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Davin Edric V. Adao, Ace O. Dela Serna, Maria Luz B. Belleza, Nicole R. Bolo, Windell L. Rivera
Blastocystis sp. is a commonly reported enteric protistan parasite in faecal specimens with a worldwide distribution afflicting both humans and a wide range of animals. The aim of this study is to characterize the subtypes (STs) of Blastocystis sp. isolates from asymptomatic individuals in an urban community in Pateros, Metro Manila, Philippines. The 600-bp small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) barcoding region of Blastocystis sp. isolates was amplified and sequenced using the primers RD5 and BhRDr. Subtypes were identified by uploading the sequences onto the Basic Local Alignment and Search Tool (BLAST) websites, the Blastocystis Subtype (18S) and Sequence Typing (MLST) Database and by construction of a phylogenetic tree...
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
Samseh Abdullah Noradilah, Ii Li Lee, Tengku Shahrul Anuar, Fatmah Md Salleh, Siti Nor Azreen Abdul Manap, Noor Shazleen Husnie Mohd Mohtar, Syed Muhamad Azrul, Wan Omar Abdullah, Norhayati Moktar
In the tropics, there are too few studies on isolation of Blastocystis sp. subtypes from water sources; in addition, there is also an absence of reported studies on the occurrence of Blastocystis sp. subtypes in water during different seasons. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine the occurrence of Blastocystis sp. subtypes in river water and other water sources that drained aboriginal vicinity of highly endemic intestinal parasitic infections during wet and dry seasons. Water samples were collected from six sampling points of Sungai Krau (K1-K6) and a point at Sungai Lompat (K7) and other water sources around the aboriginal villages...
2016: PeerJ
Funda Dogruman-Al, Christen Rune Stensvold, Hisao Yoshikawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Parasitology International
Fernando Salvador, Elena Sulleiro, Adrián Sánchez-Montalvá, Carmen Alonso, Javier Santos, Isabel Fuentes, Israel Molina
BACKGROUND: Blastocystis spp. are among the most frequently observed intestinal parasites in humans. Despite the discovery of Blastocystis approximately 100 years ago, limited information is available regarding its pathogenesis, genetic diversity, and available treatment options. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with Blastocystis sp. infections diagnosed at Vall d'Hebron University Hospital (Barcelona, Spain). METHODS: A retrospective observational study was performed which included all adult patients who attended Vall d'Hebron University Hospital from February 2009 to March 2014 that had Blastocystis sp...
October 14, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
Ismail Soner Koltas, Fadime Eroglu
Blastocystis is a common and emerging parasite often seen in many studies conducted in urban population, with scanty reports on rural communities. However, little is known about the public health significance of Blastocystis infection. A total of 28 Blastocystis isolates from 17 (17/28, 60.71%) patients living in rural area and 11 (11/28, 39.29%) patients living in urban area were screened with seven kinds of sequenced-tagged site primers for identification of subtype. PCR products were sequenced with same combination of primers using the BigDye Terminator V 3...
October 7, 2016: Experimental Parasitology
Heber Silva-Díaz, Lorena Flores-Esqueche, Dunalia Llatas-Cancino, Génesis Guevara Vásquez, Teresa Silva-García
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency and antiparasitic in vitro susceptibility of Blastocystis hominis in patients admitted to theHospital Regional Lambayeque, Peru. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to August 2015 at 313 patients of all ages. B. hominis detection was performed on serial fecal samples by direct microscopic examination and microculture in modified Locke solution. The in vitro susceptibility testing against the drug metronidazole, nitazoxanide, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and erythromycin was performed in 24 strains of B...
