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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734703/child-malnutrition-in-pakistan-evidence-from-literature
#1
REVIEW
Muhammad Asim, Yasir Nawaz
Pakistan has one of the highest prevalences of child malnutrition as compared to other developing countries. This narrative review was accomplished to examine the published empirical literature on children’s nutritional status in Pakistan. The objectives of this review were to know about the methodological approaches used in previous studies, to assess the overall situation of childhood malnutrition, and to identify the areas that have not yet been studied. This study was carried out to collect and synthesize the relevant data from previously published papers through different scholarly database search engines...
May 4, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722846/high-dose-vitamin-d3-in-the-treatment-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-multicenter-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Javeria Saleem, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Z Zakar, Mulugeta Belay, Marion Rowe, Peter M Timms, Robert Scragg, Adrian R Martineau
Background: Vitamin D deficiency is common in children with severe acute malnutrition, in whom it is associated with severe wasting. Ready-to-use therapeutic food (the standard treatment) contains modest amounts of vitamin D that do not reliably correct deficiency. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether high-dose oral vitamin D3 enhances weight gain and development in children with uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition. Design: We conducted a randomized placebo-controlled trial of high-dose vitamin D3 supplementation in children aged 6-58 mo with uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition in Pakistan...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658624/review-of-the-nutrition-situation-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#3
REVIEW
Lara Nasreddine, Jennifer J Ayoub, Ayoub Al Jawaldeh
This situation analysis for the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region focuses on specific nutrition indicators, namely low birth weight, exclusive breastfeeding, under- and overnutrition (anthropometric indicators) and anaemia. The regional average prevalence of low birth weight and exclusive breastfeeding was estimated at 19.31% and 29.3%, respectively. Stunting, wasting and underweight had an average prevalence of 28%, 8.69% and 18%, respectively. Afghanistan, Djibouti, Pakistan, Sudan and Yemen had the highest burden of stunting (> 30%)...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615143/recovery-and-relapse-from-severe-acute-malnutrition-after-treatment-a-prospective-observational-cohort-trial-in-pakistan
#4
Nancy M Dale, Laila Salim, Lindsey Lenters, Salim Sadruddin, Mark Myatt, Stanley H Zlotkin
OBJECTIVE: Millions of children suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in low- and middle- income countries. Much is known about the effectiveness of community treatment programmes (CMAM) but little is known about post-discharge outcomes after successful treatment. The present study aimed to evaluate post-discharge outcomes of children cured of SAM. DESIGN: Prospective, observational cohort study. Children with SAM who were discharged as cured were followed monthly for 6 months or until they experienced relapse to SAM...
April 4, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542137/characterizing-bread-wheat-genotypes-of-pakistani-origin-for-grain-zinc-biofortification-potential
#5
Abdul Rehman, Muhammad Farooq, Ahmad Nawaz, Abdullah M Al-Sadi, Khalid S Al-Hashmi, Faisal Nadeem, Aman Ullah
BACKGROUND: Zinc (Zn) is essential for all life forms and its deficiency is a major issue of malnutrition in humans. This study was carried out to characterize 28 wheat genotypes of Pakistani origin for grain zinc biofortification potential, genetic diversity and relatedness. RESULTS: There was low genetic differentiation among the tested genotypes. However, they differed greatly in yield-related traits, grain mineral (Zn, calcium (Ca) and protein) concentrations and Zn bioavailability...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119823/maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-child-nutritional-status-a-cross-sectional-study-in-socially-disadvantaged-pakistani-community
#6
Qamar Saeed, Nadia Shah, Sumera Inam, Kashif Shafique
Malnutrition is a primary cause of child morbidity and mortality. The effects of maternal depressive symptoms on children's health, especially their nutritional status, have received less attention in developing countries but needs to be evaluated to understand the public health implications of maternal depression. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between maternal depressive symptoms and children's nutritional status using data from low socioeconomic community in Pakistan. Maternal depressive symptoms defined as Aga Khan University Anxiety and Depression Scale score of 20 or greater was assessed for mothers with children under two years of age...
