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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790468/-polysaccharide-of-escherichia-coli-in-the-prevention-of-recurrent-urinary-tract-infection-an-evidence-based-review
#1
REVIEW
Manuel Tinoco, Mélody Santos, Conceição Reitor, Andreia Rodrigues, João Monteiro
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent urinary tract infection is frequent and it is related to morbidity, costs and growing antibiotic resistance. OM 8930 vaccine is composed by Escherichia coli polysaccharide and it is a possible prophylactic measure, but there is doubt as to its effectiveness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review in evidence-based medicine databases with rigorous bibliography selection. RESULTS: We found an effective decrease of recurrences in test groups...
March 29, 2018: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784553/postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Kate Morgan, Catherine Chojenta, Meredith Tavener, Angela Smith, Deb Loxton
PURPOSE: Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome is most commonly seen in women of child bearing age, however little is known about its effects in pregnancy. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted in March 2015 and updated in February 2018. Medline, Embase, PsychInfo, CINHAL, and the Cochrane Library were searched from database inception. The ClinicalTrials.gov site and bibliographies were searched. MeSH and Emtree headings and keywords included; Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome, Postural Tachycardia Syndrome, and were combined with pregnancy and pregnancy related subject headings and keywords...
May 9, 2018: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780720/uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-treatment-of-intra-operative-complications
#3
Vasilios Tentzeris, Kostas Papagiannopoulos
Background: The uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (U-VATS) approach is rapidly gaining attention. Still there is lack of gross engagement to this technique, even within the VATS surgeons. We believe that the uniportal approach needs the same attention as any newly introduced skill; it would be a great mistake to be considered as a simple variation of the standardised multi-portal VATS. Methods: We have evaluated personal and institutional experience, supported by international bibliography...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777604/-ethical-aspects-of-the-use-of-mirena-r-iud-in-the-treatment-of-heavy-menstrual-bleeding
#4
Miriam Turiel Miranda, Pau Agulles Simó
The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device known as Mirena IUD(r) (20mcg/24h) is nowadays considered among the leading resources in the treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding. Nonetheless, due to either its effect of prevention of conception and especially to the possibility that it may also have an anti-implantation effect, there is a founded concern on whether its therapeutic use may be ethically licit. This article engages in an exhaustive literature review in order to ascertain the mechanism of action of Mirena(r) IUD, in view of an ethical evaluation of its therapeutic use, keeping in mind those two unwanted effects...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776844/psychosocial-predictors-and-psychological-prevention-of-soccer-injuries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Maamer Slimani, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Hela Znazen, Armin Paravlic, Fairouz Azaiez, David Tod
OBJECTIVES: To examine (a) the relationships between the psychosocial risk factors and injury rates and (b) the effects of psychological-based prevention interventions on the injury risk of soccer players. DESIGN: Scholarly electronic databases (PubMed/MEDLINE, Google Scholar, Scopus) were searched on 1 January 2017, complemented by manual searches of bibliographies. SETTING: Systematic review and meta-analysis. PARTICIPANTS: We identified 13 eligible studies, including a total of 1149 injured soccer players aged between 14 and 36 years...
May 15, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771635/pathogenesis-based-treatments-in-primary-sjogren-s-syndrome-using-artificial-intelligence-and-advanced-machine-learning-techniques-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
Nathan Foulquier, Pascal Redou, Christophe Le Gal, Bénédicte Rouvière, Jacques-Olivier Pers, Alain Saraux
Big data analysis has become a common way to extract information from complex and large datasets among most scientific domains. This approach is now used to study large cohorts of patients in medicine. This work is a review of publications that have used artificial intelligence and advanced machine learning techniques to study physio pathogenesis-based treatments in pSS. A systematic literature review retrieved all articles reporting on the use of advanced statistical analysis applied to the study of systemic autoimmune diseases (SADs) over the last decade...
May 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763608/early-prognostic-factors-of-outcomes-in-monochorionic-twin-pregnancy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Fiona L Mackie, Matthew J Hall, R Katie Morris, Mark D Kilby
OBJECTIVE: Assess ability of first trimester pregnancy related factors (ultrasound measurements, maternal characteristics, biomarkers) to predict complications in monochorionic twin pregnancies DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, CINAHL, the Cochrane Central Registration of Controlled Trials and Research Registers, and Google Scholar, from inception to 12 May 2017. Grey literature and bibliographies of articles were checked. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies that reported ultrasound measurements, maternal characteristics, or potential biomarkers, measured in the first trimester in monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies, where the potential prognostic ability between the variable and twin-twin transfusion syndrome, growth restriction, or intrauterine fetal death could be assessed...
