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Occupational Safety and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914424/new-perspectives-in-nanotherapeutics-for-chronic-respiratory-diseases
#1
Adriana Lopes da Silva, Fernanda Ferreira Cruz, Patricia Rieken Macedo Roccco, Marcelo Marcos Morales
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), hundreds of millions of people of all ages and in all countries suffer from chronic respiratory diseases, with particular negative consequences such as poor health-related quality of life, impaired work productivity, and limitations in the activities of daily living. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, occupational lung diseases (such as silicosis), cystic fibrosis, and pulmonary arterial hypertension are the most common of these diseases, and none of them are curable with current therapies...
September 15, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905851/increased-double-product-on-monday-morning-during-work
#2
Genjiro Kimura, Nobutaka Inoue, Hiroumi Mizuno, Masaaki Izumi, Katsuyuki Nagatoya, Akira Ohtahara, Masanori Munakata
It has been reported that cardiovascular events often occur on Monday morning, especially in the young working population. Because hypertension is a major cardiovascular risk, we examined whether blood pressure was elevated on Monday, especially in the morning during work. However, there were no weekly rhythms in blood pressure itself. Instead, we found significant interactions between the double product (systolic blood pressure × heart rate) and weekly (high on Monday) and circadian (high in the morning) rhythms...
July 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904248/the-system-and-human-resources-for-occupational-health-in-republic-of-indonesia-for-japanese-enterprises-to-manage-proper-occupational-health-activities-at-overseas-workplaces
#3
Ko Hiraoka, Shigeyuki Kajiki, Yuichi Kobayashi, Nuri Purwito Adi, Dewi Sumaryani Soemarko, Masamichi Uehara, Shigemoto Nakanishi, Koji Mori
OBJECTIVES: To consider the appropriate occupational health system for Japanese enterprises in Indonesia with information on the regulations and development of the specialists. METHODS: In this study, we used the information-gathering checklist developed by Kajiki et al. Along with literature and internet surveys, we surveyed local corporations owned and operated by Indonesians, central government agencies in charge of medical and health issues, a Japanese independent administrative agency supporting subsidiaries of overseas Japanese enterprises, and an educational institution formulating specialized occupational physician training curricula...
September 13, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899316/road-safety-serious-injuries-remain-a-major-unsolved-problem
#4
Ben Beck, Peter A Cameron, Mark C Fitzgerald, Rodney T Judson, Warwick Teague, Ronan A Lyons, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To investigate temporal trends in the incidence, mortality, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), and costs of health loss caused by serious road traffic injury. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective review of data from the population-based Victorian State Trauma Registry and the National Coronial Information System on road traffic-related deaths (pre- and in-hospital) and major trauma (Injury Severity Score > 12) during 2007-2015.Main outcomes and measures: Temporal trends in the incidence of road traffic-related major trauma, mortality, DALYs, and costs of health loss, by road user type...
September 18, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898969/job-specific-mandatory-medical-examinations-for-the-police-force
#5
J S Boschman, C T J Hulshof, M H W Frings-Dresen, J K Sluiter
Background: Mandatory medical examinations (MMEs) of workers should be based on the health and safety requirements that are needed for effectively performing the relevant work. For police personnel in the Netherlands, no job-specific MME exists that takes the specific tasks and duties into account. Aims: To provide the Dutch National Police with a knowledge base for job-specific MMEs for police personnel that will lead to equitable decisions from an occupational health perspective about who can perform police duties...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898967/systematic-review-lost-time-injuries-in-the-us-mining-industry
#6
B Nowrouzi-Kia, B Sharma, C Dignard, Z Kerekes, J Dumond, A Li, M Larivière
Background: The mining industry is associated with high levels of accidents, injuries and illnesses. Lost-time injuries are useful measures of health and safety in mines, and the effectiveness of its safety programmes. Aims: To identify the type of lost-time injuries in the US mining workforce and to examine predictors of these occupational injuries. Methods: Primary papers on lost-time injuries in the US mining sector were identified through a literature search in eight health, geology and mining databases, using a systematic review protocol tailored to each database...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898963/job-demands-resources-and-mental-health-in-uk-prison-officers
#7
G Kinman, A J Clements, J Hart
