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hiatal hernia syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094360/effects-of-manipulations-to-detect-sliding-hiatal-hernia-in-dogs-with-brachycephalic-airway-obstructive-syndrome
#1
Olivier Broux, Cécile Clercx, Anne-Laure Etienne, Valeria Busoni, Stéphanie Claeys, Annick Hamaide, Frédéric Billen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of manipulations aimed at increasing the transdiaphragmatic pressure gradient on the gastro-esophageal junction (GEJ) of dogs with brachycephalic airway obstructive syndrome (BAOS), and to identify the manipulation that most improves the detection of GEJ abnormalities and sliding hiatal hernia (SHH) in dogs with BAOS. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo experimental pilot study and prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Five purpose-bred Beagles and 20 dogs diagnosed with BAOS...
November 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051629/-boerhaave-s-syndrome-secondary-to-gastric-volvulus
#2
I Eguaras Córdoba, A Goikoetxea Urdiain, A Hernando Sanz, I Esquiroz Lizaur, B Camarero Triana, A Artajona Rosino
Boerhaave's syndrome is a spontaneous rupture of the oesophagus, caused by an increase of intraluminal pressure that is produced in the context of negative intrathoracic pressure. It has a high index of morbimortality (14-40%), which is why it requires early diagnosis and treatment. When a patient presents vomiting, the differential diagnosis should include epigastric pain. Para-esophageal hiatal hernias can be complicated by gastric volvulus. In its turn, this can produce both oesophageal and gastric necrosis requiring early surgical treatment...
October 19, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963795/documenting-the-prevalence-of-hiatal-hernia-and-oesophageal-abnormalities-in-brachycephalic-dogs-using-fluoroscopy
#3
E J Reeve, D Sutton, E J Friend, C M R Warren-Smith
OBJECTIVES: To report the prevalence of abnormal fluoroscopic findings in brachycephalic dogs that were presented to a referral hospital for obstructive airway syndrome. METHODS: Hospital records between May 2013 and November 2015 identified 36 brachycephalic dogs investigated for obstructive airway disease: 21 French bulldogs, 6 bulldogs, 4 Boston terriers, 2 pugs, 2 boxers and 1 shih-tzu. The presence or absence of hiatal hernia, delayed oesophageal transit, gastro-oesophageal reflux and redundant oesophagus were recorded...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937085/galloway-mowat-syndrome-unusual-form-of-nephrotic-syndrome-in-adolescent
#4
G Diwakar Naidu, Pathapati Deepthi, K RajaKarthik, S Sriram, G Swarnalatha, T Gangadhar
Galloway-Mowat syndrome (GMS), also acknowledged as Microcephaly-Hiatal hernia nephrotic syndrome, is an uncommon genetic disorder inherited as an autosomal recessive trait usually seen before two years of life. It is an exceptional multisystem genetic disorder with a collection of skeletal, neurological, facial, gastrointestinal, growth, and renal abnormalities. This case report describes GMS in a girl, suffering from developmental delay, stunted growth, and various dysmorphic features, in whom nephrotic syndrome became apparent at adolescent age...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929425/medium-term-outcomes-after-reversal-of-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#5
Gustavo Andrés Arman, J Himpens, R Bolckmans, D Van Compernolle, R Vilallonga, G Leman
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) can be reversed into normal anatomy (NA) or into sleeve gastrectomy (NASG) to address undesired side effects. Concomitant hiatal hernia repair (HHR) may be required. Before reversal, some patients benefit from placement of a gastrostomy, mostly to predict the result of recreating the native anatomy. METHODS: Retrospective study on mid-term effects of RYGB reversal to NA and NASG, including clinical and weight evolution, surgical complications, and incidence of gastro-esophageal reflux (GERD)...
September 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905803/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-complicated-by-barrett-s-esophagus
#6
Andriy Stasyshyn
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm for gastroesophageal reflux disease complicated by Barrett's esophagus in 46 patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm for complicated GERD was developed. To describe the changes in the esophagus with reflux esophagitis, the Los Angeles classification was used. Intestinal metaplasia of the epithelium in the lower third of the esophagus was assessed using videoendoscopy, chromoscopy, and biopsy...
