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Christina Carlander, Gaetano Marrone, Johanna Brännström, Aylin Yilmaz, Kristina Elfgren, Pär Sparén, Anders Sönnerborg
OBJECTIVES: To analyze if the prevalence of undiagnosed HIV among (1) all women in Sweden and (2) migrant women, diagnosed with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) reaches the threshold of 0.1%, which has been suggested cost-effective for HIV-testing. DESIGN: Population-based register study. SETTING: Counties of Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden, 1990-2014. POPULATION: All women, born between 1940 and 1990, with at least one cervical cytology or histology registered in the Swedish National Cervical Screening Register (NKCx)...
February 24, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Shantanu N Razdan, Peter G Cordeiro, Claudia R Albornoz, Joseph J Disa, Hina J Panchal, Alice Y Ho, Adeyiza O Momoh, Evan Matros
Background Immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) is often deferred, when postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) is anticipated, due to high complication rates. Nonetheless, because of robust data supporting improved health-related quality of life associated with reconstruction, physicians and patients may be more accepting of tradeoffs. The current study explores national trends of IBR utilization rates and methods in the setting of PMRT, using the National Cancer Database (NCDB). The study hypothesis is that prosthetic techniques have become the most common method of IBR in the setting of PMRT...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
Michael W Chu, Fares Samra, Suhail K Kanchwala, Arash Momeni
More than 250,000 women will be diagnosed with invasive breast cancer in the United States in 2017 alone. A large number of these patients will undergo mastectomy and will be candidates for immediate breast reconstruction. The most common reconstructive options are either implant-based or autologous tissue reconstruction, with the latter having been reported to have higher rates of long-term patient satisfaction, lower cost, and less postoperative pain. A subset of patients, however, may not be ideal candidates for autologous microsurgical reconstruction, for example, due to inadequate abdominal tissues, yet they may desire this reconstructive modality...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
Khadijeh Nasri, Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh, Esmat Aghadavod, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Zatollah Asemi
Limited data are available evaluating the effects of omega-3 fatty acids supplementation on gene expression involved in the insulin and lipid-signaling pathway in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of omega-3 fatty acids supplementation on gene expression involved in the insulin and lipid signaling pathway in women with PCOS. This randomized double blind, placebo-controlled trial was done among 60 women aged 18-40 years old and diagnosed with PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria...
February 24, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
Wen-Chen Huang, Shwu-Huey Yang, Jenn-Ming Yang
AIMS: To explore functional changes of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) after successful Perigee procedures. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed information from 145 women having achieved anatomic success, defined as <stage II cystocele according to the pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) system. The investigated data included results from the POP-Q system and four-dimensional ultrasound at the preoperative and 12-month postoperative evaluations. The involuntary and voluntary PFM functions were, respectively, investigated during coughing and squeezing using the ultrasound parameters of the bladder neck distance (BND), bladder neck angle (BNA), genitohiatal distance (GHD), and genitohiatal angle...
February 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Giulia Breveglieri, Anna Travan, Elisabetta D'Aversa, Lucia Carmela Cosenza, Patrizia Pellegatti, Giovanni Guerra, Roberto Gambari, Monica Borgatti
The β-thalassemias are genetic disorder caused by more than 200 mutations in the β-globin gene, resulting in a total (β0) or partial (β+) deficit of the globin chain synthesis. The most frequent Mediterranean mutations for β-thalassemia are: β039, β+IVSI-110, β+IVSI-6 and β0IVSI-1. Several molecular techniques for the detection of point mutations have been developed based on the amplification of the DNA target by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), but they could be labor-intensive and technically demanding...
