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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144393/growth-gastrointestinal-tolerance-and-stool-characteristics-of-healthy-term-infants-fed-an-infant-formula-containing-hydrolyzed-whey-protein-63-and-intact-casein-37-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Shang-Ling Wu, Ding Ding, Ai-Ping Fang, Pei-Yan Chen, Si Chen, Li-Peng Jing, Yu-Ming Chen, Hui-Lian Zhu
To investigate whether healthy term infants, fed an infant formula containing hydrolyzed whey protein (HWP-F, hydrolyzed whey/intact casein =63/37), differ in growth, gastrointestinal tolerance and stool characteristics from those fed an infant formula containing intact whey protein (IWP-F, intact whey/intact casein =61/39) or breast milk. Healthy term infants, born within 14 days of the study's commencement, were randomly assigned to be fed IWP-F or HWP-F until 13 weeks of age, and breast-fed (BF) infants were enrolled as a reference group...
November 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144244/modes-of-infant-feeding-and-the-risk-of-childhood-asthma-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#2
Annika Klopp, Lorena Vehling, Allan B Becker, Padmaja Subbarao, Piushkumar J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Diana L Lefebvre, Malcolm R Sears, Meghan B Azad
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether different modes of infant feeding are associated with childhood asthma, including differentiating between direct breastfeeding and expressed breast milk. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 3296 children in the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development birth cohort. The primary exposure was infant feeding mode at 3 months, reported by mothers and categorized as direct breastfeeding only, breastfeeding with some expressed breast milk, breast milk and formula, or formula only...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142586/determinants-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-infants-less-than-six-months-of-age-in-hawassa-an-urban-setting-ethiopia
#3
Bethlihem Adugna, Henok Tadele, Fekadu Reta, Yifru Berhan
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life. However, the proportion of EBF in Ethiopia is 58%. The EBF practice and factors affecting it have not been studied in Hawassa, Southern Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinants of EBF practice among infants less than six months age in Hawassa city, Ethiopia. Methods: A total of 529 mothers with infants aged 0-6 months were involved in this study between November 2015 and January 2016...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142555/exclusive-breastfeeding-practices-in-working-women-of-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Aroona Sabin, Farida Manzur, Saleem Adil
Objective: To determine the prevalence of exclusive breast feeding in working women and to identify the factors effecting exclusive breast feeding in working women. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in Faisalabad city within a period of six months from June 2016 to December 2016. Working women of age 18 to 45 years, working as doctors, teachers, nurses and bankers in public (government) setup were included. The data was collected using interview method by pre-structured questionnaire...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142203/mode-of-delivery-and-child-and-adolescent-psychological-well-being-evidence-from-hong-kong-s-children-of-1997-birth-cohort
#5
Cherry Y Leung, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
Mode of delivery (vaginal or cesarean section) is thought to affect gut microbiota, which in turn may affect psychological well-being. As such, mode of delivery is potentially a modifiable factor for psychological well-being. Here we examined the association of mode of delivery with child and adolescent psychological well-being. We used multivariable linear regression in a population-representative Hong Kong Chinese birth cohort, "Children of 1997," to examine the adjusted associations of mode of delivery with behavioral problems assessed from parent-reported Rutter score at ~7 (n = 6294) and ~11 years (n = 5598), self-esteem assessed from self-reported Culture-Free Self-Esteem Inventory score at ~11 years (n = 6937) and depressive symptoms assessed from self-reported Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score at ~13 years (n = 5797)...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136496/association-between-pacifier-use-and-bottle-feeding-and-unfavorable-behaviors-during-breastfeeding
#6
Christyann L C Batista, Valdinar S Ribeiro, Maria do Desterro S B Nascimento, Vandilson P Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between pacifier use and bottle-feeding and unfavorable behaviors during breastfeeding. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 427 babies/mothers. Socio-demographic, perinatal data, and information about the use of artificial nipples (pacifier and/or bottle) were collected through a questionnaire. The breastfeeding aspects regarding position, affectivity, sucking behavior, baby responses, and breast anatomy were evaluated through observation during breastfeeding...
November 11, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136371/designing-dendron-polymer-conjugate-based-targeted-drug-delivery-platforms-with-a-mix-and-match-modularity
#7
Burcu Sumer Bolu, Bianka Golba, Nazli Boke, Amitav Sanyal, Rana Sanyal
Polymeric micellar systems are emerging as a very important class of nano-pharmaceuticals due to their ability to improve pharmacokinetics and bio-distribution of chemotherapy drugs, as well as to reduce related systemic toxicities. While these nano sized delivery systems inherently benefit from passive targeting through the enhanced permeation and retention effect leading to increased accumulation in the tumor, additional active targeting can be achieved through surface modification of micelles with targeting groups specific for over-expressed receptors of tumor cells...
