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malnutrition pakistan

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924276/frequency-and-determinants-of-malnutrition-in-children-aged-between-6-to-59-months-in-district-tharparkar-a-rural-area-of-sindh
#1
Shahid Ahsan, Naveed Mansoori, Syed Maqsood Mohiuddin, Syed Muhammad Mubeen, Rubab Saleem, Muhammad Irfanullah
OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of children living in Tharparkar. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in four villages of Tharparkar district of Sindh, Pakistan, in 2014, and comprised children aged between 6 and 59 months. Data was collected from mothers and anthropometry of children was done using standard techniques. Nutritional status was assessed by using age- and sex-specific World Health Organisation standard charts for underweight, stunting and wasting...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839306/role-of-sociocultural-perceptions-in-malnutrition-of-children-under-the-age-of-5-years-in-a-semi-urban-community-of-pakistan
#2
Umme Kulsoom Khattak, Saima Perwaiz Iqbal, Haider Ghazanfar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of sociocultural perception on the nutritional status of children under five years of age. METHODS: This cross-sectional study using a self-constructed questionnaire was conducted at the Shifa Rotary Clinic, Nurpur Shahan, Pakistan, from February to October 2016, and comprised mothers and children. Mothers age 18-45years having a child less than 5 years old were included. SPSS 21 was used for data analysis. . RESULTS: Of the 564 participants, 526(93...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811783/incidence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-low-birth-weight-babies-born-in-shaikh-khalifa-bin-zayad-al-nayan-hospital-muzaffarabad-azad-jammu-and-kashmir
#3
Gulnaz Iltaf, Beenish Shahid, Muhammad Ijaz Khan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Birth weight is the most important factor that affects infant and child mortality. The most common cause of low birth is malnutrition before and during the pregnancy period. The present study was conducted to explore the associated risk factors of low birth weight which will be helpful to undertake effective measures to reduce the incidence of the low birth weight babies. METHODS: The study was conducted at Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayad Al-Nayan Hospital Muzaffarabad...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806355/seroprevalence-of-anti-polio-antibodies-in-children-from-polio-high-risk-areas-of-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey-2015-2016
#4
Imtiaz Hussain, Ondrej Mach, Atif Habib, Zaid Bhatti, Zamir Suhag, M Steven Oberste, William C Weldon, Roland W Sutter, Sajid B Soofi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Pakistan is one of the 3 remaining wild poliovirus endemic countries. We collected sera from children to assess the prevalence of poliovirus antibodies in selected high-risk areas for poliovirus transmission. METHODS: Children in 2 age groups (6-11 and 36-48 months) were randomly selected between November 2015 and March 2016 in 6 areas of Pakistan (Sindh Province: Karachi and Kashmore; Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province: Peshawar, Bannu and Nowshera; Punjab Province: Faisalabad)...
September 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693602/house-ownership-frequency-of-illness-fathers-education-the-most-significant-socio-demographic-determinants-of-poor-nutritional-status-in-adolescent-girls-from-low-income-households-of-lahore-pakistan
#5
Fatima Hassan, Muhammad Asim, Shafya Salim, Ayesha Humayun
BACKGROUND: Socio demographic factors besides dietary factors play important role in determining the health status of an individual. Health and nutritional Intervention programs stand a greater chance of success if planned, keeping the socio demographic characteristics of a certain population in focus. The present study was conducted to identify those socio demographic determinants which have a significant association with poor nutritional status in adolescent girls belonging to economically deprived households of Lahore...
July 11, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690950/the-role-of-parents-literacy-in-malnutrition-of-children-under-the-age-of-five-years-in-a-semi-urban-community-of-pakistan-a-case-control-study
#6
Umme K Khattak, Saima P Iqbal, Haider Ghazanfar
OBJECTIVES: According to a recent survey, Pakistan was ranked as the third highest country with malnutrition and the under-five child mortality. No realistic solution for this growing problem has been found despite the fact that the struggle to tackle the issue of malnutrition among young Pakistani children has been going on for the last several decades. The objective of our study was to look into the relationship between parental education and malnutrition in Pakistan and to make a recommendation to improve the nutritional condition of the children...
