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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743067/-we-must-cooperate-with-one-another-against-the-enemy-agency-and-activism-in-school-aged-children-as-protective-factors-against-ongoing-war-trauma-and-political-violence-in-the-gaza-strip
#1
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Alaa Jaradah, Feda Murannak, Housam Hamdouna
This exploratory qualitative study investigated self-perceived risk and protection factors that may reinforce the ability of children living in refugee camps on the Gaza Strip to adjust to a traumatic and risky life context characterized by loss and dispossession. The sample comprised 200 Palestinian children recruited at primary schools in four refugee camps in the Gaza Strip following the Israeli military operation "Pillar of Defence" in 2012. Thematic content analysis was applied to written materials and narratives produced by the children...
July 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742925/a-capabilities-approach-to-environmental-impact-on-nursing-home-resident-quality-of-life
#2
Whitney Thurman, Tracie C Harrison, Shelley A Blozis, Michelle Dionne-Vahalik, Sharilyn Mead
Nursing homes are the major provider of intermediate and long-term care outside of the hospital setting to individuals whose capacity for self-care is limited due to physical or cognitive impairments. Yet, despite their need for assistance, residents of nursing homes want to control their lives, set their routines, and do enjoyable things. The extent to which residents can maintain autonomy and dignity is important. The current study suggests an environmental gerontological framework, rooted in a capabilities approach, that can be used to consider environmental impact on quality of life in nursing homes...
July 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742854/risk-of-exposure-to-potential-vector-mosquitoes-for-rural-workers-in-northern-lao-pdr
#3
Julie-Anne A Tangena, Phoutmany Thammavong, Steve W Lindsay, Paul T Brey
BACKGROUND: One major consequence of economic development in South-East Asia has been a rapid expansion of rubber plantations, in which outbreaks of dengue and malaria have occurred. Here we explored the difference in risk of exposure to potential dengue, Japanese encephalitis (JE), and malaria vectors between rubber workers and those engaged in traditional forest activities in northern Laos PDR. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Adult mosquitoes were collected for nine months in secondary forests, mature and immature rubber plantations, and villages...
July 25, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742788/computer-assisted-corrective-osteotomy-of-malunited-pediatric-radial-neck-fractures-three-dimensional-postoperative-accuracy-and-clinical-outcome
#4
Lizzy Weigelt, Philipp Fürnstahl, Andreas Schweizer
Neglected or incorrect treatment of pediatric radial neck fractures may lead to symptomatic malunions. Computer-assisted corrective osteotomies with patient-specific guides have been proposed as a promising technique for the reconstruction of malunited long bone deformities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and clinical outcome of this technique in children with malunited fractures of the radial neck. Four children (two male, two female; mean age 12 (10-16) years) underwent computer-assisted closing wedge osteotomy of the radial neck...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742426/educating-students-for-a-lifetime-of-physical-activity-enhancing-mindfulness-motivation-and-meaning
#5
Catherine D Ennis
For many years, pedagogical scholars and physical education (PE) teachers have worked to enhance effective teaching and learning environments. Yet for some children, youth, and young adults, many of the benefits associated with a physically active lifestyle remain elusive. Enhancing programming and performance to meet physical activity goals may require moving programs beyond "effective." It will require teachers and program leaders to focus programmatic attention on strategies to actually increase students' out-of-class physical activity behavior...
July 25, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742120/virus-induced-asthma-attack-the-importance-of-allergic-inflammation-in-response-to-viral-antigen-in-an-animal-model-of-asthma
#6
Christopher Skappak, Ramses Ilarraza, Ying-Qi Wu, Matthew G Drake, Darryl J Adamko
Asthma exacerbation can be a life-threatening condition, and is most often triggered by common respiratory viruses. Poor asthma control and worsening of respiratory function is associated with increased airway inflammation, including eosinophilia. Prevention of asthma exacerbation relies on treatment with corticosteroids, which preferentially inhibit allergic inflammation like eosinophils. Human studies demonstrate that inactivated virus can trigger eosinophil activation in vitro through antigen presentation and memory CD4+ lymphocytes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742076/altered-neurite-morphology-and-cholinergic-function-of-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-neurons-from-a-patient-with-kleefstra-syndrome-and-autism
#7
J Nagy, J Kobolák, S Berzsenyi, Z Ábrahám, H X Avci, I Bock, Z Bekes, B Hodoscsek, A Chandrasekaran, A Téglási, P Dezső, B Koványi, E T Vörös, L Fodor, T Szél, K Németh, A Balázs, A Dinnyés, B Lendvai, G Lévay, V Román
The aim of the present study was to establish an in vitro Kleefstra syndrome (KS) disease model using the human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) technology. Previously, an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) patient with Kleefstra syndrome (KS-ASD) carrying a deleterious premature termination codon mutation in the EHMT1 gene was identified. Patient specific hiPSCs generated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of the KS-ASD patient were differentiated into post-mitotic cortical neurons. Lower levels of EHMT1 mRNA as well as protein expression were confirmed in these cells...
