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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474972/risk-factors-for-fecal-urgency-among-individuals-with-and-without-diarrhea-based-on-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#1
Vikram Rangan, Shuji Mitsuhashi, Prashant Singh, Sarah Ballou, William Hirsch, Thomas Sommers, Judy Nee, Johanna Iturrino, Anthony Lembo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Fecal urgency is a common symptom among patients with gastrointestinal disorders, but can also occur in healthy individuals with normal bowel habits. There have been few studies of fecal urgency in the general population. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data from the National Health and Nurition Examination Survey (NHANES) to analyze the prevalence of and risk factors for this symptom. METHODS: We analyzed data from 4,676 persons who completed the Bowel Health Questionnaire from the NHANES, from 2009 through 2010...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474284/pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-urinary-incontinence-in-women-after-bariatric-surgery-5-year-follow-up
#2
Iwona Gabriel, Ali Tavakkoli, Vatche A Minassian
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine if weight loss surgery is associated with decreased prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) symptoms. METHODS: A survey was conducted among previously morbidly obese women who underwent bariatric surgery at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston from 2007 to 2015. In addition to the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory 20, we collected demographic and clinical data including symptoms of and treatment for UI and POP before surgery...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473682/associations-of-postoperative-mortality-with-the-time-of-day-week-and-year
#3
F Kork, C Spies, T Conrad, B Weiss, T Roenneberg, K-D Wernecke, F Balzer
Studies that have investigated circadian, weekday and seasonal variation in postoperative mortality have been relatively small or have been for scheduled surgery. We retrospectively tested a large mixed surgical cohort from a German tertiary care university hospital for the presence of cyclical variation in all-cause in-hospital mortality after operations performed between 2006 and 2013. We analysed mortality rates after 247,475 operations, adjusted for age, sex, comorbidities, location, urgency and duration of the surgery, and intra-operative blood transfusions...
February 23, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473382/a-randomized-multicenter-controlled-study-comparing-efficacy-and-safety-of-a-new-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-versus-solifenacin-succinate-in-women-with-overactive-bladder-syndrome
#4
Carlo Vecchioli-Scaldazza, Carolina Morosetti, Serena Maruccia, Stefano Casellato, Wilma Rociola, Ester Illiano, Francesco Garofalo
INTRODUCTION: To assess efficacy and tolerability of a new complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) consisting of vitamins (C and D), herbal products (cucurbita maxima, capsicum annum, polygonum capsicatum) and amino acid L-Glutammina, in the treatment of female Overactive Bladder syndrome (OAB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 90 consecutive women with OAB symptoms were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, controlled study. Women were divided randomly into two groups of 45 patients each...
December 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473381/effectiveness-on-mild-stress-and-mixed-urinary-incontinence-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-of-a-phytotherapic-product-containing-astragalus-thyme-lavender-hop-equisetum-red-clover-cypress-and-agrimonia-at-titrated-concentrations-results-from-a-monocentric-study
#5
Oreste Risi, Michele Manica, Rocca Carmela Lisanti, Antonio Manfredi, Giuseppe Romeo Tecci
OBJECTIVES: To assess any beneficial effect on quality of life of a daily treatment with a phytotherapic product containing astragalus, thyme, lavender, hop, equisetum, red clover, cypress and agrimonia at titrated concentrations in a cohort of female patients complaining mild stress urinary incontinence (SUI) or mixed urinary incontinence (MUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 42 non-consecutive female out-patients with mild SUI or mild MUI were assessed with a clinical evaluation, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form (ICIQ-SF) and Patients' Perception of Intensity of Urgency Scale (PPIUS) at baseline the start of the study and after two months of therapy with the phytotherapic product...
December 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473309/efficacy-of-mirabegron-for-overactive-bladder-with-human-t-cell-lymphotropic-virus-1-associated-myelopathy
#6
Tomohiro Matsuo, Yasuyoshi Miyata, Tatsufumi Nakamura, Katsuya Satoh, Hideki Sakai
OBJECTIVE: Mirabegron is widely considered as an effective and safe drug for patients with overactive bladder (OAB). However, there is no evidence regarding the efficacy of mirabegron in human T cell lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) patients with OAB symptoms. The aim of the present study was to clarify the efficacy of mirabegron in HAM/TSP patients with OAB symptoms. METHODS: The present study evaluated the efficacy of mirabegron treatment (50 mg, once daily) in nineteen HAM/TSP patients with OAB symptoms by assessing subjective symptoms using the overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS) and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) before and 12 weeks after administration...
February 22, 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471344/cross-border-issues-an-important-component-of-onchocerciasis-elimination-programmes
#7
Simon Bush, Yao Sodahlon, Philip Downs, Charles D Mackenzie
Endemic areas that involve national or local borders present an important challenge to the success of elimination of onchocerciasis; such cross-border endemic foci require special attention to ensure that programme activities are unified. It is vital that national programmes and the committees responsible for the oversight of progress towards elimination are aware and address such issues in their current planning and programmatic activities. Although international borders that intersect endemic zones present the biggest challenge, intracountry borders (such as between administrative districts or loiasis endemic and non-loiasis areas) can also pose problems...
