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Breast cancer and adolescent

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139615/breast-education-for-schoolgirls-why-what-when-and-how
#1
Nicola Brown, Jenny Smith, Amanda Brasher, Debbie Risius, Anna Marczyk, Joanna Wakefield-Scurr
Schools are fundamental settings for health education and adolescent females are an important group for promoting positive breast habits. We surveyed 2089 schoolgirls (11-18 years) to provide evidence for, and guidance on, breast education for schoolgirls. 26% reported negative feelings about their breasts and 87% reported ≥ one breast concern. 72% wanted to know more about breast cancer (69% rating this extremely important). >50% wanted to know more about breast sag and breast pain. Preferred delivery format was age eleven (50%), girls only taught sessions (41%) with female teachers (43%)...
November 15, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111259/cancer-incidence-and-mortality-among-young-adults-aged-20-39-years-worldwide-in-2012-a-population-based-study
#2
Miranda M Fidler, Sumit Gupta, Isabelle Soerjomataram, Jacques Ferlay, Eva Steliarova-Foucher, Freddie Bray
BACKGROUND: To date, the burden of cancer among young adults has rarely been studied in depth. Our aim was to describe the scale and profile of cancer incidence and mortality worldwide among 20-39 year-olds, highlighting major patterns by age, sex, development level, and geographical region. METHODS: We did a population-based study to quantify the burden of young adult cancers worldwide. We defined young adult cancers as those occurring between the ages of 20 and 39 years because these individuals will have passed puberty and adolescence, but not yet experienced the effects of hormonal decline, immune response deterioration, or organ dysfunction associated with chronic health conditions...
October 27, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108166/information-for-the-adolescent-woman-and-her-parents-abortion-and-the-risk-of-breast-cancer
#3
(no author information available yet)
Studies from many nations suggest that induced abortion (IA) may be a causal risk factor for the development of breast cancer. Researchers agree that IA contributes to the increased risk of breast cancer by delaying the timing of a full-term pregnancy which is a protective factor. Increasing numbers of studies now show that IA prior to 32 weeks in and of itself is a risk factor for breast cancer due to the physiology of breast development and the manner in which abortion interferes with the maturation of the breast cells...
2017: Issues in Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104587/notch-and-its-oncogenic-activity-in-human-malignancies
#4
REVIEW
Marlena Brzozowa-Zasada, Adam Piecuch, Marek Michalski, Oliwia Segiet, Józef Kurek, Marzena Harabin-Słowińska, Romuald Wojnicz
Background: Increasing evidence has demonstrated that Notch signaling is deregulated in human hematological malignancies and solid tumors. This signaling has a protumorigenic effect but may also act as a tumor suppressor. How induction of a single pathway gives rise to the opposite effects in different cell types is still unknown. Methods: This review article includes available data from peer-reviewed publications associated with the role of Notch signaling during cancer pathogenesis...
2017: European Surgery: ACA: Acta Chirurgica Austriaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082436/adolescent-young-adults-aya-with-cancer-seeking-integrative-oncology-consultations-demographics-characteristics-and-self-reported-outcomes
#5
Gabriel Lopez, Wenli Liu, Kevin Madden, Bryan Fellman, Yisheng Li, Eduardo Bruera
PURPOSE: Integrative Oncology (IO) consultations offer cancer patients counseling regarding complementary integrative medicine (CIM). We explored the CIM interests and symptom burden of AYA cancer patients presenting for an IO consultation. METHODS: Patients referred for an IO physician consultation at an academic medical center from September 1, 2009 to December 31, 2013 completed an assessment on presentation: MYCaW, ESAS (10 symptoms, 0-10, 10 worst possible), CIM use survey, and SF-12 QOL survey...
October 29, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078121/cancer-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-national-incidence-and-characteristics-in-japan
#6
Izumi Inoue, Fumiaki Nakamura, Kimikazu Matsumoto, Tetsuya Takimoto, Takahiro Higashi
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer are confronted with unique challenges in areas of paramount concern within their age group, such as fertility, education, career, and delayed and long-term effects of treatment. However, the extent and depth of the problem has never been examined in the Japanese population. The aim of this study was to describe the status of cancer patients in the AYA population, using data from the hospital-based cancer registry (HBCR). STUDY DESIGN: Patients included in the HBCR from January 2011 to December 2014 were included in this study to evaluate the incidence and cancer distribution trends among AYA...
October 24, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067280/charcot-marie-tooth-hereditary-neuropathy-revealed-after-administration-of-docetaxel-in-advanced-breast-cancer
#7
Hampig Raphael Kourie, Nicolas Mavroudakis, Philippe Aftimos, Martine Piccart
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) neuropathy is the most common hereditary cause of neuropathy. Diagnosis is usually not made during the childhood but in adolescence or late adulthood. It is reported in the literature that some neurotoxic chemotherapeutical agents can reveal an asymptomatic CMT IA hereditary neuropathy. To our knowledge, we report here the first case of CMT IA revealed in a 55-year-old woman after the administration of docetaxel/trastuzumab/pertuzumab for metastatic breast cancer. This case stresses again the necessity to obtain a complete personal and familial anamnesis and to perform a neurologic examination before the administration of neurotoxic chemotherapeutical agents to prevent the clinical expression of these hereditary neuropathies...
