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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216910/perceived-causes-of-stress-among-a-group-of-western-canadian-dental-students
#1
Alyssa Hayes, Jay N Hoover, Chandima P Karunanayake, Gerald S Uswak
OBJECTIVE: The demanding nature of dental education, both academically and clinically, results in higher levels of perceived stress among its students. The aim of this study was to determine how dental students at the College of Dentistry, University of Saskatchewan perceived stress. During the 2013-2014 academic year, all students were asked to complete a modified dental environmental survey (DES). RESULTS: Of the 111 students enrolled at the College that year 92 completed the survey (response rate = 83%)...
December 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215153/the-role-of-municipal-public-policies-in-oral-health-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-brazil-a-multilevel-study
#2
Violeta Rodrigues Aguiar, Marcos Pascoal Pattussi, Roger Keller Celeste
OBJECTIVES: It is known that fluoridation has a contextual effect on oral health socioeconomic inequalities, but broad public policies have not been investigated. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of municipal public policies on oral health across different social strata. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 7328 12-year-old children and 5445 15-19-year-old adolescents from 177 Brazilian municipalities. Information at municipal level was collated for dental services, educational services, sanitation and water fluoridation...
December 7, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213011/the-prevalence-of-occupational-health-related-problems-in-dentistry-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
Rajeshree Moodley, J M Van Wyk, Saloshni Naidoo
The study was conducted to report on the scope and prevalence of occupational health related-problems experienced by dentists, dental therapists, and oral hygienists in their practice of dentistry. BACKGROUND: Professional practice and dental training have many risk factors, and the dental team should be able to recognize these factors to protect themselves. The prevalence of conditions related to the musculoskeletal system, stress, percutaneous injuries, ears, and eyes are of concern...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212665/association-between-individual-and-neighbourhood-socioeconomic-factors-and-masticatory-efficiency-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-paris-prospective-study-3
#4
Adrien Boillot, Xavier Jouven, Hélène Rangé, Marie Cécile Perier, Frédérique Thomas, Catherine Guibout, Bruno Pannier, Pierre Boutouyrie, Jean-Philippe Empana, Philippe Bouchard
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of evidence on the impact of socioeconomic factors on masticatory efficiency. The present study investigates the relationship between individual and neighbourhood socioeconomic factors (main exposure) and the number of masticatory units (MUs) used as surrogate of the masticatory efficiency (main outcome). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study nested in the Paris Prospective Study 3, 4270 adults aged 50-75 and recruited from 13 June 2008 to 31 May 2012 underwent a full-mouth examination...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212087/knowledge-and-socio-demographic-determinants-of-emergency-management-of-dental-avulsion-among-parents-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Lolwa Alyahya, Sarah Alkandari, Saitah Alajmi, Asma Alyahya
<br>Objectives: To evaluate the parent's knowledge of first aid measures of a permanent tooth avulsion among parents in Kuwait and to assess the effect of different sociodemographic characteristics. <br> Materials (Subjects) and Methods<br>Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 554 parents who visited five dental specialty centers in Kuwait. Participants' sociodemographic data and responses to avulsion management questions were collected through a self-administered questionnaire...
December 6, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208792/impact-of-educational-intervention-for-hand-hygiene-on-dental-students-knowledge-attitude-and-bacterial-contamination-level-on-hands
#6
Hanadi Lingawi, Yahia Maher, Ibtesam Afifi
AIM: The present study aimed to investigate the impact of the educational intervention for hand hygiene (HH) on knowledge, attitude, and mean colony-forming bacterial counts and type of bacteria on hands of undergraduate dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 86 dental students from different clinical grades were included in the study. They were divided into two groups, group I (55 students) received onetime educational session for HH at the start of the academic year and group II (31 students) received an extra reenforce-ment session 6 months later...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205782/the-graduating-european-dentist-a-new-undergraduate-curriculum-framework
#7
J C Field, J G Cowpe, A D Walmsley
With "The Graduating European Dentist", ADEE provides a new approach that reflects best academic practice for European undergraduate dental education. The new suite of documents sees increased emphasis on important curriculum components such as patient safety, working as a team and patient-centred care. There is also an increased emphasis on teaching excellence, student satisfaction and student preparedness and support. Guidance relating to methods of teaching and learning, and assessment (educational measurement), is also provided...
