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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731841/survey-of-nutrition-management-practices-in-centers-for-pediatric-intestinal-rehabilitation
#1
Anita M Nucci, Kipp Ellsworth, Austin Michalski, Emily Nagel, Jackie Wessel
BACKGROUND: Nutrition management of pediatric intestinal failure (IF) requires interdisciplinary coordination of parenteral nutrition (PN) and enteral nutrition (EN) support. Nutrition strategies used by specialists in pediatric intestinal rehabilitation to promote gut adaptation and manage complications have not been previously summarized. METHODS: A practice survey was distributed to members of the dietitian subgroup of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Pediatric Intestinal Failure Section...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729328/comparative-safety-of-antiepileptic-drugs-for-neurological-development-in-children-exposed-during-pregnancy-and-breast-feeding-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#2
Areti Angeliki Veroniki, Patricia Rios, Elise Cogo, Sharon E Straus, Yaron Finkelstein, Ryan Kealey, Emily Reynen, Charlene Soobiah, Kednapa Thavorn, Brian Hutton, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Fatemeh Yazdi, Jennifer D'Souza, Heather MacDonald, Andrea C Tricco
OBJECTIVES: Compare the safety of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) on neurodevelopment of infants/children exposed in utero or during breast feeding. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review and Bayesian random-effects network meta-analysis (NMA). MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched until 27 April 2017. Screening, data abstraction and quality appraisal were completed in duplicate by independent reviewers. PARTICIPANTS: 29 cohort studies including 5100 infants/children...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727931/pumping-milk-without-ever-feeding-at-the-breast-in-the-moms2moms-study
#3
Sarah A Keim, Kelly M Boone, Reena Oza-Frank, Sheela R Geraghty
BACKGROUND: More than 85% of contemporary lactating women in the United States express their milk at least sometimes. Some produce milk exclusively through pumping. We characterized women who pumped but never fed at the breast and compared their infant feeding practices with those of women who fed at the breast with or without pumping. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Study participants were those delivered at Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center in 2011 and completed a questionnaire at 12 months postpartum (n = 478)...
July 20, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727611/formula-feeding-as-a-risk-factor-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-is-bisphenol-a-exposure-a-smoking-gun
#4
Andrew Adesman, Derek Soled, Lisa Rosen
OBJECTIVE: Breastfeeding during infancy is associated with a lower risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Although this is presumably due to breast milk's nutritional advantages, formula-fed infants have, until recently, also been exposed to bisphenol A (BPA), a neurotoxic chemical previously used to manufacture baby bottles and formula cans. Our goal was to examine the association between formula feeding and preschool ADHD in 2 comparable, serial cohorts of preschool children who differ in BPA exposure during infancy...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724859/relationship-between-interdental-spacing-and-colonization-by-streptococcus-mutans-in-children
#5
Takuro Yonezu, Seikou Shintani
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between interdental spacing in the upper incisors and other associated factors with colonization by Streptococcus mutans in children. A total of 47 children aged between 24 and 36 months with no decayed cavities were enrolled in the study. Models were obtained to evaluate interdental spacing in the upper anterior region. The relationships between S. mutans colonization and number of erupted teeth, interdental spacing, diet, and oral hygiene behavior were investigated...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723608/breastfeeding-and-the-gut-brain-axis-is-there-a-role-for-melatonin
#6
REVIEW
George Anderson, Cathy Vaillancourt, Michael Maes, Russel J Reiter
The benefits of breastfeeding over formula feed are widely appreciated. However, for many mothers breastfeeding is not possible, highlighting the need for a significant improvement in the contents of formula feed. In this article, the overlooked role of melatonin and the melatonergic pathways in breast milk and in the regulation of wider breast milk components are reviewed. There is a growing appreciation that the benefits of breastfeeding are mediated by its effects in the infant gut, with consequences for the development of the gut-brain axis and the immune system...
July 19, 2017: Biomolecular Concepts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721502/mucin-cross-feeding-of-infant-bifidobacteria-and-eubacterium-hallii
#7
Vera Bunesova, Christophe Lacroix, Clarissa Schwab
Mucus production is initiated before birth and provides mucin glycans to the infant gut microbiota. Bifidobacteria are the major bacterial group in the feces of vaginally delivered and breast milk-fed infants. Among the bifidobacteria, only Bifidobacterium bifidum is able to degrade mucin and to release monosaccharides which can be used by other gut microbes colonizing the infant gut. Eubacterium hallii is an early occurring commensal that produces butyrate and propionate from fermentation metabolites but that cannot degrade complex oligo- and polysaccharides...
