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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639313/change-in-attachment-states-of-mind-of-women-with-binge-eating-disorder
#1
Hilary Maxwell, Giorgio A Tasca, Renee Grenon, Kerri Ritchie, Hany Bissada, Louise Balfour
Insecure and unresolved/disorganized attachment states of mind may impact affect regulation and interpersonal functioning that contribute to binge eating in women with binge-eating disorder (BED). Group psychological treatment may facilitate changes from insecure to secure and from unresolved-disorganized to non-unresolved/disorganized attachment states of mind. This study used attachment theory to understand better the psychopathology of BED and co-morbid overweight status and to understand better the treatment response of patients with BED who receive group psychotherapy...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636574/early-intervention-programme-for-patients-with-psychotic-disorders-in-sveti-ivan-psychiatric-hospital-ripepp-sociodemographic-and-baseline-characteristics-of-the-participants
#2
Branka Restek-Petrović, Ana Majdančić, Sven Molnar, Majda Grah, Ena Ivezić, Igor Filipčić, Anamarija Bogović, Vladimir Grošić, Nina Mayer, Slobodanka Kezić, Irena Pavlović
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric hospital "Sveti Ivan" in Zagreb, Croatia, offers an outpatient Early intervention programme for patients with psychotic disorders (RIPEPP), consisting of psychoeducational workshops and group psychodynamic psychotherapy. The aim of this study was to describe sociodemographic and baseline characteristics of the participants, in order to provide better understanding of this population, and to assist with the development of more effective therapeutic approaches. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Since 2008, a total of 245 patients with first episodes of psychosis and their family members participated in the programme...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627912/cognitive-behavioral-versus-psychodynamic-therapy-for-major-depression-secondary-outcomes-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Ellen Driessen, Henricus L Van, Jaap Peen, Frank J Don, Jos W R Twisk, Pim Cuijpers, Jack J M Dekker
OBJECTIVE: In a randomized clinical trial, we compared the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic therapy for adult outpatient depression on measures of psychopathology, interpersonal functioning, pain, and quality of life. METHOD: There were 341 Dutch adults (70.1% female, mean age = 38.9, SD = 10.3) meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria for a major depressive episode and with a Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) score ≥14, who were randomized to 16 sessions of individual manualized CBT or short-term psychodynamic supportive psychotherapy...
July 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614491/depression-and-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#4
Ângela Ribeiro, João P Ribeiro, Orlando von Doellinger
Depression is a complex condition, and its classical biological/psychosocial distinction is fading. Current guidelines are increasingly advocating psychotherapy as a treatment option. Psychodynamic psychotherapy models encompass a heterogeneous group of interventions derived from early psychoanalytic conceptualizations. Growing literature is raising awareness in the scientific community about the importance of these treatment options, as well as their favorable impact on post-treatment outcomes and relapse prevention...
June 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609147/transference-and-countertransference-a-review
#5
Karoline Parth, Felicitas Datz, Charles Seidman, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
Originally a psychodynamic concept, the therapeutic relationship (also therapeutic alliance, helping alliance or simply alliance) has become a pan-theoretical model for the professional relationship between a therapist and his or her client (Kivlighan, 1995). With the development of this concept in the latter half of the 20th century, psychotherapeutic theory and practice saw a paradigm shift away from strict adherence to technique with little room for responsive, individual behavior from the therapist and toward the "authentic" human relationship at the core of therapy...
2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608399/from-couple-therapy-1-0-to-a-comprehensive-model-a-roadmap-for-sequencing-and-integrating-systemic-psychodynamic-and-behavioral-approaches-in-couple-therapy
#6
Arthur C Nielsen
Couple therapy is a complex undertaking that proceeds best by integrating various schools of thought. Grounded in an in-depth review of the clinical and research literature, and drawing on the author's 40-plus years of experience, this paper presents a comprehensive, flexible, and user-friendly roadmap for conducting couple therapy. It begins by describing "Couple Therapy 1.0," the basic conjoint couple therapy format in which partners talk to each other with the help of the therapist. After noting the limitations of this model, the paper introduces upgrades derived from systemic, psychodynamic, and behavioral/educational approaches, and shows how to combine and sequence them...
June 13, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592582/adverse-childhood-or-adult-experiences-and-risk-of-bilateral-oophorectomy-a-population-based-case-control-study
#7
Liliana Gazzuola Rocca, Carin Y Smith, Brandon R Grossardt, Stephanie S Faubion, Lynne T Shuster, Elizabeth A Stewart, Walter A Rocca
OBJECTIVES: Bilateral oophorectomy has commonly been performed in conjunction with hysterectomy even in women without a clear ovarian indication; however, oophorectomy may have long-term deleterious consequences. To better understand this surgical practice from the woman's perspective, we studied the possible association of adverse childhood or adult experiences with the subsequent occurrence of bilateral oophorectomy. DESIGN: Population-based case-control study...
