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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340463/hypoxia-and-hydrogen-sulfide-differentially-affect-normal-and-tumor-derived-vascular-endothelium
#1
Serena Bianco, Daniele Mancardi, Annalisa Merlino, Benedetta Bussolati, Luca Munaron
BACKGROUND: endothelial cells play a key role in vessels formation both under physiological and pathological conditions. Their behavior is influenced by blood components including gasotransmitters (H2S, NO and CO). Tumor cells are subjected to a cyclic shift between pro-oxidative and hypoxic state and, in this scenario, H2S can be both cytoprotective and detrimental depending on its concentration. H2S effects on tumors onset and development is scarcely studied, particularly concerning tumor angiogenesis...
March 18, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340413/design-synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-novel-coumarin-based-benzamides-as-potent-histone-deacetylase-inhibitors-and-anticancer-agents
#2
Tooba Abdizadeh, Mohammad Reza Kalani, Khalil Abnous, Zahra Tayarani-Najaran, Bibi Zahra Khashyarmanesh, Rahman Abdizadeh, Razieh Ghodsi, Farzin Hadizadeh
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are attractive therapeutic targets for the treatment of cancer and other diseases. It has four classes (I-IV), among them especially class I isozyme are involved in promoting tumor cells proliferation, angiogenesis, differentiation, invasion and metastasis and also viable targets for cancer therapeutics. A novel series of coumarin-based benzamides was designed and synthesized as HDAC inhibitors. The cytotoxic activity of the synthesized compounds (8a-u) was evaluated against six human cancer cell lines including HCT116, A2780, MCF7, PC3, HL60 and A549 and a single normal cell line (Huvec)...
March 18, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340404/synthesis-in-vitro-antiproliferative-activity-and-kinase-profile-of-new-benzimidazole-and-benzotriazole-derivatives
#3
Konrad Chojnacki, Patrycja Wińska, Katarzyna Skierka, Monika Wielechowska, Maria Bretner
Protein kinase 2 (CK2), a member of the serine/threonine kinase family, has been established as a promising target in anticancer therapy. New derivatives of known CK2 inhibitors 4,5,6,7-tetrabromo-1H-benzimidazole (TBBi) and 4,5,6,7-tetrabromo-1H-benzotriazole (TBBt) bearing azide or substituted triazole groups were synthesized. Their influence on the activity of human recombinant CK2α and cytotoxicity against normal and cancer cell lines were evaluated. TBBi derivatives with triazole substituted with carboxyl substituent (7 and 10) exhibited the most potent inhibitory activity against CK2 with Ki value in the range of 1...
March 16, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340376/linarin-could-protect-myocardial-tissue-from-the-injury-of-ischemia-reperfusion-through-activating-nrf-2
#4
Qian Yu, Xin Li, Xia Cao
OBJECTIVES: As we all know, oxidative stress was one of the most important causes of ischemia-reperfusion injury. And it was reported that Nrf-2 as an important regulator for oxidative stress could be activated by Linarin. Thus it would be interesting to find whether Linarin could inhibit ischemia-reperfusion injury through activating Nrf-2. METHODS: In this study, cell activity was detected by MTT assay and caspase-3 activity detection kit. And the expressions or activities of some signal proteins were evaluated by western-blot or activity detection kits...
March 21, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340347/rejuvenation-by-therapeutic-elimination-of-senescent-cells
#5
Paul Krimpenfort, Anton Berns
In this issue of Cell, Baar et al. show how FOXO4 protects senescent cell viability by keeping p53 sequestered in nuclear bodies, preventing it from inducing apoptosis. Disrupting this interaction with an all-D amino acid peptide (FOXO4-DRI) restores p53's apoptotic role and ameliorates the consequences of senescence-associated loss of tissue homeostasis.
