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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431481/arab-dentists-refusal-to-treat-hiv-positive-patients-a-survey-of-recently-graduated-dentists-from-three-arab-dental-schools
#1
Arheiam Arheiam, Maha El Tantawi, Asim Al-Ansari, Mohamed Ingafou, Asma El-Howiti, Kamis Gaballah, Wafaa AbdelAziz
OBJECTIVE: To assess intended refusal of recent graduates from three Arab dental schools to treat HIV + patients and factors associated with this intention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2015, convenience samples of recent dental graduates were included from Libya, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates. Participants responded to a questionnaire assessing personal background, knowledge of oral manifestations and fluids transmitting HIV, perceived adequacy of training and self-efficacy to manage blood exposures, attitude to risk of infection, moral beliefs and willingness to treat HIV + patients...
April 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423455/simulation-and-curriculum-design-a-global-survey-in-dental-education
#2
S Perry, M F Burrow, W K Leung, S M Bridges
BACKGROUND: Curriculum reforms are being driven by globalisation and international standardisation. Although new information technologies such as dental haptic virtual reality (VR) simulation systems have provided potential new possibilities for clinical learning in dental curricula, infusion into curricula requires careful planning. METHODS: This study aimed to identify current patterns in the role and integration of simulation in dental degree curricula internationally...
April 19, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422600/effect-of-a-school-based-supervised-tooth-brushing-program-in-mexico-city-a-cluster-randomized-intervention
#3
S Aída Borges-Yáñez, Roberto Carlos Castrejón-Pérez, María Esther Irigoyen Camacho
Large-scale school-based programs effectively provide health education and preventive strategies. SaludARTE is a school-based program, including supervised tooth brushing, implemented in 51 elementary schools in Mexico City. OBJECTIVES: To assess the three-month efficacy of supervised tooth brushing in reducing dental plaque, gingival inflammation, and bleeding on probing in schoolchildren participating in SaludARTE. STUDY DESIGN: This was a pragmatic cluster randomized intervention, with two parallel branches...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422288/general-dentists-awareness-of-how-to-cope-with-medical-emergencies-in-paediatric-dental-patients
#4
Ivana Čuković-Bagić, Sandra Hrvatin, Jesenka Jeličić, Dubravka Negovetić Vranić, Mirjana Kujundžić Tiljak, Hrvoje Pezo, Luc Marks
BACKGROUND: General dentists (GDs) should be aware of the symptoms, signs, diagnoses and treatment of medical emergencies in paediatric patients. AIM: To evaluate the knowledge of GDs in coping with medical emergencies, and to identify whether they are confident to diagnose and treat medical emergencies in paediatric patients. DESIGN: The questionnaire was conducted immediately before the beginning of national dental meetings and continuing education seminars in Croatia, attended by the GDs, in order to obtain a representative sample...
April 19, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420315/dental-care-attendance-and-refrainment-from-dental-care-among-adults
#5
Magnus Hakeberg, Ulla Wide Boman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse dental care utilization, refrainment from self-perceived needed dental care and the association with socioeconomic indicators among adult individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional survey included 3500 randomly selected adult individuals. Telephone interviews were conducted and the participants answered a battery of questions regarding dental visiting habits, health, socioeconomic position (SEP), behavioural factors and lifestyle indicators...
April 19, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417515/do-maternal-depression-and-anxiety-influence-children-s-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#6
Francine Dos Santos Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of depressive and anxiety symptoms in young mothers on their perception in relation to their children's oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Pelotas, Southern Brazil, and it was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers having their prenatal care in public health service, starting in 2008. When the children were aged 24-36 months, they and their mothers were interviewed and submitted to clinical examination by a trained team...
