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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749628/circulating-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-relative-to-vitamin-d-receptor-polymorphism-after-vitamin-d3-supplementation-in-breast-cancer-women-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Houra Mohseni, Seyed Ahmad Hosseini, Reza Amani, Alireza Ekrami, Ahmad Ahmadzadeh, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi
Objective: The influence of vitamin D receptor (VDR) genetic variation on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels [25(OH)D] after vitamin D3 supplementation remains unclear. We aimed to investigate changes of 25(OH)D in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, according to VDR genotype, after provision of vitamin D3 to breast cancer cases for a 2-month period. Methods: Participants were assigned to two treatment arms: placebo (n = 28) and vitamin D3 supplementation (n =28). The supplementation group received 50,000 IU of vitamin D every week for 2 months...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749617/depression-hopelessness-and-social-support-among-breast-cancer-patients-in-highly-endogamous-population
#2
Abdulbari Bener, Reem Alsulaiman, Lisa Doodson, Tony Agathangelou
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between different demographic variables, hopelessness, depression and social support of Breast cancer patients in Qatari’s population. Design: This is an observational cohort hospital based study. Subjects and Methods: The study included 678 breast cancer patients. The questionnaires included a demographic questionnaire, the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Back Depression Scale (BDS) and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). The demographic questionnaire was used to assess patients’ basic information including gender, age, marital status, education, family size, and place of residence...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749603/protection-motivation-theory-in-predicting-intention-to-receive-cervical-cancer-screening-in-rural-chinese-women
#3
Yang Bai, Qing Liu, Xinguang Chen, Yanduo Gao, Huiyun Gong, Xiaodong Tan, Min Zhang, Jiyu Tuo, Yuling Zhang, Qunying Xiang, Fenghua Deng, Guiling Liu
OBJECTIVE: Despite the significance of cervical cancer screening, motivating more women to participate remains a challenge in resource-limited settings. In this study, we tested the protection motivation theory (PMT) in predicting screening intentions. METHODS: Participants were women from Wufeng, a typical rural county in China. Participants (n=3000) with no cervical cancer history were recruited from 10 randomly selected villages. As mediating variables, six PMT constructs (Perceived Risk, Fear Arousal, Perceived Severity, Response Efficacy, Response Cost and Self-Efficacy) were measured using the standardized questionnaire...
July 27, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749578/a-descriptive-study-of-intentional-self-poisoning-from-new-zealand-national-registry-data
#4
Eeva-Katri Kumpula, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Pauline Norris, Paul Quigley
OBJECTIVE: Understanding which population groups intentionally poison themselves by overdose and which substances are used are key to developing prevention efforts for such injuries. This paper uses Ministry of Health (MOH) data to explore the demographic characteristics of those who intentionally self-poison and the substances used, identifies limitations of existing data collections and makes recommendations for the future. METHODS: MOH mortality data from 2000 to 2012, and public hospital presentation data from 2000-2014 of cases of intentional self-poisoning (ISP), and poisoning of undetermined intent (UDP), were examined...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749561/trends-in-prevalence-of-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-inactivity-results-from-australian-national-health-surveys-1989-to-2011
#5
Josephine Chau, Tien Chey, Sarah Burks-Young, Lina Engelen, Adrian Bauman
OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in leisure time physical activity and inactivity in Australians aged 15 years or older from 1989 to 2011. METHOD: We used data from six Australian National Health Surveys conducted from 1989/90 to 2011/12 in which physical activity was assessed using comparable questions. Analyses examined trends in the prevalence of sufficient physical activity (≥150 minutes/week moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) and of inactivity (<30 minutes/week moderate-to-vigorous physical activity)...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749553/myelopathy-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-the-bagel-sign
#6
Ugur Uygunoglu, Burcu Zeydan, Yesim Ozguler, Serdal Ugurlu, Emire Seyahi, Naci Kocer, Civan Islak, Kejal Kantarci, Sabahattin Saip, Aksel Siva, Orhun H Kantarci
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and distinctive imaging features of myelopathy associated with Behçet's disease. METHODS: We evaluated the records of patients meeting the following criteria: a) fulfillment of the International Study Group criteria for Behçet's disease; b) clinically suggestive of myelopathy; c) simultaneous spinal cord and brain MRIs within 1 month of acute worsening of myelopathy; d) follow-up duration ≥1 year after initial MRI evaluation...
