keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

bibliography

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937252/animal-models-in-the-research-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-development
#1
N Patelis, D Moris, D Schizas, C Damaskos, D Perrea, C Bakoyiannis, T Liakakos, S Georgopoulos
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a prevalent and potentially life threatening disease. Many animal models have been developed to simulate the natural history of the disease or test preclinical endovascular devices and surgical procedures. The aim of this review is to describe different methods of AAA induction in animal models and report on the effectiveness of the methods described in inducing an analogue of a human AAA. The PubMed database was searched for publications with titles containing the following terms "animal" or ''animal model(s)'' and keywords "research", ''aneurysm(s)'', "aorta", ''pancreatic elastase'', "Angiotensin", "AngII" "Calcium Chloride" or "CaCl(2)"...
September 22, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934777/effectiveness-of-thermal-annular-procedures-in-treating-discogenic-low-back-pain
#2
Standiford Helm Ii, Thomas T Simopoulos, Milan Stojanovic, Salahadin Abdi, Mohamed Ahamed El Terany
BACKGROUND: Discogenic low back is a distinct clinic entity characterized by pain arising from a damaged disc. The diagnosis is clouded by the controversy surrounding discography. The treatment options are limited, with unsatisfactory results from both conservative treatment and surgery. Multiple interventional therapies have been developed to treat discogenic pain, but most have not yet been validated by high quality studies.The best studied treatment for discogenic pain is the use of heat, which has been labeled as thermal intradiscal procedures (TIPs) by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928193/the-course-and-prognostic-factors-of-cognitive-status-after-central-nervous-system-trauma-a-systematic-review-protocol
#3
Tatyana Mollayeva, Nicole Pacheco, Andrea D'Souza, Angela Colantonio
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is among the most disabling injuries, resulting in a range of cognitive impairments. Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) often occurs in conjunction with TBI; the two are best considered together in the context of trauma to the central nervous system (CNS). Despite strong indications of cognitive dysfunction in CNS trauma, little is known about its natural history or relationship with other factors. The current protocol outlines a strategy for a systematic review of the current evidence examining CNS trauma as a prognostic factor of cognitive decline in the adult population...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919087/outcomes-of-restrictive-versus-liberal-transfusion-strategies-in-older-adults-from-nine-randomised-controlled-trials-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Geoff I Simon, Alison Craswell, Ogilvie Thom, Yoke Lin Fung
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for patient blood management recommend restrictive transfusion practice for most adult patients. These guidelines are supported by evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs); however, one of the patient groups not explicitly examined in these studies is the geriatric population. We examined RCTs relevant to transfusion outcomes in older patients. Our aim was to determine whether special guidelines are warranted for geriatric patients, recognising the different pathophysiological characteristics of this group...
September 11, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917436/comparison-of-the-loop-technique-with-incision-and-drainage-for-soft-tissue-abscesses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Michael Gottlieb, Gary D Peksa
INTRODUCTION: Skin and soft tissue infections are a common presentation to the emergency department. Traditional management of abscesses involves a linear incision through the center of the abscess with packing placed. The loop drainage technique (LDT) is an alternate approach that may reduce pain and scarring, as well as decrease the number of follow up visits needed. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to compare the efficacy of the LDT with conventional incision and drainage (CID) in the treatment of soft tissue abscesses...
September 10, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912620/hormonal-contraception-and-the-development-of-autoimmunity-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
William V Williams
Estrogens and progestins are known to have profound effects on the immune system and may modulate the susceptibility to autoimmune diseases. A comprehensive literature search was carried out using PubMed for any of 153 autoimmune disease terms and the terms contraception, contraceptive, or their chemical components with limits of Humans + Title or Abstract. Over 1,800 titles were returned and scanned, 352 papers retrieved and reviewed in depth and an additional 70 papers retrieved from the bibliographies. Based on this review, substantial evidence exists linking the use of combined oral contraceptives to a lower incidence of hyperthyroidism, an increase in multiple sclerosis, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, and interstitial cystitis...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905362/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-for-neuropathic-pain-in-adults
#7
REVIEW
William Gibson, Benedict M Wand, Neil E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain, which is due to nerve disease or damage, represents a significant burden on people and society. It can be particularly unpleasant and achieving adequate symptom control can be difficult. Non-pharmacological methods of treatment are often employed by people with neuropathic pain and may include transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS). This review supersedes one Cochrane Review 'Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for chronic pain' (Nnoaham 2014) and one withdrawn protocol 'Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for neuropathic pain in adults' (Claydon 2014)...