June 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675134/overview-of-the-infant-and-young-child-feeding-policy-environment-in-pakistan-federal-sindh-and-punjab-context
#7
Hana Mahmood, Yasmeen Suleman, Tabish Hazir, Durre Samin Akram, Shahadat Uddin, Michael J Dibley, Saleem Abassi, Amara Shakeel, Narjis Kazmi, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices have been identified as important for appropriate child growth and development. (Ministry of Planning and Development, Ministry of National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination (2012)) Children in Pakistan still experience high rates of malnutrition, indicating a likely need for stronger IYCF policy. The purpose of this study was to identify major stakeholders who shape the IYCF policy environment and analyze which policies protect, promote and support IYCF practices, either directly or indirectly...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594232/revisiting-the-aids-epidemic-in-pakistan-where-we-stand-and-what-we-must-aim-for
#8
Hamza Arshad Dar, Areeba Mubashir, Manal Adil, Aiman Farzeen, Hasaan Naseer, Gohar Ayub, Sajid Mansoor, Aneela Javed
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is the major cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in humans, where the immune system totally succumbs to the virus. A large proportion of the AIDS infected belong to developing countries and AIDS prevalence is intensified by severe poverty, malnutrition, and famine; fatal illnesses with a scorn shortage of medical amenities complemented with the lack of education and development. Current Pakistani health system setting is in a dire need of improvement...
July 11, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526065/malnutrition-and-poor-oral-health-status-are-major-risks-among-primary-school-children-at-lasbela-balochistan-pakistan
#9
Muhammad Ayaz Mustufa, Abdul Karim Jamali, Ifra Sameen, Fateh Muhammad Burfat, Mir Yousaf Baloch, Abdul Hameed Baloch, Ghulam Rasool Baloch, Shazia Kulsoom Lashari, Sobiya Mohiuddin Ayaz, Muhammad Younus Baloch
BACKGROUND: This survey was focusing on health and oral hygiene status of primary school children at Lasbela district considering the comparatively less developed and socio demographically deprived part of the Country. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the health status of primary school children in seven tehseels of district Lasbela, Balochistan after applying proportionate sampling technique from March 2015 to July 2015. Field teams visited assigned schools to screen children and collect health related data on predesigned and pre coded proforma...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523054/acute-bacterial-meningitis-in-children-presenting-to-the-children-s-hospital-lahore-before-and-after-pneumococcal-vaccine-in-pakistan-national-immunization-program-a-comparison
#10
Attia Bari, Fatima Zeeshan, Aizza Zafar, Hasan Ejaz, Uzma Jabeen, Ahsan Waheed Rathore
OBJECTIVE: To describe bacteriological profile, morbidity and mortality of acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) in children and to compare these parameters before and after the introduction of Pneumococcal vaccine in Pakistan National Immunization Program. METHODS: The present descriptive study was conducted at the Department of Paediatric Medicine of The Children's Hospital Lahore from January 2012 to December 2015. A total of 503 children one month to five years of age admitted with diagnosis of meningitis were included...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408415/impact-of-international-quality-improvement-collaborative-on-congenital-heart-surgery-in-pakistan
#11
Amina Khan, Ahmed Abdullah, Huzaifa Ahmad, Arjumand Rizvi, Sehrish Batool, Kathy J Jenkins, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Muneer Amanullah, Anwar Haq, Nadeem Aslam, Fauzia Minai, Babar Hasan
BACKGROUND: The International Quality Improvement Collaborative (IQIC) was formed to reduce mortality and morbidity from congenital heart disease (CHD) surgeries in low/middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: We conducted this study to compare the postoperative outcomes of CHD surgeries at a centre in Pakistan before and after joining IQIC. METHODS: The IQIC provides guidelines targeting key drivers responsible for morbidity and mortality in postoperativepatients with CHD...
