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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524930/nutrition-support-in-hospitalised-adults-at-nutritional-risk
#1
REVIEW
Joshua Feinberg, Emil Eik Nielsen, Steven Kwasi Korang, Kirstine Halberg Engell, Marie Skøtt Nielsen, Kang Zhang, Maria Didriksen, Lisbeth Lund, Niklas Lindahl, Sara Hallum, Ning Liang, Wenjing Xiong, Xuemei Yang, Pernille Brunsgaard, Alexandre Garioud, Sanam Safi, Jane Lindschou, Jens Kondrup, Christian Gluud, Janus C Jakobsen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of disease-related malnutrition in Western European hospitals is estimated to be about 30%. There is no consensus whether poor nutritional status causes poorer clinical outcome or if it is merely associated with it. The intention with all forms of nutrition support is to increase uptake of essential nutrients and improve clinical outcome. Previous reviews have shown conflicting results with regard to the effects of nutrition support. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of nutrition support versus no intervention, treatment as usual, or placebo in hospitalised adults at nutritional risk...
May 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521067/antiepileptic-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-infants-with-severe-myoclonic-epilepsy
#2
REVIEW
Francesco Brigo, Stanley C Igwe, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in 2015, Issue 10.Severe myoclonic epilepsy in infants (SMEI), also known as Dravet syndrome, is a rare, refractory form of epilepsy, for which stiripentol (STP) has been recently licensed as add-on therapy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of STP and other antiepileptic drug treatments (including ketogenic diet) for patients with SMEI. SEARCH METHODS: For the latest update we searched the Cochrane Epilepsy Group Specialized Register (20 December 2016), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) via the Cochrane Register of Studies Online (CRSO, 20 December 2016), MEDLINE (Ovid, 1946 to 20 December 2016) and ClinicalTrials...
May 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508234/surgical-treatment-of-extraesophageal-manifestations-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#3
REVIEW
Feroze Sidwa, Alessandra L Moore, Elaine Alligood, P Marco Fisichella
OBJECTIVE: To review the current literature on the role of antireflux surgery (ARS) for the treatment of extraesophageal manifestations of GERD. The extraesophageal manifestations of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) include chronic cough, laryngopharyngeal reflux, and asthma. They are responsible for significant morbidity in affected patients and a high economic burden on healthcare resources. We recently published a larger review on the symptoms, diagnosis, medical, and surgical treatment of the extraesophageal manifestations of GERD...
May 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494889/influence-of-the-perioperative-administration-of-magnesium-sulfate-on-the-total-dose-of-anesthetics-during-general-anesthesia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Laura Rodríguez-Rubio, Eduardo Nava, Julián Solís García Del Pozo, Joaquín Jordán
BACKGROUND: Magnesium sulfate displays numerous characteristics that make it a useful drug in anesthesiology (N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonist, vasodilator, antiarrhythmic, inhibitor of catecholamine release and of acetylcholine in the terminal motor plate). The perioperative use of this drug as an adjuvant capable of decreasing the required dose of anesthetics, has been proposed. OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of intravenous magnesium sulfate administration during general anesthesia on the overall dose of required anesthetics...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490476/socioeconomic-status-in-childhood-and-c-reactive-protein-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Richard S Liu, Allison E Aiello, Fiona K Mensah, Constantine E Gasser, Kuna Rueb, Billie Cordell, Markus Juonala, Melissa Wake, David P Burgner
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a central role in cardiometabolic disease and may represent a mechanism linking low socioeconomic status (SES) in early life and adverse cardiometabolic health outcomes in later life. Accumulating evidence suggests an association between childhood SES and adult inflammation, but findings have been inconsistent. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies to quantify the association between childhood (age <18 years) SES and the inflammatory marker C reactive protein (CRP) in adulthood...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489778/pancreatoduodenectomy-pd-and-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula-popf-a-systematic-review-and-analysis-of-the-popf-related-mortality-rate-in-60-739-patients-retrieved-from-the-english-literature-published-between-1990-and-2015
#6
Sergio Pedrazzoli
BACKGROUND: Pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) is one of the most technically demanding operations challenging surgeons, and a postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) can complicate an otherwise uneventful postoperative (PO) course. This review examined the methods and procedures used to prevent postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: A comprehensive systematic search of the literature was performed using PubMed (Medline), Embase, Web of science, and the Cochrane databases for studies published between January 1, 1990 and December 31, 2015...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485121/prophylaxis-of-migraine-headaches-with-riboflavin-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
D F Thompson, H S Saluja
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Migraine headache is a relatively common, debilitating condition that costs our healthcare system over 78 billion dollars per year. Riboflavin has been advocated as a safe, effective prophylactic therapy for the prevention of migraines. The purpose of this study was to provide a systematic review of the current role of riboflavin in the prophylaxis of migraine headache. METHODS: A MEDLINE literature search inclusive of the dates 1966-2016 was performed using the search terms: riboflavin and migraine disorders...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484816/paraesophageal-hernia-and-reflux-prevention-is-one-fundoplication-better-than-the-other
#8
REVIEW
Ciro Andolfi, Alejandro Plana, Sara Furno, Marco P Fisichella
BACKGROUND: The management of paraesophageal hernia (PEH) is one of the most debated in surgery. Trends regarding indications, approach (open, laparoscopic, thoracoscopic), sac excision, mesh placement, and routine performance of fundoplication have changed over time. Today, most surgeons tend to perform a laparoscopic PEH repair that entails the excision of the sac, liberal use of a mesh to buttress the hiatus, and the addition of an anti-reflux procedure. Nevertheless, very little has been written on which type of fundoplication should be performed in these patients...
