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Tracheal cancer

Mu Li, Chen-Yang Dai, Yu-Ning Wang, Tao Chen, Long Wang, Ping Yang, Dong Xie, Rui Mao, Chang Chen
BACKGROUND: Although marital status is an independent prognostic factor in many cancers, its prognostic impact on tracheal cancer has not yet been determined. The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between marital status and survival in patients with tracheal cancer. RESULTS: Compared with unmarried patients (42.67%), married patients (57.33%) had better 5-year OS (25.64% vs. 35.89%, p = 0.009) and 5-year TCSS (44.58% vs. 58.75%, p = 0.004). Results of multivariate analysis indicated that marital status is an independent prognostic factor, with married patients showing better OS (hazard ratio [HR] = 0...
October 21, 2016: Oncotarget
Rajan P Dang, Daniel McFarland, Valerie H Le, Nadia Camille, Brett A Miles, Marita S Teng, Eric M Genden, Krzysztof J Misiukiewicz
Objectives. Invasion of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) into surrounding structures can lead to morbid procedures such as laryngectomy and tracheal resection. In these patients, there is a potential role for neoadjuvant therapy. Methods. We identified three studies involving the treatment of DTC with neoadjuvant chemotherapy: two from Slovenia and one from Japan. Results. These studies demonstrate that in selected situations, neoadjuvant chemotherapy can have a good response and allow for a more complete surgical resection, the treatment of DTC...
2016: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
Katsushi Takebayashi, Yasuhiro Tsubosa, Tomoyuki Kamijo, Yoshiyuki Iida, Atsushi Imai, Masato Nagaoka, Takashi Kitani, Masahiro Niihara, Eisuke Booka, Ayako Shimada, Masahiro Nakagawa, Tetsuro Onitsuka
BACKGROUND: Total pharyngolaryngectomy and cervical esophagectomy (TPLCE) after chemoradiotherapy remains a challenge because of the high rate of complications and few available data on outcomes and safety. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of salvage TPLCE and to compare treatment outcomes between hypopharyngeal cancer and cervical esophageal cancer. METHODS: Data from 37 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with potentially resectable hypopharyngeal and cervical esophageal cancer after chemoradiotherapy were retrospectively analyzed...
October 6, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Ahmed H El-Sherief, Charles T Lau, Nancy A Obuchowski, Atul C Mehta, Thomas W Rice, Eugene H Blackstone
BACKGROUND: Accurate and consistent regional lymph node classification (N) is an important element in the staging and multidisciplinary management of lung cancer. Regional lymph node definition sets-lymph node maps-have been created to standardize N. In 2009, the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) introduced a lymph node map to supersede all pre-existing lymph node maps. AIM: To study if, and how lung cancer specialists apply the IASLC lymph node map when classifying thoracic lymph nodes encountered on computed tomography (CT) during lung cancer staging...
October 3, 2016: Chest
Eisuke Booka, Yasuhiro Tsubosa, Masahiro Niihara, Wataru Takagi, Katsushi Takebayashi, Ayako Shimada, Takashi Kitani, Masato Nagaoka, Atsushi Imai, Tomoyuki Kamijo, Yoshiyuki Iida, Tetsuro Onitsuka, Masahiro Nakagawa, Hiroya Takeuchi, Yuko Kitagawa
BACKGROUND: Pharyngolaryngectomy with total esophagectomy (PLTE) is an effective surgical treatment for synchronous or metachronous hypopharyngeal or laryngeal cancer and thoracic esophageal cancer, although it is more invasive than esophagectomy and total pharyngolaryngectomy. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for complications after PLTE. METHODS: From November 2002 to December 2014, a total of 8 patients underwent PLTE at the Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan...
2016: Esophagus: Official Journal of the Japan Esophageal Society
Delia Ricolo, Myrto Deligiannaki, Jordi Casanova, Sofia J Araújo
Centrosome amplification is a hallmark of cancer, although we are still far from understanding how this process affects tumorigenesis [1, 2]. Besides the contribution of supernumerary centrosomes to mitotic defects, their biological effects in the post-mitotic cell are not well known. Here, we exploit the effects of centrosome amplification in post-mitotic cells during single-cell branching. We show that Drosophila tracheal cells with extra centrosomes branch more than wild-type cells. We found that mutations in Rca1 and CycA affect subcellular branching, causing tracheal tip cells to form more than one subcellular lumen...
