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Yasuyuki Shinozaki, Kengo Furuichi, Tadashi Toyama, Shinji Kitajima, Akinori Hara, Yasunori Iwata, Norihiko Sakai, Miho Shimizu, Shuichi Kaneko, Noriyoshi Isozumi, Shushi Nagamori, Yoshikatsu Kanai, Tomoko Sugiura, Yukio Kato, Takashi Wada
Carnitine/organic cation transporter 1 (OCTN1) is a specific transporter of the food-derived antioxidant ergothioneine. Ergothioneine is absorbed by intestinal OCTN1, distributed through the bloodstream, and incorporated into each organ by OCTN1. OCTN1 expression is upregulated in injured tissues, and promotes ergothioneine uptake to reduce further damage caused by oxidative stress. However, the role of the OCTN1-ergothioneine axis in kidney-intestine cross-talk and chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression remains unclear...
July 26, 2017: Kidney International
Katharina Prestin, Janine Hussner, Celio Ferreira, Isabell Seibert, Vivien Breitung, Uwe Zimmermann, Henriette Elisabeth Meyer Zu Schwabedissen
In the renal proximal tubule the secretion and reabsorption of glomerularly filtrated compounds is realized by a functional network of uptake and efflux transporters. The activity and localization of several transporters expressed at the apical tubular membrane is regulated by the membrane associated protein PDZ domain containing 1 (PDZK1). We aimed to characterize the transcriptional regulation of this modulator of renal transport. Coexpression analyses of PDZK1 and putative regulators were performed using human kidney samples...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
T Tao, X Yang, J Zheng, D Feng, Q Qin, X Shi, Q Wang, C Zhao, Z Peng, H Liu, W G Jiang, J He
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the most aggressive urologic cancers, however, the mechanism on supporting RCC carcinogenesis is still not clear. By using gene expression profile analysis and functional clustering, PDZ domain-containing 1 (PDZK1) was revealed to be downregulated in human clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) samples, which was also verified in several independent public ccRCC data sets. Using PDZK1 overexpression and knockdown models in ccRCC cell lines, we demonstrated that PDZK1 inhibited cell proliferation, cell cycle G1/S phase transition, cell migration and invasion, indicating a tumor-suppressor role in the development and progression of ccRCC...
July 10, 2017: Oncogene
Montserrat Pérez-Salvia, Laia Simó-Riudalbas, Pere Llinàs-Arias, Laura Roa, Fernando Setien, Marta Soler, Manuel Castro de Moura, James E Bradner, Eva Gonzalez-Suarez, Catia Moutinho, Manel Esteller
BET bromodomain inhibitors, which have an antitumoral effect against various solid cancer tumor types, have not been studied in detail in luminal breast cancer, despite the prevalence of this subtype of mammary malignancy. Here we demonstrate that the BET bromodomain inhibitor JQ1 exerts growth-inhibitory activity in human luminal breast cancer cell lines associated with a depletion of the C-MYC oncogene, but does not alter the expression levels of the BRD4 bromodomain protein. Interestingly, expression microarray analyses indicate that, upon JQ1 administration, the antitumoral phenotype also involves downregulation of relevant breast cancer oncogenes such as the Breast Carcinoma-Amplified Sequence 1 (BCAS1) and the PDZ Domain-Containing 1 (PDZK1)...
May 29, 2017: Oncotarget
Ken-Ichi Fujita, Yusuke Masuo, Erina Yamazaki, Toshiki Shibutani, Yutaro Kubota, Noritaka Nakamichi, Yasutsuna Sasaki, Yukio Kato
Regorafenib is a multikinase inhibitor orally administered to colorectal cancer patients, and is known to often exhibit dermal toxicity. The purpose of this study is to clarify possible involvement of P-glycoprotein and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) in the dermal accumulation of regorafenib and its active metabolites M-2 and M-5. Following intravenous administration in triple knockout (Abcb1a/1b/bcrp(-/-); TKO) and wild-type (WT) mice, delayed plasma clearance of M-2 and M-5, but not regorafenib, was observed in TKO mice compared to WT mice...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Tao Wu, Jingjing Li, Yong Li, Hongping Song
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Swertiamarin (STM), the main bioactive component in Swertia mussotii Franch (Gentianaceae), has been shown to exert hepatoprotective effects on experimental liver injury. However, the effects and exact mechanisms of STM on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) causing hepatotoxicity are still unknown. This study investigated the potential protective effects and mechanisms of STM on CCl4-induced liver injury in rats. METHODS: Adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were exposed to CCl4 with or without STM co-administration for consecutive eight weeks...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Zheng Dong, Jingru Zhou, Shuai Jiang, Yuan Li, Dongbao Zhao, Chengde Yang, Yanyun Ma, Yi Wang, Hongjun He, Hengdong Ji, Yajun Yang, Xiaofeng Wang, Xia Xu, Yafei Pang, Hejian Zou, Li Jin, Jiucun Wang
Gout is a common arthritis resulting from increased serum urate, and many loci have been identified that are associated with serum urate and gout. However, their influence on the progression from elevated serum urate levels to gout is unclear. This study aims to explore systematically the effects of genetic variants on the pathogenesis in approximately 5,000 Chinese individuals. Six genes (PDZK1, GCKR, TRIM46, HNF4G, SLC17A1, LRRC16A) were determined to be associated with serum urate (PFDR < 0.05) in the Chinese population for the first time...