September 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094035/women-s-marriage-age-matters-for-public-health-a-review-of-the-broader-health-and-social-implications-in-south-asia
#7
REVIEW
Akanksha A Marphatia, Gabriel S Ambale, Alice M Reid
In many traditional societies, women's age at marriage acts simultaneously as a gateway to new family roles and the likelihood of producing offspring. However, inadequate attention has previously been given to the broader health and social implications of variability in women's marriage age for public health. Biomedical scientists have primarily been concerned with whether the onset of reproduction occurs before the woman is adequately able to nurture her offspring and maintain her own health. Social scientists have argued that early marriage prevents women from attaining their rightful education, accessing employment and training opportunities, developing social relationships with peers, and participating in civic life...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076801/quality-of-care-of-treatment-for-uncomplicated-severe-acute-malnutrition-provided-by-lady-health-workers-in-pakistan
#8
Eleanor Rogers, Muhammad Ali, Shahid Fazal, Deepak Kumar, Saul Guerrero, Imtiaz Hussain, Sajid Soofi, Jose Luis Alvarez Morán
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of care provided by lady health workers (LHW) managing cases of uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the community. DESIGN: Cross-sectional quality-of-care study. SETTING: The feasibility of the implementation of screening and treatment for uncomplicated SAM in the community by LHW was tested in Sindh Province, Pakistan. An observational, clinical prospective multicentre cohort study compared the LHW-delivered care with the existing outpatient health facility model...
February 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948455/trace-elements-in-blood-samples-of-smoker-and-nonsmoker-active-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-from-jamshoro-pakistan
#9
Zainab Manzoor Memon, Erkan Yilmaz, Afsheen Mushtaque Shah, Ugur Sahin, Tasneem Gul Kazi, Bikha Ram Devrajani, Mustafa Soylak
Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is a serious public threat throughout the world. PTB and smoking have a strong correlation. Malnutrition, poverty, addiction, overcrowding, illiteracy, unemployment, and poor hygienic conditions are the collective aspects for the disease progress. Pakistan is the fifth among 22 high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries and the fourth regarding multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The aim of study was to determine the concentration of essential and toxic elements from blood samples of smoker and nonsmoker PTB patients by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) followed by microwave acid digestion and compared with control subjects (n = 30)...
December 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924276/frequency-and-determinants-of-malnutrition-in-children-aged-between-6-to-59-months-in-district-tharparkar-a-rural-area-of-sindh
#10
Shahid Ahsan, Naveed Mansoori, Syed Maqsood Mohiuddin, Syed Muhammad Mubeen, Rubab Saleem, Muhammad Irfanullah
OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of children living in Tharparkar. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in four villages of Tharparkar district of Sindh, Pakistan, in 2014, and comprised children aged between 6 and 59 months. Data was collected from mothers and anthropometry of children was done using standard techniques. Nutritional status was assessed by using age- and sex-specific World Health Organisation standard charts for underweight, stunting and wasting...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839306/role-of-sociocultural-perceptions-in-malnutrition-of-children-under-the-age-of-5-years-in-a-semi-urban-community-of-pakistan
#11
Umme Kulsoom Khattak, Saima Perwaiz Iqbal, Haider Ghazanfar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of sociocultural perception on the nutritional status of children under five years of age. METHODS: This cross-sectional study using a self-constructed questionnaire was conducted at the Shifa Rotary Clinic, Nurpur Shahan, Pakistan, from February to October 2016, and comprised mothers and children. Mothers age 18-45years having a child less than 5 years old were included. SPSS 21 was used for data analysis. . RESULTS: Of the 564 participants, 526(93...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811783/incidence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-low-birth-weight-babies-born-in-shaikh-khalifa-bin-zayad-al-nayan-hospital-muzaffarabad-azad-jammu-and-kashmir
#12
Gulnaz Iltaf, Beenish Shahid, Muhammad Ijaz Khan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Birth weight is the most important factor that affects infant and child mortality. The most common cause of low birth is malnutrition before and during the pregnancy period. The present study was conducted to explore the associated risk factors of low birth weight which will be helpful to undertake effective measures to reduce the incidence of the low birth weight babies. METHODS: The study was conducted at Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayad Al-Nayan Hospital Muzaffarabad...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806355/seroprevalence-of-anti-polio-antibodies-in-children-from-polio-high-risk-areas-of-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey-2015-2016
#13
Imtiaz Hussain, Ondrej Mach, Atif Habib, Zaid Bhatti, Zamir Suhag, M Steven Oberste, William C Weldon, Roland W Sutter, Sajid B Soofi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Pakistan is one of the 3 remaining wild poliovirus endemic countries. We collected sera from children to assess the prevalence of poliovirus antibodies in selected high-risk areas for poliovirus transmission. METHODS: Children in 2 age groups (6-11 and 36-48 months) were randomly selected between November 2015 and March 2016 in 6 areas of Pakistan (Sindh Province: Karachi and Kashmore; Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province: Peshawar, Bannu and Nowshera; Punjab Province: Faisalabad)...
September 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693602/house-ownership-frequency-of-illness-fathers-education-the-most-significant-socio-demographic-determinants-of-poor-nutritional-status-in-adolescent-girls-from-low-income-households-of-lahore-pakistan
#14
Fatima Hassan, Muhammad Asim, Shafya Salim, Ayesha Humayun
BACKGROUND: Socio demographic factors besides dietary factors play important role in determining the health status of an individual. Health and nutritional Intervention programs stand a greater chance of success if planned, keeping the socio demographic characteristics of a certain population in focus. The present study was conducted to identify those socio demographic determinants which have a significant association with poor nutritional status in adolescent girls belonging to economically deprived households of Lahore...