July 27, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749488/trends-in-provider-initiated-versus-spontaneous-preterm-deliveries-2004-2013
#7
M L Ada, M R Hacker, T H Golen, M J Haviland, S A Shainker, H H Burris
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were as follows: (i) to estimate the proportion of preterm deliveries at a tertiary perinatal center that were provider-initiated versus spontaneous before and after a 2009 policy to reduce elective early-term deliveries, and (ii)to evaluate whether shifts in type of preterm delivery varied by race/ethnicity. METHOD: We performed a retrospective cohort study of preterm deliveries over a 10-year period, 2004 to 2013, including detailed review of 929 of 5566 preterm deliveries, to designate each delivery as provider-initiated or spontaneous...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749487/autoimmune-conditions-and-comorbid-depression-in-pregnancy-examining-the-risk-of-preterm-birth-and-preeclampsia
#8
G Bandoli, C D Chambers
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether prenatal depression interacts with autoimmune conditions to further increase the risk of preterm birth or preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Our sample included 3034 pregnant women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Crohn's disease (CD) or psoriasis, or controls that were prospectively enrolled into MothertoBaby pregnancy studies. We estimated the independent and joint effects of the three autoimmune conditions and depression on the select outcomes...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749484/communication-related-allegations-against-physicians-caring-for-premature-infants
#9
J Nguyen, H Muniraman, M Cascione, R Ramanathan
OBJECTIVE: Maternal-fetal medicine physicians (MFMp) and neonatal-perinatal medicine physicians (NPMp) caring for premature infants and their families are exposed to significant risk for malpractice actions. Effective communication practices have been implicated to decrease litigious intentions but the extent of miscommunication as a cause of legal action is essentially unknown in this population. Analysis of communication-related allegations (CRAs) may help toward improving patient care and physician-patient relationships as well as decrease litigation risks...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749482/-the-obesity-paradox-a-reconsideration-of-obesity-and-the-risk-of-preterm-birth
#10
A Tsur, J A Mayo, R J Wong, G M Shaw, D K Stevenson, J B Gould
OBJECTIVE: The association between obesity and spontaneous preterm births (sPTBs) has been shown to be influenced by obesity-attendant comorbidities. Our objective was to better understand the complex relationship of obesity and its attendant comorbidities with sPTBs. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis utilizing maternally linked hospital and birth certificate records of 2 049 196 singleton California deliveries from 2007 to 2011. Adjusted relative risks (aRRs) for sPTBs were estimated using multivariate Poisson regression modeling...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749453/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-therapy-improves-patient-and-caregiver-reported-outcomes-in-cirrhosis
#11
Jasmohan S Bajaj, Michael Ellwood, Timothy Ainger, Thomas Burroughs, Andrew Fagan, Edith A Gavis, Douglas M Heuman, Michael Fuchs, Binu John, James B Wade
OBJECTIVES: Patient-reported outcomes such as health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are impaired in cirrhosis due to under-treated mood and sleep disorders, which can adversely impact their caregivers. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) can improve patient-reported outcomes (PRO) in non-cirrhotic patients but their impact in cirrhosis is unclear. To evaluate the effect of MBSR and supportive group therapy on mood, sleep and HRQOL in cirrhotic patients and their caregivers. METHODS: Cirrhotic outpatients with mild depression (Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)>14) on screening with an adult caregiver were enrolled...
July 27, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749442/long-term-effects-of-pregnancy-complications-on-maternal-health-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Ran Neiger
Background: Most pregnancy-related medical complications appear to resolve at delivery or shortly thereafter. Common examples are preterm labor, placental abruption, preeclampsia, and gestational diabetes. Women who developed such complications are known to be at increased risk of developing similar complications in future pregnancies. It has recently become evident that these women are at an increased risk of long term medical complications. Methods: A search through scientific publications in English regarding the association of obstetric complications and long-term maternal illness...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749419/consuming-almonds-vs-isoenergetic-baked-food-does-not-differentially-influence-postprandial-appetite-or-neural-reward-responses-to-visual-food-stimuli
#13
R Drew Sayer, Jaapna Dhillon, Gregory G Tamer, Marc-Andre Cornier, Ningning Chen, Amy J Wright, Wayne W Campbell, Richard D Mattes
Nuts have high energy and fat contents, but nut intake does not promote weight gain or obesity, which may be partially explained by their proposed high satiety value. The primary aim of this study was to assess the effects of consuming almonds versus a baked food on postprandial appetite and neural responses to visual food stimuli. Twenty-two adults (19 women and 3 men) with a BMI between 25 and 40 kg/m² completed the current study during a 12-week behavioral weight loss intervention. Participants consumed either 28 g of whole, lightly salted roasted almonds or a serving of a baked food with equivalent energy and macronutrient contents in random order on two testing days prior to and at the end of the intervention...
