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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331217/the-cost-of-perioperative-complications-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Jason Wang, Ronald Ma, Leonid Churilov, Paul Eleftheriou, Mehrdad Nikfarjam, Christopher Christophi, Laurence Weinberg
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), also known as a Whipple procedure, is commonly performed for a variety of benign and malignant tumours, including of the pancreatic head and surrounding structures. PD is associated with low mortality but high morbidity and costs. Our objective was to describe the financial burden of complications following pancreaticoduodenectomy. METHODS: We searched for articles using the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane and EconLit databases from the year 2000...
December 19, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327507/rapid-characterization-of-chlorogenic-acids-in-duhaldea-nervosa-based-on-uhplc-ltq-orbitrap-ms-and-mass-spectral-trees-similarity-filter-technique
#2
Lianghong Liu, Jiayu Zhang, Binjie Zheng, Ying Guan, Liting Wang, Lei Chen, Wei Cai
Duhaldea nervosa (Wallich ex Candolle) A. Anderberg (D. nervosa) has been traditionally used as a food spice and also in folk medicine for treating traumatic injury and relieving rheumatism, especially, accelerating the healing of a fracture. However, so far as we are aware, the chemical constituents have not been fully investigated. In this study, a practical method of mass spectral trees similarity filter, a data-mining technique, was developed and evaluated for the rapid detection and identification complicated constituents based on UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324071/effect-of-task-load-interventions-on-fatigue-in-emergency-medical-services-personnel-and-other-shift-workers-a-systematic-review
#3
Jonathan R Studnek, Allison E Infinger, Megan L Renn, Patricia M Weiss, Joseph P Condle, Katharyn L Flickinger, Andrew J Kroemer, Brett R Curtis, Xiaoshuang Xun, Ayushi A Divecha, Patrick J Coppler, Zhadyra Bizhanova, Denisse J Sequeira, Eddy Lang, J Stephen Higgins, P Daniel Patterson
BACKGROUND: Modifying the task load of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel may mitigate fatigue, sleep quality and fatigue related risks. A review of the literature addressing task load interventions may benefit EMS administrators as they craft policies related to mitigating fatigue. We conducted a systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature to address the following question: "In EMS personnel, do task load interventions mitigate fatigue, mitigate fatigue-related risks, and/or improve sleep?" (PROSPERO 2016:CRD42016040114)...
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320831/-efficacy-and-safety-of-anti-interleukin-5-therapy-in-patients-with-asthma-systematic-reviews
#4
Y L Gu, J Pang, J F Song, C Cheng, Z X Sun
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of anti-Interleukin-5 therapy in patients with asthma. Methods: Data were collected from PubMed, E-Mbase, Springer, Ovid, Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov, CNKI and Wanfang database (-Feb 2017). Bibliographies of the retrieved articles were checked and analyzed. Results: Twenty publications involving a total of 6 406 patients were used in the analysis, including 23 randomly controlled trials (RCTs) which compared anti-interleukin 5 monoclonal antibody with placebo...
November 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306894/income-and-obesity-what-is-the-direction-of-the-relationship-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Tae Jun Kim, Olaf von dem Knesebeck
OBJECTIVE: It was repeatedly shown that lower income is associated with higher risks for subsequent obesity. However, the perspective of a potential reverse causality is often neglected, in which obesity is considered a cause for lower income, when obese people drift into lower-income jobs due to labour-market discrimination and public stigmatisation. This review was performed to explore the direction of the relation between income and obesity by specifically assessing the importance of social causation and reverse causality...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306531/the-post-endodontic-adhesive-interface-theoretical-perspectives-and-potential-flaws
#6
REVIEW
Georgios Maroulakos, Jianing He, William W Nagy
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this review was to analyze the potential of successful bonds of endodontic posts to radicular dentin as well as the limitations of the post-endodontic adhesive interface. METHODS: The MEDLINE/PubMed and Web of Science electronic databases were searched. The search was augmented by a manual search of the pertinent bibliographies. RESULTS: The post-endodontic adhesive interface finds application in the endodontic cohesive units...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306308/use-of-plasma-exchange-as-therapeutic-tool-in-clinical-practice
#7
Isabel Laura Campano-Pérez, Rosario Olivera-Fernández, Lara González-Freire, Carlos Crespo-Diz
OBJECTIVE: To descrive the use of therapeutic plasma exchange in several pathologies and its adjustment to international reference guides. METHOD: Observational, descriptive, retrospective study, of all the patients that  received plasmapheresis between January 2014-December 2015. We analized  the appropriate indication according to the bibliography consulted, and the  therapeutic outcome. Indication, replaced volume of plasma, number of sessions  and periodicity were established by the Hematology Service depending  on the disease and its clinical course...
