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Microsomia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771843/facial-paralysis-in-patients-with-hemifacial-microsomia-frequency-distribution-and-association-with-other-omens-abnormalities
#1
Qiang Li, Xu Zhou, Yue Wang, Jin Qian, Qingguo Zhang
Although facial paralysis is a fundamental feature of hemifacial microsomia, the frequency and distribution of nerve abnormalities in patients with hemifacial microsomia remain unclear. In this study, the authors classified 1125 cases with microtia (including 339 patients with hemifacial microsomia and 786 with isolated microtia) according to Orbital Distortion Mandibular Hypoplasia Ear Anomaly Nerve Involvement Soft Tissue Dependency (OMENS) scheme. Then, the authors performed an independent analysis to describe the distribution feature of nerve abnormalities and reveal the possible relationships between facial paralysis and the other 4 fundamental features in the OMENS system...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746154/psychosocial-functioning-of-children-in-a-craniofacial-support-group
#2
Alexis L Johns, Laura Bava
OBJECTIVE: To describe psychosocial functioning before and after participation in support groups for pediatric patients with craniofacial diagnoses and their families. DESIGN: Baseline and postgroup outcomes and comparison to test norms. SETTING: Urban children's hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N = 138) were 54% female, primarily Latino (83%), aged 7 to 18 years (mean = 10.4, standard deviation = 2.8), and had public insurance (72%)...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736288/reconstruction-of-the-adult-hemifacial-microsomia-patient-with-temporomandibular-joint-total-joint-prosthesis-and-orthognathic-surgery
#3
Piero Cascone, Valentino Vellone, Valerio Ramieri, Emanuela Basile, Achille Tarsitano, Claudio Marchetti
Background: HFM patients' reconstruction has always been a challenge for maxillofacial surgeons, and numerous reconstructive techniques have been described. Surgical treatment depends on the patient's age and contemplates Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) reconstruction in conjunction with orthognathic surgery, usually necessary following completion of growth to maximize the functional and esthetic results. Distraction osteogenesis had gained popularity as valid alternative in growing patients, but the two primary methods to reconstruct the TMJs involve the use of autogenous, using free or microvascular bone grafts, or alloplastic graft, but there is no widely accepted method...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707444/applications-of-computer-technology-in-complex-craniofacial-reconstruction
#4
Kristopher M Day, Kyle S Gabrick, Larry A Sargent
Background: To demonstrate our use of advanced 3-dimensional (3D) computer technology in the analysis, virtual surgical planning (VSP), 3D modeling (3DM), and treatment of complex congenital and acquired craniofacial deformities. Methods: We present a series of craniofacial defects treated at a tertiary craniofacial referral center utilizing state-of-the-art 3D computer technology. All patients treated at our center using computer-assisted VSP, prefabricated custom-designed 3DMs, and/or 3D printed custom implants (3DPCI) in the reconstruction of craniofacial defects were included in this analysis...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685618/neurodevelopment-of-infants-with-and-without-craniofacial-microsomia
#5
Matthew L Speltz, Kathleen A Kapp-Simon, Alexis L Johns, Erin R Wallace, Brent R Collett, Leanne Magee, Brian G Leroux, Daniela V Luquetti, Carrie L Heike
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether infant cases with craniofacial microsomia (CFM) evidence poorer neurodevelopmental status than demographically similar infants without craniofacial diagnoses ("controls"), and to examine cases' neurodevelopmental outcomes by facial phenotype and hearing status. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, observational study of 108 cases and 84 controls aged 12-24 months. Participants were assessed by the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-Third Edition and the Preschool Language Scales-Fifth Edition (PLS-5)...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653314/hemifacial-microsomia-oculo-auriculo-vertebral-spectrum-in-an-individual-from-the-teramo-sant-anna-archaeological-site-7th-12th-centuries-of-the-common-era-italy
#6
Joan Viciano, Ruggero D'Anastasio
BACKGROUND: This study is based in an analysis of the skeletal remains of an adult male from the Teramo Sant'Anna archaeological site (7th-12th centuries of the Common Era, Teramo, Italy). RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The individual shows distinct abnormalities that principally involve asymmetric hypoplasia and dysmorphogenesis of the facial skeleton. The combination of these findings and the absence of abnormalities of the spine strongly suggest diagnosis of the congenital malformation known as hemifacial microsomia...
