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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431310/characterization-of-bacterial-communities-of-donkey-milk-by-high-throughput-sequencing
#1
Maria de Los Dolores Soto Del Rio, Alessandra Dalmasso, Tiziana Civera, Maria Teresa Bottero
The interest in donkey milk (DM) is growing because of its functional properties and nutritional value, especially for children with allergies and food intolerances. However, most of the available reports of DM microbiota are based on culture-dependent methods to investigate food safety issues and the presence of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). The aim of this study was to determine the composition of DM bacterial communities using a high-throughput sequencing (HTS) approach. Bulk milk samples from Italian donkey dairy farms from two consecutive years were analysed using the MiSeq Illumina platform...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429307/emerging-approaches-to-food-desensitization-in-children
#2
REVIEW
Ahmad Hamad, Wesley A Burks
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to highlight the recent advances in food desensitization in children with food allergy. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent advancements in epicutaneous, sublingual, and oral immunotherapy for food allergy in the future may offer children with food allergy and their families a viable option to reduce risk or severity of anaphylaxis with phase III trials ongoing for two of these treatment modalities. Food allergy prevalence in children is estimated to be up to 8%...
May 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421513/primary-prevention-of-food-allergy
#3
REVIEW
Matthew J Greenhawt, David M Fleischer
Food allergy is estimated to affect approximately 8% of children in the USA. This is a disease without any known treatment or cure and, for some, a disease that can be quite severe, even life-threatening. While recent advances in potential treatment have made remarkable strides, with two food-targeted immunotherapy products now in phase III trials, perhaps the biggest gains in the field have come in the advent of potential preventative strategies to avoid the development of food allergy in high-risk individuals...
April 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420126/novel-genetic-variants-associated-with-child-refractory-esophageal-stricture-with-food-allergy-by-exome-sequencing
#4
Min Yang, Min Xiong, Huan Chen, Lanlan Geng, Peiyu Chen, Jing Xie, Shui Qing Ye, Ding-You Li, Sitang Gong
BACKGROUND: Refractory esophageal stricture (RES) may be attributed to food allergy. Its etiology and pathogenesis are not fully understood. Identification of novel genetic variants associated with this disease by exome sequencing (exome-seq) may provide new mechanistic insights and new therapeutic targets. METHODS: To identify new and novel disease-associating variants, whole-exome sequencing was performed on an Illumina NGS platform in three children with RES as well as food allergy...
April 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417624/cow-s-milk-desensitization-in-anaphylactic-patients-a-new-personalized-dose-method
#5
Delara Babaie, Mohammad Nabavi, Saba Arshi, Mehrnaz Mesdaghi, Zahra Chavoshzadeh, Mohammad Hasan Bemanian, Mitra Tafakori, Mehrdad Amirmoini, Hosein Esmailzadeh, Rasoul Molatefi, Mahsa Rekabi, Nadieh Akbarpour, Farimah Masoumi, Morteza Fallahpour
Cow's milk allergy (CMA) is the most frequent food allergy in children and oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a promising approach for treatment of patients. The most challenging cases are anaphylactic with coexisting asthma and proposing safe protocols is crucial especially in high risk groups. Considering that CMA varies among patients, an individualized OIT protocol would be beneficial to achieve a safer and more efficient method of desensitization. 18 children more than 3 years of age with IgE-mediated CMA were enrolled...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416249/prognostic-accuracy-of-clinical-signs-and-diagnostic-tests-in-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-newborns
#6
Gregor Nosan, Maja Jakic, Miha Jager, Darja Paro-Panjan
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to explore the correlation between clinical signs and confirmatory tests for cow's milk allergy (CMA) in the neonatal period and their relation to family history and the occurrence of food allergies in the postneonatal period. METHODS: The medical documentation of 361 newborns with suspected CMA and exclusion of other comorbidities was analyzed. The correlations between clinical signs and methods to confirm CMA [elevated levels of total immunoglobulin E (IgE) and/or specific IgE for cow's milk, improvement after the introduction of a cow's milk-free diet and positive challenge procedure] were studied...
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414559/evaluating-the-cost-and-utility-of-mandating-schools-to-stock-epinephrine-auto-injectors
#7
Chelsea Steffens, Benjamin Clement, William Fales, Ahel El Haj Chehade, Kevin Putman, Robert Swor
BACKGROUND: The Michigan Legislature mandated that all public schools stock epinephrine auto-injectors (EAIs). A minimal amount is known regarding the incremental value of EAIs in schools. Our primary objective was to describe the frequency of administration of epinephrine for EMS patients with acute allergic reactions in public schools. Our secondary objective was to estimate the cost of mandating public schools to stock EAIs. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of EMS cases with an impression of allergic reaction and who received epinephrine recorded in the 2014 Michigan EMS Information System (MI-EMSIS)...
