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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532895/motivational-interviewing-to-promote-oral-health-in-adolescents
#1
Lingli Wu, Xiaoli Gao, Edward C M Lo, Samuel M Y Ho, Colman McGrath, May C M Wong
PURPOSE: Motivational interviewing (MI) is a counseling strategy to help people change their behaviors. This single-blinded randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of MI in improving adolescents' oral health. METHODS: Fifteen secondary schools were randomly assigned to three groups: (I) prevailing health education, (II) MI, and (III) MI coupled with interactive dental caries risk assessment (MI + RA). Adolescents (n = 512) with unfavorable oral health behaviors (infrequent toothbrushing and/or frequent snacking) were recruited; 161, 163, and 188 in groups I-III, respectively...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530006/kindergarten-elementary-school-teachers-and-web-based-oral-health-related-resources-an-exploration
#2
Marita Rohr Inglehart, Gabrielle A Zuzo, Joshua J Wilson
PURPOSE: The percentage of U.S. children with poor oral health continues to be high. Kindergarten/elementary school educators could play an important role in teaching students about oral health promotion. The objectives were to assess which oral health-related web-based resources teachers consider most helpful and how teachers' attitudes, knowledge, and behavioural intentions concerning oral health-related teaching change between before and after having access to a resource website. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Web-based survey data were collected from 95 kindergarten/elementary school educators before and after they accessed a website with oral health-related information for teachers (web-link: http://media...
May 19, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527638/shared-decision-making-in-australia-in-2017
#3
Lyndal Trevena, Heather L Shepherd, Carissa Bonner, Jesse Jansen, Anne E Cust, Julie Leask, Narelle Shadbolt, Chris Del Mar, Kirsten McCaffery, Tammy Hoffmann
Shared Decision Making (SDM) is now firmly established within national clinical standards for accrediting hospitals, day procedure services, public dental services and medical education in Australia, with plans to align general practice, aged care and disability service. Implementation of these standards and training of health professionals is a key challenge for the Australian health sector at this time. Consumer involvement in health research, policy and clinical service governance has also increased, with a major focus on encouraging patients to ask questions during their clinical care...
May 17, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524327/evaluation-of-a-multi-methods-approach-to-the-collection-and-dissemination-of-feedback-on-osce-performance-in-dental-education
#4
M J Wardman, V C Yorke, J L Hallam
INTRODUCTION: Feedback is an essential part of the learning process, and students expect their feedback to be personalised, meaningful and timely. Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) assessments allow examiners to observe students carefully over the course of a number of varied station types, across a number of clinical knowledge and skill domains. They therefore present an ideal opportunity to record detailed feedback which allows students to reflect on and improve their performance...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522282/quality-indicators-for-the-use-of-systemic-antibiotics-in-dentistry
#5
Rugzan Jameel Hussein, Robert Krohn, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Gerald Willms
BACKGROUND: Risks resulted from using systemic antibiotics such as increasing rates of bacterial resistance, allergy and side effects should be always weighed individually for each patient against any potential benefits. Routine antibiotic prescribing must be therefore discouraged. The Federal Joint Committee ("Gemeinsamer Bundesauschuss", G-BA) commissioned the AQUA-Institute with the development of an external quality assurance procedure, examining systemic antibiotic use in periodontal, conservative and surgical treatments in ambulatory dental health care...
May 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514351/-essential-questions-of-training-of-dentists-for-accreditation
#6
Zh M Sizova, V N Tregubov, T N Malakhova
The paper presents sociological study aimed to analyze the conditions and methodological rationale for the basic directions of optimization of accreditation procedure for dentists. The study included 129 graduates of dental faculties of educational institutions of Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University. The material was collected by questionnaire survey and interviewing. The obtained results show that the introduced system of professionals' accreditation is an innovative educational technology allowing objectively assess the level of theoretical and practical training of dentists...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514054/how-do-educators-in-one-new-zealand-undergraduate-bachelor-of-oral-health-course-teach-and-nurture-professionalism
#7
L Smith, L Adam, S Moffat, A Meldrum, R Ahmadi
INTRODUCTION: Research on integrated dental hygiene and dental therapy courses is scarce; studies reporting on how staff in these combined scope courses teach professionalism are even more scarce. This study aimed to partially fill these research gaps. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In 2016, online surveys were sent to 34 staff members who taught into the integrated Bachelor of Oral Health (BOH) course at the University of Otago's Faculty of Dentistry; 13 were returned. Two focus groups were conducted with six BOH educators...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513787/does-the-trait-anxiety-affect-the-dental-fear
#8
Yusuf Cetin Doganer, Umit Aydogan, Hande Ucler Yesil, James Edwin Rohrer, Mark Douglas Williams, David Charles Agerter
The aims of the present study were to evaluate possible associations between trait anxiety, dental fear and the predictors of these interactions including demographic characteristics and dental history of patients applied to the dental care center in Ankara, Turkey. A sample of 607 participants (mean age: 21.02 ± 2.32) responded to a Turkish version of the Modified Dental Fear Survey (MDFS), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-T) and a questionnaire regarding previous negative dental experience. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify the association between dental fear and the independent variables including trait anxiety, age groups, education level, dental visit frequency, experience and the source of dental knowledge...