July 18, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719808/activated-neuro-oxidative-and-neuro-nitrosative-pathways-at-the-end-of-term-are-associated-with-inflammation-and-physio-somatic-and-depression-symptoms-while-predicting-outcome-characteristics-in-mother-and-baby
#8
Chutima Roomruangwong, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, Andressa Keiko Matsumoto, André de Souza Nogueira, Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sunee Sirivichayakul, André F Carvalho, Sebastien Duleu, Michel Geffard, Estefania Gastaldello Moreira, Michael Maes
OBJECTIVES: To examine oxidative & nitrosative stress (O&NS) biomarkers at the end of term in relation to perinatal affective symptoms, neuro-immune biomarkers and pregnancy-related outcome variables. METHODS: We measured plasma advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), nitric oxide metabolites (NOx), total radical trapping antioxidant parameter (TRAP), -sulfhydryl (-SH), peroxides (LOOH) and paraoxonase (PON)1 activity in pregnant women with and without prenatal depression and non-pregnant controls...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714111/room-for-improvement-in-breast-milk-feeding-after-very-preterm-birth-in-europe-results-from-the-epice-cohort
#9
Emilija Wilson, Anna-Karin Edstedt Bonamy, Mercedes Bonet, Liis Toome, Carina Rodrigues, Elizabeth A Howell, Marina Cuttini, Jennifer Zeitlin
Breast milk feeding (BMF) is associated with lower neonatal morbidity in the very preterm infant (<32 weeks gestation) and breastfeeding is beneficial for maternal health. Previous studies show large variations in BMF after very preterm birth and recognize the need for targeted breastfeeding support in the neonatal intensive care units (NICU). In a European collaboration project about evidence-based practices after very preterm birth, we examined the association between maternal, obstetric, and infant clinical factors; neonatal and maternal care unit policies; and BMF at discharge from the NICU...
July 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711809/assessing-the-impact-of-hazardous-waste-on-children-s-health-the-exposome-paradigm
#10
D A Sarigiannis
Assessment of the health impacts related to hazardous waste is a major scientific challenge with multiple societal implications. Most studies related to associations between hazardous waste and public health do not provide established of mechanistic links between environmental exposure and disease burden, resulting in ineffective waste management options. The exposome concept comes to overhaul the nature vs. nurture paradigm and embraces a world of dynamic interactions between environmental exposures, endogenous exposures and genetic expression in humans...
July 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709629/what-happens-to-blood-glucose-concentrations-after-oral-treatment-for-neonatal-hypoglycemia
#11
Deborah L Harris, Greg D Gamble, Philip J Weston, Jane E Harding
OBJECTIVE: To determine the change in blood glucose concentration after oral treatment of infants with hypoglycemia in the first 48 hours after birth. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed data from 227 infants with hypoglycemia (blood glucose <46.8 mg/dL, 2.6 mmol/L) born at a tertiary hospital who experienced 295 episodes of hypoglycemia. Blood glucose concentrations were measured (glucose oxidase) within 90 minutes after randomization to dextrose or placebo gel plus feeding with formula, expressed breast milk, or breast feeding...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705171/formula-diet-driven-microbiota-shifts-tryptophan-metabolism-from-serotonin-to-tryptamine-in-neonatal-porcine-colon%C3%AF
#12
Manish Kumar Saraf, Brian D Piccolo, Anne K Bowlin, Kelly E Mercer, Tanya LeRoith, Sree V Chintapalli, Kartik Shankar, Thomas M Badger, Laxmi Yeruva
BACKGROUND: The gut microbiota of breast-fed and formula-fed infants differ significantly, as do the risks for allergies, gut dysfunction, and upper respiratory tract infections. The connections between breast milk, various formulas, and the profiles of gut bacteria to these childhood illnesses, as well as the mechanisms underlying the effects, are not well understood. METHODS: We investigated distal colon microbiota by 16S RNA amplicon sequencing, morphology by histomorphometry, immune response by cytokine expression, and tryptophan metabolism in a pig model in which piglets were sow-fed, or fed soy or dairy milk-based formula from postnatal day (PND) 2 to 21...
