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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931088/an-integrated-nutrition-and-health-program-package-on-iycn-improves-breastfeeding-but-not-complementary-feeding-and-nutritional-status-in-rural-northern-india-a-quasi-experimental-randomized-longitudinal-study
#1
Veena Singh, Saifuddin Ahmed, Michele L Dreyfuss, Usha Kiran, Deepika N Chaudhery, Vinod K Srivastava, Ramesh C Ahuja, Abdullah H Baqui, Gary L Darmstadt, Mathuram Santosham, Keith P West
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition below two years of age remains a major public health problem in India. We conducted an evaluation of an integrated nutrition and health program that aimed to improve nutritional status of young children by improving breast and complementary feeding practices over that offered by the Government of India's standard nutrition and health care program. METHODS: In Uttar Pradesh state, through multi-stage cluster random sampling, 81 villages in an intervention district and 84 villages in a comparison district were selected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930483/breastfeeding-characteristics-of-late-preterm-infants-in-a-kangaroo-mother-care-unit
#2
Melissa Pike, Alta Kritzinger, Esedra Krüger
OBJECTIVE: To describe the breastfeeding characteristics of late-preterm infants (LPIs) in a kangaroo mother care (KMC) unit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a 20-bed KMC unit, the breastfeeding of 73 purposively-selected LPIs' (mean gestational age: 34.8 weeks) was observed once-off, using the Preterm Infant Breastfeeding Behavior Scale. Participants' mean age was 9.5 days, mean number of days in the unit was 3.1 days, and mean number of days breastfeeding was 7.5 on observation...
September 20, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926281/e-learning-to-improve-healthcare-professionals-attitudes-and-practices-on-breastfeeding
#3
Sofia Colaceci, Angela Giusti, Elise M Chapin, Maria Enrica Bettinelli, Alessia De Angelis, Francesca Zambri, Ercole Vellone, Rosaria Alvaro, Barbara De Mei
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding training has a crucial role in increasing healthcare professionals' attitudes and in improving professional support for breastfeeding. The collaboration between the Italian National Institute of Health, UNICEF, and the Local Health Authority of Milan has led to the development of an online course on lactation and infant feeding practices. AIM: To assess if the course was effective in improving healthcare professionals' attitudes and practices (APs)...
September 19, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924642/breastfeeding-un-covered-narratives-of-public-breastfeeding-on-romanian-discussion-forums
#4
Diana Tăut
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the construction of breastfeeding in public, as depicted in the stories and the opinions of women participating in discussions on public forums. METHOD: There were 8 discussion forums selected, from which 769 messages were subjected to a narrative analysis further informed by recurrent themes identified in the literature and across messages. The emerging narratives were grouped based on their valence, and three broader categories of themes were formed, highlighting the predominant tone towards breastfeeding in public...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916221/reduced-risk-of-peanut-sensitization-following-exposure-through-breast-feeding-and-early-peanut-introduction
#5
Tracy J Pitt, Allan B Becker, Moira Chan-Yeung, Edmond S Chan, Wade T A Watson, Rishma Chooniedass, Meghan B Azad
BACKGROUND: Recent trials have shown that avoiding peanuts during infancy increases the risk of peanut allergy; however, these studies did not address maternal peanut consumption. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the relationship between maternal peanut consumption while breast-feeding, timing of direct peanut introduction, and peanut sensitization at age 7 years. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a nested cohort within the 1995 Canadian Asthma Primary Prevention Study intervention study was performed...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913128/early-initiation-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-factors-influencing-the-attitudes-of-mothers-who-gave-birth-in-a-baby-friendly-hospital
#6
Elif Yılmaz, Fatma Doğa Öcal, Zehra Vural Yılmaz, Meryem Ceyhan, Osman Fadıl Kara, Tuncay Küçüközkan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the initation time of breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding rates, and complementary feeding practices during the first six months of life among mothers who gave birth in a baby-friendly hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 350 mothers. Demographic characteristics, obstetric history and information about breastfeeding initiation were collected at the hospital. Information about factors affecting breastfeeding duration and feeding practices of the infants were obtained at the end of six months...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912913/paraneoplastic-dermatomyositis-syndrome-presenting-as-dysphagia
#7
Emmanuel Ofori, Daryl Ramai, Mel Ona, Madhavi Reddy
Dermatomyositis (DM) is a rare autoimmune condition which predominantly affects females in the fifth and sixth decades of life. DM presents acutely or progressively as painless proximal skeletal muscle weakness and can be associated with a heliotropic rash around the eyes, and Gottron's papules on extensor surfaces of the hands. While the pathophysiology of DM is still unclear, abnormal T- and B-cell immune activity has been reported. DM has been associated with malignancy and has been shown to appear before, concurrently with, or after diagnosis of cancer...
