keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Oral mucosa

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646601/autophagy-activation-is-required-for-myofibroblasts-differentiation-during-healing-of-oral-mucosa
#1
Enrica Vescarelli, Andrea Pilloni, Francesco Dominici, Paola Pontecorvi, Antonio Angeloni, Antonella Polimeni, Simona Ceccarelli, Cinzia Marchese
AIM: It is known that periodontal tissues heal faster that skin, and gingiva in particular heal without scar formation. The mechanisms regulating this behavior are still unclear. The aim of our work is to compare wound healing in oral mucosa and gingiva, investigating the role of αSMA-expressing myofibroblasts and autophagy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Biopsies were obtained from 7 patients immediately before and 24h after vertical releasing incision in oral mucosa and attached gingiva...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645296/myd88-dependent-pro-interleukin-1%C3%AE-induction-in-dendritic-cells-exposed-to-food-grade-synthetic-amorphous-silica
#2
Hans Christian Winkler, Julian Kornprobst, Peter Wick, Lea Maria von Moos, Ioannis Trantakis, Elisabeth Maria Schraner, Barbara Bathke, Hubertus Hochrein, Mark Suter, Hanspeter Naegeli
BACKGROUND: Dendritic cells (DCs) are specialized first-line sensors of foreign materials invading the organism. These sentinel cells rely on pattern recognition receptors such as Nod-like or Toll-like receptors (TLRs) to launch immune reactions against pathogens, but also to mediate tolerance to self-antigens and, in the intestinal milieu, to nutrients and commensals. Since inappropriate DC activation contributes to inflammatory diseases and immunopathologies, a key question in the evaluation of orally ingested nanomaterials is whether their contact with DCs in the intestinal mucosa disrupts this delicate homeostatic balance between pathogen defense and tolerance...
June 23, 2017: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643759/overall-treatment-duration-with-multimodality-treatment-approach-and-outcome-results-in-oral-cavity-carcinoma-a-study-from-an-institute-from-central-india
#3
Vandana Jain, Digpal Dharkar, Hamsa Nandini, Shailendra M Jain
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: To see the different age groups, gender, sites, disease stage, treatment outcome of various oral cavity sites carcinoma by combined modalities and the overall treatment duration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 212 oral cavity carcinoma patients (169 males and 43 females) with complete records (from September 2009 to December 2012) were analyzed for age, sex, histopathology, associated medical illnesses, various subsites with disease stage, various treatment modalities with the duration and follow-up records for disease control as well as disease failure at local, nodal, local + nodal, and distant metastasis...
April 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643319/-progress-of-the-application-of-optical-coherence-tomography-in-gastrointestinal-tumor-surgery
#4
Yongsheng Li, Hao Liu, Haipeng Huang, Yu Zhu, Haijun Deng, Jiang Yu, Site Luo, Li Huo, Li Lin, Huikai Xie, Guoxin Li
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a real-time, cross-sectional optical imaging technology. It is analogous to ultrasonography, except that OCT uses light waves instead of sound waves, and can provide three-dimensional morphological images of living tissues with a micrometer resolution. Through the use of endoscopes, needles, catheters and laparoscopes, OCT has demonstrated tremendous imaging potential in tumor surgery. The current studies suggest that OCT has potential for clinical applications in the following fields of gastrointestinal tumor surgery: (1) Early tumor detection and diagnosis: OCT can distinguish differences between polyp tissue, normal tissue and malignant tissue...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642555/chlorhexidine-mouthwash-plaque-levels-and-gingival-health
#5
Derek Richards
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health's Trials Register; Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) Medline; clinicaltrials.gov and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. There were no language or date restrictions on searches.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of chlorhexidine mouthrinse used as an adjunct to mechanical oral hygiene procedures for at least four weeks on gingivitis in children and adults.Data extraction and synthesisTwo reviewers independently abstracted data and assessed risk of bias...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641636/-short-and-long-term-clinical-efficacy-of-imrt-and-crt-for-treatment-of-patients-with-enktl
#6
Jian-Xiong Cui, Wu-Hua Lin
OBJECTIVE: To compare the short and long term clinical efficacy for treatment of patients with extranodal nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma(ENKTL) by intensity modulated radiotherapy(IMRT) and conventional radiotheraphy(CRT). METHODS: Sixty-three cases of early ENKTL were divided into the IMRT group of (33 cases) and CRT group(30 cases). The short effects, overall survival(OS) of 3 years, progression free survival(PFS) of 3 years, acute radiation injury and late adverse reactions to radiation were compared between 2 group...
