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Pregnancy Cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903665/pregnancy-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#1
REVIEW
Karen M Olsson, Richard Channick
Despite advanced therapies, maternal mortality in women with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remains high in pregnancy and is especially high during the post-partum period. However, recent data indicates that morbidity and mortality during pregnancy and after birth have improved for PAH patients. The current European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society guidelines recommend that women with PAH should not become pregnant. Therefore, the risks associated with pregnancy must be emphasised and counselling offered to women at the time of PAH diagnosis and to women with PAH who become pregnant...
December 2016: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881700/veno-venous-ecmo-as-a-safe-bridge-to-recovery-in-a-patient-with-severe-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-learning-from-errors
#2
Christopher Ull, Thomas Armin Schildhauer, Justus T Strauch, Andreas Mügge, Justyna Swol
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare disorder of unknown etiology and pathogenesis. The most important tool for diagnostic confirmation is transthoracic echocardiography. The recommended management of PPCM in pregnancy is summarized by the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Guidelines. Few data exist on the treatment of patients with fulminant PPCM and the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in this context. We report on a young multiparous woman with cardiogenic shock caused by severe PPCM who was successfully, but atypically, supported with veno-venous ECMO as a bridge to recovery immediately after the birth of her third child...
November 23, 2016: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862304/hypertension-and-pregnancy-expert-consensus-statement-from-the-french-society-of-hypertension-an-affiliate-of-the-french-society-of-cardiology
#3
Claire Mounier-Vehier, Jacques Amar, Jean-Marc Boivin, Thierry Denolle, Jean-Pierre Fauvel, Geneviève Plu-Bureau, Vassilis Tsatsaris, Jacques Blacher
High blood pressure in pregnancy remains, by its complications, the leading cause of morbidity as well as maternal and fetal mortality. The frequency (5 to 10% of pregnancies) and the potential severity of this disease, both for mother and child, encourage to standardize and to optimize our medical practices. If the short-term complications for the mother and child are well known, long-term ones for the mother are beginning to be better identified. The onset of hypertension during pregnancy disrupts the classic organization of healthcare and requires the intervention of the general practitioner and/or an obstetrician, a gynecologist, a midwife, a cardiologist, a nephrologist...
November 14, 2016: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847992/-esc-guidelines-on-atrial-fibrillation-2016-summary-of-the-most-relevant-recommendations-and-modifications
#4
L Eckardt, K G Häusler, U Ravens, M Borggrefe, P Kirchhof
The first European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines on atrial fibrillation (AF) developed in collaboration with the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS) were published in August 2016. These guidelines replace the revised guidelines from 2012 and contain some interesting new aspects. The topics range from the pathophysiology through diagnostics, therapy and stroke prevention up to special clinical situations, such as atrial fibrillation in cardiopathy, sport and pregnancy. Early screening, patient informed consent, individualized therapy and the modification of factors promoting atrial fibrillation are of particular importance...
December 2016: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817848/-results-of-percutaneous-mitral-balloon-commissurotomy-in-pregnant-women-about-12%C3%A2-cases
#5
I Zairi, K Mzoughi, F Mroua, F Ben Moussa, I Amri, S Kammoun, S Fennira, S Kraiem
INTRODUCTION: Mitral stenosis (MS) is the most common valvular heart disease revealed or exacerbated by pregnancy. Percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy (PMC) is currently the treatment of choice when mitral valve morphology is favorable. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the immediate, medium and long term results of percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy in pregnant women with a severe symptomatic mitral stenosis despite medical treatment...
November 3, 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816157/evaluation-and-management-of-maternal-cardiac-arrhythmias
#6
REVIEW
Torri D Metz, Amber Khanna
Pregnant women often complain of palpitations. The differential diagnosis for new-onset palpitations in pregnancy ranges from benign conditions to life-threatening arrhythmias. Maternal arrhythmias can occur in isolation or in the setting of underlying structural heart disease. Optimal management of maternal cardiac arrhythmias includes identification of the specific arrhythmia, diagnosis of comorbid conditions, and appropriate intervention. In general, management of maternal cardiac arrhythmias is similar to that of the general population...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788933/risk-of-aortic-dissection-in-pregnant-patients-with-the-marfan-syndrome
#7
Rafael Kuperstein, Tal Cahan, Rakefet Yoeli-Ullman, Sagit Ben Zekry, Amihay Shinfeld, Michal J Simchen
Patients with Marfan syndrome (MS) face a high risk of aortic dissection during pregnancy. A dilated aortic root (>40 to 45 mm) is considered a relative contraindication for pregnancy. We investigated the risk for aortic dissection and pregnancy outcome in patients with MS. Women with MS who attended our cardiology high-risk pregnancy clinic from 2006 to 2015 were followed clinically and with serial echocardiograms by a multidisciplinary team. Beta blockers were offered and titrated by blood pressure and heart rate...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772597/closed-mitral-commissurotomy-during-pregnancy-in-east-africa
#8
Robert Kramer, Reed Quinn, Agneta Odera, Robert Groom, Nancy Boulanger, Eric Gunnoe, Russell White
Cardiac surgeons traveling to East Africa on humanitarian surgical missions treat a large number of people of all ages with rheumatic heart disease. A patient with severe mitral stenosis with pulmonary edema in the second trimester of pregnancy was treated successfully with closed mitral commissurotomy in a hospital in rural Kenya. An operation from the late 1940s may regain prominence more than 70 years later in areas of the world with a high incidence of rheumatic heart disease and limited cardiology and cardiac surgery resources...
