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climate change human health impacts

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446666/the-impact-of-climate-change-on-raw-and-untreated-wastewater-use-for-agriculture-especially-in-arid-regions-a-review
#1
Dima Faour-Klingbeil, Ewen C D Todd
Climate change is one of the major challenges of our time that pose unprecedented stress to the environment and threats to human health. The global impacts of climate change are vast, spanning from extreme weather events to changes in patterns and distribution of infectious diseases. Lack of rainfall associated with higher temperatures has a direct influence on agricultural production. This is compounded by a growing population forecasted to expand further with increasing needs for food and water. All this has led to the increasing use of wastewater worldwide...
February 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446033/climate-change-foodborne-pathogens-and-illness-in-higher-income-countries
#2
REVIEW
I R Lake, G C Barker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We present a review of the likely consequences of climate change for foodborne pathogens and associated human illness in higher-income countries. RECENT FINDINGS: The relationships between climate and food are complex and hence the impacts of climate change uncertain. This makes it difficult to know which foodborne pathogens will be most affected, what the specific effects will be, and on what timescales changes might occur. Hence, a focus upon current capacity and adaptation potential against foodborne pathogens is essential...
February 14, 2018: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438345/a-comparative-analysis-of-climate-risk-and-extreme-event-related-impacts-on-well-being-and-health-policy-implications
#3
REVIEW
Walter Leal Filho, Abul Quasem Al-Amin, Gustavo J Nagy, Ulisses M Azeiteiro, Laura Wiesböck, Desalegn Y Ayal, Edward A Morgan, Paschal Mugabe, Marilyn Aparicio-Effen, Hubert Fudjumdjum, Charbel Jose Chiappetta Jabbour
There are various climate risks that are caused or influenced by climate change. They are known to have a wide range of physical, economic, environmental and social impacts. Apart from damages to the physical environment, many climate risks (climate variability, extreme events and climate-related hazards) are associated with a variety of impacts on human well-being, health, and life-supporting systems. These vary from boosting the proliferation of vectors of diseases (e.g., mosquitos), to mental problems triggered by damage to properties and infrastructure...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428708/surface-water-flooding-groundwater-contamination-and-enteric-disease-in-developed-countries-a-scoping-review-of-connections-and%C3%A2-consequences
#4
REVIEW
L Andrade, J O'Dwyer, E O'Neill, P Hynds
Significant volumes of research over the past four decades has sought to elucidate the social, infrastructural, economic, and human health effects of climate change induced surface flooding. To date, epidemiological and public health studies of flooding events have focused on mental health effects, vector-borne diseases, and infectious enteric disease due to floodwater contact (i.e. typically low consumption rates). The inherent nature of groundwater (i.e. out of sight, out of mind) and the widely held belief that aquifers represent a pristine source of drinking water due to natural attenuation may represent the "perfect storm" causing direct consumption of relatively large volumes of surface flood-contaminated groundwater...
February 8, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424436/predictors-of-saudi-nursing-students-attitudes-towards-environment-and-sustainability-in-health-care
#5
J P Cruz, F Alshammari, R F D Felicilda-Reynaldo
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the predictors of Saudi nursing students' attitudes towards the environment and sustainability in health care. BACKGROUND: With rising temperature and decreasing annual rainfall, Saudi Arabia is threatened by the harmful effects of climate change on its population. In response to these threats, the Ministry of Health adapted sustainable development and environmental preservation in their National E-Health strategy. INTRODUCTION: To implement these policies successfully, healthcare practitioners should be educated on how climate change could impact human health negatively...
February 9, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417451/interactions-of-climate-change-air-pollution-and-human-health
#6
REVIEW
Patrick L Kinney
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: I review literature on the impacts of climate change on air quality and human health, with a focus on articles published from 2013 on ozone and airborne particles. Selected previous literature is discussed where relevant in tracing the origins of our current knowledge. RECENT FINDINGS: Climate and weather have strong influences on the spatial and temporal distribution of air pollution concentrations. Emissions of ozone and PM2.5 precursors increase at higher ambient temperatures...
February 7, 2018: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415781/control-of-helminth-ruminant-infections-by-2030
#7
Jozef Vercruysse, Johannes Charlier, Jan Van Dijk, Eric R Morgan, Tim Geary, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Edwin Claerebout
Helminth infections have large negative impacts on production efficiency in ruminant farming systems worldwide, and their effective management is essential if livestock production is to increase to meet future human needs for dietary protein. The control of helminths relies heavily on routine use of chemotherapeutics, but this approach is unsustainable as resistance to anthelmintic drugs is widespread and increasing. At the same time, infection patterns are being altered by changes in climate, land-use and farming practices...
February 8, 2018: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415354/climate-change-allergens-and-allergic-diseases
#8
Constance H Katelaris, Paul J Beggs
Climate change has been described as the biggest global health threat of the 21st century. The atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide, have increased significantly since the start of the Industrial Era around 1750, with much of this increase occurring over just the last 50 years or so. This is resulting in warming of the climate system as well as changes in precipitation and weather and climate extremes. These changes in climate are having wide-ranging impacts on the Earth's physical, biological and human systems, including human health...