March 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
Min Luo, Sunil Yeruva, Yongjian Liu, Giriprakash Chodisetti, Brigitte Riederer, Manoj B Menon, Keisuke Tachibana, Takefumi Doi, Ursula E Seidler
Background: The PDZ adaptor protein PDZK1 modulates the membrane expression and function of a variety of intestinal receptors and ion/nutrient transporters. Its expression is strongly decreased in inflamed intestinal mucosa of mice and IBD patients. Aim and Methods: We investigated whether the inflammation-associated PDZK1 downregulation is a direct consequence of proinflammatory cytokine release by treating intestinal Caco-2BBE cells with TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-1β, and analysing PDZK1 promotor activity, mRNA and protein expression...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
Bernardo L Trigatti
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To outline the roles of SR-B1 and PDZK1 in hepatic selective HDL cholesterol uptake and reverse cholesterol transport and the consequences for atherosclerosis development. RECENT FINDINGS: Much of our understanding of the physiological roles of SR-B1 and PDZK1 in HDL metabolism and atherosclerosis comes from studies of genetically manipulated mice. These show SR-B1 and PDZK1 play key roles in HDL metabolism and protection against atherosclerosis...
January 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
Dong Xiang, Tao Wu, Cheng-Yang Feng, Xi-Ping Li, Yan-Jiao Xu, Wen-Xi He, Kai Lei, Hong-Jiao Cai, Cheng-Liang Zhang, Dong Liu
Intrahepatic cholestasis is a main cause of hepatic accumulation of bile acids leading to liver injury, fibrosis, and liver failure. Our previous studies proved that Calculus Bovis Sativus (CBS) can restore biliary transport function through upregulating the multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) in 17α-ethynylestradiol- (EE-) induced intrahepatic cholestasis rats. The regulation mechanism of CBS on these transporters, however, remains unclear. This study was designed to evaluate the possible relationship between the effect of CBS on transport activities and the regulation of CBS on the expression of PDZK1, a mainly scaffold protein which can regulate MRP2 and BCRP...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Nicole M A White-Al Habeeb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: EBioMedicine
Junfang Zheng, Lei Wang, Zhiqiang Peng, Ying Yang, Duiping Feng, Junqi He
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most lethal neoplasm of the urologic system. Clinical therapeutic effect varies greatly between individual ccRCC patients, so there is an urgent need to develop prognostic molecular biomarkers to help clinicians identify patients in need of early aggressive management. In this study, samples from primary ccRCC tumor and their corresponding nontumor adjacent tissues (n=18) were analyzed by quantitative proteomic assay. Proteins downregulated in tumors were studied by GO and KEGG pathways enrichment analyses...
February 2017: EBioMedicine
Toshihide Higashino, Hirotaka Matsuo, Masayuki Sakiyama, Akiyoshi Nakayama, Takahiro Nakamura, Tappei Takada, Hiraku Ogata, Yusuke Kawamura, Makoto Kawaguchi, Mariko Naito, Sayo Kawai, Yuzo Takada, Hiroshi Ooyama, Hiroshi Suzuki, Nariyoshi Shinomiya
PDZ domain containing 1 (PDZK1) is a scaffold protein that organizes a transportsome and regulates several transporters' functions including urate and drug transporters. Therefore, PDZK1 in renal proximal tubules may affect serum uric acid levels through PDZK1-binding renal urate transporters. Two previous studies in Japanese male population reported that a PDZK1 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs12129861, was not associated with gout. In the present study, we performed a further association analysis between gout and rs12129861 in a different large-scale Japanese male population and a meta-analysis with previous Japanese population studies...