September 17, 2016: Current Biology: CB
Youngtae Jeong, Ngoc T Hoang, Alexander Lovejoy, Henning Stehr, Aaron M Newman, Andrew J Gentles, William Kong, Diana Truong, Shanique Martin, Aadel Chaudhuri, Diane Heiser, Li Zhou, Carmen Say, Justin N Carter, Susan M Hiniker, Billy W Loo, Robert B West, Philip Beachy, Ash A Alizadeh, Maximilian Diehn
Lung squamous cell carcinomas (LSCC) pathogenesis remains incompletely understood and biomarkers predicting treatment response remain lacking. Here we describe novel murine LSCC models driven by loss of Trp53 and Keap1, both of which are frequently mutated in human LSCCs. Homozygous inactivation of Keap1 or Trp53 promoted airway basal stem cell (ABSC) self-renewal, suggesting that mutations in these genes lead to expansion of mutant stem cell clones. Deletion of Trp53 and Keap1 in ABSCs, but not more differentiated tracheal cells, produced tumors recapitulating histological and molecular features of human LSCCs, indicating that they represent the likely cell of origin in this model...
September 23, 2016: Cancer Discovery
Takashi Kanemura, Tomoki Makino, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Yukinori Kurokawa, Makoto Yamasaki, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Shuji Takiguchi, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
Esophageal cancers frequently metastasize to recurrent laryngeal nerve lymph nodes (RLNNs). Knowledge of anatomic metastatic RLNN (mRLNN) distributions is needed for lymph node dissection during esophageal cancer surgery. Among 189 patients with esophageal cancer who underwent esophagectomy between 2008 and 2010, 51 (27.0%) had mRLNN. Sixty-four mRLNNs (right, 31; left, 33) were identified via preoperative computed tomography (CT); more than 2 unilateral metastases and/or nodes with unclear boundaries were excluded...
September 15, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Eri Hagiwara, Yasuhiro Gon, Kentaro Hayashi, Mai Takahashi, Yuko Iida, Hisato Hiranuma, Yoshiko Nakagawa, Tsukasa Hataoka, Kenji Mizumura, Shuichiro Maruoka, Tetsuo Shimizu, Noriaki Takahashi, Shu Hashimoto
The case subject was a 58-year-old woman who presented to our hospital with a chief complaint of respiratory discomfort. Wheezing could be heard in both lungs; treatment was initiated with inhaled steroids for suspected bronchial asthma. However, 1 week later, the respiratory discomfort had not improved and the wheezing sound had progressed to the neck area. Upper airway obstruction was suspected; therefore, chest computed tomography (CT) was performed, revealing tracheal stenosis caused by a tumor in the upper airway...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Jessica Glover, Frank O Velez-Cubian, Kavian Toosi, Emily Ng, Carla C Moodie, Joseph R Garrett, Jacques P Fontaine, Eric M Toloza
BACKGROUND: Induction therapy has been shown to benefit patients with resectable stage-2 or stage-3 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We aimed to determine if induction chemotherapy (CTx) with or without radiation therapy (± RT) for NSCLC with clinical lymph node (LN) involvement (cN1 or cN2) affects LN dissection or perioperative outcomes during robotic-assisted video thoracoscopic (RAVTS) lobectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients who underwent RAVTS lobectomy for NSCLC over 45 months...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Margot González-León, José Esteban Fernández-Gárate, Ramón Alberto Rascón-Pacheco, Miguel Ángel Valladares-Aranda, Javier Dávila-Torres, Víctor Hugo Borja-Aburto
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the disease burden of cancer in the affiliate population of the Mexican Social Security Institute (Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, IMSS) in 2010 by delegation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs), Years of Life Lost (YLL) due to premature mortality and Years Lived with Disability/Disease (YLD) for 21 specific cancers and a subgroup of other malignant neoplasms were calculated based on the methodology of the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) for each of the 35 delegations of the IMSS...
April 2016: Salud Pública de México
Suhail Sarwar Siddiqui, S Janarthanan, M M Harish, Harish Chaudhari, R Natesh Prabu, Jigeeshu V Divatia, Atul Prabhakar Kulkarni
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The oncologists are treating cancer more aggressively, leading to increase in number of pediatric admissions to the ICU. Due to anatomical and physiological differences, pediatric patients are at high risk of complications during intubation. We evaluated the incidence of complications during intubations in pediatric patients in our ICU. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We performed retrospective analysis of complications occurring during intubation in 42 pediatric patients...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Satish Nair, Ajith Nilakantan, Amit Sood, Atul Gupta, Abhishek Gupta
Laryngeal stenosis is one of the most complex and challenging problems in the field of head and neck surgery. The management involves a multidisciplinary approach with multiple complex procedures. In this study we discuss our experience of laryngeal stenosis with regards to patient characteristics, cause and management. A retrospective analysis of 35 patients of laryngeal stenosis treated at a tertiary care centre was evaluated. Inclusion criteria were all patients with laryngeal stenosis who required surgical intervention...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Turki Aldrees, Abdullah Alanazi, Hanadi A Fatani, Abdulhadi Samman, Saleh F Aldhahri
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignant tumor, reportedly representing <1% of all head and neck cancers. There have been few reported cases of ACC of the upper airway presenting as a midline mass. This is the case report of a 47-year-old female patient who presented with such a midline neck mass. The mass was approached and investigated as a thyroid mass, but was ultimately found to be a tracheal tumor with thyroid invasion. We herein discuss in detail the patient history, investigation and treatment...
