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international journal of epidemiology

Grahame Simpson, Francis Yuen
This special issue of the Journal of Social Work in Disability and Rehabilitation, Contemporary Perspectives on Social Work in Acquired Brain Injury, has been initiated and coordinated by the International Network of Social Workers in Acquired Brain Injury (INSWABI). In introducing the issue, some space will be allocated for providing definitions of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acquired brain injury (ABI); outlining the epidemiology and global costs; and detailing the impairments and psychosocial impacts for both the person sustaining the injury and his/her family...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
A J Hayes, T W C Lung, A Bauman, K Howard
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Modelling is increasingly being used to predict the epidemiology of obesity progression and its consequences. The aims of this study were: a) to present and validate a model for prediction of obesity among Australian adults and b) to use the model to project the prevalence of obesity and severe obesity by 2025. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Individual level simulation combined with survey estimation techniques to model changing population BMI distribution over time...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
F Shiely, N G Hon Yan, E M Berkery, C Murrin, C Kelleher, K Hayes
BACKGROUND: The gold standard for categorisation of weight status is clinically measured BMI but this is often not practical in large epidemiological studies. OBJECTIVES: To determine if a child's weight perception or a mother's perception of a child's weight status is a viable alternative to measured height and weight in determining BMI classification. Secondary outcomes are to determine the influence of a mother's BMI on her ability to categorise the child's BMI and a child's ability to recognise his/her own BMI...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Waleed M Sweileh, Naser Y Shraim, Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam F Sawalha, Adham S AbuTaha, Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a global public health challenge and carbapenem resistance, in particular, is considered an urgent global health threat. This study was carried out to give a bibliometric overview of literature on carbapenem resistance. In specific, number of publications, top productive countries and institutes, highly cited articles, citation analysis, co-authorships, international collaboration, top active authors, and journals publishing articles on carbapenem resistance were analyzed and discussed...
2016: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Alessandro Montedori, Iosief Abraha, Carlos Chiatti, Francesco Cozzolino, Massimiliano Orso, Maria Laura Luchetta, Joseph M Rimland, Giuseppe Ambrosio
INTRODUCTION: Administrative healthcare databases are useful to investigate the epidemiology, health outcomes, quality indicators and healthcare utilisation concerning peptic ulcers and gastrointestinal bleeding, but the databases need to be validated in order to be a reliable source for research. The aim of this protocol is to perform the first systematic review of studies reporting the validation of International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision and 10th version (ICD-9 and ICD-10) codes for peptic ulcer and upper gastrointestinal bleeding diagnoses...
September 15, 2016: BMJ Open
Nelson Gouveia
Environmental health inequalities refer to health hazards disproportionately or unfairly distributed among the most vulnerable social groups, which are generally the most discriminated, poor populations and minorities affected by environmental risks. Although it has been known for a long time that health and disease are socially determined, only recently has this idea been incorporated into the conceptual and practical framework for the formulation of policies and strategies regarding health. In this Special Issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH), "Addressing Environmental Health Inequalities-Proceedings from the ISEE Conference 2015", we incorporate nine papers that were presented at the 27th Conference of the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology (ISEE), held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in 2015...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
(no author information available yet)
The European Federation for Medical Informatics (EFMI) Association is the leading organisation in medical informatics in Europe as a federation of national societies of 30 countries. EFMI is organized as a non-profit organization concerned with the theory and practice of information science and technology within health and health science in a European context. The objectives of the EFMI are: • To advance international co-operation and dissemination of information in medical informatics at the European level; • To promote high standards in the application of medical informatics; • To promote research and development in medical informatics; • To encourage high standards in education in medical informatics; • To function as the autonomous European Regional Council of IMIA...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
T Wang, X Ma, T Tang, L Jin, D Peng, R Zhang, M Chen, J Yan, S Wang, D Yan, Z He, F Jiang, X Cheng, Y Bao, Z Liu, C Hu, W Jia
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Clinical heterogeneity exists in overall obesity and central obesity in terms of susceptibility to type 2 diabetes (T2D), but the relationship is vulnerable to be confounded by traditional risk factors in epidemiology studies. We aimed to characterize the impact of obesity in insulin secretion and sensitivity by using Mendelian randomization (MR) approach with genetic variants. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We firstly constructed two genetic risk scores (GRSs) based on 38 established loci for body mass index (BMI; a surrogate of overall obesity) and 13 waist-to-hip ratio (WHR; a surrogate of central obesity) to assess the causal effects of BMI and WHR on several glycaemic-related traits in 2884 community-based Han Chinese individuals...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Judy S LaKind, Jonathan Overpeck, Patrick N Breysse, Lorrie Backer, Susan D Richardson, Jon Sobus, Amir Sapkota, Crystal R Upperman, Chengsheng Jiang, C Ben Beard, J M Brunkard, Jesse E Bell, Ryan Harris, Jean-Paul Chretien, Richard E Peltier, Ginger L Chew, Benjamin C Blount
Climate change is anticipated to alter the production, use, release, and fate of environmental chemicals, likely leading to increased uncertainty in exposure and human health risk predictions. Exposure science provides a key connection between changes in climate and associated health outcomes. The theme of the 2015 Annual Meeting of the International Society of Exposure Science-Exposures in an Evolving Environment-brought this issue to the fore. By directing attention to questions that may affect society in profound ways, exposure scientists have an opportunity to conduct "consequential science"-doing science that matters, using our tools for the greater good and to answer key policy questions, and identifying causes leading to implementation of solutions...