May 8, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477287/the-current-understanding-of-trauma-induced-coagulopathy-tic-a-focused-review-on-pathophysiology
#9
REVIEW
Stefano Giordano, Luca Spiezia, Elena Campello, Paolo Simioni
The emergency management of acute severe bleeding in trauma patients has changed significantly in recent years. In particular, greater attention is now being devoted to a prompt assessment of coagulation alterations, which allows for immediate haemostatic resuscitation procedures when necessary. The importance of an early trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) diagnosis has led physicians to increase the efforts to better understand the pathophysiological alterations observed in the haemostatic system after traumatic injuries...
May 5, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465827/does-level-of-motivation-for-change-impact-post-treatment-outcomes-in-the-eating-disorders-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-with-quantitative-analysis
#10
Jeanne Sansfaçon, Howard Steiger, Lise Gauvin, Émilie Fletcher, Mimi Israël
BACKGROUND: Eating Disorders are highly prevalent and widespread mental health problems, with marked risk of chronicity and refractoriness to treatment. Affected individuals are hesitant to change their behaviours and therefore struggle to maintain motivation for therapy. This review aims to produce the first high-quality meta-analysis of the literature on the impact of level of motivation for change on post-treatment outcomes in anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder, and other specified feeding or eating disorder (OSFED)...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464767/heterogeneity-of-type-1-diabetes-the-effect-of-ethnicity
#11
Mustafa Tosur, Maria Jose Redondo
BACKGROUND: Most of the current understanding of type 1 diabetes (T1D) etiology and pathogenesis stemmed from studies conducted in majoritarily Non-Hispanic White (NHW) populations. However, evidence is emerging that unique mechanisms of disease may contribute to the development of T1D in individuals of Hispanic ethnicity. OBJECTIVE: We reviewed the currently available literature on genetic, immunologic, metabolic and clinical characteristics of T1D in Hispanic as compared with NHW individuals...
May 1, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453714/evaluating-the-effect-of-integrated-microfinance-and-health-interventions-an-updated-review-of-the-evidence
#12
Lara M J Lorenzetti, Sheila Leatherman, Valerie L Flax
Background: Solutions delivered within firm sectoral boundaries are inadequate in achieving income security and better health for poor populations. Integrated microfinance and health interventions leverage networks of women to promote financial inclusion, build livelihoods, and safeguard against high cost illnesses. Our understanding of the effect of integrated interventions has been limited by variability in intervention, outcome, design, and methodological rigour. This systematic review synthesises the literature through 2015 to understand the effect of integrated microfinance and health programs...
June 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448764/mechanistic-insights-into-osteoporosis-in-patients-with-lipodystrophy-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Lanhui Huang, Hong Shi, Xinli Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the underlying pathogenesis of osteoporosis occurring in patients with lipodystrophy. METHODS: MEDLINE was searched using the following key terms: lipodystrophy, osteoporosis and reduced bone mineral density. Additional studies were obtained from the bibliographies of reports and reviews above by manual search. RESULTS: Lipodystrophy is a very rare disease characterized by pathologic alterations in the distribution of adipose tissues in association with a diverse range of metabolic derangements such as hypertriglyceridemia, insulin resistance, diabetes and abnormal bone formation...
