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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777203/a-review-of-alprazolam-use-misuse-and-withdrawal
#1
Nassima Ait-Daoud, Allan Scott Hamby, Sana Sharma, Derek Blevins
: Alprazolam is one of the most widely prescribed benzodiazepines for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder. Its clinical use has been a point of contention as most addiction specialists consider it to be highly addictive, given its unique psychodynamic properties which limit its clinical usefulness, whereas many primary care physicians continue to prescribe it for longer periods than recommended. Clinical research data has not fully shed light on its "abuse liability," yet it is one of the most frequently prescribed benzodiazepines...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767333/leaving-distress-behind-a-randomized-controlled-study-on-change-in-emotional-processing-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#2
Laurent Berthoud, Antonio Pascual-Leone, Franz Caspar, Hervé Tissot, Sabine Keller, Kristina B Rohde, Yves de Roten, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Ueli Kramer
OBJECTIVE: The marked impulsivity and instability of clients suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) greatly challenge therapists' understanding and responsiveness. This may hinder the development of a constructive therapeutic relationship despite it being of particular importance in their treatment. Recent studies have shown that using motive-oriented therapeutic relationship (MOTR), a possible operationalization of appropriate therapist responsiveness, can enhance treatment outcome for BPD...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767332/short-term-group-therapy-for-complicated-grief-the-relationship-between-patients-in-session-reflection-and-outcome
#3
David Kealy, Carlos A Sierra-Hernandez, William E Piper, Anthony S Joyce, Rene Weideman, John S Ogrodniczuk
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to examine the nature of patients' work in two types of short-term group psychotherapy. The study sought to investigate the relationship between patients' psychodynamic work versus supportive work in group psychotherapy and treatment outcome at termination and at 6-month follow-up. Psychodynamic work refers to reflection regarding intrapsychic motivations, defenses, and relational patterns, and supportive work refers to practical problem solving...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766782/predicting-normative-and-problematic-family-pathways-to-the-transition-to-siblinghood-commentary-on-volling-et-al-s-monograph
#4
Nina Howe
Volling et al.'s monograph provides a rich, thoughtful, and rigorous account of how the transition to siblinghood is experienced by the first-born child and the family. In their comprehensive longitudinal study, they followed 241 families from the prenatal period before the second-born's birth until this child was 12-months old. Siblings are a critical, but understudied, relationship in children's development; the challenges posed in researching sibling dynamics in the context of the family are discussed. Prior psychodynamic and developmental research literature is critiqued, which places the current study into perspective and indicates the important theoretical frameworks (i...
September 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758763/psychodynamizing-and-existentializing-cognitive-behavioral-interventions-the-case-of-behavioral-activation-ba
#5
Golan Shahar, Aner Govrin
From the point of view of Cognitive-Existential Psychodynamics (Shahar, 2015a, 2016; Shahar & Schiller, 2016; Ziv-Beiman & Shahar, 2016), active techniques-primarily cognitive-behavioral therapy ones-might not only reduce distress but also bolster the therapeutic relationships and serve as powerful vehicles for self-discovery and growth. This, however, is contingent upon therapists' ability to view, and present to patients, the psychodynamic and existential nature of active techniques. Our focus herein is on behavioral activation, an intervention that consists of encouraging patients to participate in enjoyable and meaningful activities, in the face of depressive anhedonia...
July 31, 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748608/four-years-comparative-follow-up-evaluation-of-community-based-step-down-and-residential-specialist-psychodynamic-programmes-for-personality-disorders
#6
Marco Chiesa, Antonella Cirasola, Peter Fonagy
Although the fulcrum of service provision for personality disorder (PD) has shifted from hospital-based to psychodynamically- and cognitively-oriented outpatient programmes, very few studies have attempted to compare specialist moderate intensity outpatient programmes with specialist high-intensity residential models, or to explore whether a period of inpatient treatment may be necessary to improve outcome and prognosis. In this article, we prospectively compare changes over a 4-year period in 3 groups of patients with personality disorders (N = 162) treated in a specialist community-based (CBP, N = 30), a step-down (RT-CBP, N = 87), and a specialist residential programme (RT, N = 45) in psychiatric distress, deliberate self-injury, and suicide attempt using multilevel modelling and multivariate logistic regression analyses...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745949/short-term-psychodynamic-therapy-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-manual-guided-approach-to-treating-the-inhibited-rebel
#7
Falk Leichsenring, Christiane Steinert
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic disabling disorder characterized by recurrent obsessions and uncontrolled compulsions. Recent research on anxiety disorders suggests that manual-guided short-term psychodynamic therapy (STPP) may be a promising approach. Building on this, a model of STPP for OCD was developed based on Luborsky's supportive-expressive (SE) therapy. Treatment consists of 12 modules, which include the characteristic elements of SE therapy, that is, a focus on the Core Conflictual Relationship Theme (CCRT) associated with OCD symptoms and on establishing a secure alliance...
