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Urodynamics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542221/urinary-leakage-during-sexual-intercourse-among-women-with-incontinence-incidence-and-risk-factors
#1
Hui-Hsuan Lau, Wen-Chu Huang, Tsung-Hsien Su
BACKGROUND: Coital incontinence is an under-reported disorder among women with urinary incontinence. Women seldom voluntarily report this condition, and as such, related data remains limited and is at times conflicting. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence and quality of life in women with coital incontinence and to determine associated predictors. METHODS: This observational study involved 505 sexually active women attending the urogynecologic clinic for symptomatic urinary incontinence at a tertiary medical center...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538709/minimal-invasive-cystometry-and-intra-abdominal-pressure-assessments-in-rodents-a-novel-animal-study
#2
Yafei Yang, Jin Yang, Lin Chen, Jianyun Hu, Shasha Xing, Bastian Amend, Arnulf Stenzl, Xin Wei, Haifeng Hu
BACKGROUND The abdominal straining pattern can act as a novel parameter for improving the prediction of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). To preserve detrusor function in the early stage of urinary system impairment, such as BOO, we establish a novel method for cystometry and Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) assessments in rodents without cystostomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty mice and rats were divided into three groups (control, sham-operated and BOO group) respectively. The cystometry and IAP assessments were measured by the pediatric venous indwelling sheath and coronary dilatation catheter connected to Laborie urodynamic system on postoperative day 7...
May 24, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537692/long-term-response-of-different-botulinum-toxins-in-refractory-neurogenic-detrusor-overactivity-due-to-spinal-cord-injury
#3
Giuseppe Lombardi, Stefania Musco, Giovanni Bacci, Maria Celso, Valerio Bellio, Giulio Del Popolo
PURPOSE: To assess the response in spinal cord injured patients alternatively treated with different types and dosages of Botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A) over 15 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients who underwent first BoNT/A from 1999-2001 and practiced intermittent catheterization were included. Baseline 3-day bladder diary (BD) and urodynamics were collected. BoNT/A failure was defined when patients asked for re-injection ≤ 3 months post-treatment. Criteria for re-injection was at least one daily episode of urinary incontinence at BD...
May 23, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528343/the-dome-wall-of-bladder-acts-as-a-pacemaker-site-in-detrusor-instability-in-rats
#4
Yan-Lan Yu, Qian He, Gong-Hui Li, Sheng Chen
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to confirm that the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) in the dome wall of the bladder are pacemaker cells, and that the dome wall of the bladder acts as a pacemaker site in the detrusor instability (DI) rat model. MATERIAL AND METHODS The model of DI in Wistar rats was established and urodynamic studies measuring the bladder volume and pressure were performed. The detrusor excitability was investigated using the amplitude and frequency of phasic contraction of strips. The localization and quantity of ICCs was identified by immunohistochemistry and c-KIT protein expression in the rat bladder...
May 21, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525663/management-of-male-and-female-neurogenic-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-spinal-cord-injured-sci-patients-using-adjustable-continence-therapy
#5
Enrico Ammirati, Alberto Manassero, Alessandro Giammò, Roberto Carone
INTRODUCTION: Artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) is an option for the treatment of neurogenic stress urinary incontinence (nSUI), but complications and re-operation rates are high, and there is no clear indication from guidelines (1). The aim of our study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a less invasive continence device in neurogenic population: Adjustable Continence Therapy ProACT/ACT®. METHODS: We retrospectively includedpatients with spinal cord injuries in this study, complaining of nSUI and treated at our Institution with Pro-ACT/ACT® implantation...
May 16, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515809/prospective-evaluation-of-anxiety-pain-and-embarrassment-associated-with-cystoscopy-and-urodynamic-testing-in-clinical-practice
#6
Xavier Biardeau, Ornella Lam, Van Ba, Lysanne Campeau, Jacques Corcos
INTRODUCTION: We sought to prospectively assess anxiety, pain, and embarrassment associated with diagnostic cystoscopy and multi-channel urodynamic study (UDS). METHODS: All consecutive patients undergoing diagnostic cystoscopy or UDS in our department over a period of nine months were asked to participate. Two anonymous auto-administered questionnaires were specifically designed to collect basic epidemiological data, document medical history, and assess the quality of information provided, along with prevalence and level (0-10 numerical visual analog rating scale) of anxiety, pain, and embarrassment experienced before and/or during the procedures...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508889/influence-of-bladder-lithiasis-on-lower-urinary-tract-dynamics-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#7
M Vírseda-Chamorro, J Salinas-Casado, Á Barroso-Manso, P Gutiérrez-Martín, M E Fuertes
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective and a case-matched control study. OBJECTIVES: To study the lower urinary tract dysfunction associated with bladder lithiasis in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Toledo (Spain). METHODS: We have carried out a urodynamic study in 30 patients with SCI with lithiasis in their bladder before and 3 months after bladder endoscopic lithotripsy. This second study was compared with the urodynamic findings of a different group of 30 patients with SCI, without a history of bladder lithiasis, paired with cases by gender and date of urodynamic study...
