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pneumomediastinum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759024/subcutaneous-emphysema-and-pneumomediastinum-after-eustachian-tube-balloon-dilation
#1
Ravi R Shah, William W Thomas, James G Naples, Michael J Ruckenstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757769/delayed-tension-pneumomediastinum-after-cardiac-surgery
#2
Michael W Wolfe, Joseph S Meltzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752202/extensive-subcutaneous-emphysema-pneumomediastinum-and-pneumorrhachis-following-third-molar-surgery
#3
Y B E Tay, W S Loh
Third molar extraction is a common procedure in dental surgery. Common complications that may occur post procedure include pain, trismus, bleeding, dry socket, and nerve injuries. Subcutaneous emphysema is an uncommon complication. A rare case of extensive cervicofacial subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum, and pneumorrhachis following third molar extraction is reported here. Issues relating to the diagnosis, aetiology, and management of these complications are discussed.
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737058/-risk-factors-of-respiratory-failure-in-the-dermatomyositis-patients-with-interstitial-lung-disease
#4
Su-Han Zhang, Yun Peng, Qi-Bing Xie, Geng Yin, Bing Yan
OBJECTIVE: To reveal the clinical features of respiratory failure (RF) in dermatomyositis (DM) patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD),and to explore risk factors of RF in these patients. METHODS: The medical data of 122 DM patients with ILD were retrospectively reviewed: 40 developed RF (RF group),82 did not develope RF (Non RF group). Clinical,laboratory and radiological variables were compared between RF patients and Non RF patients. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze risk factors of RF...
March 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715250/pneumoperitoneum
#5
Denise R Ramponi
Pneumoperitoneum, usually seen as free air under the diaphragm, is a finding that can be seen on plain abdominal radiographs, signifying a leakage of air, usually from a perforation in the gastrointestinal tract. There are several other potential pathways from other body compartments for air to enter the abdominal cavity. Pneumoperitoneum does not always signify bowel rupture, as it can also result from pneumomediastinum and pneumothorax, and in patients who are being mechanically ventilated. Patient history and physical examination can assist in a preliminary diagnosis before diagnostic imaging...
April 2018: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701374/bilateral-recurrent-spontaneous-pneumothorax-as-a-late-consequence-of-oesophageal-surgery-case-report
#6
Cristina Rodrigues, Daniel Cabral, Leonor Mota, António Bettencourt
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of a patient with recurrent bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax presumably originating in a left bulla. METHODS: A 68 year old male, was admitted to the emergency department with shortness of breath and bilateral chest pain. He had had oesophageal cancer resection 2 years before, with a posterior mediastinal reconstruction using a gastric tube. Afterwards he had to be operated twice for hiatal hernia. RESULTS: Bilateral chest tubes were inserted, with complete resolution in 72 hours...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692541/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-pneumothorax-pneumorrhachis-pneumoretroperitoneum-surgical-emphysema
#7
Bogala Shilpa, Rashmi Sudhir, M V T Krishna Mohan, Veeraiah Koppula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687275/pneumomediastinum-and-pneumopericardium-following-blunt-thoracic-trauma-much-ado-about-nothing
#8
David James Jackson Muckart, Timothy Craig Hardcastle, David Lee Skinner
PURPOSE: Pneumomediastinum is the hallmark of intrathoracic aerodigestive trauma, but rare following blunt injury. AIM: review of blunt thoracic trauma (BTC) for the incidence and outcome of patients with pneumomediastinum or pneumopericardium (PM/PC) on Computerised Tomographic scanning. METHODS: Admissions to the level I trauma ICU at IALCH, Durban, ZA following BTC from April 2007 to March 2014. Patients with Chest-CT-scan were analysed...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685475/iatrogenic-tracheal-rupture-caused-by-emergency-intubation-a-case-report
#9
Christopher Schaeffer, Thomas Galas, Bettina Teruzzi, Jerome Sudrial, Nicolas Allou, Olivier Martinet
BACKGROUND: Iatrogenic tracheal rupture is a rare but life-threatening complication. If suspected by clinical examination or chest radiograph, a computed tomography scan can confirm the diagnosis, but the criterion standard is a bronchoscopy. There is no consensus on its management. CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old woman was intubated in a prehospital setting after cardiac arrest. A gradual appearance of subcutaneous emphysema was observed after intubation. A computed tomography scan revealed a complicated tracheal rupture, pneumomediastinum, and pneumothorax...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685465/concurrent-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-and-pneumorrhachis
#10
Alexander J Heckman, Michael Mohseni, Armando Villanueva, Jennifer B Cowart, Charles G Graham
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum with concurrent pneumorrhachis (air in the spinal canal) and subcutaneous emphysema can be an alarming presentation, both clinically and radiographically. These clinical entities often require only conservative measures after ruling out any worrisome underlying causes. Management often involves appropriate imaging, hospital admission, and sub-specialty consultation as needed to help determine any potential causes for the presentation that may require anything more than a period of medical observation...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674403/unexpected-case-of-pneumomediastinum-and-subcutaneous-emphysema-primary-or-secondary-aetiology
#11
Amanda J L Cheng, Timothy J Sadler
A 77-year-old man was admitted with a relapse of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-positive vasculitis with pulmonary involvement and acute kidney injury. There was a background of pulmonary fibrosis (non-specific interstitial pneumonia type pattern) and superadded pulmonary haemorrhage, acute pulmonary oedema and sepsis. The patient was intubated for 4 days and remained dependent on high flow oxygen and continuous positive airway pressure after extubation. A chest radiograph performed 2 weeks after extubation demonstrated unexpected, extensive pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665800/mda-5-associated-rapidly-progressive-interstitial-lung-disease-with-recurrent-pneumothoraces-a-case-report
#12
Safi Alqatari, Peter Riddell, Sinead Harney, Michael Henry, Grainne Murphy
BACKGROUND: Clinically hypomyopathic dermatomyositis is a rare disease that is important to recognize, investigate and treat early as it is associated with poor prognosis. In a proportion of patients, myositis specific antibodies could be negative, but with high clinical suspicion, myositis associated antibodies should be ordered. Anti-MDA-5 antibodies was reported in literature to be associated with severe and rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease, with few case reports of pneumothorax and/or pneumomediastinum...
