keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

climate change human health impacts

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044370/the-ecology-and-epidemiology-of-ross-river-and-murray-valley-encephalitis-viruses-in-western-australia-examples-of-one-health-in-action
#1
John S Mackenzie, Michael D A Lindsay, David W Smith, Allison Imrie
Arboviruses are maintained and transmitted through an alternating biological cycle in arthropods and vertebrates, with largely incidental disease in humans and animals. As such, they provide excellent examples of One Health, as their health impact is inextricably linked to their vertebrate hosts, their arthropod vectors and the environment. Prevention and control requires a comprehensive understanding of these interactions, and how they may be effectively and safely modified. This review concentrates on human disease due to Ross River and Murray Valley encephalitis viruses, the two major arboviral pathogens in Australia...
June 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040950/green-spaces-are-not-all-the-same-for-the-provision-of-air-purification-and-climate-regulation-services-the-case-of-urban-parks
#2
Joana Vieira, Paula Matos, Teresa Mexia, Patrícia Silva, Nuno Lopes, Catarina Freitas, Otília Correia, Margarida Santos-Reis, Cristina Branquinho, Pedro Pinho
The growing human population concentrated in urban areas lead to the increase of road traffic and artificial areas, consequently enhancing air pollution and urban heat island effects, among others. These environmental changes affect citizen's health, causing a high number of premature deaths, with considerable social and economic costs. Nature-based solutions are essential to ameliorate those impacts in urban areas. While the mere presence of urban green spaces is pointed as an overarching solution, the relative importance of specific vegetation structure, composition and management to improve the ecosystem services of air purification and climate regulation are overlooked...
October 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020041/how-will-climate-change-pathways-and-mitigation-options-alter-incidence-of-vector-borne-diseases-a-framework-for-leishmaniasis-in-south-and-meso-america
#3
Bethan V Purse, Dario Masante, Nicholas Golding, David Pigott, John C Day, Sergio Ibañez-Bernal, Melanie Kolb, Laurence Jones
The enormous global burden of vector-borne diseases disproportionately affects poor people in tropical, developing countries. Changes in vector-borne disease impacts are often linked to human modification of ecosystems as well as climate change. For tropical ecosystems, the health impacts of future environmental and developmental policy depend on how vector-borne disease risks trade off against other ecosystem services across heterogeneous landscapes. By linking future socio-economic and climate change pathways to dynamic land use models, this study is amongst the first to analyse and project impacts of both land use and climate change on continental-scale patterns in vector-borne diseases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987403/effects-of-prescribed-fire-and-post-fire-rainfall-on-mercury-mobilization-and-subsequent-contamination-assessment-in-a-legacy-mine-site-in-victoria-australia
#4
Joji Abraham, Kim Dowling, Singarayer Florentine
Prescribed fire conducted in fire-prone areas is a cost-effective choice for forest management, but it also affects many of the physicochemical and bio-geological properties of the forest soil, in a similar manner to wild fires. The aim of this study is to investigate the nature of the mercury mobilization after a prescribed fire and the subsequent temporal changes in concentration. A prescribed fire was conducted in a legacy mine site in Central Victoria, Australia, in late August 2015 and soil sample collection and analyses were carried out two days before and two days after the fire, followed by collection at the end of each season and after an intense rainfall event in September 2016...
September 26, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965155/changes-in-relative-fit-of-human-heat-stress-indices-to-cardiovascular-respiratory-and-renal-hospitalizations-across-five-australian-urban-populations
#5
James Goldie, Lisa Alexander, Sophie C Lewis, Steven C Sherwood, Hilary Bambrick
Various human heat stress indices have been developed to relate atmospheric measures of extreme heat to human health impacts, but the usefulness of different indices across various health impacts and in different populations is poorly understood. This paper determines which heat stress indices best fit hospital admissions for sets of cardiovascular, respiratory, and renal diseases across five Australian cities. We hypothesized that the best indices would be largely dependent on location. We fit parent models to these counts in the summers (November-March) between 2001 and 2013 using negative binomial regression...
September 30, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960761/planetary-health-and-the-role-of-nursing-a-call-to-action
#6
Ann E Kurth
PURPOSE: To discuss the drivers of planetary health, responses, and the role of nursing in making health systems more resilient in an era of increasing stresses. As health providers, scientists, educators, and leaders, nurses have an obligation to prepare for climate change and other impacts of ecosystem strain on human health. DESIGN AND METHODS: Review of literature relevant to a planetary health framework. FINDINGS: Population displacement, new disease patterns and health needs, stresses on air quality, food production and water systems, and equity concerns, as well as the generation of sustainable energy, are all intimately related to health...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933371/the-evolution-of-pediatric-disease-a-moving-target-in-public-health
#7
Mark A Brown
There is a growing threat in the re-emergence of diseases that impact pediatric demographics. While major strides have been made in the field of childhood cancers, there are still more questions than answers. In addition, public resistance to recommended practices related to childhood vaccinations fueled by misinformation has allowed infectious diseases to resurface in developed nations. Meanwhile, climate change and other destabilizing factors are shifting vector populations and driving the emergence of new diseases...
