keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

international journal of epidemiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867202/generalization-and-fine-mapping-of-european-ancestry-based-central-adiposity-variants-in-african-ancestry-populations
#1
S Yoneyama, J Yao, X Guo, L Fernandez-Rhodes, U Lim, J Boston, P Buzková, C S Carlson, I Cheng, B Cochran, R Cooper, G Ehret, M Fornage, J Gong, M Gross, C C Gu, J Haessler, C A Haiman, B Henderson, L A Hindorff, D Houston, M R Irvin, R Jackson, L Kuller, M Leppert, C E Lewis, R Li, L Le Marchand, T C Matise, K-Dh Nguyen, A Chakravarti, J S Pankow, N Pankratz, L Pooler, M D Ritchie, S A Bien, C L Wassel, Y-DI Chen, K D Taylor, M Allison, J I Rotter, P J Schreiner, F Schumacher, L Wilkens, E Boerwinkle, C Kooperberg, U Peters, S Buyske, M Graff, K E North
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Central adiposity measures such as waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) are associated with cardiometabolic disorders independently of BMI and are gaining clinically utility. Several studies report genetic variants associated with central adiposity, but most utilize only European ancestry populations. Understanding whether the genetic associations discovered among mainly European descendants are shared with African ancestry populations will help elucidate the biological underpinnings of abdominal fat deposition...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858205/statistical-inference-in-abstracts-of-major-medical-and-epidemiology-journals-1975-2014-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Andreas Stang, Markus Deckert, Charles Poole, Kenneth J Rothman
Since its introduction in the twentieth century, null hypothesis significance testing (NHST), a hybrid of significance testing (ST) advocated by Fisher and null hypothesis testing (NHT) developed by Neyman and Pearson, has become widely adopted but has also been a source of debate. The principal alternative to such testing is estimation with point estimates and confidence intervals (CI). Our aim was to estimate time trends in NHST, ST, NHT and CI reporting in abstracts of major medical and epidemiological journals...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836200/ptsd-in-court-i-introducing-ptsd-for-court
#3
Gerald Young
The first part of the series of three articles on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Court to appear in the journal reviews the history of the construct of PTSD and its presentation in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) and the ICD-11 (International Classification of Diseases, 11th Edition; World Health Organization, 2018). There are 20 symptoms of PTSD in the DSM-5. PTSD symptoms are arranged into a four-cluster model, which has received partial support in the literature...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829669/chronic-periodontitis-and-the-risk-of-erectile-dysfunction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
L H Liu, E M Li, S L Zhong, Y Q Li, Z Y Yang, R Kang, S K Zhao, F T Li, S P Wan, Z G Zhao
The objective of this study is to evaluate the association between chronic periodontitis (CP) and the risk of erectile dysfunction (ED). Electronic search using PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library was carried out for observational studies, longitudinal, cohort, case-control and epidemiological studies on humans, published up to December 2015. Manual searches were also performed. Odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to estimate the association between CP and the risk of ED...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805622/mapping-of-radio-frequency-electromagnetic-field-exposure-levels-in-outdoor-environment-and-comparing-with-reference-levels-for-general-public-health
#5
Mustafa Cansiz, Teymuraz Abbasov, M Bahattin Kurt, A Recai Celik
In this study, radio frequency electromagnetic field exposure levels were measured on the main streets in the city center of Diyarbakır, Turkey. Measured electric field levels were plotted on satellite imagery of Diyarbakır and were compared with exposure guidelines published by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). Exposure measurements were performed in dense urban, urban and suburban areas each day for 7 consecutive days. The measurement system consisted of high precision and portable spectrum analyzer, three-axis electric field antenna, connection cable and a laptop which was used to record the measurement samples as a data logger...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784886/diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-and-prevalence-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-japanese-patients-aged-65-years-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-dogo-study
#6
S Furukawa, T Sakai, T Niiya, H Miyaoka, T Miyake, S Yamamoto, K Maruyama, T Ueda, H Senba, Y Todo, M Torisu, H Minami, M Onji, T Tanigawa, B Matsuura, Y Hiasa, Y Miyake
Only limited epidemiological evidence exists regarding the relationship between diabetic neuropathy and erectile dysfunction (ED) among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. To investigate the relationship between diabetic neuropathy and ED among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, a multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted in 287 male Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, age (19-65 years). Diabetic neuropathy was diagnosed if the patients showed two or more of the following three characteristics: neuropathic symptoms, decreased or disappeared Achilles tendon reflex and/or abnormal vibration perception...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765379/impact-of-pharmacists-as-immunizers-on-vaccination-rates-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
J E Isenor, N T Edwards, T A Alia, K L Slayter, D M MacDougall, S A McNeil, S K Bowles
BACKGROUND: Underutilization of vaccination programs remains a significant public health concern. Pharmacists serve as educators, facilitators, and in some jurisdictions, as administrators of vaccines. Though pharmacists have been involved with immunizations in various ways for many years, there has yet to be a systematic review assessing the impact of pharmacists as immunizers in these three roles. OBJECTIVE: To complete a systematic review of the literature on the impact of pharmacists as educators, facilitators, and administrators of vaccines on immunization rates...
