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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131801/real-world-experience-using-the-acurate-neo%C3%A2-prosthesis-30-day-outcomes-of-1000-patients-enrolled-in-the-savi-tf-registry
#1
Helge Möllmann, Christian Hengstenberg, Michael Hilker, Sebastian Kerber, Ulrich Schäfer, Tanja Rudolph, Axel Linke, Norbert Franz, Thomas Kuntze, Holger Nef, Utz Kappert, Thomas Walther, Michael O Zembala, Stefan Toggweiler, Won-Keun Kim
AIMS: The aim of the SAVI-TF registry was to assess the safety and performance of the self-expanding ACURATE neoTM transfemoral transcatheter heart valve in a large patient population with severe aortic stenosis and to investigate if the outcomes obtained in the CE-mark cohort can be replicated in an unselected all-comers population. METHODS AND RESULTS: From October 2014 until April 2016, 1000 patients were enrolled in this prospective, European multicenter registry...
November 14, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114997/in-vitro-modeling-of-hiv-proviral-activity-in-microglia
#2
Lee A Campbell, Christopher T Richie, Yajun Zhang, Emily J Heathward, Lamarque M Coke, Emily Y Park, Brandon K Harvey
Microglia, the resident macrophages of the brain, play a key role in the pathogenesis of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) due to their productive infection by HIV. This results in the release of neurotoxic viral proteins and pro-inflammatory compounds which negatively affect the functionality of surrounding neurons. Because models of HIV infection within the brain are limited, we aimed to create a novel microglia cell line with an integrated HIV provirus capable of recreating several hallmarks of HIV infection...
November 8, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096803/mechanisms-of-very-late-bioresorbable%C3%A2-scaffold-thrombosis-the-invest-registry
#3
Kyohei Yamaji, Yasushi Ueki, Geraud Souteyrand, Joost Daemen, Jens Wiebe, Holger Nef, Tom Adriaenssens, Joshua P Loh, Benoit Lattuca, Joanna J Wykrzykowska, Josep Gomez-Lara, Leo Timmers, Pascal Motreff, Petra Hoppmann, Mohamed Abdel-Wahab, Robert A Byrne, Felix Meincke, Niklas Boeder, Benjamin Honton, Crochan J O'Sullivan, Alfonso Ielasi, Nicolas Delarche, Günter Christ, Joe K T Lee, Michael Lee, Nicolas Amabile, Alexios Karagiannis, Stephan Windecker, Lorenz Räber
BACKGROUND: Very late scaffold thrombosis (VLScT) occurs more frequently after bioresorbable scaffold (Absorb BVS 1.1, Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, California) implantation than with metallic everolimus-eluting stents. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to elucidate mechanisms underlying VLScT as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: The INVEST (Independent OCT Registry on Very Late Bioresorbable Scaffold Thrombosis) registry is an international consortium of investigators who used OCT to examine patients with VLScT...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091090/from-electroburning-to-sublimation-substrate-and-environmental-effects-in-the-electrical-breakdown-process-of-monolayer-graphene
#4
Maria El Abbassi, László Pósa, Péter Makk, Cornelia Nef, Kishan Thodkar, András Halbritter, Michel Calame
We report on the characterization of the electrical breakdown (EB) process for the formation of tunneling nanogaps in single-layer graphene. In particular, we investigated the role of oxygen in the breakdown process by varying the environmental conditions (vacuum and ambient conditions). We show that the density of oxygen molecules in the chamber is a crucial parameter that defines the physical breakdown process: at low density, the graphene lattice is sublimating, whereas at high density, the process involved is oxidation, independent of the substrate material...
