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R Seebaluck, A Gurib-Fakim, F Mahomoodally
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Acalypha is the fourth largest genus of the Euphorbiaceae family with approximately 450-570 species. Several Acalypha species are used as medicinal plants in Africa and in the Mascarene Islands. Almost every part of the plant including the leaves, stem and roots are used as traditional remedies to treat and manage a panoply of ailments. However, there is no updated compilation of traditionally important medicinal plants from the Acalypha genus. The present review therefore, endeavors to provide for the first time an updated compilation of documented ethnopharmacological information in relation to the ethnomedicinal, ethnoveterinary, zoopharmacognosy, phytochemistry and biological activities of medicinal plants from the Acalypha genus which can subsequently open new perspectives for further pharmacological research...
January 15, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
O I Smian, V A Horbas', T P Bynda, O P Moshchych, P I Sichnenko, O K Romaniuk, O H Vasyl'ieva, A O Potapova
The article analyzed 60 patients with community-aquired pneumonia from ages 6 to 18 years. The dependences of trace levels of zinc and copper in the serum of these children on the activity of the inflammatory process. Analysis of survey results showed that in children with community-aquired pneumonia was observed imbalance of trace elements Zn, Cu. Severity of such violations depended mainly on severity disease and to a lesser extent on age. Normalization of detected metabolic microelement content in a period of convalescence practically advancing...
April 2012: Likars'ka Sprava
S Nakhare, S C Garg
The essential oil from the rhizomes of Pavonia odorata Willd was extracted in an yield of 0.2% by hydrodistillation, and screened for antibacterial and antifungal activity against ten bacteria and thirteen fungi using paper disc agar diffusion technique. The oil was found to inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Diplococcus pheumoniae, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella sp at 0.55 concentration. The oil was also found to inhibit the growth of keratinophilic fungi Trichophyton mentagreophytes and Chrysosporium indicum along with Aspergillus sp...
July 1992: Ancient Science of Life
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1965: Acta Pathologica et Microbiologica Scandinavica
S L Kaplan, L Patterson, K M Edwards, P H Azimi, J S Bradley, J L Blumer, T Q Tan, F G Lobeck, D C Anderson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety, tolerance, pharmacokinetics and efficacy of linezolid, a new oxazolidinone antibiotic in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in hospitalized children. DESIGN: A Phase II, open label multicenter study of intravenous linezolid followed by oral linezolid suspension, both at a dose of 10 mg/kg every 12 h. Efficacy was assessed at 7 to 14 days after the last dose of linezolid. PATIENTS: Children 12 months to 17 years old with community-acquired pneumonia admitted to the hospital of 14 participating centers...
May 2001: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
M Hotomi, K Ubukata, M Konno, T Samukawa, J Shimada, M Suzumoto, N Yamanaka
Streptococcus Pneumoniae is a leading cause of acute otitis media (AOM). For most AOM caused by S. pneumoniae, penicillin is the antibiotic of choice. However, there are some recent reports of clinical resistance to penicillin by S. pneumoniae. The sequences of penicillin binding protein, pbpla, pbp2b and pbp2x, genes of penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae (PRSP) were more highly divergent than those of penicillin-succeptible S. pneumoniae (PSSP). The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) can easily determine whether an S...
July 1998: Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho
J T Lin, V Stewart
Klebsiella pneumoniae can use nitrate and nitrite as sole nitrogen sources during aerobic growth. Nitrate is converted through nitrite to ammonium by assimilatory nitrate and nitrite reductase, respectively. Enzymes required for nitrate assimilation are encoded by the nasFEDCBA operon of K. pneumoniae; nasF operon expression is subject to both general nitrogen control and pathway-specific nitrate/nitrite induction, mediated by the NtrC and NasR proteins, respectively. Sequence inspection revealed a presumptive sigmaN (sigma54)-dependent promoter as well as two presumptive upstream NtrC protein binding sites...
March 1, 1996: Journal of Molecular Biology
A B Cohen, M J Cline
Human alveolar macrophages were lavaged from surgically resected lungs and from lungs of normal subjects. Macrophages that had been purified by glass adherence were maintained in tissue culture for as long as 54 days. After 3-4 wk in vitro they underwent transformation into multinucleated giant cells. These aged cells had more than 30 times the phagocytic capacity that the same group of cells had had after 1 day in vitro. Phagocytosis of heat-killed Candida albicans was inhibited by iodoacetate, sodium fluoride, potassium cyanide, and low partial pressures of oxygen, suggesting that these cells require both oxidative and glycolytic energy sources for maximal particle ingestion...
July 1971: Journal of Clinical Investigation
G Biberfeld, G Sterner
The effect of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection on cell-mediated immunity was examined by two methods: the first method was the tuberculin skin test and the other was the measurement of the in vitro lymphocyte stimulation response to purified protein derivative (PPD) of tuberculin. Twenty-nine patients out of a total of 47 patients with a lower respiratory tract illness caused by M. pneumoniae had a negative tuberculin skin test when first tested. Twenty-three out of 26 patients with a negative tuberculin reaction in the early phase of the illness had a positive skin test when they were retested several weeks or months after the illness...
1976: Infection
M B Orringer, H Sloan
Blunt esophagectomy without thoracotomy has been performed in 26 patients: four with benign disease and 22 with carcinomas involving various levels of the esophagus (10 cervicothoracic, one upper third, five middle third, and six distal third). Continuity of the alimentary tract was restored by anastomosing the pharynx or cervical esophagus either to stomach (19 patients) or to a colonic graft (seven patients). Esophageal resection and reconstruction were performed in a single stage in 25 patients, and the esophageal substitute was positioned in the posterior mediastinum in the original esophageal bed in 24 patients...
November 1978: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
D N Mohr, D J Feist, J A Washington, P E Hermans
Although a common cause of infection in animals, group C streptococci are rarely noted to be pathogenic in man. A total of 150,000 blood cultures obtained at the Mayo Clinic from 1968 to 1977 revealed group C streptococci in only eight patients. Acute bacterial endocarditis, meningitis, pheumonia, cellulitis and bacteremia due to group C streptococci are described in a host who had undergone immunosuppression (immunosuppressed host), and the relatively few cases previously reported are reviewed. Although severe, these infections may respond favorably to penicillin therapy...
March 1979: American Journal of Medicine
V F Shemishov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1979: Pediatriia
D Pikacha, S Naraqi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1978: Papua and New Guinea Medical Journal
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