August 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906320/changes-in-proteases-antiproteases-and-bioactive-proteins-from-mother-s-breast-milk-to-the-premature-infant-stomach
#8
Veronique Demers-Mathieu, Søren Drud Nielsen, Mark A Underwood, Robyn Borghese, David C Dallas
OBJECTIVES: Our previous studies suggested that human milk proteases begin to hydrolyze proteins in the mammary gland and continue within the term infant stomach. No research has measured milk protease and pepsin activity in the gastric aspirates of preterm infants after human milk feeding. This study investigated how the concentrations of human milk proteases and protease inhibitors changed in the premature infant stomach. METHODS: Human milk and infant gastric samples were collected from 18 preterm-delivering mother-infant pairs (24-32 wk gestational age)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903112/savoring-sweet-sugars-in-infant-and-toddler-feeding
#9
Robert D Murray
During the first years of life, the sweetness of sugars has a capacity to hinder or to help in laying a strong nutritional foundation for food preferences that often extend over a lifetime. Aside from supplying 4 g/kcal of energy, sugars are non-nutritive. However, sugars have a powerful attribute, sweetness, which strongly influences human food preference. A child's first relationship with sweet taste begins even before birth and continues to evolve throughout complementary feeding. The sweetness of breastmilk encourages consumption and soothes the neonate...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903110/flavor-perception-and-preference-development-in-human-infants
#10
Catherine A Forestell
As most parents and caregivers are aware, feeding children a nutritionally balanced diet can be challenging. Children are born with a biological predisposition to prefer sweet and to avoid bitter foods such as green leafy vegetables. It has been hypothesized that this predisposition evolved to attract children to energy-dense foods while discouraging the consumption of toxins. Although this may have enhanced survival in environments historically characterized by food scarcity, it is clearly maladaptive in many of today's food environments where children are surrounded by an abundance of sweet-tasting, unhealthful foods and beverages that place them at risk for excessive weight gain...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903109/does-breastfeeding-shape-food-preferences-links-to-obesity
#11
Alison K Ventura
The first 2 years of life have been recognized as a critical window for obesity prevention efforts. This period is characterized by rapid growth and development and, in a relatively short period of time, a child transitions from a purely milk-based diet to a more varied solid-food diet. Much learning about food and eating occurs during this critical window, and it is well-documented that early feeding and dietary exposures predict later food preferences, eating behaviors, and dietary patterns. The focus of this review will be on the earliest feeding experiences - breast- and formula-feeding - and the unique role of breastfeeding in shaping children's food preferences...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898671/preterm-newborn-pain-research-review
#12
Tiffany Field
This narrative review is based on a literature search of PubMed and PsycINFO for research on preterm newborn pain published during the last ten years. The high prevalence of painful procedures being performed with preterm newborns without analgesia (79%), with a median of 75 painful procedures being received during hospitalization and as many as 51 painful procedures per day highlights the importance of this problem. This review covers the pain assessments that have been developed, the short-term effects of the painful procedures, the longer-term developmental outcomes and the pharmacological and alternative therapies that have been researched...
September 9, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898456/urinary-prostaglandin-d2-metabolite-excretion-during-the-first-six-months-of-life-was-significantly-lower-in-breast-fed-than-formula-fed-infants
#13
Hiromichi Shoji, Naho Ikeda, Tomohiro Kitamura, Hiroki Suganuma, Mai Ohba, Toshiaki Okuno, Takehiko Yokomizo, Toshiaki Shimizu
AIM: The metabolic changes that occur during the postnatal weaning period appear to be particularly important for future health and breast milk is considered to provide the optimal source of infant nutrition. This pilot study from September 2013 to May 2015 examined the effect of breastfeeding on prostaglandin metabolism in healthy term infants. METHODS: Urine samples were collected from 19 infants at one month of age in the Juntendo University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan...
