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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27120700/successful-implementation-of-outpatient-parenteral-antimicrobial-therapy-at-a-medical-respite-facility-for-homeless-patients
#1
REVIEW
Alison M Beieler, Timothy H Dellit, Jeannie D Chan, Shireesha Dhanireddy, Leslie K Enzian, Tamera J Stone, Edward Dwyer-O'Connor, John B Lynch
BACKGROUND: Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) is a safe way to administer intravenous (IV) antimicrobial therapy to patients with the potential to decrease hospital length of stay (LOS). Often, homeless patients with complex infections, who could otherwise be treated as an outpatient, remain in the hospital for the duration of IV antibiotic treatment. Injection drug use (IDU) is a barrier to OPAT. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate our experience with administering OPAT to homeless patients at a medical respite facility and determine if patients could complete a successful course of antibiotics...
August 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27084279/assessment-of-the-quantity-of-microorganisms-associated-with-bronchiectasis-in-saliva-sputum-and-nasal-lavage-after-periodontal-treatment-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Erika Horácio Pinto, Priscila Larcher Longo, Caroline Cristina Batista de Camargo, Simone Dal Corso, Fernanda De Cordoba Lanza, Rafael Stelmach, Rodrigo Athanazio, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Marcia Pinto Alves Mayer, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita Ferrari, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana
INTRODUCTION: The association between periodontal disease (PD) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been widely studied, with aspiration of periodontal pathogens being one of the most accepted causal mechanisms for pulmonary exacerbation. Periodontal treatment (PT) was associated with a decrease in these exacerbations. Bronchiectasis is a pulmonary disease that has many similarities to COPD; however, there are no studies correlating this condition to PD thus far. This study will evaluate if PT reduces proinflammatory cytokines in serum and saliva, as well as halitosis and the amount of microorganisms associated with exacerbation of bronchiectasis in saliva, sputum and nasal lavage 3 months after PT...
April 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26097336/the-relationship-of-forensic-odontology-with-various-dental-specialties-in-the-articles-published-in-the-journal-of-forensic-odonto-stomatology-from-2005-to-2012
#3
Thorakkal Shamim
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of information about the relationship of forensic odontology with various dental specialties in the articles published in the Journal of Forensic Odonto-Stomatology. This study aimed to find the relationship of forensic odontology with various dental specialties in the articles published in the Journal of Forensic Odonto-Stomatology from 2005 to 2012 over an 8-year period. METHODS: Bibliometric analysis was performed using web-based search during December 2013...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26082464/understanding-paratyphoid-infection-study-protocol-for-the-development-of-a-human-model-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-paratyphi-a-challenge-in-healthy-adult-volunteers
#4
David McCullagh, Hazel C Dobinson, Thomas Darton, Danielle Campbell, Claire Jones, Matthew Snape, Zoe Stevens, Emma Plested, Merryn Voysey, Simon Kerridge, Laura B Martin, Brian Angus, Andrew J Pollard
INTRODUCTION: This study will develop the first human challenge model of paratyphoid infection which may then be taken forward to evaluate paratyphoid vaccine candidates. Salmonella Paratyphi A is believed to cause a quarter of the estimated 20 million cases of enteric fever annually. Epidemiological evidence also suggests that an increasing proportion of the enteric fever burden is attributable to S. Paratyphi infection meriting further attention and interest in vaccine development. Assessment of paratyphoid vaccine efficacy in preclinical studies is complicated by the lack of a small animal model and the human-restricted nature of the infection...
June 16, 2015: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25829373/fosfomycin-versus-meropenem-in-bacteraemic-urinary-tract-infections-caused-by-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-forest-study-protocol-for-an-investigator-driven-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Clara Rosso-Fernández, Jesús Sojo-Dorado, Angel Barriga, Lucía Lavín-Alconero, Zaira Palacios, Inmaculada López-Hernández, Vicente Merino, Manuel Camean, Alvaro Pascual, Jesús Rodríguez-Baño
INTRODUCTION: Finding therapeutic alternatives to carbapenems in infections caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) is imperative. Although fosfomycin was discovered more than 40 years ago, it was not investigated in accordance with current standards and so is not used in clinical practice except in desperate situations. It is one of the so-called neglected antibiotics of high potential interest for the future. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The main objective of this project is to demonstrate the clinical non-inferiority of intravenous fosfomycin with regard to meropenem for treating bacteraemic urinary tract infections (UTI) caused by ESBL-EC...