August 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895189/-diagnosis-of-a-hiatal-hernia-from-a-ct-coronary-artery-calcium-scan
#7
Edmund Kenneth Kerut, John T Balart
Identification of a hiatal hernia by computed tomography (CT) scanning, and particularly with axial imaging from a coronary artery calcium score exam, is often subjective. There are several CT features that are diagnostic or at least suggestive of a hiatal hernia. As a hiatal hernia may be the etiology of a chest pain syndrome, it is important to be aware of CT findings suggestive of such.
September 12, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894515/association-of-gastrointestinal-functional-disorders-and-migraine-headache-a-population-base-study
#8
Kamran B Lankarani, Maryam Akbari, Reza Tabrizi
BACKGROUND Migraine is one of the prevalent headaches. Many of patients with migraine, complain of gastrointestinal symptoms. There is limited studies on relation of gastrointestinal symptoms and migraine headache at population level. METHODS In this population-based study, 1038 subjects older than 15 year from a rural area in Fars province, south of Iran. were investigated for functional gastrointestinal disorders. By cluster random sampling, 160 of these persons invited to receive endoscopy along with histopathology samples of upper gastrointestinal tract...
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803389/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-stat3-deficient-hyper-ige-syndrome
#9
Manish Arora, Preet Bagi, Anna Strongin, Jennifer Heimall, Xiongce Zhao, Monica G Lawrence, Apurva Trivedi, Carolyn Henderson, Amy Hsu, Martha Quezado, David E Kleiner, Aradhana M Venkatesan, Steven M Holland, Alexandra F Freeman, Theo Heller
OBJECTIVE: STAT 3 deficiency (autosomal dominant hyper immunoglobulin E syndrome (AD-HIES)) is a primary immunodeficiency disorder with multi-organ involvement caused by dominant negative signal transducer and activator of transcription gene 3 (STAT3) mutations. We sought to describe the gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations of this disease. METHODS: Seventy subjects aged five to 60 years with a molecular diagnosis of AD-HIES were evaluated at the National Institutes of Health (NIH)...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799279/oesophageal-replacement-with-stomach-a-personal-series-and-review-of-published-experience
#10
Karim Awad, Bruce Jaffray
AIM: To describe the outcomes of oesophageal replacement using stomach in children. METHODS: All children undergoing oesophageal replacement in a regional centre were prospectively recorded in a customised database and subjected to continual follow up. Complications within 30 days were classified as early, and all other complications were classified as late. Outcomes were related to a comprehensive analysis of published experience where studies were classified as having long-term follow up if the median duration exceeded 5 years...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670060/deglutition-syncope
#11
Nachiket Patel, Saif Ibrahim, Jainil Shah, Menfil A Orellana-Barrios, Timothy E Paterick, A Jamil Tajik
Deglutition syncope, also known as swallow syncope, is a neurally mediated reflex syndrome. The common intervention of the heart, esophagus, and stomach by the vagus nerve is central to its pathogenesis, whereby swallowing causes inhibition of the cardiac conduction system. It is most commonly associated with disorders of the esophagus, both organic and functional. Herein we describe the case of a 48-year-old man presenting with transient syncopal episodes that occurred while eating caused by an intrathoracic stomach due to a hiatal hernia...
July 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257716/the-risks-and-benefits-of-long-term-use-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-expert-review-and-best-practice-advice-from-the-american-gastroenterological-association
#12
REVIEW
Daniel E Freedberg, Lawrence S Kim, Yu-Xiao Yang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The purpose of this review is to evaluate the risks associated with long-term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), focusing on long-term use of PPIs for three common indications: gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Barrett's esophagus (BE), and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) bleeding prophylaxis. METHODS: The recommendations outlined in this review are based on expert opinion and on relevant publications from PubMed, EMbase, and the Cochrane library (through July 2016)...
March 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185474/ascending-aortic-aneurysm-and-diaphragmatic-hernia-in-a-case-of-marfan-syndrome
#13
Jignesh Kothari, Manish Hinduja, Kinnaresh Baria, Himani Pandya
Marfan syndrome commonly affects the skeletal, ocular, and cardiovascular systems. Involvement of the gastrointestinal system is known but uncommon. Intervention depends upon the system involved and the severity of symptoms. Special awareness is required for the diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal involvement in these patients. We report a rare case of simultaneous surgical repair of an ascending aortic aneurysm and a type IV hiatal hernia in a 35-year-old man with Marfan syndrome.
