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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691562/-evaluation-of-effects-of-fluoride-varnish-on-prevention-of-first-permanent-molar-caries
#1
Lu-Dong Zhang, Yin Zhou, Ya-Qin Zhu
PURPOSE: To compare fluoride varnish and fluoride foam's effectiveness of preventing first permanent molar caries, and discuss patients' acceptance of the 2 materials among pupil patients. METHODS: Six hundred pupils aged 6-8 years from 3 primary schools in Shanghai Yangpu District were randomly selected.The subjects were randomly divided into 3 groups, with 200 students having 800 teeth in each. Two of these groups were experimental groups that receive fluoride varnish (Group A) and fluoride foam (Group B) respectively, and the third group (group C) was control group...
December 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686495/identification-of-early-childhood-caries-in-primary-care-settings
#2
Alexandra Nicolae, Leo Levin, Peter D Wong, Malini G Dave, Jillian Taras, Chetna Mistry, Elizabeth L Ford-Jones, Michele Wong, Robert J Schroth
Early childhood caries (ECC) is the most common chronic disease affecting young children in Canada. ECC may lead to pain and infection, compromised general health, decreased quality of life and increased risk for dental caries in primary and permanent teeth. A multidisciplinary approach to prevent and identify dental disease is recommended by dental and medical national organizations. Young children visit primary care providers at regular intervals from an early age. These encounters provide an ideal opportunity for primary care providers to educate clients about their children's oral health and its importance for general health...
April 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683726/shaping-core-health-messages-rural-low-income-mothers-speak-through-participatory-action-research
#3
Sheila Mammen, Yoshie Sano, Bonnie Braun, Elisabeth Fost Maring
Rural, low-income families are disproportionately impacted by health problems owing to structural barriers (e.g., transportation, health insurance coverage) and personal barriers (e.g., health literacy). This paper presents a Participatory Action Research (PAR) model of co-created Core Health Messages (CHMs) in the areas of dental health, food security, health insurance, and physical activity. The research project engaged a multi-disciplinary team of experts to design initial health messages; rural, low-income mothers to respond to, and co-create, health messages; and stakeholders who work with families to share their insights...
April 23, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683500/exposure-to-occupational-noise-and-periodontitis-in-korean-workers
#4
Su-Hyun Shim, Dong-Hun Han
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to occupational noise is reported to cause a wide range of health problems. But, there are no reports on studies investigating the association between noise exposure and periodontitis. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between occupational noise exposure and periodontitis in a nationally representative sample of Korean workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the 4th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
April 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683024/twelve-tips-for-enhancing-student-engagement
#5
Harm Peters, Marko Zdravkovic, Manuel João Costa, Antonio Celenza, Kulsoom Ghias, Debra Klamen, Liz Mossop, Michael Rieder, Vishna Devi Nadarajah, Danai Wangsaturaka, Martin Wohlin, Margot Weggemans
Student engagement refers to a broad range of activities where students participate in management, education, research, and community activities within their institutions. It is a mutually beneficial collaborative approach between students and their institutions. This article provides practical advice for the implementation or further development of student engagement at medical, dental, and veterinary schools. The tips provided are based on the experiences of a group of universities recently recognized for best practice in student engagement, and are supported by evidence from the literature...
April 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682857/fifth-year-dental-students-visions-of-leadership-a-qualitative-study
#6
H Taipale, T A Tuononen, A L Suominen
INTRODUCTION: Leadership skills are important in dentists' work. Leadership education already in undergraduate curriculum is noteworthy. The aim of this qualitative study was to describe dental students' visions of leadership: how they imagined they end up in leadership position, factors supporting either staying in or leaving the position and their future views. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data were gathered after participants, fifth-year dental students, attended a "Dentist as a Leader" study module...
April 22, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682784/promoting-oral-health-care-among-people-living-in-residential-aged-care-facilities-perceptions-of-care-staff
#7
Amy R Villarosa, Sally Clark, Ariana C Villarosa, Tiffany Patterson Norrie, Susan Macdonald, Jennifer Anlezark, Ravi Srinivas, Ajesh George
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to look at the practices and perspectives of residential aged care facility (RACF) care staff regarding the provision of oral health care in RACFs. BACKGROUND: Emphasis has been placed on the provision of adequate oral health care in RACFs through the Better Oral Health in Residential Aged Care programme. Endorsed by the Australian government, this programme provided oral health education and training for aged care staff. However, recent evidence suggests that nearly five years after the implementation of this programme, the provision of oral care in RACFs in NSW remains inadequate...
