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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223833/autoimmune-atrophic-gastritis-current-perspectives
#1
REVIEW
Artem Minalyan, Jihane N Benhammou, Aida Artashesyan, Michael S Lewis, Joseph R Pisegna
At present there is no universally accepted classification for gastritis. The first successful classification (The Sydney System) that is still commonly used by medical professionals was first introduced by Misiewicz et al in Sydney in 1990. In fact, it was the first detailed classification after the discovery of Helicobacter pylori by Warren and Marshall in 1982. In 1994, the Updated Sydney System was proposed during the International Workshop on the Histopathology of Gastritis followed by the publication in The American Journal of Surgical Pathology by Dixon et al...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162193/-the-quality-of-epidemiological-research-on-pediatric-refractive-error-and-amblyopia-in-china-needs-to-be-improved
#2
M G He
Over the past decade, great progress has been made in the clinical and epidemiological studies on refractive error and amblyopia in children with research findings published in international peer reviewed journals. This article reviews some of the essential publications so that the research findings could be learnt extensively, understood critically and objectively, and applied effectively to clinical practice. We aim to address the current limitations and shed light on clinical practice. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2017, 53: 3-6)...
January 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123227/a-scan-of-cdc-authored-articles-on-legal-epidemiology-2011-2015
#3
Leila Martini, David Presley, Sarah Klieger, Scott Burris
OBJECTIVE: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conducts research on legal epidemiology, the scientific study of law as a factor in the cause, distribution, and prevention of disease. This study describes a scan of articles written by CDC staff members to characterize the frequency and key features of legal epidemiology articles and their distribution across CDC departments and divisions. METHODS: CDC librarians searched an internal repository for journal articles by CDC staff published from January 1, 2011, to May 31, 2015...
November 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119533/the-rise-and-the-recent-decline-of-childhood-obesity-in-swedish-boys-the-best-cohort
#4
M Bygdell, C Ohlsson, J Célind, J Saternus, A Sondén, J M Kindblom
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity increases the risk for adult obesity and diseases. The aim with this study was to investigate secular changes of childhood Body Mass Index (BMI), overweight, and obesity in boys born 1946-2006, using the population-based BMI Epidemiology STudy (BEST) cohort in Gothenburg, Sweden. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We collected height and weight from archived school health records for boys born every five years 1946-2006 (birth cohort 1946 n=1584, each birth cohort 1951-2006 n=425)...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106045/identification-of-shared-and-unique-gene-families-associated-with-oral-clefts
#5
Noriko Funato, Masataka Nakamura
Oral clefts, the most frequent congenital birth defects in humans, are multifactorial disorders caused by genetic and environmental factors. Epidemiological studies point to different etiologies underlying the oral cleft phenotypes, cleft lip (CL), CL and/or palate (CL/P) and cleft palate (CP). More than 350 genes have syndromic and/or nonsyndromic oral cleft associations in humans. Although genes related to genetic disorders associated with oral cleft phenotypes are known, a gap between detecting these associations and interpretation of their biological importance has remained...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011808/cancer-data-and-aboriginal-disparities-candad-developing-an-advanced-cancer-data-system-for-aboriginal-people-in-south-australia-a-mixed-methods-research-protocol
#6
Paul Henry Yerrell, David Roder, Margaret Cargo, Rachel Reilly, David Banham, Jasmine May Micklem, Kim Morey, Harold Bundamurra Stewart, Janet Stajic, Michael Norris, Alex Brown
INTRODUCTION: In Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People carry a greater burden of cancer-related mortality than non-Aboriginal Australians. The Cancer Data and Aboriginal Disparities Project aims to develop and test an integrated, comprehensive cancer monitoring and surveillance system capable of incorporating epidemiological and narrative data to address disparities and advocate for clinical system change. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Advanced Cancer Data System will integrate routinely collected unit record data from the South Australian Population Cancer Registry and a range of other data sources for a retrospective cohort of indigenous people with cancers diagnosed from 1990 to 2010...
