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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422775/a-contemporary-assessment-of-acute-mechanical-ventilation-in-beijing-description-costs-and-outcomes
#1
Yanping Ye, Bo Zhu, Li Jiang, Qi Jiang, Meiping Wang, Lin Hua, Xiuming Xi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contemporary practice, outcomes, and costs related to mechanical ventilation among ICUs in China. DESIGN: A prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Fourteen ICUs among 13 hospitals in Beijing, China. PATIENTS: Seven hundred ninety-three patients who received at least 24 hours of mechanical ventilation within the first 48 hours of ICU stay. INTERVENTION: None...
April 18, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399572/correction-of-selection-bias-in-survey-data-is-the-statistical-cure-worse-than-the-bias
#2
James A Hanley
In previous articles in the American Journal of Epidemiology (Am J Epidemiol. 2013;177(5):431-442) and American Journal of Public Health (Am J Public Health. 2013;103(10):1895-1901), Masters et al. reported age-specific hazard ratios for the contrasts in mortality rates between obesity categories. They corrected the observed hazard ratios for selection bias caused by what they postulated was the nonrepresentativeness of the participants in the National Health Interview Study that increased with age, obesity, and ill health...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338824/farewell-to-the-editors-of-the-international-journal-of-epidemiology-an-appreciation
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300034/-epidemiology-of-urolithiasis-in-spain-review-of-published-demographic-data-in-the-period-1977-2016
#4
Francisco María Sánchez-Martín, Oriol Angerri, Esteban Emiliani, Enver Moncada, José Carpio, Félix Millán, Humberto Villavicencio
OBJECTIVE: Epidemiological data on urolithiasis in Spain have appeared in publications especially local and regional level, with few referrals to Spanish national territory. The aim of this paper is to review and systematize the epidemiological data published on urolithiasis in Spain. METHODS: We reviewed publications in national and international scientific journals, meetings and conferences, and research reports (1977-2016). PubMed search (indexed papers) and manual bibliography search (not indexed works) were performed...
March 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291536/child-sexual-abuse-in-japan-a-systematic-review-and-future-directions
#5
Masako Tanaka, Yumi E Suzuki, Ikuko Aoyama, Kota Takaoka, Harriet L MacMillan
INTRODUCTION: Estimating the national prevalence of child sexual abuse (CSA) and its association with health and developmental outcomes is the first step in developing prevention strategies. While such data are available from many countries, less is known about the epidemiology of CSA in Japan. METHODS: For this systematic review, we searched English databases: Embase, Ovid MEDLINE(R) In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE(R) Daily and Ovid MEDLINE(R), Ovid OLDMEDLINE(R), PsycINFO, and Japanese databases: Cinii, J-Stage, Children's Rainbow Center Japan, Japan Child and Family Research Institute, Japanese Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect to identify articles published before July 2015 examining the lifetime prevalence of CSA in Japan using non-clinical samples...
March 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280271/obesity-overweight-reduces-the-risk-of-active-tuberculosis-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#6
Y-F Yen, H-Y Hu, Y-L Lee, P-W Ku, I-F Lin, D Chu, Y-J Lai
BACKGROUND: Obesity affects immune function by increasing the number of T helper lymphocytes, which may reduce the risk of tuberculosis (TB) infection. However, the effect of obesity on TB development has not been extensively studied. This nationwide population-based cohort study investigated the effect of obesity on TB development in Taiwanese adults. METHODS: We included 46 028 adult participants (age ⩾18 years) from three rounds (2001, 2005 and 2009) of the Taiwan National Health Interview Survey...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272961/correction-of-selection-bias-in-survey-data-is-the-statistical-cure-worse-than-the-bias
#7
James A Hanley
In previous articles in the American Journal of Epidemiology (Am J Epidemiol. 2013;177(5):431-442) and American Journal of Public Health (Am J Public Health. 2013;103(10):1895-1901), Masters et al. reported age-specific hazard ratios for the contrasts in mortality rates between obesity categories. They corrected the observed hazard ratios for selection bias caused by what they postulated was the nonrepresentativeness of the participants in the National Health Interview Study that increased with age, obesity, and ill health...