April 17, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411961/nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-and-respiratory-health-a-descriptive-review-of-the-last-five-years-literature
#8
REVIEW
E Verduci, A Martelli, V L Miniello, M Landi, B Mariani, M Brambilla, L Diaferio, D G Peroni
The aim of this paper is to discuss the current evidence regarding short and long-term health respiratory effects of nutrients and dietary patterns during the first 1000 days from conception. Population of interest included children from birth to two years and their mothers (during pregnancy and lactation). Studies were searched on MEDLINE® and Cochrane database, inserting individually and using the Boolean ANDs and ORs, 'nutrients', 'micronutrients', 'LC-PUFA', 'Mediterranean Diet', 'human milk', 'complementary food', 'pregnancy', 'respiratory disease', 'pulmonary disease', 'asthma', 'epigenetics', 'first 1000 days', 'maternal diet' and 'respiratory health'...
April 12, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410872/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-wheezing-and-allergic-diseases-in-preschool-children-a-perspective-from-the-mediterranean-coast-of-turkey
#9
E Bolat, T Arikoglu, M A Sungur, S B Batmaz, S Kuyucu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of allergic diseases in preschool children from one of the biggest cities in the Mediterranean Region of Turkey. METHODS: The study population included 396 preschool children attending to urban daycare centres in Mersin. In the first stage, a comprehensive standardised questionnaire modified from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) was employed...
April 11, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407952/common-food-colorants-and-allergic-reactions-in-children-myth-or-reality
#10
REVIEW
Gavriela Feketea, Sophia Tsabouri
Various additives, including food colorants (FCs), are used in the food industry to make food appealing to consumers and to add variety. Despite the widespread usage of FCs, adverse reactions related to their consumption, including reactions triggered by immune (immediate and delayed-type hypersensitivity) and non-immune (intolerance) mechanisms, are considered rare. There is a discrepancy between the perception of patients and parents (7.4%) and the reported prevalence of adverse reactions to additives (0...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396105/eosinophilic-esophagitis-a-case-study-of-a-12-year-old-boy
#11
Katherine Kiely
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an underrecognized chronic condition in which symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux are accompanied by eosinophilia in the esophagus. This disorder affects both children and adults and is associated with a history of other atopic disorders, particularly food allergies. This case study discusses the epidemiology of eosinophilic esophagitis and the proper procedures for diagnosis, referral, and management using the dietary restrictions and pharmacologic treatment included in the clinical recommendations issued by the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition; the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology; and the American College of Gastroenterologists...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392911/early-childhood-risk-factors-for-rhinoconjunctivitis-in-adolescence-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#12
Elisabeth Soegaard Christiansen, Henrik Fomsgaard Kjaer, Esben Eller, Carsten Bindslev-Jensen, Arne Høst, Charlotte Gotthard Mortz, Susanne Halken
BACKGROUND: Rhinoconjunctivitis is a global health problem and one of the most common chronic conditions in children. Development of rhinoconjunctivitis depends on both genetic and environmental factors. Many studies have investigated rhinoconjunctivitis, but only few studies have evaluated the risk factors for non-allergic rhinoconjunctivitis in children finding family history of atopic diseases and gender to be of importance. The aim of this study was to investigate possible risk factors in early life for rhinoconjunctivitis, allergic as well as non-allergic, in adolescence...
2017: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390586/an-analysis-of-anaphylaxis-cases-at-a-single-pediatric-emergency-department-during-a-1-year-period
#13
Christopher D Wright, Mindy Longjohn, Phillip L Lieberman, Jay Adam Lieberman
BACKGROUND: Case series of anaphylaxis can vary regarding causes, treatments, and follow-up of patients. Unfortunately, case series that are specific to the pediatric population are few. OBJECTIVE: To describe confirmed cases of pediatric anaphylaxis in patients presenting to a pediatric hospital emergency department (ED). METHODS: We identified all ED visits with the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes 995...
