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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230910/adhesives-for-bonded-molar-tubes-during-fixed-brace-treatment
#1
REVIEW
Declan T Millett, Nicky A Mandall, Rye Cr Mattick, Joy Hickman, Anne-Marie Glenny
BACKGROUND: Orthodontic treatment involves using fixed or removable appliances (dental braces) to correct the positions of teeth. The success of a fixed appliance depends partly on the metal attachments (brackets and bands) being glued to the teeth so that they do not become detached during treatment. Brackets (metal squares) are usually attached to teeth other than molars, where bands (metal rings that go round each tooth) are more commonly used. Orthodontic tubes (stainless steel tubes that allow wires to pass through them), are typically welded to bands but they may also be glued directly (bonded) to molars...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229019/is-there-a-relation-between-dental-anxiety-fear-and-general-psychological-status
#2
Tuba Talo Yildirim, Serkan Dundar, Alihan Bozoglan, Tahir Karaman, Neval Dildes, Filiz Acun Kaya, Eyyup Altintas, Faruk Oztekin, Osman Atas, Hilal Alan
BACKGROUND: Dental anxiety is a widespread problem in many populations. This problem can be a barrier to dental care and may lead to poor oral health. Dental anxiety may be related to psychological status. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess the levels of dental anxiety, dental fear, Beck Depression, and state-trait anxiety according to age, gender and education level in patients at the periodontology clinic in the Diyarbakır Mouth and Dental Health Center...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222729/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-dental-health-among-middle-aged-adults-and-the-role-of-behavioral-and-psychosocial-factors-evidence-from-the-spanish-national-health-survey
#3
Diego Alberto Capurro, Michael Davidsen
BACKGROUND: The goal of this analysis was to describe socioeconomic inequalities in dental health among Spanish middle-aged adults, and the role of behavioral and psychosocial factors in explaining these inequalities. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used survey data from the 2006 Spanish National Health Survey and focused on adults ages 30 - 64. The outcome was dental health status based on the presence of self-reported dental problems. We used education, income, and occupational class as indicators of socioeconomic position and applied logistic regression analysis to estimate associations...
February 16, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219353/content-analysis-of-nutritional-information-in-paediatric-oral-health-education-leaflets
#4
Amit Arora, Jenny Doan, Jessamine Martinez, Colin Phan, Gregory S Kolt, Sameer Bhole, Mark Fort Harris, Jane Anne Scott, Debra Hector
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine if paediatric oral health education leaflets with a food and nutritional focus provide messages that are clear and consistent with the current Australian Dietary Guidelines and the Infant Feeding Guidelines. METHODS: Forty-three leaflets aimed at parents were sourced from Australian state and territory Health Departments, oral health industry partners and commercial organisations, and a content analysis was performed...
February 20, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218027/veterinary-dental-continuing-education-calendar
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217581/status-of-governmental-oral-health-care-delivery-system-in-haryana-india
#6
Ashish Vashist, Swati Parhar, Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Ramandeep Kaur Sohi, Puneet Singh Talwar
BACKGROUND: Health system should be organized to meet the needs of entire population of the nation. This means that the state has the direct responsibility for the health of its population and improving the quality of life through research, education, and provision of health services. The present study was conducted to evaluate the government oral health care delivery system in Haryana, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among 135 dental care units (DCUs) of various primary health centers (PHCs), community health centers (CHCs), and general hospitals (GHs) existing in the state by employing a cluster random sampling technique...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216842/case-based-learning-a-study-to-ascertain-the-effectiveness-in-enhancing-the-knowledge-among-interns-of-an-indian-dental-institute
#7
Kamal Shigli, Y B Aswini, Deepti Fulari, Banashree Sankeshwari, Dayanand Huddar, M Vikneshan
OBJECTIVE: Time and again, it has been shown that active learning promotes critical thinking, and this environment has to be fostered in dental education too. Therefore, the present study was carried out with an aim to know the effectiveness of case-based learning (CBL) in enhancing the knowledge of dental interns of a dental institute in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This pre-post single-blinded, experimental study was conducted in two sessions on a purposive sample of 45 dental interns who gave informed consent...
