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Occupational Safety and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211649/insufficient-sleep-in-adolescents-causes-and-consequences
#1
Judith A Owens, Miriam R Weiss
Insufficient sleep poses an important and complicated set of health risks in the adolescent population. Not only is deficient sleep (defined as both sleep duration inadequate to meet sleep needs and sleep timing misaligned with the body's circadian rhythms) at epidemic levels in this population, but the contributing factors are both complex and numerous and there are a myriad of negative physical and mental health, safety and performance consequences. Causes of inadequate sleep identified in this population include internal biological processes such as the normal shift (delay) in circadian rhythm that occurs in association with puberty and a developmentally-based slowing of the "sleep drive", and external factors including extracurricular activities, excessive homework load, evening use of electronic media, caffeine intake and early school start times...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202426/integrated-platform-for-home-services-using-new-products-and-services-for-senior-citizens-call-cnav-carsat-2015
#2
Michel Noguès, Daniel Laune, Delphine Paccard, Anne-Laure Coupet, Justine Millot-Keurinck, Narjis Bototo, Marine Bertrand, Jean Bousquet
This project is part of: i) the risks of ageing prevention policy of the French retirement and occupational health insurance agency of Languedoc Roussillon (Carsat-LR) and ii) the European innovation partnership on active and healthy ageing (EIP on AHA). It aims to support senior citizens who live independently and have been identified at risk of frailty on a social or health level. The purpose is to increase legibility as well as technical and financial access to innovations for vulnerable seniors who are remote from the digital era, through a multiservice user-friendly platform...
February 15, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197863/characterization-of-foreign-born-vs-native-born-worker-fatalities-in-kentucky-2001-2014
#3
Yailet Cruz, Terry Lee Bunn, Nancy Hanner, Svetla Slavova
Information on foreign-born worker (FBW) and native-born worker (NBW) fatal injuries is scarce. The Kentucky Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation program analyzed 2001-2014 worker fatality data. The Kentucky FBW fatality rate was double the US FBW and NBW rates, and 50% higher than the Kentucky NBW fatality rate. FBW average age at death was 38 years; NBW age was 47 years. FBW deaths occurred in construction (26%) and services (22%) industries, and transportation [28% (54% due to semi truck crashes)] and construction [26%(48% due to roofing, scaffolding, and ladder-related falls)] occupations; in contrast, NBW deaths occurred in services (22%), and transportation (18%) industries, and transportation (25%) and management (20%) occupations, and were due to exposures to inanimate mechanical forces (38%), and transport accidents (30%)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197661/-rehabilitation-and-work-participation
#4
Matthias Bethge
Work participation is increasingly seen as a primary outcome of rehabilitation measures. Randomised controlled trials from several different countries and the reviews and meta-analyses based on them show that multidisciplinary rehabilitation programmes improve work participation, return-to-work rates, and reduce sickness absence in patients with back pain, depression, and cancer. In Germany, such programmes were implemented as work-related medical rehabilitation. This intervention targets patients with poor work ability and an increased risk of permanent work disability...
February 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195830/investigating-the-occupational-challenges-of-corner-store-workers-operating-in-baltimore-city-food-deserts
#5
Caitlin A Ceryes, Laura Flamm, Sheila Fitzgerald
A qualitative pilot study was conducted in Baltimore City with the aim of documenting specific occupational safety challenges of small-scale urban retailers, or "corner store" owners. Semistructured interviews with a small sample ( n = 4) revealed significant challenges for owners and workers, and revealed potential areas for occupational health intervention.