November 16, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073233/transcriptional-and-post-translational-changes-in-the-brain-of-mice-deficient-in-cholesterol-removal-mediated-by-cytochrome-p450-46a1-cyp46a1
#5
Natalia Mast, Joseph B Lin, Kyle W Anderson, Ingemar Bjorkhem, Irina A Pikuleva
Cytochrome P450 46A1 (CYP46A1) converts cholesterol to 24-hydroxycholesterol and thereby controls the major pathways of cholesterol removal from the brain. Cyp46a1-/- mice have a reduction in the rate of cholesterol biosynthesis in the brain and significant impairments to memory and learning. To gain insights into the mechanisms underlying Cyp46a1-/- phenotype, we used Cyp46a1-/- mice and quantified their brain sterol levels and the expression of the genes pertinent to cholesterol homeostasis. We also compared the Cyp46a1-/- and wild type brains for protein phosphorylation and ubiquitination...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068162/a-method-for-predicting-peak-work-rate-for-cycle-ergometer-and-treadmill-ramp-tests
#6
Jittima Saengsuwan, Tobias Nef, Kenneth J Hunt
BACKGROUND: Prediction of peak work rate (WRpeak) for incremental exercise testing (IET) is important to bring subjects to their maximal performance within the recommended 8-12 min. This study developed a novel method for prediction of WRpeak for IET on cycles and treadmills. METHODS: Peak metabolic equivalent of task (METpred) was predicted based on an existing non-exercise prediction formula, and then, predicted peak work rate (WRpred) was derived from separate formulae for the cycle and the treadmill...
November 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068130/clinical-outcomes-of-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-treated-with-absorb-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-a-subanalysis-of-the-european-multicentre-ghost-eu-registry
#7
Piera Capranzano, Davide Capodanno, Salvatore Brugaletta, Azeem Latib, Julinda Mehilli, Holger Nef, Tommaso Gori, Maciej Lesiak, Salvatore Geraci, Stelios Pyxaras, Alessio Mattesini, Thomas Münzel, Aleksander Araszkiewicz, Giuseppe Caramanno, Christoph Naber, Carlo Di Mario, Manel Sabatè, Antonio Colombo, Jens Wiebe, Corrado Tamburino
BACKGROUND: Data on the clinical performance of bioresorbable scaffolds in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are still limited. The present study reported 1-year clinical outcomes associated with the use of everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (Absorb BVS; Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA) in DM patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a subanalysis from the GHOST-EU (Gauging coronary Healing with biOresorbable Scaffolding plaTforms in Europe) multicenter retrospective registry including patients treated with Absorb BVS between November 2011 and September 2014...
October 25, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065686/organocatalytic-enantioselective-michael-acetalization-henry-reaction-cascade-of-2-hydroxynitrostyrene-and-5-oxohexanal-for-the-entry-to-the-hexahydro-6h-benzo-c-chromenones-with-four-consecutive-stereogenic-centers-and-an-approach-to-aflatoxin-analogues
#8
Yu-You Hsieh, Arun Raja, Bor-Cherng Hong, Prakash Kotame, Wan-Chen Chang, Gene-Hsiang Lee
A domino reaction with the organocatalytic enantioselective Michael-acetalization-Henry reaction of 2-hydroxynitrostyrene and 5-oxohexanal was developed for the synthesis of hexahydro-6H-benzo[c]chromenones with four consecutive stereogenic centers and high enantioselectivity (up to >99% ee). The transformation of a NaBH4-reduced adduct to the aflatoxin system via the Nef-cyclization process was achieved by the assistant of ZnBr2.
November 7, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063512/brain-specific-hiv-nef-identified-in-multiple-patients-with-neurological-disease
#9
Susanna L Lamers, Gary B Fogel, Enoch S Liu, Andrew E Barbier, Christopher W Rodriguez, Elyse J Singer, David J Nolan, Rebecca Rose, Michael S McGrath
HIV-1 Nef is a flexible, multifunctional protein with several cellular targets that is required for pathogenicity of the virus. This protein maintains a high degree of genetic variation among intra- and inter-host isolates. HIV Nef is relevant to HIV-associated neurological diseases (HAND) in patients treated with combined antiretroviral therapy because of the protein's role in promoting survival and migration of infected brain macrophages. In this study, we analyzed 2020 HIV Nef sequences derived from 22 different tissues and 31 subjects using a novel computational approach...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061065/improving-the-potency-of-dna-vaccine-encoding-hiv-1-nef-antigen-using-two-endogenous-adjuvants-in-mouse-model
#10
B S Jafarzade, S M Sadat, R Yaghobi, A Bolhassani
BACKGROUND: DNA immunization can induce long-term immune responses, which are required to design an effective HIV vaccine. It was shown that antigen-expressing plasmids can increase the protective immunity against infectious diseases such as: influenza and malaria. However, DNA-based immunizations have poor immunogenicity, thus the use of potent immunoadjuvants can enhance their potency. METHODS: In the current study, preparation of the recombinant HIV-1 Nef, Gp96 and HMGB1 DNA constructs was performed in bacterial system...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052748/-heart-valve-disesases-how-sufficient-is-the-knowledge-of-the-german-population
#11
L Gaede, J Blumenstein, C Liebetrau, O Dörr, W-K Kim, C Hamm, A Elsässer, H Nef, H Möllmann
To evaluate the awareness and knowledge of the German population regarding diseases in general, a survey of 1446 people aged 60 years or older was conducted in 14 German towns. The focus was on heart valve diseases with special emphasis on aortic valve stenosis (AS). While cancer was the disease that respondents were most concerned about (25.2%), only 3.3% were concerned about heart valve diseases. In this respect, the knowledge was broadly limited: only 7.4% of participants claimed to have some familiarity with heart valve diseases and only 12...