July 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749367/genome-wide-association-study-of-susceptibility-to-particulate-matter-associated-qt-prolongation
#14
Rahul Gondalia, Christy L Avery, Melanie D Napier, Raúl Méndez-Giráldez, James D Stewart, Colleen M Sitlani, Yun Li, Kirk C Wilhelmsen, Qing Duan, Jeffrey Roach, Kari E North, Alexander P Reiner, Zhu-Ming Zhang, Lesley F Tinker, Jeff D Yanosky, Duanping Liao, Eric A Whitsel
BACKGROUND: Ambient particulate matter (PM) air pollution exposure has been associated with increases in QT interval duration (QT). However, innate susceptibility to PM-associated QT prolongation has not been characterized. OBJECTIVE: To characterize genetic susceptibility to PM-associated QT prolongation in a multi-racial/ethnic, genome-wide association study (GWAS). METHODS: Using repeated electrocardiograms (1986-2004), longitudinal data on in diameter (), and generalized estimating equations methods adapted for low-prevalence exposure, we estimated approximately interactions among nine Women's Health Initiative clinical trials and Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study subpopulations (), then combined subpopulation-specific results in a fixed-effects, inverse variance-weighted meta-analysis...
June 8, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749309/correction-to-stracquadanio-and-ciotta-low-birth-weight-is-a-pcos-risk-factor-for-southern-italian-women
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749253/randomized-crossover-study-investigating-daily-versus-on-demand-vulvar-visnadine-spray-in-women-affected-by-female-sexual-arousal-disorder
#16
Salvatore Caruso, Diletta Mauro, Maria Cariola, Valentina Fava, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Antonio Cianci
The aim of the study was to verify the efficacy of vulvar Visnadine spray in premenopausal women affected by female sexual arousal disorder (FSAD). Thirty-eight women aged 25-40 years affected by FSAD were enrolled in the randomized crossover study, by two possible sequences: on-demand, washout, daily (A sequence); and daily, washout, on-demand (B sequence). The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Female Sexual Distress Scale (FSDS) were used to assess sexual function and sexual distress, respectively...
July 27, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749239/letter-to-the-editor-methodological-issues-in-a-meta-analysisoriginal-manuscript-roshni-patel-gaurang-shah-2017-effect-of-metformin-on-clinical-metabolic-and-endocrine-outcomes-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749237/towards-understanding-the-under-recognition-of-girls-and-women-on-the-autism-spectrum
#18
Judith Gould
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749234/the-importance-of-critical-life-moments-an-explorative-study-of-successful-women-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Amanda A Webster, Susanne Garvis
Ten women with autism spectrum disorder participated in oral interviews in order to share their experiences since their diagnosis and to discuss the factors that had enabled them to achieve success in different aspects of their life. Participants were encouraged to share their perspectives on their success and to discuss the challenges they encountered in their daily lives and how they overcame these. Interviews were analysed using a narrative-themed approach. Participants indicated that both internal and external factors enabled them to achieve success in different aspects of their lives...
August 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749202/abbreviated-breast-mri-for-screening-women-with-dense-breast-the-ea1141-trial
#20
Christiane K Kuhl
Early diagnosis improves survival of women with breast cancer. Mammographic screening improves early diagnosis of breast cancer. And yet, there appears to be room for improvement. Major shortcomings of mammographic screening are overdiagnosis of prognostically unimportant cancer, as well as underdiagnosis of cancers that are indeed relevant. Failure to detect biologically relevant breast cancer with mammographic screening is driven by host-related factors, i.e. breast tissue density, but also tumour-related factors: Biologically relevant cancers may exhibit imaging features that renders them indistinguishable from normal or benign breast tissue on mammography...
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
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