August 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Erdoğan Çetinkaya, Mustafa Çörtük, Şule Gül, Ali Mert, Hilal Boyacı, Ertan Çam, H Erhan Dincer
Fungal infections of the lung are uncommon and mainly affect people with immune deficiency. There are crucial problems in the diagnosis and treatment of this condition. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis and candidiasis are the most common opportunistic fungal infections. Aspergillus species (spp.) are saprophytes molds that exist in nature as spores and rarely cause disease in immunocompetent individuals. In patients with immune deficiency or chronic lung disease, such as cavitary lung disease or bronchiectasis, Aspergillus may cause a variety of aspergillosis infections...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
Doh Young Lee, Jae-Kyung Won, Hoon Sung Choi, Do Joon Park, Kyeong Cheon Jung, Myung-Whun Sung, Kwang Hyun Kim, J Hun Hah, Young Joo Park
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the recurrence and survival after initial curative-intent surgery of resectable anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) and poorly differentiated thyroid cancer (PDTC). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients with ATC and PDTC who had been treated between 1985 and 2013. Among them, 119 patients who had undergone surgery with curative intent were included in this study. The outcome measures included the clinical response to treatment and the recurrence rates of three separate thyroid cancer groups: ATC, differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) with anaplastic foci, and PDTC...
September 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Marinelli Oliviero, Iannarelli Romilde, Morelli Maria Beatrice, Valisi Matteo, Nicotra Giovanna, Amantini Consuelo, Cardinali Claudio, Santoni Giorgio, Maggi Filippo, Nabissi Massimo
Thyme (Thymus vulgaris) is used traditionally to prepare herbal remedies possessing expectorant, mucolytic, antitussive and antispasmodic properties. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a standardized hydroalcoholic extract of thyme on primary human airway (bronchial/tracheal) epithelial cell lines in a model of lung inflammation induced by LPS. In addition, the effects of thyme extract on human lung cancer cell line (H460) were analysed. Thyme extract showed significant anti-inflammatory properties by reducing the NF-κB p65 and NF-κB p52 transcription factors protein levels followed by the decrease of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1 beta and IL-8), and Muc5ac secretion in human normal bronchial and tracheal epithelial cells...
August 25, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
Esther Pompe, Pim A de Jong, Eva M van Rikxoort, Leticia Gallardo Estrella, Werner U de Jong, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart, Matthijs Oudkerk, Carlijn M van der Aalst, Bram van Ginneken, Jan-Willem J Lammers, Firdaus Aa Mohamed Hoesein
Osteoporosis is more common in patients with COPD and in smokers. The aim of this study was to assess whether measures of emphysema and airway disease on computed tomography (CT) were associated with lower bone density or vertebral fractures in smokers with and without COPD. For this purpose, we included participants from the NELSON lung cancer screening trial. Bone density was measured as Hounsfield Units in the first lumbar vertebra, and vertebral fractures were assessed semiquantitatively. The 15th percentile method (Perc15) was used to assess emphysema, and the airway lumen perimeter (Pi10) was used for airway wall thickness...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Hidenori Kawasaki, Yasuji Oshiro, Naohiro Taira, Tomonori Furugen, Takaharu Ichi, Tomofumi Yohena, Tsutomu Kawabata
A 45-year-old man had an abnormal shadow in the right lung field on an annual screening chest X-ray. He was diagnosed with Stage IA (cT1bN0M0) lung cancer. Initially, we did not notice an anomalous vein on non-contrast computed tomography. However, we found that the right upper lobe bronchus branched from the lateral wall of the right main bronchial orifice, above the level of the common right upper lobe bronchus. Therefore, the bronchus was thought to be a tracheal bronchus. We carefully reevaluated the patient using three-dimensional computed tomography angiography...
June 16, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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