December 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205776/the-graduating-european-dentist-contemporaneous-methods-of-teaching-learning-and-assessment-in-dental-undergraduate-education
#8
J C Field, A D Walmsley, C Paganelli, J McLoughlin, S Szep, A Kavadella, M C Manzanares Cespedes, J R Davies, E DeLap, G Levy, J Gallagher, V Roger-Leroi, J G Cowpe
It is often the case that good teachers just "intuitively" know how to teach. Whilst that may be true, there is now a greater need to understand the various processes that underpin both the ways in which a curriculum is delivered, and the way in which the students engage with learning; curricula need to be designed to meet the changing needs of our new graduates, providing new, and robust learning opportunities, and be communicated effectively to both staff and students. The aim of this document is to draw together robust and contemporaneous methods of teaching, learning and assessment that help to overcome some of the more traditional barriers within dental undergraduate programmes...
December 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204574/variables-associated-with-olfactory-disorders-in-adults-a-u-s-population-based-analysis
#9
Julia Noel, Al-Rahim R Habib, Andrew Thamboo, Zara M Patel
Objective: Olfactory dysfunction is known to have significant social, psychological, and safety implications. Despite increasingly recognized prevalence, potential risk factors for olfactory loss have been arbitrarily documented and knowledge is limited in scale. The aim of this study is to identify potential demographic and exposure variables correlating with olfactory dysfunction. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of the 2011-2012 and 2013-2014 editions of the National Health Examination and Nutrition Survey was performed...
March 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202172/interprofessional-collaboration-of-dental-hygiene-and-communication-sciences-disorders-students-to-meet-oral-health-needs-of-children-with-autism
#10
Kelly L Anderson, Trisha L Self, Brandi N Carlson
PURPOSE: This pilot project was intended to introduce an authentic interprofessional education experience with students from Communication Sciences & Disorders (CSD) and Dental Hygiene (DH) to develop and apply strategies to assist children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to decrease their anxiety and improve their ability to participate in an oral screening and prophylaxis appointment. The second purpose was for students to learn each other's scope of practice. METHODS: Four children diagnosed with ASD were identified as having dental anxiety and unmet dental needs...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201972/a-survey-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-iranian-dentists-and-pedodontists-in-relation-to-child-abuse
#11
Fatemeh Jahanimoghadam, Mahsa Kalantari, Azadeh Horri, Habibeh Ahmadipour, Ehsan Pourmorteza
Statement of the Problem: Since almost half of the child abuse cases affect the head and neck region, dentists have an important role in the diagnosis and report of oral and dental aspects of child abuse cases. Purpose: The objective of the current study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice of the general dentists and pedodontists regarding child abuse and child neglect. Materials and Method: This cross-sectional study was carried out on the participants of the 12th congress of pedodontists of Iran...
December 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201255/english-education-for-healthcare-professionals-in-japan
#12
REVIEW
Janelle Moross, Naoko Seki, Ikuko Morio
In a global environment, education for healthcare professionals should include cultivating human resources who have the necessary skills to work in an international arena. This article will review the current status of English education for dental healthcare professionals in Japan. After conducting a literature search using the keywords: English education, Japan, and dental, only a few studies were found that investigated and proposed suggestions for dental professional English education. Even so, these were still in the early stages with outcomes yet to be fully evaluated...
November 2017: Japanese Dental Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199342/-survey-of-periodontal-health-in-medical-college-students-after-3-years-of-periodontal-health-maintenance
#13
Lin-Hua Ge, Zhi-Kai Lin, Qiu-Man Guo, Jing Ni, Jie-Lei Qian, Rong Shu
PURPOSE: To observe and evaluate the status of periodontal disease in young people and the effect of intervention to control the development of periodontal diseases. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-three medical college students were randomly divided into group A (receiving interventions) and group B (no interventions). They were followed up for 3 years. The subjects in group A received oral health education, including selection of the toothbrush, the right way to brush teeth, the use of dental floss and interdental brush...
August 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197437/periodontal-diseases-and-systemic-disorders-what-do-our-doctors-know-a-general-practitioner-s-survey-conducted-in%C3%A2-southern-france
#14
Vinel Alexia, Vachon Chloé, Barthet Pierre, Laurencin-Dalicieux Sara
OBJECTIVES: With 39,359 entries on PubMed, periodontal medicine has a prominent position in periodontal research. Good patient care requires well-advised physicians, and whereas the dental community is informed about the relationships between periodontal diseases (PDs) and an increasing number of systemic pathologies, we wondered whether general practitioners were too. Thus, we aimed to evaluate their knowledge of the links between periodontal and systemic diseases. METHODS: To this end, we sent an electronic questionnaire to the 2350 general practitioners registered to the URPS (Union régionale des Professionnels de Santé) of Midi-Pyrénées, France...