April 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389303/anaphylaxis-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department-analysis-of-133-cases-after-an-allergy-workup
#14
Alberto Alvarez-Perea, Beatriz Ameiro, Cristina Morales, Gabriela Zambrano, Ana Rodríguez, Miguel Guzmán, José Manuel Zubeldia, María L Baeza
BACKGROUND: Data on the incidence and characteristics of pediatric anaphylaxis are scarce. Reported causes of anaphylaxis are mostly those suspected by the physician in the emergency department (ED), which may not coincide with the real triggers. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence, management, and etiology of pediatric anaphylaxis in the ED of a Spanish tertiary hospital and to determine the concordance between the suspected etiology in the ED and diagnosis after the allergy workup...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386780/pediatric-asthma-and-food-allergy
#15
Haoquan Zhou, Chuanlin Dai, Jiahua Pan
OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively summarize the evidence from observational studies on the relation between pediatric asthma and food allergy. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in Medline and EMBASE (August 2016). Two independent reviewers appraised the studies and extracted the estimates of interest. Methodological quality of the included studies was assessed using National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Quality Assessment Tools. Data were pooled using random-effects meta-analysis...
April 7, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376708/food-protein-induced-proctocolitis-a-benign-condition-with-an-obscure-immunologic-mechanism
#16
Sophia Tsabouri, Nicolaos Nicolaou, Konstantinos Douros, Athina Papadopoulou, K N Priftis
Food protein-induced proctocolitis (FPIP) is the most common colonic manifestation of food allergy in infants, accounting for up to 60% of exclusively breast-fed children. The causative foods derive from the mother's diet that are then excreted in her milk. The suggested risk factors for the development of FPIP are an immature immune system, altered intestinal permeability and other factors that activate local immune function, such as genetic susceptibility in combination with particularly sensitizing foods...
March 31, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375580/inflammatory-events-during-food-protein-induced-enterocolitis-syndrome-reactions
#17
Valentina Pecora, Giusi Prencipe, Rocco Valluzzi, Lamia Dahdah, Antonella Insalaco, Antonella Cianferoni, Fabrizio De Benedetti, Alessandro Fiocchi
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of infants are diagnosed with food protein induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), a non-IgE-mediated food allergy. Until now, T-cell, food-specific mechanisms have been hypothesized. METHODS: 16 children (11M, 5F), affected by FPIES from cow's milk, wheat, fruit, rice and others, experienced 25 acute episodes managed at our Emergency Department (ED) and eight FPIES reactions during oral food challenges (OFC). We compared the laboratory data in resting conditions, in absence of infectious diseases, with data collected during the 25 acute ED episodes (blood samples drawn at 2 to 12 hours) and the eight positive OFCs (three samples at 2, 6 and 12 hours)...
April 4, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370715/l-fermentum-cect-5716-prevents-stress-induced-intestinal-barrier-dysfunction-in-newborn-rats
#18
T Vanhaecke, P Aubert, P-A Grohard, T Durand, P Hulin, P Paul-Gilloteaux, A Fournier, F Docagne, A Ligneul, C Fressange-Mazda, P Naveilhan, H Boudin, P Le Ruyet, M Neunlist
BACKGROUND: Intestinal epithelial barrier (IEB) dysfunction plays a critical role in various intestinal disorders affecting infants and children, including the development of food allergies and colitis. Recent studies highlighted the role of probiotics in regulating IEB functions and behavior in adults, but their effects in the newborn remain largely unknown. We therefore characterized in rat pups, the impact of Lactobacillus fermentum CECT 5716 (L. fermentum) on stress-induced IEB dysfunction, systemic immune response and exploratory behavior...
March 31, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364406/component-resolved-diagnostics-in-thai-children-with-cow-s-milk-and-egg-allergy
#19
Wipa Jessadapakorn, Pasuree Sangsupawanich, Natthakul Wootipoom, Oranart Suddeaugrai, Araya Yuenyongviwat
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Component-resolved diagnostics (CRD) have garnered a lot of attention in recent years in the diagnosis of food allergies. We aimed to investigate sensitization against cow's milk and egg white components, and to study the clinical usefulness of serum food-specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) to cow's milk and egg white components in Thai children with cow's milk and egg allergies. METHOD: Children with IgE-mediated cow's milk and/or egg allergy were enrolled...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363401/neutrophilic-steroid-refractory-recurrent-wheeze-and-eosinophilic-steroid-refractory-asthma-in-children
#20
Tamazoust Guiddir, Philippe Saint-Pierre, Elsa Purenne-Denis, Nathalie Lambert, Yacine Laoudi, Rémy Couderc, Rahelé Gouvis-Echraghi, Flore Amat, Jocelyne Just
BACKGROUND: Little is known about inflammatory pathways of severe recurrent wheeze in preschool children and severe asthma in children. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the Severe Asthma Molecular Phenotype cohort was to characterize phenotypes of severe recurrent wheeze and severe asthma during childhood in terms of triggers (allergic or not), involved cells (eosinophil or neutrophil), and corticoid responsiveness. METHODS: Children with moderate-to-severe asthma and preschool children with moderate-to-severe recurrent wheeze were enrolled prospectively...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
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