May 16, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507631/voiding-urosonography-with-second-generation-ultrasound-contrast-agent-for-diagnosis-of-vesicoureteric-reflux-first-local-pilot-study
#8
Dafina Kuzmanovska, Aleksandar Risteski, Margarita Kambovska, Tase Trpcevski, Emilija Sahpazova, Mile Petrovski
BACKGROUND: Vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) is an important association of paediatric urinary tract infection (UTI) found in 30-50% of all children presenting with first UTI. Contrast-enhanced voiding ultrasonography (ceVUS) has become an important radiation-free method for VUR detection in children. Its sensitivity in detecting VUR has greatly improved due to the development of the contrast-specific ultrasound techniques and the introduction of the second-generation ultrasound contrast agent, superseding the diagnostic accuracy of standard radiological procedures...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506877/clinical-practice-guidelines-synthesis-of-the-guidelines-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-primary-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-women-by-the-afu-cngof-sifud-pp-snfcp-and-scgp
#9
L Le Normand, M Cosson, F Cour, X Deffieux, L Donon, P Ferry, B Fatton, J-F Hermieu, H Marret, G Meurette, A Cortesse, L Wagner, X Fritel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506861/do-urinary-leakage-circumstances-in-women-with-urinary-incontinence-correlate-with-physician-diagnosis-and-urodynamic-results-a-questionnaire-validation-study
#10
Krystel Nyangoh Timoh, Arnaud Fauconnier, Marion Ravit, Georges Bader, Catalina Varas Ramos, Xavier Fritel
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if leakage circumstances collected using the Urinary Leakage Circumstances Questionnaire (ULCQ) are correlated with physician diagnosis and urodynamic results and resolve after surgery. METHODS: The ULCQ was developed to investigate leakage circumstances encountered by incontinent women. Women completed both the ULCQ and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI SF) before clinical and urodynamic exam...
May 12, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503317/diagnostic-accuracy-of-single-channel-cystometry-for-neurogenic-bladder-diagnosis-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-pilot-study
#11
Akmal Hafizah Zamli, Kavitha Ratnalingam, Yusma Asni Yusmido, Kuo Ghee Ong
INTRODUCTION: This is a cross-sectional study of 1 year duration (August 2013 to August 2014). The objective of the study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of single channel cystometry (SCC) for confirmation of neurogenic bladder following spinal cord injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in both out-patient and in-patient services of Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Malaysia. Subjects in the study include sixteen patients with a clinical diagnosis of neurogenic bladder following spinal cord injury aged between 15 and 62 years...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500515/outpatient-mid-urethral-tissue-fixation-system-sling-for-urodynamic-stress-urinary-incontinence-3-year-surgical-and-quality-of-life-results
#12
Ryoko Nakamura, Masahiro Yao, Yoshiko Maeda, Akiko Fujisaki, Yuki Sekiguchi
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and quality of life (QOL) of outpatient mid-urethral tissue fixation system sling (TFS) procedures for urodynamic stress urinary incontinence (SUI) at 3-year follow-up. METHODS: We analyzed 50 mid-urethral TFS sling operations between 2007 and 2012 at Yokohama Motomachi Women's Clinic LUNA. The primary outcome was success defined as a negative 24-h pad test, negative cough and Valsalva stress test, and no re-treatment for SUI...
May 12, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499730/effects-of-withdrawing-alpha-1-blocker-from-the-combination-therapy-with-alpha-1-blocker-and-5-alpha-reductase-inhibitor-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-suggestive-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-a-prospective-and-comparative-trial-using-urodynamics
#13
Yoshihisa Matsukawa, Shun Takai, Yasuhito Funahashi, Tsuyoshi Majima, Masashi Kato, Tokunori Yamamoto, Momokazu Gotoh
PURPOSE: To compare the effects on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and bladder outlet obstruction between combination therapy with α1 blocker and 5α-reductase inhibitor and a switch to 5α-reductase inhibitor monotherapy, and determine the factors influencing changes in LUTS after α1 blocker withdrawal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred and forty outpatients with LUTS suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia received combination therapy with silodosin 8 mg/day and dutasteride 0...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490209/retrospective-analysis-in-46-women-with-vulvovaginal-atrophy-treated-with-ospemifene-for-12-weeks-improvement-in-overactive-bladder-symptoms
#14
Michele Carlo Schiavi, Marzio Angelo Zullo, Pierangelo Faiano, Ottavia D'Oria, Giovanni Prata, Vanessa Colagiovanni, Andrea Giannini, Chiara Di Tucci, Giorgia Perniola, Violante Di Donato, Marco Monti, Ludovico Muzii, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of ospemifene in the improvement of overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms in postmenopausal women affected by vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA). METHODS: Forty-six postmenopausal patients affected by VVA with OAB syndrome were enrolled for the study. All patients received Ospemifene 60 mg for 12 weeks. Clinical examination, 3-day voiding diary, urodynamic testing, ultrasound measurement of endometrial and bladder wall thickness (BWT) and the Vaginal Health Index (VHI) were performed at baseline and 12 weeks...