November 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757248/an-outbreak-investigation-of-congenital-rubella-syndrome-in-solomon-islands-2013
#9
Kara N Durski, Carol Tituli, Divi Ogaoga, Jennie Musto, Cynthia Joshua, Alfred Dofai, Jennie Leydon, Eric Nilles
INTRODUCTION: During May 2012, a rubella outbreak was declared in Solomon Islands. A suspected case of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) was reported from one hospital 11 months later in 2013. This report describes the subsequent CRS investigation, findings and measures implemented. METHODS: Prospective CRS surveillance was conducted at the newborn nursery, paediatric and post-natal wards, and the paediatric cardiology and ophthalmology clinics of the study hospital from April to July 2013...
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671176/peripartum-cardiomyopathy-in-a-pakistani-cohort
#10
Rubab Munir, Sajjad Hussain, Azhar Mahmood Kayani
OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographics, risk factors, and clinical presentation in Pakistani patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy. STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Rawalpindi Institute of Cardiology, Rawalpindi, from June 2014 to June 2015. METHODOLOGY: Seventy patients meeting criteria of peripartum cardiomyopathy were included in the study. Adetailed history, physical examination and investigations were done...
September 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512472/coronary-artery-disease-secondary-to-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-an-infrequent-cause-of-increasingly-common-pregnancy-co-morbidity
#11
Nicla A Varnier, Franzisca Pettit, David Rees, Steven Thou, Mark Brown, Amanda Henry
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease affects 0.2-4% of pregnancies. Coupled with the physiological stress of pregnancy, cardiovascular disease may present significant management challenges including appropriate risk:benefit analysis of medical and surgical management options. CASE: A 33-year-old gravida 4 para 1 miscarriage 2 presented at 18 weeks' gestation to the high-risk pregnancy service with a history of coronary artery disease and homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia...
September 2015: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504943/correlation-between-factor-vii-and-pai-1-genetic-variants-and-recurrent-miscarriage
#12
Magdalena Barlik, Agnieszka Seremak-Mrozikiewicz, Krzysztof Drews, Andrzej Klejewski, Grażyna Kurzawińska, Zdzisław Łowicki, Hubert Wolski
BACKGROUND: Polymorphisms which are presented below may be the cause of inherited thrombophilia and may result in pregnancy loss. The hypothesis is based on a number of cardiology studies which have confirmed the involvement of these polymorphisms in thrombotic incidents. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of polymorphisms of factor VII gene (Arg353Gln, -122T > C) and PAI-1 gene (-675 4G/5G) in the etiology of recurrent miscarriage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group included 152 women with a positive history of ≥ 2 consecutive pregnancy losses (114 and 38 women with 2 and ≥ 3 miscarriages, respectively), while 180 healthy women were recruited as controls...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476223/cardiac-surgery-for-valvular-heart-disease-at-a-referral-hospital-in-ethiopia-a-review-of-cases-operated-in-the-last-30-years
#13
Senbeta Guteta, Dejuma Yadeta, Aklilu Azazh, Dufera Mekonnen
BACKGROUND: Valvular heart disease has been a significant cause of heart disease worldwide. In Ethiopia, it particularly affects young individuals and constitutes the major cause of cardiovascular disease. Factors associated with choice of treatment for advanced valvular heart disease are variable. The objective of this study is to review surgery done for Ethiopian patients with valvular heart disease. METHODS: We analyzed data on patients who had valve surgery and follow-up at the Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital cardiology unit...
April 2016: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402294/-hypertension-and-pregnancy-expert-consensus-statement-from-the-french-society-of-hypertension-an-affiliate-of-the-french-society-of-cardiology
#14
Claire Mounier-Vehier, Jacques Amar, Jean-Marc Boivin, Thierry Denolle, Jean-Pierre Fauvel, Geneviève Plu-Bureau, Vassilis Tsatsaris, Jacques Blacher
High blood pressure in pregnancy remains, by its complications, the leading cause of morbidity and maternal and fetal mortality. The frequency (5 to 10% of pregnancies) and the potential severity of this disease, both for mother and child, encourage to standardize and to optimize our medical practices. This is the main objective of this work. If the short-term complications for the mother and child are well known, long-term ones for the mother beginning to be better identified (in particular, the risk of recurrence in a subsequent pregnancy, the risk of chronic hypertension and the increased risk of cardiovascular events)...