March 23, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340339/targeted-apoptosis-of-senescent-cells-restores-tissue-homeostasis-in-response-to-chemotoxicity-and-aging
#6
Marjolein P Baar, Renata M C Brandt, Diana A Putavet, Julian D D Klein, Kasper W J Derks, Benjamin R M Bourgeois, Sarah Stryeck, Yvonne Rijksen, Hester van Willigenburg, Danny A Feijtel, Ingrid van der Pluijm, Jeroen Essers, Wiggert A van Cappellen, Wilfred F van IJcken, Adriaan B Houtsmuller, Joris Pothof, Ron W F de Bruin, Tobias Madl, Jan H J Hoeijmakers, Judith Campisi, Peter L J de Keizer
The accumulation of irreparable cellular damage restricts healthspan after acute stress or natural aging. Senescent cells are thought to impair tissue function, and their genetic clearance can delay features of aging. Identifying how senescent cells avoid apoptosis allows for the prospective design of anti-senescence compounds to address whether homeostasis can also be restored. Here, we identify FOXO4 as a pivot in senescent cell viability. We designed a FOXO4 peptide that perturbs the FOXO4 interaction with p53...
March 23, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340295/response-of-catalase-of-the-mouse-primary-hepatocytes-to-sodium-dodecylbenzene-sulfonate-and-the-underlying-molecular-mechanisms
#7
Jing Wang, Jiaxi Wang, Lu Zhang, Rutao Liu, Wansong Zong
This study investigated the adverse effects of sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonates (SDBS) on the mouse primary hepatocytes by conducting cell viability, intracellular oxidative stress level and catalase (CAT) activity assays. It was shown that SDBS altered CAT activities, triggered oxidative stress, and thus exhibited cytotoxicity to the hepatocytes. Both the stimulation of intracellular CAT production and the inhibition of molecular CAT activity contributed to intracellular CAT activity change. Molecular mechanisms underlying CAT activity inhibition and structural changes were explored by isothermal titration calorimetry, multi-spectroscopy and molecular docking studies...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339909/il-17-and-cd40-ligand-synergistically-stimulate-the-chronicity-of-diabetic-nephropathy
#8
Huey-Liang Kuo, Chiu-Ching Huang, Tze-Yi Lin, Ching-Yuang Lin
Background.: Early stages of diabetic nephropathy (DN) are characterized by an influx of inflammatory cells. Interactions between infiltrating T cells and podocytes may play an important role in the ongoing inflammatory response and remodelling. The aim of this study was to explore the role of IL-17 and CD40 ligand (CD40L) in DN. Methods.: The study design involved a case series. Kidney biopsy samples of 69 patients with type 2 diabetes were assessed for the presence of CD4 +  IL-17 +  T cells...
March 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339648/three-dimensional-testicular-organoid-a-novel-tool-for-the-study-of-human-spermatogenesis-and-gonadotoxicity-in-vitro%C3%A2
#9
Samuel S Pendergraft, Hooman Sadri-Ardekani, Anthony Atala, Colin E Bishop
Existing methods for evaluating the potential gonadotoxicity of environmental agents and pharmaceutical compounds rely heavily on animal studies. The current gold standard in vivo functional assays in animals are limited in their human predictive capacity. In addition, existing human two-dimensional in vitro models of testicular toxicity do not accurately reflect the in vivo situation. A more reliable testicular in vitro model system is needed to better assess the gonadotoxic potential of drugs prior to progression into clinical trials...
February 17, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339615/viable-offspring-after-imaging-of-ca2-oscillations-and-visualization-of-the-cortical-reaction-in-mouse-eggs%C3%A2
#10
Yuhkoh Satouh, Kaori Nozawa, Kazuo Yamagata, Takao Fujimoto, Masahito Ikawa
During mammalian fertilization, egg Ca 2+ oscillations are known to play pivotal roles in triggering downstream events such as resumption of the cell cycle and the establishment of blocks to polyspermy. However, viable offspring have not been obtained after monitoring Ca 2+ oscillations, and their spatiotemporal links to subsequent events are still to be examined. Therefore, the development of imaging methods to avoid phototoxic damage while labeling these events is required. Here, we examined the usefulness of genetically encoded Ca 2+ indicators for optical imaging (GECOs), in combination with spinning-disk confocal imaging...