2017: PloS One
Núria Farré, Emili Vela, Montse Clèries, Montse Bustins, Miguel Cainzos-Achirica, Cristina Enjuanes, Pedro Moliner, Sonia Ruiz, José María Verdú-Rotellar, Josep Comín-Colet
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is frequent and its prevalence is increasing. We aimed to evaluate the epidemiologic features of HF patients, the 1-year follow-up outcomes and the independent predictors of those outcomes at a population level. METHODS AND RESULTS: Population-based longitudinal study including all prevalent HF cases in Catalonia (Spain) on December 31st, 2012. Patients were divided in 3 groups: patients without a previous HF hospitalization, patients with a remote (>1 year) HF hospitalization and patients with a recent (<1 year) HF admission...
2017: PloS One
Geofrey Nimrod Sigalla, Declare Mushi, Dan Wolf Meyrowitsch, Rachel Manongi, Jane Januarius Rogathi, Tine Gammeltoft, Vibeke Rasch
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem that affects millions of women worldwide. The role of violence as an underlying factor in poor birth outcomes remains an area where strong evidence is lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) and preterm delivery (PTB) and low birth weight (LBW). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted among 1112 pregnant women attending antenatal care in Moshi-Tanzania...
2017: PloS One
Carlson-Babila Sama, Noah F Takah, Valery K Danwe, Uzeru Forchu Melo, Therence Nwana Dingana, Fru F Angwafo
BACKGROUND: The enormous challenge to maternal well-being with associated maternal wastages during labour has remained an unsurmountable problem in Cameroon which reflects the current high maternal mortality rate. Evidence abounds that cost-effective and affordable health interventions like the use of the partograph will contribute to curb the alarming number of intrapartum maternal deaths. However, little is known about the level of knowledge and utilization of this simple life-saving tool in the North-and South-West Regions, Cameroon...
2017: PloS One
Enhad A Chowdhury, Max J Western, Thomas E Nightingale, Oliver J Peacock, Dylan Thompson
Wearable physical activity monitors are growing in popularity and provide the opportunity for large numbers of the public to self-monitor physical activity behaviours. The latest generation of these devices feature multiple sensors, ostensibly similar or even superior to advanced research instruments. However, little is known about the accuracy of their energy expenditure estimates. Here, we assessed their performance against criterion measurements in both controlled laboratory conditions (simulated activities of daily living and structured exercise) and over a 24 hour period in free-living conditions...
2017: PloS One
Lenka A Vodstrcil, Jimmy Twin, Suzanne M Garland, Christopher K Fairley, Jane S Hocking, Matthew G Law, Erica L Plummer, Katherine A Fethers, Eric P F Chow, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Catriona S Bradshaw
OBJECTIVES: To examine the influence of sexual activity on the composition and consistency of the vaginal microbiota over time, and distribution of Gardnerella vaginalis clades in young women. METHODS: Fifty-two participants from a university cohort were selected. Vaginal swabs were self-collected every 3-months for up to 12 months with 184 specimens analysed. The vaginal microbiota was characterised using Roche 454 V3/4 region 16S rRNA sequencing, and G.vaginalis clade typing by qPCR...
2017: PloS One
Keiko Tagai, Hitomi Shimakura, Hiroko Isobe, Hiroshi Nittono
The effects of makeup on attractiveness have been evaluated using mainly subjective measures. In this study, event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded from a total of 45 Japanese women (n = 23 and n = 22 for Experiment 1 and 2, respectively) to examine the neural processing of faces with no makeup, light makeup, and heavy makeup. To have the participants look at each face carefully, an identity judgement task was used: they were asked to judge whether the two faces presented in succession were of the same person or not...
2017: PloS One
Daniel W Cramer, Allison F Vitonis
Whether inflammation mediates how reproductive events affect chronic-disease risk is unclear. We studied inflammatory biomarkers in the context of reproductive events using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data. From 15,986 eligible women from the 1999-2011 data cycles, we accessed information on reproductive events, blood counts, C-reactive protein (CRP), and total homocysteine (tHCY). We calculated blood-count ratios including: platelet-lymphocyte (PLR), lymphocyte-monocyte (LMR), platelet-monocyte (PMR), and neutrophil-monocyte (NMR)...
