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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641213/measurement-properties-of-screening-and-diagnostic-tools-for-autism-spectrum-adults-of-mean-normal-intelligence-a-systematic-review
#1
A Baghdadli, F Russet, L Mottron
BACKGROUND: The autism spectrum (AS) is a multifaceted neurodevelopmental variant associated with lifelong challenges. Despite the relevant importance of identifying AS in adults for epidemiological, public health, and quality of life issues, the measurement properties of the tools currently used to screen and diagnose adults without intellectual disabilities (ID) have not been assessed. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review addresses the accuracy, reliability, and validity of the reported AS screening and diagnostic tools used in adults without ID...
May 17, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638816/prevalence-of-asthma-among-middle-eastern-children-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Masoud Mirzaei, Mehran Karimi, Shima Beheshti, Masoud Mohammadi
Background: The prevalence of asthma and allergy has increased during the last decades, especially in children. However, little is known about it in the Middle East region. This systematic review is aimed to estimate the prevalence of asthma among the Middle Eastern children. Methods: Local and international scientific databases including SID, Iranmedex, Medline and Science Direct were systematically searched for relevant keywords including; asthma, prevalence, children, International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISACC) and the names of Middle Eastern countries for the period of 1996-2011...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632257/modeling-of-crestal-bone-after-submerged-vs-transmucosal-implant-placement-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#3
Stefan Paul, Matthias Petsch, Ulrike Held
PURPOSE: To determine differences in marginal bone changes when using submerged or transmucosal dental implants through a systematic review of the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were electronically searched for trials comparing marginal bone loss between submerged and transmucosal dental implants with a minimum follow-up of 12 months published between January 1980 and January 2016. Manual searches of the bibliographies of the included studies were also carried out...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627229/cobicistat-versus-ritonavir-similar-pharmacokinetic-enhancers-but-some-important-differences
#4
Alice Tseng, Christine A Hughes, Janet Wu, Jason Seet, Elizabeth J Phillips
OBJECTIVE: To describe properties of cobicistat and ritonavir; compare boosting data with atazanavir, darunavir, and elvitegravir; and summarize antiretroviral and comedication interaction studies, with a focus on similarities and differences between ritonavir and cobicistat. Considerations when switching from one booster to another are discussed. DATA SOURCES: A literature search of MEDLINE was performed (1985 to April 2017) using the following search terms: cobicistat, ritonavir, pharmacokinetic, drug interactions, booster, pharmacokinetic enhancer, HIV, antiretrovirals...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625712/how-common-is-remission-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Stephanie J W Shoop-Worrall, Lianne Kearsley-Fleet, Wendy Thomson, Suzanne M M Verstappen, Kimme L Hyrich
OBJECTIVES: The ideal goal of treatment for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is disease remission. However, many sets of remission criteria have been developed and no systematic review of remission in JIA exists. The current systematic review investigated (1) how remission has been defined across JIA clinical cohorts and (2) the frequency of remission overall and within disease categories. METHODS: Studies using prospective inception cohorts published after 1972 were selected if they estimated remission in cohorts of ≥50 patients...
May 20, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619308/what-the-public-think-about-hypnosis-and-hypnotherapy-a-narrative-review-of-literature-covering-opinions-and-attitudes-of-the-general-public-1996-2016
#6
REVIEW
Matthew Krouwel, Kate Jolly, Sheila Greenfield
OBJECTIVES: To describe the public's understanding of hypnosis and openness to hypnotherapy. METHODS: A comprehensive search of English language peer reviewed journal articles from 1st January 1996-11th March 2016 was performed over 9 databases (Medline, PubMed, PsycARTICLES, CINAHL, Embase (excerpta medica), PsychInfo, Cochrane, Science citation index-expanded, Conference citation index) and a title-only search of Google scholar. 39 keyword combinations were employed: hypnosis, hypnotherapy, hypnotic, perception, beliefs, knowledge, view, opinion and understanding, in singular and plural where appropriate...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617950/effect-of-cross-linked-vs-non-cross-linked-collagen-membranes-on-bone-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
J Jiménez Garcia, S Berghezan, J M M Caramês, M M Dard, D N S Marques
The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review to compare the clinical outcomes of two different resorbable collagen membranes in terms of regenerated bone volume, postoperative complications and membrane degradation during bone regeneration procedures. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) or controlled trials (CT) that compared both techniques were reviewed on four electronic databases up to December 2015, a manual search was performed on the bibliography of the collected articles and the authors were contacted for additional references if undetected on the electronic and manual search...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610232/a-new-species-of-i-bembecia-i-from-china-with-a-catalogue-of-chinese-species-of-the-genus-lepidoptera-sesiidae
#8
Oleg G Gorbunov, Anatoly V Krupitsky, Anatoly A Marusov
A new species, Bembecia altyntaghica sp. nov. from the Altyn-Tagh Mts., Gansu, West China, is described and illustrated. The data on its biotope and host plant are presented and illustrated as well. An annotated catalogue of the Chinese members of the genus Bembecia is added to this paper. The catalogue contains the following information: the references to the original descriptions, information on name-bearing types, complete bibliographies of the presented taxa, data on host plants and distribution. Here below the Oriental species Bembecia fortis Diakonoff, 1967 is transferred to the genus Oligophlebia Hampson, 1893 comb...