January 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216840/impact-of-occlusal-support-and-perceived-chewing-ability-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-patients-attending-a-private-dental-institution-in-india
#8
Seebu Dhingra, Gururaghavendran Rajesh, Ashwini Rao, Umesh Y Pai, Ramya Shenoy, Mithun Pai
PURPOSE: Presence of functional tooth units is essential for preserving masticatory function among individuals. Representing the essence of health promotion practice, demand to measure varied evaluation outcomes is highlighted. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess the influence of occlusal support and perceived chewing ability on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among adults attending a private dental institution in Mangalore. (2) To evaluate occlusal support using Eichner index (EI), perceived chewing ability using a self-administered questionnaire and OHRQoL using Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14)...
January 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213893/disparity-in-dental-out-of-pocket-payments-among-older-adult-populations-a-comparative-analysis-across-selected-european-countries-and-the-usa
#9
Richard Manski, John Moeller, Haiyan Chen, Eeva Widström, Stefan Listl
BACKGROUND: The current study addresses the extent to which diversity exists in dental out-of-pocket (OOP) payments across population subgroups within and between the USA and selected European countries. This represents the final paper in a series in which the previous two papers addressed diversity in dental coverage and dental utilisation, respectively, using similar data and methods. METHOD: We used data from the 2006/2007 Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and from the 2004-2006 Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) for respondents ≥51 years of age...
February 17, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209159/do-coursework-summative-assessments-predict-clinical-performance-a-systematic-review
#10
Rebecca Terry, Wayne Hing, Robin Orr, Nikki Milne
BACKGROUND: Two goals of summative assessment in health profession education programs are to ensure the robustness of high stakes decisions such as progression and licensing, and predict future performance. This systematic and critical review aims to investigate the ability of specific modes of summative assessment to predict the clinical performance of health profession education students. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, ERIC and EMBASE databases were searched using key terms with articles collected subjected to dedicated inclusion criteria...
February 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207674/latino-acculturation-and-periodontitis-status-among-mexican-origin-adults-in-the-united-states-nhanes-2009-2012
#11
Dina Garcia, Sergey Tarima, Laura Glasman, Laura D Cassidy, John Meurer, Christopher Okunseri
This study examined the association between Latino acculturation indicators (language and citizenship/nativity status) and periodontitis using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2012. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses were performed and all analyses were adjusted for the complex survey design. Results showed that 63.2% of participants had periodontitis: 9.4% mild, 37.9% moderate, and 16% severe. Language was significantly associated with periodontitis after adjusting for age, educational level, gender, usual source of care, flossing, smoking, and glycohemoglobin level (P = ...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207581/the-impact-of-an-interprofessional-oral-health-curriculum-on-trainees
#12
Oren Berkowitz, Madeline F Brisotti, Leslie Gascon, Michelle Henshaw, Laura B Kaufman
PURPOSE: Despite the prevalence of oral disease, the subject of oral health historically has been absent from medical education. We have developed an interprofessional curriculum in collaboration with our school of dentistry to teach oral health in the primary care setting to physician assistant (PA) students. The goal was to create and assess the impact of a curricular model that would be adaptable to various academic settings. METHODS: A blend of classroom, clinical skills lab, observations in the dental clinic, and observed structured clinical examinations was used to teach oral health to first-year (didactic year) PA students...