December 2016: Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
Rinku Pal, Qingen Ke, German A Pihan, Ayce Yesilaltay, Marsha L Penman, Li Wang, Chandramohan Chitraju, Peter M Kang, Monty Krieger, Olivier Kocher
The HDL receptor SR-BI mediates the transfer of cholesteryl esters from HDL to cells and controls HDL abundance and structure. Depending on the genetic background, loss of SR-BI causes hypercholesterolemia, anemia, reticulocytosis, splenomegaly, thrombocytopenia, female infertility, and fatal coronary heart disease (CHD). The carboxy terminus of SR-BI ((505)QEAKL(509)) must bind to the cytoplasmic adaptor PDZK1 for normal hepatic-but not steroidogenic cell-expression of SR-BI protein. To determine whether SR-BI's carboxy terminus is also required for normal protein levels in steroidogenic cells, we introduced into SR-BI's gene a (507)Ala/STOP mutation that produces a truncated receptor (SR-BIΔCT)...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Marguerite M Vantangoli, Samantha J Madnick, Shelby Wilson, Kim Boekelheide
The development of three-dimensional (3D) cultures is increasing, as they are able to provide the utility of in vitro models and the strength of testing in physiologically relevant systems. When cultured in a scaffold-free agarose hydrogel system, MCF-7 human breast carcinoma cells organize and develop into microtissues that contain a luminal space, in stark contrast to the flat morphology of MCF-7 two-dimensional (2D) monolayer cultures. Following exposure to 1nM E2, expression of typical estrogen-responsive genes, including progesterone receptor (PGR), PDZ containing domain 1 (PDZK1) and amphiregulin (AREG) is increased in both 2D and 3D cultures...
2016: PloS One
Yi Huo, Zhiguo Zheng, Yuling Chen, Qingtao Wang, Zhenyu Zhang, Haiteng Deng
Cisplatin and other platinum-based drugs have been widely used in the treatment of ovarian cancer, but most patients acquire the drug resistance that greatly compromises the efficacy of drugs. Understanding the mechanism of drug resistance is important for finding new therapeutic approaches. In the present study, we found that the expression of vimentin was downregulated in drug-resistant ovarian cancer cell lines A2780-DR and HO-8910 as compared to their respective control cells. Overexpression of vimentin in A2780-DR cells markedly increased their sensitivity to cisplatin, whereas knockdown of vimentin in A2780, HO-8910-PM and HO-8910 cells increased the resistance to cisplatin, demonstrating that vimentin silencing enhanced cisplatin resistance in ovarian cancer cells...
July 19, 2016: Oncotarget
Denise A Monahan, Jun Wang, Oukseub Lee, Elizabeth Revesz, Nancy Taft, David Ivancic, Nora M Hansen, Kevin P Bethke, C Zalles, Seema A Khan
PURPOSE: The contralateral unaffected breast (CUB) of women with unilateral breast cancer provides a model for the study of breast tissue-based risk factors. Using random fine needle aspiration (rFNA), we have investigated hormonal and gene expression patterns related to atypia in the CUBs of newly diagnosed breast cancer patients. METHODS: 83 women underwent rFNA of the CUB. Cytologic analysis was performed using the Masood Score (MS), atypia was defined as MS > 14...
December 2016: Surgical Oncology
Bernardo L Trigatti, Mark Fuller
Atherosclerosis is a leading underlying factor in cardiovascular disease and stroke, important causes of morbidity and mortality across the globe. Abundant epidemiological studies demonstrate that high levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL) are associated with reduced risk of atherosclerosis and preclinical, animal model studies demonstrate that this association is causative. Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying the protective effects of HDL will allow more strategic approaches to development of HDL based therapeutics...
March 2016: Journal of Biomedical Research
Chaitanya P Puranik, Kathleen A Ryan, Zhaoyu Yin, E Angeles Martinez-Mier, John S Preisser, Eric T Everett
The study objective was to investigate the effects of fluoride on intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) secretion. Thyro-parathyroid complexes (TPC) from C3H (n = 18) and B6 (n = 18) mice were cultured in Ca²⁺-optimized medium. TPC were treated with 0, 250, or 500 µM NaF for 24 h and secreted iPTH assayed by ELISA. C3H (n = 78) and B6 (n = 78) mice were gavaged once with distilled or fluoride (0.001 mg [F⁻]/g of body weight) water. At serial time points (0.5-96 h) serum iPTH, fluoride, total calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium levels were determined...
2015: Cells, Tissues, Organs
Kyle Jansson, Jessica Venugopal, Gladis Sánchez, Brenda S Magenheimer, Gail A Reif, Darren P Wallace, James P Calvet, Gustavo Blanco
Cyst enlargement in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) requires the transepithelial secretion of fluid into the cyst lumen. We previously showed that physiological amounts of ouabain enhance cAMP-dependent fluid secretion and cyst growth of human ADPKD cyst epithelial cells in culture and formation of cyst-like dilations in metanephric kidneys from Pkd1 mutant mice. Here, we investigated the mechanisms by which ouabain promotes cAMP-dependent fluid secretion and cystogenesis. Ouabain (3 nM) enhanced cAMP-induced cyst-like dilations in embryonic kidneys from Pkd1 (m1Bei) mice, but had no effect on metanephroi from Pkd1 (m1Bei) mice that lack expression of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)...
December 2015: Journal of Membrane Biology
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