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Sachi Yamaguchi, Yoh Iwasa
Temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD) is adopted by many animal taxa, including reptiles and fishes. In some species, the eggs develop into females under a low hatching temperature, whereas they will develop into males under a high hatching temperature (called the FM-pattern). In other species, the eggs develop into males (or females) under a low (or high) hatching temperature (MF-pattern). Still, in other species, the eggs develop into females, males, or females, respectively, when under a low, intermediate, or high hatching temperature (FMF-pattern)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
Sławomir Kujawski, Joanna Słomko, Małgorzata Tafil-Klawe, Monika Zawadka-Kunikowska, Justyna Szrajda, Julia L Newton, Paweł Zalewski, Jacek J Klawe
Introduction: Firefighters as a profession are required to maintain high levels of attention for prolonged periods. However, total sleep deprivation (TSD) could influence negatively upon performance, particularly when the task is prolonged and repetitive. Purpose: The aim of this study is to examine the influence of TSD on cognitive functioning in a group of firefighters. Subjects and methods: Sixty volunteers who were active male fire brigade officers were examined with a computerized battery test that consisted of simple reaction time (SRT) (repeated three times), choice reaction time, visual attention test, and delayed matching to sample...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Shabnam Ajami, Hamidreza Fattahi, Mahsa Zare, Peyman Jenabi
Background: Bolton's two main ratios describing the proportional size of upper and lower teeth, could contribute to estimating the excess or deficiency of tooth size necessary to obtain an ideal occlusion. However, the mean Bolton values are not the same among different societies. Determining the prevalence of tooth size deviations from population-specific Bolton indices might help local orthodontists to have a more concise treatment plan. Objective: The study aimed to define the prevalence of clinically significant tooth size discrepancies (TSD) in an Iranian population and to evaluate the influence of lateral incisors' size on this discrepancy...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
Sara Dallaspezia, Masahiro Suzuki, Locatelli Clara, Cristina Colombo, Francesco Benedetti
Patient diurnal mood fluctuation, sleep characteristics and factors affecting sleep homeostasis predict antidepressant response to the combination of total sleep deprivation and light therapy (TSD + LT). In order to study if chronotype could influence response to TSD+LT, we considered 194 bipolar depressed patients. Severity of depression was rated with Hamilton Depression Rating Scale; perceived mood levels were assessed by a self-administered 10-cm visual analogue scale and chronotype was assessed using the Mornigness-Eveningness Questionnaire...
May 15, 2018: Chronobiology International
Shayer Mahmood Ibney Alam, Stephen D Sarre, Dianne Gleeson, Arthur Georges, Tariq Ezaz
Reptiles show remarkable diversity in modes of reproduction and sex determination, including high variation in the morphology of sex chromosomes, ranging from homomorphic to highly heteromorphic. Additionally, the co-existence of genotypic sex determination (GSD) and temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD) within and among sister clades makes this group an attractive model to study and understand the evolution of sex chromosomes. This is particularly so with Lizards (Order Squamata) which, among reptiles, show extraordinary morphological diversity...
May 3, 2018: Genes
Sofia Esquivel-Elizondo, Juan Maldonado, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown
Carbon monoxide (CO)-metabolism and phenotypic and phylogenetic characterization of a novel anaerobic, mesophilic and hydrogenogenic carboxydotroph are reported. Strain SVCO-16 was isolated from anaerobic sludge and grows autotrophically and mixotrophically with CO. The genes cooS and cooF, coding for a CO dehydrogenase complex, and genes similar to hycE2, encoding a CO-induced hydrogenase, were present in its genome. The isolate produces H2 and CO2 from CO, and acetate and formate from organic substrates. Based on the 16S rRNA sequence, it is an Alphaproteobacterium most closely related to the genus Pleomorphomonas (98...
June 1, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Hilary A Uyhelji, Doris M Kupfer, Vicky L White, Melinda L Jackson, Hans P A Van Dongen, Dennis M Burian
BACKGROUND: Although sleep deprivation is associated with neurobehavioral impairment that may underlie significant risks to performance and safety, there is no reliable biomarker test to detect dangerous levels of impairment from sleep loss in humans. This study employs microarrays and bioinformatics analyses to explore candidate gene expression biomarkers associated with total sleep deprivation (TSD), and more specifically, the phenotype of neurobehavioral impairment from TSD. Healthy adult volunteers were recruited to a sleep laboratory for seven consecutive days (six nights)...
