keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Spinal infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433727/superficial-swab-versus-deep-tissue-biopsy-for-the-microbiological-diagnosis-of-local-infection-in-advanced-stage-pressure-ulcers-of-spinal-cord-injured-patients-a-prospective-study
#1
Sara Tedeschi, Luca Negosanti, Rossella Sgarzani, Filippo Trapani, Salvatore Pignanelli, Micaela Battilana, Rita Capirossi, Donatella Brillanti Ventura, Maddalena Giannella, Michele Bartoletti, Fabio Tumietto, Francesco Cristini, Pierluigi Viale
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of superficial ulcer swab culture to make a microbiological diagnosis of deep wound infections in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients with advanced-stage pressure ulcers (PU). METHODS: From July 2011 to February 2014, we performed a prospective, single-centre study on adult SCI patients undergoing scheduled surgical debridement and reconstruction for advanced-stage PU, at Montecatone Rehabilitation Institute, a 150-bed hospital dedicated to SCI care...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431283/zika-virus-infection-of-adult-and-fetal-stat2-knock-out-hamsters
#2
Venkatraman Siddharthan, Arnaud J Van Wettere, Rong Li, Jinxin Miao, Zhongde Wang, John D Morrey, Justin G Julander
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection was investigated in adult and fetal STAT2 knock-out (KO) hamsters. Subcutaneous injection of ZIKV of adults resulted in morbidity, mortality, and infection of the uterus, placenta, brain, spinal cord, and testicles, thus providing an opportunity to evaluate congenital ZIKV infection in a second rodent species besides mice. ZIKV-infected cells with morphologies of Sertoli cells and spermatogonia were observed in the testes, which may have implications for sexual transmission and male sterility...
April 18, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430048/a-spinal-epidural-abscess-due-to-streptobacillus-moniliformis-infection-following-a-rat-bite-case-report
#3
Alexander Hammer, Dorit Wolff, Walter Geißdörfer, Michael Schrey, Renate Ziegler, Hans-Herbert Steiner, Christian Bogdan
The authors describe the case of a 40-year-old man suffering from an epidural abscess in the thoracic spine due to a rarely isolated pathogen, Streptobacillus moniliformis, the causative agent of rat bite fever. Besides diffuse abdominal pain, ataxia, paresthesia, hypesthesia, and enhanced reflexes of the lower extremities, the patient suffered from a decreased sensation of bladder filling. His history was also positive for a rat bite 6 weeks earlier. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an epidural, space-occupying lesion compressing the spinal cord at the vertebral levels of T6-8...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428485/pathological-lesions-in-the-central-nervous-system-and-peripheral-tissues-of-ddy-mice-with-street-rabies-virus-1088-strain
#4
Kazunori Kimitsuki, Kentaro Yamada, Nozomi Shiwa, Satoshi Inoue, Akira Nishizono, Chun-Ho Park
Most studies on rabies virus pathogenesis in animal models have employed fixed rabies viruses, and the results of those employing street rabies viruses have been inconsistent. Therefore, to clarify the pathogenesis of street rabies virus (1088 strain) in mice, 10(6) focus forming units were inoculated into the right hindlimb of ddY mice (6 weeks, female). At 3 days postinoculation (DPI), mild inflammation was observed in the hindlimb muscle. At 5 DPI, ganglion cells in the right lumbosacral spinal dorsal root ganglia showed chromatolysis...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428080/the-effect-of-preoperative-lumbar-epidural-corticosteroid-injection-on-post-operative-infection-rate-in-patients-undergoing-single-level-lumbar-decompression
#5
Jonathan G Seavey, George C Balazs, Theodore Steelman, Melvin Helgeson, David E Gwinn, Scott C Wagner
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Lumbar epidural corticosteroid injections (LECI) are frequently used in the treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc herniation with radiculopathy and lumbar spinal stenosis. Although widely utilized, their effect on the outcomes and complications of subsequent surgery is unclear. Post-operative infection can be a morbid complication following spine surgery, and recent literature has suggested that the risk may be increased in patients undergoing lumbar spinal surgery who had previously received LECI...