October 20, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046444/relative-resistance-of-mhc-b-to-nef-mediated-downregulation-is-conserved-among-primate-lentiviruses-and-influences-antiviral-t-cell-responses-in-hiv-1-infected-individuals
#12
Francis Mwimanzi, Mako Toyoda, Macdonald Mahiti, Jaclyn K Mann, Jeffrey N Martin, David Bangsberg, Mark A Brockman, Philip Goulder, Frank Kirchhoff, Zabrina L Brumme, Thumbi Ndung'u, Takamasa Ueno
Patient-derived HIV-1 subtype B Nef clones downregulate HLA-A more efficiently than HLA-B. However, it remains unknown whether this property is common to Nef proteins across primate lentiviruses, and how antiviral immune responses may be affected. We examined 263 Nef clones from diverse primate lentiviruses including different pandemic HIV-1 group M subtypes for their ability to downregulate MHC-A and MHC-B from the cell surface. Though lentiviral Nef proteins differed markedly in their absolute MHC-A and MHC-B downregulation abilities, all lentiviral Nef lineages downregulated MHC-A on average 11-32% more efficiently than MHC-B...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038450/visuo-acoustic-stimulation-that-helps-you-to-relax-a-virtual-reality-setup-for-patients-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#13
Stephan M Gerber, Marie-Madlen Jeitziner, Patric Wyss, Alvin Chesham, Prabitha Urwyler, René M Müri, Stephan M Jakob, Tobias Nef
After prolonged stay in an intensive care unit (ICU) patients often complain about cognitive impairments that affect health-related quality of life after discharge. The aim of this proof-of-concept study was to test the feasibility and effects of controlled visual and acoustic stimulation in a virtual reality (VR) setup in the ICU. The VR setup consisted of a head-mounted display in combination with an eye tracker and sensors to assess vital signs. The stimulation consisted of videos featuring natural scenes and was tested in 37 healthy participants in the ICU...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036029/-anterior-skull-base-and-pericranial-flap-ossification-after-frontofacial-monobloc-advancement
#14
Anne Morice, Giovanna Paternoster, Agnès Ostertag, Syril James, Martine Cohen-Solal, Roman H Khonsari, Eric Arnaud
BACKGROUND: Frontofacial monobloc advancement (FFMBA) creates a communication between the anterior cranial fossa and nasal cavities. To tackle this issue, trans-orbital pericranial pedicled flaps (PF) are routinely performed in our center. This study aimed to assess the post-operative ossification of the anterior skull base and PF following FFMBA, and to identify factors influencing this ossification. METHODS: Measurements of the skull base only (SB) and of the ossified PF together with the SB (SB-OPF) were performed on CT scans at the naso-frontal (NF) and the naso-ethmoïdo-frontal (NEF) junctions...