February 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395962/potential-environmental-and-ecological-effects-of-global-climate-change-on-venomous-terrestrial-species-in-the-wilderness
#9
Robert K Needleman, Isabelle P Neylan, Timothy Erickson
INTRODUCTION: Climate change has been scientifically documented, and its effects on wildlife have been prognosticated. We sought to predict the overall impact of climate change on venomous terrestrial species. We hypothesize that given the close relationship between terrestrial venomous species and climate, a changing global environment may result in increased species migration, geographical redistribution, and longer seasons for envenomation, which would have repercussions on human health...
January 29, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392354/advances-in-transcriptomics-of-plants
#10
Naghmeh Nejat, Abirami Ramalingam, Nitin Mantri
The current global population of 7.3 billion is estimated to reach 9.7 billion in the year 2050. Rapid population growth is driving up global food demand. Additionally, global climate change, environmental degradation, drought, emerging diseases, and salty soils are the current threats to global food security. In order to mitigate the adverse effects of these diverse agricultural productivity constraints and enhance crop yield and stress-tolerance in plants, we need to go beyond traditional and molecular plant breeding...
February 2, 2018: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331087/outdoor-pollen-is-a-trigger-of-child-and-adolescent-asthma-ed-presentations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Bircan Erbas, Mitra Jazayeri, Katrina A Lambert, Constance H Katelaris, Luke A Prendergast, Rachel Tham, M Jeannette Parrodi, Janet Davies, Ed Newbigin, Michael J Abramson, Shyamali C Dharmage
BACKGROUND: In the context of increased asthma exacerbations associated with climatic changes such as thunderstorm asthma, interest in establishing the link between pollen exposure and asthma hospital admissions has intensified. Here, we systematically reviewed and performed a meta-analysis of studies on pollen and ED attendance. METHODS: A search for studies with appropriate search strategy in Medline, Embase, Web of Science and CINAHL was conducted. Each study was assessed for quality and risk of bias...
January 13, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313368/tackling-the-health-impacts-of-climate-change-in-the-twenty-first-century
#12
Nicholas Heng
The turn of the twenty-first century has borne witness to the seemingly relentless march of climate change, with global mean temperatures and sea levels projected to rise significantly in the near future. Despite considerable improvements in healthcare, mortality rates and life expectancy worldwide over the past few decades, there is increasing evidence postulating the potentially adverse impacts of environmental alterations on health in more ways than one. These not only involve direct and indirect climatic-related health impacts, but also those modulated by human aspects...
January 9, 2018: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310722/habitat-properties-are-key-drivers-of-borrelia-burgdorferi-s-l-prevalence-in-ixodes-ricinus-populations-of-deciduous-forest-fragments
#13
Steffen Ehrmann, Sanne C Ruyts, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, Jürgen Bauhus, Jörg Brunet, Sara A O Cousins, Marc Deconchat, Guillaume Decocq, Pieter De Frenne, Pallieter De Smedt, Martin Diekmann, Emilie Gallet-Moron, Stefanie Gärtner, Karin Hansen, Annette Kolb, Jonathan Lenoir, Jessica Lindgren, Tobias Naaf, Taavi Paal, Marcus Panning, Maren Prinz, Alicia Valdés, Kris Verheyen, Monika Wulf, Jaan Liira
BACKGROUND: The tick Ixodes ricinus has considerable impact on the health of humans and other terrestrial animals because it transmits several tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) such as B. burgdorferi (sensu lato), which causes Lyme borreliosis (LB). Small forest patches of agricultural landscapes provide many ecosystem services and also the disservice of LB risk. Biotic interactions and environmental filtering shape tick host communities distinctively between specific regions of Europe, which makes evaluating the dilution effect hypothesis and its influence across various scales challenging...
January 8, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302270/back-to-the-future-in-a-petri-dish-origin-and-impact-of-resurrected-microbes-in-natural-populations
#14
REVIEW
Shira Houwenhuyse, Emilie Macke, Lien Reyserhove, Lore Bulteel, Ellen Decaestecker
Current natural populations face new interactions because of the re-emergence of ancient microbes and viruses. These risks come from the re-emergence of pathogens kept in laboratories or from pathogens that are retained in the permafrost, which become available upon thawing due to climate change. We here focus on the effects of such re-emergence in natural host populations based on evolutionary theory of virulence and long-term studies, which investigate host-pathogen adaptations. Pathogens tend to be locally and temporally adapted to their co-occurring hosts, but when pathogens from a different environment or different time enter the host community, the degree to which a new host-pathogen interaction is a threat will depend on the specific genotypic associations, the time lag between the host and the pathogen, and the interactions with native or recent host and pathogen species...