May 12, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762873/l-ornithine-l-aspartate-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-hepatic-encephalopathy-in-people-with-cirrhosis
#8
REVIEW
Ee Teng Goh, Caroline S Stokes, Sandeep S Sidhu, Hendrik Vilstrup, Lise Lotte Gluud, Marsha Y Morgan
BACKGROUND: Hepatic encephalopathy is a common complication of cirrhosis and has high associated morbidity and mortality. The condition is classified as overt if it is clinically apparent or minimal if only evident though psychometric testing. The exact pathogenesis of this syndrome is unknown although ammonia is thought to play a key role. L-ornithine L-aspartate has ammonia-lowering properties and may, therefore, benefit people with cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the beneficial and harmful effects of L-ornithine L-aspartate versus placebo, no intervention, or other active interventions in people with cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736104/evaluation-of-the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-waterlow-pressure-ulcer-risk-assessment-scale
#9
Charalambos Charalambous, Agoritsa Koulori, Aristidis Vasilopoulos, Zoe Roupa
Introduction: Prevention is the ideal strategy to tackle the problem of pressure ulcers. Pressure ulcer risk assessment scales are one of the most pivotal measures applied to tackle the problem, much criticisms has been developed regarding the validity and reliability of these scales. Objective: To investigate the validity and reliability of the Waterlow pressure ulcer risk assessment scale. Method: The methodology used is a narrative literature review, the bibliography was reviewed through Cinahl, Pubmed, EBSCO, Medline and Google scholar, 26 scientific articles where identified...
April 2018: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724676/a-pooled-analysis-of-treatment-and-prognosis-of-hepatic-angiosarcoma-in-adults
#10
De-Bang Li, Xiao-Ying Si, Tao Wan, Yan-Ming Zhou
BACKGROUND: Hepatic angiosarcoma is a rare malignant vascular tumor presenting unique treatment challenges. The aim of the present study was to determine the treatment and prognosis of this entity. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, Embase and Chinese Biomedical Literature database, to identify articles published from January 1980 to July 2017. Search terms were "hepatic angiosarcoma" and "liver angiosarcoma"...
April 23, 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722036/curcumin-in-turmeric-basic-and-clinical-evidence-for-a-potential-role-in-analgesia
#11
REVIEW
U J Eke-Okoro, R B Raffa, J V Pergolizzi, F Breve, R Taylor
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Current analgesic pharmacotherapy-opioids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetaminophen (paracetamol) and related drugs-is effective for acute pain, but their use is limited by adverse effects on the renal, hepatic, cardiovascular or gastrointestinal systems, or they have potential for abuse. Therefore, alternative options are desired. Compounds used in traditional medicine might offer such alternatives, but the evidence must be based on pharmacologic properties and on clinical trial data...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721242/abdominal-rectus-muscle-pyomyositis-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Tilemachos Fountoukis, Nikolaos Tsatsanidis, Maria Tilkeridou, Ioannis Konstantinou, Pantelis Fytas, Ioannis Skandalos
Pyomyositis is an uncommon primary bacterial infection of skeletal muscles, usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Predisposing factors for pyomyositis include immunodeficiency, trauma, injection drug use, concurrent infection and malnutrition. The diagnosis, staging of the disease and differential diagnosis are established by ultrasound, CT and MRI. Treatment involves surgical drainage and antibiotic therapy. We report a case of abdominal rectus muscle pyomyositis, which constitutes, as far as we know, the second reported in bibliography, while Prevotella disiens is firstly reported as causative agent...
March 29, 2018: Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718867/arsenic-trioxide-combined-with-transarterial-chemoembolization-for-unresectable-primary-hepatic-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Peng Song, Yang Hai, Wantong Ma, Longhe Zhao, Xin Wang, Qinjian Xie, Yang Li, Zhengrong Wu, Yingdong Li, Hongyu Li
BACKGROUND: Primary hepatic carcinoma (PHC) is the third commonest leading to cancer death around the world, and transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) has been proposed as the first-line therapeutic treatment for patients with unresectable PHC. This study aims to determine whether the combination of As2O3 and TACE is superior to alone TACE for achieving more clinical therapeutic efficacy, survival time, life quality and safety in patients with unresectable PHC. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted on the clinical controlled trials comparing therapeutic effects of As2O3 & TACE versus alone TACE for unresectable PHC through English databases (including PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library) and Chinese databases (including China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database, Wanfang Database, Weipu Database, and Chinese Biomedical Database)...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714147/epithelial-in-vitro-differentiation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#14
Alvaro Sierra-Sanchez, Alexandra Ordonez-Luque, Olga Espinosa-Ibanez, Antonio Ruiz-Garcia, Salvador Arias-Santiago
Mesenchymal stem cells or mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are non-hematopoietic stromal cells that reside in and have been isolated from a variety of adult or fetal tissues such as adipose tissue, bone marrow and umbilical cord Wharton's jelly, among others. Because they are a heterogeneous population, International Society for Cellular Therapy has established 3 minimum criteria to characterize MSCs in vitro: i) adherence to plastic, ii) differentiation potential (osteogenic, chondrogenic and adipogenic lineages) and iii) expression of specific surface antigens (CD73+, CD90+, CD105+, CD34-, CD45-, CD11b-, CD14-, CD19-, CD79a-, HLA-DR-)...
