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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107137/interprofessional-education-in-an-orthodontic-outreach-training-centre
#1
Richard Cure
Interprofessional education (IPE) describes those occasions when students from two or more professions learn about, from and with each other to enable effective collaboration and improve health outcomes. In the UK, orthodontic treatment is now delivered by a highly skilled team. Historically, education and training for orthodontic team members has been delivered 'uniprofessionally' in secondary care hospital settings, despite 96% of dental care, including orthodontics, being delivered in primary care. This paper describes an evaluation of IPE in Leamington Spa Orthodontics (LSO), a University-approved, primary care outreach training centre, where all members of the orthodontic team deliver patient care and are educated together in an IPE environment...
November 1, 2016: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107133/patient-feedback-on-orthodontic-therapist-student-outreach-training
#2
Robert S Ireland, Elizabeth M Hopkins
The introduction of orthodontic therapists as a new group of dental care professionals (DCPs) requires that their training in specialist orthodontic practices has provision for monitoring the level of supervision and clinical care provided by the students. The University of Warwick Diploma in Orthodontic Therapy programme has developed a patient questionnaire with the aim of assessing the patient's perception of the student. The observational questionnaire was designed to cover the four General Dental Council (GDC) domains and learning outcomes for orthodontic therapists, such that patient response could potentially provide valuable feedback to support the training programme...
November 1, 2016: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103723/scholar-outcomes-for-dental-internship-research-program-in-saudi-arabia-a-qualitative-evaluation
#3
Laila A Bahammam, Amal I Linjawi
OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential, challenges and needs for internship research activities in achieving scholar outcomes among graduates. METHODS: A qualitative general needs assessment and evaluation of an internship research program was conducted at King Abdulaziz University, Faculty of Dentistry (KAUFD), KSA, from December 2014 to February 2015 using focus groups and interviews. The participants included: administrates, faculty, and internship students. Data were transcribed and analyzed following the grounded theory...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100024/evaluation-of-cast-re-orientation-on-a-dental-surveyor-using-three-tripod-techniques-a-survey-and-in-vitro-study
#4
Mohammed E Sayed, Idris A Busaily, Rana J Nahari, Ruaa O Hakami, Sami M Maashi, Naveen R Ramireddy
PURPOSE: To survey different educational levels (i.e., students, interns, technicians, and prosthodontic faculty) with regard to their opinions, attitudes, and adoption of three selected tripod techniques. The study will also investigate the accuracy of these techniques to reposition casts on the dental surveyor in anterio-posterior (AP) and lateral directions at both technique and educational levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tripod points, scored lines, and cemented post tripod techniques were used in this study...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099579/factors-for-determining-dental-anxiety-in-preschool-children-with-severe-dental-caries
#5
Jenny Abanto, Evelyn Alvarez Vidigal, Thiago Saads Carvalho, Stella Núbia Coelho de Sá, Marcelo Bönecker
The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and socioeconomic indicators associated with dental anxiety in preschool children with severe dental caries. A total of 100 children between 3 and 5 years of age were selected during a dental screening procedure. The selection criteria were having at least one tooth with dental caries and a visible pulpal involvement, ulceration, fistula, and abscess (PUFA) index of ≥1 in primary teeth. Before the clinical examination or any treatment procedure was performed, we evaluated the children's dental anxiety using the Facial Image Scale (FIS)...
January 16, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093086/do-children-s-previous-dental-experience-and-fear-affect-their-perceived-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-ohrqol
#6
Leena Merdad, Azza A El-Housseiny
BACKGROUND: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) has been used to describe the consequences of oral health conditions and treatments in children. A better understanding of OHRQoL and its relationship with dental fear and previous dental experience is necessary to improve children's oral health status. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of dental history and experience with dental fear and the OHRQoL of children aged 11 to 14 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a multi-stage stratified sample of 1,312 middle school children...
January 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093024/reliability-and-validity-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-rapid-estimate-of-adult-literacy-in-dentistry-treald-30
#7
Kadriye Peker, Taha Emre Köse, Beliz Güray, Ömer Uysal, Tamer Lütfi Erdem
OBJECTIVE: To culturally adapt the Turkish version of Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (TREALD-30) for Turkish-speaking adult dental patients and to evaluate its psychometric properties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After translation and cross-cultural adaptation, TREALD-30 was tested in a sample of 127 adult patients who attended a dental school clinic in Istanbul. Data were collected through clinical examinations and self-completed questionnaires, including TREALD-30, the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP), the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM), two health literacy screening questions, and socio-behavioral characteristics...