2017: PloS One
Wonsuk Yoo, Sangmi Kim, Warner K Huh, Sarah Dilley, Steven S Coughlin, Edward E Partridge, Yunmi Chung, Vivian Dicks, Jae-Kwan Lee, Sejong Bae
BACKGROUND: Although black women experienced greater cervical cancer incidence and mortality rate reduction in recent years, they continue to have higher incidence rates than whites. Great variations also exist among geographic regions of the US, with the South having both the highest incidence and mortality rates compared to other regions. The present study explores the question of whether living in the South is associated with greater racial disparity in cervical cancer incidence and mortality by examining race- and region-specific rates and the trend between 2000 and 2012...
2017: PloS One
Nosakhare Orobaton, Jumare Abdulazeez, Dele Abegunde, Kamil Shoretire, Abubakar Maishanu, Nnenna Ikoro, Bolaji Fapohunda, Wapada Balami, Katherine Beal, Akeem Ganiyu, Ringpon Gwamzhi, Anne Austin
BACKGROUND: Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a leading cause of maternal death in Sokoto State, Nigeria, where 95% of women give birth outside of a health facility. Although pilot schemes have demonstrated the value of community-based distribution of misoprostol for the prevention of PPH, none have provided practical insight on taking such programs to scale. METHODS: A community-based system for the distribution of misoprostol tablets (in 600ug) and chlorhexidine digluconate gel 7...
2017: PloS One
Debra Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Lauren H Fischer, Anureet K Bajaj
Women are less likely to reach top-level leadership positions, and more likely to leave academic positions, than men, and are likely to earn less money than men. Women are also less likely to initiate a negotiation-a process that is crucial for professional advancement. This reluctance to ask hinders their advancement and can have long-lasting consequences-both financial and professional. The reasons that women do not ask are multifactorial. In this article, we will explore reasons why women are less likely to negotiate, the barriers they face when they do, and strategies that women can apply to improve their negotiation skills...
March 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Rémi Foissac, Phi Villageois, Bérengère Chignon-Sicard, Charalambos Georgiou, Olivier Camuzard, Christian Dani
BACKGROUND: Autologous fat grafting has become an essential procedure in breast reconstructive surgery. However, molecular knowledge of different adipose donor sites remains inadequate. Tissue regeneration studies have shown that it is essential to match the Hox code of transplanted cells and host tissues to achieve correct repair. This study aims to provide a better molecular understanding of adipose tissue. METHODS: Over the course of 1 year, the authors prospectively included 15 patients and studied seven adipose areas: chin, breast, arm, abdomen, thigh, hip, and knee...
March 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Katarina Andjelkov, Marcos Sforza, Rodwan Husein, Tatjana C Atanasijevic, Vesna M Popovic
BACKGROUND: Calf augmentation surgery is one of the least popular procedures among plastic surgeons; in contrast, it is by far one of the most gratifying procedures among patients. In this article, the authors present a retrospective analysis of a surgeon's extensive experience with calf implants. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed 134 patients having calf augmentation for cosmetic and reconstructive surgery in their practice from 2003 to 2015. All patients were divided into two groups: primary cases and patients who had previously been operated on and who were referred to our service as patients who had complications after calf augmentation surgery...
March 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Marlon E Buncamper, Wouter B van der Sluis, Max de Vries, Birgit I Witte, Mark-Bram Bouman, Margriet G Mullender
BACKGROUND: Penile inversion vaginoplasty is considered to be the gold standard for gender reassignment surgery in transgender women. The use of additional full-thickness skin graft as neovaginal lining is controversial. Some believe that having extra penile skin for the vulva gives better aesthetic results. Others believe that it gives inferior functional results because of insensitivity and skin graft contraction. METHODS: Transgender women undergoing penile inversion vaginoplasty were studied prospectively...
March 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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