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243306/canal-configuration-of-mesiobuccal-roots-in-permanent-maxillary-first-molars-in-iranian-population-a-systematic-review
#8
Mandana Naseri, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard, Sepanta Hosseinpour
OBJECTIVES: It is essential for clinicians to have adequate knowledge about root canal configurations; although its morphology varies largely in different ethnicities and even in different individuals with the same ethnic background. The current study aims to review the root canal configurations of mesiobuccal roots of maxillary first molars in an Iranian population based on different epidemiological studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted to retrieve articles related to root canal configuration and prevalence of each type of root canal based on Vertucci's classification for the mesiobuccal root of maxillary first molars...
November 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242481/protocol-registration-of-systematic-reviews-published-in-high-impact-factor-journals-a-meta-epidemiological-study
#9
Yasushi Tsujimoto, Hiraku Tsujimoto, Yuki Kataoka, Miho Kimachi, Sayaka Shimizu, Tatsuyoshi Ikenoue, Shingo Fukuma, Yosuke Yamamoto, Shunichi Fukuhara
OBJECTIVES: To describe the registration of systematic review (SR) protocols and examine whether or not registration reduced the outcome reporting bias in high-impact journals. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We searched MEDLINE via PubMed to identify SRs of randomized controlled trials of interventions. We included SRs published between August 2009 and June 2015 in the 10 general and internal medicinal journals with the highest impact factors in 2013. We examined the proportion of SR protocol registration and investigated the relationship between registration and outcome reporting bias using multivariable logistic regression...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223833/autoimmune-atrophic-gastritis-current-perspectives
#10
REVIEW
Artem Minalyan, Jihane N Benhammou, Aida Artashesyan, Michael S Lewis, Joseph R Pisegna
At present there is no universally accepted classification for gastritis. The first successful classification (The Sydney System) that is still commonly used by medical professionals was first introduced by Misiewicz et al in Sydney in 1990. In fact, it was the first detailed classification after the discovery of Helicobacter pylori by Warren and Marshall in 1982. In 1994, the Updated Sydney System was proposed during the International Workshop on the Histopathology of Gastritis followed by the publication in The American Journal of Surgical Pathology by Dixon et al...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162193/-the-quality-of-epidemiological-research-on-pediatric-refractive-error-and-amblyopia-in-china-needs-to-be-improved
#11
M G He
Over the past decade, great progress has been made in the clinical and epidemiological studies on refractive error and amblyopia in children with research findings published in international peer reviewed journals. This article reviews some of the essential publications so that the research findings could be learnt extensively, understood critically and objectively, and applied effectively to clinical practice. We aim to address the current limitations and shed light on clinical practice. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2017, 53: 3-6)...
January 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123227/a-scan-of-cdc-authored-articles-on-legal-epidemiology-2011-2015
#12
Leila Martini, David Presley, Sarah Klieger, Scott Burris
OBJECTIVE: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conducts research on legal epidemiology, the scientific study of law as a factor in the cause, distribution, and prevention of disease. This study describes a scan of articles written by CDC staff members to characterize the frequency and key features of legal epidemiology articles and their distribution across CDC departments and divisions. METHODS: CDC librarians searched an internal repository for journal articles by CDC staff published from January 1, 2011, to May 31, 2015...
November 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119533/the-rise-and-the-recent-decline-of-childhood-obesity-in-swedish-boys-the-best-cohort
#13
M Bygdell, C Ohlsson, J Célind, J Saternus, A Sondén, J M Kindblom
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity increases the risk for adult obesity and diseases. The aim with this study was to investigate secular changes of childhood Body Mass Index (BMI), overweight, and obesity in boys born 1946-2006, using the population-based BMI Epidemiology STudy (BEST) cohort in Gothenburg, Sweden. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We collected height and weight from archived school health records for boys born every five years 1946-2006 (birth cohort 1946 n=1584, each birth cohort 1951-2006 n=425)...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106045/identification-of-shared-and-unique-gene-families-associated-with-oral-clefts
#14
Noriko Funato, Masataka Nakamura
Oral clefts, the most frequent congenital birth defects in humans, are multifactorial disorders caused by genetic and environmental factors. Epidemiological studies point to different etiologies underlying the oral cleft phenotypes, cleft lip (CL), CL and/or palate (CL/P) and cleft palate (CP). More than 350 genes have syndromic and/or nonsyndromic oral cleft associations in humans. Although genes related to genetic disorders associated with oral cleft phenotypes are known, a gap between detecting these associations and interpretation of their biological importance has remained...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011808/cancer-data-and-aboriginal-disparities-candad-developing-an-advanced-cancer-data-system-for-aboriginal-people-in-south-australia-a-mixed-methods-research-protocol
#15
Paul Henry Yerrell, David Roder, Margaret Cargo, Rachel Reilly, David Banham, Jasmine May Micklem, Kim Morey, Harold Bundamurra Stewart, Janet Stajic, Michael Norris, Alex Brown
INTRODUCTION: In Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People carry a greater burden of cancer-related mortality than non-Aboriginal Australians. The Cancer Data and Aboriginal Disparities Project aims to develop and test an integrated, comprehensive cancer monitoring and surveillance system capable of incorporating epidemiological and narrative data to address disparities and advocate for clinical system change. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Advanced Cancer Data System will integrate routinely collected unit record data from the South Australian Population Cancer Registry and a range of other data sources for a retrospective cohort of indigenous people with cancers diagnosed from 1990 to 2010...
