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Tara Rheault, Sanjeev Khindri, Mitra Vahdati-Bolouri, Alison Church, William A Fahy
This study compared the efficacy and safety of once-daily umeclidinium 62.5 µg with once-daily glycopyrronium 50 µg in patients with moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This was a 12-week, multicentre, randomised, open-label, parallel-group study ( NCT02236611). Patients were randomised 1:1 to umeclidinium 62.5 µg or glycopyrronium 50 µg administered via Ellipta or Breezhaler dry powder inhaler, respectively. The primary endpoint was trough forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) at day 85 in the per-protocol population...
April 2016: ERJ Open Research
John H Riley, Maggie Tabberer, Nathalie Richard, Alison Donald, Alison Church, Stephanie S Harris
BACKGROUND: Handheld inhalers are used to deliver treatment for COPD. Incorrect usage leads to suboptimal disease control. Complex treatment regimens and use of multiple inhalers may reduce patient compliance. The Anoro Ellipta™ dry powder inhaler (DPI) simultaneously delivers umeclidinium bromide (UMEC) and vilanterol (VI) without coformulation being required. AIM: To assess the correct usage and ease of use of the Ellipta™ DPI administering UMEC/VI and to compare patient preference for Ellipta™ with the HandiHaler(®) through exploratory analyses of patient and observer questionnaires in five Phase III studies...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Li Wang, Chun-Juan Zhai, Yao Liu, Yi Liu, Shu-Juan Jiang
BACKGROUND: The role of umeclidinium plus vilanterol as a combination therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has not yet been clearly defined. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of umeclidinium plus vilanterol, in contrast to either monotherapy or placebo. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM)...
November 2016: Clinical Drug Investigation
Paolo Montuschi, Mario Malerba, Giuseppe Macis, Nadia Mores, Giuseppe Santini
Combining individual drugs in a single inhaler is the most convenient way to deliver triple therapy. A long-acting muscarinic receptor antagonist (LAMA) added to an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/long-acting β2-adrenoceptor agonist (LABA) fixed-dose combination (FDC) can improve efficacy of pharmacological treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). New inhaled ICS/LABA/LAMA FDCs, including fluticasone furoate/vilanterol/umeclidinium, budesonide/formoterol/glycopyrronium and beclometasone/formoterol/glycopyrronium, are in Phase III of clinical development for COPD...
July 21, 2016: Drug Discovery Today
Dave Singh, M Reza Maleki-Yazdi, Lee Tombs, Ahmar Iqbal, William A Fahy, Ian Naya
BACKGROUND: Minimizing the risk of disease progression and exacerbations is the key goal of COPD management, as these are well-established indicators of poor COPD prognosis. We developed a novel composite end point assessing three important aspects (lung function, health status, and exacerbations) of worsening in COPD. The objective was to determine whether dual bronchodilation with umeclidinium/vilanterol (UMEC/VI) reduces clinically important deteriorations (CIDs) in COPD versus placebo or bronchodilator monotherapy...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Steven J Pascoe, David A Lipson, Nicholas Locantore, Helen Barnacle, Noushin Brealey, Rajat Mohindra, Mark T Dransfield, Ian Pavord, Neil Barnes
Patients with symptomatic advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who experience recurrent exacerbations are particularly at risk of poor outcomes and present a significant burden on healthcare systems. The relative merits of treating with different inhaled combination therapies e.g. inhaled corticosteroids (ICS)/long-acting β2-agonist (LABA), LABA/long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMA), ICS/LABA/LAMA, in this patient group are poorly understood, as is reflected in current guidelines. The InforMing the PAthway of COPD Treatment (IMPACT) study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of fluticasone furoate (FF)/umeclidinium (UMEC)/vilanterol (VI) versus FF/VI or UMEC/VI over a 52-week treatment period...