June 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641206/efficacy-of-surgical-laser-therapy-in-the-management-of-oral-pigmented-lesions-a-systematic-review
#7
Tariq Abduljabbar, Fahim Vohra, Zohaib Akram, Siti Mariam Ab Ghani, Nawwaf Al-Hamoudi, Fawad Javed
BACKGROUND: Oral pigmentation, especially in the gingiva poses esthetic problems. Laser therapy has been widely used for cosmetic therapy in dentistry. The aim of the present study was to systematically review the efficacy of surgical laser therapy (SLT) in the management of oral pigmented lesions (OPL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The addressed focused question was "Is SLT effective in the management of OPL?" Databases (MEDLINE via PubMed; EMBASE; Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register databases) were searched from 1970 up to and including February 2017...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641076/elevated-cd26-expression-by-skin-fibroblasts-distinguishes-a-profibrotic-phenotype-involved-in-scar-formation-compared-to-gingival-fibroblasts
#8
Wesley Mah, Guoqiao Jiang, Dylan Olver, Corrie Gallant-Behm, Colin Wiebe, David A Hart, Leeni Koivisto, Hannu Larjava, Lari Häkkinen
Compared to skin, wound healing in oral mucosa is faster and produces less scarring, but the mechanisms involved are incompletely understood. Studies in mice have linked high expression of CD26 to a profibrotic fibroblast phenotype, but this has not been tested in models more relevant for humans. We hypothesized that CD26 is highly expressed by human skin fibroblasts (SFBLs), and this associates with a profibrotic phenotype distinct from gingival fibroblasts (GFBLs). We compared CD26 expression in human gingiva and skin and in gingival and hypertrophic-like scar-forming skin wound healing in a pig model, and used three-dimensional cultures of human GFBLs and SFBLs...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639684/pyostomatitis-vegetans-zahlreiche-blassgelbe-punkte-auf-entz%C3%A3-ndlich-rotem-grund
#9
Gösta Bethke, Gudrun Bethke, Matthias Prager, Peter Purucker
Pyostomatitis vegetans is a disease of the gingiva and the oral mucosa with noticeable, uncommon morphology. Clinical characteristics of this rare disease and considerations regarding differential diagnosis are described. Pyostomatitis vegetans is frequently associated with chronic inflammatory bowel diseases and can, thus, give a diagnostic hint at an existing ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease. A therapy plan for pyostomatitis vegetans is presented, which led to remission using local treatment only. The follow-up examination after one year showed that the treatment outcome had remained stable...
2017: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638553/a-review-of-640-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cases-in-nigeria
#10
Ahmed-Oluwatoyin Lawal, Akinyele-Olumuyiwa Adisa, Olajumoke-Ajibola Effiom
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most prevalent malignant neoplasm in the oral cavity and accounts for 70% to 90% of all oral malignant neoplasms. The aim of this study was to examine the demographic distribution of OSCC in five Tertiary Health centres in Nigeria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All cases diagnosed as OSCC during the period from 1970 -2014 were retrieved from the records of five teaching hospitals in Nigeria. Hematoxylin and eosin stained histological slides of all cases that had a diagnosis of OSCC were reviewed for confirmation and inclusion...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631912/-results-of-urethral-reconstruction-in-adults-after-multiple-hypospadias-repairs
#11
S I Gamidov, M G Shneiderman, D Yu Pushkar, A O Vasil'ev, A V Govorov, R I Ovchinnikov, A Yu Popova, R D Dusmukhamedov
AIM: To improve treatment results in patients after multiple hypospadias repairs by optimizing the postoperative management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-two patients (mean age 48.1+/-15.3 years) with urethral strictures secondary to failed hypospadias repairs underwent staged graft urethroplasty using oral mucosa (cheek, lip, tongue) as a grafting material. In 62 patients, at the end of surgery the bladder was drained with a standard Foley catheter. In twenty patients the bladder was drained with a modified silicone urethral catheter, which had an additional channel for delivering drugs and removing the urethral wound effluent, and a second additional channel for inflating a balloon fixed to the catheter tube at different parts of the catheter...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631549/comparison-of-histological-and-proliferation-features-of-canine-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-based-on-intraoral-location-36-cases
#12
Lisa A Mestrinho, Hugo Pissarra, Sandra Carvalho, Maria C Peleteiro, Jerzy Gawor, Maria M R E Niza
Grade and labeling indices for immunohistochemical tumor proliferation markers Ki-67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were evaluated in 36 cases of canine oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) based upon intraoral location. Grade was significantly associated with location ( P = .035). Grade II tumors were most frequently diagnosed. Grade I tumors were identified in the gingiva and the buccal mucosa, and grade III tumors were seen in the gingiva and the tonsillar region. Animals with tumors arising from the tonsils and of the tongue tended to be older ( P = ...