November 11, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715658/contemporary-perspectives-on-social-work-in-acquired-brain-injury-an-introduction
#8
Grahame Simpson, Francis Yuen
This special issue of the Journal of Social Work in Disability and Rehabilitation, Contemporary Perspectives on Social Work in Acquired Brain Injury, has been initiated and coordinated by the International Network of Social Workers in Acquired Brain Injury (INSWABI). In introducing the issue, some space will be allocated for providing definitions of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acquired brain injury (ABI); outlining the epidemiology and global costs; and detailing the impairments and psychosocial impacts for both the person sustaining the injury and his/her family...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671035/modelling-obesity-trends-in-australia-unravelling-the-past-and-predicting-the-future
#9
A J Hayes, T W C Lung, A Bauman, K Howard
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Modelling is increasingly being used to predict the epidemiology of obesity progression and its consequences. The aims of this study were: a) to present and validate a model for prediction of obesity among Australian adults and b) to use the model to project the prevalence of obesity and severe obesity by 2025. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Individual level simulation combined with survey estimation techniques to model changing population BMI distribution over time...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671034/the-association-between-weight-perception-and-bmi-report-and-measurement-data-from-the-growing-up-in-ireland-cohort-study-of-9-year-olds
#10
F Shiely, N G Hon Yan, E M Berkery, C Murrin, C Kelleher, K Hayes
BACKGROUND: The gold standard for categorisation of weight status is clinically measured BMI but this is often not practical in large epidemiological studies. OBJECTIVES: To determine if a child's weight perception or a mother's perception of a child's weight status is a viable alternative to measured height and weight in determining BMI classification. Secondary outcomes are to determine the influence of a mother's BMI on her ability to categorise the child's BMI and a child's ability to recognise his/her own BMI...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663999/bibliometric-analysis-of-global-scientific-research-on-carbapenem-resistance-1986-2015
#11
Waleed M Sweileh, Naser Y Shraim, Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam F Sawalha, Adham S AbuTaha, Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a global public health challenge and carbapenem resistance, in particular, is considered an urgent global health threat. This study was carried out to give a bibliometric overview of literature on carbapenem resistance. In specific, number of publications, top productive countries and institutes, highly cited articles, citation analysis, co-authorships, international collaboration, top active authors, and journals publishing articles on carbapenem resistance were analyzed and discussed...
September 23, 2016: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633635/validity-of-peptic-ulcer-disease-and-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-diagnoses-in-administrative-databases-a-systematic-review-protocol
#12
Alessandro Montedori, Iosief Abraha, Carlos Chiatti, Francesco Cozzolino, Massimiliano Orso, Maria Laura Luchetta, Joseph M Rimland, Giuseppe Ambrosio
INTRODUCTION: Administrative healthcare databases are useful to investigate the epidemiology, health outcomes, quality indicators and healthcare utilisation concerning peptic ulcers and gastrointestinal bleeding, but the databases need to be validated in order to be a reliable source for research. The aim of this protocol is to perform the first systematic review of studies reporting the validation of International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision and 10th version (ICD-9 and ICD-10) codes for peptic ulcer and upper gastrointestinal bleeding diagnoses...