April 13, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056945/a-mixed-methods-study-to-assess-the-effectiveness-of-food-based-interventions-to-prevent-stunting-among-children-under-five-years-in-districts-thatta-and-sujawal-sindh-province-pakistan-study-protocol
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sumra Kureishy, Gul Nawaz Khan, Shabina Arrif, Khizar Ashraf, Angela Cespedes, Muhammad Atif Habib, Imtiaz Hussain, Asmat Ullah, Ali Turab, Imran Ahmed, Shehla Zaidi, Sajid Bashir Soofi
BACKGROUND: Maternal and child malnutrition is widely prevalent in low and middle income countries. In Pakistan, widespread food insecurity and malnutrition are the main contributors to poor health, low survival rates and the loss of human capital development. The nutritional status trends among children exhibit a continuous deteriorating with rates of malnutrition exceeding the WHO critical threshold. With the high prevalence of maternal and child malnutrition, it is important to identify effective preventative approaches, especially for reducing stunting in children under-five years of age...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753805/ssa-02-4-disparities-in-hypertension-management-of-ckd-in-south-asia
#13
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642932/ssa-02-4-disparities-in-hypertension-management-of-ckd-in-south-asia
#14
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612599/ethnobotany-of-the-balti-community-tormik-valley-karakorum-range-baltistan-pakistan
#15
Zaheer Abbas, Shujaul Mulk Khan, Arshad Mehmood Abbasi, Andrea Pieroni, Zahid Ullah, Muhammad Iqbal, Zeeshan Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Limited health facilities and malnutrition are major problems in the Karakorum Range of Northern Pakistan, often resulting in various human disorders. Since centuries, however, local communities in these areas have developed traditional methods for treating various ailments and local foods capes that can be significant for devising public health and nutritional policies. This study was intended to document the ethnobotanical knowledge of the local peoples in the Tormik Valley, especially in the medical and food domains...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568068/health-in-times-of-uncertainty-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2013-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#16
Ali H Mokdad, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar, Farah Daoud, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Ibrahim Khalil, Ashkan Afshin, Marwa Tuffaha, Raghid Charara, Ryan M Barber, Joseph Wagner, Kelly Cercy, Hannah Kravitz, Matthew M Coates, Margaret Robinson, Kara Estep, Caitlyn Steiner, Sara Jaber, Ali A Mokdad, Kevin F O'Rourke, Adrienne Chew, Pauline Kim, Mohamed Magdy Abd El Razek, Safa Abdalla, Foad Abd-Allah, Jerry P Abraham, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Abdulwahab A Al-Nehmi, Ali S Akanda, Hanan Al Ahmadi, Mazin J Al Khabouri, Faris H Al Lami, Zulfa A Al Rayess, Deena Alasfoor, Fadia S AlBuhairan, Saleh F Aldhahri, Suliman Alghnam, Samia Alhabib, Nawal Al-Hamad, Raghib Ali, Syed Danish Ali, Mohammad Alkhateeb, Mohammad A AlMazroa, Mahmoud A Alomari, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Ubai Alsharif, Nihaya Al-Sheyab, Shirina Alsowaidi, Mohamed Al-Thani, Khalid A Altirkawi, Azmeraw T Amare, Heresh Amini, Walid Ammar, Palwasha Anwari, Hamid Asayesh, Rana Asghar, Ali M Assabri, Reza Assadi, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Talal Bakfalouni, Mohammed O Basulaiman, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Neeraj Bedi, Amit R Bhakta, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Aref A Bin Abdulhak, Soufiane Boufous, Rupert R A Bourne, Hadi Danawi, Jai Das, Amare Deribew, Eric L Ding, Adnan M Durrani, Yousef Elshrek, Mohamed E Ibrahim, Babak Eshrati, Alireza Esteghamati, Imad A D Faghmous, Farshad Farzadfar, Andrea B Feigl, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Irina Filip, Florian Fischer, Fortuné G Gankpé, Ibrahim Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Rahul Gupta, Rami M Habash, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Randah R Hamadeh, Hayet Hamdouni, Samer Hamidi, Hilda L Harb, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Mohammad T Hedayati, Pouria Heydarpour, Mohamed Hsairi, Abdullatif Husseini, Nader Jahanmehr, Vivekanand Jha, Jost B Jonas, Nadim E Karam, Amir Kasaeian, Nega Assefa Kassa, Anil Kaul, Yousef Khader, Shams Eldin A Khalifa, Ejaz A Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Tawfik Khoja, Ardeshir Khosravi, Yohannes Kinfu, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Arjun Lakshmana Balaji, Raimundas Lunevicius, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Reza Malekzadeh, Morteza Mansourian, Wagner Marcenes, Habibolah Masoudi Farid, Alem Mehari, Abla Mehio-Sibai, Ziad A Memish, George A Mensah, Karzan A Mohammad, Ziad Nahas, Jamal T Nasher, Haseeb