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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753805/ssa-02-4-disparities-in-hypertension-management-of-ckd-in-south-asia
#1
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642932/ssa-02-4-disparities-in-hypertension-management-of-ckd-in-south-asia
#2
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612599/ethnobotany-of-the-balti-community-tormik-valley-karakorum-range-baltistan-pakistan
#3
Zaheer Abbas, Shujaul Mulk Khan, Arshad Mehmood Abbasi, Andrea Pieroni, Zahid Ullah, Muhammad Iqbal, Zeeshan Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Limited health facilities and malnutrition are major problems in the Karakorum Range of Northern Pakistan, often resulting in various human disorders. Since centuries, however, local communities in these areas have developed traditional methods for treating various ailments and local foods capes that can be significant for devising public health and nutritional policies. This study was intended to document the ethnobotanical knowledge of the local peoples in the Tormik Valley, especially in the medical and food domains...
2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568068/health-in-times-of-uncertainty-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2013-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#4
Ali H Mokdad, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar, Farah Daoud, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Ibrahim Khalil, Ashkan Afshin, Marwa Tuffaha, Raghid Charara, Ryan M Barber, Joseph Wagner, Kelly Cercy, Hannah Kravitz, Matthew M Coates, Margaret Robinson, Kara Estep, Caitlyn Steiner, Sara Jaber, Ali A Mokdad, Kevin F O'Rourke, Adrienne Chew, Pauline Kim, Mohamed Magdy Abd El Razek, Safa Abdalla, Foad Abd-Allah, Jerry P Abraham, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Abdulwahab A Al-Nehmi, Ali S Akanda, Hanan Al Ahmadi, Mazin J Al Khabouri, Faris H Al Lami, Zulfa A Al Rayess, Deena Alasfoor, Fadia S AlBuhairan, Saleh F Aldhahri, Suliman Alghnam, Samia Alhabib, Nawal Al-Hamad, Raghib Ali, Syed Danish Ali, Mohammad Alkhateeb, Mohammad A AlMazroa, Mahmoud A Alomari, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Ubai Alsharif, Nihaya Al-Sheyab, Shirina Alsowaidi, Mohamed Al-Thani, Khalid A Altirkawi, Azmeraw T Amare, Heresh Amini, Walid Ammar, Palwasha Anwari, Hamid Asayesh, Rana Asghar, Ali M Assabri, Reza Assadi, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Talal Bakfalouni, Mohammed O Basulaiman, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Neeraj Bedi, Amit R Bhakta, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Aref A Bin Abdulhak, Soufiane Boufous, Rupert R A Bourne, Hadi Danawi, Jai Das, Amare Deribew, Eric L Ding, Adnan M Durrani, Yousef Elshrek, Mohamed E Ibrahim, Babak Eshrati, Alireza Esteghamati, Imad A D Faghmous, Farshad Farzadfar, Andrea B Feigl, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Irina Filip, Florian Fischer, Fortuné G Gankpé, Ibrahim Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Rahul Gupta, Rami M Habash, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Randah R Hamadeh, Hayet Hamdouni, Samer Hamidi, Hilda L Harb, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Mohammad T Hedayati, Pouria Heydarpour, Mohamed Hsairi, Abdullatif Husseini, Nader Jahanmehr, Vivekanand Jha, Jost B Jonas, Nadim E Karam, Amir Kasaeian, Nega Assefa Kassa, Anil Kaul, Yousef Khader, Shams Eldin A Khalifa, Ejaz A Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Tawfik Khoja, Ardeshir Khosravi, Yohannes Kinfu, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Arjun Lakshmana Balaji, Raimundas Lunevicius, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Reza Malekzadeh, Morteza Mansourian, Wagner Marcenes, Habibolah Masoudi Farid, Alem Mehari, Abla Mehio-Sibai, Ziad A Memish, George A Mensah, Karzan A Mohammad, Ziad Nahas, Jamal T Nasher, Haseeb Nawaz, Chakib Nejjari, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Saad B Omer, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Emmanuel K Peprah, Aslam Pervaiz, Farshad Pourmalek, Dima M Qato, Mostafa Qorbani, Amir Radfar, Anwar Rafay, Kazem Rahimi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh K Rai, Saleem M Rana, Sowmya R Rao, Amany H Refaat, Serge Resnikoff, Gholamreza Roshandel, Georges Saade, Mohammad Y Saeedi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Shadi Saleh, Lidia Sanchez-Riera, Maheswar Satpathy, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Tesfaye Setegn, Amira Shaheen, Saeid Shahraz, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Kawkab Shishani, Karen Sliwa, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Abdullah S Terkawi, Olalekan A Uthman, Ronny Westerman, Mustafa Z Younis, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Faiez Zannad, Gregory A Roth, Haidong Wang, Mohsen Naghavi, Theo Vos, Abdullah A Al Rabeeah, Alan D Lopez, Christopher J L Murray
BACKGROUND: The eastern Mediterranean region is comprised of 22 countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Since our Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010), the region has faced unrest as a result of revolutions, wars, and the so-called Arab uprisings. The objective of this study was to present the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the eastern Mediterranean region as of 2013...