September 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618906/addressing-environmental-health-inequalities
#13
EDITORIAL
Nelson Gouveia
Environmental health inequalities refer to health hazards disproportionately or unfairly distributed among the most vulnerable social groups, which are generally the most discriminated, poor populations and minorities affected by environmental risks. Although it has been known for a long time that health and disease are socially determined, only recently has this idea been incorporated into the conceptual and practical framework for the formulation of policies and strategies regarding health. In this Special Issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH), "Addressing Environmental Health Inequalities-Proceedings from the ISEE Conference 2015", we incorporate nine papers that were presented at the 27th Conference of the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology (ISEE), held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in 2015...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577504/front-matter
#14
(no author information available yet)
The European Federation for Medical Informatics (EFMI) Association is the leading organisation in medical informatics in Europe as a federation of national societies of 30 countries. EFMI is organized as a non-profit organization concerned with the theory and practice of information science and technology within health and health science in a European context. The objectives of the EFMI are: • To advance international co-operation and dissemination of information in medical informatics at the European level; • To promote high standards in the application of medical informatics; • To promote research and development in medical informatics; • To encourage high standards in education in medical informatics; • To function as the autonomous European Regional Council of IMIA...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569682/overall-and-central-obesity-with-insulin-sensitivity-and-secretion-in-a-han-chinese-population-a-mendelian-randomization-analysis
#15
T Wang, X Ma, T Tang, L Jin, D Peng, R Zhang, M Chen, J Yan, S Wang, D Yan, Z He, F Jiang, X Cheng, Y Bao, Z Liu, C Hu, W Jia
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Clinical heterogeneity exists in overall obesity and central obesity in terms of susceptibility to type 2 diabetes (T2D), but the relationship is vulnerable to be confounded by traditional risk factors in epidemiology studies. We aimed to characterize the impact of obesity in insulin secretion and sensitivity by using Mendelian randomization (MR) approach with genetic variants. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We firstly constructed two genetic risk scores (GRSs) based on 38 established loci for body mass index (BMI; a surrogate of overall obesity) and 13 waist-to-hip ratio (WHR; a surrogate of central obesity) to assess the causal effects of BMI and WHR on several glycaemic-related traits in 2884 community-based Han Chinese individuals...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566421/progress-in-pediatrics-in-2015-choices-in-allergy-endocrinology-gastroenterology-genetics-haematology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-oncology-and-pulmonology
#16
EDITORIAL
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485992/exposure-science-in-an-age-of-rapidly-changing-climate-challenges-and-opportunities
#17
Judy S LaKind, Jonathan Overpeck, Patrick N Breysse, Lorrie Backer, Susan D Richardson, Jon Sobus, Amir Sapkota, Crystal R Upperman, Chengsheng Jiang, C Ben Beard, J M Brunkard, Jesse E Bell, Ryan Harris, Jean-Paul Chretien, Richard E Peltier, Ginger L Chew, Benjamin C Blount
Climate change is anticipated to alter the production, use, release, and fate of environmental chemicals, likely leading to increased uncertainty in exposure and human health risk predictions. Exposure science provides a key connection between changes in climate and associated health outcomes. The theme of the 2015 Annual Meeting of the International Society of Exposure Science-Exposures in an Evolving Environment-brought this issue to the fore. By directing attention to questions that may affect society in profound ways, exposure scientists have an opportunity to conduct "consequential science"-doing science that matters, using our tools for the greater good and to answer key policy questions, and identifying causes leading to implementation of solutions...
November 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473949/retrospective-observational-study-to-assess-the-clinical-management-and-outcomes-of-hospitalised-patients-with-complicated-urinary-tract-infection-in-countries-with-high-prevalence-of-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-bacteria-rescuing
#18
Evelyn Shaw, Ibironke Addy, Margaret Stoddart, Christiane Vank, Sally Grier, Irith Wiegand, Leonard Leibovici, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Laura Vallejo-Torres, Stephen Morris, Alasdair MacGowan, Jordi Carratalà, Miquel Pujol
INTRODUCTION: The emergence of multidrug resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria (GNB), including carbapenemase-producing strains, has become a major therapeutic challenge. These MDR isolates are often involved in complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI), and are associated with poor clinical outcomes. The study has been designed to gain insight into the epidemiology, clinical management, outcome and healthcare cost of patients with cUTI, especially in countries with high prevalence of MDR GNB...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468383/an-emerging-trend-of-equal-authorship-credit-in-major-public-health-journals
#19
Shui-Ying Lei, Yan-Ping Dong, Wei-Fang Zhu, Lan-Juan Li
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the longitudinal trends and characteristics of the practice of explicitly giving equal credit to multiple authors of publications in public health journals. Manual searches were conducted to identify original research articles, published in five public health journals with the highest IFs according to the "2012 JCR Science Edition" between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2013, which awarded equal credit to multiple authors (Epidemiologic Reviews, Environmental Health Perspectives, the International Journal of Epidemiology, Epidemiology, and the Annual Review of Public Health)...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450455/pathogenesis-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#20
REVIEW
Sarah Morgan, Richard W Orrell
INTRODUCTION: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or motor neuron disease is a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disorder. The primary involvement is of motor neurons in the brain, spinal cord and peripherally. There is secondary weakness of muscles and primary involvement of other brain regions, especially involving cognition. SOURCES OF DATA: Peer-reviewed journal articles and reviews. PubMed.gov AREAS OF AGREEMENT: The pathogenesis of ALS remains largely unknown...
September 2016: British Medical Bulletin
keyword
keyword
60149
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"