April 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413151/public-and-patient-knowledge-about-dental-implants
#7
George Deeb, Bryan Wheeler, Margaret Jones, Caroline Carrico, Daniel Laskin, Janina Golob Deeb
PURPOSE: The more informed a patient is about a given procedure, the better the ultimate outcome. This study was designed to compare general public awareness and knowledge regarding oral implant treatment with those of patients presenting for such treatment and to determine the sources from which they may have obtained such information, as well as the accuracy of the information. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 2 groups of patients were asked to complete a questionnaire containing implant knowledge questions and questions regarding any sources they may have used to obtain information about dental implants...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412786/-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-residency-training-in-the-united-states-what-can-we-learn
#8
Y F Ren
China is currently in the process of establishing formal residency training programs in oral and maxillofacial surgery and other medical and dental specialties. Regulatory agencies, and educational and academic institutions in China are exploring mechanisms, goals and standards of residency training that meet the needs of the Chinese healthcare system. This article provides an introduction of residency training in oral and maxillofacial surgery in the United States, with emphasis on the accreditation standard by the Commission on Dental Accreditation...
April 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406119/factors-affecting-anxiety-fear-of-surgical-procedures-in-dentistry
#9
C N Eroglu, H Ataoğlu, K Küçük
AIM: To compare dental anxiety and fear during procedures performed under local anesthesia either in the operating room or in the clinic as well as to investigate the potential factors that might influence this psychological condition. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients who were admitted to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the universities in two cities, which have a different sociocultural patient profile, were enrolled. In addition to the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS), and Dental Fear Scale (DFS), the patients were asked to answer the questions concerning previous dental experience, education level, and previous psychiatric therapy...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403843/knowledge-about-preventive-dentistry-versus-self-reported-competence-in-providing-preventive-oral-healthcare-a-study-among-nepalese-dentists
#10
Madhu Wagle, Ganesh Acharya, Purusotam Basnet, Tordis A Trovik
BACKGROUND: Dentists' and dental healthcare providers' professional knowledge and attitude towards the prevention of oral diseases may have an impact on the oral health of the general population. The aim of this study was to describe Nepalese dentists' competency in giving preventive education and treatment to their patients, and to assess their level of knowledge about preventive dental health. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 195 dentists (71 males and 124 females)...
April 12, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399716/the-lgbtqi-health-forum-an-innovative-interprofessional-initiative-to-support-curriculum-reform
#11
Hannan M Braun, David Ramirez, Greg J Zahner, Eva Mae Gillis-Buck, Heather Sheriff, Marcus Ferrone
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and intersex (LGBTQI) individuals continue to face barriers to accessing appropriate and comprehensive healthcare. Compounding this problem, healthcare trainees report few training opportunities and low levels of preparedness to care for LGBTQI patients. In 2009, an interprofessional group of students and a faculty advisor at the University of California, San Francisco, developed a novel student-organized LGBTQI Health Forum for medical, dental, pharmacy, nursing, and physical therapy students to deliver LGBTQI health content that was otherwise absent from the formal curriculum...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394107/prevalence-type-and-etiology-of-dental-and-soft-tissue-injuries-in-children-in-croatia
#12
Josip Škaričić, Marko Vuletić, Sandra Hrvatin, Jesenka Jeličić, Ivana Čuković-Bagić
The prevalence, type and etiology of dental and soft tissue injuries and relationship between the time of arrival and sustaining soft tissue injury were analyzed in this retrospective study conducted at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, University Dental Clinic in Zagreb, Croatia, during the 2010-2014 period using documentation on 447 patients (264 male and 183 female) aged 1-16 years with injuries of primary and permanent teeth. The highest prevalence of traumatic dental injury (TDI) was found in the 7-12 age group and maxillary central incisors were most frequently affected (80...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393387/dental-students-reflections-about-long-term-care-experiences-through-an-existing-model-of-oral-health
#13
Mario Brondani, Komkham Pattanaporn
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore students' reflective thinking about long-term care experiences from the perspective of a model of oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 186 reflections from 193 second-year undergraduate dental students enrolled between 2011/12 and 2014/15 at the University of British Columbia were explored qualitatively. Reflections had a word limit of 300, and students were asked to relate an existing model of oral health to their long-term care experiences...