May 9, 2018: BMC Genomics
Larissa Oliveira Paulista, Pedro Henrique Presumido, Joseane Debora Peruço Theodoro, Alexei Lorenzetti Novaes Pinheiro
The application of electrocoagulation (EC) and electroflotation (EF) was investigated for the treatment of poultry slaughterhouse wastewater in a bench scale unit cell electrolyzer with different EC-to-EF ratios at current densities of 3, 9, and 15 mA cm-2 . The EC-to-EF ratio was controlled by current reversal using aluminum and graphite electrodes. The electrochemical treatment showed satisfactory removal efficiencies for Al coagulant loads greater than 51.8 mg L-1 . The 4/5 EC to EF ratio (69.1 mg L-1 Al and 32...
May 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Stacey R Goldberg, Brad A Haltli, Hebelin Correa, Russell G Kerr
A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain RKSG058T , was isolated from the marine sponge Verongula gigantea, collected off the west coast of San Salvador, The Bahamas. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that RKSG058T formed a distinct lineage within the family Hahellaceae (order Oceanospirillales, class Gammaproteobacteria), and was most closely related to the genus Endozoicomonas, with sequence similarities to members of this genus ranging from 92...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Yanyan Zhang, Jichen Wang, Chijing Zuo, Weidong Chen, Qian Zhu, Dongdong Guo, Huanru Wu, Huizhuo Wang, Daiyin Peng, Lan Han
Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) induced by incomplete abortion is a common gynecological disease. Taohong Siwu decoction (TSD) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, which has been developed to treat AUB for hundreds of years. In this study, rats had incomplete abortion induced in early pregnancy using mifepristone and misoprostol. The duration and quantity of uterine bleeding were recorded and measured. The pathologic histologic grade was evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE). Estradiol (E2 ) and progesterone (P) levels were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA)...
April 14, 2018: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Rodrigo Costas, Thomas Franssen
In a recent Letter to the Editor Teixeira da Silva and Dobránszki (2018) present a discussion of the issues regarding the h-index as an indicator for the evaluation of individual scholars, particularly in the current landscape of the proliferation of online sources that provide individual level bibliometric indicators. From our point of view, the issues surrounding the h-index go far beyond the problems mentioned by TSD. In this letter we provide some overview of this, mostly by expanding TSD's original argument and discussing more conceptual and global issues related to the indicator, particularly in the outlook of a strong proliferation of online sources providing individual researcher indicators...
2018: Scientometrics
Julian Trachsel, Samuel Humphrey, Heather K Allen
A Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, butyrate-producing coccus was cultured from the distal ileum of swine. This organism was isolated on rumen-fluid medium, consumes acetate, and produces butyrate as its major end product when grown on mono- and di-saccharides. A phylogenetic analysis based on near full-length 16S rRNA gene sequences as well as whole-genome phylogenies suggests that this isolate is most closely related to species in the genus Butyricicoccus, with Butyricicoccus pullicaecorum being the closest named relative (93...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Xinxin Liu, Hua Li, Chao Jin, Gang Niu, Baoqin Guo, Yi Chen, Jian Yang
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to reveal the distinctive features of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for distinguishing brucellar spondylodiscitis (BSD) from tuberculous spondylodiscitis (TSD) in the acute and subacute stages. METHODS: This study involved 14 patients with BSD and 18 patients with TSD from May 2011 to January 2015. BSD was diagnosed based on ≥1/160 titers of a Brucella agglutination test or isolation of Brucella spp. TSD was diagnosed based on the isolation of tuberculosis bacteria...
March 30, 2018: Academic Radiology
Hirokazu Takai, Masatoshi Murayama, Sakumo Kii, Daisuke Mito, Chihiro Hayai, Satoru Motohashi, Tomoki Takahashi
PURPOSE: ADAPT is a fluoroscopic computer-assisted surgery system which intraoperatively shows the distance from the tip of the screw to the surface of the femoral head, tip-to-head-surface distance (TSD), and the tip-apex distance (TAD) advocated by Baumgaertner et al. The study evaluated the accuracy of ADAPT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 55 patients operated with ADAPT between August 2016 and March 2017 were included as subjects. TSD and TAD were measured postoperatively using computed tomography (CT) and X-rays...
