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Annemette Wildfang Lykkebo, Henrik Christian Drue, Janni Uyen Hoa Lam, Rikke Guldberg
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to describe and to assess the size of labia minora in normal women, including the women's perception of their genitals to offer better counseling to the women seeking for labiaplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was undertaken in the outpatient clinic at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Kolding Medical Center between May 2012 and October 2013, when study participants were recruited in connection with their routine visits...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Christine A Hamori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Sarah C Sorice, Alexander Y Li, Francisco L Canales, Heather J Furnas
BACKGROUND: In recent years, labiaplasty has jumped in popularity, despite opposition to the procedure. In 2007, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists declared the recommendation of cosmetic vaginal procedures to be "untenable," although in 2016 they allowed consideration of labiaplasty in adolescents if symptoms persist. The reasons for labiaplasty requests are not yet fully understood, and physician opposition limits patient access to surgical relief. METHODS: In this prospective study, 50 consecutive patients consulting about labiaplasty were given a questionnaire assessing 11 physical and appearance-related symptoms associated with elongated labia...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Adam J Oppenheimer
Aesthetic vulvovaginal surgery has become the final frontier of cosmetic surgery. Accordingly, there has been an increased interest in plastic surgical procedures for the female genitalia. Labiaplasty is the most common among such procedures, and the number of practitioners and techniques has varied widely in the medical literature. This article will focus on the problems and pearls encountered by the author in treating enlargement of the labia minora and clitoral hood. The content will focus on the technical aspects of the labiaplasty surgery and ways to avoid common complications encountered during this procedure...
March 14, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Gemma Sharp, Marika Tiggemann, Julie Mattiske
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Caterina Gulia, Andrea Zangari, Vito Briganti, Zhoobin H Bateni, Alessandro Porrello, Roberto Piergentili
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We provide a review of the literature about the onset and development of hypertrophy of the labia minora, together with some expert opinions on the appropriateness of labiaplasty. METHODS: We searched PubMed and used popular search engines, with a greater emphasis on the physiology and hormone-mediated metabolism of these structures, and less emphasis on their surgical treatment. RESULTS: We describe major embryological, cytological, and biochemical features of this anatomical part and summarize the clinical aspects of its hypertrophy, evaluating types of discomfort reported by women and the medical treatments available...
January 18, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
Michael P Goodman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Gemma Sharp, Marika Tiggemann, Julie Mattiske
BACKGROUND: Although the demand for labiaplasty has increased rapidly over the past decade, little is known about the psychological outcomes of this procedure. In particular, there is a lack of prospective controlled studies to assess the effects of labiaplasty on women's psychological well-being and intimate relationship quality. Nor has research investigated whether preoperative patient characteristics predict satisfaction with surgery. METHODS: The current study used a prospective controlled design...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
P Bragagnini Rodríguez, N Álvarez García, Y González Ruiz, M Ruiz de Temiño, R Escartín Villacampa, N González Martínez-Pardo
OBJECIVE: Hypertrophy of labia minora in adolescence is a little known disease. However, the growing demand for the solution of this problem pushes us to include it in our clinical practice. We evaluated the aesthetic and functional results of labiaplasty using straight amputation of the protuberant tissue of the labial edges. METHODS: Patients treated by hypertrophy of labia minora were reviewed. We evaluated the results of aesthetic, functional and surgical complications...
October 10, 2015: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
Ellen Laan, Daphne K Martoredjo, Sara Hesselink, Nóinín Snijders, Rik H W van Lunsen
INTRODUCTION: Many women have doubts about the normality of the physical appearance of their vulvas. This study measured genital self-image in a convenience sample of college-educated women, and assessed whether exposure to pictures of natural vulvas influenced their genital self-image. METHOD: Forty-three women were either shown pictures of natural vulvas (N = 29) or pictures of neutral objects (N = 14). Genital self-image was measured before and after exposure to the pictures and two weeks later...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Christine A Hamori
Cosmetic genital surgery is on the rise not only in the realm of plastic surgery but also in that of gynecology. Young women below the age of 20 (millennial adolescents) now inquire about procedures to improve the appearance of their genitalia during their annual gynecological visits. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recently released recommendations for their members to better field cosmetic questions by this subset of patients. These guidelines, albeit somewhat restrictive, acknowledge the field of aesthetic vaginal surgery as a distinct entity for gynecologists...
July 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Michael P Goodman, Otto J Placik, David L Matlock, Alex F Simopoulos, Teresa A Dalton, David Veale, Susan Hardwick-Smith
BACKGROUND: Little prospective data exists regarding the procedures constituting female genital plastic/cosmetic surgery (FGPS). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the procedures of labiaplasty and vaginoperineoplasty improve genital self image, and evaluate effects on sexual satisfaction. METHODS: Prospective cohort case-controlled study of 120 subjects evaluated at baseline, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperative, paired with a demographically similar control group...
October 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
David B Sarwer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Gary J Alter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Gemma Sharp, Julie Mattiske, Kirsten I Vale
BACKGROUND: The demand for labiaplasty has increased rapidly over recent years; however, very little is known about the experiences women have undergoing this surgery or the subsequent effects it has on their well-being. OBJECTIVES: To explore women's reasons for undergoing labiaplasty, their expectations, and preoperative and postoperative experiences. METHODS: One-on-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 adult women who had undergone a labiaplasty procedure...
September 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
John G Hunter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Shahrooz Sean Kelishadi, Rawhi Omar, Nicole Herring, John Paul Tutela, Saeed Chowdhry, Ron Brooks, Bradon J Wilhelmi
BACKGROUND: Surgical techniques to alleviate labia minora hypertrophy are gaining popularity. Due to the rapidly growing number of labiaplasties performed around the world, there is concern for the safety of these procedures with respect to maintaining sensitivity to the genitalia and/or implications for sexual arousal. OBJECTIVES: An anatomic study aimed at identifying the nerve density distribution of the labia minora was performed to provide unique insight into performing labiaplasty while preserving sensation...
June 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Gemma Sharp, Marika Tiggemann, Julie Mattiske
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of women are undergoing labiaplasty procedures; however, very little is known about the psychological factors that motivate women to seek out this procedure. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the factors that influence women's decisions to undergo labiaplasty. METHODS: Women seeking to undergo labiaplasty (n = 35) were compared with women who were not (n = 30). Standardized measures were employed to assess the patients' media exposure (television, the Internet, advertising, pornography), relationship quality, and psychological well-being...
April 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Hayley Mowat, Karalyn McDonald, Amy Shields Dobson, Jane Fisher, Maggie Kirkman
BACKGROUND: Women considering female genital cosmetic surgery (FGCS) are likely to use the internet as a key source of information during the decision-making process. The aim of this systematic review was to determine what is known about the role of the internet in the promotion and normalisation of female genital cosmetic surgery and to identify areas for future research. METHODS: Eight social science, medical, and communication databases and Google Scholar were searched for peer-reviewed papers published in English...
2015: BMC Women's Health
Tristan Harding, Jenny Hayes, Magdalena Simonis, Meredith Temple-Smith
BACKGROUND: Labiaplasty, the surgical reduction of the labia minora, has significantly increased in demand in Australia. Although general practice is one gatekeeper for patients requesting labiaplasty, as a referral is necessary to claim Medicare entitlements, there is little information available to assist general practitioners (GPs) in managing these requests for female genital cosmetic surgery. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with health professionals, including GPs, gynaecologists and plastic surgeons...
2015: Australian Family Physician
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