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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532330/how-french-media-have-portrayed-adhd-to-the-lay-public-and-to-social-workers
#1
Sébastien Ponnou, François Gonon
Two models of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) coexist: the biomedical and the psychosocial. We identified in nine French newspapers 159 articles giving facts and opinions about ADHD from 1995 to 2015. We classified them according to the model they mainly supported and on the basis of what argument. Two thirds (104/159) mainly supported the biomedical model. The others either defended the psychodynamic understanding of ADHD or voiced both models. Neurological dysfunctions and genetic risk factors were mentioned in support of the biomedical model in only 26 and eight articles, respectively...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516959/adaptive-psychological-structure-in-childhood-hearing-impairment-audiological-correlations
#2
A Serra, G Spinato, S Cocuzza, L Licciardello, P Pavone, L Maiolino
The present research deals with the clinical and social problems present during linguistic and cognitive development of deaf children. Currently, the development of Theory of Mind represents an important research field in deafness studies. These international studies highlighted a significant alteration in the development of Theory of Mind in deaf children compared to normal hearing children, especially in cases of congenital or preverbal hearing loss. In particular, the research focuses on the skills of deaf children in recognising emotions and desires, through both perceptive and cognitive methods, by evaluation of psycho-cognitive skills of children with severe hearing loss using a set of questions to be administered to hearing loss patients...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513342/integration-in-the-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-of-severe-personality-disorders-the-conversational-model
#3
Joan Haliburn, Janine Stevenson, Shaun Halovic
The psychotherapy of commonly occurring severe personality disorders-borderline, narcissistic, avoidant, dependent, obsessive compulsive, and schizoid-presents the therapist with a unique therapeutic challenge, as each personality disorder rarely occurs alone. Integration of what is most useful and what works in each model is being proposed to enable a more successful approach to the diversity of presentations. We describe the conversational model, some outcome research, and descriptive studies to illustrate this...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511242/-depression-and-comorbid-personality-disorder-effectiveness-of-psychodynamic-inpatient-psychotherapy
#4
Daniel Seidler, Ralf Schäfer, Dörte Jenett, Norbert Hartkamp, Matthias Franz
Objectives Depression is one of the most common illnesses. The effectiveness of psychodynamic psychotherapy on depressive symptom load has been demonstrated. However, for patients suffering from comorbid personality disorder (PD) a decreased benefit has been reported, as well as fewer rates of remission and extended duration of remission. However, findings are inconsistent. The objective of this study was to determine potential differences in therapy-outcome comparing female patients with and without comorbid PD...
May 16, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511190/psychotherapy-technique-related-to-changes-in-anxiety-symptoms-with-a-transdiagnostic-sample
#5
Seth R Pitman, Mark J Hilsenroth, Joel Weinberger, Francine Conway, Jesse Owen
The current study examined how techniques in a psychodynamic model of therapy (Blagys and Hilsenroth, Clin Psychol Sci Pract. 7, 167-188, 2000) were related to changes in anxiety symptoms across early treatment process among a transdiagnostic sample of patients with primary anxiety disorder, subclinical anxiety disorder, and no anxiety disorder. Secondary analyses examined the use of specific psychodynamic techniques in relation to symptom change. Results revealed that therapists' use of psychodynamic-interpersonal (PI) techniques were significantly and directly related to changes in anxiety symptoms, in line with previous findings (Pitman, Slavin-Mulford, and Hilsenroth, J Nerv Ment Dis...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504637/-evidence-of-the-effect-of-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#6
Francisco Alberdi Olano, Bent Rosenbaum
Evidence of the effect of psychodynamic psychotherapy (PDT) has been called into question. Thus, an updated review of the effect of short-term and long-term PDT (STPP and LTPP) for anxiety, depression and personality disorders seems necessary. A systematic search of randomized controlled studies of PDT published from January 2000 to May 2016 was conducted, and we found 57 single studies and 13 meta-analyses fulfilling the criteria for inclusion. The studies show that PDT has therapeutic efficacy and effectiveness matching other forms of psychotherapy...