May 4, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513761/socioeconomic-determinants-of-access-to-health-services-among-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#9
Ana Paula Santana Coelho Almeida, Bruno Pereira Nunes, Suele Manjourany Silva Duro, Luiz Augusto Facchini
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the association between the socioeconomic characteristics and the access to or use of health services among older adults. METHODS: This is a systematic review of the literature. The search has been carried out in the databases PubMed, LILACS and Web of Science, without restriction of dates and languages; however we have included only articles published in Portuguese, English, and Spanish. The inclusion criteria were: observational design, socioeconomic factors as variables of interest in the analysis of the access to or use of health services among older adults, representative sample of the target population, adjustment for confounding factors, and no selection bias...
May 15, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513310/veterinary-dental-continuing-education-calendar
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504872/comparing-student-and-staff-perceptions-of-the-educational-climate-in-spanish-dental-schools-using-the-dundee-ready-education-environment-measure
#11
I Tomás, A Aneiros, M A Casares-de-Cal, V Quintas, I Prada-López, C Balsa-Castro, L Ceballos, G Gómez-Moreno, C Llena, P López-Jornet, M C Machuca, J Palés
OBJECTIVE: To compare the perceptions of students and teachers of the "Educational Climate" (EC) in Spanish public dental schools. METHODS: A group of 1064 students and 354 teachers from six Spanish public dental schools responded to the DREEM questionnaire. This has 50 items grouped into five subscales: perception of learning (Learning); perception of teachers (Teachers); academic self-perceptions (Academic); perception of the atmosphere in the faculty (Atmosphere); and social self-perceptions (Social)...
May 15, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502373/-the-oral-cavity-a-mirror-of-diabetes
#12
Matthieu Ternois
Diabetes and the oral cavity are closely associated as diabetes physiopathology affects the mouth and the oral manifestations are numerous and varied. These need to be searched systematically at every clinical examination as they are not only comorbidity factors but also have a two-way relationship with diabetes control. Periodontal diseases are the most frequent pathologies and the relationship with glycemic control has clearly been established: their frequency increases in case of uncontrolled glycemia, which makes them a good marker of glycated hemoglobin...
May 10, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502088/limited-impact-of-awareness-raising-campaigns-on-hepatitis-c-testing-practices-among-general-practitioners
#13
A McLeod, B L Cullen, S J Hutchinson, K M Roy, J F Dillon, E A Stewart, D J Goldberg
The global hepatitis strategy calls for increased effort to diagnose those infected, with a target of 90% diagnosed by 2030. Scotland's Action Plan on Hepatitis C included awareness-raising campaigns, undertaken during 2008-2011, to promote testing by General Practitioners. We examined HCV testing practice among general practitioners before and following these campaigns. Scottish general practitioners were surveyed, using Dillman's method, in 2007 and 2013; response rates were 69% and 60%, respectively. Most respondents offer testing when presented with a risk history (86% in 2007, 88% in 2013) but only one fifth actively sought out risk factors (19 in 2007, 21% in 2013)...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497034/comparison-of-fluoride-levels-in-tap-and-bottled-water-and-reported-use-of-fluoride-supplementation-in-a-united-states-mexico-border-community
#14
Kerton R Victory, Nolan L Cabrera, Daniela Larson, Kelly A Reynolds, Joyce Latura, Cynthia A Thomson, Paloma I Beamer
BACKGROUND: Compared to the general United States (U.S.) population, Arizona counties along the U.S.-Mexico border have a higher prevalence of dental caries, which can be reduced with adequate fluoride exposure. Because of concern regarding local tap water quality, fluoride-free bottled water consumption is common in this region, raising concern that families are not receiving adequate fluoride to promote dental health. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the levels of fluoride in tap and bottled water as well as the use of fluoride supplements in an Arizona border community...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496964/oral-health-status-of-institutionalized-individuals-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-lebanon
#15
Hicham A Diab, Ziad Salameh, Ghassan N Hamadeh, Genane Younes, Fouad Ayoub
OBJECTIVES: To assess the dental status of institutionalized intellectually disabled individuals in Lebanon and the role of background and behavioural determinants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Oral health was recorded for 652 individuals (6, 12, 15 and 35 - 44 years old) using the decayed, missing and filled teeth/decayed and filled teeth (DMFT/dft) index. Data collected was statistically analysed with statistical significance set at P = 0.05. RESULTS: Overall, mean DMFT index score was 5...
