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Simone Miyada, Artênio José Ísper Garbin, Renata Colturato Joaquim Gatto, Cléa Adas Saliba Garbin
INTRODUCTION: In the 1990s, Brazil adopted a public policy that allowed for universal, free access to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Since then, treatment adherence has become a new challenge for administrators of sexually transmitted disease/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (STD/AIDS) policies. This study quantified adherence to ART and verified whether there is an association between sociodemographic variables and clinical/laboratory data in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Fabricio Andres Lasso, Tomas Omar Zamora Bastidas, Jorge Andrés Potosí García, Bairon Díaz Idrobo
INTRODUCTION: Cryptococcosis is an opportunistic fungal infection whose etiology is Cryptococcus neofromans / C. gattii, complex which affects immunocompromised patients mainly. Meningeal infection is one of the most common presentations, but cerebellar affection is rare. CASE DESCRIPTION: Male patient with 65 old years, from an area of subtropical climate with chronic exposure to poultry, without pathological antecedents, who presented clinical picture consistent with headache, fever, seizures and altered mental status...
June 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
Ivana Cristina Vieira de Lima, Maria da Conceição Dos Santos Oliveira Cunha, Gilmara Holanda da Cunha, Marli Teresinha Gimeniz Galvão
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the reproductive aspects and knowledge of family planning among women with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). METHOD: Cross-sectional and descriptive study carried out from January to December, 2015, in the outpatient care of infectious disease unit in a hospital located in Fortaleza, Ceará. Data were collected through a form applied by interview in a private setting. RESULTS: 102 women participated in the study...
May 25, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Gabriela Tavares Magnabosco, Lívia Maria Lopes, Rubia Laine de Paula Andrade, Maria Eugênia Firmino Brunello, Aline Aparecida Monroe, Tereza Cristina Scatena Villa
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the offering of health actions and services for the control of tuberculosis for people living with HIV/AIDS being followed up in the Specialized Care Services for HIV/AIDS in Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. METHOD: quantitative, exploratory survey study. Participated 253 people living with HIV/AIDS followed up by this service, considering as inclusion criteria: individuals older than 18 years living in the city and not inmates. Data collection was conducted from January 2012 to May 2013 through interviews with the support of a specific instrument...
September 9, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Yesica Yolanda Rangel Flores
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the influence of sexual violence on the perception and management of the risk of HIV in women married to migrants. METHODS: study with an ethnographic approach carried out in urban and rural communities. Data were obtained by methodological triangulation, with participant and non-participant observation, as well as interviews. The informants were 21 women married to international migrants. The interviews were transcribed and discourse analysis was applied to them...
September 1, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Thierry Prazuck, Stephen Karon, Camelia Gubavu, Jerome Andre, Jean Marie Legall, Elisabeth Bouvet, Georges Kreplak, Jean Paul Teglas, Gilles Pialoux
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the French Health Authority approved the use of HIV self-tests in pharmacies for the general public. This screening tool will allow an increase in the number of screenings and a reduction in the delay between infection and diagnosis, thus reducing the risk of further infections. We previously compared 5 HIV-self test candidates (4 oral fluid and one whole blood) and demonstrated that the whole blood HIV test exhibited the optimal level of performance (sensitivity/specificity)...
2016: PloS One
Eva Tizón Bouza, Nerea Couto Caldelas, María Álvarez Díaz, Miriam Paula Marcos Espino, María Elena Eiroa Mejuto, Virginia Domínguez Blanco, Ingrid Domínguez Soto
AIM: By 2013, 35.3 million people are living with HIV in the world. The objective of our study is to evaluate the scientific activity and the production of VIH in Spanish between the years 2008 and 2012. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bibliometric, descriptive of cross section study of articles published between 2008 and 2012 into Spanish and Portuguese with about 14 variables. RESULTS: 830 articles have been reviewed (46.9% original articles) 141 journals other than 18 countries...