May 15, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504334/advances-in-functional-brain-imaging-technology-and-developmental-neuro-psychology-their-applications-in-the-jungian-analytic-domain
#7
Leon Petchkovsky
Analytical psychology shares with many other psychotherapies the important task of repairing the consequences of developmental trauma. The majority of analytic patients come from compromised early developmental backgrounds: they may have experienced neglect, abuse, or failures of empathic resonance from their carers. Functional brain imagery techniques including Quantitative Electroencephalogram (QEEG), and functional Magnetic Resonance Imagery (fMRI), allow us to track mental processes in ways beyond verbal reportage and introspection...
June 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486814/psychodynamic-formulation-in-the-era-of-the-brain-towards-integration
#8
Louise K Newman
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to describe advances in neurosciences and their relationship to psychodynamic models of psychopathology and to present an integrative approach to psychodynamic formulation which incorporates the neurobiological underpinnings of self-functioning and a model of relational trauma. CONCLUSION: Developmental psychopathology is now better able to describe the significance of early developmental periods and the interpersonal context of self-development...
May 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481893/evaluation-of-a-transdiagnostic-psychodynamic-online-intervention-to-support-return-to-work-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Jan Becker, Katharina Gerzymisch, Martin Siepmann, Martin Holme, Ulrich Kiwus, Sieglinde Spörl-Dönch, Manfred E Beutel
OBJECTIVES: Given their flexibility, online interventions may be useful as an outpatient treatment option to support vocational reintegration after inpatient rehabilitation. To that purpose we devised a transdiagnostic psychodynamic online intervention to facilitate return to work, focusing on interpersonal conflicts at the workplace often responsible for work-related stress. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, we included employed patients from cardiologic, psychosomatic and orthopedic rehabilitation with work-related stress or need for support at intake to inpatient rehabilitation after they had given written consent to take part in the study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477393/directiveness-in-psychotherapy-a-phenomenological-narrative-study-of-therapist-attitudes
#10
Erik Rautalinko
OBJECTIVES: This study of directiveness draws on the literature on patient-therapist matching, neutrality, and resistance. Our aim was to investigate how psychotherapists conceptualize directiveness as an attitude, with a focus on pantheoretical aspects of directiveness. DESIGN AND METHODS: Our data are narratives from 18 interviews with psychotherapists of different theoretical orientations (cognitive-behavioural, family-systems, humanistic-experiential, and psychodynamic), and from focus-group discussions with six other psychotherapists...
May 6, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477036/insecure-attachments-and-their-intermingling-transferences
#11
Doris K Silverman
There are least two different but interrelated motivational systems in human beings both of which begin in infancy: the attachment system and the separate, but interacting, psychodynamic system. Each of these systems is the basis of transference. A major focus of the paper is the affect-regulating feature of the attachment system. Infants' emotional states can be well-regulated or dysregulated as they emerge in interactions with their primary caregiver. Aberrant interactions of dysregulation typically lead to the development of insecure or disorganized attachments...
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456025/relationships-among-alexithymia-therapeutic-alliance-and-psychotherapy-outcome-in-major-depressive-disorder
#12
Lena C Quilty, Graeme J Taylor, Carolina McBride, R Michael Bagby
Previous studies have found that alexithymia predicts process and outcome of psychodynamic psychotherapy across a range of psychiatric disorders. There is preliminary evidence that alexithymia may exert its effects on outcome through the therapist. Other studies have found that alexithymia does not influence outcome of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). The aim of the current study was to investigate the capacity of alexithymia to predict therapist- and patient-rated therapeutic alliance and response to CBT and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for major depressive disorder...
April 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453300/psychiatry-sex-and-science-the-making-of-adolescent-motherhood-in-southern-brazil
#13
Dominique P Béhague
Research linking teen motherhood to psychoneurodevelopmental causes and pathologies has proliferated in the past two decades. In Brazil, a psychodevelopmental project of teen motherhood has gained traction despite many experts' long-standing commitment to psychodynamic psychiatry and social epidemiology, generating epistemic tension rather than substitution. Drawing on historical ethnography conducted in Southern Brazil, I explore how this project materialized through the co-production of epistemic struggles, remedial interventions, and ontological politics...