September 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904138/a-restatement-of-the-natural-science-evidence-base-concerning-the-health-effects-of-low-level-ionizing-radiation
#8
REVIEW
Angela R McLean, Ella K Adlen, Elisabeth Cardis, Alex Elliott, Dudley T Goodhead, Mats Harms-Ringdahl, Jolyon H Hendry, Peter Hoskin, Penny A Jeggo, David J C Mackay, Colin R Muirhead, John Shepherd, Roy E Shore, Geraldine A Thomas, Richard Wakeford, H Charles J Godfray
Exposure to ionizing radiation is ubiquitous, and it is well established that moderate and high doses cause ill-health and can be lethal. The health effects of low doses or low dose-rates of ionizing radiation are not so clear. This paper describes a project which sets out to summarize, as a restatement, the natural science evidence base concerning the human health effects of exposure to low-level ionizing radiation. A novel feature, compared to other reviews, is that a series of statements are listed and categorized according to the nature and strength of the evidence that underpins them...
September 13, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901565/review-article-next-generation-transformative-advances-in-the-pathogenesis-and-management-of-autoimmune-hepatitis
#9
REVIEW
A J Czaja
BACKGROUND: Advances in autoimmune hepatitis that transform current concepts of pathogenesis and management can be anticipated as products of ongoing investigations driven by unmet clinical needs and an evolving biotechnology. AIM: To describe the advances that are likely to become transformative in autoimmune hepatitis, based on the direction of current investigations. METHODS: Pertinent abstracts were identified in PubMed by multiple search terms...
September 13, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895690/instrument-to-assess-educational-programs-for-parents-of-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#10
Paola Pino Armijo, Muriel Ramírez León, Cristian Clavería Rodríguez
OBJETIVE: To design and validate an instrument to assess the relevance of educational programs for parents of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) undergoing cardiac surgery. MATERIAL AND METHOD: In October 2011, an instrument was designed based on Kaufman's model and on the bibliography, and a survey was developed in the form of a checklist with 32 close-ended questions about received education and desired education, categorized into 5 items: educator, time, place, means, and content...
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895658/laparoscopic-and-robotic-assisted-versus-open-radical-prostatectomy-for-the-treatment-of-localised-prostate-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Dragan Ilic, Sue M Evans, Christie Ann Allan, Jae Hung Jung, Declan Murphy, Mark Frydenberg
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is commonly diagnosed in men worldwide. Surgery, in the form of radical prostatectomy, is one of the main forms of treatment for men with localised prostate cancer. Prostatectomy has traditionally been performed as open surgery, typically via a retropubic approach. The advent of laparoscopic approaches, including robotic-assisted, provides a minimally invasive alternative to open radical prostatectomy (ORP). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy or robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy compared to open radical prostatectomy in men with localised prostate cancer...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891898/vascular-anomalies-of-posterior-fossa-and-their-implications
#12
Rajani Singh, Raj Kumar, Arushi Kumar
Posterior fossa houses very vital and sensitive structures namely midbrain, pons, medulla, and cerebellum. These structures are irrigated by vertebral, posterior inferior cerebellar, anterior inferior cerebellar, and superior cerebellar arteries. Parts of brain located in posterior fossa control important parts of body so any variation pertaining to stenosis, atresia, hypoplasia, fenestration, agenesis, and duplication in the arteries supplying these parts alter the irrigation pattern culminating into various morbid and mortal neurologic disorders...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890179/maternal-colonization-or-infection-with-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Andre N H Bulabula, Angela Dramowski, Shaheen Mehtar
OBJECTIVES: To summarize published studies on the prevalence of and risk factors for maternal bacterial colonization and/or infection with extended-spectrum-beta-lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) in pregnant and/or post-partum women in Africa. DESIGN OR METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar. Bibliographies of included eligible studies were manually searched to identify additional relevant articles. No language restriction was applied, for the timeframe, we searched from the electronic databases' inception to July 15th, 2017...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887203/clinical-relevance-of-metronidazole-and-peripheral-neuropathy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Tiffany A Goolsby, Bernadette Jakeman, Robert P Gaynes
