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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679890/evaluation-and-determination-of-soil-remediation-schemes-using-a-modified-ahp-model-and-its-application-in-a-contaminated-coking-plant
#1
Xingang Li, Jia Li, Hong Sui, Lin He, Xingtao Cao, Yonghong Li
Soil remediation has been considered as one of the most difficult pollution treatment tasks due to its high complexity in contaminants, geological conditions, usage, urgency, etc. The diversity in remediation technologies further makes quick selection of suitable remediation schemes much tougher even the site investigation has been done. Herein, a sustainable decision support hierarchical model has been developed to select, evaluate and determine preferred soil remediation schemes comprehensively based on modified analytic hierarchy process (MAHP)...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678207/risk-factors-associated-with-short-term-mortality-changes-over-time-after-arrival-to-the-emergency-department
#2
Camilla Nørgaard Bech, Mikkel Brabrand, Søren Mikkelsen, Annmarie Lassen
BACKGROUND: Preventing death is the most important outcome pursued in the Emergency Department. Prompt accurate assessment, followed by competent and efficient investigation and treatment is the recipe sought. Abnormal physiological measurements are common antecedents to deterioration and therefore a cornerstone in many risk stratification tools. Some risk factors have their impact during the first few days after admittance, others have higher impact on 30 day mortality. Understanding the variance in impact of risk factors is relevant for future composition of risk stratification models...
April 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677312/urgency-to-end-newborn-deaths
#3
M J Friedrich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677275/annals-story-slam-perspectives-and-urgency
#4
Yasmina Arroyo-Jimenez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675556/patients-perspectives-on-urethral-bulk-injection-therapy-and-mid-urethral-sling-surgery-for-stress-urinary-incontinence
#5
Fenne M Casteleijn, Sandra E Zwolsman, Claudia R Kowalik, Jan-Paul P W R Roovers
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to identify all treatment decision factors that determined the preference for peri-urethral bulk injection therapy (PBI) or mid-urethral sling (MUS) surgery in patients with primary stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Second, we explored what patients expect from treatment for SUI and whether patients would consider PBI as a primary treatment option. METHODS: In a qualitative design, 20 semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted in women with primary SUI...
April 19, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674144/aggregation-and-transport-of-rutile-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-with-montmorillonite-and-diatomite-in-the-presence-of-phosphate-in-porous-sand
#6
Peng Guo, Nan Xu, Duo Li, Xinxing Huangfu, Zuling Li
Crop soil is inevitably contaminated by the excess of phosphate (P) fertilizers. A large amount of nanoparticle titanium dioxide (nTiO2 ) entered soils as well due to the wide use of engineered nanomaterials. It is of great urgency and a high priority to investigate the mechanisms of nTiO2 deposition with the presence of P in crop soils. This study investigated the transport behavior of (1.0 g L-1 ) rutile nTiO2 with two representative clay particles (montmorillonite or diatomite) in the presence of P through the saturated quartz sand...
April 10, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673676/did-surgical-failure-and-complications-affect-incontinence-related-quality-of-life-in-women-after-transobturator-sling-procedure
#7
Wen-Chu Huang, Hui-Hsuan Lau, Tsung-Hsien Su
OBJECTIVE: To report the objective outcome, subjective measurement of incontinence-related quality of life (QoL) for female urodynamic stress incontinence (USI) after transobturator sling surgery (TVT-O) and to evaluate the effects of surgical failure and complications on QoL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the data from women who underwent TVT-O for USI and completed two validated QoL questionnaires, the Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6) and Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7) preoperatively and at least 12 months postoperatively...
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672906/do-brain-structural-abnormalities-differentiate-separate-forms-of-urgency-urinary-incontinence
#8
Becky D Clarkson, Derek Griffiths, Neil M Resnick
AIMS: Urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) is a major problem for seniors. The underlying mechanisms of disease and therapy are unknown. We sought structural brain abnormalities that might underlie the functional differences previously observed by functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging in UUI patients versus controls, or among UUI responders versus non-responders to therapy-and thereby reveal potential disease mechanisms and therapeutic targets. METHODS: Secondary study of a trial of biofeedback-assisted pelvic floor muscle training (BFB) in 60 women (>60 yrs) with UUI, plus 11 age-matched continent controls...