April 10, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392819/computer-based-technologies-in-dentistry-types-and-applications
#14
REVIEW
Raja'a M Albuha Al-Mussawi, Farzaneh Farid
During dental education, dental students learn how to examine patients, make diagnosis, plan treatment and perform dental procedures perfectly and efficiently. However, progresses in computer-based technologies including virtual reality (VR) simulators, augmented reality (AR) and computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems have resulted in new modalities for instruction and practice of dentistry. Virtual reality dental simulators enable repeated, objective and assessable practice in various controlled situations...
June 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390650/garlic-burn-of-the-oral-mucosa-a-case-report-and-review-of-self-treatment-chemical-burns
#15
Richard J Vargo, Blake M Warner, Anitha Potluri, Joanne L Prasad
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: Inappropriate self-treatment with topically applied therapeutic or nontherapeutic agents frequently results in mucosal burns. Although such chemical burns typically are associated with misuse of analgesics, investigators also have reported them in conjunction with topical application of a variety of other agents. CASE DESCRIPTION: The authors report an unusual case of a 49-year-old man seeking care for maxillary tooth pain who had an oral mucosal burn of the maxillary vestibule caused by topical application of crushed raw garlic...
April 5, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387298/a-dentist-s-life-i-feel-passionate-about-dental-education
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387295/the-impact-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-on-oral-health
#17
J S Chandan, T Thomas
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) mainly comprises of two separate inflammatory conditions: Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The aetiology of these conditions is still being explored with current evidence pointing towards a combination of environmental and genetic components. However, the pathophysiology is understood as a cytokine driven inflammatory response. There is significant association between IBD and dental conditions such as dental caries, other infections and periodontitis. Anti-inflammatory medications such as 5 aminosalicylic acid (5ASA), steroids and biological therapies are the treatment of choice for these chronic conditions, dependent on aetiology...
April 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387263/implementing-peer-review-of-teaching-a-guide-for-dental-educators
#18
I M Cunningham, I Johnson, C D Lynch
Peer review of teaching (PRT) is well established and valued within higher education. Increasingly, dental educators involved in undergraduate or postgraduate teaching are required to undertake PRT as part of their teaching development. Despite this, there is a paucity of literature relating to PRT within dental education, and none that considers the implementation of PRT within large dental teaching establishments. This article describes in detail a staged process for the planning and implementation of PRT within a UK dental school...
April 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387185/influence-of-caregiver-s-sociodemographic-background-on-the-oral-health-status-and-care-of-hiv-infected-children
#19
Marina Alvine de Jesus, Apoena de Aguiar Ribeiro, Paula Moraes Lima, Thomaz Chianca, Ivete Pomarico Ribeiro de Souza, Gloria Fernanda Barbosa de Araujo Castro
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics of caregivers and the oral health of their children infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV+) compared to a group of HIV-children and their caregivers. METHODS: One hundred forty HIV+ and 140 healthy two- to five-year-old children and their caregivers who sought care at hospitals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, participated. Caregivers were interviewed for sociodemographic characteristics, and knowledge and attitudes regarding oral health...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386989/predictors-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adolescents-a-prospective-study
#20
Amir H Pakpour, Chung-Ying Lin, Santhosh Kumar, Bengt Fridlund, Henrik Jansson
AIM: In the present study, we evaluated the direct and mediating (indirect) effects of clinical oral conditions, dental anxiety, sense of coherence (SOC), and socioeconomic variables on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and general health-related quality of life (GHRQoL) in Iranian adolescents. METHODS: A longitudinal design was used with a sample of 1052 (694 males, mean age=15.05 years) schoolchildren from Qazvin, Iran. Each participant completed a background information sheet and the following scales at baseline: Modified Dental Anxiety Scale, SOC, PedsQL 4...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
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