July 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384461/pulmonary-hypertension-and-pregnancy-outcomes-data-from-the-registry-of-pregnancy-and-cardiac-disease-ropac-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology
#15
Karen Sliwa, Iris M van Hagen, Werner Budts, Lorna Swan, Gianfranco Sinagra, Maryanne Caruana, Manuel Vazquez Blanco, Lodewijk J Wagenaar, Mark R Johnson, Gary Webb, Roger Hall, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink
AIMS: To describe the outcomes of pregnancy in women with pulmonary hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 2007 the European Registry on Pregnancy and Heart Disease was initiated by the European Society of Cardiology. Consecutive patients with all forms of cardiovascular disease, presenting with pregnancy, were enrolled with the aim of investigating the pregnancy outcomes. This subgroup of the cohort included 151 women with pulmonary hypertension (PH) either diagnosed by right heart catheterization or diagnosed as possible PH by echocardiographic signs, with 26% having pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), in three subgroups: idiopathic (iPAH), associated with congenital heart disease (CHD-PAH), or associated with other disease (oPAH), and 74% having PH caused by left heart disease (LHD-PH, n = 112)...
September 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376569/ventricular-tachyarrhythmia-during-pregnancy-in-women-with-heart-disease-data-from-the-ropac-a-registry-from-the-european-society-of-cardiology
#16
Ebru Ertekin, Iris M van Hagen, Amar M Salam, Titia P E Ruys, Mark R Johnson, Jana Popelova, William A Parsonage, Zeinab Ashour, Avraham Shotan, José M Oliver, Gruschen R Veldtman, Roger Hall, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink
OBJECTIVES: To describe the incidence, onset, predictors and outcome of ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VTA) in pregnant women with heart disease. BACKGROUND: VTA during pregnancy will cause maternal morbidity and even mortality and will have impact on fetal outcome. Insufficient data exist on the incidence and outcome of VTA in pregnancy. METHODS AND RESULTS: From January 2007 up to October 2013, 99 hospitals in 39 countries enrolled 2966 pregnancies in women with structural heart disease...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334027/frequency-of-miscarriage-stillbirth-and-terminations-of-pregnancy-among-women-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-germany-hungary-and-japan
#17
Marc-André Koerten, Koichiro Niwa, András Szatmári, Balint Hajnalka, Zoltán Ruzsa, Nicole Nagdyman, Eva Niggemeyer, Brigitte Peters, Karl-Theodor M Schneider, Bettina Kuschel, Yoshiko Mizuno, Felix Berger, Harald Kaemmerer, Ulrike M M Bauer
BACKGROUND: The 2011 guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) on the management of cardiovascular diseases during pregnancy define the maternal predictors for neonatal complications. The aim of this study was to determine whether these are associated with an increased number of miscarriages/stillbirths and terminations of pregnancy (TOPs) also in patients with congenital heart defects (CHD). METHODS AND RESULTS: The 634 women from Germany, Hungary and Japan were surveyed concerning the issues of sexuality and reproductive health, as well as their general life situation and medical care...
July 25, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27290803/-obstetric-management-in-patients-with-severe-pulmonary-hypertension
#18
REVIEW
Rogelio Castillo-Luna, Osvaldo Miranda-Araujo
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension is a disease of poor prognosis when is associated with pregnancy. A maternal mortality of 30-56% and a neonatal survival of approximately 85% is reported. Surveillance of patients with severe pulmonary hypertension during pregnancy must be multidisciplinary, to provide information and optimal treatment during and after gestation. Targeted therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension during pregnancy significantly reduces mortality. The critical period with respect to mortality, is the first month after birth...
December 2015: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256439/-clinical-treatment-of-infective-endocarditis-with-vegetations-in-pregnant-women-and-the-outcomes-of-gestation
#19
L Chu, J Zhang, Y N Li, X Meng, Y Y Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical treatment of infective endocarditis with vegetations in pregnant women and the outcomes of the gestation. METHODS: Nine cases of pregnant women diagnosed as infective endocarditis with vegetations in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2001 to October 2015 were enrolled in retrospective analysis. Consultations were held by doctors from department of obstetrics, anesthesiology, cardiology, cardial surgery and extracorporeal circulation to decide the individualized treatment plan for the 9 cases of pregnant women after admissions...
May 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27177511/predictive-accuracy-of-three-clinical-risk-assessment-systems-for-cardiac-complications-among-chinese-pregnant-women-with-congenital-heart-disease
#20
Qin Fu, Jianhua Lin
OBJECTIVE: To compare the predictive accuracy of three risk assessment systems for cardiac complications among pregnant women with congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: In a retrospective study, data were assessed from women with CHD at more than 20weeks of pregnancy who attended Shanghai Obstetrical Cardiology Intensive Care Center, China, between January 1, 1993 and December 31, 2014. CARPREG and ZAHARA risk scores, and modified WHO (mWHO) risk classification were applied retrospectively...
August 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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