June 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590209/psychodynamic-treatment-of-combat-veterans-with-ptsd-at-risk-for-suicide
#8
Herbert Hendin
Posttraumatic stress disorder is a condition associated with suicide in both military personnel and combat veterans. Most veterans with PTSD, however, are not at risk of suicide. The major factor distinguishing those who attempted or were preoccupied with suicide is persistent severe guilt over behavior in combat while emotionally out of control. A 12-session short-term, psychodynamic psychotherapy, presented here, showed promise of success in dissipating the guilt from combat-related actions in veterans of the war in Vietnam...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590207/an-integrative-approach-to-treatment-resistant-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#9
Luke Sy-Cherng Woon, Anita Kanapathy, Hazli Zakaria, César A Alfonso
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that often runs a chronic unremitting course. Treatment outcomes can be unsatisfactory despite the availability of various somatic and psychological therapies. Psychodynamic psychotherapy in combination with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with exposure and response prevention (ERP) could help patients with treatment-resistant OCD achieve better outcomes. An integrative approach can help patients gain insight, strengthen the therapeutic alliance, improve treatment adherence, and provide symptomatic relief when other treatments seem insufficient or have failed...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590205/psychodynamic-treatment-of-the-criminal-offender-making-the-case-for-longer-term-treatment-in-a-longer-term-setting
#10
Abby L Mulay, Elspeth Kelly, Nicole M Cain
In recent years, prisons and jails have become de facto psychiatric hospitals, responsible for the care and treatment of individuals with serious mental illness. Historically, cognitive-behaviorally informed therapeutic approaches have been the treatment of choice among mental health practitioners in correctional settings. However, inmate-clients often present with complex diagnostic issues that are arguably better served by long-term treatment options, such as psychodynamic psychotherapy. We first review the nature of psychotherapy in the correctional setting, as well as treatment barriers and challenges faced by both mental health providers and inmate-clients...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590203/manifest-dream-content-as-a-predictor-of-suicidality
#11
Myron L Glucksman, Milton Kramer
A number of behavioral, social, biological, and cultural factors are associated with suicide. However, the ability to predict an imminent suicide attempt remains problematic. Prior studies indicate that the manifest dream content of depressed, non-suicidal patients differs from that of depressed, suicidal patients. The dream imagery of depressed, suicidal patients contains themes of death, dying, violence, and departure. The dream imagery of depressed, non-suicidal patients contains themes of rejection, helplessness, hopelessness, humiliation, failure, and loss...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581329/an-empirical-analysis-of-mental-state-talk-and-affect-regulation-in-two-single-cases-of-psychodynamic-child-therapy
#12
Sibel Halfon, Ozlem Bekar, Büşra Gürleyen
Literature has shown the importance of mentalizing techniques in symptom remission and emotional understanding; however, no study to date has looked at the dynamic relations between mental state talk and affect regulation in the psychotherapy process. From a psychodynamic perspective, the emergence of the child's capacity to regulate affect through the therapist's reflection on the child's mental states is a core aspect of treatment. In an empirical investigation of 2 single cases with separation anxiety disorder, who were treated in long-term psychodynamic play therapy informed with mentalization principles, the effect of therapists' and children's use of mental state talk on children's subsequent capacity to regulate affect in play was assessed...
June 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581326/patients-crying-experiences-in-psychotherapy-relationship-with-the-patient-level-of-personality-organization-clinician-approach-and-therapeutic-alliance
#13
Pietro Zingaretti, Federica Genova, Francesco Gazzillo, Vittorio Lingiardi
The present study sought to further understand patients' crying experiences in psychotherapy. We asked 64 clinicians to randomly request one patient in their practice to complete a survey concerning crying in psychotherapy as well as a measure of therapeutic alliance. All clinicians provided information regarding their practice and patient diagnostic information. Fifty-five (85.93%) patients cried at least once, and 18 (28.1%) had cried during their most recent session. Patients' frequency of crying episodes in therapy was negatively related with psychotic level of personality organization, while patients' tendency to feel more negative feelings after crying was positively related to lower levels of personality organization...
June 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581325/is-affect-experiencing-therapeutic-in-major-depressive-disorder-examining-associations-between-affect-experiencing-and-changes-to-the-alliance-and-outcome-in-intensive-short-term-dynamic-psychotherapy
#14
Joel M Town, Alison Salvadori, Fredrik Falkenström, Stacy Bradley, Gillian Hardy
Affect experiencing (AE), defined as the facilitation of client in-session bodily arousal and visceral experiencing of affect, is a distinct theoretical process presumed to contribute to therapeutic improvement. This study examined the role of AE in the treatment of major depressive disorder by exploring its association to client distress and therapeutic alliance on a session-by-session basis. A case series design was used to conduct an intensive analysis of the treatment process of 4 clients who received time-limited intensive short-term dynamic psychotherapy, 2 of whom were considered "recovered" and 2 who showed "no change" based upon posttreatment outcomes...