April 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427121/-efficacy-and-safety-of-vertebrae-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy-by-posterior-trans-apical-for-correction-of-severe-and-rigid-idiopathic-scoiiosis
#6
T Xu, Maimaiti Maierdan, H L Guo, Maimaiti Pulati, J Sheng, Q Deng, W B Sheng
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pedicle subtraction osteotomy for correction of severe rigid idiopathic scoliosis. Methods: From January 2003 to December 2014, eighteen patients with severe rigid idiopathic scoliosis were treated by posterior wedge osteotomy in department of spinal surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University. There were 5 males and 13 females, and the average age at was (16.9±9.1)years, and the average follow-up was 47.6 months. The coronal and sagittal Cobb's angles, sagittal trunk shifts, apical vertebral translation, height change and fusion segments were measured on standing AP and lateral radiographs before, after surgery and the final follow-up...
April 18, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426535/frailty-in-hiv-infected-people-a-new-risk-factor-for-bone-mineral-density-loss
#7
Sylvie Bregigeon, Anne Galinier, Olivia Zaegel-Faucher, Carla E Cano, Véronique Obry, Hélène Laroche, Sophie Trijau, Armelle Saout, Isabelle Poizot-Martin
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and frailty in a cohort of HIV-infected patients. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in an HIV outpatient unit where nearly 1,000 patients are monitored. METHODS: Subjects undergoing bone densitometry were proposed an evaluation of frailty using criteria of the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) and the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF). Frailty markers (FM) were weight-loss, self-reported exhaustion, physical activity, grip strength, chair stands, and slow gait...
April 19, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422797/response-to-the-letter-spinal-implants-can-be-inserted-in-patients-with-deep-spine-infection-results-from-a-large-cohort-study
#8
Hwee Weng Dennis Hey, Nathaniel Li Wen Ng, Chuen-Seng Tan, Dale Fisher, Anupama Vasudevan, Gabriel Ka-Po Liu, Joseph Thambiah, Naresh Kumar, Leok-Lim Lau, Hee-Kit Wong, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420330/anti-mog-antibody-positive-adem-following-infectious-mononucleosis-due-to-a-primary-ebv-infection-a-case-report
#9
Yoshitsugu Nakamura, Hideto Nakajima, Hiroki Tani, Takafumi Hosokawa, Shimon Ishida, Fumiharu Kimura, Kimihiko Kaneko, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Ichiro Nakashima
BACKGROUND: Anti-Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibodies are detected in various demyelinating diseases, such as pediatric acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), recurrent optic neuritis, and aquaporin-4 antibody-seronegative neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder. We present a patient who developed anti-MOG antibody-positive ADEM following infectious mononucleosis (IM) due to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year-old healthy man developed paresthesia of bilateral lower extremities and urinary retention 8 days after the onset of IM due to primary EBV infection...
