Read by QxMD icon Read


Chris Durkin, Travis Schisler, Jens Lohser
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite marked improvements in perioperative outcomes, esophagectomy continues to be a high-risk operation associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Progress has been achieved through evidence-based changes in preoperative optimization, intraoperative ventilation strategies, fluid therapy, and analgesia, as well as expedited postoperative recovery pathways. This review will summarize the recent literature on the anesthetic management of patients undergoing esophageal resection...
October 18, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Alain de Chambrier, Carlos Daniel Pinacho-Pinacho, Jesus Servando Hernà Ndez-Orts, Tomà ŠScholz
Cichlidocestus n. gen. is proposed to accommodate 2 new species of proteocephalidean cestodes, Cichlidocestus gillesi n. sp. from Cichlasoma amazonarum in Peru Amazonia (type species) and Cichlidocestus janikae n. sp. from Hypsophrys nicaraguensis (all Perciformes: Cichlidae) in Costa Rica. The new genus is unique among all but 1 proteocephalidean genera in the position of the ovary that occupies the middle and posterior thirds of proglottids (versus the ovary in the posterior third of proglottids near their posterior margin in all but 1 remaining taxa)...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Parasitology
Yueran Yang, Max Guyll, Stephanie Madon
This article presents a new model of confessions referred to as the interrogation decision-making model. This model provides a theoretical umbrella with which to understand and analyze suspects' decisions to deny or confess guilt in the context of a custodial interrogation. The model draws upon expected utility theory to propose a mathematical account of the psychological mechanisms that not only underlie suspects' decisions to deny or confess guilt at any specific point during an interrogation, but also how confession decisions can change over time...
October 20, 2016: Law and Human Behavior
Orjan Skogar, Johan Lokk
This review focuses on the diagnosis and management of Parkinson-related pain which is one of the more frequently reported nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD), which is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer's disease. Pain is ranked high by patients as a troublesome symptom in all stages of the disease. In early-stage PD, pain is rated as the most bothersome symptom. Knowledge of the correct diagnosis of pain origin and possible methods of treatments for pain relief in PD is of great importance...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
J E Truscott, H C Turner, S H Farrell, R M Anderson
Infections caused by soil-transmitted helminthias (STHs) affect over a billion people worldwide, causing anaemia and having a large social and economic impact through poor educational outcomes. They are identified in the World Health Organization (WHO) 2020 goals for neglected tropical diseases as a target for renewed effort to ameliorate their global public health burden through mass drug administration (MDA) and water and hygiene improvement. In this chapter, we review the underlying biology and epidemiology of the three causative intestinal nematode species that are mostly considered under the STH umbrella term...
2016: Advances in Parasitology
Agathe D Jadczak, Naresh Makwana, Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh, Renuka Visvanathan, Timothy J Schultz
The objectives of this umbrella review are to determine the effectiveness of exercise interventions, alone or in combination with other interventions, for improving physical function in community-dwelling older people who are identified as frail or at risk of frailty, and to identify if any particular intervention type or characteristic is the most effective.Specifically, the review question is: What is the effectiveness of exercise interventions, alone or in combination with other interventions, for improving physical function in community-dwelling older people identified as frail or at risk of frailty?...
September 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Li Kheng Chai, Tracy Burrows, Chris May, Katherine Brain, Denise Wong See, Clare Collins
The main objective of this umbrella review is to identify the effectiveness of family-based interventions that target overweight or obesity in children aged 18 years and under. The umbrella review intends to compare and summarize existing systematic reviews of experimental studies that address a range of family-based interventions for overweight children. Family-based is defined as the involvement of first- or second-degree relatives or carers who are cohabiting under one roof. The second objective of this umbrella review is to identify strategies that are effective in improving children's body weight or body mass index (primary outcomes) and, where applicable, changes in child/family behavior, including dietary intake or physical activity...
September 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Rachelle M Duvall, Russell W Long, Melinda R Beaver, Keith G Kronmiller, Michael L Wheeler, James J Szykman
This study reports on the performance of electrochemical-based low-cost sensors and their use in a community application. CairClip sensors were collocated with federal reference and equivalent methods and operated in a network of sites by citizen scientists (community members) in Houston, Texas and Denver, Colorado, under the umbrella of the NASA-led DISCOVER-AQ Earth Venture Mission. Measurements were focused on ozone (O₃) and nitrogen dioxide (NO₂). The performance evaluation showed that the CairClip O₃/NO₂ sensor provided a consistent measurement response to that of reference monitors (r² = 0...
October 13, 2016: Sensors
Jane Landon, Tim Lobstein, Fiona Godfrey, Paula Johns, Chris Brookes, David Jernigan
Background and aims The 2011 UN Summit on Non-Communicable Disease failed to call for global action on alcohol marketing despite calls in the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Action Plan on Non-Communicable Diseases 2013-20 to restrict or ban alcohol advertising. In this paper we ask what it might take to match the global approach to tobacco enshrined in the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), and suggest that public health advocates can learn from the development of the FCTC and the Code of Marketing on infant formula milks and the recent recommendations on restricting food marketing to children...
October 18, 2016: Addiction
Vigneswaran Veeramuthu, Vairavan Narayanan, Norlisah Ramli, Aditya Hernowo, Vicknes Waran, Mark W Bondi, Lisa Delano-Wood, Dharmendra Ganesan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent of persistent neuropsychological impairment in patients with complicated versus uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). METHODS: 61 patients with mTBI (GCS 13 to 15) were prospectively recruited, categorized according to baseline CT findings, and underwent neuropsychological assessment at initial admission (n=61) as well as at 6 month follow-up (n=30). A paired t-test, Cohen's d effect size calculation, and repeated measure ANOVA were used to establish the differences between the groups in terms of their neuropsychological performance...
