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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821510/social-and-somatic-determinants-of-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-at-5-years-of-age-a-norwegian-regional-cohort-study
#1
Hilde Mjell Donkor, Jacob Holter Grundt, Pétur Benedikt Júlíusson, Geir Egil Eide, Jørgen Hurum, Robert Bjerknes, Trond Markestad
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between the weight groups underweight (UW), overweight (OW) and obesity (OB) at 5 years of age and exposures related to pregnancy, anthropometric measures at birth, sociodemographic factors, and family health, anthropometric measures and habits. DESIGN: Regional cohort study. SETTING: Oppland County, Norway. METHODS: Pregnancy data were obtained from a prospective perinatal register for children born in the county, and weight and height were measured by midwives at birth and by public health nurses at 5 years...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820730/knowledge-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-and-its-control-practices-among-dental-students-in-an-indian-city
#2
Vishal Khandelwal, Sushma Khandelwal, Neetu Gupta, Ullal Anand Nayak, Namrata Kulshreshtha, Sudhindra Baliga
Background Hepatitis B virus infection is a general cause of chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepato-cellular carcinoma worldwide. It is highly contagious. It is an important reason for morbidity and mortality in the Indian population. Oral health professionals are at the highest risk. Vaccination for hepatitis B can prevent this deadly disease. Methods The present study was designed to evaluate the degree of awareness, knowledge of hepatitis B infection and status of hepatitis B vaccination among dental students...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819982/hiv-testing-in-the-dental-setting-perspectives-and-practices-of-experienced-dental-professionals
#3
Carrigan L Parish, Karolynn Siegel, Terri Liguori, Stephen N Abel, Harold A Pollack, Margaret R Pereyra, Lisa R Metsch
The dental setting is a largely untapped venue to identify patients with undiagnosed HIV infection. Yet, uptake of rapid HIV testing within the dental community remains low. This study sought to better understand the experiences of dental professionals who have administered the test and how these experiences might inform efforts to promote greater uptake of rapid HIV testing in dental settings. Qualitative interviews were conducted with United States dentists (N = 37) and hygienists (N = 5) who offered rapid HIV testing in their practices...
August 18, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817738/compliance-with-supportive-periodontal-treatment-in-patients-with-dental-implants
#4
Kai-Fang Hu, Ying-Chu Lin, Kun-Yen Ho, Yu-Hsiang Chou
PURPOSE: The need for dental implants is increasing, and supportive periodontal treatment can achieve long-term success and prevent peri-implantitis. Contributing factors to noncompliance with long-term scheduled supportive periodontal treatment remain unclear. To investigate whether demographic and clinical characteristics are associated with noncompliance, the authors analyzed data for patients who had received dental implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors recruited patients participating in a supportive periodontal treatment program after receiving permanent prostheses on implants placed from 2005 to 2013...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816196/denture-hygiene-knowledge-and-practices-among-complete-denture-wearers-attending-a-postgraduate-dental-institute
#5
Thatapudi Shankar, Snigdha Gowd, Vinay Suresan, Sneha Mantri, Sudhanshu Saxena, Prateek Mishra, Pragya Panday
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the denture hygiene knowledge and practices among patients using complete dentures attending a postgraduate dental hospital in Jabalpur city. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between hygiene knowledge and practices to the denture wearer's gender, education, and income. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire involving the complete denture patients attending the Department of Prosthodontics...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815661/effectiveness-of-oral-health-education-on-oral-hygiene-and-dental-caries-in-schoolchildren-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Caroline Stein, Nathália Maria Lopes Santos, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Fernando Neves Hugo
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of oral health educational actions in the school context in improving oral hygiene and dental caries in schoolchildren through systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Clinical trials with schoolchildren between 5 and 18 years old were included. Eligible studies were those which had as outcomes caries, plaque accumulation, gingivitis, toothache or tooth loss and which had been published from 1995 to 2015, in any language...
August 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814185/veterinary-dental-continuing-education-calendar
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812320/the-relationship-between-periodontal-disease-tooth-loss-and-decreased-skeletal-bone-mineral-density-in-ageing-women
#8
Ivana Savić Pavičin, Jelena Dumančić, Tomislav Jukić, Tomislav Badel
AIM: Osteoporosis and periodontitis are both chronic diseases characterised by bone loss. Potential association is of great clinical importance because of multifactorial aetiology and common risk factors. The aim of this study was to determine relationship between bone mineral density (BMD), tooth loss and periodontal status taking into account age, number of years since onset of menopause and educational level. With increasing age, number of years since onset of menopause and lower educational level, decreased BMD, deteriorating periodontal status and greater tooth loss are expected...
August 15, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811801/pakistan-journal-of-medical-sciences-a-bibliometric-assessment-2001-2010
#9
Zameer Hussain Baladi, Loung V Umedani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the growth of scientific research, authors' productivity, affiliation with the institute and geographic locations published in the Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences during the period of 2001 - 2010. METHODS: This numerical analysis was conducted during mid-August 2016 to mid-October, 2016. The data for the study was downloaded from websites of e-journal of Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences (PJMS) and Pak Medi-Net Com...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808702/virtual-simulation-teaching-centre-in-dental-education-a-report-from-fujian-medical-university-china
#10
Hao Yu, Chang Yuan Zhang, Si Hui Zhang, Hui Cheng, Jiang Chen
This report gives a brief introduction to the Virtual Simulation Teaching Centre of Fujian Medical University School of Stomatology (VSFMUSS), China. As one of the best dental simulation laboratories in China, the VSFMUSS aims to train dental students and clinicians to be professionals who are able to provide optimal oral health care by giving them the best virtual patient care experience possible in a nonclinical setting. The features, achievements and future directions of the VSFMUSS are addressed. Moreover, the role of the VSFMUSS was evaluated and discussed based on the students' and faculties' perceptions, rate of employment after graduation, and so on...
