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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441322/erratum-kim-k-p-singh-a-k-bai-x-leprun-l-bhunia-a-k-novel-pcr-assays-complement-laser-biosensor-based-method-and-facilitate-listeria-species-detection-from-food-sensors-2015-15-22672-22691
#1
Kwang-Pyo Kim, Atul K Singh, Xingjian Bai, Lena Leprun, Arun K Bhunia
The authors wish to correct the oligonucleotide sequence of primer E-LAP-F1 and LIS-R1 in Table 1in their paper published in Sensors [1], doi:10.3390/s150922672, http://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/15/9/22672. The following table should be used.[...].
April 25, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436180/control-mechanisms-for-producing-antimicrobial-factors-in-ruminant-mammary-gland
#2
REVIEW
Naoki Isobe
Mastitis, a symptom of inflammation in mammary tissue by infection with various kinds of bacteria, causes huge economic losses in the milk industry. One of the popular methods for treatment of mastitis is antibiotics, although this prohibits milk shipping and sometimes causes resistant microbes. Therefore, a new strategy to treat mastitis without antibiotics is eagerly required around the world. Antimicrobial factors belong to innate immunity and can start their function extremely early after bacterial stimulation...
April 24, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432328/tactile-flow-overides-other-cues-to-self-motion
#3
Laurence R Harris, Kenzo Sakurai, William H A Beaudot
Vestibular-somatosensory interactions are pervasive in the brain but it remains unclear why. Here we explore the contribution of tactile flow to processing self-motion. We assessed two aspects of self-motion: timing and speed. Participants sat on an oscillating swing and either kept their hands on their laps or rested them lightly on an earth-stationary surface. They viewed a grating oscillating at the same frequency as their motion and judged its phase or, in a separate experiment, its speed relative to their perceived motion...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419727/endotoxin-testing-of-a-wound-debridement-device-containing-medicinal-lucilia-sericata-larvae
#4
Samantha Pickles, David Pritchard
Alimentary products of medicinal Lucilia sericata larvae are studied to determine their mechanisms of action, particularly in the contexts of wound debridement and disinfection. Furthermore, the larvae can be applied to patients in contained medical devices (such as the BioBag; BioMonde). Here, we tested the materials and larval content of the most commonly used debridement device (the "BB-50") to explore the possibility that endotoxins may be contributing to the bio-activity of the product, given that endotoxins are potent stimulants of cellular activation...
April 17, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416416/flow-function-of-pharmaceutical-powders-is-predominantly-governed-by-cohesion-not-by-friction-coefficients
#5
Lap Yin Leung, Chen Mao, Ishan Srivastava, Ping Du, Chia-Yi Yang
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that the flow function (FFc) of pharmaceutical powders, as measured by rotational shear cell, is predominantly governed by cohesion, but not friction coefficients. Driven by an earlier report showing an inverse correlation between FFc and the cohesion divided by the corresponding pre-consolidation stress [Wang et al. 2016. Powder Tech. 294:105-112], we performed analysis on a large dataset containing 1130 measurements from a ring shear tester, and identified a near-perfect inverse correlation between the FFc and cohesion...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414877/accelerated-point-of-muscle-deoxygenation-during-the-20-m-shuttle-run-test
#6
Daisuke Kume, Akira Iguchi, Hiroshi Endoh
This study examined whether the point of accelerated deoxygenation of active muscle occurs during the 20-m shuttle run test (20mSRT) and, if so, whether it is associated with exercise performance in the test. Twenty-nine male subjects performed the 20mSRT, and concentration changes in oxyhaemoglobin (ΔOxy-Hb) and deoxyhaemoglobin (ΔDeoxy-Hb) in the m. vastus lateralis were measured using a portable near-infrared spectroscopy device. The difference between the relative concentration changes in ΔOxy-Hb and ΔDeoxy-Hb (Δ[Oxy-Hb - Deoxy-Hb]) was regarded as the muscle oxygenation index...
April 16, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414172/lccl-protein-complex-formation-in-plasmodium-is-critically-dependent-on-lap1
#7
Annie Z Tremp, Vikram Sharma, Victoria Carter, Edwin Lasonder, Johannes T Dessens
Successful sporogony of Plasmodium berghei in vector mosquitoes requires expression of a family of six modular proteins named LCCL lectin domain adhesive-like proteins (LAPs). The LAPs share a subcellular localization in the crystalloid, a unique parasite organelle that forms during ookinete development. Here, LAP interactions in P. berghei were studied using a series of parasite lines stably expressing reporter-tagged LAPs combined with affinity purification and high accuracy label free quantitative mass spectrometry...