January 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091963/pilot-test-of-survey-to-assess-dental-and-dental-hygiene-student-human-papillomavirus-related-oropharyngeal-cancer-knowledge-perceptions-and-clinical-practices
#8
Holdunn Rutkoski, Brynn Fowler, Ryan Mooney, Lisa Pappas, Barbara L Dixon, Lilliam M Pinzon, James Winkler, Deanna Kepka
This was the first study to develop and pilot test an assessment tool for the examination of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) knowledge, perceptions, and clinical practices of oral health students. An interdisciplinary team developed the tool using surveys that examined this topic in other populations. The tool was then pilot tested at two different dental programs. Results from the pilot informed revisions to the final version of the tool. Of the 46 student participants, 18 were first-year dental hygiene and 28 were first-year dental students...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079917/did-you-know-medicare-does-not-usually-include-a-dental-benefit-findings-from-a-multisite-investigation-of-oral-health-literacy
#9
Mark D Macek, Kathryn A Atchison, William Wells, Don Haynes, Ruth M Parker, Haiyan Chen
OBJECTIVES: Medicare does not usually include a dental benefit. Adults who are unaware of this fact risk unanticipated expenses after retirement. This report will explore the sociodemographic and oral health literacy determinants of this knowledge. METHODS: Data came from the Multi-Site Oral Health Literacy Research Study, a survey of patients presenting to two university dental clinics. Sociodemographic descriptors included age, sex, race/ethnicity, education level, and dental insurance status...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068973/patterns-of-use-of-oral-health-care-services-and-barriers-to-dental-care-among-ambulatory-older-chilean
#10
Rodrigo Mariño, Rodrigo A Giacaman
BACKGROUND: This paper describes the patterns of use of oral health care services among ambulant 65-74 years or older adults, living in the Maule Region of Chile, factors associated with their use of oral health care services, and self-reported barriers to using oral health care services. METHODS: Four hundred and thirty eight older adults, aged 65-74 years, living independently in the community were orally examined and underwent an oral health interview. Recency of visits was related to the use of oral health care services within the 12 months prior to the study...
January 9, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068793/utilization-of-preventive-dental-services-before-and-after-health-insurance-covered-dental-scaling-in-korea
#11
Young-Eun Jang, Chun-Bae Kim, Nam-Hee Kim
Health insurance reduces the economic burden of diseases and enhances access to medical services. This study compared, among social classes, the utilization of preventive dental service before and after health insurance covered dental scaling. We analyzed time-series secondary data for 3  175  584 participants from 253 survey areas nationwide in the Community Health Survey (2009-2014) in Korea. The weighted proportion of participants who underwent dental scaling was defined as the scaling rate. Data regarding demographic and socioeconomic characteristics were collected...
January 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064379/investigating-social-inequalities-in-older-adults-dentition-and-the-role-of-dental-service-use-in-14-european-countries
#12
Jing Shen, Stefan Listl
BACKGROUND: Oral disease, despite being largely preventable, remains the most common chronic disease worldwide and has a significant negative impact on quality of life, particularly among older adults. OBJECTIVE: This study is the first to comprehensively and at a large scale (14 European countries) measure the social inequalities in the number of natural teeth (an informative oral health marker) in the over 50-year-old population and to investigate the extent to which such inequalities are attributable to dental service use...
