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Wan-Juan Song, Yu Dong, Cheng Luo, Yuan-Yuan Chen
This study was to identify the biomarkers for the malignancy and poor prognosis in patients with ovarian cancer. The protein expression of p38MAPK family isoform p38α (p38α) and activating transcription factor 2 (ATF2) was measured in 120 ovarian serous adenocarcinomas and 34 normal fallopian tubes using immunohistochemistry. Stable OV-90 cells expressing p38α and ATF2 inhibitor were established using shRNA lentivirus. Cell proliferation, invasion, and migration were analyzed in vitro. Tumor growth and chemosensitivity were investigated in xenograft tumor models...
August 25, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Xu Wang, Suyun Yu, Qi Jia, Lichuan Chen, Jinqiu Zhong, Yanhong Pan, Peiliang Shen, Yin Shen, Siliang Wang, Zhonghong Wei, Yuzhu Cao, Yin Lu
NiaoDuQing (NDQ) granules, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been clinically used in China for over fourteen years to treat chronic kidney disease (CKD). To elucidate the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic benefits of NDQ, we designed an approach incorporating chemoinformatics, bioinformatics, network biology methods, and cellular and molecular biology experiments. A total of 182 active compounds were identified in NDQ granules, and 397 putative targets associated with different diseases were derived through ADME modelling and target prediction tools...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
Jintanaporn Wattanathorn, Paphaphat Thiraphatthanavong, Wipawee Thukham-Mee, Supaporn Muchimapura, Panakaporn Wannanond, Terdthai Tong-Un
The novel protectant against diabetic cataract and diabetic retinopathy is currently required due to the increased prevalence and therapeutic limitation. Based on the advantage of polyphenol on diabetic eye complications, we hypothesized that the combined extract of mango seed Vietnamese coriander (MPO), a polyphenol-rich substance, should possess anticataractogenesis and antiretinopathy in streptozotocin- (STZ-) diabetic rats. MPO at doses of 2, 10, and 50 mg/kg·BW were orally given to STZ-diabetic rats for 10 weeks...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Franziska Vielmuth, Marie-Therès Wanuske, Mariya Y Radeva, Matthias Hiermaier, Daniela Kugelmann, Elias Walter, Fanny Buechau, Thomas M Magin, Jens Waschke, Volker Spindler
Tightly controlled intercellular adhesion is crucial for integrity and function of the epidermis. The keratin filament cytoskeleton anchors desmosomes, supramolecular complexes required for strong intercellular adhesion. We here tested whether keratin filaments control cell adhesion by regulating the adhesive properties of desmosomal cadherins such as desmoglein (Dsg) 3. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and FRAP experiments revealed reduced Dsg3 adhesive forces and membrane stability in murine keratinocytes lacking all keratin filaments...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Juan Niu, Dujuan Huang, Rui Zhou, MingXia Yue, Tao Xu, Junna Yang, Li He, Hong Tian, XiaoHong Liu, Junwei Zeng
BACKGROUND: More evidence suggests that dorsal spinal cord microglia is an important site contributing to CB2 receptor-mediated analgesia. The upregulation of P2Y12 and P2Y13 purinoceptors in spinal dorsal horn microglia is involved in the development of pain behavior caused by peripheral nerve injury. However, it is not known whether the expression of P2Y12 and P2Y13 receptors at spinal dorsal horn will be influenced after CB2 receptor activation in neuropathic pain rats. METHODS: Chronic constriction injury (CCI) and intrathecal ADPbetaS injection were performed in rats to induce neuropathic pain...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Zhi-Ying Zhao, Yang-Yang Gao, Li Gao, Ming Zhang, He Wang, Chun-Hong Zhang
Bellidifolin, a xanthone compound derived from plants of Gentiana species, is known to exert a variety of pharmacological activities including anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory and antitumor actions as well as a protective effect on cerebral ischemic nerve injury. The aim of this study was to examine the protective effects of bellidifolin on nerve injury produced by hypoxia and possible underlying mechanisms using pheochromocytoma cells (PC12). Data showed that the viability of PC12 cells subjected to hypoxia resulted in a significant decrease; however; pretreatment with certain concentrations of bellidifolin (20 or 40 μmol/L) prior to hypoxia significantly increased the survival rate...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
Jingang Hou, Sunchang Kim, Changkeun Sung, Chulhee Choi
Senescent astrocytes in aging brain express senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) and link with increased brain aging and its related diseases. In order to determine whether ginsenosides ameliorate the astrocytic senescence in vitro, human astrocytic CRT cells and primary rat astrocytes were used in the present study. Ginsenosides Rg1, Re, Rb1 and Rg3 (5 μg/mL) could effectively prevent the astrocytic senescence induced by H₂O₂ exposure. However, these ginsenosides did not reverse the astrocytic senescence...