December 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966668/predictors-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-exposure-and-internal-dose-in-inner-city-baltimore-children
#7
Kamau O Peters, D' Ann L Williams, Salahadin Abubaker, Jean Curtin-Brosnan, Meredith C McCormack, Roger Peng, Patrick N Breysse, Elizabeth C Matsui, Nadia N Hansel, Gregory B Diette, Paul T Strickland
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), the by-products of incomplete combustion of organic materials, are commonly found on particulate matter (PM) and have been associated with the development of asthma and asthma exacerbation in urban populations. We examined time spent in the home and outdoors as predictors of exposures to airborne PAHs and measured urinary 1-hydroxypyrene-glucuronide (1-OHPG) as internal dose of PAHs in 118 children aged 5-12 years from Baltimore, MD. During weeklong periods (Saturday-Saturday) in each of four seasons: daily activities were assessed using questionnaires, indoor air nicotine and PM concentrations were monitored, and urine specimens were collected on Tuesday (day 3) and Saturday (day 7) for measurement of 1-OHPG...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940485/commentary-epidemiology-the-international-epidemiological-association-and-the-international-journal-of-epidemiology-a-personal-chronicle
#8
Rodolfo Saracci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867202/generalization-and-fine-mapping-of-european-ancestry-based-central-adiposity-variants-in-african-ancestry-populations
#9
S Yoneyama, J Yao, X Guo, L Fernandez-Rhodes, U Lim, J Boston, P Buzková, C S Carlson, I Cheng, B Cochran, R Cooper, G Ehret, M Fornage, J Gong, M Gross, C C Gu, J Haessler, C A Haiman, B Henderson, L A Hindorff, D Houston, M R Irvin, R Jackson, L Kuller, M Leppert, C E Lewis, R Li, L Le Marchand, T C Matise, K-Dh Nguyen, A Chakravarti, J S Pankow, N Pankratz, L Pooler, M D Ritchie, S A Bien, C L Wassel, Y-DI Chen, K D Taylor, M Allison, J I Rotter, P J Schreiner, F Schumacher, L Wilkens, E Boerwinkle, C Kooperberg, U Peters, S Buyske, M Graff, K E North
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Central adiposity measures such as waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) are associated with cardiometabolic disorders independently of body mass index (BMI) and are gaining clinically utility. Several studies report genetic variants associated with central adiposity, but most utilize only European ancestry populations. Understanding whether the genetic associations discovered among mainly European descendants are shared with African ancestry populations will help elucidate the biological underpinnings of abdominal fat deposition...
February 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858205/statistical-inference-in-abstracts-of-major-medical-and-epidemiology-journals-1975-2014-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Andreas Stang, Markus Deckert, Charles Poole, Kenneth J Rothman
Since its introduction in the twentieth century, null hypothesis significance testing (NHST), a hybrid of significance testing (ST) advocated by Fisher and null hypothesis testing (NHT) developed by Neyman and Pearson, has become widely adopted but has also been a source of debate. The principal alternative to such testing is estimation with point estimates and confidence intervals (CI). Our aim was to estimate time trends in NHST, ST, NHT and CI reporting in abstracts of major medical and epidemiological journals...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836200/ptsd-in-court-i-introducing-ptsd-for-court
#11
Gerald Young
The first part of the series of three articles on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Court to appear in the journal reviews the history of the construct of PTSD and its presentation in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) and the ICD-11 (International Classification of Diseases, 11th Edition; World Health Organization, 2018). There are 20 symptoms of PTSD in the DSM-5. PTSD symptoms are arranged into a four-cluster model, which has received partial support in the literature...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829669/chronic-periodontitis-and-the-risk-of-erectile-dysfunction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
L H Liu, E M Li, S L Zhong, Y Q Li, Z Y Yang, R Kang, S K Zhao, F T Li, S P Wan, Z G Zhao
The objective of this study is to evaluate the association between chronic periodontitis (CP) and the risk of erectile dysfunction (ED). Electronic search using PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library was carried out for observational studies, longitudinal, cohort, case-control and epidemiological studies on humans, published up to December 2015. Manual searches were also performed. Odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to estimate the association between CP and the risk of ED...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805622/mapping-of-radio-frequency-electromagnetic-field-exposure-levels-in-outdoor-environment-and-comparing-with-reference-levels-for-general-public-health
#13
Mustafa Cansiz, Teymuraz Abbasov, M Bahattin Kurt, A Recai Celik
In this study, radio frequency electromagnetic field exposure levels were measured on the main streets in the city center of Diyarbakır, Turkey. Measured electric field levels were plotted on satellite imagery of Diyarbakır and were compared with exposure guidelines published by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). Exposure measurements were performed in dense urban, urban and suburban areas each day for 7 consecutive days. The measurement system consisted of high precision and portable spectrum analyzer, three-axis electric field antenna, connection cable and a laptop which was used to record the measurement samples as a data logger...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784886/diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-and-prevalence-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-japanese-patients-aged-65-years-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-dogo-study
#14
S Furukawa, T Sakai, T Niiya, H Miyaoka, T Miyake, S Yamamoto, K Maruyama, T Ueda, H Senba, Y Todo, M Torisu, H Minami, M Onji, T Tanigawa, B Matsuura, Y Hiasa, Y Miyake
Only limited epidemiological evidence exists regarding the relationship between diabetic neuropathy and erectile dysfunction (ED) among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. To investigate the relationship between diabetic neuropathy and ED among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, a multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted in 287 male Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, age (19-65 years). Diabetic neuropathy was diagnosed if the patients showed two or more of the following three characteristics: neuropathic symptoms, decreased or disappeared Achilles tendon reflex and/or abnormal vibration perception...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765379/impact-of-pharmacists-as-immunizers-on-vaccination-rates-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
J E Isenor, N T Edwards, T A Alia, K L Slayter, D M MacDougall, S A McNeil, S K Bowles
BACKGROUND: Underutilization of vaccination programs remains a significant public health concern. Pharmacists serve as educators, facilitators, and in some jurisdictions, as administrators of vaccines. Though pharmacists have been involved with immunizations in various ways for many years, there has yet to be a systematic review assessing the impact of pharmacists as immunizers in these three roles. OBJECTIVE: To complete a systematic review of the literature on the impact of pharmacists as educators, facilitators, and administrators of vaccines on immunization rates...