April 23, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682223/oral-health-knowledge-and-attitude-among-caregivers-of-special-needs-patients-at-a-comprehensive-rehabilitation-centre-an-analytical-study
#8
Altaf H Shah, Mustafa Naseem, Mohammad Shoyab Khan, Faris Yahya I Asiri, Ibrahim AlQarni, Shabnam Gulzar, Ramesh Nagarajappa
Aim: To evaluate knowledge and attitude of caregivers/healthcare workers regarding oral health of special need patients, at a comprehensive rehabilitation centre. Material and methods: A validated self-administered structured questionnaire was used in an interview style among 120 caregivers at a comprehensive rehabilitation centre. The first part of questionnaire collected demographic information (age, gender, experience, literacy). The other part of the questionnaire was related to the knowledge and attitude of caregivers regarding importance of oral health including oral hygiene practices, cause of tooth decay, significance of fluoride, common oral problems and need for oral health education...
September 2017: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681941/clinical-anxiety-among-saudi-postgraduate-pediatric-dentistry-students-in-jeddah-city
#9
Manal Almalik, Abeer Alnowaiser, Omar El Meligy, Jamal Sallam, Yusra Balkheyour
Objective: To determine anxiety in relation to gender, Grade Point Average (GPA), level of education and academic and clinical situations in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Also, to identify academic and clinical anxiety levels among postgraduate pediatric dentistry students. Methods: A cross-sectional study at governmental training hospitals was conducted. All registered postgraduate students in pediatric dental programs during the year 2015-2016 were included in the study...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678378/desquamative-gingivitis-clinical-findings-and-diseases
#10
REVIEW
Andrea D Maderal, Paul Lee Salisbury, Joseph L Jorizzo
Desquamative gingivitis is a clinical finding with several potential etiologies. Among the most common are oral lichen planus, cicatricial pemphigoid, and pemphigus vulgaris, though various other differential diagnoses exist. The presence of desquamative gingivitis often results in poor oral hygiene, which can have downstream consequences, including periodontitis and tooth loss. Though certain mucosal findings may be suggestive of a particular diagnosis, a thorough history, physical examination, and appropriate dermato- and immunopathologic assessment is necessary for narrowing this broad differential diagnosis...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676050/part-2-current-prescribing-trends-of-dental-non-antibacterial-medicines-in-australia-from-2013-to-2016
#11
L Teoh, K Stewart, R J Marino, M J McCullough
BACKGROUND: There is limited literature regarding dental prescribing preferences for medicines other than antibiotics. This study aimed to describe the prescribing trends of dispensed prescription medicines by dentists in Australia from 2013 and 2016 and assess adherence to current guidelines. METHODS: Data was accessed from the Department of Health of all dental prescriptions dispensed under the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) from 2013 to 2016 and prescribing patterns were analysed...
April 19, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676046/effectiveness-of-an-audiovisual-aid-on-the-knowledge-of-schoolteachers-regarding-emergency-management-of-dental-injuries
#12
Sabarinathan Niviethitha, Chanram Bhawarlal, Hemalatha Ramkumar, Senthil Dhakshanamoorthy, Hariharan Shanmugam
BACKGROUND/AIM: Traumatic Dental Injuries (TDI) occur frequently at school environment. Many studies have shown that teachers' knowledge on emergency management of TDI is inadequate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge level among schoolteachers in Chennai, India, regarding TDI using a questionnaire and to evaluate the effectiveness of a newly developed audiovisual aid (AV) as an educational tool by reapplying the questionnaire. METHODS: The questionnaire was distributed to 345 teachers in 15 randomly selected schools...