September 2015: Revista de Enfermería
Jon Salmanton-García, Zaida Herrador, Pilar Ruiz-Seco, Jesús Nzang-Esono, Veronica Bendomo, Emma Bashmakovic, Gloria Nseng-Nchama, Agustín Benito, Pilar Aparicio
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) represent a serious public health problem in Equatorial Guinea, with a prevalence of 6.2% among adults. the high-activity antiretroviral treatment (HAART) coverage data is 10 points below the overall estimate for Sub-Saharan Africa, and only 61% patients continue with HAART 12 months after it started. This study aims to assess HAART adherence and related factors in Litoral Province of Equatorial Guinea. In this cross-sectional study, socio-demographic and clinical data were collected at Regional Hospital of Bata, during June-July 2014...
2016: AIDS Care
Ana María Trejos, Lizeth Reyes, Marly Johana Bahamon, Yolima Alarcón, Gladys Gaviria
BACKGROUND: A study in five Colombian cities in 2006, confirms the findings of other international studies: the majority of HIV-positive children not know their diagnosis, caregivers are reluctant to give this information because they believe that the news will cause emotional distress to the child becoming primary purpose of this study to validate a model of revelation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We implemented a clinical model, referred to as: "DIRE" that hypothetically had normalizing effects on psychological adjustment and adherence to antiretroviral treatment of HIV seropositive children, using a quasi-experimental design...
August 2015: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Jorge Renzo Tello-Velásquez, Bruno Eduardo Díaz-Llanes, Edward Mezones-Holguín, Alfonso J Rodríguez-Morales, Charles Huamaní, Adrián V Hernández, Jorge Arévalo-Abanto
This cross-sectional study analyzed the association between poor quality of sleep and adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in 389 Peruvian patients with HIV/AIDS. Poor quality of sleep was measured with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and adherence with the CEAT-VIH (Peruvian adaptation). A Poisson generalized linear model with robust standard errors was used to estimate prevalence ratios and 95%CI. A crude model showed that mild, moderate, and severe poor quality of sleep were associated with inadequate treatment adherence...
May 2015: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
María Del Carmen Cabrera-Aponte, David Pérez-Jiménez, Irma Serrano-García, Nelson Varas-Díaz
The study of stereotypes about feminine sexuality contributes to the understanding of the increase of HIV/AIDS cases through sexual transmission among heterosexual women. We administered a self-report questionnaire to 105 heterosexual women to explore stereotypes of feminine sexuality as well as their sexual behaviors. Seventy percent of the participants practiced vaginal penetration with their partners in the last three months and, of these, 67% never used condoms. Most women did not practice non-penetrative behaviors such as masturbation...
2009: Ciencias de la Conducta: Revista del Centro Caribeño de Estudios Post-Graduados
M Concepción Romero-Sánchez, Ana I Alvarez-Ríos, Enrique Bernal-Morell, Miguel Genebat, Francisco Vera, Mohammed Rafii-El-Idrissi Benhnia, Joaquín Bravo-Urbieta, Carlos Galera-Peñaranda, Rebeca S de Pablo-Bernal, María Antonia Abad-Carrillo, Manuel Leal, Ezequiel Ruiz-Mateos
Novel strategies are necessary to decrease inflammatory parameters in successfully treated HIV-infected patients. Our aim was to evaluate the maintenance of viral suppression and potential changes in inflammatory, immune-activation and coagulation biomarkers in virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients switched to a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-sparing (NRTI) and maraviroc (MVC)-containing combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). Fifty-eight HIV-infected patients were observed after their treatment regimens were changed to MVC 150mg/once daily plus ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor therapy...
November 2014: Antiviral Research
N L Nsiangani, D Kaimbo Wa Kaimbo, M K Kapepela
OBJECTIVE: to determine the frequency of ocular manifestations in Congolese children aged 0 to 15 years infected with HIV/AIDS and to identify the predicted clinical and/or biological elements. METHODS: This was a prospective, descriptive and cross-sectional study performed from November 2010 to April 2011 in five sanitary structures who take care of children infected with HIV/AIDS. During the period of study, one hundred children infected with VIH/AIDS were examined...