November 11, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715658/contemporary-perspectives-on-social-work-in-acquired-brain-injury-an-introduction
#16
Grahame Simpson, Francis Yuen
This special issue of the Journal of Social Work in Disability and Rehabilitation, Contemporary Perspectives on Social Work in Acquired Brain Injury, has been initiated and coordinated by the International Network of Social Workers in Acquired Brain Injury (INSWABI). In introducing the issue, some space will be allocated for providing definitions of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acquired brain injury (ABI); outlining the epidemiology and global costs; and detailing the impairments and psychosocial impacts for both the person sustaining the injury and his/her family...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671035/modelling-obesity-trends-in-australia-unravelling-the-past-and-predicting-the-future
#17
A J Hayes, T W C Lung, A Bauman, K Howard
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Modelling is increasingly being used to predict the epidemiology of obesity progression and its consequences. The aims of this study were: (a) to present and validate a model for prediction of obesity among Australian adults and (b) to use the model to project the prevalence of obesity and severe obesity by 2025. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Individual level simulation combined with survey estimation techniques to model changing population body mass index (BMI) distribution over time...
January 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671034/the-association-between-weight-perception-and-bmi-report-and-measurement-data-from-the-growing-up-in-ireland-cohort-study-of-9-year-olds
#18
F Shiely, H Y Ng, E M Berkery, C Murrin, C Kelleher, K Hayes
BACKGROUND: The gold standard for categorisation of weight status is clinically measured body mass index (BMI), but this is often not practical in large epidemiological studies. OBJECTIVES: To determine if a child's weight perception or a mother's perception of a child's weight status is a viable alternative to measured height and weight in determining BMI classification. Secondary outcomes are to determine the influence of a mother's BMI on her ability to categorise the child's BMI and a child's ability to recognise his/her own BMI...
January 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663999/bibliometric-analysis-of-global-scientific-research-on-carbapenem-resistance-1986-2015
#19
Waleed M Sweileh, Naser Y Shraim, Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam F Sawalha, Adham S AbuTaha, Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a global public health challenge and carbapenem resistance, in particular, is considered an urgent global health threat. This study was carried out to give a bibliometric overview of literature on carbapenem resistance. In specific, number of publications, top productive countries and institutes, highly cited articles, citation analysis, co-authorships, international collaboration, top active authors, and journals publishing articles on carbapenem resistance were analyzed and discussed...
September 23, 2016: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633635/validity-of-peptic-ulcer-disease-and-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-diagnoses-in-administrative-databases-a-systematic-review-protocol
#20
Alessandro Montedori, Iosief Abraha, Carlos Chiatti, Francesco Cozzolino, Massimiliano Orso, Maria Laura Luchetta, Joseph M Rimland, Giuseppe Ambrosio
INTRODUCTION: Administrative healthcare databases are useful to investigate the epidemiology, health outcomes, quality indicators and healthcare utilisation concerning peptic ulcers and gastrointestinal bleeding, but the databases need to be validated in order to be a reliable source for research. The aim of this protocol is to perform the first systematic review of studies reporting the validation of International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision and 10th version (ICD-9 and ICD-10) codes for peptic ulcer and upper gastrointestinal bleeding diagnoses...
September 15, 2016: BMJ Open
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