July 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
Valerio Iebba, Floriana Santangelo, Valentina Totino, Fabrizio Pantanella, Anatole Monsia, Veronica Di Cristanziano, David Di Cave, Serena Schippa, Federica Berrilli, Rossella D'Alfonso
INTRODUCTION: Literature data provide little information about protozoa infections and gut microbiota compositional shifts in humans. This preliminary study aimed to describe the fecal bacterial community composition of people from Côte d'Ivoire harboring Giardia duodenalis, Entamoeba spp., and Blastocystis hominis, in trying to discover possible alterations in their fecal microbiota structure related to the presence of such parasites. METHODOLOGY: Twenty fecal samples were collected from people inhabiting three different localities of Côte d'Ivoire for copromicroscopic analysis and molecular identification of G...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Fabio Macchioni, Higinio Segundo, Valentina Totino, Simona Gabrielli, Patricia Rojas, Mimmo Roselli, Grover Adolfo Paredes, Mario Masana, Alessandro Bartoloni, Gabriella Cancrini
INTRODUCTION: In 2013 a coproparasitological survey was carried out in two rural communities of the Bolivian Chaco to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) and to investigate on possible infection drivers through a questionnaire interview. METHODOLOGY: Faecal samples were examined by microscopy. Samples positive for Entamoeba histolytica complex and Blastocystis were molecularly examined to identify the species/subtypes involved. RESULTS: The overall infection rate was 86%, identical in both communities and mostly due to protozoa...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Liliana Simões-Silva, Inês Correia, Joana Barbosa, Carla Santos-Araujo, Maria João Sousa, Manuel Pestana, Isabel Soares-Silva, Benedita Sampaio-Maia
Currently, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem. Considering the impaired immunity of CKD patients, the relevance of infection in peritoneal dialysis (PD), and the increased prevalence of parasites in CKD patients, protozoa colonization was evaluated in PD effluent from CKD patients undergoing PD. Overnight PD effluent was obtained from 49 asymptomatic stable PD patients. Protozoa analysis was performed microscopically by searching cysts and trophozoites in direct wet mount of PD effluent and after staining smears...
September 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Attakorn Palasuwan, Duangdao Palasuwan, Aongart Mahittikorn, Rachatawan Chiabchalard, Valery Combes, Supaluk Popruk
Blastocystis is a common zoonotic enteric protozoan that has been classified into 17 distinct subtypes (STs). A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and subtype distributions of Blastocystis in villagers living along the Chao Phraya River, Ayutthaya Province, Thailand, and to assess the risk of zoonotic infection. In total, 220 stool samples were collected, and DNA was extracted. PCR and sequencing were performed with primers targeting the small-subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) genes...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
Adil Coskun, Erdogan Malatyali, Hatice Ertabaklar, Mustafa B Yasar, Ali O Karaoglu, Sema Ertug
OBJECTIVE: To determine Blastocystis frequency and subtypes (ST) in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients and analyse some laboratory findings between Blastocystis positive and negative cases. METHODS: Faecal samples from 150 UC patients in Adnan Menderes University, Training and Research Hospital were examined by direct microscopy and cultivated in Jones medium. Blastocystis positive cultures were subjected to DNA isolation and subtypes were identified by sequencing of barcode region...
September 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
C Nourrisson, I Wawrzyniak, A Cian, V Livrelli, E Viscogliosi, F Delbac, P Poirier
Blastocystis spp. pathogenic potential remains unclear as these anaerobic parasitic protozoa are frequently isolated from stools of both symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects. In silico analysis of the whole genome sequence of Blastocystis subtype 7 revealed the presence of numerous proteolytic enzymes including cysteine proteases predicted to be secreted. To assess the potential impact of proteases on intestinal cells and gut function, we focused our study on two cysteine proteases, a legumain and a cathepsin B, which were previously identified in Blastocystis subtype 7 culture supernatants...
November 2016: Parasitology
Rasool Jafari, Forough Sharifi, Bahram Bagherpour, Marzieh Safari
Intestinal parasites are important enteric pathogens. Poverty, low quality of food and water supply and poor sanitation systems are the important factors associated with intestinal parasitic infections. These kinds of infections can be a good index for hygienic and sanitation status of the society. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among humans referred to Dr. Sharifi Clinical Laboratory, Isfahan, Iran, 2014. In this cross sectional study, 652 fecal samples (286 males and 366 females) from humans who had stool examination test from January to August 2014 were chosen...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Catalina Ibarra, Valentina Herrera, Edith Pérez de Arce, Luis Carlos Gil, Ana María Madrid, Lucía Valenzuela, Caroll J Beltrán
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disorder of the gastrointestinal tract characterised by multi-factorial aetiology. In IBS physiopathology are involved diverse factors between them biological, psychosocial, and environmental components which affect the immune activation status of gut mucosa. Among these factors is recognized the intestinal parasitosis. Post-infection IBS (PI-IBS) is recognised as a subgroup of functional disorders whose symptoms onset appear after a symptomatic intestinal infection caused by microbial agents...