March 31, 2015: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25427752/professor-philip-d-marsh-is-new-associate-editor-of-journal-of-oral-microbiology
#6
Ingar Olsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Journal of Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25383937/antibiotic-strategies-for-eradicating-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-people-with-cystic-fibrosis
#7
REVIEW
Simon C Langton Hewer, Alan R Smyth
BACKGROUND: Respiratory tract infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa occurs in most people with cystic fibrosis. Once chronic infection is established, Pseudomonas aeruginosa is virtually impossible to eradicate and is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Early infection may be easier to eradicate.This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2003, and previously updated in 2006 and 2009. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether antibiotic treatment of early Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in children and adults with cystic fibrosis eradicates the organism, delays the onset of chronic infection, and results in clinical improvement...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23737089/antibiotic-adjuvant-therapy-for-pulmonary-infection-in-cystic-fibrosis
#8
REVIEW
Matthew N Hurley, Douglas L Forrester, Alan R Smyth
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis is a multi-system disease characterised by the production of thick secretions causing recurrent pulmonary infection, often with unusual bacteria. This leads to lung destruction and eventually death through respiratory failure. There are no antibiotics in development that exert a new mode of action and many of the current antibiotics are ineffective in eradicating the bacteria once chronic infection is established. Antibiotic adjuvants - therapies that act by rendering the organism more susceptible to attack by antibiotics or the host immune system, by rendering it less virulent or killing it by other means, are urgently needed...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23653736/implementation-of-a-service-learning-module-in-medical-microbiology-and-cell-biology-classes-at-an-undergraduate-liberal-arts-university
#9
Maia Larios-Sanz, Alexandra D Simmons, Ruth Ann Bagnall, Rosemarie C Rosell
Here we discuss the implementation of a service-learning module in two upper-division biology classes, Medical Microbiology and Cell Biology. This exciting hands-on learning experience provided our students with an opportunity to extend their learning of in-class topics to a real-life scenario. Students were required to volunteer their time (a minimum of 10 hours in a semester) at an under-served clinic in Houston, Texas. As they interacted with the personnel at the clinic, they were asked to identify the most prevalent disease (infectious for Medical Microbiology, and cellular-based for Cell) seen at the clinic and, working in groups, come up with educational material in the form of a display or brochure to be distributed to patients...
2011: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23633764/biofilm-and-dental-implant-the-microbial-link
#10
Sangeeta Dhir
Mouth provides a congenial environment for the growth of the microorganisms as compared to any other part of the human body by exhibiting an ideal nonshedding surface. Dental plaque happens to be a diverse community of the microorganisms found on the tooth surface. Periodontal disease and the peri-implant disease are specific infections that are originating from these resident microbial species when the balance between the host and the microbial pathogenicity gets disrupted. This review discusses the biofilms in relation to the peri-implant region, factors affecting its presence, and the associated treatment to manage this complex microbial colony...
January 2013: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22612680/bioanalysis-young-investigator-sathyadevi-venkataramani
#11
Sathyadevi Venkataramani
It is with great pleasure that I am writing to recommend Sathyadevi Venkataramani who works as a Scientist in Integrated BioTherapeutics (IBT). Sathya did her graduate research work at the University of Zurich (Switzerland) where she focused on using various bioanalytical tools to characterize the stability of repeat proteins that are emerging as excellent alternatives to antibody therapy. She successfully published her research findings in journals including Protein Science, Biochemistry and Current Microbiology...
May 2012: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21979770/are-lasers-as-effective-as-scaling-for-chronic-periodontitis
#12
Richard Niederman
DATA SOURCES: Medline, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR), Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE), CINAHL, Science Direct, ISI Web of Science, and SCOPUS. The following journals were hand searched: Journal of Periodontology, International Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry, Journal of Clinical Periodontology, Journal of Dental Research, Journal of Periodontal Research, Periodontology 2000, Journal of Dentistry, Journal of American Dental Associations, Journal of Clinical Dentistry, Lasers in Medical Science, Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, Clinical Oral Investigations, and Photomedicine and Laser Surgery as well as the reference lists of included articles...
2011: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21846531/top-cited-articles-in-endodontic-journals
#13
REVIEW
Anastasia Fardi, Konstantinos Kodonas, Christos Gogos, Nikolaos Economides
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to identify the 100 top-cited articles published in journals dedicated to endodontology and analyze their characteristics to describe the quality and evolution of research in the field of endodontology. METHODS: The Institute for Scientific Information Web of Knowledge Database and the Journal Citation Report Science Editions were used to retrieve the 100 most cited articles published in journals dedicated to endodontics...