August 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Ana R Sousa, John H Riley, Alison Church, Chang-Qing Zhu, Yogesh S Punekar, William A Fahy
Benefits of triple therapy with a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA), added to inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/long-acting β2-agonist (LABA), have been demonstrated. Limited data assessing the efficacy of the LAMA umeclidinium (UMEC) added to ICS/LABA are available. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of UMEC added to ICS/LABAs in patients with moderate-to-very-severe COPD. This is a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, parallel-group study. Patients were symptomatic (modified Medical Research Council Dyspnoea Scale score ⩾2), despite receiving ICS/LABA (fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (FP/SAL, branded) 500/50 mcg, budesonide/formoterol (BD/FOR, branded) 200/6 mcg or 400/12 mcg, or other ICS/LABAs) ⩾30 days before the run-in (7±2 days)...
2016: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
T Pene Dumitrescu, L L Santos, S C Hughes, A I Pereira, G C Young, E Hussey, P Charlton, S Baptiste-Brown, J S Stuart, V Vincent, S P van Marle, V D Schmith
Umeclidinium (UMEC), a long-acting muscarinic antagonist approved for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), was investigated for primary hyperhidrosis as topical therapy. This study evaluated the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of a single dose of [(14) C]UMEC applied to either unoccluded axilla (UA), occluded axilla (OA), or occluded palm (OP) of healthy males. After 8 h the formulation was removed. [(14) C]UMEC plasma concentrations (Cp) were quantified by accelerator mass spectrometry...
August 2016: Clinical and Translational Science
Thomas M Siler, Alison C Donald, Dianne O'Dell, Alison Church, William A Fahy
BACKGROUND: The combination of the inhaled muscarinic antagonist umeclidinium (UMEC) with the long-acting β2-agonist vilanterol (VI) has been shown to provide significant improvements in lung function compared with UMEC, VI, or placebo (PBO) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study was specifically designed to support these findings by assessing health-related quality of life and symptomatic outcomes in a similar population. METHODS: This was a 12-week multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
(no author information available yet)
Maltais, F., Singh, S., Donald, A., Crater, G., Church, A., Goh, A. et al. (2014) Effects of a combination of umeclidinium/vilanterol on exercise endurance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: two randomized, double-blind clinical trials. Ther Adv Respir Dis 8: 169-181.
June 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
Ichiro Kuwahira
Several new fixed-dose combination bronchodilators have been launched in the world, and 3 different types are now available in Japan. Assessing their efficacy relative to each other has not been performed yet. In the present manuscript, characteristics of glycopyrronium/indacaterol, umeclidinium/vilanterol and tiotropium/olodaterol were reviewed. In particular, changes in trough and peak forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) total scores, and transitional dyspnea index (TDI) focal scores were reviewed in these bronchodilators...
May 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Hiroaki Kume
Long-acting β2-adrenergic receptor agonists (LABAs) and anticholinergics (LAMAs) are widely used clinically as therpy for COPD. Clinical reports have demonstrated that LABAs (salmeterol, formoterol, indacaterol, olodaterol, vilanterol) and LAMAs (tiotropium, glycopyrronium, umeclidinium, aclidinium) are useful to improving symptoms and lung function, and to reducing exacerbation and hospitarization. LABAs expect salmeterol are strong partial agonists, and LAMAs are non-specific antagonists. Ca2+ dynamics and Ca2+ sensitization contribute to relaxation of airway smooth muscle in these bronchodilators...
May 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Donald Banerji, Donald A Mahler, Nicola A Hanania
INTRODUCTION: Long-acting β2-agonists [LABAs] and long-acting muscarinic antagonists [LAMAs]) are primary therapies for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Despite improvements in lung function and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) with these therapies, there is room to optimize outcomes further. Combined use of LABAs and LAMAs is recommended when symptoms are not improved with a single agent, and LABA/LAMA fixed-dose combinations (FDCs) are at the forefront of drug development in COPD...