April 19, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670716/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-among-dental-students-and-interns-in-saudi-arabia
#13
Hashem-Motahir Al-Shamiri, Fadyah-Eid AlShalawi, Tahani-Mohammed AlJumah, Maha-Mohammad AlHarthi, Esraa-Mohammed AlAli, Hanan-Mohammed AlHarthi
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a worldwide healthcare problem. Dental health care professionals are at a high risk of infection by HBV. The present study investigated the knowledge, attitude and practice of HBV infection among Saudi dental students and Interns in Saudi Arabia. Material and Methods: This was a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of questions on students' knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding HBV was used...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665243/creating-virtual-3-dimensional-models-for-teaching-pre-clinical-tooth-preparation-students-usages-and-perceptions
#14
W S Lin, J C Chou, J R Charette, M J Metz, B T Harris, N Choi
PURPOSE: This research aimed to evaluate the students' usage and perceptions of using smartphones in their general dental education and learning tooth preparation with the individually designed virtual 3D instructional models in the pre-clinical removable partial denture course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Second-year dental students were asked to voluntarily participate in a survey to investigate their demographic information, general usages of smartphones, perception of smartphones usage in dental education (construct 1) and perception of individually designed virtual 3D instructional models (construct 2)...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665167/evaluation-of-small-group-education-on-the-shade-determination-ability-of-preclinical-dental-students-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
N Corcodel, J Krisam, A-L Klotz, U K Deisenhofer, T Stober, A J Hassel, P Rammelsberg, A Zenthöfer
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of small-group education including practical training on dental students' shade determination performance compared with a control group. METHODS: Sixty-three non-colour-blind preclinical students were asked to participate and belonged to an intervention (n = 31) and a control (n = 32) group, respectively. All students received a lecture on dental shade determination. The members of the intervention group were educated and practically trained in small groups in addition...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664546/the-role-of-the-gynaecologist-in-the-promotion-and-maintenance-of-oral-health-during-pregnancy
#16
Angelika Kobylińska, Nicole Sochacki-Wójcicka, Natalia Dacyna, Magdalena Trzaska, Anna Zawadzka, Dariusz Gozdowski, Mirosław Wielgoś, Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess routine dental examination attendance of pregnant women and a possible impact of gynaecological referrals on the attendance rate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic survey was conducted that was inclusive of women up to 5 years following delivery. The questions related to socio-demographic data, the course of pregnancy and childbirth, and visits to dental office during pregnancy. For statistical analysis, the authors utilized the chi-square test, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and odds ratios...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663969/adherence-to-infective-endocarditis-prevention-guidelines-by-israeli-dentists-who-treat-children
#17
Nili Tickotsky, Sarit Faibis, Geula Gellman, Michael Shoshani, Yael Kutiner, Moti Moskovitz
PURPOSE: To examine the rate of adherence of Israeli dentists who treat children and their rate of adherence, in 2010-2011 and in 2016, to changes made to the 2008 American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for endocarditis prevention. METHODS: A questionnaire on adherence to AHA guidelines was handed out in two consecutive continuing education courses in 2010-2011 and again in 2016. Data were analyzed using student's t test, chi-square, and analysis of variance...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663907/are-u-s-dentists-adequately-trained-to-care-for-children
#18
Paul S Casamassimo, N Sue Seale, John S Rutkauskas Ii, John S Rutkauskas
For decades, dental educators have noted changes in predoctoral dental education in pediatric dentistry, beginning with shifts in patients' characteristics and their availability for dental schools. During the same period, national data exposed a lingering dental caries epidemic in U.S. children yet reported more treatment of young poor children. The professional literature suggests a reluctance of the general dental community to care for children, particularly the very young who would most benefit from a dental home...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663339/what-factors-influence-mothers-behavior-regarding-control-of-their-children-s-sugary-snack-intake-an-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#19
Tippanart Vichayanrat, Kantaphon Sudha, Komsun Kumthanom, Jomjak Apisuttisin, Nuttanun Uawatanasakul, Yuttakit Ariyakieatsakul
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the factors influencing mothers' behavior regarding control of their children's sugary snack intake based on the Theory of Planned Behavior. METHODS: We used a self-administered questionnaire to collect data from the mothers of preschool children on the factors related to their behaviours influencing control of their children's sugary snack intake, namely attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control, self-efficacy, age, income and educational level...
April 16, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660771/integrated-approach-to-oral-health-in-aged-care-facilities-using-oral-health-practitioners-and-teledentistry-in-rural-queensland
#20
Anna Tynan, Lisa Deeth, Debra McKenzie, Carolyn Bourke, Shayne Stenhouse, Jacinta Pitt, Helen Linneman
PROBLEM: Residents of residential aged care facilities are at very high risk of developing complex oral diseases and dental problems. Key barriers exist in delivering oral health services to residential aged care facilities, particularly in regional and rural areas. DESIGN: A quality improvement study incorporating pre- and post chart audits and pre- and post consultation with key stakeholders, including staff and residents, expert opinion on cost estimates and field notes were used...
April 16, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
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