Background: Research findings indicate that working as a prison officer can be highly stressful, but the aspects of work that predict their mental health status are largely unknown. Aims: To examine, using elements of the demands-resources model, the extent to which work pressure and several potential resources (i.e. control, support from managers and co-workers, role clarity, effective working relationships and positive change management) predict mental health in a sample of UK prison officers...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892936/hazards-and-health-risks-encountered-by-manual-sand-dredgers-from-udupi-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Sidhiprada Mohapatra, Alfiya Shaikh, Priyanka Nayak, Rajesh Navada
INTRODUCTION: Globalization and urbanization have resulted in an increased demand on sand dredging. Legal and environmental restrictions on automated dredging have led to a rise in manual technique. The working techniques and environment involved in manual sand dredging may expose the workers to multiple work related disorders. AIM: To determine the health risks and occupational hazards involved in manual sand dredging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An assessment schedule was developed and content was validated by five experts for the study...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889134/pesticide-applicators-questionnaire-content-validation-a-fuzzy-delphi-method
#9
S K Manakandan, I Rosnah, J Mohd Ridhuan, R Priya
BACKGROUND: The most crucial step in forming a set of survey questionnaire is deciding the appropriate items in a construct. Retaining irrelevant items and removing important items will certainly mislead the direction of a particular study. This article demonstrates Fuzzy Delphi method as one of the scientific analysis technique to consolidate consensus agreement within a panel of experts pertaining to each item's appropriateness. This method reduces the ambiguity, diversity, and discrepancy of the opinions among the experts hence enhances the quality of the selected items...
August 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883681/occupational-disease-registries-characteristics-and-experiences
#10
Somayeh Davoodi, Khosro Sadeghniat Haghighi, Sharareh Rostam Niakan Kalhori, Narges Shams Hosseini, Zeinab Mohammadzadeh, Reza Safdari
INTRODUCTION: Due to growth of occupational diseases and also increase of public awareness about their consequences, attention to various aspects of diseases and improve occupational health and safety has found great importance. Therefore, there is the need for appropriate information management tools such as registries in order to recognitions of diseases patterns and then making decision about prevention, early detection and treatment of them. These registries have different characteristics in various countries according to their occupational health priorities...
June 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882443/debate-on-vaccines-and-autoimmunity-do-not-attack-the-author-yet-discuss-it-methodologically
#11
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Abdulla Watad, Howard Amital, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Since Jenner, vaccines and vaccinations have stirred a hot, highly polarized debate, leading to contrasting positions and feelings, ranging from acritical enthusiasm to blind denial. On the one hand, we find anti-vaccination movements which divulge and disseminate misleading information, myths, prejudices, and even frauds, with the main aim of denying that vaccination practices represent a major public health measure, being effective in controlling infectious diseases and safeguarding the wellbeing of entire communities...
September 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882277/the-need-for-detailed-gender-specific-occupational-safety-analysis
#12
Fernanda Cruz Rios, Wai K Chong, David Grau
INTRODUCTION: The female work in population is growing in the United States, therefore the occupational health and safety entities must start to analyze gender-specific data related to every industry, especially to nontraditional occupations. Women working in nontraditional jobs are often exposed to extreme workplace hazards. These women have their safety and health threatened because there are no adequate policies to mitigate gender-specific risks such as discrimination and harassment...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882271/association-between-safety-leading-indicators-and-safety-climate-levels
#13
Saeed Givehchi, Ehsan Hemmativaghef, Hassan Hoveidi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of leading indicators for occupational health and safety, particularly safety inspections and non-compliances, with safety climate levels. METHODS: Nordic Occupational Safety Climate Assessment Questionnaire was employed to evaluate safety climate in cross-sectional design. The geographically diverse population of the inspection body made it possible to conduct the survey across 10 provinces in Iran...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882269/the-construction-face-database-codifying-the-niosh-face-reports
#14
Xiuwen Sue Dong, Julie A Largay, Xuanwen Wang, Chris Trahan Cain, Nancy Romano
INTRODUCTION: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has published reports detailing the results of investigations on selected work-related fatalities through the Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) program since 1982. METHOD: Information from construction-related FACE reports was coded into the Construction FACE Database (CFD). Use of the CFD was illustrated by analyzing major CFD variables. RESULTS: A total of 768 construction fatalities were included in the CFD...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882264/development-of-a-multilevel-health-and-safety-climate-survey-tool-within-a-mining-setting