October 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323581/nutritional-status-and-associated-factors-among-children-less-than-five-years-of-age-in-tehsil-zarghoon-town-district-quetta-baluchistan
#5
Pairzo Achakzai, Rukhsana Khan
BACKGROUND: Globally, more than one-third of mortalities in children under five years of age are attributable to malnutrition. The prevalence of malnourished children in Pakistan is inclining. A knowledge gap exists due to availability of limited literature about the nutritional status of children in rural Baluchistan. Therefore, this study assessed the magnitude and factors associated with nutritional status of children of less than five years of age in Tehsil Zarghoon Town of District Quetta...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323566/nutritional-status-and-associated-factors-in-under-five-children-of-rawalpindi
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
Shafaq Mahmood, Sehrish Nadeem, Tayyaba Saif, Mavra Mannan, Urooj Arshad
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a serious child health issue throughout the developing world. Pakistan has the second highest infant and child mortality rate in South Asia. This study was carried out to assess the nutritional status of children under 5 years of age and to determine the frequency and association of malnutrition with various demographic variables in the study group. METHODS: A multi-centre, cross sectional study was conducted at the immunization centres of the 3 allied hospitals of Rawalpindi Medical College during March-May 2014...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222421/estimating-dietary-micronutrient-supply-and-the-prevalence-of-inadequate-intakes-from-national-food-balance-sheets-in-the-south-asia-regiona
#7
Henry E Mark, Lisa A Houghton, Rosalind S Gibson, Eva Monterrosa, Klaus Kraemer
Micronutrient deficiencies continue to be a major public health concern worldwide with many South Asian countries suffering a significant proportion of the global burden. A lack of nationally representative data on micronutrient deficiencies hampers sustained action to address the problem. Using data on the national food supply produced by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, and international food composition tables, the present study estimated the prevalence of inadequacy of seven micronutrients (vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, folate, vitamin B-12, zinc and calcium) in seven South Asian countries--Bangladesh, India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26918220/feeding-patterns-and-predictors-of-malnutrition-in-infants-from-poor-socioeconomic-areas-in-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Muhammad Umer Nisar, Malik Muhammad Anwar Ul Haq, Saad Tariq, Madiha Anwar, Anam Khawar, Ahmed Waqas, Anam Nisar
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition, a state of under or over nutrition caused by improper food intake, causes significant morbidity and mortality in developing countries. It leads to a number of diseases which can be further divided into those caused by protein-caloric malnutrition and those caused by vitamin deficiencies, micronutrient, and mineral deficiencies. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors which contribute to malnutrition and to assess the dietary pattern in the pediatric population from birth up to five months belonging to poor socioeconomic areas...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26776270/acceptability-of-locally-produced-ready-to-use-therapeutic-foods-in-ethiopia-ghana-pakistan-and-india
#9
Jacklyn M Weber, Kelsey N Ryan, Rajiv Tandon, Meeta Mathur, Tsinuel Girma, Matilda Steiner-Asiedu, Firibu Saalia, Shujaat Zaidi, Sajid Soofi, Martin Okos, Stephen A Vosti, Mark J Manary
Successful treatment of severe acute malnutrition has been achieved with ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF), but only 15% of children with severe acute malnutrition receive RUTF. The objective of this study was to determine whether new formulations of RUTF produced using locally available ingredients were acceptable to young children in Ethiopia, Ghana, Pakistan and India. The local RUTFs were formulated using a linear programming tool that allows for inclusion of only local ingredients and minimizes cost...