September 2011: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20927769/antibiotic-adjuvant-therapy-for-pulmonary-infection-in-cystic-fibrosis
#14
REVIEW
Matthew N Hurley, Douglas L Forrester, Alan R Smyth
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis is a multi-system disease characterised by the production of thick secretions causing recurrent pulmonary infection, often with unusual bacteria. This leads to lung destruction and eventually death through respiratory failure. There are no antibiotics in development that exert a new mode of action and many of the current antibiotics are ineffective in eradicating the bacteria once chronic infection is established. Antibiotic adjuvants - therapies that act by rendering the organism more susceptible to attack by antibiotics or the host immune system, by rendering it less virulent or killing it by other means, are urgently needed...
2010: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19821358/probiotics-for-the-treatment-of-bacterial-vaginosis
#15
REVIEW
Abiola C Senok, Hans Verstraelen, Marleen Temmerman, Giuseppe A Botta
BACKGROUND: The dominance of lactobacilli in healthy vaginal microbiota and its depletion in bacterial vaginosis (BV) has given rise to the concept of oral or vaginal instillation of probiotic Lactobacillus strains for the management of this condition. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the efficacy of probiotics in the treatment of BV. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched electronic databases irrespective of publication status or language. These included: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), the HIV/AIDS and STD Cochrane Review Groups' specialized registers, the Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field's Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE (1966 to 2008), EMBASE (1980 to 2007), ISI science citation index (1955 to 2007), CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (1982 to 2007)...
2009: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19821321/antibiotic-strategies-for-eradicating-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-people-with-cystic-fibrosis
#16
REVIEW
Simon C Langton Hewer, Alan R Smyth
BACKGROUND: Lower respiratory tract infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa occurs in most people with cystic fibrosis (CF). Once chronic infection is established, Pseudomonas aeruginosa is virtually impossible to eradicate and is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Early infection may be easier to eradicate. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether antibiotic treatment of early Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in children and adults with CF eradicates the organism, improves clinical and microbiological outcome and is superior to or more cost-effective than other strategies...
2009: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19654249/periodontitis-an-archetypical-biofilm-disease
#17
REVIEW
Christoph Schaudinn, Amita Gorur, Duane Keller, Parish P Sedghizadeh, J William Costerton
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a classic example of biofilm-mediated diseases. METHODS: The authors reviewed selected publications in English-language peer-reviewed journals with respect to microbial biofilms, focusing on representative works that provided a historical to a contemporary perspective on periodontal oral biofilms in the larger context of biofilm microbiology. RESULTS: Developments in advanced microscopy and molecular microbiology have allowed scientists to examine and characterize microbial biofilm-mediated diseases, such as periodontitis, more accurately than in the past...
August 2009: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16683682/the-use-of-ozone-in-dentistry-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Stefan Stübinger, Robert Sader, Andreas Filippi
Ozone has been successfully used in medicine because of its microbiologic properties for more than 100 years. Its bactericide, virucide, and fungicide effects are based on its strong oxidation effect with the formation of free radicals as well as its direct destruction of almost all microorganisms. In addition, ozone has a therapeutic effect that facilitates wound healing and improves the supply of blood. For medical purposes, ozone may be applied as a gas or dissolved in water. Despite the advantages that the therapeutic use of ozone offers, reservations remain in terms of its application in the oral and maxillofacial area...
May 2006: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16437476/antibiotic-strategies-for-eradicating-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-people-with-cystic-fibrosis
#19
REVIEW
D M Wood, A R Smyth
BACKGROUND: Lower respiratory tract infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) occurs in most people with cystic fibrosis. Once chronic infection is established, P. aeruginosa is virtually impossible to eradicate and is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Early infection may be easier to eradicate. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether antibiotic treatment of early P. aeruginosa infection in children and adults with cystic fibrosis eradicates the organism and improves clinical and microbiological outcome...
2006: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/14971257/guided-tissue-regeneration-for-the-treatment-of-periodontal-intrabony-and-furcation-defects-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Kevin G Murphy, John C Gunsolley
BACKGROUND: Many clinical studies have demonstrated that guided tissue regeneration (GTR) is a successful treatment modality of periodontal reconstructive surgery and it has become an accepted procedure in most periodontal practices. RATIONALE: The purpose of this structured review was to assess the efficacy of guided tissue regeneration (GTR) procedures in patients with periodontal osseous defects compared with surgical controls on clinical, radiographic, adverse, and patient-centered outcomes...
December 2003: Annals of Periodontology
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