2013: Bulletin de la Société Belge D'ophtalmologie
Ana Catarina Rodrigues da Silva Reis, Marina Natália Prista Guerra, Leonor Mendes de Freitas Queirós E Lencastre
The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between treatment adherence and subjective well-being (positive and negative affects and satisfaction with life) in HIV/AIDS infection. The empirical study was conducted at two Portuguese hospitals (Porto and Lisbon) with a sample of 197 outpatients diagnosed with HIV/AIDS attending the Infectology service and on antiretroviral medication, during a 6-month period (February-July 2009). All patients were asked for voluntary fulfillment of the questionnaire which recorded information on different socio-demographic variables...
2013: AIDS Care
Pilar Olea, Jorge Pinilla
Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by the protozoa of the genus Leishmania transmitted by sandfly bites. It causes subclinical infection and diverse clinical manifestations with cutaneous, mucosal or visceral involvement. The last one, called visceral leishmaniasis, is usually fatal without treatment and in VIH patients with deep immunosuppression, has been recognized as an opportunistic infection with a high degree of difficulty in diagnosis and treatment. We present the case of a patient with HIV infection and visceral leishmaniasis...
April 2013: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Raúl Romero-Cabello, Javier Villagroy Gómez, Mercedes Hernández González, Raúl Romero Feregrino
Strongyloidiasis is caused by Strongyloides stercoralis, which commonly produces gastrointestinal problems. If immune systems are compromised, the nematode larvae may spread and produce Strongyloides hyperinfection. Diagnosis of strongyloidiasis is based on the observation of larvae in coproparasitological studies. We present a case of a 49-year-oldman, VIH, who developed Strongyloides hyperinfection, diagnosed postmortem. Our patient reached the dissemination stage, which resulted in severe damage to the stomach and intestine, perforation of the intestinal wall, as well as sepsis due to the dissemination of bacteria...
November 30, 2012: BMJ Case Reports
P G Sow, I P Ndiaye, M Soumare, A M Dieye, I Traore, F B Diallo
CONTEXT: The long term treatment of VIH/SIDA puts down majors risks among which the happening of virological failure or resistance to the anti-retroviral treatment at the patient. OBJECTIVE: To study the cases of resistance to antiretroviral to a cohort of 70 patients of the social hygiene of Dakar. METHOD: This is a retrospective study of the medical records of 70 patients followed in the social hygiene of Dakar during 24 mouths. Data were gathered with the help of form having following variables: The period of meadow inclusion; The period of inclusion; The period of rebound virological; The rate of CD4 count; The viral load and weight of patients...
2011: Le Mali Médical
Victoria Hernando, Paz Sobrino-Vegas, M Carmen Burriel, Juan Berenguer, Gemma Navarro, Ignacio Santos, Jesús Reparaz, M Angeles Martínez, Antonio Antela, Félix Gutiérrez, Julia del Amo
OBJECTIVES: To compare causes of death (CoDs) from two independent sources: National Basic Death File (NBDF) and deaths reported to the Spanish HIV Research cohort [Cohort de adultos con infección por VIH de la Red de Investigación en SIDA CoRIS)] and compare the two coding algorithms: International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) and revised version of Coding Causes of Death in HIV (revised CoDe). METHODS: Between 2004 and 2008, CoDs were obtained from the cohort records (free text, multiple causes) and also from NBDF (ICD-10)...
September 10, 2012: AIDS
Dervel F Díaz, Eva Ortiz, Dayamí Martín, Carmen Nibot, Adis Rizo, Eladio Silva
INTRODUCTION Differentiating between HIV-1 and HIV-2 infection is the first step to understanding HIV transmission, epidemiology and pathogenesis in geographical areas where both viruses circulate. In Cuba, positive results in mixed HIV-1/2 screening assays are confirmed by HIV-1 Western blot. Indeterminate results constitute the main limitation of this test and HIV-2 infection is among their possible causes; hence the importance of second-stage screening and confirmatory tests for HIV-2 infection. OBJECTIVE Investigate the contribution of HIV-2 antibodies to negative or indeterminate HIV-1 Western blot results in serum samples from 2005 through 2008 in Cuba...
January 2012: MEDICC Review
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