July 11, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690950/the-role-of-parents-literacy-in-malnutrition-of-children-under-the-age-of-five-years-in-a-semi-urban-community-of-pakistan-a-case-control-study
#15
Umme K Khattak, Saima P Iqbal, Haider Ghazanfar
OBJECTIVES: According to a recent survey, Pakistan was ranked as the third highest country with malnutrition and the under-five child mortality. No realistic solution for this growing problem has been found despite the fact that the struggle to tackle the issue of malnutrition among young Pakistani children has been going on for the last several decades. The objective of our study was to look into the relationship between parental education and malnutrition in Pakistan and to make a recommendation to improve the nutritional condition of the children...
June 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675134/overview-of-the-infant-and-young-child-feeding-policy-environment-in-pakistan-federal-sindh-and-punjab-context
#16
Hana Mahmood, Yasmeen Suleman, Tabish Hazir, Durre Samin Akram, Shahadat Uddin, Michael J Dibley, Saleem Abassi, Amara Shakeel, Narjis Kazmi, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices have been identified as important for appropriate child growth and development. (Ministry of Planning and Development, Ministry of National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination (2012)) Children in Pakistan still experience high rates of malnutrition, indicating a likely need for stronger IYCF policy. The purpose of this study was to identify major stakeholders who shape the IYCF policy environment and analyze which policies protect, promote and support IYCF practices, either directly or indirectly...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594232/revisiting-the-aids-epidemic-in-pakistan-where-we-stand-and-what-we-must-aim-for
#17
Hamza Arshad Dar, Areeba Mubashir, Manal Adil, Aiman Farzeen, Hasaan Naseer, Gohar Ayub, Sajid Mansoor, Aneela Javed
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is the major cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in humans, where the immune system totally succumbs to the virus. A large proportion of the AIDS infected belong to developing countries and AIDS prevalence is intensified by severe poverty, malnutrition, and famine; fatal illnesses with a scorn shortage of medical amenities complemented with the lack of education and development. Current Pakistani health system setting is in a dire need of improvement...
October 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526065/malnutrition-and-poor-oral-health-status-are-major-risks-among-primary-school-children-at-lasbela-balochistan-pakistan
#18
Muhammad Ayaz Mustufa, Abdul Karim Jamali, Ifra Sameen, Fateh Muhammad Burfat, Mir Yousaf Baloch, Abdul Hameed Baloch, Ghulam Rasool Baloch, Shazia Kulsoom Lashari, Sobiya Mohiuddin Ayaz, Muhammad Younus Baloch
BACKGROUND: This survey was focusing on health and oral hygiene status of primary school children at Lasbela district considering the comparatively less developed and socio demographically deprived part of the Country. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the health status of primary school children in seven tehseels of district Lasbela, Balochistan after applying proportionate sampling technique from March 2015 to July 2015. Field teams visited assigned schools to screen children and collect health related data on predesigned and pre coded proforma...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523054/acute-bacterial-meningitis-in-children-presenting-to-the-children-s-hospital-lahore-before-and-after-pneumococcal-vaccine-in-pakistan-national-immunization-program-a-comparison
#19
Attia Bari, Fatima Zeeshan, Aizza Zafar, Hasan Ejaz, Uzma Jabeen, Ahsan Waheed Rathore
OBJECTIVE: To describe bacteriological profile, morbidity and mortality of acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) in children and to compare these parameters before and after the introduction of Pneumococcal vaccine in Pakistan National Immunization Program. METHODS: The present descriptive study was conducted at the Department of Paediatric Medicine of The Children's Hospital Lahore from January 2012 to December 2015. A total of 503 children one month to five years of age admitted with diagnosis of meningitis were included...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408415/impact-of-international-quality-improvement-collaborative-on-congenital-heart-surgery-in-pakistan
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Amina Khan, Ahmed Abdullah, Huzaifa Ahmad, Arjumand Rizvi, Sehrish Batool, Kathy J Jenkins, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Muneer Amanullah, Anwar Haq, Nadeem Aslam, Fauzia Minai, Babar Hasan
BACKGROUND: The International Quality Improvement Collaborative (IQIC) was formed to reduce mortality and morbidity from congenital heart disease (CHD) surgeries in low/middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: We conducted this study to compare the postoperative outcomes of CHD surgeries at a centre in Pakistan before and after joining IQIC. METHODS: The IQIC provides guidelines targeting key drivers responsible for morbidity and mortality in postoperativepatients with CHD...
November 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
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