May 1, 2018: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713532/lifestyle-causes-of-male-infertility
#15
Damayanthi Durairajanayagam
Objective: To examine the potential effects of lifestyle factors on male reproductive health. Evidence of a global decline in human sperm quality over recent decades has been accumulating. Environmental, occupational, and modifiable lifestyle factors may contribute to this decline. This review focuses on key lifestyle factors that are associated with male infertility such as smoking cigarettes, alcohol intake, use of illicit drugs, obesity, psychological stress, advanced paternal age, dietary practices, and coffee consumption...
March 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710074/association-of-cannabis-with-cognitive-functioning-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
J Cobb Scott, Samantha T Slomiak, Jason D Jones, Adon F G Rosen, Tyler M Moore, Ruben C Gur
Importance: Substantial shifts in perception and policy regarding cannabis have recently occurred, with use of cannabis increasing while its perceived harm decreases. One possible risk of increased cannabis use is poorer cognitive functioning, especially in youth. Objective: To provide the first quantitative synthesis of the literature examining cannabis and cognitive functioning in adolescents and young adults (with a mean age of 26 years and younger). Data Sources: PubMed, PsycInfo, Academic Search Premier, Scopus, and bibliographies of relevant reviews were searched for peer-reviewed, English-language studies from the date the databases began through May 2017...
April 18, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708265/interventions-for-preventing-occupational-irritant-hand-dermatitis
#17
REVIEW
Andrea Bauer, Henriette Rönsch, Peter Elsner, Daan Dittmar, Cathy Bennett, Marie-Louise A Schuttelaar, Judit Lukács, Swen Malte John, Hywel C Williams
BACKGROUND: Occupational irritant hand dermatitis (OIHD) causes significant functional impairment, disruption of work, and discomfort in the working population. Different preventive measures such as protective gloves, barrier creams and moisturisers can be used, but it is not clear how effective these are. This is an update of a Cochrane review which was previously published in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of primary preventive interventions and strategies (physical and behavioural) for preventing OIHD in healthy people (who have no hand dermatitis) who work in occupations where the skin is at risk of damage due to contact with water, detergents, chemicals or other irritants, or from wearing gloves...
April 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708010/the-effects-of-spiritual-care-on-quality-of-life-and-spiritual-well-being-among-patients-with-terminal-illness-a-systematic-review
#18
Jingyi Chen, Yazhu Lin, Jie Yan, Yong Wu, Rong Hu
BACKGROUND: Terminal illness not only causes physical suffering but also spiritual distress. Spiritual care has been widely implemented by healthcare professionals to assist patients coping with spiritual distress. However, the effects of spiritual care need to be clear. AIM: To evaluate the effects of spiritual care on quality of life and spiritual well-being among patients with terminal illness. DESIGN: Systematic review according to the recommendations of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidance...
April 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706374/risk-of-gastrointestinal-cancers-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Akihiro Yamada, Yuga Komaki, Fukiko Komaki, Dejan Micic, Samantha Zullow, Atsushi Sakuraba
BACKGROUND: The management and life expectancy of patients with cystic fibrosis have improved substantially in the past three decades, which has resulted in an increased number of these patients being diagnosed with malignancies. Our aim was to assess the risk of gastrointestinal cancers in patients with cystic fibrosis. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched PubMed, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane databases with no language restrictions for studies published from inception of the databases to Aug 1, 2017, assessing the risk of gastrointestinal cancers in patients with cystic fibrosis...
April 26, 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706187/locally-advanced-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck-a-systematic-review-and-bayesian-network-meta-analysis-of-the-currently-available-treatment-options
#20
Oreste Iocca, Alessio Farcomeni, Arianna Di Rocco, Pasquale Di Maio, Paweł Golusinski, Simón Pardiñas López, Alfredo Savo, Raul Pellini, Giuseppe Spriano
BACKGROUND: There are still many unresolved questions in the management of locally advanced Head and Neck Cancer (HNC). Many chemotherapeutic drugs and radiotherapy fractionation schemes are available and not all have been evaluated in head-to-head clinical trials. This systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analysis aims to compare the available treatment strategies and chemotherapeutic options for locally advanced HNC. METHODS: We performed a search on bibliography databases, trials registries and meetings proceedings for published and unpublished randomized trials from January 1st 2000 to December 1st 2017...
May 2018: Oral Oncology
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