June 7, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610023/type-catalogue-of-terebridae-mollusca-gastropoda-conoidea-in-the-natural-history-museum-london-u-k
#9
Andreia Salvador, Joan Pickering
The type collection of Terebridae in the Natural History Museum consists of 248 lots. In order to clarify the type status of this material, an annotated alphabetic list by species is provided. The format includes the original citation for each species, type locality, collector, label data, registration number, number of specimens, type status and remarks. Due to the actions of previous workers, fixation of lectotype by inference of holotype is given for 168 species. A bibliography of relevant publications is also provided...
April 4, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602027/assistive-technology-for-memory-support-in-dementia
#10
REVIEW
Henriëtte G Van der Roest, Jennifer Wenborn, Channah Pastink, Rose-Marie Dröes, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: The sustained interest in electronic assistive technology in dementia care has been fuelled by the urgent need to develop useful approaches to help support people with dementia at home. Also the low costs and wide availability of electronic devices make it more feasible to use electronic devices for the benefit of disabled persons. Information Communication Technology (ICT) devices designed to support people with dementia are usually referred to as Assistive Technology (AT) or Electronic Assistive Technology (EAT)...
June 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600331/does-maternal-hsv-2-coinfection-increase-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Vishalini Sivarajah, Kevin Venus, Mark H Yudin, Kellie E Murphy, Steven A Morrison, Darrell Hs Tan
BACKGROUND: Reducing HIV mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is critical to ending the HIV pandemic. Reports suggest that herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2), a common coinfection in HIV-infected individuals, is associated with increased MTCT, but results have been conflicting. We conducted a systematic review of observational studies to quantify the magnitude of this relationship (PROSPERO no. CRD42016043315). METHODS: We searched Medline (1981 to June week 3, 2016), EMBASE (1981 to week 26, 2016), relevant conferences (2013-2016) and bibliographies of identified studies for cohort and case-control studies enrolling HIV-positive women during pregnancy or peripartum that quantified the effect of HSV-2 infection on MTCT...
June 9, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599331/-the-aging-retina-in-the-context-of-cerebral-neurodegenerative-diseases
#12
Michael R R Böhm, Solon Thanos
Background Neurodegenerative diseases (ND) consist of divers affections of the central nervous system related to etiology, localization, and of course of the disease. Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementias are best investigated together with socioeconomic conditions and play an important role in its high prevalence. This work will present ND diseases in the context of analogous retinal degeneration mechanisms and ophthalmological diseases. Methods Based on epidemiological data, the current neurological bibliography of ND has been considered...
June 9, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598564/withdrawn-celecoxib-for-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
REVIEW
Sarah E Garner, Dogan Fidan, Ruth R Frankish, Maria Judd, Beverley Shea, Tanveer Towheed, Peter Tugwell, George A Wells
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic auto-immune disorder, involving persistent joint inflammation. NSAIDs are used to control the symptoms of RA, but are associated with significant gastro-intestinal toxicity, including a risk of potentially life threatening gastroduodenal perforations, ulcers and bleeds. The NSAIDs known as the selective Cox II inhibitors, of which celecoxib is a member, were developed in order to reduce the GI toxicity, but are more expensive. OBJECTIVES: To establish the efficacy and safety of celecoxib in the management of RA by systematic review of available evidence...