March 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207343/impact-of-early-head-start-in-north-carolina-on-dental-care-use-among-children-younger-than-3-years
#13
Jacqueline M Burgette, John S Preisser, Morris Weinberger, Rebecca S King, Jessica Y Lee, R Gary Rozier
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of North Carolina Early Head Start (EHS), an early education program for low-income children younger than 3 years and their families, on dental care use among children. METHODS: We performed a quasi-experimental study in which we interviewed 479 EHS and 699 non-EHS parent-child dyads at baseline (2010-2012) and at a 24-month follow-up (2012-2014). We estimated the effects of EHS participation on the probability of having a dental care visit after controlling for baseline dental care need and use and a propensity score covariate; we included random effects to account for EHS program clustering...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206900/caregiver-illness-perception-of-their-child-s-early-childhood-caries
#14
Mary Beth Slusar, Suchitra Nelson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case-control study was to evaluate the association between parent/caregivers' illness perception and early childhood caries (ECC). METHODS: Parent/caregivers of children younger than six years old were recruited at the dental clinic of an urban children's hospital between June 2013 and September 2015. Cases were caregivers of ECC children; controls were caregivers of children without ECC. Caregivers completed the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised for Dental (IPQ-RD) assessing cognitive (identity, consequences, control, timeline, illness coherence, cause) and emotional representations of dental caries...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206895/evaluation-of-current-screening-and-treatment-patterns-for-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-among-practicing-pediatric-dentists-in-the-united-states-a-pilot-study
#15
John Keating, Jae Hyun Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide an evaluation of educational experience, screening, referral, and treatment patterns by pediatric dentists in the United States with regards to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). METHODS: A twenty-six question, multiple choice, electronic survey was developed using SurveyMonkey software. It was distributed to the 6,017 active American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) members, garnering a response rate of 7...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202926/dental-public-health-capacity-worldwide-results-of-a-global-survey
#16
Marta Lomazzi, Valerie Wordley, Raman Bedi
The World Federation of Public Health Associations' Oral Health Working Group (WFPHA OHWG) carried out a survey to establish the extent of global dental public health (DPH) capacity. Senior stakeholders in DPH completed 124 surveys, covering 73 countries and all WHO regions. The survey evaluated DPH workforce within the country, funding, education, current services, and integration between public health and DPH in countries across the world. In 62 per cent of countries, DPH is only partially integrated in the public health system, while in 25 per cent of countries it has not yet been formally integrated...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195310/the-role-of-healthcare-system-in-dental-check-ups-in-27-european-countries-multilevel-analysis
#17
Shiho Kino, Eduardo Bernabé, Wael Sabbah
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether public expenditure on health and Euro Health Consumer Index (EHCI) are associated with dental check-ups in European countries. METHODS: Individual data were from Eurobarometer 72.3, 2009 a cross-national survey of 27 European countries. Eligible participants were those aged 18 years and older in 27 European countries. Dental check-ups reflected dental visits for oral examination and getting advice on oral health in the last 12 months...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191334/predictors-of-oral-health-behaviors-in-female-students-an-application-of-the-health-belief-model
#18
Fatemeh Rahmati-Najarkolaei, Parvin Rahnama, Mohammad Gholami Fesharaki, Vahid Behnood
BACKGROUND: Oral and dental health diseases can affect the general health of students. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of oral and dental health behavior using the health belief model (HBM) in female students in Teheran, Iran. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study framed by the HBM, including 400 female students living in district 5 of Tehran, Iran. The sampling technique used in this study was multi-stage stratified random sampling...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190943/sugar-sweetened-beverage-warning-labels-lessons-learned-from-the-tobacco-industry
#19
Lucy Popova
Tobacco warning labels effectively educate consumers about the harms of tobacco and reduce smoking behavior. Lessons from tobacco warning labels can be applied to developing and implementing warning labels for sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Large pictorial rotating warnings are particularly effective. Dental professionals can be an important voice in countering the industry's efforts to create controversy around the effects of SSBs and in advocating for effective warning labels based on the evidence from the tobacco warning labels...
October 2016: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188957/factors-associated-with-perceived-unmet-dental-care-needs-of-older-adults
#20
Songi Chae, Yunhwan Lee, Jinhee Kim, Ki Hong Chun, Jeong Keun Lee
AIM: Although older adults have high dental care needs as a result of prevalent oral health problems, they have high unmet needs. The purpose of the present study was to examine factors associated with unmet dental care needs among older adults living in the community. METHODS: This study analyzed 1419 adults aged 65 years and older who participated in both the health interview survey and oral examination of the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey carried out in 2010...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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