January 1, 2018: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305150/encephalitis-diagnosis-using-metagenomics-application-of-next-generation-sequencing-for-undiagnosed-cases
#8
REVIEW
Julianne R Brown, Tehmina Bharucha, Judith Breuer
BACKGROUND: Current estimates suggest that even in the most resourced settings, the aetiology of encephalitis is identified in less than half of clinical cases. It is acknowledged that filling this gap needs a combination of rigorous sampling and improved diagnostic technologies. Next generation sequencing (NGS) methods are powerful tools with the potential for comprehensive and unbiased detection of pathogens in clinical samples. We reviewed the use of this new technology for the diagnosis of suspected infectious encephalitis, and discuss the feasibility for introduction of NGS methods as a frontline diagnostic test...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300282/meta-analysis-of-surgeon-performed-central-line-placement-real-time-ultrasound-vs-landmark-technique
#9
Lori A Gurien, Martin L Blakely, Marie C Crandall, Cameron Schlegel, Mallikarjuna R Rettiganti, Marie E Saylors, Daniel J France, Shilo Anders, Sheila L Thomas, Melvin S Dassinger
BACKGROUND: Major health care agencies recommend real-time ultrasound (RTUS) guidance during insertion of percutaneous central venous catheters (CVC) based on studies in which CVCs were placed by non-surgeons. We conducted a meta-analysis to compare outcomes for surgeon-performed RTUS-guided CVC insertion versus traditional landmark technique. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed identifying randomized controlled trials (RCT) and prospective "safety studies" of surgeon-performed CVC insertions comparing landmark to RTUS techniques...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287641/american-association-of-orthodontists-foundation-craniofacial-growth-legacy-collection-in-the-orthodontic-literature-use-and-trends-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Thikriat Al-Jewair, Elizabeth Stellrecht, Lauren Lewandowski, Rania Chakaki
INTRODUCTION: The American Association of Orthodontists Foundation (AAOF) Craniofacial Growth Legacy Collection is a digital repository of records from 9 craniofacial growth study collections in the United States and Canada. The purposes of this article were to describe the use of materials from the AAOF Craniofacial Growth Legacy Collection in the orthodontic literature in comparative and follow-up studies, and to analyze trends before and after the project's launch in 2009. METHODS: An electronic search without date or language restriction was conducted in the following databases: PubMed, Embase, Evidence-Based Medicine Reviews, and CINAHL...
January 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284458/menthol-cigarettes-and-the-public-health-standard-a-systematic-review
#11
Andrea C Villanti, Lauren K Collins, Raymond S Niaura, Stacey Y Gagosian, David B Abrams
BACKGROUND: Although menthol was not banned under the Tobacco Control Act, the law made it clear that this did not prevent the Food and Drug Administration from issuing a product standard to ban menthol to protect public health. The purpose of this review was to update the evidence synthesis regarding the role of menthol in initiation, dependence and cessation. METHODS: A systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature on menthol cigarettes via a PubMed search through May 9, 2017...