April 6, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595733/predictors-for-unfavorable-projection-of-the-constructed-auricle-following-ear-elevation-surgery-in-microtia-reconstruction
#7
Kyeong-Tae Lee, Kap Sung Oh
BACKGROUND: Nagata's two-stage technique for microtia reconstruction using autologous costal cartilage consists of the implantation of a fabricated cartilage framework and the elevation of the constructed auricle. Achieving long-lasting, sufficient projection of the auricle is a goal of second-stage surgery; however, unfavorable outcomes have been seen in some patients, with suboptimal long-term elevation. The present study aimed to investigate prognostic factors that might contribute to adverse outcomes following the ear elevation operation...
April 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551253/whole-exome-sequencing-for-monozygotic-twins-discordant-for-hemifacial-microsomia
#8
Xiaojun Chen, Feng Xu, Fatao Liu, Zin Mar Aung, Wei Chen, Wenqing Han, Xianxian Yang, Yan Zhang, Gang Chai, Ruhong Zhang
Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is the second most common congenital craniofacial malformation. Although many sporadic and familial cases have been studied to explore the etiology and pathogenesis of HFM, no common understanding has been reached. We aimed to further probe into the etiology of HFM through studying monozygotic twins. Here, we report two cases of pairs of monozygotic twins discordant for HFM, and performed whole-exome sequencing (WES) and bioinformatics analysis to help determine the underlying molecular mechanisms...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501301/healthcare-and-psychosocial-experiences-of-individuals-with-craniofacial-microsomia-patient-and-caregivers-perspectives
#9
Daniela V Luquetti, Michelle R Brajcich, Nicola M Stock, Carrie L Heike, Alexis L Johns
OBJECTIVE: Craniofacial microsomia (CFM) is primarily characterized by underdevelopment of the ear and mandible, with several additional possible congenital anomalies. Despite the potential burden of care and impact of CFM on multiple domains of functioning, few studies have investigated patient and caregiver perspectives. The objective of this study was to explore the diagnostic, treatment-related, and early psychosocial experiences of families with CFM with the aim of optimizing future healthcare delivery...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407505/role-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-with-a-large-field-of-view-in-goldenhar-syndrome
#10
Cosimo Nardi, Luisa De Falco, Valeria Selvi, Chiara Lorini, Linda Calistri, Stefano Colagrande
INTRODUCTION: Goldenhar syndrome is a rare disease with hemifacial microsomia and craniofacial disorders originating from the first and second branchial arches, such as ocular, auricular, and vertebral anomalies. The complexity and variety of the ways in which the disease presents itself usually need several examinations. In this study, we aimed to evaluate both craniofacial and vertebral skeletal anomalies and asymmetries between the nonaffected and affected sides in patients with Goldenhar syndrome by using cone-beam computed tomography...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377723/facial-expressiveness-in-infants-with-and-without-craniofacial-microsomia-preliminary-findings
#11
Zakia Hammal, Jeffrey F Cohn, Erin R Wallace, Carrie L Heike, Craig B Birgfeld, Harriet Oster, Matthew L Speltz
OBJECTIVE: To compare facial expressiveness (FE) of infants with and without craniofacial macrosomia (cases and controls, respectively) and to compare phenotypic variation among cases in relation to FE. DESIGN: Positive and negative affect was elicited in response to standardized emotion inductions, video recorded, and manually coded from video using the Facial Action Coding System for Infants and Young Children. SETTING: Five craniofacial centers: Children's Hospital of Los Angeles, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Illinois-Chicago, and University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill...
May 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368383/clinical-and-cytogenomic-findings-in-oav-spectrum
#12
Silvia Bragagnolo, Mileny E S Colovati, Malu Z Souza, Anelise G Dantas, Maria F F de Soares, Maria I Melaragno, Ana B Perez
The oculoauriculovertebral spectrum (OAVS) is characterized by anomalies involving the development of the first and second pharyngeal arches during the embryonic period. The phenotype is highly heterogeneous, involving ears, eyes, face, neck, and other systems and organs. There is no agreement in the literature for the minimum phenotypic inclusion criteria, but the primary phenotype involves hemifacial microsomia with facial asymmetry and microtia. Most cases are sporadic and the etiology of this syndrome is not well known...
March 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356621/behavioral-social-adjustment-of-adolescents-with-craniofacial-microsomia
#13
Erin R Wallace, Brent R Collett, Carrie L Heike, Martha M Werler, Matthew L Speltz
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess differences in psychosocial adjustment between adolescents with and without craniofacial microsomia (CFM). DESIGN: This is a case-control follow-up study in adolescents with and without CFM. SETTING: Participants were originally recruited as infants from 26 cities across the United States and Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 142 adolescents with CFM (cases) and 316 peers without CFM (controls), their caregivers, and their teachers...
