2000 to 2012 treated for PJI with initial TKA resection and spacer placement performed somewhere other than the definitive treatment center...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610009/selected-heat-sensitive-antibiotics-are-not-inactivated-during-polymethylmethacrylate-curing-and-can-be-used-in-cement-spacers-for-periprosthetic-joint-infection
#16
Alberto V Carli, Arvinth S Sethuraman, Samrath J Bhimani, Frederick P Ross, Mathias P G Bostrom
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic use in polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) spacers has historically been limited to those which are "heat-stable" and thus retain their antimicrobial properties after exposure to the high temperatures which occur during PMMA curing. METHODS: This study examines the requirement of "heat stability" by measuring temperatures of Palacos and Simplex PMMA as they cure inside commercial silicone molds of the distal femur and proximal tibia...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600219/femoral-osteomyelitis-presenting-as-a-pathologic-fracture-in-a-53-year-old-male-a-rare-case-report
#17
Nathan M Krebs, Ryan C Krebs, Amjad M Yaish
Introduction: Hematogenous osteomyelitis of long bones in immunocompetent adults is extremely rare and uncommonly presents as a pathological fracture. Case Report: A 53-year-old Caucasian male presented with an atraumatic mid-shaft femur fracture secondary to hematogenous osteomyelitis. The organism was found to be Streptococcus anginosus. The patient required multiple surgical debridements and was treated with an antibiotic-impregnated cement rod and external fixator along with IV Rocephin...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599035/what-is-the-role-of-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-sonication-in-periprosthetic-joint-infections
#18
REVIEW
Rita Hameister, Chin T Lim, Christoph H Lohmann, Wilson Wang, Gurpal Singh
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is one of the most dreaded complications in joint replacement surgery. Diagnosis and treatment can be difficult and biofilms are of major concern due to their low susceptibility toward antibiotics. METHODS: This review focuses on the use of sonication as an evolving diagnostic and adjunct treatment modality in the context of PJI. Therapeutic application of sonication is discussed separately for its (i) direct action on bacteria, (ii) synergistic effects with antibiotics, and (iii) effects on release of antibiotics from bone cement...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564297/treatment-of-proximal-femur-osteomyelitis-occurred-after-proximal-femoral-nail-antirotation-fixation-with-antibiotic-cement-coated-tibia-intramedullary-nail-a-case-report
#19
Jong Ho Noh, Sung Jun Koh, Kee Haeng Lee
Antibiotic cement-coated intramedullary nails maintain a locally high antibiotic concentration while contributing to bone stability. We present a case of femoral subtrochanteric fracture in a patient with an infected nonunion who was successfully treated for an infection and nonunion using an antibiotic cement-coated tibial intramedullary nail. A 79-year-old woman with a right femoral subtrochanteric fracture underwent internal fixation using proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA). She developed osteomyelitis with nonunion at the surgical site 10 months postoperatively...
March 2018: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560398/antibiotic-impregnated-total-femur-spacers-a-technical-tip
#20
Colin D Canham, Christopher P Walsh, Stephen J Incavo
Simultaneous prosthetic joint infection of ipsilateral hip and knee arthroplasties is often accompanied by significant bone loss and presents a challenging reconstructive problem. Two-stage reconstruction is favored and requires the placement of a total femur spacer, which is not a commercially available device. We describe a surgical technique, reporting on 2 cases in which a customized total femur antibiotic impregnated spacer was created by combining an articulating knee spacer and an articulating hip spacer with a reinforced cement dowel construct connecting the 2 spacers...
March 2018: Arthroplasty Today
keyword
keyword
60165
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"