August 31, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929882/supporting-hospital-renewal-through-strategic-environmental-sustainability-programs
#8
Peter Pisters, Belinda Bien, Stewart Dankner, Ed Rubinstein, Fatima Sheriff
Although the impact the environment can have on human health is well understood, the healthcare system's impact on the environment is a topic that's only been explored since the mid-1990s. More recent has been a realization of the risks that climate change poses to health and healthcare. Although there are numerous direct benefits for hospitals adapting environmental sustainability programs, this article examines how the systemic approach taken by the University Health Network's (UHN) Energy & Environment program not only improves the hospital's environmental performance and provides significant cost savings but also supports several areas of focus that are part of UHN's current journey of renewal...
March 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915935/secondary-ion-mass-spectrometry-the-application-in-the-analysis-of-atmospheric-particulate-matter
#9
REVIEW
Di Huang, Xin Hua, Guang-Li Xiu, Yong-Jie Zheng, Xiao-Ying Yu, Yi-Tao Long
Currently, considerable attention has been paid to atmospheric particulate matter (PM) investigation due to its importance in human health and global climate change. Surface characterization, single particle analysis and depth profiling of PM is important for a better understanding of its formation processes and predicting its impact on the environment and human being. Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) is a surface technique with high surface sensitivity, high spatial resolution chemical imaging and unique depth profiling capabilities...
October 9, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904964/plague-a-millenary-infectious-disease-reemerging-in-the-xxi-century
#10
REVIEW
A J Dos Santos Grácio, Maria Amélia A Grácio
Plague, in the Middle Ages known as Black Death, continues to occur at permanent foci in many countries, in Africa, Asia, South America, and even the USA. During the last years outbreaks were reported from at least 3 geographical areas, in all cases after tens of years without reported cases. The recent human plague outbreaks in Libya and Algeria suggest that climatic and other environmental changes in Northern Africa may be favourable for Y. pestis epidemiologic cycle. If so, other Northern Africa countries with plague foci also may be at risk for outbreaks in the near future...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887502/synergies-between-urban-heat-island-and-heat-waves-in-athens-greece-during-an-extremely-hot-summer-2012
#11
Dimitra Founda, Mattheos Santamouris
Heat waves (HWs) are recognized as a serious threat for human health worldwide, with urban areas being more vulnerable due to the urban heat island (UHI) effect and population density. Yet, in the climate change context, HWs are becoming more frequent, stronger and longer, which, coupled with intensifying urbanization exacerbates thermal risk for urban residents. Despite the profound impact of this global phenomenon there is no clear consensus so far on possible synergies between UHIs and HWs. The study sheds light on the complex synergies between UHIs and HWs focusing on coastal sites...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858749/life-cycle-consequences-of-internalising-socio-environmental-externalities-of-power-generation
#12
Diego García-Gusano, I Robert Istrate, Diego Iribarren
Current national energy sectors are generally unsustainable. Within this context, energy policy-makers face the need to move from economy- to sustainability-oriented schemes. Beyond the integration of the sustainability concept into energy policies through the implementation of techno-economic, environmental and/or social restrictions, other approaches propose the use of externalities -based on life-cycle emissions- to deeply take into account sustainability in the design of the future energy system. In this sense, this work evaluates the consequences of internalising socio-environmental externalities associated with power generation...