July 26, 2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724894/self-viewing-is-associated-with-negative-affect-rather-than-reward-in-highly-narcissistic-men-an-fmri-study
#8
Emanuel Jauk, Mathias Benedek, Karl Koschutnig, Gayannée Kedia, Aljoscha C Neubauer
Subclinical narcissism is a personality trait with two faces: According to social-cognitive theories it is associated with grandiosity and feelings of superiority, whereas psychodynamic theories emphasize vulnerable aspects like fluctuating self-esteem and emotional conflicts. The psychodynamic view, however, is commonly not supported by self-report studies on subclinical narcissism. Personality neuroscience might help to better understand the phenomenon of narcissism beyond the limits of self-report research...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718968/the-design-of-the-mbt-g-adherence-and-quality-scale
#9
Espen J Folmo, Sigmund W Karterud, Kjetil Bremer, Kristoffer L Walther, Elfrida H Kvarstein, Geir A F Pedersen
Few group psychotherapy studies focus on therapists' interventions, and instruments that can measure group psychotherapy treatment fidelity are scarce. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the reliability of the Mentalization-based Group Therapy Adherence and Quality Scale (MBT-G-AQS), which is a 19-item scale developed to measure adherence and quality in mentalization-based group therapy (MBT-G). Eight MBT groups and eight psychodynamic groups (a total of 16 videotaped therapy sessions) were rated independently by five raters...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718660/out-out-damned-blind-spot-the-problem-of-anxiety-with-dynamic-psychotherapy
#10
Neil Raveen Jeyasingam
OBJECTIVES: This article discusses Lady Macbeth's famous sleepwalking scene from the Shakespearean tragedy, and how it became used as a template for the formulation of obsessive-compulsive disorder. CONCLUSIONS: Psychoanalysis maintained its role in understanding the condition, despite the lack of evidence base and the repeated finding from many therapists of a failure to control symptomatology. It is suggested that psychodynamic psychotherapy suffered from a failure to recognise what components of its practice were aesthetically attractive concepts rather than evidence-based medicine and outcome measures, and is an important issue in considering its future directions...
July 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711109/moderation-of-the-alliance-outcome-association-by-prior-depressive-episodes-differential-effects-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-short-term-psychodynamic-supportive-psychotherapy
#11
Lorenzo Lorenzo-Luaces, Ellen Driessen, Robert J DeRubeis, Henricus L Van, John R Keefe, Mariëlle Hendriksen, Jack Dekker
Prior studies have suggested that the association between the alliance and depression improvement varies as a function of prior history of depression. We sought to replicate these findings and extend them to short-term psychodynamic supportive psychotherapy (SPSP) in a sample of patients who were randomized to one of these treatments and were administered the Helping Alliance Questionnaire (N=282) at Week 5 of treatment. Overall, the alliance was a predictor of symptom change (d=0.33). In SPSP, the alliance was a modest but robust predictor of change, irrespective of prior episodes (d=0...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701097/-the-psychoanalytic-interactional-method-pim-a-psychodynamic-treatment-for-adolescents-with-severe-disorders-of-personality-functioning
#12
Carola Cropp
The Psychoanalytic-interactional Method (PIM): A Psychodynamic Treatment for Adolescents with Severe Disorders of Personality Functioning The psychoanalytic-interactional method (PIM) was developed as a psychodynamic treatment for adult patients with severe disorders of personality functioning (Streeck u. Leichsenring, 2015). However, it is also well suited for the treatment of adolescent patients because its techniques fit with specific conditions of adolescence. A modified version of the PIM for adolescents (Streeck-Fischer, Cropp, Streeck, Salzer, 2016) has proven to be efficacious...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701091/-mentalization-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-borderline-personality-disorder-concept-and-efficacy
#13
Svenja Taubner, Jana Volkert, Thorsten-Christian Gablonski, Trudie Rossouw
Mentalization-Based Treatment for Adolescents with Borderline Personality Disorder - Concept and Efficacy In recent years, the concept of mentalization has become increasingly important in practice and research. It describes the imaginative ability to understand human behavior in terms of mental states. Mentalization is a central component to understand the etiology and to treat patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Both adult and adolescent patients with BPD have limited mentalization abilities, which can be reliably assessed using the Reflective Functioning Scale...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699818/implementing-brief-dynamic-interpersonal-therapy-dit-in-a-va-medical-center