February 3, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339550/the-tension-sensitive-ion-transport-activity-of-msl8-is-critical-for-its-function-in-pollen-hydration-and-germination
#11
Eric S Hamilton, Elizabeth S Haswell
All cells respond to osmotic challenges, including those imposed during normal growth and development. Mechanosensitive (MS) ion channels provide a conserved mechanism for regulating osmotic forces by conducting ions in response to increased membrane tension. We previously demonstrated that the MS ion channel MscS-Like 8 (MSL8) is required for pollen to survive multiple osmotic challenges that occur during the normal process of fertilization, and that it can inhibit pollen germination. However, it remained unclear whether these physiological functions required ion flux through a mechanically gated channel provided by MSL8...
January 10, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339227/cosmic-tsunamis-in-modified-gravity-disruption-of-screening-mechanisms-from-scalar-waves
#12
R Hagala, C Llinares, D F Mota
Extending general relativity by adding extra degrees of freedom is a popular approach for explaining the accelerated expansion of the Universe and to build high energy completions of the theory of gravity. The presence of such new degrees of freedom is, however, tightly constrained from several observations and experiments that aim to test general relativity in a wide range of scales. The viability of a given modified theory of gravity, therefore, strongly depends on the existence of a screening mechanism that suppresses the extra degrees of freedom...
March 10, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339192/a-novel-exposure-system-termed-navetta-for-in-vitro-laminar-flow-electrodeposition-of-nanoaerosol-and-evaluation-of-immune-effects-in-human-lung-reporter-cells
#13
Evelien Frijns, Sandra Verstraelen, Linda Corinna Stoehr, Jo van Laer, An Jacobs, Jan Peters, Kristof Tirez, Matthew Boyles, Mark Geppert, Pierre Madl, Inge Nelissen, Albert Duschl, Martin Himly
A new prototype air-liquid interface (ALI) exposure system, a flatbed aerosol exposure chamber termed NAVETTA, was developed to investigate deposition of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) on cultured human lung A549 cells directly from the gas phase. This device mimics human lung cell exposure to NPs due to a low horizontal gas flow combined with cells exposed at the ALI. Electrostatic field assistance is applied to improve NP deposition efficiency. As proof-of-principle, cell viability and immune responses after short-term exposure to nano-copper oxide (CuO)-aerosol were determined...
March 24, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335557/ros-production-and-erk-activity-are-involved-in-the-effects-of-d-%C3%AE-hydroxybutyrate-and-metformin-in-a-glucose-deficient-condition
#14
Santosh Lamichhane, Tonking Bastola, Ramesh Pariyar, Eun-Sol Lee, Ho-Sub Lee, Dae Ho Lee, Jungwon Seo
Hypoglycemia, a complication of insulin or sulfonylurea therapy in diabetic patients, leads to brain damage. Furthermore, glucose replenishment following hypoglycemic coma induces neuronal cell death. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism underlying glucose deficiency-induced cytotoxicity and the protective effect of d-β-hydroxybutyrate (D-BHB) using SH-SY5Y cells. The cytotoxic mechanism of metformin under glucose deficiency was also examined. Cell viability under 1 mM glucose (glucose deficiency) was significantly decreased which was accompanied by increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and decreased phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and glycogen synthase 3 (GSK3β)...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335434/induction-of-g2m-arrest-by-flavokawain-a-a-kava-chalcone-increases-the-responsiveness-of-her2-overexpressing-breast-cancer-cells-to-herceptin
#15
Danielle D Jandial, Lauren S Krill, Lixia Chen, Chunli Wu, Yu Ke, Jun Xie, Bang H Hoang, Xiaolin Zi
HER2/neu positive breast tumors predict a high mortality and comprise 25%-30% of breast cancer. We have shown that Flavokawain A (FKA) preferentially reduces the viabilities of HER2-overexpressing breast cancer cell lines (i.e., SKBR3 and MCF7/HER2) versus those with less HER2 expression (i.e., MCF7 and MDA-MB-468). FKA at cytotoxic concentrations to breast cancer cell lines also has a minimal effect on the growth of non-malignant breast epithelial MCF10A cells. FKA induces G2M arrest in cell cycle progression of HER2-overexpressing breast cancer cell lines through inhibition of Cdc2 and Cdc25C phosphorylation and downregulation of expression of Myt1 and Wee1 leading to increased Cdc2 kinase activities...