October 12, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028477/modulation-of-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-by-the-hiv-2-envelope-glycoprotein-and-its-incomplete-bst-2-antagonism
#15
François E Dufrasne, Mara Lucchetti, Anandi Martin, Emmanuel André, Géraldine Dessilly, Benoit Kabamba, Patrick Goubau, Jean Ruelle
The HIVs have evolved by selecting means to hijack numerous host cellular factors. HIVs exploit the transcription factor NF-κB to ensure efficient LTR-driven gene transcription. However, NF-κB is primarily known to act as a key regulator of the proinflammatory and antiviral responses. Interestingly, retroviruses activate NF-κB during early stages of infection to initiate proviral genome expression while suppressing it at later stages to restrain expression of antiviral genes. During HIV-1 infection, diverse viral proteins such as Env, Nef and Vpr have been proposed to activate NF-κB activity, whereas Vpu has been shown to inhibit NF-κB activation...
October 10, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984461/multiple-physical-time-scales-and-dead-time-rule-in-few-nanometers-sized-graphene-siox-graphene-memristors
#16
László Pósa, Maria El Abbassi, Péter Makk, Botond Sánta, Cornelia Nef, Miklós Csontos, Michel Calame, András Halbritter
The resistive switching behavior in SiOx-based phase change memory devices confined by few nanometer wide graphene nanogaps is investigated. Our experiments and analysis reveal that the switching dynamics is not only determined by the commonly observed bias voltage dependent set and reset times. We demonstrate that an internal time scale, the dead time, plays a fundamental role in the system's response to various driving signals. We associate the switching behavior with the formation of microscopically distinct SiOx amorphous and crystalline phases between the graphene electrodes...
October 12, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972547/human-immunodeficiency-virus-proteins-mimic-human-t-cell-receptors-inducing-cross-reactive-antibodies
#17
Robert Root-Bernstein
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) hides from the immune system in part by mimicking host antigens, including human leukocyte antigens. It is demonstrated here that HIV also mimics the V-β-D-J-β of approximately seventy percent of about 600 randomly selected human T cell receptors (TCR). This degree of mimicry is greater than any other human pathogen, commensal or symbiotic organism studied. These data suggest that HIV may be evolving into a commensal organism just as simian immunodeficiency virus has done in some types of monkeys...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972405/staying-in-the-game-a-pilot-study-examining-the-efficacy-of-protective-headgear-in-an-animal-model-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-mtbi
#18
Sydney Candy, Irene Ma, Jill M McMahon, Michael Farrell, Richelle Mychasiuk
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Rugby is one of the few contact sports that do not mandate protective headgear, possibly because studies have shown poor efficacy for protection related to concussion pathology with existing headguards. RESEARCH DESIGN: Following innovative material technology utilization to produce headgear believed to have protective capabilities, this study examined the effects of a soft-shell headgear constructed from a novel viscoelastic material, on both behaviour and serum biomarkers after high and average impact force mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI)...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968792/control-of-hiv-1-by-an-hla-b-52-01-c-12-02-protective-haplotype
#19
Takayuki Chikata, Hayato Murakoshi, Madoka Koyanagi, Kazutaka Honda, Hiroyuki Gatanaga, Shinichi Oka, Masafumi Takiguchi
HLA-B*52:01-C*12:02, which is found in approximately 20 % of all Japanese, is well known to be associated with ulcerative colitis and Takayasu arteritis. This haplotype is also known to be a protective one in HIV-1-infective individuals. Recent studies showed that HLA-B*52:01-restricted HIV-1-specific T cells suppress HIV-1 and that HLA-C*12:02 together with KIR2DL2 play an important role in NK cell-mediated control of HIV-1. However, the role of HLA-C*12:02-restricted CTLs in suppression of HIV-1 replication remains unknown...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963581/pacemaker-implantation-after-tavi-predictors-of-av-block-persistence
#20
Luise Gaede, Won-Keun Kim, Christoph Liebetrau, Oliver Dörr, Johannes Sperzel, Johannes Blumenstein, Alexander Berkowitsch, Thomas Walther, Christian Hamm, Albrecht Elsässer, Holger Nef, Helge Möllmann
AIMS: Approximately every fifth patient undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) requires a permanent pacemaker (PPM) after the procedure. The aim of this study was to analyse predictors of atrioventricular block III° (AVBIII) persistence with concurrent PPM dependency after TAVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2010 and 2015 a total of 1198 patients underwent TAVI at the Kerckhoff Heart and Thorax Center, Germany. After exclusion of patients with prior PPM (n = 173) 14...
September 29, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
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