November 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
Evelyn Shaw, Ibironke Addy, Margaret Stoddart, Christiane Vank, Sally Grier, Irith Wiegand, Leonard Leibovici, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Laura Vallejo-Torres, Stephen Morris, Alasdair MacGowan, Jordi Carratalà, Miquel Pujol
INTRODUCTION: The emergence of multidrug resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria (GNB), including carbapenemase-producing strains, has become a major therapeutic challenge. These MDR isolates are often involved in complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI), and are associated with poor clinical outcomes. The study has been designed to gain insight into the epidemiology, clinical management, outcome and healthcare cost of patients with cUTI, especially in countries with high prevalence of MDR GNB...
2016: BMJ Open
Shui-Ying Lei, Yan-Ping Dong, Wei-Fang Zhu, Lan-Juan Li
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the longitudinal trends and characteristics of the practice of explicitly giving equal credit to multiple authors of publications in public health journals. Manual searches were conducted to identify original research articles, published in five public health journals with the highest IFs according to the "2012 JCR Science Edition" between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2013, which awarded equal credit to multiple authors (Epidemiologic Reviews, Environmental Health Perspectives, the International Journal of Epidemiology, Epidemiology, and the Annual Review of Public Health)...
2016: SpringerPlus
Sarah Morgan, Richard W Orrell
INTRODUCTION: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or motor neuron disease is a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disorder. The primary involvement is of motor neurons in the brain, spinal cord and peripherally. There is secondary weakness of muscles and primary involvement of other brain regions, especially involving cognition. SOURCES OF DATA: Peer-reviewed journal articles and reviews. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: The pathogenesis of ALS remains largely unknown...
September 2016: British Medical Bulletin
Luciana Bertoldi Nucci, Patrick Theodore Souccar, Silvia Diez Castilho
INTRODUCTION: Despite the growing number of studies with a characteristic element of spatial analysis, the application of the techniques is not always clear and its continuity in epidemiological studies requires careful evaluation. OBJECTIVE: To verify the spread and use of those processes in national and international scientific papers. METHOD: An assessment was made of periodicals according to the impact index. Among 8,281 journals surveyed, four national and four international were selected, of which 1,274 articles were analyzed regarding the presence or absence of spatial analysis techniques...
July 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Ibrahim Arziman
Disasters cause an acute deterioration in all stages of life. An area affected by the disaster in which the normal activities of life are disrupted is described as a "Field" in disaster terminology. Although it is not easy to define the borders of this zone, the area where there is normally functioning society is accepted as the boundary. Disaster management is the responsibility of the local government. However, in many large disaster responses many non-governmental and international organizations play a role...
October 2015: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Monika Gube, Thomas Schettgen, Thomas Kraus, Christian Schikowsky, Andreas Heibges, Reinhard Klingel, Christian Hoffmann, Andreas Wiemeyer, Jewgeni Jacobson, André Esser
The aim of the study was to examine whether plasma exchange (PE) or selective double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) is able to reduce the internal Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) burden of highly exposed participants of the health effects in high-level exposure to PCB (HELPcB) cohort. HELPcB is a surveillance program for former PCB-exposed workers of a German capacitor recycling company. After comparative evaluation of PE and DFPP in a phase I, DFPP was chosen as method for further treatment. In phase II, five participants underwent DFPP at weekly intervals for the duration of 12 weeks...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
Marlise Capa Verde de Almeida, Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz
OBJECTIVE: To identify scientific evidence of occupational illness of dockworkers published in the literature. METHOD: systematic review of the literature, developed according to the Cochrane method. The databases searched were: Cochrane, LILACS, MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL and SciELO. Studies from 1988 to 2014 were selected. The data were analyzed according to the level of evidence and Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology. RESULTS: We included 14 studies, in which 11 (78...
April 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Agnès Dechartres, Philippe Ravaud, Ignacio Atal, Carolina Riveros, Isabelle Boutron
BACKGROUND: To increase transparency in research, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors required, in 2005, prospective registration of clinical trials as a condition to publication. However, many trials remain unregistered or retrospectively registered. We aimed to assess the association between trial prospective registration and treatment effect estimates. METHODS: This is a meta-epidemiological study based on all Cochrane reviews published between March 2011 and September 2014 with meta-analyses of a binary outcome including three or more randomised controlled trials published after 2006...
2016: BMC Medicine
Dagmar Tučková, Miloslav Klugar, Eliška Sovová, Markéta Sovová, Lenka Štégnerová
INTRODUCTION: Based on more than 5 decades of epidemiological studies, it is now widely accepted that higher physical activity patterns and levels of cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with better health outcomes. Therefore, it is necessary to consider how treatment methods affect these two components. Clinically, one very important question concerns the influence of aerobic performance on patients being treated for hypertension. The administration of β-blockers can significantly reduce maximal-and especially submaximal-aerobic exercise capacity...
2016: BMJ Open
Jean Baptiste Kakoma
The area of Human Resources for Health (HRH) is the most critical challenge for the achievement of health related development goals in countries with limited resources. This is even exacerbated in a post conflict environment like Rwanda. The aim of this commentary is to report and share the genesis and outcomes of an exciting experience about training of qualified health workers in medicine and public health as well as setting - up of a research culture for the last nine years (2006 - 2014) in Rwanda. Many initiatives have been taken and concerned among others training of qualified health workers in medicine and public health...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
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