March 19, 2018: Injury
Maria Moreno-Villanueva, Gudrun von Scheven, Alan Feiveson, Alexander Bürkle, Honglu Wu, Namni Goel
Study Objectives: Sleep deprivation is associated with impaired immune responses, cancer, and morbidity and mortality, and can degrade cognitive performance, although individual differences exist in such responses. Sleep deprivation induces DNA strand breaks and DNA base oxidation in animals, and psychological stress is associated with increased DNA damage in humans. It remains unknown whether sleep deprivation or psychological stress in humans affects DNA damage response from environmental stressors, and whether these responses predict cognitive performance during sleep deprivation...
March 27, 2018: Sleep
Rachel Chang, Lina Bird, Casey Barr, Magdalena Osburn, Elizabeth Wilbanks, Kenneth Nealson, Annette Rowe
A taxonomic and physiologic characterization was carried out on Thioclava strain ElOx9T , which was isolated from a bacterial consortium enriched on electrodes poised at electron donating potentials. The isolate is Gram-negative, catalase-positive and oxidase-positive; the cells are motile short rods. The bacterium is facultatively anaerobic with the ability to utilize nitrate as an electron acceptor. Autotrophic growth with H2 and S0 (oxidized to sulfate) was observed. The isolate also grows heterotrophically with organic acids and sugars...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Brenda K Schroeder, William L Schneider, Douglas G Luster, Aaron Sechler, Timothy D Murray
Aplanobacter agropyri was first described in 1915 by O'Gara and later transferred to the genus Corynebacterium by Burkholder in 1948 but it was not included in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in 1980 and, consequently, is not recognized as a validly published species. In the 1980s, bacteria resembling Corynebacterium agropyri were isolated from plant samples stored at the Washington State Mycological Herbarium and from a diseased wheatgrass plant collected in Cardwell, Montana, USA. In the framework of this study, eight additional isolates were recovered from the same herbarium plant samples in 2011...
May 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Yan Zhang, Ricardo S Hattori, Munti Sarida, Estefany L García, Carlos Augusto Strüssmann, Yoji Yamamoto
To shed light on the mechanisms of and interactions of GSD and TSD in pejerrey, we investigated how the transcriptional profiles of amhy and amha are affected by feminizing (17 °C) and masculinizing (29 °C) temperatures during the critical period of sex determination/differentiation and their relation with the expression profiles of AMH receptor type II (amhrII), gonadal aromatase (cyp19a1a), and 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 (hsd11b2). Careful consideration of the results of this study and all information currently available for this species, including similar analyzes for an intermediate, mixed-sex promoting temperature (25 °C), suggests a model for genotypic/temperature-dependent sex determination and gonadal sex differentiation that involves a) cyp19a1a-dependent, developmentally-programmed ovarian development as the default state that becomes self-sustaining in the absence of a potent and timely masculinizing stimulus, b) early, developmentally-programmed amhy expression and high temperature as masculinization signals that antagonize the putative female pathway by suppressing cyp19a1a expression, c) increasing stress response, cortisol, and the synthesis of the masculinizing androgen 11-keto-testosterone via hsd11b2 with increasing temperature that is important for masculinization in both genotypes but particularly so in XX individuals, and d) an endocrine network with positive/negative feedback mechanisms that ensure fidelity of the male/female pathway once started...
March 15, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Sarah N Powell, Megan M Wallen, Shweta Bansal, Janet Mann
Bottlenose dolphins are excellent bioindicators of ocean ecosystem health for three reasons: (a) as long-lived apex predators they accumulate biotoxins and contaminants; (b) they are visible, routinely appearing at the water's surface in coastal areas, often coming into close contact with humans; and, (c) they exhibit a range of pathogenic lesions attributable to environmental degradation. In this study, we analyzed tattoo-like skin lesions in a population of Tursiops aduncus studied for 30+years in Shark Bay, Australia, a UNESCO World Heritage Site...
July 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Li Xue Sun, Jian Teng, Yan Zhao, Ning Li, Hui Wang, Xiang Shan Ji
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, the molecular mechanisms governing TSD (temperature-dependent sex determination) or GSD + TE (genotypic sex determination + temperature effects) remain a mystery in fish. METHODS: We developed three all-female families of Nile tilapia ( Oreochromis niloticus ), and the family with the highest male ratio after high-temperature treatment was used for transcriptome analysis. RESULTS: First, gonadal histology analysis indicated that the histological morphology of control females (CF) was not significantly different from that of high-temperature-treated females (TF) at various development stages...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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