November 14, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135578/when-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-fails-preventing-pretreatment-drug-resistance-in-african-children
#8
Seth C Inzaule, Raph L Hamers, Job Calis, Ragna Boerma, Kim Sigaloff, Clement Zeh, Peter Mugyenyi, Sulaimon Akanmu, Tobias F Rinke de Wit
: The scale-up of antiretroviral prophylaxis to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV has significantly reduced new pediatric infections in sub-Saharan Africa. However, among infants who become HIV-infected despite prevent mother-to-child transmission, more than 50% have drug-resistant HIV. Given high levels of resistance, WHO recommends the use of protease inhibitors as part of first-line pediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART) to optimize treatment response, but costs and logistic challenges restrict access...
November 10, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134685/in-ovo-feeding-of-nutrients-and-its-impact-on-post-hatching-water-and-feed-deprivation-up-to-48%C3%A2-hr-energy-status-and-jejunal-morphology-of-chicks-using-response-surface-models
#9
M Ghanaatparast-Rashti, M Mottaghitalab, H Ahmadi
A Box-Behnken design (BBD) in a response surface methodology (RSM) was used to investigate the response of broiler chicks to in ovo feeding (IOF) of beta-hydroxy beta-methylbutyrate (HMB), dextrin and the timing of the first water and feed deprivation. On day 18th of incubation, 1,500 eggs were randomly assigned to 15 experimental runs of BBD, each with 4 replicates, as 3 levels IOF of HMB (0%, 0.5% and 1%) and dextrin (0%, 20% and 40%), and 3 levels of the first water and feed deprivation (6, 27 and 48 hr)...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131919/breast-feeding-friendly-but-not-formula-averse
#10
Juanita Lewis
Breast-feeding is the optimal source of newborn nutrition in term infants and is associated with multiple short- and long-term health benefits. Establishment of breast-feeding may be difficult in a small subset of mothers, which can lead to adverse consequences in the newborn. Some of the consequences of suboptimal nutritional provision to the newborn, such as severe hyperbilirubinemia and breast-feeding-associated hypernatremic dehydration, can have devastating and long-lasting sequelae. Timely identification of mothers and newborns at risk for developing these complications is necessary to avoid significant morbidity and mortality...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131241/insulin-like-growth-factor-i-reduces-the-occurrence-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-by-reducing-inflammatory-response-and-protecting-intestinal-mucosal-barrier-in-neonatal-rats-model
#11
F Tian, G-R Liu, N Li, G Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of enteral supplement of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-1) on dynamic changes of TLR4, NF-κB, IL-6, SIgA and MUC2 in intestinal tissues of neonatal rats, and to investigate the protective effects and possible mechanisms of IGF-1 on necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Specific pathogen free (SPF) neonatal Sprague Dawley (SD) rats aged 3 days old were randomly divided into 3 groups, namely, normal control group, NEC model group and IGF-1 intervention group...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130702/-short-medium-and-long-term-benefits-of-human-milk-intake-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#12
Bibiana Chinea Jiménez, Yumana Awad Parada, Antonio Villarino Marín, Miguel Sáenz de Pipaón Marcos
AIM: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of human milk feeding during the first weeks of life in very low birth weight infants on weight gain at discharge, length of hospitalization, postmenstrual age at discharge and nutritional assessment, growth and neurodevelopment at two and five years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Longitudinal study of very-low-birth-weight infants (< 1,500 grams) admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of La Paz University Hospital, from January 1st 2009 to December 31st 2009, followed in the follow-up clinic...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125087/examining-temporal-shifts-in-the-proximate-determinants-of-fertility-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#13
Erin Rogers, Rob Stephenson
Targeting reductions in fertility remains a key development goal, as too-high fertility hampers the economic and health prosperity of low- and middle-income countries. However, critical to the success of gaining reductions in fertility is the ability to understand the factors that are shaping fertility, and to understand the factors that are acting to keep fertility levels high. To contribute to this understanding, this study applied the Bongaarts (2015) adjusted proximate determinants of fertility model to 33 low- and middle-income countries using data collected from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) programme between 2000 and 2016...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122829/retrospective-cohort-analysis-on-pancreatic-enzyme-substitution-in-very-low-birthweight-infants-with-postnatal-growth-failure
#14
Julian O Ziegler, Christoph Maas, Wolfgang Bernhard, Joerg Arand, Christian F Poets, Axel R Franz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of pancreatic enzyme substitution (PES) in selected very low birthweight (VLBW) infants with poor postnatal growth despite intensified nutritional support. DESIGN: Retrospective historic cohort study with matched controls. SETTING: Single level III neonatal intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Infants with a gestational age at birth <32 weeks and birth weight <1500 g born between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2014 (n=26) who received PES for restricted postnatal growth despite intensified enteral nutritional support in comparison with infants matched for birth weight, birth year, gestational and postnatal age (n=52)...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113618/milk-products-in-the-dietary-management-of-childhood-undernutrition-a-historical-review
#15
Veronika Scherbaum, M Leila Srour
The present narrative review outlines the use of milk products in infant and young child feeding from early history until today and illustrates how research findings and technical innovations contributed to the evolution of milk-based strategies to combat undernutrition in children below the age of 5 years. From the onset of social welfare initiatives, dairy products were provided by maternal and child health services to improve nutrition. During the last century, a number of aetiological theories on oedematous forms of undernutrition were developed and until the 1970s the dogma of protein deficiency was dominant...