March 1, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465566/acupuncture-for-adults-with-overactive-bladder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Yuwei Zhao, Jing Zhou, Qian Mo, Yang Wang, Jinna Yu, Zhishun Liu
BACKGROUND: Overactive bladder is stated as the occurrence of urinary urgency which will cause negative impacts and decrease patients' health-related quality of life. The aim of this systematic review is to assess the efficiency and safety of acupuncture for adults with overactive bladder (OAB) comparing with sham-acupuncture, drugs, and acupuncture plus drugs. METHODS: We independently searched 9 databases from beginning to August 15, 2017. Two writers extracted data at the same time independently...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463969/sexual-dysfunction-in-interstitial-cystitis
#9
REVIEW
Senol Tonyali, Mehmet Yilmaz
Background/Aims: Interstitial cystitis (IC)/bladder pain syndrome (BPS) is a debilitating disease characterized with urgency, frequency, and pelvic pain affecting especially women. Sexual dysfunction in female patients with IC/BPS consists of dyspareunia, altered sexual desire and orgasm frequency and insufficient lubrication is reported to negatively affect the patient's quality of life. In the present study, we aimed to determine the association between IC/BPS and sexual dysfunction and improvement in sexual dysfunction related to given treatments...
November 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463654/emergence-of-an-extensively-drug-resistant-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhi-clone-harboring-a-promiscuous-plasmid-encoding-resistance-to-fluoroquinolones-and-third-generation-cephalosporins
#10
Elizabeth J Klemm, Sadia Shakoor, Andrew J Page, Farah Naz Qamar, Kim Judge, Dania K Saeed, Vanessa K Wong, Timothy J Dallman, Satheesh Nair, Stephen Baker, Ghazala Shaheen, Shahida Qureshi, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Muhammad Khalid Saleem, Zahra Hasan, Gordon Dougan, Rumina Hasan
Antibiotic resistance is a major problem in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi, the causative agent of typhoid. Multidrug-resistant (MDR) isolates are prevalent in parts of Asia and Africa and are often associated with the dominant H58 haplotype. Reduced susceptibility to fluoroquinolones is also widespread, and sporadic cases of resistance to third-generation cephalosporins or azithromycin have also been reported. Here, we report the first large-scale emergence and spread of a novel S Typhi clone harboring resistance to three first-line drugs (chloramphenicol, ampicillin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole) as well as fluoroquinolones and third-generation cephalosporins in Sindh, Pakistan, which we classify as extensively drug resistant (XDR)...
February 20, 2018: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463452/-asymmetries-in-the-hospital-treatment-of-acute-ischemic-stroke
#11
Á Estella, F Aranda Aguilar, R Alonso Avilés, M Liñán López, B Gros Bañeres
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the degree of implementation of the protocolized care for acute stroke in the Spanish emergency departments and to discuss the territorial differences in the treatment of stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Multicenter national survey conducted to evaluate the current treatment of ischemic stroke in emergency departments. The main variables analyzed were focused at evaluating the participation of ERs in the performance of thrombolysis, interventional treatment and destination of patients with stroke...
February 17, 2018: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463418/amount-and-distribution-of-benthic-marine-litter-along-sardinian-fishing-grounds-cw-mediterranean-sea
#12
Alvito Andrea, Bellodi Andrea, Cau Alessandro, Moccia Davide, Mulas Antonello, Palmas Francesco, Pesci Paola, Follesa Maria Cristina
Reports of marine litter pollution first appeared in scientific literature of the early 1970s; yet, more than 40 years later, no rigorous estimates exist of the amount of litter existing in the marine environment. To cope with this global urgency, this study reports the status of marine litter abundance along fishing grounds surrounding the island of Sardinia (CW Mediterranean Sea; FAO Geographical Sub-Area 11) through three years of trawl surveys. A total of 302 hauls, covering a total of 18.4 km2 of trawled surface were carried out in the framework of the MEDITS campaign, at depths comprised between 0 and 800 m...
February 17, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462773/unmatched-speed-perceptions-between-overground-and-treadmill-manual-wheelchair-propulsion-in-long-term-manual-wheelchair-users
#13
Félix Chénier, Audrey Champagne, Guillaume Desroches, Dany H Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Manual wheelchair (MWC) propulsion is increasingly assessed on a motorized treadmill (TM), which is often considered more ecologically valid than stationary rollers. However, no clear consensus on the similarities between overground (OG) and TM propulsion has yet been reached. Furthermore, no study has investigated the participants' perceptions of propelling a MWC on a TM compared to OG. RESEARCH QUESTION: The present study aims to assess the perception of speed when propelling on a TM vs OG, and to relate this perception to measured spatiotemporal variables, kinetics and work...