March 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335420/efforts-and-challenges-in-engineering-the-genetic-code
#16
REVIEW
Xiao Lin, Allen Chi Shing Yu, Ting Fung Chan
This year marks the 48th anniversary of Francis Crick's seminal work on the origin of the genetic code, in which he first proposed the "frozen accident" hypothesis to describe evolutionary selection against changes to the genetic code that cause devastating global proteome modification. However, numerous efforts have demonstrated the viability of both natural and artificial genetic code variations. Recent advances in genetic engineering allow the creation of synthetic organisms that incorporate noncanonical, or even unnatural, amino acids into the proteome...
March 14, 2017: Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335342/innovative-self-cleaning-and-biocompatible-polyester-textiles-nano-decorated-with-fe-n-doped-titanium-dioxide
#17
Ionela Cristina Nica, Miruna Silvia Stan, Anca Dinischiotu, Marcela Popa, Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc, Veronica Lazar, Gratiela G Pircalabioru, Eugenia Bezirtzoglou, Ovidiu G Iordache, Elena Varzaru, Iuliana Dumitrescu, Marcel Feder, Florin Vasiliu, Ionel Mercioniu, Lucian Diamandescu
The development of innovative technologies to modify natural textiles holds an important impact for medical applications, including the prevention of contamination with microorganisms, particularly in the hospital environment. In our study, Fe and N co-doped TiO₂ nanoparticles have been obtained via the hydrothermal route, at moderate temperature, followed by short thermal annealing at 400 °C. These particles were used to impregnate polyester (PES) materials which have been evaluated for their morphology, photocatalytic performance, antimicrobial activity against bacterial reference strains, and in vitro biocompatibility on human skin fibroblasts...
November 15, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335307/zinc-oxide-nanorods-decorated-graphene-nanoplatelets-a-promising-antimicrobial-agent-against-the-cariogenic-bacterium-streptococcus-mutans
#18
Elena Zanni, Chandrakanth Reddy Chandraiahgari, Giovanni De Bellis, Maria Rita Montereali, Giovanna Armiento, Paolo Ballirano, Antonella Polimeni, Maria Sabrina Sarto, Daniela Uccelletti
Nanomaterials are revolutionizing the field of medicine to improve the quality of life due to the myriad of applications stemming from their unique properties, including the antimicrobial activity against pathogens. In this study, the antimicrobial and antibiofilm properties of a novel nanomaterial composed by zinc oxide nanorods-decorated graphene nanoplatelets (ZNGs) are investigated. ZNGs were produced by hydrothermal method and characterized through field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques...
September 29, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335299/synthesis-of-sic-ag-cellulose-nanocomposite-and-its-antibacterial-activity-by-reactive-oxygen-species-generation
#19
Andrzej Borkowski, Tomasz Cłapa, Mateusz Szala, Arkadiusz Gąsiński, Marek Selwet
We describe the synthesis of nanocomposites, based on nanofibers of silicon carbide, silver nanoparticles, and cellulose. Silver nanoparticle synthesis was achieved with chemical reduction using hydrazine by adding two different surfactants to obtain a nanocomposite with silver nanoparticles of different diameters. Determination of antibacterial activity was based on respiration tests. Enzymatic analysis indicates oxidative stress, and viability testing was conducted using an epifluorescence microscope. Strong bactericidal activity of nanocomposites was found against bacteria Escherichia coli and Bacillus cereus, which were used in the study as typical Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, respectively...
September 13, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335258/nanostructures-derived-from-starch-and-chitosan-for-fluorescence-bio-imaging
#20
Yinxue Zu, Jingran Bi, Huiping Yan, Haitao Wang, Yukun Song, Bei-Wei Zhu, Mingqian Tan
Fluorescent nanostructures (NSs) derived from polysaccharides have drawn great attention as novel fluorescent probes for potential bio-imaging applications. Herein, we reported a facile alkali-assisted hydrothermal method to fabricate polysaccharide NSs using starch and chitosan as raw materials. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) demonstrated that the average particle sizes are 14 nm and 75 nm for starch and chitosan NSs, respectively. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy analysis showed that there are a large number of hydroxyl or amino groups on the surface of these polysaccharide-based NSs...
July 5, 2016: Nanomaterials
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