October 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055048/adolescent-obesity-and-adult-male-breast-cancer-in-a-cohort-of-1-382-093-men
#8
Lital Keinan-Boker, Hagai Levine, Adi Leiba, Estela Derazne, Jeremy D Kark
Male breast cancer (MBC) accounts for 1% of all breast cancer. Adult obesity and tallness are risk factors for MBC, but the role of adolescent fatness is largely unknown. We aimed to assess the association between body mass index (BMI) in adolescence and the incidence of MBC in a large cohort of 16-19 year-old Israeli males. 1,382,093 Jewish Israeli males aged 16-19 who underwent anthropometric measurements, a General Intelligence Test (GIT) and other examinations during 1967-2011, were followed up to 31.12...
October 21, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992857/anxiety-and-depression-in-cancer-survivors
#9
REVIEW
Jean C Yi, Karen L Syrjala
Most cancer survivors adjust well to life after cancer but some experience persisting negative mood, such as cancer-related fears, posttraumatic stress, anxiety, or depression. Mood fluctuations may not reach criteria for a clinical diagnosis but subclinical symptoms can interfere with quality of life. Women, adolescents, and young adults are particularly at risk for mood disturbances. Behavioral interventions, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacologic treatments, can effectively treat these distressing emotions...
November 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987728/environmental-chemicals-and-breast-cancer-an-updated-review-of-epidemiological-literature-informed-by-biological-mechanisms
#10
REVIEW
Kathryn M Rodgers, Julia O Udesky, Ruthann A Rudel, Julia Green Brody
BACKGROUND: Many common environmental chemicals are mammary gland carcinogens in animal studies, activate relevant hormonal pathways, or enhance mammary gland susceptibility to carcinogenesis. Breast cancer's long latency and multifactorial etiology make evaluation of these chemicals in humans challenging. OBJECTIVE: For chemicals previously identified as mammary gland toxicants, we evaluated epidemiologic studies published since our 2007 review. We assessed whether study designs captured relevant exposures and disease features suggested by toxicological and biological evidence of genotoxicity, endocrine disruption, tumor promotion, or disruption of mammary gland development...
October 6, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975393/smoking-and-physical-inactivity-increase-cancer-prevalence-in-brca-1-and-brca-2-mutation-carriers-results-from-a-retrospective-observational-analysis
#11
Sabine Grill, Maryam Yahiaoui-Doktor, Ricarda Dukatz, Jacqueline Lammert, Mirjam Ullrich, Christoph Engel, Katharina Pfeifer, Maryam Basrai, Michael Siniatchkin, Thorsten Schmidt, Burkhard Weisser, Kerstin Rhiem, Nina Ditsch, Rita Schmutzler, Stephan C Bischoff, Martin Halle, Marion Kiechle
BACKGROUND: The aim of this analysis in a pilot study population was to investigate whether we can verify seemingly harmful lifestyle factors such as nicotine and alcohol indulgence, obesity, and physical inactivity, as well as a low socioeconomic status for increased cancer prevalence in a cohort of BRCA 1 and 2 mutation carriers. METHODS: The analysis data are derived from 68 participants of the lifestyle intervention study LIBRE-1, a randomized, prospective trial that aimed to test the feasibility of a lifestyle modification in BRCA 1 and 2 mutation carriers...
October 3, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967089/a-reflection-on-the-work-of-gianni-bonadonna-from-the-viewpoint-of-the-global-challenge-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#12
Ronald D Barr, W Archie Bleyer
Adolescents and young adults (AYAs - ages 15 to 39) constitute approximately 40% of the world's population and contribute an estimated one million new cases of cancer annually, the great majority in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In high-income countries (HICs) cancer is the commonest cause of disease-related death in AYAs, though overall 5-year survival rates now exceed 80%. A very different circumstance likely holds in LMICs, but accurate assessments are not readily available.Breast cancer accounts for 40% of tumours in female AYAs and this age group includes the peak incidence of Hodgkin lymphoma...
September 27, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952004/alcohol-consumption-across-the-life-course-and-mammographic-density-in-premenopausal-women
#13
Ying Liu, Rulla M Tamimi, Graham A Colditz, Kimberly A Bertrand
PURPOSE: Consumption of alcoholic beverages during adolescence and early adulthood has been consistently associated with higher breast cancer risk. The influence of alcohol consumption early in life on mammographic breast density, a marker of breast cancer risk, is inconclusive. This study examined associations of alcohol consumption across the life course with premenopausal mammographic density. METHODS: The study population included 1211 premenopausal women in the Nurses' Health Study II without cancer, who recalled their alcohol consumption at age 15 through enrollment in 1989 (baseline), and had mammograms available...