July 2016: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
Joshua S Cohen, Matthew C Miles, James F Donohue, Jill A Ohar
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity, mortality, and health care expenditure worldwide. Relaxation of airway smooth muscle with inhaled bronchodilators is the cornerstone of treatment for stable COPD, with inhaled corticosteroids reserved for those with a history of exacerbations. Tiotropium has occupied center stage in COPD treatment for over 10 years and improves lung function, quality of life, exercise endurance, and reduces the risk of COPD exacerbation. Long-acting β2-agonists (LABAs) improve lung function, reduce dynamic hyperinflation, increase exercise tolerance, health-related quality of life, and reduce acute exacerbation of COPD...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Mario Malerba, Alessandro Radaeli, Paolo Montuschi, Jaymin B Morjaria
INTRODUCTION: Currently the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has limited effectiveness and there is a need to develop new drugs. International guidelines recommend the use of long-acting bronchodilators (β2 agonists and anti-cholinergics/muscarinics), inhaled steroids and associations between these drugs in the maintenance treatment of moderate-to-severe COPD. AREA COVERED: Vilanterol trifenate is a new once-daily highly selective β2-agonist available in USA and Europe in association with umeclidinium bromide (a long-acting anti-muscarnic agent) and fluticasone furoate (an inhaled corticosteroid) for the once-daily maintenance treatment of COPD...
July 2016: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
Lynn Condreay, Lingkang Huang, Elizabeth Harris, Jean Brooks, John H Riley, Alison Church, Soumitra Ghosh
BACKGROUND: Treatment with long-acting β2-agonists (LABAs) and long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMAs) for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is standard, but response varies. We investigated genetic association with treatment response to umeclidinium (UMEC, a LAMA), vilanterol (VI, a LABA), and combination therapy. METHODS: Data from 17 clinical trials (N = 6075) in patients with COPD receiving once-daily UMEC/VI (125/25mcg or 62.5/25mcg), UMEC (125 or 62...
May 2016: Respiratory Medicine
Gregory Feldman, François Maltais, Sanjeev Khindri, Mitra Vahdati-Bolouri, Alison Church, William A Fahy, Roopa Trivedi
BACKGROUND: The long-acting muscarinic antagonists umeclidinium (UMEC) and tiotropium (TIO) are approved once-daily maintenance therapies for COPD. This study investigated the efficacy and safety of UMEC versus TIO in COPD. METHODS: This was a 12-week, multicenter, randomized, blinded, double-dummy, parallel-group, non-inferiority study. Patients were randomized 1:1 to UMEC 62.5 μg plus placebo or TIO 18 μg plus placebo. The primary end point was trough forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) at day 85 (non-inferiority margin -50 mL; per-protocol [PP] population)...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Chris Kalberg, Dianne O'Dell, Dmitry Galkin, Amy Newlands, William A Fahy
INTRODUCTION: The fixed-dose, long-acting bronchodilator combination of umeclidinium/vilanterol (UMEC/VI) has not previously been compared with a combination of a long-acting muscarinic antagonist and long-acting β2-agonist in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: This 12-week, randomized, blinded, triple-dummy, parallel-group, non-inferiority study compared once-daily UMEC/VI 62.5/25 mcg with once-daily tiotropium (TIO) 18 mcg + indacaterol (IND) 150 mcg in patients with moderate-to-very-severe COPD...
June 2016: Drugs in R&D
Shuying Yang, Laurie Lee, Steven Pascoe
BACKGROUND: Umeclidinium (UMEC; a long-acting anti-muscarinic) in combination with fluticasone furoate (an inhaled corticosteroid) is in development for asthma treatment. This secondary analysis aimed to develop a population pharmacokinetic model characterizing UMEC in adults with asthma, and evaluated the impact of covariates on pharmacokinetic parameters. METHODS: Plasma concentration data from study NCT01641692 (assessing once-daily UMEC 15.6, 31.25, 62.5, 125, and 250 mcg, twice daily UMEC 15...
March 30, 2016: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
William W Busse, Ronald Dahl, Christine Jenkins, Alvaro A Cruz
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that is a major global burden on both individuals and healthcare systems. Despite guideline-directed treatment, a significant proportion of patients with asthma do not achieve control. This review focuses on the potential use of long-acting anticholinergics as bronchodilators in the treatment of asthma, with results published from clinical trials of glycopyrrolate, umeclidinium and tiotropium. The tiotropium clinical trial programme is the most advanced, with data available from a number of phase II and III studies of tiotropium as an add-on to inhaled corticosteroid maintenance therapy, with or without a long-acting β2-agonist, in patients across asthma severities...
March 2016: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
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