2017: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806431/association-between-personality-traits-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Javier Montero, Cristina Gómez-Polo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among subjects with typical, atypically positive, and atypically negative personality trait scores within the five basic dimensions of personality (neuroticism, extroversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 235 subjects not seeking dental treatment were recruited from the families and acquaintances of dental students from the University of Salamanca...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805024/sign-language-in-dental-education-a-new-nexus
#12
T Jones, K Cumberbatch
FOCUS: The introduction of the landmark mandatory teaching of sign language to undergraduate dental students at the University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona Campus in Kingston, Jamaica, to bridge the communication gap between dentists and their patients is reviewed. LITERATURE REVIEW: A review of over 90 Doctor of Dental Surgery and Doctor of Dental Medicine curricula in North America, the United Kingdom, parts of Europe and Australia showed no inclusion of sign language in those curricula as a mandatory component...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804997/does-dental-hygienist-professional-education-meet-the-needs-of-working-life-educators-views
#13
T-L Jokiaho, P Kaakinen, J I Virtanen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the compatibility of dental hygienist education with working life from the perspective of their educators. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study among principal educators of dental hygienists in Finland in 2012-2013. The participants were leading educators of dental hygienists (n = 13) from the four Finnish education units. We used semi-structured interviews based on previous Nordic studies to collect the data and analysed them using inductive content analysis...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800670/-oral-health-and-pregnancy-patient-survey-using-a-questionnaire
#14
Tobias Odermatt, Andreas Schötzau, Irene Hoesli
Introduction and Hypothesis This study investigated how well pregnant patients were informed about the causes and effects of gingivitis during pregnancy. Factors such as age, level of education and nationality were taken into account. Data was collected for the overall oral hygiene of the patients and differences between outpatient and inpatient pregnancies were shown. Possible risk factors in terms of birth results were also defined. Methods With the use of a questionnaire, 83 patients (40 outpatients/43 inpatients) were asked about their oral hygiene, as well as their knowledge pertaining to the causes and effects of gingivitis...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798430/contemporary-operative-caries-management-consensus-recommendations-on-minimally-invasive-caries-removal
#15
A Banerjee, J E Frencken, F Schwendicke, N P T Innes
The International Caries Consensus Collaboration (ICCC) presented recommendations on terminology, on carious tissue removal and on managing cavitated carious lesions. It identified 'dental caries' as the name of the disease that dentists should manage, and the importance of controlling the activity of existing cavitated lesions to preserve hard tissues, maintain pulp sensibility and retain functional teeth in the long term. The ICCC recommended the level of hardness (soft, leathery, firm, and hard dentine) as the criterion for determining the clinical consequences of the disease and defined new strategies for carious tissue removal: 1) Selective removal of carious tissue - including selective removal to soft dentine and selective removal to firm dentine; 2) stepwise removal - including stage 1, selective removal to soft dentine, and stage 2, selective removal to firm dentine 6 to 12 months later; and 3) non-selective removal to hard dentine - formerly known as complete caries removal (a traditional approach no longer recommended)...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795915/where-teachers-are-few-documenting-available-faculty-in-five-tanzanian-medical-schools
#16
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
Background Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. Objective To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. Design We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777322/gingival-pigmentation-affected-by-smoking-among-different-age-groups-a-quantitative-analysis-of-gingival-pigmentation-using-clinical-oral-photographs
#17
Tomotaka Kato, Shinsuke Mizutani, Hiroya Takiuchi, Seiichi Sugiyama, Takashi Hanioka, Toru Naito
The presence of any age-related differences in gingival pigmentation associated with smoking, particularly in a young population, remains to be fully investigated. The purpose of this study was to determine the age-related differences in smoking gingival pigmentation. Gingival pigmentation was analyzed using the gingival melanosis record (GMR) and Hedin's classification with frontal oral photographs taken at 16 dental offices in Japan. Participants were categorized into 10-year age groups, and their baseline photographs were compared...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771952/prevalence-and-determinants-of-frailty-and-associated-comorbidities-among-older-gurkha-welfare-pensioners-in-nepal
#18
Sirjana Devkota, Bruce Anderson, Roy L Soiza, Phyo K Myint
AIM: Population aging is increasing in low-income countries. Despite this, there is distinct lack of knowledge about the prevalence of comorbidities and determinants of frailty among older people in these countries. METHODS: We examined data from "Health and Social Care Needs Assessment Survey of the Gurkha Welfare Pensioners" carried out in 2014. Participants were aged ≥60 years from the Gorakha, Lamjung and Tanahu districts of Nepal. Face-to-face interviews were carried out using validated questionnaires...
August 2, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771417/oral-and-dental-aspects-of-child-abuse-and-neglect
#19
Susan A Fisher-Owens, James L Lukefahr, Anupama Rao Tate
In all 50 states, health care providers (including dentists) are mandated to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect in children and the role of pediatric care providers and dental providers in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may raise suspicion for child abuse or neglect...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770188/early-childhood-caries-prevalence-risk-factors-and-prevention
#20
REVIEW
Sukumaran Anil, Pradeep S Anand
Early childhood caries (ECC) is major oral health problem, mainly in socially disadvantaged populations. ECC affects infants and preschool children worldwide. The prevalence of ECC differs according to the group examined, and a prevalence of up to 85% has been reported for disadvantaged groups. ECC is the presence of one or more decayed, missing, or filled primary teeth in children aged 71 months (5 years) or younger. It begins with white-spot lesions in the upper primary incisors along the margin of the gingiva...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
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