Nawaz, Chakib Nejjari, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Saad B Omer, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Emmanuel K Peprah, Aslam Pervaiz, Farshad Pourmalek, Dima M Qato, Mostafa Qorbani, Amir Radfar, Anwar Rafay, Kazem Rahimi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh K Rai, Saleem M Rana, Sowmya R Rao, Amany H Refaat, Serge Resnikoff, Gholamreza Roshandel, Georges Saade, Mohammad Y Saeedi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Shadi Saleh, Lidia Sanchez-Riera, Maheswar Satpathy, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Tesfaye Setegn, Amira Shaheen, Saeid Shahraz, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Kawkab Shishani, Karen Sliwa, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Abdullah S Terkawi, Olalekan A Uthman, Ronny Westerman, Mustafa Z Younis, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Faiez Zannad, Gregory A Roth, Haidong Wang, Mohsen Naghavi, Theo Vos, Abdullah A Al Rabeeah, Alan D Lopez, Christopher J L Murray
BACKGROUND: The eastern Mediterranean region is comprised of 22 countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Since our Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010), the region has faced unrest as a result of revolutions, wars, and the so-called Arab uprisings. The objective of this study was to present the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the eastern Mediterranean region as of 2013...
October 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323581/nutritional-status-and-associated-factors-among-children-less-than-five-years-of-age-in-tehsil-zarghoon-town-district-quetta-baluchistan
#17
Pairzo Achakzai, Rukhsana Khan
BACKGROUND: Globally, more than one-third of mortalities in children under five years of age are attributable to malnutrition. The prevalence of malnourished children in Pakistan is inclining. A knowledge gap exists due to availability of limited literature about the nutritional status of children in rural Baluchistan. Therefore, this study assessed the magnitude and factors associated with nutritional status of children of less than five years of age in Tehsil Zarghoon Town of District Quetta...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323566/nutritional-status-and-associated-factors-in-under-five-children-of-rawalpindi
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Shafaq Mahmood, Sehrish Nadeem, Tayyaba Saif, Mavra Mannan, Urooj Arshad
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a serious child health issue throughout the developing world. Pakistan has the second highest infant and child mortality rate in South Asia. This study was carried out to assess the nutritional status of children under 5 years of age and to determine the frequency and association of malnutrition with various demographic variables in the study group. METHODS: A multi-centre, cross sectional study was conducted at the immunization centres of the 3 allied hospitals of Rawalpindi Medical College during March-May 2014...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222421/estimating-dietary-micronutrient-supply-and-the-prevalence-of-inadequate-intakes-from-national-food-balance-sheets-in-the-south-asia-regiona
#19
Henry E Mark, Lisa A Houghton, Rosalind S Gibson, Eva Monterrosa, Klaus Kraemer
Micronutrient deficiencies continue to be a major public health concern worldwide with many South Asian countries suffering a significant proportion of the global burden. A lack of nationally representative data on micronutrient deficiencies hampers sustained action to address the problem. Using data on the national food supply produced by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, and international food composition tables, the present study estimated the prevalence of inadequacy of seven micronutrients (vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, folate, vitamin B-12, zinc and calcium) in seven South Asian countries--Bangladesh, India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26918220/feeding-patterns-and-predictors-of-malnutrition-in-infants-from-poor-socioeconomic-areas-in-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Muhammad Umer Nisar, Malik Muhammad Anwar Ul Haq, Saad Tariq, Madiha Anwar, Anam Khawar, Ahmed Waqas, Anam Nisar
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition, a state of under or over nutrition caused by improper food intake, causes significant morbidity and mortality in developing countries. It leads to a number of diseases which can be further divided into those caused by protein-caloric malnutrition and those caused by vitamin deficiencies, micronutrient, and mineral deficiencies. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors which contribute to malnutrition and to assess the dietary pattern in the pediatric population from birth up to five months belonging to poor socioeconomic areas...
2016: Curēus
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