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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040977/gene-microarray-integrated-with-high-throughput-proteomics-for-the-discovery-of-transthyretin-in-rhabdomyolysis-induced-acute-kidney-injury
#1
Ou Li, Xiaodong Geng, Qian Ma, Weiwei Wang, Ran Liu, Zhong Yin, Siyang Wang, Guangyan Cai, Xiangmei Chen, Quan Hong
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Rhabdomyolysis, one of the leading causes of acute kidney injury (AKI), develops after trauma, drug toxicity, infections, burns, and physical exertion. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in gene and protein expression to elucidate the pathogenesis of rhabdomyolysis (RM)-induced AKI. METHODS: In this study, we used glycerol induced renal injury as a model of RM-induced AKI. Affymetrix U133 plus 2.0 microarrays were used to perform gene microarray analysis...
October 18, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040963/new-adhesive-system-based-in-metals-cross-linking-methacrylate
#2
Alexandra Rubin Cocco, Wellington Luiz de Oliveira da Rosa, Sônia Luque Peralta, Tamires Timm Maske, Adriana Fernandes da Silva, Carla Andrade Hartwig, Marcia Foster Mesko, Evandro Piva, Rafael Guerra Lund
This study evaluated the anti-antibiofilm potential of silver methacrylate (Ag) or di-n-butyldimethacrylatetin (Sn) in experimental adhesive systems. Ag and Sn methacrylates were incorporated at 0.5mol%, 1mol% and 2mol% in an adhesive resin. The anti-antibiofilm potential, degree of conversion (DC), microtensile bond strength (μTBS), water sorption/solubility (WSR/SL), bonded interfaces pattern (SEM), cytotoxicity and leaching of Ag and Sn ions were evaluated. Data were statistically analyzed considering α = 0...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040962/interactions-between-rgo-tnt-nanocomposites-and-cells-regulation-of-cell-morphology-uptake-cytotoxicity-adhesion-and-migration
#3
Xiaopeng Su, Lifeng Yang, Cailian Huang, Qinli Hu, Xinyi Shan, Junmin Wan, Zhiwen Hu, Bing Wang
Reduced graphene oxide/titanium dioxide nanotube (rGO/TNT) composites have superior properties, such as a large surface area, extraordinary mechanical strength, high carrier mobility, etc. However, the biosafety and biocompatibility of these composites, such as their influences on cell viability and cell functions, which are of paramount importance, are still not fully addressed. In this study, rGO/TNT nanocomposites were successfully synthesized through a modified hydrothermal treatment method. Then, the interactions between the rGO/TNT nanocomposites and Raw264...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040866/carbon-dependent-alleviation-of-ammonia-toxicity-for-algae-cultivation-and-associated-mechanisms-exploration
#4
Qian Lu, Paul Chen, Min Addy, Renchuan Zhang, Xiangyuan Deng, Yiwei Ma, Yanling Cheng, Fida Hussain, Chi Chen, Yuhuan Liu, Roger Ruan
Ammonia toxicity in wastewater is one of the factors that limit the application of algae technology in wastewater treatment. This work explored the correlation between carbon sources and ammonia assimilation and applied a glucose-assisted nitrogen starvation method to alleviate ammonia toxicity. In this study, ammonia toxicity to Chlorella sp. was observed when NH3-N concentration reached 28.03mM in artificial wastewater. Addition of alpha-ketoglutarate in wastewater promoted ammonia assimilation, but low utilization efficiency and high cost of alpha-ketoglutarate limits its application in wastewater treatment...
September 28, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040859/the-fks-family-genes-cause-changes-in-cell-wall-morphology-resulted-in-regulation-of-anti-autolytic-ability-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#5
Jinjing Wang, Jiangchuan Mao, Ge Yang, Feiyun Zheng, Chengtuo Niu, Yongxian Li, Chunfeng Liu, Qi Li
The aim of this study was to discuss the functions of FKS family genes which encode β-1, 3-glucan synthase regarding the viability and autolysis of yeast strain. Loss of FKS1 gene severely influences the viability and anti-autolytic ability of yeast. Mutation of FKS1 and FKS2 genes led to cell reconstruction, resulting in a sharp shrinkage of cell volume and decreased stress resistance, viability, and anti-autolytic ability. Deletion of FKS3 gene did not clearly influence the synthesis of β-1, 3-glucan of yeast but increased the strain's stress resistance, viability, and anti-autolytic ability...