October 14, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Lukas Schwingshackl, Georg Hoffmann, Benjamin Missbach, Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Heiner Boeing
BACKGROUND: Nuts have been an indispensable component of the human diet for hundreds because of their unique nutrient composition and are thought to play a beneficial part in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent, validity and presence of evidence for studies investigating the impact of nuts intake on biomarkers of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular events, we performed an umbrella review of all published meta-analyses synthesizing data from both observational studies and randomized controlled trials...
October 10, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Mark Cropley, Fred R H Zijlstra, Dawn Querstret, Sarah Beck
Work-related rumination, that is, perseverative thinking about work during leisure time, has been associated with a range of negative health and wellbeing issues. The present paper examined the association between work-related rumination and cognitive processes centerd around the theoretical construct of executive functioning. Executive functioning is an umbrella term for high level cognitive processes such as planning, working memory, inhibition, mental flexibility; and it underlies how people manage and regulate their goal directed behavior...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
T J E M Bakker
There is much negative publicity about the health care for the frail elderly especially in nursing homes. However, in scientific research programs the results are also quite disappointing. We see a low percentage (< 50 %) of treatment fidelity in the intervention programs at stake. Research on the education content with respect to the frail elderly showed that this is very poor for every profession. From the perspective of formal education the professionals who provide treatment and care the frail elderly are relatively unqualified and incompetent...
October 2016: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
Jonas Geuens, Thijs Willem Swinnen, Rene Westhovens, Kurt de Vlam, Luc Geurts, Vero Vanden Abeele
BACKGROUND: Chronic arthritis (CA), an umbrella term for inflammatory rheumatic and other musculoskeletal diseases, is highly prevalent. Effective disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs for CA are available, with the exception of osteoarthritis, but require a long-term commitment of patients to comply with the medication regimen and management program as well as a tight follow-up by the treating physician and health professionals. Additionally, patients are advised to participate in physical exercise programs...
October 13, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
P S Sidhu
In these days of political vagueness, to use a kinder term, although many would describe the situation as turmoil, in Europe, there are success stories to be lauded. Notwithstanding the direction individual countries choose in relation to closer or not so close co-operation in Europe and the direction the political agenda will travel over the next few years, I believe science and in particular medicine has benefited enormously form close co-operation across the European Union and with colleagues outside this political and trading block of nations...
October 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Vinodhkumar Vijayakumar, Ramadoss Vijayaraj, Günther H Peters
The stability of cyclic peptide assemblies (CPs) forming a macromolecular nanotube structure was investigated in solvents of different polarity using computational methods. The stability and structure of the complexes were studied using traditional molecular dynamics (MD). Energy of dissociation was estimated from steered MD in combination with umbrella sampling simulations. A cyclic peptide nanotube (CPNT) was constructed by stacking of eight cyclo[(D-Trp-L-Gln-D-Trp-L-Glu)2], and hereafter is referred to as (WQWE)8...
November 2016: Journal of Molecular Modeling
L A Renfro, D J Sargent
In recent years, cancers once viewed as relatively homogeneous in terms of organ location and treatment strategy are now better understood to be increasingly heterogeneous across biomarker and genetically defined patient subgroups. This has produced a shift toward development of biomarker-targeted agents during a time when funding for cancer research has been limited; as a result, the need for improved operational efficiency in studying many agent-and-target combinations in parallel has emerged. Platform trials, basket trials, and umbrella trials are new approaches to clinical research driven by this need for enhanced efficiency in the modern era of increasingly specific cancer subpopulations and decreased resources to study treatments for individual cancer subtypes in a traditional way...
October 11, 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Xin Zhang, Benedikt Haas, Jean-Luc Rouvière, Eric Robin, Bruno Daudin
It is demonstrated that growing InGaN nanowires in metal-rich conditions on top of GaN nanowires results in a widening of the InGaN section. It is shown that the widening is eased by stacking faults (SFs) formation, revealing facets favorable to In incorporation. It is furthermore put in evidence that partial dislocations terminating SFs efficiently contribute to elastic strain relaxation. Indium accumulation on top of the InGaN section is found to result in an axial growth rate decrease, which has been assigned to increased N-N recombination and subsequent effective nitrogen flux decrease, eventually leading to the formation of InGaN nano-umbrellas/nanoplatelets...
November 11, 2016: Nanotechnology
Abishek Suresh, Andrew Hung
The α7 and α4β2 neuronal nicotinic receptors belonging to the family of ligand-gated ion channels are most prevalent in the brain, and are implicated in various neurodegenerative disorders. α-conotoxin GID (and its analogue [ϒ4E]GID) specifically inhibits these subtypes, with more affinity towards the human α7 (hα7) subtype, and is valuable in understanding the physiological roles of these receptors. In this study, we use umbrella-sampling molecular dynamics simulations to understand the mechanism of interaction between [ϒ4E]GID and the agonist binding pockets of the α4β2 and the hα7 receptors, and to estimate their relative binding affinities (ΔGbind)...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Heidarali Abedi, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Minoo Motaghi
BACKGROUND: Students' health and future health of the community are related to providing health care in schools and since in every society, different contextual factors affect this matter, the present study aims to recognize the factors influencing the health care elementary students are provided with. METHODS: This qualitative content analysis was performed in 2014 in Isfahan. This study was conducted on school health instructors of elementary schools. Through targeted sampling, 15 health care providers, two mothers and 3 principals from 23 elementary schools were selected...
October 2016: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"