April 28, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451956/therapeutic-alliance-and-treatment-outcome-in-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-of-depressed-breast-cancer-patients-the-same-old-story-or-different-from-other-populations
#14
Katja Leuteritz, Gregor Weißflog, Yvette Barthel, Elmar Brähler, Rüdiger Zwerenz, Jörg Wiltink, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: A good therapeutic alliance is associated with better treatment outcomes in diverse types of psychotherapy and patient populations, but little is known about therapeutic alliance in psychotherapies with cancer patients. This study examines the association of therapeutic alliance and treatment outcome in short term psychodynamic psychotherapy (STPP) for breast cancer patients. METHODS: Within a randomized controlled trial, 47 completers of STPP could be included in the analyses...
April 28, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434123/conversion-disorder-functional-neurological-symptom-disorder-and-chronic-pain-comorbidity-assessment-and-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Patricia Tsui, Andrew Deptula, Derek Y Yuan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper examines the overlap of conversion disorder with chronic pain conditions, describes ways to assess for conversion disorder, and provides an overview of evidence-based treatments for conversion disorder and chronic pain, with a focus on conversion symptoms. RECENT FINDINGS: Conversion disorder is a significant problem that warrants further study, given that there are not many well-established guidelines. Accurate and timely assessment should help move treatment in a more fruitful direction and avoid unnecessary medical interventions...
June 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421880/interactive-dynamics-among-therapist-interventions-therapeutic-alliance-and-metacognition-in-the-early-stages-of-the-psychotherapeutic-process
#16
Francesca Locati, Germano Rossi, Laura Parolin
OBJECTIVE: Several authors have identified a bidirectional link between patient metacognitive functioning and the therapeutic alliance. Specifically, metacognition might be enhanced by a positive alliance with the clinician, whereas metacognitive deficits might impede the alliance. Interestingly, the therapist's technical interventions might influence both therapeutic alliance and metacognitive functioning. However, little is known about the interactions between these dimensions. The aim of the present study is to explore these interactions more fully in the earliest phase of the therapeutic process...
April 19, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405700/-disorders-of-the-will-in-psychopathology
#17
REVIEW
T Fuchs, D Broschmann
At the beginning of modern psychopathology the notion of the will had a high significance. Thus, the works of Eugen Bleuler, Emil Krapelin and Karl Jaspers show an intensive study of disorders of the will, such as abulia, ambivalence or disorders of impulse control. Retrospectively, changes of the scientific paradigms in psychology could be one of the reasons for a break, which led to giving up the concept of the will in psychopathology. With increasing interest in issues of agency and free will, however, a reactivation of this central concept could close a gap in psychopathology as well as in therapeutic practice...
April 12, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405151/systematic-review-the-placebo-effect-of-psychological-interventions-in-the-treatment-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#18
Carla E Flik, Laura Bakker, Wijnand Laan, Yanda R van Rood, André J P M Smout, Niek J de Wit
AIM: To determine the placebo response rate associated with different types of placebo interventions used in psychological intervention studies for irritable bowel syndrome. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials comparing psychological interventions (stress management/relaxation therapy (cognitive) behavioral therapy, short-term psychodynamic therapy, and hypnotherapy) for the treatment of adult patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) diagnosed with the Manning or Rome criteria with an adequate placebo control treatment and reporting data on IBS symptom severity were identified by searching PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL and PsycINFO databases...
March 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401584/psychodynamic-couple-therapy-a-practical-synthesis
#19
Arthur C Nielsen
This essay reviews the most significant contributions of psychodynamic thought to the field of couple therapy. It distills the work of numerous clinicians and researchers who, though writing from diverse perspectives, share fundamental assumptions and concerns. Rather than emphasizing differences between schools of thought, this paper mines their best contributions in a discussion of five central therapeutic targets: underlying issues, divergent subjective experiences, transferences, projective identification, and acceptance...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388881/emotional-crisis-in-a-naturalistic-context-characterizing-outpatient-profiles-and-treatment-effectiveness
#20
Adriano Zanello, Laurent Berthoud, Jean-Pierre Bacchetta
BACKGROUND: Crisis happens daily yet its understanding is often limited, even in the field of psychiatry. Indeed, a challenge is to assess the potential for change of patients so as to offer appropriate therapeutic interventions and enhance treatment program efficacy. This naturalistic study aimed to identify the socio-demographical characteristics and clinical profiles at admission of patients referred to a specialized Crisis Intervention Center (CIC) and to examine the effectiveness of the intervention...
April 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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