December 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966668/predictors-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-exposure-and-internal-dose-in-inner-city-baltimore-children
#16
Kamau O Peters, D' Ann L Williams, Salahadin Abubaker, Jean Curtin-Brosnan, Meredith C McCormack, Roger Peng, Patrick N Breysse, Elizabeth C Matsui, Nadia N Hansel, Gregory B Diette, Paul T Strickland
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), the by-products of incomplete combustion of organic materials, are commonly found on particulate matter (PM) and have been associated with the development of asthma and asthma exacerbation in urban populations. We examined time spent in the home and outdoors as predictors of exposures to airborne PAHs and measured urinary 1-hydroxypyrene-glucuronide (1-OHPG) as internal dose of PAHs in 118 children aged 5-12 years from Baltimore, MD. During weeklong periods (Saturday-Saturday) in each of four seasons: daily activities were assessed using questionnaires, indoor air nicotine and PM concentrations were monitored, and urine specimens were collected on Tuesday (day 3) and Saturday (day 7) for measurement of 1-OHPG...
May 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940485/commentary-epidemiology-the-international-epidemiological-association-and-the-international-journal-of-epidemiology-a-personal-chronicle
#17
Rodolfo Saracci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867202/generalization-and-fine-mapping-of-european-ancestry-based-central-adiposity-variants-in-african-ancestry-populations
#18
S Yoneyama, J Yao, X Guo, L Fernandez-Rhodes, U Lim, J Boston, P Buzková, C S Carlson, I Cheng, B Cochran, R Cooper, G Ehret, M Fornage, J Gong, M Gross, C C Gu, J Haessler, C A Haiman, B Henderson, L A Hindorff, D Houston, M R Irvin, R Jackson, L Kuller, M Leppert, C E Lewis, R Li, L Le Marchand, T C Matise, K-Dh Nguyen, A Chakravarti, J S Pankow, N Pankratz, L Pooler, M D Ritchie, S A Bien, C L Wassel, Y-DI Chen, K D Taylor, M Allison, J I Rotter, P J Schreiner, F Schumacher, L Wilkens, E Boerwinkle, C Kooperberg, U Peters, S Buyske, M Graff, K E North
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Central adiposity measures such as waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) are associated with cardiometabolic disorders independently of body mass index (BMI) and are gaining clinically utility. Several studies report genetic variants associated with central adiposity, but most utilize only European ancestry populations. Understanding whether the genetic associations discovered among mainly European descendants are shared with African ancestry populations will help elucidate the biological underpinnings of abdominal fat deposition...
February 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858205/statistical-inference-in-abstracts-of-major-medical-and-epidemiology-journals-1975-2014-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Andreas Stang, Markus Deckert, Charles Poole, Kenneth J Rothman
Since its introduction in the twentieth century, null hypothesis significance testing (NHST), a hybrid of significance testing (ST) advocated by Fisher and null hypothesis testing (NHT) developed by Neyman and Pearson, has become widely adopted but has also been a source of debate. The principal alternative to such testing is estimation with point estimates and confidence intervals (CI). Our aim was to estimate time trends in NHST, ST, NHT and CI reporting in abstracts of major medical and epidemiological journals...
January 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836200/ptsd-in-court-i-introducing-ptsd-for-court
#20
Gerald Young
The first part of the series of three articles on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Court to appear in the journal reviews the history of the construct of PTSD and its presentation in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) and the ICD-11 (International Classification of Diseases, 11th Edition; World Health Organization, 2018). There are 20 symptoms of PTSD in the DSM-5. PTSD symptoms are arranged into a four-cluster model, which has received partial support in the literature...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
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