June 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629420/comparison-of-the-effects-of-platelet-rich-or-growth-factor-rich-plasma-on-intestinal-anastomosis-healing-in-pigs
#13
Gessica Giusto, Cristina Vercelli, Selina Iussich, Massimiliano Tursi, Giovanni Perona, Marco Gandini
BACKGROUND: The use of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) has been proposed for the treatment of several acute and chronic syndromes, such as corneal epithelial defects and dry eye syndrome, gum bleeding during oral surgery, and in orthopaedic surgery. We hypothesized that PRGF, rather than PRP, could be more effective because of its intrinsic characteristics in promoting the healing of intestinal anastomosis. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate and compare the effects of PRP and PRGF on various parameters of anastomotic healing in a swine model...
June 19, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629401/odontogenic-orbital-cellulitis-associated-with-cavernous-sinus-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#14
D Allegrini, S Reposi, E Nocerino, A Pece
BACKGROUND: This case illustrates the importance of prompt assessment and treatment of orbital cellulitis. In fact the ocular signs and symptoms may be associated with systemic complications which should be investigated and identified as soon as possible to avoid a poor prognosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 46-year-old white woman presented to our emergency room with proptosis, ophthalmoplegia, and conjunctival chemosis of her left eye. An ophthalmologist, having diagnosed orbital cellulitis in her left eye, suspected a cavernous sinus thrombosis...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629000/formulation-and-in-vitro-efficacy-of-antifungal-mucoadhesive-polymeric-matrices-for-the-delivery-of-miconazole-nitrate
#15
G Tejada, G N Piccirilli, M Sortino, C J Salomón, M C Lamas, D Leonardi
Oral candidiasis is the most common opportunistic infection affecting patients with the human immunodeficiency virus. Miconazole buccal tablets or miconazole gel are approved for the treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis. However, buccal films present more flexibility and also offer protection for the wounded mucosa, reducing pain. Due to their small size and thickness, buccal films may improve patients' compliance, compared to tablets. Additionally, they may increase the relatively short residence time on the mucosa of oral gels, which are easily removed by saliva...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628661/elimination-of-persistent-vaccine-bacteria-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium-in-the-guts-of-immunized-mice-by-inducible-expression-of-truncated-ynce
#16
Yiran Wang, Jianhua Li, Kun Xiong, Zhijin Chen, Chunping Zheng, Yong Tan, Yanguang Cong
Orally administered vaccine bacteria usually persist for a period of time in the intestinal tracts of immunized individuals, and are excreted in feces to the environment resulting in a potential biosafety issue. The releasing risk can be minimized by immediate elimination of the persistent vaccine bacteria once adequate protective immune responses have been elicited by the vaccine bacteria. In a previous study, inducible expression of truncated yncE gene (yncE*) was found lethal to host bacteria. This feature has an application potential in biosafety control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628354/soft-tissue-enhancement-and-implant-placement-following-partial-mandibulectomy-due-to-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#17
Fabio Bernardello, Giampietro Bertasi, Ralph Mackey Powers, Sergio Spinato, Andrea Viaggi, Jimmie Bullock, Pietro Felice
Many dental procedures allow for implant placement in partially or totally edentulous patients. Despite the availability of various implant and abutment types on the market, it often becomes quite challenging to achieve the biological and esthetic goals in a patient who has ridge deficiencies. Where problems will arise is from the lack of adequate bone quality and quantity.1,2 Soft tissue form and maintenance is also a consideration to evaluate.3 Primary reconstructive techniques following segmental mandibulectomy is evolving and improves quality of life...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627070/lack-of-immunogenicity-of-hydrolysed-wheat-flour-in-patients-with-coeliac-disease-after-a-short-term-oral-challenge
#18
R Mandile, S Picascia, C Parrella, A Camarca, M Gobbetti, L Greco, R Troncone, C Gianfrani, R Auricchio
BACKGROUND: A gluten-free diet is currently the only reliable therapeutic strategy that is approved for coeliac disease (CD). For many patients, however, compliance remains inadequate. AIM: To investigate the immunogenicity of wheat flour that was pre-treated with selected lactobacilli and fungal proteases (hydrolysed wheat gluten) in coeliac patients. METHODS: The immunogenicity of hydrolysed wheat gluten was evaluated both in vitro in intestinal T cell lines (TCLs) and in vivo in treated CD patients after a short-term gluten challenge...
June 19, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626935/editorial-comment-to-substitution-urethroplasty-using-oral-mucosa-graft-for-male-anterior-urethral-stricture-disease-current-topics-and-reviews
#19
Katsumi Shigemura, Masato Fujisawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626895/khat-chewing-habit-produces-a-significant-adverse-effect-on%C3%A2-periodontal-oral-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
M S Al-Akhali, E A Al-Moraissi
Although there is a general agreement that a khat chewing habit produces clinicopathological changes in the oral mucosa. However there is no reliable evidence of the effects of a khat chewing habit on the periodontal tissues. Thus, authors aimed to investigate the influence of khat chewing habits on periodontal, oral health, by comparing khat chewers to non-chewers in respect of gingival recession, periodontal pocketing depth and loss of attachment. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
keyword
keyword
60038
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"