#15
Anthony W Parker, Megan J Tones, Gabrielle E Ritchie
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to design, implement and evaluate the reliability and validity of a multifactorial and multilevel health and safety climate survey (HSCS) tool with utility in the Australian mining setting. METHODS: An 84-item questionnaire was developed and pilot tested on a sample of 302 Australian miners across two open cut sites. RESULTS: A 67-item, 10 factor solution was obtained via exploratory factor analysis (EFA) representing prioritization and attitudes to health and safety across multiple domains and organizational levels...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877646/comparison-of-canadian-firefighters-and-normal-controls-based-on-the-submaximal-fitness-testing-and-strength-considering-age-and-gender
#16
Goris Nazari, Joy C MacDermid, Kathryn E Sinden R Kin, Tom J Overend
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have addressed whether the firefighters are more fit than the general population and possess sufficient levels of aerobic capacity and muscle strength to perform on duty tasks in a safe and efficient manner, considering age and gender. We aimed to evaluate the fitness levels of Hamilton firefighters, and to determine the effects of age and gender. METHODS: 89 participants were recruited. The Modified Canadian Aerobic Fitness Test was used to determine participants' estimated maximal oxygen consumptions (VO2-max) levels...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876175/an-application-of-the-pareto-method-in-surveys-to-diagnose-the-managers-and-workers-perception-of-occupational-safety-and-health-on-selected-polish-construction-sites
#17
Jerzy Obolewicz, Andrzej Dąbrowski
The construction industry is an important sector of the economy in Poland. According to the National Labour Inspectorate (PIP) data of 2014, the number of victims of fatal accidents in the construction sector amounted to 80 as compared with 187 injured in all other sectors of economy in Poland. This paper presents the results of surveys on the impact of construction worker behaviour on the occupational safety and health outcomes. The surveys took into account the point of view of both construction site management (tactical level) and construction workers (operational level)...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867831/quick-fixes-to-improve-workers-health-results-using-engineering-assessment-technology
#18
E J Haas, A B Cecala
Personal respirable dust sampling and the evaluation of control technologies have been providing exposure information to the mining industry but not necessarily in a way that shows how technology can be integrated to provide organizational support and resources for workers to mitigate dust sources on site. In response, the U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) used previously developed Helmet-CAM technology to design and engage in a behavioral/engineering cooperative intervention to initiate and enhance mine site conversations about the risks and potential occurrences of respirable silica dust exposures on the job as well as provide impetus and solutions for mitigating higher sources of dust...
July 2017: Mining Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867830/effects-of-mine-strata-thermal-behavior-and-mine-initial-temperatures-on-mobile-refuge-alternative-temperature
#19
D S Yantek, L Yan, P T Bissert, M D Klein
Federal regulations require the installation of refuge alternatives (RAs) in underground coal mines. Mobile RAs have a limited ability to dissipate heat, and heat buildup can lead to a life-threatening condition as the RA internal air temperature and relative humidity increase. The U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) performed heat testing on a 10-person tent-type training RA and contracted ThermoAnalytics Inc. to develop a validated thermal simulation model of the tested RA. The model was used to examine the effects of the constant mine strata temperature assumption, initial mine air temperature, initial mine strata surface temperature (MSST), initial mine strata temperature at depth (MSTD) and mine strata thermal behavior on RA internal air temperature using 117 W (400 Btu/h) of sensible heat input per simulated miner...
April 2017: Mining Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865428/psychosocial-stressors-contributing-to-emergency-psychiatric-service-utilization-in-a-sample-of-ethno-culturally-diverse-clients-with-psychosis-in-toronto
#20
Martin Rotenberg, Andrew Tuck, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Understanding the psychosocial stressors of people with psychoses from minority ethnic groups may help in the development of culturally appropriate services. This study aimed to compare psychosocial factors associated with attendance at an emergency department (ED) for six ethnic groups. Preventing crises or supporting people better in the community may decrease hospitalization and improve outcomes. METHOD: A cohort was created by retrospective case note analysis of people of East-Asian, South-Asian, Black-African, Black-Caribbean, White-North American and White-European origin groups attending a specialized psychiatric ED in Toronto with a diagnosis of psychosis between 2009 and 2011...
September 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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