December 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283667/international-humanitarian-award-kathryn-l-norsworthy
#12
(no author information available yet)
The International Humanitarian Award recognizes extraordinary humanitarian services and activism by psychologists, including professional and volunteer work conducted primarily in the field with underserved populations. The 2017 award winner is Kathryn L. Norsworthy, for work as an educator, activist, and scholar of international humanitarian work. Among her notable achievements, she has "helped to strengthen the identity of Nepali, Thai, and Burmese women, assisted them in preventing and confronting human rights abuses, and contributed to their mobilization as influential leaders...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283664/award-for-distinguished-contributions-to-the-international-advancement-of-psychology-mary-p-koss
#13
(no author information available yet)
The Award for Distinguished Contributions to the International Advancement of Psychology is given to individuals who have made sustained and enduring contributions to international cooperation and the advancement of knowledge in psychology. The 2017 award winner is Mary P. Koss, whose "stellar research, consultation, and advocacy on sexual violence against women and girls...has contributed to the integration of women's rights as an integral part of human rights." Her award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283662/apa-apags-award-for-distinguished-graduate-student-in-professional-psychology-octavio-andres-santos
#14
(no author information available yet)
The APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology is awarded annually by the APA Board of Professional Affairs (BPA) and the American Psychological Association of Graduate Students (APAGS) to a graduate student who has demonstrated outstanding practice and application of psychology. The 2017 award winner is Octavio Andres Santos, who has demonstrated through several initiatives "effective engagement with advocacy, professional organizations, and research in the area of health disparities and multicultural/multilingual assessment...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283659/award-for-distinguished-professional-contributions-to-institutional-practice-linda-r-mona
#15
(no author information available yet)
The APA Awards for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Institutional Practice are intended to recognize outstanding practitioners in institutional settings in psychology. The 2017 award winner is Linda R. Mona, whose treatment of veterans with disabilities has advanced treatment with respect to sexual health. Her clinical work and advocacy for psychology practice have received national recognition. Mona's award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here. (PsycINFO Database Record...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283656/award-for-distinguished-professional-contributions-to-independent-practice-mary-o-leary-wiley
#16
(no author information available yet)
The Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Independent Practice is intended to recognize outstanding independent practitioners in psychology. The award is given to a psychologist working in an area of clinical specialization, health services provision, or consulting, and services provided to any patient population or professional clientele in an independent setting. The 2017 recipient is Mary O'Leary Wiley, who has demonstrated exemplary service in the areas of child treatment and trauma as well as adoption, raising awareness of social contexts...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283654/apa-award-for-distinguished-professional-contributions-to-applied-research-cameron-j-camp
#17
(no author information available yet)
The Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Applied Research is given to a psychologist whose research has led to important discoveries or developments in the field of applied psychology. The 2017 recipient is Cameron J. Camp, whose innovative programs have informed psychologists in working with dementia patients to improve their living skills and enhance their independence. Camp's award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here. (PsycINFO Database Record
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283652/apa-psi-chi-edwin-b-newman-graduate-research-award-samantha-f-anderson
#18
(no author information available yet)
The Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award is given jointly by Psi Chi and the American Psychological Association. The award was established to recognize young researchers at the beginning of their professional lives and to commemorate both the 50th anniversary of Psi Chi and the 100th anniversary of psychology as a science (dating from the founding of Wundt's laboratory). The 2017 recipient is Samantha F. Anderson, who was chosen for "an exceptional research paper that responds to psychology's 'replication crisis' by outlining a broader view of success in replication...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283650/award-for-distinguished-contributions-of-applications-of-psychology-to-education-and-training-james-wilcox-lichtenberg
#19
(no author information available yet)
The Award for Distinguished Contributions of Applications of Psychology to Education and Training acknowledges psychologists who contribute to new teaching methods or solutions to learning problems through research findings or evidence-based practices. The 2017 recipient is James Wilcox Lichtenberg, whose scholarship has had "important impacts on the definition, training, and evaluation of professional practice." His award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here. (PsycINFO Database Record...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283648/award-for-distinguished-career-contributions-to-education-and-training-in-psychology-nancy-s-elman
#20
(no author information available yet)
The Award for Distinguished Career Contributions to Education and Training in Psychology is given in recognition of the efforts of psychologists who have made distinguished contributions to education and training, who have produced imaginative innovations, or who have been involved in the developmental phases of programs in education and training in psychology. The Career designation is added to the award at the discretion of the Education and Training Awards Committee to recognize continuous significant contributions made over a lifelong career in psychology...
December 2017: American Psychologist
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