September 12, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898404/high-versus-standard-volume-enteral-feeds-to-promote-growth-in-preterm-or-low-birth-weight-infants
#14
REVIEW
Thangaraj Abiramalatha, Niranjan Thomas, Vijay Gupta, Anand Viswanathan, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: Breast milk alone, given at standard recommended volumes (150 to 180 mL/kg/d), is not adequate to meet the protein, energy, and other nutrient requirements of growing preterm or low birth weight infants. One strategy that may be used to address these potential nutrient deficits is to give infants enteral feeds in excess of 200 mL/kg/d ('high-volume' feeds). This approach may increase nutrient uptake and growth rates, but concerns include that high-volume enteral feeds may cause feed intolerance, gastro-oesophageal reflux, aspiration pneumonia, necrotising enterocolitis, or complications related to fluid overload, including patent ductus arteriosus and bronchopulmonary dysplasia...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893515/weaning-practices-of-mothers-in-eastern-turkey
#15
Nazan Gürarslan Baş, Gülnaz Karatay, Duygu Arikan
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to determine the practices used by breastfeeding mothers to wean their children from the breast. METHOD: This qualitative-quantitative research was conducted with mothers whose children were registered the pediatric clinics of a state hospital between June and September 2016. In accordance with a purposeful sampling method, 232 mothers of children between the ages of 2 and 5 years were included in the study. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews using a questionnaire with demographic characteristics of mothers as well as their weaning practices...
September 8, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893342/associations-between-bottle-feeding-intensity-and-maternal-encouragement-of-bottle-emptying
#16
Alison K Ventura, Patsy Garcia, Andrew A Schaffner
OBJECTIVE: To explore longitudinal associations between bottle-feeding and maternal encouragement of infant bottle-emptying during the first 6 months of infancy. DESIGN: Mothers completed questionnaires during the third trimester of pregnancy, then monthly during the first 6 months postpartum. Questionnaires assessed family demographics, maternal and infant weight status, infant feeding patterns and maternal encouragement of infant bottle-emptying. SETTING: The Infant Feeding Practices Study 2, conducted by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration...
September 12, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893306/monitored-supplementation-of-vitamin-d-in-preterm-infants-mosvid-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Alicja Kołodziejczyk, Maria K Borszewska-Kornacka, Joanna Seliga-Siwecka
BACKGROUND: The pivotal role of vitamin D (vit D) in skeletal health is well known. Neonatal vit D storage at birth is dependent on maternal levels, and newborns receive 50-70% of their mother's 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]. Deficiency of vit D can lead to prematurity bone disease, with an incidence of up to 55% in infants weighing < 1000 g. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of monitored supplementation of vit D in a population of preterm infants. METHODS/DESIGN: Preterm infants born at 24-32 weeks of gestation will be recruited within the first 7 days of life...
September 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893046/the-association-between-cariogenic-factors-and-the-occurrence-of-early-childhood-caries-in-children-from-salem-district-of-india
#18
Arokiaraj Stephen, Ramesh Krishnan, Paul Chalakkal
INTRODUCTION: Various aetiological factors for Early Childhood Caries (ECC) have been suggested in literature, but the role of each factor has been disputed in various studies. AIM: To evaluate the association between ECC and its related factors in children between three to six years of age, from rural, semi-urban and urban schools in the district of Salem (India). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study consisted of children between three to six years of age, selected randomly from schools in semi-urban, urban and rural schools at Salem...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890609/association-of-feeding-methods-and-streptococcus-mutans-count-with-early-childhood-caries-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Deepa Bullappa, Manjunath P Puranik, K R Sowmya, T Nagarathnamma
INTRODUCTION: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a virulent form of dental caries that can destroy the primary dentition of toddlers and preschool children. The aim was to determine the relationship of feeding methods and oral Streptococcus mutans count in 3- to 5-year-old children with ECC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in children aged 3 to 5 years. Participating mothers were interviewed regarding child's demographic profile, educational level and socioeconomic status of parents, past medical and dental history of the mother and child, child's feeding habits, and dietary habits and oral hygiene practices of mother and child...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888563/bilirubin-uridine-diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase-polymorphism-as-a-risk-factor-for-prolonged-hyperbilirubinemia-in-japanese-preterm-infants
#20
Takahide Yanagi, Sayuri Nakahara, Yoshihiro Maruo
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a variant of the bilirubin uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase gene (UGT1A1*6) is a risk factor for prolonged hyperbilirubinemia in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: UGT1A1 genotypes in 46 Japanese preterm infants (<37 weeks of gestation) were compared with UGT1A1 genotypes in 38 control infants, using polymerase chain reaction-direct sequencing. Prolonged unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia was defined as serum total bilirubin concentration of >150 µmol/L (8...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
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