January 18, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26159354/the-infectious-and-noninfectious-dermatological-consequences-of-flooding-a-field-manual-for-the-responding-provider
#10
REVIEW
Justin P Bandino, Anna Hang, Scott A Norton
Meteorological data show that disastrous floods are increasingly frequent and more severe in recent years, perhaps due to climatic changes such as global warming. During and after a flood disaster, traumatic injuries, communicable diseases, chemical exposures, malnutrition, decreased access to care, and even mental health disorders dramatically increase, and many of these have dermatological manifestations. Numerous case reports document typical and atypical cutaneous infections, percutaneous trauma, immersion injuries, noninfectious contact exposures, exposure to wildlife, and exacerbation of underlying skin diseases after such disasters as the 2004 Asian tsunami, Hurricane Katrina in 2005, and the 2010 Pakistan floods...
October 2015: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26101500/seroprevalence-rate-of-poliovirus-antibodies-among-the-healthy-and-protein-energy-malnutrition-children
#11
Aliya Yousuf, Skindar Ali Syed Shah, Imtiaz Ahmed Syed Jaffery, Syed Azher Ahmed, M A Basit Khan, Mohammad Aslam
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between Protein energy malnutrition and polio-specific immunoglobulin G antibodies production among children in Gadap Town Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: Comparative cross sectional survey conducted at fixed EPI center and Pediatric OPD of a tertiary care hospital Karachi. Children were selected by convenient sampling method during the period from 17 March to 17 May 2013. It was ensured that they must have received more than seven oral polio vaccine doses as eligibility criteria for the study...
March 2015: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26017477/barriers-to-access-for-severe-acute-malnutrition-treatment-services-in-pakistan-and-ethiopia-a-comparative-qualitative-analysis
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Chloe Puett, Saul Guerrero
OBJECTIVE: To understand and compare the primary barriers households face when accessing treatment for cases of childhood severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in different cultural settings with different types of implementing agencies. DESIGN: The study presents a comparative qualitative analysis of two SAM treatment services, selected to include: (i) one programme implemented by a non-governmental organization and one by a Ministry of Health; and (ii) programmes considered to be successful, defined as either coverage level achieved or extent of integration within government infrastructure...
July 2015: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25917673/immunogenicity-of-poliovirus-vaccines-in-chronically-malnourished-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-pakistan
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ali Faisal Saleem, Ondrej Mach, Farheen Quadri, Asia Khan, Zaid Bhatti, Najeeb Ur Rehman, Sohail Zaidi, William C Weldon, Steven M Oberste, Maha Salama, Roland W Sutter, Anita K M Zaidi
Reaching high population immunity against polioviruses (PV) is essential to achieving global polio eradication. Efficacy of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) varies and is lower among children living in tropical areas with impoverished environments. Malnutrition found as a risk factor for lower serological protection against PV. We compared whether inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) can be used to rapidly close the immunity gap among chronically malnourished (stunted) infants in Pakistan who will not be eligible for the 14 week IPV dose in routine EPI schedule...
June 4, 2015: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25839673/pakistan-and-the-millennium-development-goals-for-maternal-and-child-health-progress-and-the-way-forward
#14
Arjumand Rizvi, Zaid Bhatti, Jai K Das, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
The world has made substantial progress in reducing maternal and child mortality, but many countries are projected to fall short of achieving their Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5 targets. The major objective of this paper is to examine progress in Pakistan in reducing maternal and child mortality and malnutrition over the last two decades. Data from recent national and international surveys suggest that Pakistan lags behind on all of its MDGs related to maternal and child health and, for some indicators especially related to nutrition, the situation has worsened from the baseline of 1990...
April 3, 2015: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25830938/malnutrition-in-south-asia-a-critical-reappraisal
#15
Saeed Akhtar
Malnutrition continues to be a major public health challenge especially in South Asian developing countries. The aim of the present review is to spotlight the magnitude of the prevalence of malnutrition and its dynamics in South Asian region and to suggest potential approaches for the prevention and control of this issue of public health significance. An extensive review of literature, covering malnutrition and its determinants, health and economic consequences and pragmatic preventive strategies was performed on computer based bibliographic databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Medline and Sciencedirect...