April 19, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419136/occurrence-of-leishmania-infantum-in-the-central-nervous-system-of-naturally-infected-dogs-parasite-load-viability-co-infections-and-histological-alterations
#10
Valéria da Costa Oliveira, Viviane Cardoso Boechat, Artur Augusto Velho Mendes Junior, Maria de Fátima Madeira, Luiz Claudio Ferreira, Fabiano Borges Figueiredo, Monique Paiva Campos, Francisco das Chagas de Carvalho Rodrigues, Raquel de Vasconcellos Carvalhaes de Oliveira, Maria Regina Reis Amendoeira, Rodrigo Caldas Menezes
Zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis is caused by the protozoan Leishmania infantum and little is known about the occurrence and pathogenesis of this parasite in the CNS. The aims of this study were to evaluate the occurrence, viability and load of L. infantum in the CNS, and to identify the neurological histological alterations associated with this protozoan and its co-infections in naturally infected dogs. Forty-eight Leishmania-seropositive dogs from which L. infantum was isolated after necropsy were examined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418830/increased-neurotropic-threat-from-burkholderia-pseudomallei-strains-with-a-b-mallei-like-variation-in-the-bima-motility-gene-australia
#11
Jodie L Morris, Anne Fane, Derek S Sarovich, Erin P Price, Catherine M Rush, Brenda L Govan, Elizabeth Parker, Mark Mayo, Bart J Currie, Natkunam Ketheesan
Neurologic melioidosis is a serious, potentially fatal form of Burkholderia pseudomallei infection. Recently, we reported that a subset of clinical isolates of B. pseudomallei from Australia have heightened virulence and potential for dissemination to the central nervous system. In this study, we demonstrate that this subset has a B. mallei-like sequence variation of the actin-based motility gene, bimA. Compared with B. pseudomallei isolates having typical bimA alleles, isolates that contain the B. mallei-like variation demonstrate increased persistence in phagocytic cells and increased virulence with rapid systemic dissemination and replication within multiple tissues, including the brain and spinal cord, in an experimental model...
May 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417614/spinal-epidural-abscess-caused-by-brucella-species-a-review-of-17-cases
#12
Qin Zhang, Xiaohui Yang, Honglin Yu, Benrang Jia, Bin Meng
BACKGROUND: Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a rarely encountered clinical entity during the course of Brucella infection. METHODS: We reported 17 patients diagnosed with Brucellar SEA for a mean follow-up of 15 months. Spinal epidural abscess was detected by magnetic resonance imaging in all cases. Brucella diagnosis was established by serological tests. Patients were administered antibiotics for duration of 6 to 16 weeks. RESULTS: SEA was localized in lumbar region in 9 patients, thoracic in 4 patients, cervical in 3 patients, both thoracic and lumbar in 1 patient...
June 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416829/-clinical-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-cultured-negative-pyogenic-spondylitis
#13
Y P Cui, C Mi, X D Shi, B Wang, Y X Pan, Y F Lin
OBJECTIVE: There are limited data describing the clinical characteristics and prognosis of culture negative pyogenic spondylitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the treatment, prognosis and clinical characteristics of culture negative pyogenic spondylitis. METHODS: A retrospective study reviewed 74 patients who were diagnosed with spondylitis in Peking University First Hospital from January 2010 to December 2015. A total of 27 patients suffered from pyogenic spondylitis...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414168/decompression-alone-versus-fusion-for-pyogenic-spondylodiscitis
#14
Sung Hyun Noh, Ho Yeol Zhang, Hyun Sun Lim, Hyeon Jin Song, Kyung Hwa Yang
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: A spinal infection is a serious problem for a spine surgeon, and there is currently much debate regarding how best to treat pyogenic spondylodiscitis using antibiotics and the instrumentations that have been developed to date. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine which is better method for treating pyogenic spondylodiscitis. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: A retrospective chart review was performed. PATIENT SAMPLE: Thirty-one patients with pyogenic spondylodiscitis underwent surgical treatment between 2000 and 2016 at the authors' institution...
April 13, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407430/chronic-urinary-tract-infections-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-lesions-biofilm-infection-with-need-for-long-term-antibiotic-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Nete Tofte, Alex C Y Nielsen, Hannah Trøstrup, Christine B Andersen, Michael Von Linstow, Birgitte Hansen, Fin Biering-Sørensen, Niels Høiby, Claus Moser
Patients suffering from spinal cord injuries resulting in complete or incomplete paraplegia or tetraplegia are highly disposed to frequent, recurrent or even chronic urinary tract infections (UTIs). The reason for the increased risk of acquiring UTIs is multifactorial, including reduced sensation of classical UTI symptoms, incomplete bladder emptying, frequent catheterizations or chronic urinary tract catheters. Biofilms in relation to UTIs have been shown both on catheters, on concrements or as intracellular bacterial communities (IBCs)...