April 27, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447363/tobacco-packaging-design-for-reducing-tobacco-use
#14
REVIEW
Ann McNeill, Shannon Gravely, Sara C Hitchman, Linda Bauld, David Hammond, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the largest single preventable cause of death and disease worldwide. Standardised tobacco packaging is an intervention intended to reduce the promotional appeal of packs and can be defined as packaging with a uniform colour (and in some cases shape and size) with no logos or branding, apart from health warnings and other government-mandated information, and the brand name in a prescribed uniform font, colour and size. Australia was the first country to implement standardised tobacco packaging between October and December 2012, France implemented standardised tobacco packaging on 1 January 2017 and several other countries are implementing, or intending to implement, standardised tobacco packaging...
April 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447333/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-lithium-in-treating-acute-mania-in-youth-with-bipolar-disorder-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#15
A Duffy, S Patten, S Goodday, A Weir, N Heffer, A Cipriani
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological, clinical, and high-risk studies have provided evidence that the peak period for onset of diagnosable episodes of mania and hypomania starts in mid-to-late adolescence. Moreover, clinically significant manic symptoms may occur even earlier, especially in children at familial risk. Lithium is the gold standard treatment for acute mania in adults, yet to our knowledge, there is no published systematic review assessing lithium treatment of mania in children or adolescents...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441253/the-impact-of-an-international-network-gynecologic-cancer-intergroup-for-clinical-research-on-global-capacity-for-gynecologic-cancer-clinical-trials
#16
Gavin C E Stuart, Henry C Kitchener, Jan B Vermorken, Michael J Quinn, William Small, Eric Pujade-Lauraine, Hansen Chou, Michelle Wong, Monica Bacon
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to demonstrate that the construction of the Gynecologic Cancer InterGroup (GCIG) has increased collaboration and accrual to high-quality phase 3 trials at a global level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The GCIG is a collaboration of 29 international cooperative clinical trial groups committed to conduct of high-quality phase 3 trials among women with gynecologic cancer. A complete bibliography of the reported phase 3 trials has been developed and is available on the GCIG Web site http://www...
May 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441237/noninvasive-ventilation-in-acute-hypoxemic-nonhypercapnic-respiratory-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Xiu-Ping Xu, Xin-Chang Zhang, Shu-Ling Hu, Jing-Yuan Xu, Jian-Feng Xie, Song-Qiao Liu, Ling Liu, Ying-Zi Huang, Feng-Mei Guo, Yi Yang, Hai-Bo Qiu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of noninvasive ventilation in patients with acute hypoxemic nonhypercapnic respiratory failure unrelated to exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cardiogenic pulmonary edema. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, Web of Science, and bibliographies of articles were retrieved inception until June 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials comparing application of noninvasive ventilation with standard oxygen therapy in adults with acute hypoxemic nonhypercapnic respiratory failure were included...
April 22, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434462/the-effects-of-tai-chi-on-physical-and-psychosocial-function-among-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Emily Taylor, Ruth E Taylor-Piliae
OBJECTIVES: Conduct a systematic review to evaluate the effects of Tai Chi on physical and psychosocial function among individuals with Multiple Sclerosis. METHODS: An electronic literature search of 12 databases using controlled vocabulary function and keywords from inception through August 2016. All Tai Chi intervention studies assessing physical and psychosocial function among persons with Multiple Sclerosis were included. Study quality was scored using an established tool examining 16 study elements (range=0-32)...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434260/dapsone-associated-fixed-drug-eruption
#19
Daniel Garcia, Philip R Cohen
Dapsone is a sulfone drug used to treat infectious conditions and also numerous dermatologic diseases. Fixed drug eruption is a distinctive adverse cutaneous reaction associated with the initial administration and subsequent delivery of a specific agent. Areas covered: The authors preformed a literature search using the following keywords: dapsone, fixed drug eruption, and adverse cutaneous drug reaction. Bibliographies were also reviewed for pertinent articles. The results were combed for relevant papers and reviewed...
April 28, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433640/partial-gland-treatment-of-prostate-cancer-utilizing-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-in-the-primary-and-salvage-setting-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Ron Golan, Adrien N Bernstein, Timothy D McClure, Art Sedrakyan, Neal A Patel, Dipen J Parekh, Leonard S Marks, Jim C Hu
PURPOSE: Advances in prostate imaging, biopsy and ablative technologies have been accompanied by growing enthusiasm for partial gland ablation, particularly using high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) for treating prostate cancer. The preservation of non-cancerous prostate tissue and minimizing damage to the neurovascular bundles and external urethral sphincter may improve functional outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was performed following the PRISMA guidelines using a combination of MeSH terms, free-text search, and review of relevant bibliographies using Medline and Embase from the inception of each database through October 10, 2016...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Urology
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