July 25, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741955/synthesis-structures-and-photophysical-properties-of-a-series-of-rare-near-ir-emitting-copper-i-complexes
#8
Benjamin Hupp, Carl Schiller, Carsten Lenczyk, Marco Stanoppi, Katharina Edkins, Andreas Lorbach, Andreas Steffen
Herein, we report on the synthesis and structural characterization of a series of trigonal and tetrahedral cationic copper(I) complexes, bearing phosphine or N-heterocyclic carbene ligands as donors, with benzthiazol-2-pyridine (pybt) and benzthiazol-2-quinoline (qybt) acting as π-chromophores. The compounds are highly colored due to their (1)MLCT (MLCT = metal-to-ligand charge transfer) states absorbing between ca. λabs = 400-500 nm, with (1)ILCT (ILCT = intraligand charge transfer) states in the UV region...
July 25, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741391/clinical-implications-benefits-and-pitfalls-of-using-and-reversing-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants
#9
Alexandra S Moss, Gerasimos Dimitropoulos, Gregory Y H Lip
The use of non-Vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC) drugs is increasingly common in clinical practice. As compared to vitamin K antagonists they are more straightforward to initiate, require no hematological monitoring and offer potentially more stable therapeutic indices. Concern has been raised with regard to their safety profiles particularly in the context of acute reversal in major bleeding. Further issues pertain to patient concordance. Areas Covered: This review article aims to provide an overview of the current evidence relating to NOAC safety as well as the management of NOAC-related major bleeding with particular emphasis on reversal agents in use and in development following a selective literature review...
July 25, 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741331/alignment-of-adherence-and-risk-for-hiv-acquisition-in-a-demonstration-project-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-among-hiv-serodiscordant-couples-in-kenya-and-uganda-a-prospective-analysis-of-prevention-effective-adherence
#10
Jessica E Haberer, Lara Kidoguchi, Renee Heffron, Nelly Mugo, Elizabeth Bukusi, Elly Katabira, Stephen Asiimwe, Katherine K Thomas, Connie Celum, Jared M Baeten
INTRODUCTION: Adherence is essential for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to protect against HIV acquisition, but PrEP use need not be life-long. PrEP is most efficient when its use is aligned with periods of risk - a concept termed prevention-effective adherence. The objective of this paper is to describe prevention-effective adherence and predictors of adherence within an open-label delivery project of integrated PrEP and antiretroviral therapy (ART) among HIV serodiscordant couples in Kenya and Uganda (the Partners Demonstration Project)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741145/thigh-muscle-and-subcutaneous-tissue-thickness-measured-using-ultrasound-imaging-in-older-females-living-in-extended-care-a-preliminary-study
#11
Daniella Welch, Laetitia Sungu Ndanyo, Simon Brown, Sandra Agyapong-Badu, Martin Warner, Maria Stokes, Dinesh Samuel
BACKGROUND: Thigh tissue thickness has not been examined in older females living in extended care in UK as an indicator of musculoskeletal health. This study examined the feasibility of using ultrasound imaging to measure the thickness of superficial (fat) and deep layers (muscle) of the thigh in older females living in extended care. METHODS: In ten older females in extended care (aged 80-98 years, mean 88 ± 6.8; body mass: 56.5 ± 12.6 kg) images of the anterior thigh (dominant) were taken in supine using B-mode ultrasound imaging...
July 24, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741008/the-national-resuscitation-council-singapore-and-34-years-of-resuscitation-training-1983-to-2017
#12
Venkataraman Anantharaman
Training in the modern form of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) started in Singapore in 1983. For the first 15 years, the expansion of training programmes was mainly owing to the interest of a few individuals. Public training in the skill was minimal. In an area of medical care where the greatest opportunity for benefit lies in employing core resuscitation skills in the prehospital environment, very little was being done to address such a need. In 1998, a group of physicians, working together with the Ministry of Health, set up the National Resuscitation Council (NRC)...
July 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740902/urinary-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-men-who-were-treated-with-image-guided-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer
#13
Simpa S Salami, Edward Obedian, Shawn Zimberg, Carl A Olsson
PURPOSE: Quality of life (QoL) outcomes play a major role in the treatment selection for prostate cancer (CaP). We evaluated the urinary QoL outcomes in men who were treated with image-guided intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IG-IMRT) for CaP. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We enrolled men who were diagnosed with CaP and underwent IG-IMRT in a large urological group practice into a prospectively maintained database. The typical radiation treatment dosage to prostates and seminal vesicles was 8100 cGy in 45 fractions...