August 28, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834616/call-to-action-the-case-for-advancing-disaster-nursing-education-in-the-united-states
#13
Tener Goodwin Veenema, Roberta Proffitt Lavin, Anne Griffin, Alicia R Gable, Mary Pat Couig, Aram Dobalian
PURPOSE: Climate change, human conflict, and emerging infectious diseases are inexorable actors in our rapidly evolving healthcare landscape that are triggering an ever-increasing number of disaster events. A global nursing workforce is needed that possesses the knowledge, skills, and abilities to respond to any disaster or large-scale public health emergency in a timely and appropriate manner. The purpose of this article is to articulate a compelling mandate for the advancement of disaster nursing education within the United States with clear action steps in order to contribute to the achievement of this vision...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834176/climate-change-related-water-disasters-impact-on-population-health
#14
Tener Goodwin Veenema, Clifton P Thornton, Roberta Proffitt Lavin, Annah K Bender, Stella Seal, Andrew Corley
PURPOSE: Rising global temperatures have resulted in an increased frequency and severity of cyclones, hurricanes, and flooding in many parts of the world. These climate change-related water disasters (CCRWDs) have a devastating impact on communities and the health of residents. Clinicians and policymakers require a substantive body of evidence on which to base planning, prevention, and disaster response to these events. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature concerning the impact of CCRWDs on public health in order to identify factors in these events that are amenable to preparedness and mitigation...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832245/health-promotion-and-sustainability-programmes-in-australia-barriers-and-enablers-to-evaluation
#15
Rebecca Patrick, Jonathan Kingsley
In an era characterised by the adverse impacts of climate change and environmental degradation, health promotion programmes are beginning to actively link human health with environmental sustainability imperatives. This paper draws on a study of health promotion and sustainability programmes in Australia, providing insights to evaluation approaches being used and barriers and enablers to these evaluations. The study was based on a multi-strategy research involving both quantitative and qualitative methods. Health promotion practitioners explained through surveys and semi-structured interviews that they focused on five overarching health and sustainability programme types (healthy and sustainable food, active transport, energy efficiency, contact with nature, and capacity building)...
August 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814655/identifying-climate-drivers-of-infectious-disease-dynamics-recent-advances-and-challenges-ahead
#16
REVIEW
C Jessica E Metcalf, Katharine S Walter, Amy Wesolowski, Caroline O Buckee, Elena Shevliakova, Andrew J Tatem, William R Boos, Daniel M Weinberger, Virginia E Pitzer
Climate change is likely to profoundly modulate the burden of infectious diseases. However, attributing health impacts to a changing climate requires being able to associate changes in infectious disease incidence with the potentially complex influences of climate. This aim is further complicated by nonlinear feedbacks inherent in the dynamics of many infections, driven by the processes of immunity and transmission. Here, we detail the mechanisms by which climate drivers can shape infectious disease incidence, from direct effects on vector life history to indirect effects on human susceptibility, and detail the scope of variation available with which to probe these mechanisms...
August 16, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810512/co-digestion-of-rice-straw-and-cow-dung-to-supply-cooking-fuel-and-fertilizers-in-rural-india-impact-on-human-health-resource-flows-and-climate-change
#17
Sophie Sfez, Steven De Meester, Jo Dewulf
Anaerobic digestion of cow dung with new feedstock such as crop residues to increase the biogas potential is an option to help overcoming several issues faced by India. Anaerobic digestion provides biogas that can replace biomass cooking fuels and reduce indoor air pollution. It also provides digestate, a fertilizer that can contribute to compensate nutrient shortage on agricultural land. Moreover, it avoids the burning of rice straw in the fields which contributes to air pollution in India and climate change globally...
December 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808479/a-multiscale-model-for-the-world-s-first-parasitic-disease-targeted-for-eradication-guinea-worm-disease
#18
Rendani Netshikweta, Winston Garira
Guinea worm disease (GWD) is both a neglected tropical disease and an environmentally driven infectious disease. Environmentally driven infectious diseases remain one of the biggest health threats for human welfare in developing countries and the threat is increased by the looming danger of climate change. In this paper we present a multiscale model of GWD that integrates the within-host scale and the between-host scale. The model is used to concurrently examine the interactions between the three organisms that are implicated in natural cases of GWD transmission, the copepod vector, the human host, and the protozoan worm parasite (Dracunculus medinensis), and identify their epidemiological roles...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806483/mandate-for-the-nursing-profession-to-address-climate-change-through-nursing-education
#19
Jeanne Leffers, Ruth McDermott Levy, Patrice K Nicholas, Casey F Sweeney
PURPOSE: The adverse health effects from climate change demand action from the nursing profession. This article examines the calls to action, the status of climate change in nursing education, and challenges and recommendations for nursing education related to climate change and human health. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: Discussion paper. FINDINGS: The integration of climate change into nursing education is essential so that knowledge, skills, and insights critical for clinical practice in our climate-changing world are incorporated in curricula, practice, research, and policy...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800413/the-impact-of-climate-change-and-emissions-control-on-future-ozone-levels-implications-for-human-health
#20
Jennifer D Stowell, Young-Min Kim, Yang Gao, Joshua S Fu, Howard H Chang, Yang Liu
Overwhelming evidence has shown that, from the Industrial Revolution to the present, human activities influence ground-level ozone (O3) concentrations. Past studies demonstrate links between O3 exposure and health. However, knowledge gaps remain in our understanding concerning the impacts of climate change mitigation policies on O3 concentrations and health. Using a hybrid downscaling approach, we evaluated the separate impact of climate change and emission control policies on O3 levels and associated excess mortality in the US in the 2050s under two Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs)...
August 8, 2017: Environment International
keyword
keyword
60018
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"