June 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Serhat Uysal, Varol Tunalı, Eylem Akdur Öztürk, Ömür Ardeniz, Meltem Işıkgöz Taşbakan, Hüsnü Pullukçu, Seray Özensoy Töz, Nevin Turgay, Bilgin Arda
OBJECTIVE: Parasites might cause atypical and severe infections in immunocompromised hosts. The prevalence of diarrhea among common variable immune deficiency (CVID) syndrome patients varies between 20% and 94%, which indicates that diarrhea and gastrointestinal system (GIS) complaints could be the second leading cause of morbidity in CVID patients after respiratory tract infections. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of intestinal parasites in CVID patients with GIS complaints and diarrhea...
June 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Robyn Nagel, Rebecca J Traub, Richard J N Allcock, Marcella M S Kwan, Helle Bielefeldt-Ohmann
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the carriage of Blastocystis in IBS patients was associated with differences in the faecal microbiota. Forty patients with diarrhoea-predominant IBS (26 Blastocystis-positive and 14 Blastocystis-negative) and 57 healthy controls (HC) (42 Blastocystis-positive and 15 Blastocystis-negative) submitted faecal samples for metataxonomic analysis of the 16S ribosomal RNA gene. Differences in the relative abundance of bacteria in these IBS and HC groups were evaluated from phylum to genus level...
2016: Microbiome
Dima El Safadi, Amandine Cian, Céline Nourrisson, Bruno Pereira, Christelle Morelle, Patrick Bastien, Anne-Pauline Bellanger, Françoise Botterel, Ermanno Candolfi, Guillaume Desoubeaux, Laurence Lachaud, Florent Morio, Christelle Pomares, Meja Rabodonirina, Ivan Wawrzyniak, Frédéric Delbac, Nausicaa Gantois, Gabriela Certad, Laurence Delhaes, Philippe Poirier, Eric Viscogliosi
BACKGROUND: Blastocystis sp. is the most common intestinal parasite of humans. Despite its potential public health impact, epidemiological data regarding the prevalence and molecular subtype distribution of Blastocystis sp. in Europe are rarely reported. Therefore, the first multi-center epidemiological survey performed in Europe was conducted in France to diagnose and subtype Blastocystis sp. and to identify risk factors for infection. METHODS: Stool samples from 788 patients were collected either in summer or winter in 11 hospitals throughout France together with patient data...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Pauline D Scanlan, Rob Knight, Se Jin Song, Gail Ackermann, Paul D Cotter
The human gut is host to a diversity of microorganisms including the single-celled microbial eukaryote Blastocystis. Although Blastocystis has a global distribution, there is dearth of information relating to its prevalence and diversity in many human populations. The mode of Blastocystis transmission to humans is also insufficiently characterised, however, it is speculated to vary between different populations. Here we investigated the incidence and genetic diversity of Blastocystis in a US population and also the possibility of Blastocystis human-human transmission between healthy individuals using family units (N=50) living in Boulder, Colorado as our sample-set...
August 18, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Ayse Seyer, Djursun Karasartova, Emrah Ruh, Ayse Semra Güreser, Turgut Imir, Aysegul Taylan-Ozkan
PCR and DNA sequencing are currently the diagnostic methods of choice for detection of Blastocystis spp. and their suptypes. Fresh or frozen stool samples have disadvantages in terms of several aspects such as transportation, storage, and existence of PCR inhibitors. Filter paper technology may provide a solution to these issues. The aim of the present study was to detect Blastocystis spp. and their subtypes by employing two different preservation methods: conventional frozen stool (FS) and dried stool spots on filter paper (DSSFP)...
August 17, 2016: Parasitology Research
Romain Derelle, Purificación López-García, Hélène Timpano, David Moreira
Stramenopiles or heterokonts constitute one of the most speciose and diverse clades of protists. It includes ecologically important algae (such as diatoms or large multicellular brown seaweeds), as well as heterotrophic (e.g., bicosoecids, MAST groups) and parasitic (e.g., Blastocystis, oomycetes) species. Despite their evolutionary and ecological relevance, deep phylogenetic relationships among stramenopile groups, inferred mostly from small-subunit rDNA phylogenies, remain unresolved, especially for the heterotrophic taxa...
November 2016: Molecular Biology and Evolution
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