June 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594459/computer-vision-syndrome-a-common-cause-of-unexplained-visual-symptoms-in-the-modern-era
#14
REVIEW
Sunil Munshi, Ashley Varghese, Sushma Dhar-Munshi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the evidence and available literature on the clinical, pathogenetic, prognostic and therapeutic aspects of Computer vision syndrome. METHODS: Information was collected from Medline, Embase & National Library of Medicine over the last 30 years up to March 2016. The bibliographies of relevant articles were searched for additional references. FINDINGS: Patients with Computer vision syndrome present to a variety of different specialists, including General Practitioners, Neurologists, Stroke physicians and Ophthalmologists...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590211/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-palliative-interventions-to-treat-rectal-tenesmus-in-cancer
#15
Áine Ní Laoire, Lucy Fettes, Fliss Em Murtagh
BACKGROUND: Rectal tenesmus is a distressing symptom in patients with advanced cancer and challenging to treat. There is lack of consensus on the appropriate management of tenesmus in this patient population. AIM: To identify and examine the effectiveness of interventions to palliate rectal tenesmus caused by advanced cancer when surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy are no longer treatment options. DESIGN: A systematic review of the literature following standard systematic review methodology and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidance...
March 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572977/acoustic-and-thermal-characterization-of-agar-based-phantoms-used-for-evaluating-focused-ultrasound-exposures
#16
Georgios Menikou, Christakis Damianou
BACKGROUND: This study describes a series of experimental work completed towards characterizing candidate materials for fabricating brain and muscle tissue mimicking phantoms. METHODS: The acoustic speed, attenuation, impedance, thermal diffusivity, specific heat and thermal conductivity were measured. RESULTS: The resulting brain (2% w/v agar-1.2% w/v Silica Dioxide-25%v/v evaporated milk) and muscle tissue recipe (2% w/v agar-2% w/v Silica Dioxide-40%v/v evaporated milk) introduced a total attenuation coefficient of 0...
2017: Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572877/does-music-reduce-anxiety-and-discomfort-during-flexible-sigmoidoscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Arun P Shanmuganandan, Muhammad R Sameem Siddiqui, Nicholas Farkas, Kiran Sran, Rhys Thomas, Said Mohamed, Robert I Swift, Al Mutaz Abulafi
AIM: To investigate the role of music in reducing anxiety and discomfort during flexible sigmoidoscopy. METHODS: A systematic review of all comparative studies up to November 2016, without language restriction that were identified from MEDLINE and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (1960-2016), and EMBASE (1991-2016). Further searches were performed using the bibliographies of articles and abstracts from major conferences such as the ESCP, NCRI, ASGBI and ASCRS...
May 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569221/a-four-part-working-bibliography-of-neuroethics-part-4-ethical-issues-in-clinical-and-social-applications-of-neuroscience
#18
EDITORIAL
Kira Becker, John R Shook, Martina Darragh, James Giordano
BACKGROUND: As a discipline, neuroethics addresses a range of questions and issues generated by basic neuroscientific research (inclusive of studies of putative neurobiological processes involved in moral and ethical cognition and behavior), and its use and meanings in the clinical and social spheres. Here, we present Part 4 of a four-part bibliography of the neuroethics literature focusing on clinical and social applications of neuroscience, to include: the treatment-enhancement discourse; issues arising in neurology, psychiatry, and pain care; neuroethics education and training; neuroethics and the law; neuroethics and policy and political issues; international neuroethics; and discourses addressing "trans-" and "post-" humanity...
May 31, 2017: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564682/systolic-blood-pressure-reduction-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#19
Joshua D Bundy, Changwei Li, Patrick Stuchlik, Xiaoqing Bu, Tanika N Kelly, Katherine T Mills, Hua He, Jing Chen, Paul K Whelton, Jiang He
Importance: Clinical trials have documented that lowering blood pressure reduces cardiovascular disease and premature deaths. However, the optimal target for reduction of systolic blood pressure (SBP) is uncertain. Objective: To assess the association of mean achieved SBP levels with the risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in adults with hypertension treated with antihypertensive therapy. Data Sources: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched from inception to December 15, 2015, supplemented by manual searches of the bibliographies of retrieved articles...
May 31, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557811/the-prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-primary-care-a-systematic-review
#20
Margaret Spottswood, Dimitry S Davydow, Hsiang Huang
OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of clinician-diagnosed PTSD and questionnaire-ascertained PTSD symptoms in primary care patients. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature using the PRISMA method, searching MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Database, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and relevant book chapter bibliographies. Studies that reported on the prevalence, including point or lifetime prevalence, of PTSD ascertained using diagnostic interviews or self-report questionnaires, or from administrative data, among patients seen in primary care were deemed eligible for inclusion...
May 26, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
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