April 19, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672468/investigating-the-extent-realistic-moulage-impacts-on-immersion-and-performance-among-undergraduate-paramedicine-students-in-a-simulation-based-trauma-scenario-a-pilot-study
#9
Brennen W Mills, Alecka K Miles, Tina Phan, Peggy M C Dykstra, Sara S Hansen, Andrew S Walsh, David N Reid, Claire Langdon
INTRODUCTION: Many healthcare education commentators suggest that moulage can be used in simulation to enhance scenario realism. However, few studies investigate to what extent using moulage in simulation impacts learners. We undertook a mixed-methods pilot study investigating how moulage influences student immersion and performance in simulation. METHODS: Fifty undergraduate paramedicine students were randomized into two groups completing a trauma-based scenario with or without patient moulage...
April 18, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672306/effects-of-bladder-training-and-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-in-female-patients-with-overactive-bladder-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Raheela Mohsin Rizvi, Novera Ghayoor Chughtai, Naheed Kapadia
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to see the efficacy of 3 different modes of treatment for overactive bladder (OAB) in symptoms reduction and quality of life improvement. METHODS: We conducted a 12-week single-blinded randomized controlled trial of women aged 22-65 years with clinical diagnosis of OAB. Arm A (n = 47) received bladder training, arm B (n = 50) received pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT), and arm C (n = 50) received PFMT with biofeedback. Bladder diary was used to assess the difference in urinary frequency, urgency, and leak accidents before and after treatment...
April 19, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667744/intraurethral-erbium-yag-laser-for-the-management-of-urinary-symptoms-of-genitourinary-syndrome-of-menopause-a-pilot-study
#11
Adrian Gaspar, Sandra Maestri, Joaquin Silva, Hugo Brandi, Daniel Luque, Neža Koron, Zdenko Vižintin
OBJECTIVES: Genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) combines the conditions of vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA) and urinary tract dysfunction, which is a result of urethral atrophy. There are several treatment methods available for the management of vulvovaginal symptoms of GSM, whereas urinary tract dysfunction often remains overlooked and undertreated. The objective of this pilot study was to assess the safety and efficacy of intraurethral Er:YAG laser treatment of urinary symptoms of GSM...
April 18, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665376/insect-cell-produced-recombinant-protein-subunit-vaccines-protect-against-zika-virus-infection
#12
Panke Qu, Wei Zhang, Dapeng Li, Chao Zhang, Qingwei Liu, Xueyang Zhang, Xuesong Wang, Wenlong Dai, Yongfen Xu, Qibin Leng, Jin Zhong, Xia Jin, Zhong Huang
Infection with Zika virus (ZIKV) may lead to severe neurologic disorders. It is of significant importance and urgency to develop safe and effective vaccines to prevent ZIKV infection. Here we report the development of ZIKV subunit vaccines based on insect cell-produced recombinant proteins. The N-terminal approximately 80% region (designated as E80) and the domain III (designated as EDIII) of ZIKV envelope (E) protein were efficiently produced as secreted proteins in a Drosophila S2 cell expression system. Both E80 and EDIII could inhibit ZIKV infection in vitro, suggesting that they may have folded properly to display native conformations...
April 14, 2018: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664184/review-article-a-scoping-review-of-physiotherapists-in-the-adult-emergency-department
#13
REVIEW
Giovanni E Ferreira, Adrian C Traeger, Chris G Maher
To provide an overview of the literature that considers physiotherapists working in the ED in relation to their roles, training levels, patient profile, safety, effectiveness, efficiency, cost-effectiveness and the provision of low-value care. We performed a scoping review of the literature. Four databases (PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL and Cochrane CENTRAL) were searched from their inception to December 2016 and we updated searches on PubMed in September 2017. Two reviewers independently screened studies for eligibility...
April 17, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664113/peripartum-management-of-hla-alloimmune-platelet-refractoriness
#14
Jeremy Ryan Peña, Leanna Sudhof, Barbara O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Platelet (PLT) refractoriness presents a challenging problem for transfusion support, especially in the perioperative setting, where there is urgency for human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-compatible units, yet identification and provision of compatible PLT concentrates requires time. CASE REPORT: A 22-year-old G3P1 woman with thrombocytopenia due to aplastic anemia, likely autoimmune, presented in her third trimester for peripartum care and newly diagnosed HLA alloimmune PLT refractoriness...