September 21, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040836/surface-modified-plga-nanoparticles-with-chitosan-for-oral-delivery-of-tolbutamide
#6
Yongli Shi, Jintao Xue, Liyun Jia, Qian Du, Jie Niu, Dongyang Zhang
The main purpose of present study was to develop novel chitosan-modified polylactic-co-glycolicacid nanoparticles (CS@PLGA NPs) for improving the bio-availability of tolbutamide (TOL). The TOL-loaded CS@PLGA NPs (TOL-CS@PLGA NPs) were fabricated with the solvent evaporation method. The cargo-free CS@PLGA NPs showed a diameter of 228.3±2.5nm monitored with a laser light particlesizer, and the transmission electron microscope (TEM) photographs revealed their "core-shell" structures. The Zeta potential of the original PLGA NPs and the cargo-free CS@PLGA NPs was measured to be -20...
October 12, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040832/biological-evaluation-of-surface-modified-magnetic-nanoparticles-as-a-platform-for-colon-cancer-cell-theranostics
#7
Maksym Moskvin, Michal Babič, Salette Reis, M Margarida Cruz, Liliana P Ferreira, Maria Deus Carvalho, Sofia A Costa Lima, Daniel Horák
Magnetic nanoparticles offer multiple possibilities for biomedical applications. Besides their physico-chemical properties, nanoparticle-cellular interactions are determinant for biological safety. In this work, magnetic nanoparticles were synthesized by one-shot precipitation or two-step reaction and coated with biocompatible polymers, such as poly(l-lysine) and poly(N,N-dimethylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid), and carbohydrates, like l-ascorbic acid, d-galactose, d-mannose, and sucrose. The resulting magnetic nanoparticles were characterized by dynamic light scattering, FT-Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, SQUID magnetometry, and Mössbauer spectroscopy...
October 12, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040830/combined-toxicity-of-prevalent-mycotoxins-studied-in-fish-cell-line-and-zebrafish-larvae-revealed-that-type-of-interactions-is-dose-dependent
#8
Hongyuan Zhou, Saji George, Caixia Li, Subramaniam Gurusamy, Xiulan Sun, Zhiyuan Gong, He Qian
While, Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN) are the most prevalent mycotoxins co-existing in grain products and animal feeds, little is known about their combinatorial toxicities on aquatic life-forms. We studied the individual and combined effects of these mycotoxins in a fish cell line (BF-2) and zebrafish larvae (wild-type and transgenic). The types of interactions in mycotoxins combinations on cell viability were determined by using Chou-Talalay model. Induction of oxidative stress pathway in mycotoxins-exposed BF-2 cells was assessed using high content screening (HCS)...
October 3, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040803/synthesis-and-characterization-of-fatty-acid-grafted-chitosan-polymer-and-their-nanomicelles-for-non-viral-gene-delivery-applications
#9
Divya Sharma, Jagdish Singh
The aim of this study was to synthesize and characterize fatty acid-grafted-chitosan (fatty acid-g-CS) polymer and their nanomicelles for using as carriers for gene delivery. CS was hydrophobically modified using saturated fatty acids of increasing fatty acyl chain length. Carbodiimide along with N-hydroxysuccinimide was used for coupling carboxyl group of fatty acids with amine groups of CS. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance and Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy were used to quantify fatty acyl substitution onto CS backbone...
October 17, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040791/roles-of-mmu_pir_003399-in-microcystin-leucine-arginine-mc-lr-induced-reproductive-toxicity-in-the-spermatogonial-cells-and-testis
#10
Ling Zhang, Xiannan Meng, Zou Xiang, Dongmei Li, Xiaodong Han
Our previous work has demonstrated that microcystin-leucine arginine (MC-LR) is a potent toxin for the reproductive system of male mice and it exerts cytotoxicity in spermatogonial cells, resulting in the constitutional and functional changes of the mouse testis. The present study was designed to investigate the functions of P-element-induced wimpy (piwi)-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) in MC-LR-induced reproductive toxicity in male mice. We observed an increase in the mmu_piR_003399 level in spermatogonial cells and mouse testicular tissues following treatment with MC-LR...