October 2016: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739541/testing-the-comparative-effects-of-physical-activity-advice-by-humans-vs-computers-in-underserved-populations-the-compass-trial-design-methods-and-baseline-characteristics
#14
Abby C King, Ines Campero, Jylana L Sheats, Cynthia M Castro Sweet, Dulce Garcia, Aldo Chazaro, German Blanco, Michelle Hauser, Fernando Fierros, David K Ahn, Jose Diaz, Monica Done, Juan Fernandez, Timothy Bickmore
While physical inactivity is a key risk factor for a range of chronic diseases and conditions associated with aging, a significant proportion of midlife and older adults remain insufficiently active. This is particularly true for ethnic minority populations such as Latino adults for whom few culturally adapted programs have been developed and tested. The major objective of this 12-month cluster-randomized controlled trial is to test the comparative effectiveness of two linguistically and culturally adapted, community-based physical activity interventions with the potential for broad reach and translation...
July 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739196/developing-optimized-treatment-plans-for-patients-with-dyslipidemia-in-the-era-of-pcsk9-inhibitor-therapeutics
#15
James A Underberg, Michael J Blaha, Elizabeth J Jackson Msn, Peter H Jones
This educational content was derived from live, satellite symposium at the American College of Physicians (ACP) Internal Medicine Meeting 2017 in San Diego, California (online at http://courses.elseviercme.com/acp/702e). This activity will focus on optimized treatment plans for patients with dyslipidemia in the era of PCSK9 inhibitor therapeutics. LDL-C has been identified as an important therapeutic target to prevent the progression of atherosclerotic disease, however only 1 out of every 3 adults with high LDL-C has the condition under control...
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738884/health-status-and-health-behaviors-among-citizen-endurance-nordic-skiers-in-the-united-states
#16
Paul J Anderson, Ralph S Bovard, Mohammad Hassan Murad, Timothy J Beebe, Zhen Wang
BACKGROUND: More than two-thirds of Americans are overweight or obese (69%) placing them at high risk for a wide array of chronic diseases. Physical activity anchors most approaches to obesity prevention and weight management, but physical activity levels remain low in the general US population. As a group, citizen athletes who compete in Nordic skiing events such as the American Birkebeiner participate in fitness cultures that promote physical activity. METHODS: During October-November 2014, we emailed a 48 question online survey to 23,611 individuals who had participated in the American Birkebeiner ski event, the largest citizen ski race in North America...
July 24, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738832/systematic-mapping-review-of-the-factors-influencing-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-ethnic-minority-groups-in-europe-a-dedipac-study
#17
REVIEW
Lars Jørun Langøien, Laura Terragni, Gro Rugseth, Mary Nicolaou, Michelle Holdsworth, Karien Stronks, Nanna Lien, Gun Roos
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and sedentary behaviour are associated with health and wellbeing. Studies indicate that ethnic minority groups are both less active and more sedentary than the majority population and that factors influencing these behaviours may differ. Mapping the factors influencing physical activity and sedentary behaviour among ethnic minority groups living in Europe can help to identify determinants of physical activity and sedentary behaviour, research gaps and guide future research...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738819/increased-biological-activity-of-protein-kinase-c-gamma-is-not-required-in-spinocerebellar-ataxia-14
#18
Etsuko Shimobayashi, Josef P Kapfhammer
Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by slowly progressive cerebellar dysfunction. Currently, 42 SCA types are known, some of which are caused by CAG repeat expansions, but others are caused by point mutations or deletions. Spinocerebellar ataxia type 14 (SCA14) is caused by missense mutations or deletions in the PRKCG gene, coding for protein kinase C gamma (PKCγ). It is still not well understood how these mutations eventually cause Purkinje cell dysfunction and death...
July 24, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738752/physical-functioning-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-adults-with-amyoplasia-the-most-common-form-of-arthrogryposis-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Unni Steen, Lena Lande Wekre, Nina Køpke Vøllestad
BACKGROUND: Amyoplasia, the most common form of arthrogryposis is characterized by typical deformities of the joints and replacement of skeletal muscles by fibrous tissue and fat. There is sparse literature on adaptation to adult life with amyoplasia. PURPOSE: To describe physical function and activity strategies in adults with amyoplasia, as this knowledge is important for relevant function-enhancing measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two adults (20-91 years) with amyoplasia participated...
July 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738668/study-of-effects-of-multimodal-exercise-programme-on-physical-fitness-and-health-perception-in-community-living-hungarian-older-adults
#20
Anikó Virág, Izabella Harkányi, Csilla K Karóczi, Zsolt Vass, Éva Kovács
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects on fitness indicators and subjective health-perception of a multimodal exercise programme provided by a district in Budapest among community-living seniors. METHODS: Sixty community-living older adults aged over 60 years formed beginner group (who were at the beginning of the exercise programme), advanced group (who had been in the programme for 3-6 months), active group (who had been participating in the exercise programme for at least 6 months, in addition to Nordic Walking programme) and a physically inactive control group...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
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