January 2018: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301690/physiological-equivalent-temperature-index-and-mortality-in-tabriz-the-northwest-of-iran
#15
Rahim Sharafkhani, Narges Khanjani, Bahram Bakhtiari, Yunes Jahani, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi
There are few epidemiological studies about climate change and the effect of temperature variation on health using human thermal indices such as the Physiological Equivalent Temperature (PET) Index in Iran. This study was conducted in Tabriz, the northwest of Iran and Distributed Lag Non-linear Models (DLNM) combined with quasi-Poisson regression models were used to assess the impacts of PET on mortality by using the DLNM Package in R Software. The effect of air pollutants, time trend, day of the week and holidays were controlled as confounders...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301536/the-health-impacts-of-climate-related-migration
#16
Patricia Schwerdtle, Kathryn Bowen, Celia McMichael
BACKGROUND: Changes in climate, in conjunction with other drivers of mobility, shape human migration. While there is an increasing focus on the adaptive potential of migration, the health impacts of climate-related migration, including planned relocation and forced displacement, have not been thoroughly examined. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change stated that migration is currently, and will increasingly be, influenced by environmental degradation and climate change, and that it needs to be addressed in a focused and coordinated manner...
December 11, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295510/pollution-from-fossil-fuel-combustion-is-the-leading-environmental-threat-to-global-pediatric-health-and-equity-solutions-exist
#17
Frederica Perera
Fossil-fuel combustion by-products are the world's most significant threat to children's health and future and are major contributors to global inequality and environmental injustice. The emissions include a myriad of toxic air pollutants and carbon dioxide (CO₂), which is the most important human-produced climate-altering greenhouse gas. Synergies between air pollution and climate change can magnify the harm to children. Impacts include impairment of cognitive and behavioral development, respiratory illness, and other chronic diseases-all of which may be "seeded" in utero and affect health and functioning immediately and over the life course...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287181/what-s-hot-about-mercury-examining-the-influence-of-climate-on-mercury-levels-in-ontario-top-predator-fishes
#18
Miranda M Chen, Lianna Lopez, Satyendra P Bhavsar, Sapna Sharma
Mercury (Hg) levels in Ontario top predator fishes have been increasing in recent decades. These increases may be a result of many additive factors, including global climate change. Only recently has research been conducted on how climate change may impact Hg levels in freshwater fishes at large-scales. We examined the relationship between Hg trends and (1) local weather, (2) large-scale climate drivers, and (3) anthropogenic Hg emissions, in native cool water (walleye and northern pike) and warm water (smallmouth bass and largemouth bass) predatory fishes in Ontario, Canada, for historical (1970-1992) and recent (1993-2014) time periods...
December 26, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283890/environmental-health-advancing-emancipatory-policies-for-the-common-good
#19
Sarah K Valentine-Maher, Patricia G Butterfield, Gary Laustsen
Human health is substantially impacted by the state of the environment, and environmental degradation has a disproportionate impact on persons with less immediate access to financial and social power. This article calls for upstream nursing action to address the natural environment in order to turn about health injustices and improve health for all. Such action would move nursing towards a greater actualization of the nursing environmental domain. The health impacts of climate change, air and water quality, and toxic chemical exposure are substantiated and specific policy leadership recommendations are proposed...
December 27, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276803/projections-of-temperature-related-excess-mortality-under-climate-change-scenarios
#20
Antonio Gasparrini, Yuming Guo, Francesco Sera, Ana Maria Vicedo-Cabrera, Veronika Huber, Shilu Tong, Micheline de Sousa Zanotti Stagliorio Coelho, Paulo Hilario Nascimento Saldiva, Eric Lavigne, Patricia Matus Correa, Nicolas Valdes Ortega, Haidong Kan, Samuel Osorio, Jan Kyselý, Aleš Urban, Jouni J K Jaakkola, Niilo R I Ryti, Mathilde Pascal, Patrick G Goodman, Ariana Zeka, Paola Michelozzi, Matteo Scortichini, Masahiro Hashizume, Yasushi Honda, Magali Hurtado-Diaz, Julio Cesar Cruz, Xerxes Seposo, Ho Kim, Aurelio Tobias, Carmen Iñiguez, Bertil Forsberg, Daniel Oudin Åström, Martina S Ragettli, Yue Leon Guo, Chang-Fu Wu, Antonella Zanobetti, Joel Schwartz, Michelle L Bell, Tran Ngoc Dang, Dung Do Van, Clare Heaviside, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Shakoor Hajat, Andy Haines, Ben Armstrong
Background: Climate change can directly affect human health by varying exposure to non-optimal outdoor temperature. However, evidence on this direct impact at a global scale is limited, mainly due to issues in modelling and projecting complex and highly heterogeneous epidemiological relationships across different populations and climates. Methods: We collected observed daily time series of mean temperature and mortality counts for all causes or non-external causes only, in periods ranging from Jan 1, 1984, to Dec 31, 2015, from various locations across the globe through the Multi-Country Multi-City Collaborative Research Network...
December 2017: Lancet. Planetary Health
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