#14
Cory K Chen, Christine P Ingenito, Michelle M Kehn, Nicole Nehrig, Karen S Abraham
BACKGROUND: Given increasing mental health needs in the VA, identifying strategies to deliver new services is critical. AIMS: This paper describes the process of navigating provider, patient and systems barriers of an initiative to increase choice, access and quality of psychotherapy at the VA by incorporating an evidence-based short-term, psychodynamic psychotherapy. METHODS: Brief Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy (DIT) was selected as a viable model for implementation...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692188/nielsen-a-c-2016-a-roadmap-for-couple-therapy-integrating-systemic-psychodynamic-and-behavioral-approaches-new-york-ny-routledge-290-pp-45-51
#15
REVIEW
Josh R Novak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686133/rethinking-compassion-fatigue
#16
Nathan Gerard
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to argue for a revision of the concept of compassion fatigue in light of both its history and psychodynamics. Design/methodology/approach This paper calls into question conventional interpretations of compassion fatigue and the assumptions underlying them. As an alternative, a psychoanalytic interpretation is offered that sheds light on the phenomenon's unconscious and organizational dynamics. This interpretation also aligns with the concept's historical use in media and politics...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678448/-psychotherapy-training-for-psychiatrists-issues-and-challenges
#17
Jean-Nicolas Despland, Alessandra Duc Marwood, Fabrice Herrera, Giorgio Enrico Maccaferri
Since the adoption of the Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist double title in 1961, the medical training in psychotherapy must obey specific requirements. In parallel to the clinical practice, the supervisions and the personal experience, 180 hours of theoretical training are required, in each of the psychotherapeutic orientations chosen by the medical doctor (psychodynamic, family / systemic and behavioural and cognitive therapies). Even though the effectiveness of these treatments is well established and there is no significant difference between psychotherapeutic schools in this respect, the choice of an orientation for psychotherapy training requires an adequate pedagogic process, both on the theoretical side, and in the ability to choose a suitable form of psychotherapeutic treatment adapted to the psychiatrist's conversational style...
September 21, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675999/subduing-the-green-eyed-monster-bridging-the-psychopharmacological-and-psychosocial-treatment-perspective-in-understanding-pathological-jealousy
#18
Farah Deena Abdul Samad, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Marhani Midin, Nurul Hazwani Hatta
Human being is not spared from a broad-ranged emotional state, including being jealous. Jealousy has both affective-cognitive and behavioural-evaluative dimension where the person perceives, or experiences a real threat on a valued relationship. As this complex emotion becomes irrational and not amenable to reason, it later transforms into a dangerously 'green-eyed monster'. This perilous situation which is viewed as pathological jealousy is a form of delusion, which is maintained by a fixed and false reasoning in an originally entrusted intimate relationship...
July 4, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658496/psychodynamics-of-onboarding-new-graduate-nurses
#19
Charles F Krozek
The new graduate RNs' first job lands them squarely in the middle of extraordinary workplace complexity and extreme psychological stress. Met with a whole host of daily challenges, the organization's understanding of the new graduate's psychodynamic coping strategies can make a difference in the sucess of the onboarding program. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2017;48(7):299-301.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650192/prediction-and-moderation-of-improvement-in-cognitive-behavioral-and-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-for-panic-disorder
#20
Dianne L Chambless, Barbara Milrod, Eliora Porter, Robert Gallop, Kevin S McCarthy, Elizabeth Graf, Marie Rudden, Brian A Sharpless, Jacques P Barber
OBJECTIVE: To identify variables predicting psychotherapy outcome for panic disorder or indicating which of 2 very different forms of psychotherapy-panic-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy (PFPP) or cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)-would be more effective for particular patients. METHOD: Data were from 161 adults participating in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) including these psychotherapies. Patients included 104 women; 118 patients were White, 33 were Black, and 10 were of other races; 24 were Latino(a)...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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