September 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Wenjuan Zhang, Youjian Zhang, Jian Hou, Tian Xu, Wenjun Yin, Wei Xiong, Wenhong Lu, Hongyan Zheng, Jun Chen, Jing Yuan
Tris (2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP) has been widely used as a plasticizer and flame retardant. TCEP as a potential carcinogen is often detected in the occupational and nature environments. To investigate effects of TCEP on human hepatocytes, we assessed cell growth rate, cellular membrane integrity, senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-Gal) activity and analyzed expression of regulators involved in the p53-p21(Waf1/Cip1)-Rb pathway in TCEP-treated L02 cells. The results showed TCEP increased the percentage of SA-β-Gal positive cells, decreased IL-6 levels, down-regulated the regulators of p38MAPK-NF-κB pathways, but up-regulated the regulators of p21(Waf1/Cip1)-Rb pathway in L02 cells...
August 31, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Arumugam Suyavaran, Kesthuru Subbiah Girish, K Kemparaju, Chinnasamy Thirunavukkarasu
Neutrophil is a significant contributor to ischemia reperfusion (IR) induced liver tissue damage. However, the underlying mechanisms of IR induced innate immune activation and liver damage is not quite clear. Our study sheds light on the role of chronic oxidative stress end products in worsening the IR inflammatory process by neutrophil recruitment and activation following liver surgery. We employed specific inhibitors for molecular targets - NOX2 (NADPH oxidase 2) and P38 MAPK (Mitogen activated protein kinase) signal to counteract neutrophil activation and neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) release induced liver damage in IR injury...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Yakuto Kaneko, Takayuki Kohno, Takuya Kakuki, Ken-Ichi Takano, Noriko Ogasawara, Ryo Miyata, Shin Kikuchi, Takumi Konno, Tsuyoshi Ohkuni, Ryoto Yajima, Akito Kakiuchi, Shin-Ichi Yokota, Tetsuo Himi, Takashi Kojima
Disruption of nasal epithelial tight junctions (TJs) and ciliary dysfunction are found in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and nasal polyps (NPs), along with an increase of p63-positive basal cells and histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity. To investigate these mechanisms, primary cultures of HNECs transfected with human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT-HNECs) were transfected with siRNAs of TAp63 and ΔNp63, treated with the NF-kB inhibitor curucumin and inhibitors of HDACs, and infected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
Liqian Zhu, Chen Yuan, Xiuyan Ding, Clinton Jones, Guoqiang Zhu
Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) infection enhanced the generation of inflammatory mediator reactive oxidative species (ROS) and stimulated MAPK signaling that are highly possibly related to virus induced inflammation. In this study, for the first time we show that BoHV-1 infection manipulated phospholipase C (PLC) signaling, as demonstrated by the activation of PLCγ-1 at both early stages [at 0.5 h post-infection (hpi)] and late stages (4-12 hpi) during the virus infection of MDBK cells. Viral entry, and de novo protein expression and/or DNA replication were potentially responsible for the activation of PLCγ-1 signaling...
September 7, 2017: Veterinary Research
Yinfeng Guo, Zhixia Song, Min Zhou, Ying Yang, Yu Zhao, Bicheng Liu, Xiaoliang Zhang
Macrophage infiltration has been linked to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, how infiltrating macrophages affect the progression of DN is unknown. Although infiltrating macrophages produce pro-inflammatory mediators and induce apoptosis in a variety of target cells, there are no studies in podocytes. Therefore, we tested the contribution of macrophages to podocytes apoptosis in DN. in vivo experiments showed that apoptosis in podocytes was increased in streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats compared with control rats and that this apoptosis was accompanied by increased macrophages infiltration in the kidney...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
Pranjali Dalvi, Himanshu Sharma, Tomara Konstantinova, Miles Sanderson, Amy O' Brien-Ladner, Navneet K Dhillon
We earlier demonstrated synergistic increase in the proliferation of pulmonary smooth muscle cells on exposure to HIV-proteins and/or cocaine due to severe down-modulation of bone morphogenetic protein receptor (BMPR) axis: the anti-proliferative arm of TGF-β super family of receptors. Here, now we demonstrate the effect of HIV-Tat and cocaine on the proliferative TGF-β signaling cascade. We observed a significant increase in the secretion of TGF-β1 ligand along with enhanced protein expression of TGFβ Receptor (TGFβR)-1, TGFβR-2 and phosphorylated SMAD2/3 in human pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells on treatment with cocaine and Tat...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xiao Li Zhan, Xiu Hong Yang, Yan Hong Gu, Li Li Guo, Hui Min Jin
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a bioactive ingredient of green tea, plays a protective role in the cardiovascular system. Homocysteine (Hcy) is a major risk factor for chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease. The present study aimed to investigate the role of EGCG in Hcy-induced proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and its underlying mechanism. We also explored the roles of rennin-angiotensin system (RAS), extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2), and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) in this process...