May 11, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479762/transurethral-resection-of-prostate-in-benign-prostatic-enlargement-with-underactive-bladder-a-retrospective-outcome-analysis
#15
Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Rahul Janak Sinha, Bimalesh Purkait, Vishwajeet Singh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome and efficacy of transurethral resection of the prostate in patients of benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) with underactive bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 174 patients, who underwent transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) between 2008 and 2015, for lower urinary tract symptoms with BPE with bladder underactivity. Clinical history, physical examination, renal function test, urinalysis, cystourethroscopy, transabdominal or transrectal ultrasonography, and urodynamic study were recorded...
April 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467128/cystodistension-is-there-evidence-to-support-its-use-in-current-practice-for-patients-with-overactive-bladder
#16
Aswini Balachandran, Jonathan Duckett
Cystoscopy and cystodistension have been part of common treatment protocols for a variety of bladder conditions for many years. However, the science behind the procedure is not strong and continued use of the operation may not be justified. Much research is old and was not planned or executed with the current rigour demanded by current trial methods. Newer treatments such as intravesical botulinum toxin have been extensively researched and found to be effective. This review article aimed to review the evidence behind the use of cystodistension for overactive bladder (OAB) with the aim of identifying the weaknesses in the current evidence...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464312/retropubic-versus-transobturator-tension-free-vaginal-tape-tvt-vs-tvt-o-five-year-results-of-the-austrian-randomized-trial
#17
Ayman Tammaa, Thomas Aigmüller, Engelbert Hanzal, Wolfgang Umek, Stephan Kropshofer, Peter F J Lang, George Ralph, Paul Riss, Dieter Koelle, Katharina Jundt, Karl Tamussino, Vesna Bjelic-Radisic
AIMS: To compare outcomes of the retropubic versus the transobturator tension-free vaginal tape (TVT vs TVT-O) at 5 years. METHODS: A total of 569 women undergoing surgery for primary stress incontinence were randomized to receive a retropubic or a transobturator tensionfree vaginal tape (TVT or TVT-O). Follow-up at 5 years included clinical examination, urodynamic studies and quality of life. The primary outcome measure was continence defined as a negative cough stress test at a volume of 300 mL...
May 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453959/uroflowmetric-changes-success-rate-and-complications-following-tension-free-vaginal-tape-obturator-tvt-o-operation-in-obese-females
#18
Reham Fouad, Yahia M El-Faissal, Ahmed T Hashem, Sherine H Gad Allah
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the outcome of Tension-free Vaginal Tape Obturator (TVT-O) operation in the treatment of urodynamic stress incontinence (USI) in obese females, with respect to uroflowmetric changes, success rate and postoperative complications. METHODS: This prospective observational study included 26 patients with USI at the Obstetrics & Gynecology department-Cairo University hospital during the year 2015. The participants had body mass index (BMI)≥30...
April 23, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444714/is-testosterone-important-in-lut-function-in-men-and-women-ici-rs-2015
#19
REVIEW
Jasmin Katrin Badawi, Ruud Bosch, Jens Christian Djurhuus, Ann T Hanna-Mitchell
AIM: This review article is a collaborative report based upon the Authors' presentations and Group discussion on the role of testosterone (T) in the male and female lower urinary tract (LUT) which took place at the 6th International Consultation on Incontinence Research Society's (ICI-RS) annual meeting, in Bristol, UK (September 8-10, 2015). METHODS: It comprises overviews and opinions on both the current state of knowledge of the role of T in LUT function and dysfunction in both sexes...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444713/do-we-assess-urethral-function-adequately-in-lutd-and-nlutd-ici-rs-2015
#20
REVIEW
Jerzy B Gajewski, Peter F W M Rosier, Sajjad Rahnama'i, Paul Abrams
INTRODUCTION: Urethral function, as well as anatomy, play a significant role in voiding reflex and abnormalities in one or both contribute to the pathophysiology of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction (LUTD). We have several diagnostic tools to assess the urethral function or dysfunction but the question remains, are these adequate? METHODS: This is a report of the proceedings of Think Tank P1: 'Do we assess urethral function adequately in LUTD and NLUTD?' from the annual International Consultation on Incontinence-Research Society, which took place September 22-24, 2014 in Bristol, UK...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
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