January 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496274/student-self-assessment-and-faculty-assessment-of-performance-in-an-interprofessional-error-disclosure-simulation-training-program
#16
Therese I Poirier, Junvie Pailden, Ray Jhala, Katie Ronald, Miranda Wilhelm, Jingyang Fan
Objectives. To conduct a prospective evaluation for effectiveness of an error disclosure assessment tool and video recordings to enhance student learning and metacognitive skills while assessing the IPEC competencies. Design. The instruments for assessing performance (planning, communication, process, and team dynamics) in interprofessional error disclosure were developed. Student self-assessment of performance before and after viewing the recordings of their encounters were obtained. Faculty used a similar instrument to conduct real-time assessments...
April 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496255/enhanced-skills-in-periodontology-evaluation-of-a-pilot-scheme-for-general-dental-practitioners-and-dental-care-professionals-in-london
#17
S G Ghotane, V Harrison, E Radcliffe, E Jones, J E Gallagher
Background The need for periodontal management is great and increasing; thus, the oral and dental workforce should be suitably equipped to deliver contemporary care. Health Education London developed a training scheme to extend the skills of dentists and dental care professionals (DCPs).Aim To examine the feasibility of assessing a skill-mix initiative established to enhance skills in clinical periodontology involving the views of patients, clinicians and key stakeholders, together with clinical and patient outcomes in London...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496220/using-a-situational-judgement-test-for-selection-into-dental-core-training-a-preliminary-analysis
#18
E Rowett, F Patterson, F Cousans, K Elley
Objective and setting This paper describes the evaluation of a pilot situational judgement test (SJT) for selection into UK Dental Core Training (DCT). The SJT's psychometric properties, group differences based on gender and ethnicity, and candidate reactions were assessed.Methods The SJT targets four non-academic attributes important for success in DCT. Data were collected alongside live selection processes from five Health Education England local teams in the UK (N = 386). Candidates completed the pilot SJT and an evaluation questionnaire to examine their reactions to the test...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495343/multimedia-patient-education-to-assist-oral-impression-taking-during-dental-treatment-a-pilot-study
#19
Dandan Pei, Beilei Liang, Wenzhi Du, Peng Wang, Jie Liu, Min He, Yi Lu
INTRODUCTION: Proper cooperation between patient and dentist is of great help to make a good oral impression. However, patients are frequently confused when information is given through traditional verbal description. The present study compared the effectiveness of the multimedia information delivery ways with the traditional verbal manner on patients' understanding level in oral impression taking. METHODS: The recruited 191 participating patients were randomly assigned to the control group (the verbal group) and two intervention groups (the video group and the picture group) according to the information delivery manner...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495101/maternal-and-child-health-in-israel-building-lives
#20
REVIEW
Lisa Rubin, Ilana Belmaker, Eli Somekh, Jacob Urkin, Mary Rudolf, Mira Honovich, Natalya Bilenko, Zachi Grossman
Israel is home to a child-oriented society that values strong family ties, universal child benefits, and free education for all children from 3 years of age to school grade 12. Alongside the universal health-care services that are guaranteed by the National Health Insurance Law and strong, community-based primary and preventive care services, these values have resulted in good maternal and child health. In 2015, infant and maternal mortality (3·1 deaths per 1000 livebirths and 2·0 deaths per 100 000 livebirths, respectively) were lower than the mean infant and maternal mortality of countries within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
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