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190689/trends-in-automobile-travel-motor-vehicle-fatalities-and-physical-activity-2003-2015
#6
Noreen C McDonald
INTRODUCTION: Annual per-capita automobile travel declined by 600 miles from 2003 to 2014 with decreases greatest among young adults. This article tests whether the decline has been accompanied by public health co-benefits of increased physical activity and decreased motor vehicle fatalities. METHODS: Minutes of auto travel and physical activity derived from active travel, sports, and exercise were obtained from the American Time Use Survey. Fatalities were measured using the Fatality Analysis Reporting System...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182606/elevated-blood-lead-levels-associated-with-retained-bullet-fragments-united-states-2003-2012
#7
Debora Weiss, Carrie D Tomasallo, Jon G Meiman, Walter Alarcon, Nathan M Graber, Kristine M Bisgard, Henry A Anderson
An estimated 115,000 firearm injuries occur annually in the United States, and approximately 70% are nonfatal (1). Retained bullet fragments (RBFs) are an infrequently reported, but important, cause of lead toxicity; symptoms are often nonspecific and can appear years after suffering a gunshot wound (2,3). Adult blood lead level (BLL) screening is most commonly indicated for monitoring of occupational lead exposure; routine testing of adults with RBFs is infrequent (3). States collaborate with CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to monitor elevated BLLs through the Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance (ABLES) program (4,5)...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179610/occupational-safety-and-health-in-construction-a-review-of-applications-and-trends
#8
Fabián Alberto Suárez Sánchez, Gloria Isabel Carvajal Peláez, Joaquín Catalá Alís
Due to the high number of accidents that occur in construction and the consequences this has for workers, organizations, society and countries, occupational safety and health (OSH) has become a very important issue for stakeholders to take care of the human resource. For this reason, and in order to know how OSH research in the construction sector has evolved over time, this article - in which articles published in English were studied - presents an analysis of research conducted from 1930 to 2016. The classification of documents was carried out following the Occupational Safety and Health Cycle which is composed of five steps: regulation, education and training, risk assessment, risk prevention, and accident analysis...
February 7, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176028/occupational-risks-and-exposures-among-wildlife-health-professionals
#9
Gemina Garland-Lewis, Christopher Whittier, Suzan Murray, Sally Trufan, Peter M Rabinowitz
Most emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic in origin, with wildlife a frequent source of zoonotic disease events. Although individuals with extensive wildlife contact may be at the greatest risk of contracting novel infectious agents, the occupational risk of those working closely with wildlife has not been well studied. This study assessed the occupational exposures among wildlife health professionals working in multiple countries worldwide. An occupational risk survey of past and present exposures was developed and administered online in a confidential manner to wildlife workers recruited through an ongoing international wildlife pathogen surveillance project...
February 7, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166892/a-qualitative-review-of-existing-national-and-international-occupational-safety-and-health-policies-relating-to-occupational-sedentary-behaviour
#10
REVIEW
Pieter Coenen, Nicholas Gilson, Genevieve N Healy, David W Dunstan, Leon M Straker
Prolonged sedentary time is now recognised as an emergent ergonomics issue. We aimed to review current occupational safety and health policies relevant to occupational sedentary behaviour. An electronic search for documents was conducted on websites of ergonomics and occupational safety and health organisations from 10 countries and six international/pan-European agencies. Additionally, 43 informants (nine countries) were contacted and an international conference workshop held. 119 documents (e.g. legislation, guidelines, codes of practice) were identified...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160819/injuries-among-electric-power-industry-workers-1995-2013
#11
Vitaly Volberg, Tiffani Fordyce, Megan Leonhard, Gabor Mezei, Ximena Vergara, Lovely Krishen
INTRODUCTION: Workers in the electric power industry face many risks of injury due to the high diversity of work tasks performed in potentially hazardous and unpredictable work environments. METHOD: We calculated injury rates by age, sex, occupational group, and injury type among workers in the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI) Occupational Health and Safety Database (OHSD), which contains recordable injury, medical claims, and personnel data from 18 participating electric power companies from 1995 to 2013...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160817/under-recording-of-work-related-injuries-and-illnesses-an-osha-priority
#12
Kathleen M Fagan, Michael J Hodgson
INTRODUCTION: A 2009 Government Accounting Office (GAO) report, along with numerous published studies, documented that many workplace injuries are not recorded on employers' recordkeeping logs required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and consequently are under-reported to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), resulting in a substantial undercount of occupational injuries in the United States. METHODS: OSHA conducted a Recordkeeping National Emphasis Program (NEP) from 2009 to 2012 to identify the extent and causes of unrecorded and incorrectly recorded occupational injuries and illnesses...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160815/prevention-of-occupational-injuries-evidence-for-effective-good-practices-in-foundries
#13
Stefano Porru, Stefano Calza, Cecilia Arici