November 8, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109046/when-should-infants-with-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-use-an-amino-acid-formula-a-practical-guide
#16
Rosan Meyer, Marion Groetch, Carina Venter
Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is the most common food allergy in childhood and its prevalence ranges between 1.9% and 4.9%. Most children present with CMPA at age less than 1 year and therefore may require a hypoallergenic formula in the absence of breast milk. Hypoallergenic formulas include both extensively hydrolyzed formula (EHF) and amino acid formula (AAF). For most children with a CMPA, an EHF will be sufficient for symptom resolution, as reflected in current guidelines, but there is a subset of children with CMPA where an AAF may be indicated...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108055/effects-of-in-ovo-feeding-of-l-arginine-on-hatchability-hatching-time-early-posthatch-development-and-carcass-traits-in-domestic-pigeons-columba-livia
#17
X Y Zhang, X P Wan, L P Miao, X T Zou, X Y Dong
The objective of this research was to test the hypothesis that in ovo feeding of arginine (Arg) may improve hatchability and posthatch performance in domestic pigeons (). A completely randomized design ( = 3) with an Arg feeding treatment (Arg group, 1.14 mg Arg dissolved in 200 μL of 0.75% NaCl buffered saline as 1% concentration compared to total Arg in the egg), a buffered saline feeding treatment (SC group, 7.5 g NaCl dissolved in 1 L sterile distilled water as the concentration of poultry physiological saline), and a nonfeeding treatment (NC group) was used...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104286/leptin-regulation-of-the-p53-hif1%C3%AE-pkm2-aromatase-axis-in-breast-adipose-stromal-cells-a-novel-mechanism-for-the-obesity-breast-cancer-link
#18
H Zahid, K Subbaramaiah, N M Iyengar, X K Zhou, I-C Chen, P Bhardwaj, A Gucalp, M Morrow, C A Hudis, A J Dannenberg, K A Brown
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Obesity (body mass index (BMI) ⩾30) is associated with an increased risk of estrogen-dependent breast cancer after menopause. Levels of aromatase, the rate-limiting enzyme in estrogen biosynthesis, are elevated in breast tissue of obese women. Recently, the regulation of aromatase by the p53-HIF1α/PKM2 axis was characterized in adipose stromal cells (ASCs) of women with Li-Fraumeni Syndrome, a hereditary cancer syndrome that predisposes to estrogen-dependent breast cancer...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104257/direct-feeding-at-the-breast-is-associated-with-breast-milk-feeding-duration-among-preterm-infants
#19
Shiran Pinchevski-Kadir, Shir Shust-Barequet, Michal Zajicek, Mira Leibovich, Tzipi Strauss, Leah Leibovitch, Iris Morag
BACKGROUND: In spite of high rates of initiating breast milk feeding (BMF) among preterm infants, a significant rate of discontinuation occurs shortly after discharge. AIM: To investigate the effect of mode (direct feeding at the breast vs. expressing) and exclusivity (breast milk combined with formula vs. breast milk only) as well as maternal perceptions on the duration of BMF among preterm infants. METHODS: The study included mothers whose infants were born before 32 weeks gestation, between January 2012 and August 2015 at Sheba Medical Center (SMC)...
November 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103394/very-high-expander-processing-of-maize-on-animal-performance-digestibility-and-product-quality-of-finishing-pigs-and-broilers
#20
R Puntigam, K Schedle, C Schwarz, E Wanzenböck, J Eipper, E-M Lechner, L Yin, M Gierus
The present study investigated the effect of hydrothermic maize processing and supplementation of amino acids (AA) in two experiments. In total, 60 barrows and 384 broilers were fed four diets including either unprocessed (T1), or hydrothermically processed maize, that is short- (T2), or long-term conditioned (LC) (T3), and subsequently expanded maize of the same batch. Assuming a higher metabolizable energy (ME) content after processing, the fourth diet (T4) contains maize processed as treatment T3, but AA were supplemented to maintain the ideal protein value...
November 6, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
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