February 12, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462335/five-year-experience-using-the-lung-allocation-score-the-munich-lung-transplant-group
#14
Barbara Schuba, Miriam Scheklinski, Vera von Dossow, Christian Schneider, Gerhard Preissler, Nikolaus Kneidinger, Claus Neurohr, Sebastian Michel, Christian Hagl, Rene Schramm
OBJECTIVES: The Lung Allocation Score (LAS) was implemented in Germany on 10 December 2011 after demonstrating favourable outcomes in the USA since its introduction in 2005. There are only limited and short-term data on the effect of the LAS on lung transplantation programmes in Germany. The purpose of this study was to analyse our 5-year single-centre experience with the LAS within the influential area of the Eurotransplant Foundation (ET). METHODS: After implementation of the LAS until December 2016, 294 patients underwent a single-lung transplantation or a bilateral sequential lung transplantation for end-stage lung disease at our centre...
February 15, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461235/-relationships-between-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-components-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-kazakhstani-population
#15
K Sadykova, Zh Shalkharova, G Nuskabayeva, M Zhunissova, K Madenbay
The urgency of the problem of metabolic syndrome (MS) is due to the high prevalence and risk of developing cardiovascular complications. Purpose of the study - to investigate the degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet of the studied sample using the MedDietScore (MDS) questionnaire and to assess the association of score of MDS with the components of metabolic syndrome. A cross-sectional study was conducted, during which a clinical, laboratory examination and questioning of 839 patients was carried out...
January 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461044/antibiotic-susceptibility-determination-within-one-cell-cycle-at-single-bacterium-level-by-stimulated-raman-metabolic-imaging
#16
Weili Hong, Caroline W Karanja, Nader S Abutaleb, Waleed Younis, Xueyong Zhang, Mohamed N Seleem, Ji-Xin Cheng
The widespread use of antibiotics has significantly increased the number of resistant bacteria, which has also increased the urgency of rapid bacterial detection and profiling their antibiotic response. Current clinical methods for antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST) rely on culture and require at least 16 to 24 h to conduct. Therefore, there is an urgent need for a rapid method that can test the susceptibility of bacteria in a culture-free manner. Here we demonstrate a rapid AST method by monitoring the glucose metabolic activity of live bacteria at the single cell level with hyperspectral stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) imaging...
February 20, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457861/promoted-fixation-of-molecular-nitrogen-with-surface-oxygen-vacancies-on-plasmon-enhanced-tio2-photoelectrodes
#17
Chengcheng Li, Tuo Wang, Zhi-Jian Zhao, Weimin Yang, Jianfeng Li, Ang Li, Zhilin Yang, Geoffrey A Ozin, Jinlong Gong
A hundred years on energy-intensive Haber-Bosch process continuously turn the nitrogen in air into fertilizer, nourishing billions of people while causing pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. The urgency of mitigating climate change motivates people to progress towards a more sustainable way in fixing nitrogen based on clean energy. Surface oxygen vacancies (surface Ovac) hold great potential for N2 adsorption and activation, but introducing Ovac on the very surface without affecting bulk properties remains a great challenge...
February 19, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457326/associations-between-adolescent-risk-for-restrictive-disordered-eating-and-long-term-outcomes-related-to-somatic-symptoms-body-mass-index-and-poor-well-being
#18
Evelina Landstedt, Anne Hammarström, A Kate Fairweather-Schmidt, Tracey Wade
OBJECTIVE: To date, no longitudinal, community-based studies have examined the association between disordered eating emerging in adolescence and long-term physical well-being. This study sought to explore the longitudinal associations between risk for restrictive disordered eating (DE-R; those not presenting with binge-purge symptoms) in adolescence and trajectories of functional somatic symptoms (FSS) and body mass index (BMI), and several indicators of poor physical well-being across early- to mid-adulthood, including medication, number of doctor visits, and sick leave...
February 18, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457233/market-language-moral-language
#19
Susan Dorr Goold
Those who advocate higher out-of-pocket spending, especially high deductibles, to keep health care costs better controlled without losing quality use market language to talk about how people should think about health care. Consumers-that is, patients-should hunt for bargains. Clip coupons. Shop around. Patients need to have more "skin in the game." Consumer-patients will then choose more carefully and prudently and use less unnecessary health care. Unfailingly, "skin" refers to having money at stake...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457142/cross-country-association-of-press-freedom-and-lgbt-freedom-with-prevalence-of-persons-living-with-hiv-implication-for-global-strategy-against-hiv-aids
#20
Xinguang Chen, Amy L Elliott, Shuang Wang
Background: Human behaviors are affected by attitudes and beliefs, which in turn are shaped by higher-level values to which we have ascribed. In this study, we explore the relationship between two higher-level values, press freedom and LGBT freedom, and HIV infection with national data at the population level. Methods: Data were the number of persons living with HIV (PLWH, n = 35,468,911) for 148 countries during 2011-15, press freedom index (PFI) determined by the Reporters Without Borders, and LGBT freedom index (LGBT-FI) based on laws regulating same-sex relationships and expression...
2018: Global Health Research and Policy
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