April 13, 2017: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412996/laparoscopic-surgery-versus-open-resection-in-patients-with-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Hanchu Xiong, Ji Wang, Yunlu Jia, Chenyang Ye, Yi Lu, Cong Chen, Jianguo Shen, Yongxia Chen, Wenhe Zhao, Linbo Wang, Jichun Zhou
PURPOSES: The contemporary surgery has reported the safety of laparoscopic surgery (LAP) for patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). However, its use is still debated due to suspicion of the oncologic equivalence to open surgery (OPEN). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of updated original articles to investigate the short- and long-term clinical outcomes of LAP compared with OPEN for GISTs. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and CNKI...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409377/laparoscopic-radical-antegrade-modular-pancreatosplenectomy-for-left-sided-pancreatic-cancer-using-the-ligament-of-treitz-approach
#9
Yusuke Ome, Kazuki Hashida, Mitsuru Yokota, Yoshio Nagahisa, Okabe Michio, Kazuyuki Kawamoto
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (Lap-DP) for benign lesions or those with low malignant potential has been proven safe and effective, and its performance is now widespread [1-3]. Lap-DP for left-sided pancreatic cancer (PC) is also being increasingly performed. According to some reports, Lap-DP has superior short-term outcomes (blood loss, postoperative hospital stay) and comparable oncological outcomes and overall survival with those of open distal pancreatectomy (Op-DP) [4-6]...
April 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408305/prevalence-and-predictors-of-early-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-in-patients-with-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation
#10
Jaroslav Meluzin, Zdenek Starek, Tomas Kulik, Jiri Jez, Frantisek Lehar, Jiri Wolf, Ladislav Dusek, Pavel Leinveber, Miroslav Novak
BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) have an increased risk of diastolic dysfunction and heart failure. The purpose of this study was to identify independent predictors of early (i.e., only exercise-induced) heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and to describe the prevalence of early HFpEF among the patients with paroxysmal AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred patients with paroxysmal AF and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) underwent catheterization with left atrial pressure (LAP) measurements at rest and at the peak of arm exercise (LAP-exe)...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402736/characterization-of-a-diamond-ground-y-tzp-and-reversion-of-the-tetragonal-to-monoclinic-transformation
#11
L M Candido, Lmg Fais, E B Ferreira, S G Antonio, Lap Pinelli
PURPOSE: To characterize the surface of an yttria-stabilized zirconia (Y-TZP) ceramic after diamond grinding in terms of its crystalline phase, morphology, mean roughness (Ra), and wettability as well as to determine a thermal treatment to reverse the resulting tetragonal to monoclinic (t-m) transformation. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Y-TZP specimens were distributed into different groups according to the actions (or no action) of grinding and irrigation. Grinding was accomplished using a diamond stone at a low speed...
April 12, 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402147/solubility-and-dissolution-rate-improvement-of-the-inclusion-complex-of-apigenin-with-2-hydroxypropyl-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-prepared-using-the-liquid-antisolvent-precipitation-and-solvent-removal-combination-methods
#12
Weiwei Wu, Yuangang Zu, Xiuhua Zhao, Xinxin Zhang, Lingling Wang, Yuanyuan Li, Li Wang, Yin Zhang, Bolin Lian
Apigenin (AP) has many pharmacological activities. AP has poor solubility in some solvents. AP is insoluble in water and slightly soluble in ethanol (1.93 mg/mL). It has limited application and exploitation. Therefore, the liquid antisolvent precipitation (LAP) method was applied to improve the solubility of AP in ethanol by changing its crystal form or producing ultra-fine particles. Then, the inclusion complex of AP with 2-Hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) is prepared using the solvent removal method...
April 12, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399840/a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-morbidity-and-functional-outcome-of-endoscopic-transanal-proctectomy-versus-laparoscopic-proctectomy-for-low-lying-rectal-cancer-etap-greccar-11-trial-rationale-and-design
#13
Bernard Lelong, Cécile de Chaisemartin, Helene Meillat, Sandra Cournier, Jean Marie Boher, Dominique Genre, Mehdi Karoui, Jean Jacques Tuech, Jean Robert Delpero
BACKGROUND: Total mesorectal excision is the standard surgical treatment for mid- and low-rectal cancer. Laparoscopy represents a clear leap forward in the management of rectal cancer patients, offering significant improvements in post-operative measures such as pain, first bowel movement, and hospital length of stay. However, there are still some limits to its applications, especially in difficult cases. Such cases may entail either conversion to an open procedure or positive resection margins...
April 11, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394753/atrial-fibrillation-relationship-between-left-atrial-pressure-and-left-atrial-appendage-emptying-determined-with-velocity-encoded-cardiac-mr-imaging
#14
Sung Ho Hwang, Seung Young Roh, Jaemin Shim, Jong-Il Choi, Young-Hoon Kim, Yu-Whan Oh
Purpose To investigate the relationship between left atrial appendage (LAA) blood flow determined with cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and left atrial pressure (LAP) estimated from invasive catheter measurements in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Materials and Methods This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board, and patients provided written informed consent. Seventy-seven patients with AF (mean age, 57.8 years ± 9.8; range, 31-76 years) underwent cardiac MR imaging and catheter-based measurement of LAP, sequentially...