June 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577586/does-the-delivery-of-cbt-for-youth-anxiety-differ-across-research-and-practice-settings
#15
Meghan M Smith, Bryce D McLeod, Michael A Southam-Gerow, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Philip C Kendall, John R Weisz
Does delivery of the same manual-based individual cognitive-behavioral treatment (ICBT) program for youth anxiety differ across research and practice settings? We examined this question in a sample of 89 youths (M age = 10.56, SD = 1.99; 63.70% Caucasian; 52.80% male) diagnosed with a primary anxiety disorder. The youths received (a) ICBT in a research setting, (b) ICBT in practice settings, or (c) non-manual-based usual care (UC) in practice settings. Treatment delivery was assessed using four theory-based subscales (Cognitive-behavioral, Psychodynamic, Client-Centered, Family) from the Therapy Process Observational Coding System for Child Psychotherapy-Revised Strategies scale (TPOCS-RS)...
July 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569524/mentalizing-as-a-mechanism-of-change-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-parallel-process-growth-modeling-approach
#16
Celine De Meulemeester, Kristof Vansteelandt, Patrick Luyten, Benedicte Lowyck
Although a number of effective psychotherapeutic treatments have been developed for borderline personality disorder (BPD), little is known about the mechanisms of change explaining the effects of these treatments. There is increasing evidence that impairments in mentalizing or reflective functioning-the capacity to reflect on the internal mental states of the self and others-are a central feature of BPD. To date, no study has directly investigated the core assumption of the mentalization-based approach to BPD, that changes in this capacity are associated with treatment outcome in BPD patients...
June 1, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553904/when-and-why-should-mental-health-professionals-offer-traditional-psychodynamic-therapy-to-cancer-patients
#17
David P Yuppa, Fremonta Meyer
Given the recent studies promoting time-limited manualized therapies in the oncology setting, clinicians may be reluctant to offer traditional psychodynamic therapy to cancer patients. However, there are no studies directly comparing psychodynamic therapy and other therapy modalities in this patient population and no data suggesting harm from psychodynamic approaches. Therefore, it is inappropriate to draw the conclusion that psychodynamic therapy is inferior to manualized therapy from existing evidence. Manualized treatment, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, is generally short term and therefore may reduce the practitioner's own anxiety stemming from exposure to patients facing grave disability and death...
May 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541091/psychodynamic-therapy-as-efficacious-as-other-empirically-supported-treatments-a-meta-analysis-testing-equivalence-of-outcomes
#18
Christiane Steinert, Thomas Munder, Sven Rabung, Jürgen Hoyer, Falk Leichsenring
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and psychodynamic therapy are most frequently applied to treat mental disorders. However, whether psychodynamic therapy is as efficacious as other empirically supported treatments is not yet clear. Thus, for the first time the equivalence of psychodynamic therapy to treatments established in efficacy was formally tested. The authors controlled for researcher allegiance effects by including representatives of psychodynamic therapy and CBT, the main rival psychotherapeutic treatments (adversarial collaboration)...
May 25, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532330/how-french-media-have-portrayed-adhd-to-the-lay-public-and-to-social-workers
#19
Sébastien Ponnou, François Gonon
Two models of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) coexist: the biomedical and the psychosocial. We identified in nine French newspapers 159 articles giving facts and opinions about ADHD from 1995 to 2015. We classified them according to the model they mainly supported and on the basis of what argument. Two thirds (104/159) mainly supported the biomedical model. The others either defended the psychodynamic understanding of ADHD or voiced both models. Neurological dysfunctions and genetic risk factors were mentioned in support of the biomedical model in only 26 and eight articles, respectively...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516959/adaptive-psychological-structure-in-childhood-hearing-impairment-audiological-correlations
#20
A Serra, G Spinato, S Cocuzza, L Licciardello, P Pavone, L Maiolino
The present research deals with the clinical and social problems present during linguistic and cognitive development of deaf children. Currently, the development of Theory of Mind represents an important research field in deafness studies. These international studies highlighted a significant alteration in the development of Theory of Mind in deaf children compared to normal hearing children, especially in cases of congenital or preverbal hearing loss. In particular, the research focuses on the skills of deaf children in recognising emotions and desires, through both perceptive and cognitive methods, by evaluation of psycho-cognitive skills of children with severe hearing loss using a set of questions to be administered to hearing loss patients...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
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