INTRODUCTION: Occupational injuries are a relevant research and practical issue. However, intervention studies evaluating the effectiveness of workplace injury prevention programs are seldom performed. METHOD: The effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention aimed at reducing occupational injury rates (incidence/employment-based=IR, frequency/hours-based=FR, severity=SR) was evaluated between 2008 and 2013 in 29 Italian foundries (22 ferrous; 7 non-ferrous; 3,460 male blue collar workers/year) of varying sizes...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160810/non-battle-injuries-among-u-s-army-soldiers-deployed-to-afghanistan-and-iraq-2001-2013
#14
Avni A Patel, Keith G Hauret, Bonnie J Taylor, Bruce H Jones
INTRODUCTION: Many non-battle injuries among deployed soldiers are due to occupational-related tasks. Given that non-battle injuries are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, occupational safety and health are of great concern to the military. Some of the leading causes of non-battle injuries in the military are also common in non-military occupational settings. Nationally, falls and motor-vehicle accidents are leading causes of non-fatal occupational injuries in the civilian workforce...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160809/implementing-risk-management-to-reduce-injuries-in-the-u-s-fire-service
#15
Keshia M Pollack, Gerald S Poplin, Stephanie Griffin, Wayne Peate, Virginia Nash, Ed Nied, John Gulotta, Jefferey L Burgess
INTRODUCTION: Risk management, a proactive process to identify and mitigate potential injury risks and implement control strategies, was used to reduce the risk of occupational injury in a fire department. The objective of this research was to study the implementation of the risk management process for future replication. A second objective was to document changes in fire personnel's knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to the selected control strategies that were implemented as part of the risk management process...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160804/a-national-safety-stand-down-to-reduce-construction-worker-falls
#16
Jessica Bunting, Christine Branche, Chris Trahan, Linda Goldenhar
INTRODUCTION: Falls are the leading cause of death and third leading cause of non-fatal injuries in construction. In an effort to combat these numbers, The National Campaign to Prevent Falls in Construction began in April 2012. As the campaign gained momentum, a week called the National Safety Stand-Down to Prevent Falls was launched to draw attention to the campaign and its goals. The purpose of this paper is to examine the reach of the Stand-Down and lessons learned from its implementation...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157439/dermatoses-among-automobile-mechanics-in-mansoura-egypt
#17
Hala Samir Abou-ElWafa, Ahmed A Albadry, Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Ahmed Fawzi Ismael
This cross-sectional study was carried out in Mansoura city, Egypt to assess the prevalence of occupational dermatoses and their possible risk factors on a convenience sample of car mechanics. Socio-demographic and occupational data were collected, and clinical examination was done. Prevalence of skin diseases was 45.4% and that of exclusively occupational skin diseases was 9.2%. Irritant contact dermatitis, eczema, and tar/oil acne were the commonest types (4.6%, 3.1%, 3.1%; respectively). The logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk of occupational dermatoses increased significantly with lack of use of personal protective equipment, longer duration of work, and presence of workplace chemicals [Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI) were 7...
February 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151450/outcomes-of-road-traffic-injuries-before-and-after-the-implementation-of-a-camera-ticketing-system-a-retrospective-study-from-a-large-trauma-center-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Suliman Alghnam, Muhamad Alkelya, Moath Alfraidy, Khalid Al-Bedah, Ibrahim Tawfiq Albabtain, Omar Alshenqeety
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the third leading cause of death in Saudi Arabia. Because speed is a major risk factor for severe crash-related injuries, a camera ticketing system was implemented countrywide in mid-2010 by the traffic police in an effort to improve traffic safety. There are no published studies on the effects of the system in Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVE: To examine injury severity and associated mortality at a large trauma center before and after the implementation of the ticketing system...
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150992/trends-in-measurement-models-and-methods-in-understanding-occupational-health-psychology
#19
Lois E Tetrick
Measurement of occupational health psychology constructs is the cornerstone to developing our understanding of occupational health and safety. It also is critical in the design, evaluation, and implementation of interventions to improve employees and organizations well-being. The purpose of this article is a brief review of the current state of measurement theory and practice in occupational health psychology. Also included are a discussion of development of newer measurement models and methods, which are in use in other disciplines of psychology, but have not been incorporated into the occupational health psychology...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141835/structural-determinants-of-health-among-im-migrants-in-the-indoor-sex-industry-experiences-of-workers-and-managers-owners-in-metropolitan-vancouver
#20
Shira M Goldenberg, Andrea Krüsi, Emma Zhang, Jill Chettiar, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: Globally, im/migrant women are overrepresented in the sex industry and experience disproportionate health inequities. Despite evidence that the health impacts of migration may vary according to the timing and stage of migration (e.g., early arrival vs. long-term migration), limited evidence exists regarding social and structural determinants of health across different stages of migration, especially among im/migrants engaged in sex work. Our aim was to describe and analyze the evolving social and structural determinants of health and safety across the arrival and settlement process for im/migrants in the indoor sex industry...
2017: PloS One
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