October 12, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040680/variable-levels-of-resistance-of-soybean-genotypes-on-the-performance-of-euschistus-heros-hemiptera-pentatomidae
#11
Efrain S Souza, Vinícius F Canassa, José P F Bentivenha, Edson L L Baldin, Caroline G Pierozzi, André L Lourenção, Luiz E R Pannuti
The Neotropical brown stink bug Euschistus heros (Fabr.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) is one of the major soybean pests in South America. This species is responsible for high levels of infestation, causes critical damage to seeds, it is associated with leaf retention on plants, and it is extremely difficult to manage. Host plant resistance is a notable technique to assist in reducing the stink bug population in soybean crops. The antibiosis resistance of soybean genotypes to E. heros was evaluated in laboratory...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040520/clinical-implications-of-mitochondrial-dna-quantification-on-pregnancy-outcomes-a-blinded-prospective-non-selection-study
#12
Elpida Fragouli, Caroline McCaffrey, Krithika Ravichandran, Katharina Spath, James A Grifo, Santiago Munné, Dagan Wells
STUDY QUESTION: Can quantification of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in trophectoderm (TE) biopsy samples provide information concerning the viability of a blastocyst, potentially enhancing embryo selection and improving IVF treatment outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: This study demonstrated that euploid blastocysts of good morphology, but with high mtDNA levels had a greatly reduced implantation potential. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Better methods of embryo selection leading to IVF outcome improvement are necessary, as the transfer of chromosomally normal embryos of high morphological grade cannot guarantee the establishment of an ongoing pregnancy...
September 23, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040498/genome-stability-of-bovine-in-vivo-conceived-cleavage-stage-embryos-is-higher-compared-to-invitro-produced-embryos
#13
Olga Tšuiko, Maaike Catteeuw, Masoud Zamani Esteki, Aspasia Destouni, Osvaldo Bogado Pascottini, Urban Besenfelder, Vitezslav Havlicek, Katrien Smits, Ants Kurg, Andres Salumets, Thomas D'Hooghe, Thierry Voet, Ann Van Soom, Joris Robert Vermeesch
STUDY QUESTION: Is the rate and nature of chromosome instability (CIN) similar between bovine in vivo-derived and in vitro-cultured cleavage-stage embryos? SUMMARY ANSWER: There is a major difference regarding chromosome stability of in vivo-derived and in vitro-cultured embryos, as CIN is significantly lower in in vivo-derived cleavage-stage embryos compared to in vitro-cultured embryos. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: CIN is common during in vitro embryogenesis and is associated with early embryonic loss in humans, but the stability of in vivo-conceived cleavage-stage embryos remains largely unknown...
September 23, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040392/%C3%AE-cypermethrin-and-its-metabolite-3-phenoxybenzoic-acid-exhibit-immunotoxicity-in-murine-macrophages
#14
Xia Wang, Bingnan He, Baida Kong, Lai Wei, Rong Wang, Chenqian Zhou, Yiyan Shao, Jiajia Lin, Yuanxiang Jin, Zhengwei Fu
β-Cypermethrin (β-CYP), one of most important pyrethroids, is widely used to control insects, and has been detected in organisms, including human. Pyrethroids have been shown to pose neurotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, endocrine disruption and reproductive risks in mammals. However, research in immunotoxicity of pyrethroids, especially their metabolites, is limited. A common metabolite of pyrethroids is 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) in mammals. Thus, in this study, we evaluated the immunotoxicity of β-CYP and 3-PBA in mouse macrophages, RAW 264...