July 14, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702218/effects-of-a-parallel-arm-randomized-controlled-weight-loss-pilot-study-on-biological-and-psychosocial-parameters-of-overweight-and-obese-breast-cancer-survivors
#13
Andrea Y Arikawa, Beth C Kaufman, Susan K Raatz, Mindy S Kurzer
BACKGROUND: Weight gain often occurs after breast cancer (BC) diagnosis and obesity along with sedentary behavior are associated with increased risk of BC recurrence and mortality. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether a significant weight loss, of approximately 10%, would lead to beneficial changes in biomarkers associated with cancer and/or cancer recurrence, and quality of life (QOL) in overweight and obese BC survivors. METHODS: This parallel-arm study took place in Minneapolis, Minnesota, from January 2009 until March 2010...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702071/exclusive-breastfeeding-and-associated-factors-among-mothers-in-gozamin-district-northwest-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#14
Melkamu Tamir Hunegnaw, Lemma Derseh Gezie, Alemayehu Shimeka Teferra
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding is defined as feeding infants only breast milk, be it directly from breast or expressed, except drops or syrups consisting of vitamins, mineral supplements or medicine. Exclusive breastfeeding is one of the essential actions for infant development and survival. However, the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in Ethiopia has been estimated at 52% which is far less than the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations. Moreover, there are inconsistencies among estimates in different districts of the country...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692430/adherence-to-safe-sleep-recommendations-by-families-with-higher-order-multiples
#15
Madeline C Haas, Donna Dowling, Elizabeth G Damato
BACKGROUND: More than 95% of higher-order multiples are born preterm and more than 90% are low birth weight, making this group of infants especially vulnerable to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Emerging evidence suggests that families with twins face challenges adhering to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations to reduce SIDS risks. Adherence to the AAP recommendations in families with higher-order multiples has not been described. PURPOSE: This study describes SIDS risk reduction infant care practices for higher-order multiples during the first year of life...
July 13, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691975/stability-of-cortisol-and-cortisone-in-human-breast-milk-during-holder-pasteurization
#16
Bibian van der Voorn, Marita de Waard, Lisette R Dijkstra, Annemieke C Heijboer, Joost Rotteveel, Johannes B van Goudoever, Martijn J J Finken
Human donor milk is the feeding of choice for preterm infants, when own mother's milk is not available. Holder pasteurization is necessary to secure the safety of donor milk, although it can affect milk quality by reduction of nutritional and bioactive components. Recently, research has focused on the potential role of breast-milk glucocorticoids for infant development. At this moment, it is unknown whether pasteurization affects milk glucocorticoid levels. Therefore, we assessed whether Holder pasteurization, the most frequently used method nowadays, reduces breast-milk cortisol and cortisone levels, using breast milk samples from 30 women who delivered at term...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689554/maternal-distraction-during-breast-and-bottle-feeding-among-wic-and-non-wic-mothers
#17
Alison K Ventura, Simone Teitelbaum
OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence and correlates of maternal distraction during infant feeding within a sample of mothers enrolled or not in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Woman, Infants, and Children (WIC). DESIGN: Mothers kept diaries of their infants' feeding patterns. PARTICIPANTS: Mothers (n = 75) with infants aged ≤6 months. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Within the diaries, mothers recorded what else, if anything, they did during the feeding...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689304/effect-of-dietary-inclusion-of-graded-levels-of-toasted-guar-meal-on-performance-nutrient-digestibility-carcass-traits-and-serum-parameters-in-commercial-broiler-chickens
#18
E Tirupathi Reddy, V Ravinder Reddy, V Chinni Preetham, S V Rama Rao, D Srinivasa Rao
An experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design to explore the replacement value of toasted guar meal (TGM) for soybean meal (SBM) in commercial broiler diets. Hypothesis was tested by including graded levels (0, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18% of diet) of TGM to replace maize-SBM on growth performance, apparent nutrient digestibility, carcass traits, and serum parameters. A total of six iso-nitrogenous and iso-caloric diets were prepared, and each diet was fed ad libitum to 12 replicates of five chicks each from 1 to 42 days of age...
July 9, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687998/effects-of-low-to-moderate-levels-of-deoxynivalenol-on-feed-and-water-intake-weight-gain-and-slaughtering-traits-of-broiler-chickens
#19
A Lucke, B Doupovec, P Paulsen, Q Zebeli, J Böhm
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of low to moderate oral exposure to the Fusarium toxin deoxynivalenol (DON; derived from culture material) on performance, water intake, and carcass parameters of broilers during early and late developmental phases. A total of 160 Ross 308 broilers were randomly allocated to four different feeding groups (n = 40/group) including 0 (control), 2.5, 5, and 10 mg DON/kg wheat-soybean meal-based feed. Three consecutive replicates of the experiment were performed...
July 7, 2017: Mycotoxin Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686471/the-meaning-of-breastfeeding-is-changing-and-so-must-our-language-about-it
#20
Kathleen M Rasmussen, Julia P Felice, Elizabeth J O'Sullivan, Christine D Garner, Sheela R Geraghty
For millennia, the word "breastfeeding" has meant feeding an infant at his/her own mother's breast. With the recent introduction of high-efficiency breast pumps, other possibilities are now widely used, including feeding an infant his/her own mother's milk from a cup or bottle. This milk may be recently pumped or stored for a short or long time. Infants also may be fed another mother's milk. As a result, the use of the term "breastfeeding" to describe these different behaviors now inhibits clear communication among and between healthcare providers, researchers, mothers, and members of the lay public...
July 7, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
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