April 10, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390718/lining-bunker-walls-with-oxygen-barrier-film-reduces-nutrient-losses-in-corn-silages
#15
L M Lima, J P Dos Santos, D R Casagrande, C L S Ávila, M S Lara, T F Bernardes
The objective of this study was to evaluate 2 systems for covering corn silage in bunker silos. The first system consisted of a sheet of 45-μm-thick oxygen barrier film (OB, polyethylene + ethylene-vinyl alcohol) placed along the length of the sidewall before filling. After filling, the excess film was pulled over the wall on top of the silage, and a sheet of polyethylene was placed on top. The second system involved using a standard sheet (ST) of 180-μm-thick polyethylene film. Eight commercial bunker silos were divided into 2 parts lengthwise so that one-half of the silo was covered with OB and the other half with a ST system...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388304/laparoscopic-ureteroureterostomy-with-an-intraoperative-retrograde-ureteroscopy-assisted-technique-for-distal-ureteral-injury-secondary-to-gynecological-surgery-a-retrospective-comparison-with-laparoscopic-ureteroneocystostomy
#16
Zhaohui Wang, Zhi Chen, Yao He, Bingsheng Li, Zhiqiang Wen, Xiang Chen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the operative and postoperative outcomes of laparoscopic ureteroureterostomy (LAP-UU) using a retrograde ureteroscopy-assisted technique with laparoscopic ureteroneocystostomy (LAP-UNC) in treating ureteral injury after gynecological surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study analyzed 60 ureteral injury repairs performed between May 2010 and February 2016 in patients who underwent either LAP-UU using the retrograde ureteroscopy-assisted technique (n = 26) or LAP-UNC (n = 34)...
April 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387711/descriptive-analysis-of-lap1-distribution-and-that-of-associated-proteins-throughout-spermatogenesis
#17
Joana B Serrano, Filipa Martins, João C Sousa, Cátia D Pereira, Ans M M van Pelt, Sandra Rebelo, Odete A B da Cruz E Silva
Spermatogenesis comprises highly complex differentiation processes. Nuclear envelope (NE) proteins have been associated with these processes, including lamins, lamina-associated polypeptide (LAP) 2 and the lamin B-receptor. LAP1 is an important NE protein whose function has not been fully elucidated, but several binding partners allow predicting putative LAP1 functions. To date, LAP1 had not been associated with spermatogenesis. In this study, LAP1 expression and cellular/subcellular localization during spermatogenesis in human and mouse testes is established for the first time...
April 7, 2017: Membranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383550/c-ebp%C3%AE-lip-augments-cell-death-by-inducing-osteoglycin
#18
Rina Wassermann-Dozorets, Menachem Rubinstein
Many types of tumor cell are devoid of the extracellular matrix proteoglycan osteoglycin (Ogn), but its role in tumor biology is poorly studied. Here we show that RNAi of Ogn attenuates stress-triggered cell death, whereas its overexpression increases cell death. We found that the transcription factor C/EBPβ regulates the expression of Ogn. C/EBPβ is expressed as a full-length, active form (LAP) and as a truncated, dominant-negative form (LIP), and the LIP/LAP ratio is positively correlated with the extent of cell death under stress...
April 6, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377791/effect-of-a-12-week-summer-break-on-school-day-physical-activity-and-health-related-fitness-in-low-income-children-from-cspap-schools
#19
You Fu, Timothy A Brusseau, James C Hannon, Ryan D Burns
Background. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a 12-week summer break on school day physical activity and health-related fitness (HRF) in children from schools receiving a Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP). Methods. Participants were school-aged children (N = 1,232; 624 girls and 608 boys; mean age = 9.5 ± 1.8 years) recruited from three low-income schools receiving a CSPAP. Physical activity and HRF levels were collected during the end of spring semester 2015 and again during the beginning of fall semester 2015...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376793/comparative-genomic-identification-and-validation-of-%C3%AE-defensin-genes-in-the-ovis-aries-genome
#20
T J Hall, C McQuillan, E K Finlay, C O'Farrelly, S Fair, K G Meade
BACKGROUND: β-defensins are small, cationic, antimicrobial peptides found in species across the plant and animal kingdoms. In addition to microbiocidal activity, roles in immunity as well as reproduction have more recently been documented. β-defensin genes in Ovis aries (domestic sheep) have been poorly annotated, having been identified only by automatic gene prediction algorithms. The objective of this study was to use a comparative genomics approach to identify and characterise the β-defensin gene repertoire in sheep using the bovine genome as the primary reference...
April 4, 2017: BMC Genomics
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