October 11, 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040278/pg-metrics-a-chemometric-based-approach-for-classifying-bacterial-peptidoglycan-data-sets-and-uncovering-their-subjacent-chemical-variability
#15
Keshav Kumar, Akbar Espaillat, Felipe Cava
Bacteria cells are protected from osmotic and environmental stresses by an exoskeleton-like polymeric structure called peptidoglycan (PG) or murein sacculus. This structure is fundamental for bacteria's viability and thus, the mechanisms underlying cell wall assembly and how it is modulated serve as targets for many of our most successful antibiotics. Therefore, it is now more important than ever to understand the genetics and structural chemistry of the bacterial cell walls in order to find new and effective methods of blocking it for the treatment of disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040232/in-vitro-effect-of-vancomycin-on-the-viability-of-articular-chondrocytes
#16
K Aaron Shaw, Josef K Eichinger, Nischal Nadig, Stephen A Parada
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the in-vitro toxicity of vancomycin on articular cartilage. METHODS: Osteochondral samples extracted from fresh, juvenile porcine stifle (knee) joints were exposed to vancomycin-saline concentrations of 2, 5, and 10 mg/ml and compared to a saline and non-saline treated control. Comparison chondrocyte viability was assessed with histology examination of chondrocyte degeneration using the Mankin criteria and a live/dead staining using ethidium homodimer-2 and calcien acetoxymethylester (AM) stain and confocal laser scanning microscopy...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040016/centella-asiatica-fraction-3-suppresses-the-nuclear-factor-erythroid-2-related-factor-2-anti-oxidant-pathway-and-enhances-reactive-oxygen-species-mediated-cell-death-in-cancerous-lung-a549-cells
#17
Dhaneshree Bestinee Naidoo, Alisa Phulukdaree, Krishnan Anand, Vikash Sewram, Anil Amichund Chuturgoon
Centella asiatica is a tropical medicinal plant that is commonly used in traditional medicine. Medicinal properties of C. asiatica include anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer activity. We investigated the anti-oxidant and anti-proliferative/cytotoxic effects of a semi-purified fraction of C. asiatica ethanolic leaf extract (C3) in cancerous lung A549 cells. C3 was obtained by silica column fractionation and identified by using thin-layer chromatography and gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Cytotoxicity of C3 in A549 cells was evaluated (cell viability assay-WST-1; 24 h; [0...
October 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040000/methionine-induces-lat1-expression-in-dairy-cow-mammary-gland-by-activating-the-mtorc1-signaling-pathway
#18
Xiaoyu Duan, Ye Lin, He Lv, Yang Yang, Hongtao Jiao, Xiaoming Hou
Methionine is the limiting amino acid for milk protein synthesis in dairy cows. The effect of methionine availability on milk protein synthesis is dependent on its active transport into cells through amino acid transporters. L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1), which induces the transport of neutral amino acids, is highly expressed in lactating mammary gland. However, the effect of methionine on LAT1 expression and the mechanism governing this process in dairy cow mammary gland are poorly understood. In this study, we show that treatment of dairy cow mammary epithelial cells with increasing concentrations of methionine for 24 h resulted in increased expression of LAT1 and its associated protein 4F2 heavy chain (4F2hc)...
October 17, 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036788/knockdown-of-lncrna-ccat2-inhibits-endometrial-cancer-cells-growth-and-metastasis-via-sponging-mir-216b
#19
Pengmu Xie, Hongying Cao, Ying Li, Jianhua Wang, Zhumei Cui
OBJECTIVE: Colon cancer-associated transcript 2 (CCAT2), a novel lncRNA has been reported as an oncogene in several cancers. This study was aimed to explore whether CCAT2 also exerted oncogenic roles in endometrial cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of CCAT2 in 30 pairs of endometrial cancer and matched non-cancerous tissues were detected by qRT-PCR. Two endometrial cancer cell lines HEC-1-A and RL95-2 were used throughout this study. CCAT2 in cells was silenced by transfection with shRNA targeted CCAT2, then cell growth and metastasis were assessed by performing trypan blue staining, Transwell assay, and flow cytometry...
September 29, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036705/chalcogenozidovudine-derivatives-with-antitumor-activity-comparative-toxicities-in-cultured-human-mononuclear-cells
#20
Assis Ecker, Pauline Christ Ledur, Rafael S da Silva, Daniela Bitencourt Rosa Leal, Oscar E D Rodrigues, Daniel Ardisson-Araújo, Emily Pansera Waczuk, João Batista Teixeira da Rocha, Nilda Vargas Barbosa
Considering a novel series of zidovudine (AZT) derivatives encompassing selenoaryl moieties promising candidates as therapeutics, we examined the toxicities elicited by AZT and derivatives 5'-(4-Chlorophenylseleno)zidovudine (SZ1); 5'-(Phenylseleno)zidovudine (SZ2); and 5'-(4-Methylphenylseleno)zidovudine (SZ3) in healthy cells and in mice. Resting and stimulated cultured human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were treated with the compounds at concentrations ranging from 10 to 200 µM for 24 and/or 72 h...
July 28, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
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