April 17, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663468/problematic-eating-behaviors-and-psychopathology-in-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-the-mediating-role-of-loss-of-control-eating
#15
Eva M Conceição, Marta de Lourdes, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Ana Rita Vaz, Isabel Brandão, Sofia Ramalho
OBJECTIVE: This study compares different problematic eating behaviors (PEBs; objective [OBE]/subjective [SBE] binge-eating and compulsive [CG]/noncompulsive [NCG] grazing) in relation to the severity of loss of control (LOC) and psychopathology. We also investigate LOC as a mediator between PEBs and psychopathology. METHOD: This cross-sectional study assessed a group of patients before bariatric surgery (n = 163), and a group of bariatric patients 12 months or more after surgery (n = 131)...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662101/gymnosperms-on-the-edge
#16
Félix Forest, Justin Moat, Elisabeth Baloch, Neil A Brummitt, Steve P Bachman, Steffi Ickert-Bond, Peter M Hollingsworth, Aaron Liston, Damon P Little, Sarah Mathews, Hardeep Rai, Catarina Rydin, Dennis W Stevenson, Philip Thomas, Sven Buerki
Driven by limited resources and a sense of urgency, the prioritization of species for conservation has been a persistent concern in conservation science. Gymnosperms (comprising ginkgo, conifers, cycads, and gnetophytes) are one of the most threatened groups of living organisms, with 40% of the species at high risk of extinction, about twice as many as the most recent estimates for all plants (i.e. 21.4%). This high proportion of species facing extinction highlights the urgent action required to secure their future through an objective prioritization approach...
April 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659009/state-of-the-science-interprofessional-approaches-to-aging-dementia-and-mental-health
#17
Timothy W Farrell, Marilyn K Luptak, Katherine P Supiano, James T Pacala, Rosalind De Lisser
Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential to develop the healthcare workforce of the future. Geriatrics healthcare professionals have long championed innovations in IPE and patient care, but there is increased urgency to address challenges in aging, dementia, and geriatric mental health in America. In 2010, the Partnership for Health in Aging multidisciplinary competencies and a related position statement in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society addressed interdisciplinary team (IDT) training in geriatrics...
April 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657953/factors-affecting-follow-up-compliance-in-patients-after-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#18
Patrick T Jasinski, Nicos Labropoulos, Olympia G Christoforatos, Apostolos K Tassiopoulos
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate potential factors affecting patient non-compliance after endovascular aneurysm repair. Method: We performed a retrospective review of patients undergoing elective or emergency endovascular repair for thoracic, abdominal aorta, or iliac artery aneurysm at a single institution from November 2007 to March 2014. Compliance to follow-up at 1, 6, and 12 months was assessed. Factors evaluated included patient demographics, size of aneurysm, distance between the patient's residence and outpatient clinic, urgency of surgery, and time of year in which the follow-up visits were scheduled...
October 2017: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656953/-cesarean-after-labor-induction-risk-factors-and-prediction-score
#19
B Branger, V Dochez, S Gervier, N Winer
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to determine the risk factors for caesarean section at the time of labor induction, to establish a prediction algorithm, to evaluate its relevance and to compare the results with observation. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out over a year at Nantes University Hospital with 941 cervical ripening and labor inductions (24.1%) terminated by 167 caesarean sections (17.8%). Within the cohort, a case-control study was conducted with 147 caesarean sections and 148 vaginal deliveries...
April 12, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656711/the-fierce-urgency-of-now-improving-outcomes-for-justice-involved-people-with-serious-mental-illness-and-substance-misuse
#20
Glenda Wrenn, Brian McGregor, Mark Munetz
People with serious mental illness are more likely to be arrested multiple times for the same crime, spend more time in jail before adjudication, serve longer sentences, and have higher recidivism rates than those without mental illness. Several conceptual foundations, such as the sequential intercept model and the risk-needs-responsivity model, have been developed to help communities address the overrepresentation of people with mental illness in the criminal justice system. The Stepping Up Initiative is a national effort to enlist counties to commit to reduce the number of people with mental illness in their jails...
April 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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