September 4, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Juan Zhang, Yibing Yin, Xue Lin, Xingxing Yan, Yun Xia, Liping Zhang, Ju Cao
IL-36α, IL-36β and IL-36γ are cytokine members of IL-1 family. Although IL-36 expression was observed in human lung during pulmonary infections, it remains unknown whether IL-36 could act directly on lung tissue cells during pulmonary inflammatory responses. In this study, we showed that IL-36 receptor was expressed in human lung fibroblasts and bronchial epithelial cells. Correspondingly, IL-36α, IL-36β or IL-36γ up-regulated gene expression of cytokine IL-6 and chemokine CXCL8 in human lung fibroblasts and bronchial epithelial cells, and promoted IL-6 and CXCL8 release from human lung fibroblasts and bronchial epithelial cells...
September 1, 2017: Cytokine
Hong-Yue Lai, Ling-Wei Hsu, Hsin-Hwa Tsai, Yu-Chih Lo, Shang-Hsun Yang, Ping-Yen Liu, Ju-Ming Wang
Aims: Lipid homeostasis is reprogrammed in the presence of inflammation, which results in excessive lipid accumulation in macrophages, and leads to the formation of lipid-laden foam cells. We aimed to link an inflammation-responsive transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein delta (CEBPD) with polarized macrophages and dissect its contribution to lipid accumulation. Methods and results: We found that CEBPD protein colocalized with macrophages in human and mouse (C57BL/6, Apoe-/-) atherosclerotic plaques and that Cebpd deficiency in bone marrow cells suppressed atherosclerotic lesions in hyperlipidemic Apoe-/- mice...
September 1, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
Lingling Zhang, Linhong Huang, Xiaobing Li, Cuicui Liu, Xin Sun, Leitao Wu, Tao Li, Hao Yang, Jianzong Chen
Our previous work demonstrated that tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside (TSG) was able to effectively attenuate 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+))-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells partially via inhibiting reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. However, the precise molecular mechanisms of TSG responsible for suppressing neuronal apoptosis have not been fully elucidated. To investigate the possible mechanism, we studied the neuroprotective effects of TSG on MPP(+)-induced PC12 cells apoptosis and explored the molecular mechanisms that mediated the effects of TSG...
August 29, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Yue Zhao, Min Liu, Xue Ying Chan, Sue Yee Tan, Sharrada Subramaniam, Yong Fan, Eva Loh, Kenneth Tou En Chang, Thiam Chye Tan, Qingfeng Chen
Many immune parameters show circadian rhythms over the 24-hour day in mammals. The most striking circadian oscillation is the number of circulating immune cells which display an opposite rhythm between humans and mice. The physiological roles and mechanisms of circadian variations in mouse leukocytes are well studied, while for humans they remain unclear due to the lack of a proper model. In this study, we found that consistent with their natural host species, mouse and human circulating leukocytes exhibited opposite circadian oscillations in humanized mice...
August 29, 2017: Blood
Jia Deng, Yu Shi, Xiyang Zhang, Yabing Zhang, Bin Liu
To explore the protective effect of sodium channels antagonists HOE642 on lung ischemia reperfusion and the role of the p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) signaling pathway in this process.
 Methods: A total of 36 mice were randomly divided into a sham operation group (SHAM group), a lung ischemia reperfusion group (I/R group) and a lung ischemia reperfusion+HOE642 group (HOE group). The water content was detected by electronic scales, and the lung tissue pathological changes were observed under optical microscope...
July 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Jing He, Chao Wei, Yueqin Li, Ying Liu, Yue Wang, Jirong Pan, Jiali Liu, Yingjie Wu, Sheng Cui
Zearalenone (ZEA) is one of the most popular endocrine-disrupting chemicals and is mainly produced by fungi of the genus Fusarium. The excessive intake of ZEA severely disrupts human and animal fertility by affecting the reproductive axis. However, most studies on the effects of ZEA and its metabolite α-zearalenol (α-ZOL) on reproductive systems have focused on gonads. Few studies have investigated the endocrine-disrupting effects of ZEA and α-ZOL on pituitary gonadotropins, including follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH)...
August 19, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
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