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007004/mallory-weiss-syndrome-is-not-associated-with-hiatal-hernia-a-matched-case-control-study
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Juan E Corral, Tara Keihanian, Paul T Kröner, Ryan Dauer, Frank J Lukens, Daniel A Sussman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Hiatal hernia is considered to be a predisposing factor to develop Mallory-Weiss Syndrome (MWS). No large case-control studies verifying this hypothesis have been conducted. METHODS: We reviewed all esophagogastroduodenoscopies with findings of MWS (n = 2342) in a national database and compared with age and gender-matched controls (n = 9368). Demographics, endoscopic characteristics and presence of a hiatal hernia were compared between both groups...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606905/surgical-management-of-hiatal-hernia-in-children-with-asplenia-syndrome
#15
Hiromu Miyake, Koji Fukumoto, Masaya Yamoto, Hiroshi Nouso, Masakatsu Kaneshiro, Mariko Koyama, Naoto Urushihara
Purpose Patients with asplenia syndrome (AS) are likely to have upper gastrointestinal tract malformations such as hiatal hernia. This report discusses the treatment of such conditions. Methods Seventy-five patients with AS underwent initial palliation in our institution between 1997 and 2013. Of these, 10 patients had hiatal hernia. Of the patients with hiatal hernia, 6 had brachyesophagus and 7 had microgastria. Results Of the 10 patients with hiatal hernia, 9 underwent surgery in infancy (7 before Glenn operation, 2 after Glenn operation)...
June 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596512/-a-rare-case-of-chest-pain
#16
Beáta Bodócsi, István Koncz, Zsigmond Hum, Orsolya Serfőző, József Pap-Szekeres, István Szabó
Chest pain is a common symptom in patients who visit Emergency Departments. The main task is to exclude life-threatening diseases such as acute coronary syndrome, pulmonary embolization and dissection of thoracic aorta. The authors present the history of a patient, who had an intense chest pain for 7 hours. In accordance with the diagnostic algorithm of chest pain, ECG, blood collection, chest X-ray and chest computed tomography angiography were performed. Acute coronary syndrome, pulmonary embolization and dissection of the thoracic aorta were excluded, however, chest computed tomography CT revealed a huge hiatal hernia as an incidental finding...
September 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403357/collapsing-glomerulopathy-in-a-child-with-galloway-mowat-syndrome
#17
Cengiz Zeybek, Gokalp Basbozkurt, Salih Hamcan, Ayhan Ozcan, Davut Gul, Faysal Gok
Galloway-Mowat syndrome (GMS) is an autosomal recessive disorder with a poor prognosis that was first defined as a triad of central nervous system involvement, hiatal hernia, and nephrotic syndrome. However, this syndrome is now known to have a heterogeneous clinical presentation. The nephrotic syndrome is steroid resistant and is responsible for the outcome. The combination of collapsing glomerulopathy and GMS is very rare. A 26-month-old boy presented with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome associated with neurologic findings, including microcephaly, psychomotor retardation, and nystagmus...
2016: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234340/nissen-sleeve-n-sleeve-operation-preliminary-results-of-a-pilot-study
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
David Nocca, El Mehdi Skalli, Eric Boulay, Marius Nedelcu, Jean Michel Fabre, Marcelo Loureiro
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is one of the most frequently performed bariatric procedures worldwide. Despite its impressive results, there is a growing concern about the relationship between SG and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). OBJECTIVES: We present our pilot study of patients operated with a Nissen anti-reflux valve added to a standard SG. SETTING: University hospital in Montpellier, France. METHODS: A prospective monocentric study including 25 consecutive patients operated with a laparoscopic Nissen-Sleeve (N-Sleeve) gastrectomy was carried out between September 2013 and March 2014...
December 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178618/fifth-international-consensus-conference-current-status-of-sleeve-gastrectomy
#19
Michel Gagner, Colleen Hutchinson, Raul Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: For the purpose of building best practice guidelines, an international expert panel was surveyed in 2014 and compared with the 2011 Sleeve Gastrectomy Consensus and with survey data culled from a general surgeon audience. OBJECTIVES: To measure advancement on aspects of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and identify current best practices. SETTING: International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders (IFSO) 2014, Fifth International Summit for Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy, Montréal, Canada...
May 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012229/new-findings-in-fetal-valproate-syndrome-hiatal-hernia-gastric-volvulus-and-ectopic-kidney
#20
Didem Arman, Selim Sancak, Sevilay Topcuoglu, Güner Karatekin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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