September 26, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865460/state-of-the-evidence-2017-an-update-on-the-connection-between-breast-cancer-and-the-environment
#14
REVIEW
Janet M Gray, Sharima Rasanayagam, Connie Engel, Jeanne Rizzo
BACKGROUND: In this review, we examine the continually expanding and increasingly compelling data linking radiation and various chemicals in our environment to the current high incidence of breast cancer. Singly and in combination, these toxicants may have contributed significantly to the increasing rates of breast cancer observed over the past several decades. Exposures early in development from gestation through adolescence and early adulthood are particularly of concern as they re-shape the program of genetic, epigenetic and physiological processes in the developing mammary system, leading to an increased risk for developing breast cancer...
September 2, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859685/an-umbrella-review-of-the-literature-on-the-effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-for-pain-reduction
#15
Georgios Markozannes, Eleni Aretouli, Evangelia Rintou, Elena Dragioti, Dimitrios Damigos, Evangelia Ntzani, Evangelos Evangelou, Konstantinos K Tsilidis
BACKGROUND: Psychological interventions are widely implemented for pain management and treatment, but their reported effectiveness shows considerable variation and there is elevated likelihood for bias. METHODS: We summarized the strength of evidence and extent of potential biases in the published literature of psychological interventions for pain treatment using a range of criteria, including the statistical significance of the random effects summary estimate and of the largest study of each meta-analysis, number of participants, 95% prediction intervals, between-study heterogeneity, small-study effects and excess significance bias...
August 31, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845050/preservation-of-fertility-or-ovarian-function-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-or-gynecologic-and-internal-malignancies
#16
Angrit Stachs, Steffi Hartmann, Bernd Gerber
Because of the efficacy of systemic therapies, neoplasias which occur in pediatric and adolescent patients and in young adults have high cure rates. This means that fulfilling their wish to have children has become a more pressing concern, particularly among young women with malignant tumors. Premature ovarian failure is also a not insignificant problem as it has a lasting detrimental effect on quality of life. Every oncology patient who may potentially wish to have children should be informed about their options for preserving fertility prior to starting treatment...
August 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838083/health-impact-of-childhood-and-adolescent-soy-consumption
#17
Mark Messina, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Mauro Fisberg, Dan Waitzberg
Soyfoods have been intensely researched, primarily because they provide such abundant amounts of isoflavones. Isoflavones are classified as both plant estrogens and selective estrogen receptor modulators. Evidence suggests that these soybean constituents are protective against a number of chronic diseases, but they are not without controversy. In fact, because soyfoods contain such large amounts of isoflavones, concerns have arisen that these foods may cause untoward effects in some individuals. There is particular interest in understanding the effects of isoflavones in young people...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800472/phthalate-and-bisphenol-a-exposure-during-in-utero-windows-of-susceptibility-in-relation-to-reproductive-hormones-and-pubertal-development-in-girls
#18
Deborah J Watkins, Brisa N Sánchez, Martha Maria Téllez-Rojo, Joyce M Lee, Adriana Mercado-García, Clara Blank-Goldenberg, Karen E Peterson, John D Meeker
BACKGROUND: Over the past several decades, the age of pubertal onset in girls has shifted downward worldwide. As early pubertal onset is associated with increased risky behavior and psychological issues during adolescence and cardiometabolic disease and cancer in adulthood, this is an important public health concern. Exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals during critical windows of in utero development may play a role in this trend. Our objective was to investigate trimester-specific phthalate and BPA exposure in relation to pubertal development among girls in the Early Life Exposure in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants (ELEMENT) birth cohort...
November 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776604/the-role-of-diet-physical-activity-body-fatness-and-breastfeeding-in-breast-cancer-in-young-women-epidemiological-evidence
#19
I Isabelle Romieu, A Amadou, V Chajes
The incidence of breast cancer (BC) is rising worldwide, with an increase in aggressive neoplasias in young women. Traditionally, BC in young women has been thought to be etiologically driven, primarily by genetic/hereditary factors. However, these factors explain only a small proportion of BCs, pointing to a role of the environment. Suspected factors responsible for this increase include lifestyle changes, notably alcohol consumption, diet with high intake of refined carbohydrates and saturated fat and low intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), fiber and vitamins (such as folate, vitamin D, and carotenoids), low physical activity, and body fatness, all of which may act from childhood and adolescent years through adulthood...
July 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721554/feasibility-of-a-self-help-web-based-intervention-targeting-young-cancer-patients-with-sexual-problems-and-fertility-distress
#20
Maria Wiklander, Johanna Strandquist, Claire Micaux Obol, Lars E Eriksson, Jeanette Winterling, Kenny A Rodriguez-Wallberg, Kerstin Sjögren Fugl-Meyer, Johan Ahlgren, Per Ljungman, Claudia Lampic, Lena Wettergren
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the feasibility of a self-help web-based intervention to alleviate sexual problems and fertility distress in adolescents and young adults with cancer. METHODS: Twenty-three persons with cancer (19 women and 4 men, age 18-43, 1-5 years post-diagnosis of lymphoma, breast, gynecologic, central nervous system, or testicular cancer) were recruited to test a 2-month web-based program targeting sexual problems or fertility distress...
December 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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