January 7, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060838/attitudes-and-readiness-of-students-of-healthcare-professions-towards-interprofessional-learning
#13
Mari Kannan Maharajan, Kingston Rajiah, Suan Phaik Khoo, Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Ranjit De Alwis, Hui Cing Chui, Lui Lee Tan, Yee Ning Tan, Shin Yee Lau
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the attitudes and readiness of students of healthcare professions towards interprofessional learning. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study design was used. Two different scales were used to measure the readiness for and perception of interprofessional learning; these were the 'Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale' and the 'Interdisciplinary Education Perception Scale'. A convenience sampling method was employed. The sample was drawn from undergraduate students enrolled in years 1 to 5 of medical, dental, pharmacy and health sciences programme...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052471/can-oral-health-education-be-delivered-to-high-caries-risk-children-and-their-parents-using-a-computer-game-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Ahmad Aljafari, Jennifer Elizabeth Gallagher, Marie Therese Hosey
BACKGROUND: Families of children undergoing general anaesthesia (GA) for caries management requested that oral health advice is delivered using audio-visual media. OBJECTIVE: To compare an oral health education computer game to one-to-one education. DESIGN: A blind randomised controlled trial of 4- to 10-year-old children scheduled for GA due to caries. Primary outcome measures were (1) parent and child satisfaction with education method; (2) improvements in child's dietary knowledge; and (3) changes in child's diet and toothbrushing habits...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050981/intricate-evaluation-of-association-between-dental-caries-and-obesity-among-the-children-in-al-kharj-city-saudi-arabia
#15
Mohammed As Abu El Qomsan, Mohammed N Alasqah, Fahad A Alqahtani, Mohammed Aa Alobaydaa, Muteb M Alharbi, Zaheer Kola
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and obesity are two of the most prevalent health conditions affecting children. Relative decrease in corporeal movements, escalating inactive lifestyles, and changes in dietary factors are strongly linked with the increasing incidence of overweight and obesity. Furthermore, obesity increases the risk of chronic disease and dental caries that significantly affects the quality of life of young children. The present study intends to explore the relationship between dental caries and obesity in children in Al-Kharj city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050508/factors-affecting-tooth-retention-among-adult-population-of-dharwad-district-india
#16
Salma H Mulla, Nurul Ameen Inamdar, K V V Prasad
INTRODUCTION: Oral health in relation to general health is influen-ced by the retention of teeth. Understanding factors affecting tooth retention will help health and social policy-makers to translate the knowledge on tooth retention into action programs for improving oral health of the people and hence enhance tooth retention. AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the factors affecting tooth retention among adult population of Dharwad district, India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050318/changes-in-dental-care-access-upon-health-care-benefit-expansion-to-include-scaling
#17
Hee-Jung Park, Jun Hyup Lee, Sujin Park, Tae-Il Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a policy change to expand Korean National Health Insurance (KNHI) benefit coverage to include scaling on access to dental care at the national level. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 12,794 adults aged 20 to 64 years from Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (2010-2014) was analyzed. To examine the effect of the policy on the outcomes of interest (unmet dental care needs and preventive dental care utilization in the past year), an estimates-based probit model was used, incorporating marginal effects with a complex sampling structure...
December 2016: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049678/the-relationship-between-mock-boards-and-clinical-board-examinations-in-dental-hygiene-education
#18
Victoria M Martin, Ellen J Rogo, Kathleen O Hodges, Neill F Piland, Sharon E Osborn Popp
Research on the effectiveness of clinical mock boards for future oral health professionals is conflicting and limited. Despite this, U.S. dental hygiene programs rely on clinical mock board experiences as essential components for preparing students for their clinical board examinations. Differences in programs' mock board characteristics may relate to board exam outcomes. The validity and reliability of mock boards can be questioned when deviations from exam criteria and procedures are made and grading mechanisms are not consistent...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049677/dental-students-alumni-and-dentists-perspectives-on-leadership-impact-of-the-scholars-program-in-dental-leadership
#19
Audrey L Niemchick, Jessica Delgado, Russell S Taichman, Marita R Inglehart
In 2006, the Scholars Program in Dental Leadership (SPDL) was created at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry with the aim of preparing dental students to take on leadership roles in their profession and communities. The aims of this quantitative study were to investigate how SPDL alumni and current participants evaluated this program; to assess whether SPDL alumni evaluated their leadership-related educational experiences, leadership perceptions, and attitudes towards leadership activities in dentistry more positively than did non-SPDL dental students and general dentists; and to explore if leadership-related educational/clinical experiences were correlated with these constructs...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049676/power-of-peers-students-perceptions-of-pairing-in-clinical-dental-education
#20
Denise A Mills, Christine L Hammer, Aseel Murad
Prior studies have identified many benefits of peer mentoring in higher education, but the subject has not been widely examined in dental clinical education. Students at Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Arizona are paired with a partner for the duration of the clinical phase of education. The initial vision behind pairing was to train students in a realistic four-handed, efficient general practice model. The aim of this study was to assess the students' perceptions of the peer mentoring component of pairing third- and fourth-year dental students in the clinical phase of their education...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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