April 17, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651817/two-cases-of-chloromethylisothiazolinone-and-methylisothiazolinone-associated-toxic-lung-injury
#13
Eun Lee, Seung Kook Son, Jisun Yoon, Hyun Ju Cho, Song I Yang, Sungsu Jung, Kyung Hyun Do, Young Ah Cho, So Yeon Lee, Dong Uk Park, Soo Jong Hong
Previous animal studies have not conclusively determined the association between exposure to humidifier disinfectants (HDs) containing 5-chloro-2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (CMIT) and/or 2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (MIT) and development of HD-associated lung injuries. Nonetheless, patients exposed to HDs containing only CMIT and/or MIT showed clinically similar lung injuries to those exposed to HDs containing polyhexamethylene guanidine (PHMG) or oligo (2-[2-ethoxy]ethoxyethyl) guanidinium chloride (PGH)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628860/pneumomediastinum-following-iatrogenic-pharyngeal-perforation-during-tracheoesophageal-fistula-repair
#14
Deepak Dwivedi, Jeetinder Makkar, Ridhima Sharma, Anudeep Jafra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627778/bilateral-pneumothorax-surgical-emphysema-and-pneumomediastinum-in-a-young-male-patient-following-mdma-intake
#15
Nonyelum Evangeline Obiechina, Ahrane Jayakumar, Yusra Khan, James Bass
MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) or 'Ecstasy' is an illicit drug frequently used by young people at parties and 'raves'. It is readily available in spite of the fact that it is illegal.1 It is perceived by a lot of young people as being 'harmless', but there have been a few high-profile deaths associated with its use.2 Known side effects of MDMA include hyperthermia, rhabdomyolysis, coagulopathy and cardiac arrhythmias.3 Rarer side effects include surgical emphysema and pneumomediastinum, which have been better described with cocaine abuse...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616239/cricopharyngeal-myotomy-with-thulium-laser-through-flexible-endoscopy-proof-of-concept-study
#16
Stefano Siboni, Alberto Aiolfi, Chiara Ceriani, Gian Eugenio Tontini, Luigi Bonavina
Background and study aims : Endoscopic treatment of Zenker's diverticulum has proven feasible, but electrocautery and CO 2 laser technology carry the risk of collateral thermal injury. Thulium laser septum incision may overcome this limitation. We describe for the first time the use of thulium laser through flexible endoscopy in a small cohort of patients with Zenker diverticulum. Patients and methods : Thulium laser septum division was performed via flexible endoscopy under general anesthesia in consecutive symptomatic patients with primary or recurrent Zenker diverticulum...
April 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607207/pneumorrhachis-an-under-recognized-entity-correlates-with-severity-of-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum
#17
Yu-Wei Liu, Chieh-Ni Kao, Yi-Ming Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571346/recurrent-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-with-concurrent-pneumorrhachis-a-rare-clinical-entity
#18
Punithakumar Ramasamy, Suresh Babu Kale, Sivaraja Subramaniam, Kiruthiga Giridhar
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is the presence of interstitial air in the mediastinal structures without an apparent cause. Pneumorrhachis is defined as the presence of air in the spinal canal. Concurrent pneumorrhachis is an extremely rare epiphenomenon of spontaneous pneumomediastinum without pneumothorax. Diagnosis is confirmed by radiologic imaging of the chest. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum and pneumorrhachis usually resolve with conservative therapy such as bed rest, analgesic agents, and supplemental oxygen...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558869/a-case-of-pneumomediastinum-managed-a-regional-hospital-in-guyana
#19
Tameshwar K Algu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530471/whiptail-stingray-injury
#20
Simon Laurent, Olivier Martinet, Helene Cuq, Alain Rind, Philippe Durasnel, Claire Lenne, Renaud Blondé
Stingray injuries to the chest are rare but potentially life-threatening. They may occur in remote areas where advanced emergency healthcare services are unavailable. We describe the case of a 24-year-old man with tension pneumothorax due to a Himantura fai stingray injury to the left chest. The chest wound was unremarkable, with no external bleeding or evidence of a foreign body. Decompression was performed at the scene with an improvised knife procedure and a hollow writing pen, which served as a chest tube...
March 9, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
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