The objective of this paper was to review and evaluate the literature on metronidazole-associated peripheral neuropathy and determine the relevance in clinical practice. MEDLINE/PubMed, EBSCO, and Google Scholar were searched through February 2017 using the search terms metronidazole and peripheral neuropathy, or polyneuropathy, or paresthesia, or neurotoxicity. Relevant case reports, retrospective studies, surveys, and review articles were included. Bibliographies of all relevant articles were reviewed for additional sources...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883781/bosnian-franciscans-and-the-monasteries-in-kresevo-and-fojnica-as-source-of-scientific-bibliography
#15
Armin Skrbo, Izet Masic, Selma Skrbo, Elma Ramakic, Lejla Zunic
All of these centuries-old records contain enormous treasures, and the modern medicine is increasingly searching for the sources of natural remedies. The Franciscans should be credited for carefully collecting the methods folk treatment and passed them on to future generations. In the words of Br. Marko Karamatić: "The fact that the Friars were engaged in healthcare, that they became the first graduate doctors in Bosnia and Herzegovina, that they wrote" herbal manuals " and other medical records, is the result of historical opportunities in these areas, and this activity became one of the most important tasks for the Franciscans...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883689/lateral-column-lengthening-for-adolescent-idiopathic-pes-planovalgus-deformity-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Sanjay Kumar, S V Sonanis
Pes planovalgus is the commonest foot deformity in children and presents with wide range of severity and symptoms. Surgery is mostly indicated for significant malalignment, resistant to non-surgical management. Lateral column lengthening is considered an appealing option as does not involve arthrodesis and allows for further growth and foot development. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review on lateral column lengthening for pes planovalgus deformity in line with PRISMA-P Checklist...
December 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875314/a-systematic-literature-review-of-economic-evaluations-of-antibiotic-treatments-for-clostridium-difficile-infection
#17
REVIEW
Hannah E Burton, Stephen A Mitchell, Maureen Watt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is associated with high management costs, particularly in recurrent cases. Fidaxomicin treatment results in lower recurrence rates than vancomycin and metronidazole, but has higher acquisition costs in Europe and the USA. This systematic literature review summarises economic evaluations (EEs) of fidaxomicin, vancomycin and metronidazole for treatment of CDI. METHODS: Electronic databases (MEDLINE(®), Embase, Cochrane Library) and conference proceedings (ISPOR, ECCMID, ICAAC and IDWeek) were searched for publications reporting EEs of fidaxomicin, vancomycin and/or metronidazole in the treatment of CDI...
September 5, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874327/collagenase-clostridium-histolyticum-in-the-treatment-of-peyronie-s-disease-a-review-of-the-literature-and-a-new-modified-protocol
#18
REVIEW
Amr Abdel Raheem, Mark Johnson, Tarek Abdel-Raheem, Marco Capece, David Ralph
INTRODUCTION: Peyronie's disease (PD) is a common condition that results in penile deformity, which makes sexual intercourse difficult or impossible, and causes psychological, emotional, and relationship difficulties for the man affected and his partner. Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH; Xiapex, Xiaflex) is the first licensed non-surgical treatment option for PD. The safety and efficacy have been demonstrated in two large phase III randomized controlled trials (IMPRESS I and IMPRESS II)...
September 2, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864053/diaphragm-and-lung-ultrasound-to-predict-weaning-outcome-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Ana M Llamas-Álvarez, Eva M Tenza-Lozano, Jaime Latour-Pérez
BACKGROUND: Deciding the optimal timing for extubation in mechanically ventilated patients can be challenging, and traditional weaning predictor tools are not very accurate. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to assess the accuracy of lung and diaphragm ultrasound for predicting weaning outcomes in critically ill adults. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, LILACS, Teseo, Tesis Doctorales en Red, and OpenGrey, and we reviewed the bibliographies of relevant studies...
August 29, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863339/treatments-of-asbestos-containing-wastes
#20
REVIEW
D Spasiano, F Pirozzi
Since the second half of the twentieth century, many studies have indicated inhalation of asbestos fibers as the main cause of deadly diseases including fibrosis and cancer. Consequently, since the beginning of the 80s, many countries started banning production and use of asbestos containing products (ACP), although still present in private and public buildings. Due to some extraordinary catastrophic events and/or the aging of these products, people's health and environmental risk associated with the inhalation of asbestos fibers keeps being high even in those countries where it was banned...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
keyword
keyword
60050
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"