October 25, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25544383/scaling-up-nutrition-in-fragile-and-conflict-affected-states-the-pivotal-role-of-governance
#16
Sebastian A J Taylor, Carolina Perez-Ferrer, Andrew Griffiths, Eric Brunner
Acute and chronic undernutrition undermine conditions for health, stability and socioeconomic development across the developing world. Although fragile and conflict-affected states have some of the highest rates of undernutrition globally, their response to the multilateral 'Scaling Up Nutrition' (SUN) initiative in its first two-year period was ambivalent. The purpose of this research was to investigate factors affecting fragile and conflict-affected states' engagement with SUN, and to examine what differentiated those fragile states that joined SUN in its first phase from those that did not...
February 2015: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25467615/improving-diabetes-care-in-developing-countries-the-example-of-pakistan
#17
REVIEW
Abdul Basit, Musarrat Riaz, Asher Fawwad
Pakistan is a developing country with limited recourses and diverse economic social patterns. Pakistan has high prevalence of diabetes and its complication, which is a huge challenge to the existing health care system. The major contributing risk factors are urbanization and change in lifestyle, maternal and fetal malnutrition and genetic factors. National action plans for control of diabetes have been made since 1995 but actions in this regard were not perfect. Training of primary care physicians and development of multidisciplinary diabetes care teams was initiated...
February 2015: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25305302/demographic-socioeconomic-and-health-characteristics-of-the-mal-ed-network-study-site-in-rural-pakistan
#18
Ali Turab, Sajid B Soofi, Imran Ahmed, Zaid Bhatti, Anita K M Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmad Bhutta
The Pakistan study site of the Etiology, Risk Factors and Interactions of Enteric Infections and Malnutrition and the Consequences for Child Health and Development (MAL-ED) cohort study is located in Molhan union council of Naushahro Feroze district in the Sindh province. The study site is located in a rural district, where the majority of the population has an agrarian livelihood. Most families are nuclear families and the average household has 7 persons. More than half the women in the region have no formal education, and the median parity is 6...
November 1, 2014: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25305296/the-mal-ed-cohort-study-methods-and-lessons-learned-when-assessing-early-child-development-and-caregiving-mediators-in-infants-and-young-children-in-8-low-and-middle-income-countries
#19
Laura E Murray-Kolb, Zeba A Rasmussen, Rebecca J Scharf, Muneera A Rasheed, Erling Svensen, Jessica C Seidman, Fahmida Tofail, Beena Koshy, Rita Shrestha, Angelina Maphula, Angel Orbe Vasquez, Hilda P da Costa, Aisha K Yousafzai, Reinaldo B Oria, Reeba Roshan, Eliwasa B Bayyo, Margaret Kosek, Sanjaya Shrestha, Barbara A Schaefer, Pascal Bessong, Tahmeed Ahmed, Dennis Lang
More epidemiological data are needed on risk and protective factors for child development. In The Etiology, Risk Factors and Interactions of Enteric Infections and Malnutrition and the Consequences for Child Health and Development (MAL-ED) cohort study, we assessed child development in a harmonious manner across 8 sites in Bangladesh, Brazil, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Peru, South Africa, and Tanzania. From birth to 24 months, development and language acquisition were assessed via the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development and a modified MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory...
November 1, 2014: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25069289/severe-acute-malnutrition-in-asia
#20
Tahmeed Ahmed, Muttaquina Hossain, Mustafa Mahfuz, Nuzhat Choudhury, Mir Mobarak Hossain, Nita Bhandari, Maung Maung Lin, Prakash Chandra Joshi, Mirak Raj Angdembe, V Pujitha Wickramasinghe, S M Moazzem Hossain, Mohammad Shahjahan, Sugeng Eko Irianto, Sajid Soofi, Zulfiqar Bhutta
Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a common condition that kills children and intellectually maims those who survive. Close to 20 million children under the age of 5 years suffer from SAM globally, and about 1 million of them die each year. Much of this burden takes place in Asia. Six countries in Asia together have more than 12 million children suffering from SAM: 0.6 million in Afghanistan, 0.6 million in Bangladesh, 8.0 million in India, 1.2 million in Indonesia, 1.4 million in Pakistan, and 0.6 million in Yemen...
June 2014: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
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