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197432/predoctoral-and-postdoctoral-education-on-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#15
Allison Buchanan, Karan Thachil, Chris Haggard, Sajitha Kalathingal
OBJECTIVES: As the use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in dentistry continues to grow, questions related to appropriate radiation safety, training, and interpretation arise. Recognizing this need, the American Dental Association published an advisory statement for the safe use of CBCT in dentistry and recommended that guidelines for appropriate training be established. The purpose of this study was to assess radiation safety concerns related to CBCT and identify voids in current education on CBCT for the predoctoral dental curriculum and continuing dental education...
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197365/prevalence-of-severe-early-childhood-caries-and-associated-socioeconomic-and-behavioral-factors-in-xinjiang-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Yan Li, Jibieke Wulaerhan, Yuan Liu, Ayinuer Abudureyimu, Jin Zhao
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the prevalence and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) and identified socioeconomic and behavioral correlates of the disease in preschool children living in Xinjiang. METHODS: For this cross-sectional survey, 1727 children aged 3-5 years in Xinjiang were randomly recruited using a three-stage cluster sampling procedure. The "dmft" index according to the WHO 1997 criteria was used to assess ECC and severe ECC (S-ECC). A questionnaire was completed by caregivers...
December 2, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196334/grading-class-i-preparations-in-preclinical-dental-education-e4d-compare-software-vs-the-traditional-standard
#17
Marilia M Sly, Juliana A Barros, Charles F Streckfus, Dianna M Arriaga, Shalizeh A Patel
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a novel assessment software system with the traditional grading protocol used in the University of Texas School of Dentistry at Houston operative dentistry preclinical curriculum. In the study, conducted in 2016, 98 Class I preparations were evaluated both traditionally and digitally by two teams of calibrated preclinical faculty members (two evaluators for each team). Scores from each faculty pair were averaged for the traditional and the digital grading systems, and the scores for the two grading systems were compared...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196333/validity-of-peer-evaluation-for-team-based-learning-in-a-dental-school-in-japan
#18
Keisuke Nishigawa, Rika Hayama, Katsuhiro Omoto, Kazuo Okura, Toyoko Tajima, Yoshitaka Suzuki, Maki Hosoki, Mayu Ueda, Miho Inoue, Omar Marianito Maningo Rodis, Yoshizo Matsuka
The aim of this study was to determine the validity of peer evaluation for team-based learning (TBL) classes in dental education in comparison with the term-end examination records and TBL class scores. Examination and TBL class records of 256 third- and fourth-year dental students in six fixed prosthodontics courses from 2013 to 2015 in one dental school in Japan were investigated. Results of the term-end examination during those courses, individual readiness assurance test (IRAT), group readiness assurance test (GRAT), group assignment projects (GAP), and peer evaluation of group members in TBL classes were collected...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196330/dental-students-study-habits-in-flipped-blended-classrooms-and-their-association-with-active-learning-practices
#19
Cynthia C Gadbury-Amyot, Gloria J Redford, Brenda S Bohaty
In recognition of the importance for dental education programs to take a student-centered approach in which students are encouraged to take responsibility for their learning, a pediatric dentistry course redesign aimed at promoting greater active and self-directed learning was implemented at one U.S. dental school. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the students' self-reported study habits and active learning practices necessary for meaningful learning in the flipped/blended classroom...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196329/changing-health-professionals-attitudes-and-practice-behaviors-through-interprofessional-continuing-education-in-oral-systemic-health
#20
Stephanie Mowat, Casey Hein, Tanya Walsh, Laura MacDonald, Ruby Grymonpre, Jeffrey Sisler
Integration of oral-systemic science into clinical care holds promise for improving patient outcomes and presenting opportunities for individuals in various health care professions to learn with, from, and about each other. The aim of this study was to examine whether an interprofessional continuing education program dedicated to oral-systemic health improved participants' attitudes toward interprofessional education and collaboration between dental and non-dental health care professionals and whether it influenced the physicians' practice of screening for debilitating oral diseases...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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