April 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407019/comparison-between-titanium-mesh-and-autogenous-iliac-bone-graft-to-restore-vertebral-height-through-posterior-approach-for-the-treatment-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spinal-tuberculosis
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yongjian Gao, Yunsheng Ou, Qianxing Deng, Bin He, Xing Du, Jianxiao Li
OBJECT: To compare the clinical efficacy of titanium mesh cages and autogenous iliac bone graft to restore vertebral height through posterior approach in patients with thoracic and lumbar spinal tuberculosis. METHOD: 59 patients with spinal tuberculosis underwent interbody fusion and internal fixation through posterior approach in our department from January 2011 to December 2013. In group A, 34 patients obtained titanium mesh for the reconstruction of vertebral height, among them 25 patients (group A1) suffered from single-segment spinal tuberculosis, and 9 patients, (group A2) had multi-segment spinal tuberculosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404617/short-term-use-of-oral-corticosteroids-and-related-harms-among-adults-in-the-united-states-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Akbar K Waljee, Mary A M Rogers, Paul Lin, Amit G Singal, Joshua D Stein, Rory M Marks, John Z Ayanian, Brahmajee K Nallamothu
Objective To determine the frequency of prescriptions for short term use of oral corticosteroids, and adverse events (sepsis, venous thromboembolism, fractures) associated with their use.Design Retrospective cohort study and self controlled case series.Setting Nationwide dataset of private insurance claims.Participants Adults aged 18 to 64 years who were continuously enrolled from 2012 to 2014.Main outcome measures Rates of short term use of oral corticosteroids defined as less than 30 days duration. Incidence rates of adverse events in corticosteroid users and non-users...
April 12, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400726/review-of-epidural-spinal-cord-stimulation-for-augmenting-cough-after-spinal-cord-injury
#18
REVIEW
Jan T Hachmann, Jonathan S Calvert, Peter J Grahn, Dina I Drubach, Kendall H Lee, Igor A Lavrov
Spinal cord injury (SCI) remains a debilitating condition for which there is no cure. In addition to loss of somatic sensorimotor functions, SCI is also commonly associated with impairment of autonomic function. Importantly, cough dysfunction due to paralysis of expiratory muscles in combination with respiratory insufficiency can render affected individuals vulnerable to respiratory morbidity. Failure to clear sputum can aggravate both risk for and severity of respiratory infections, accounting for frequent hospitalizations and even mortality...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399551/risks-factors-for-reoperation-in-patients-treated-surgically-for-degenerative-spondylolisthesis-a-subanalysis-of-the-8-year-data-from-the-sport-trial
#19
Michael C Gerling, Dante Leven, Peter G Passias, Virgnie Lafage, Kristina Bianco, Alexandra Lee, Tamara S Morgan, Jon D Lurie, Tor D Tosteson, Wenyan Zhao, Kevin F Spratt, Kristen Radcliff, Thomas J Errico
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospective data from the degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) arm of the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for reoperation in patients treated surgically for DS and compare outcomes between patients who underwent reoperation with non-reoperative patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Several studies have examined outcomes following surgery for DS, but few have identified risk factors for reoperation...
April 10, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399544/intrawound-tobramycin-powder-eradicates-surgical-wound-contamination-an-in-vivo-rabbit-study
#20
Joseph L Laratta, Jamal N Shillingford, Nathan Hardy, Joseph M Lombardi, Comron Saifi, Alexander Romanov, Lawrence G Lenke, Ronald A Lehman, K Daniel Riew
STUDY DESIGN: Therapeutic anti-infective trial in rabbitsOBJECTIVE.: The purpose of the present study was to assess the efficacy of intrawound tobramycin powder in terms of eradicating a known bacterial contamination in an Escherichia coli infected rabbit spinal implantation model. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Implant-associated surgical site infections (SSI) remain a dreaded complication of spinal surgery. Currently, over 30% of all spine SSIs are secondary to gram-negative bacteria...
April 10, 2017: Spine
keyword
keyword
60130
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"