May 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349057/ectopic-preauricular-sinus-in-a-facial-cleft-and-microtia-patient
#14
Jae Yeon Park, Seil Lee, Hyo Joong Kim, Sung Gyun Jung
Preauricular sinus is a congenital malformation that is very commonly encountered among the general population and it has especially high prevalence among Asians when compared to other ethnic groups. It can often go unnoticed or easily overlooked by the patient or even by doctors because most of them are asymptomatic and is most of the time only a tiny pit that can be trivial in terms of aesthetics. We report a very rare and unique case that has no precedence what so ever; hence no reported case in the literature: an ectopic preauricular sinus in a facial cleft and microsomia patient...
December 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288792/distal-deletion-at-22q11-2-as-differential-diagnosis-in-craniofacial-microsomia-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Samira Spineli-Silva, Luciana M Bispo, Vera L Gil-da-Silva-Lopes, Társis P Vieira
Craniofacial Microsomia (CFM) also known as Oculo-auriculo-vertebral Spectrum (OAVS) or Goldenhar Syndrome, presents wide phenotypic and etiological heterogeneity. It affects mainly the structures originated from the first and second pharyngeal arches. In addition, other major anomalies may also be found, including congenital heart diseases. In this study, we report a patient with distal deletion in the 22q11.2 region and a phenotype which resembles CFM. The proband is a girl, who presented bilateral preauricular tags, left auditory canal stenosis, malar hypoplasia, cleft lip and palate, mild asymmetry of soft tissue in face, congenital heart disease, intestinal atresia, annular pancreas and hydronephrosis...
December 27, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153239/congenital-abnormalities-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#16
REVIEW
Christopher J Galea, Jason E Dashow, Jennifer E Woerner
Congenital deformities of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) complex can present as a heterogeneous continuum of growth disturbances of the mandibular condyle, articular eminence, and temporal bone. This article describes several syndromes with congenital condylar deformity, including mandibulofacial dysostosis (Treacher Collins syndrome), hemifacial microsomia, oculoauriculovertebral syndrome, oculomandibulodyscephaly (Hallermann-Streiff syndrome), and Nager syndrome. Variations in the extent of TMJ deficiency seen in each individual case influence the timing and techniques of TMJ reconstruction...
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143871/head-and-neck-rhabdomyosarcoma-in-children-a-20-year-retrospective-study-at-a-tertiary-referral-center
#17
Sophia Marie Häußler, Carmen Stromberger, Heidi Olze, Georg Seifert, Steffen Knopke, Arne Böttcher
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess rhabdomyosarcomas (RMS) of the head and neck in pediatric patients with regard to clinical presentation, treatment, and survival. METHODS: Data were retrospectively obtained from patient charts with regard to RMS of the head and neck diagnosed between 1996 and 2016 at a tertiary referral center. Clinical course, treatment modalities, and side effects were analyzed. Survival analysis was carried out using the Kaplan-Meier method...
February 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126770/effects-of-unilateral-vertical-mandibular-distraction-osteogenesis-on-airway-anatomy-in-children-with-hemifacial-microsomia
#18
Navid Pourtaheri, Derek Z Wang, Srinivas M Susarla, Gerhard S Mundinger, Anand R Kumar
PURPOSE: To assess the two- and three-dimensional airway changes following unilateral vertical mandibular distraction osteogenesis (vMDO) in patients with hemifacial microsomia (HFM). METHODS: A retrospective evaluation was performed for consecutive patients over an 18-month period with HFM and with Kaban-Pruzansky Type-II mandibular deformities who underwent unilateral vMDO for correction of vertical mandibular asymmetry. Patients with complete records and a minimum of 12 months of clinical follow-up post-consolidation were included...
December 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103155/evaluation-of-swallow-function-in-patients-with-craniofacial-microsomia-a-retrospective-study
#19
Lara S van de Lande, Cornelia J J M Caron, Britt I Pluijmers, Koen F M Joosten, Marloes Streppel, David J Dunaway, Maarten J Koudstaal, Bonnie L Padwa
Craniofacial microsomia (CFM) is characterized by underdevelopment of the structures derived from the first and second pharyngeal arches resulting in aesthetic, psychological, and functional problems including feeding and swallowing difficulties. The aim of this study is to gain more insight into swallowing difficulties in patients with CFM. A retrospective study was conducted in the population of patients diagnosed with CFM at three major craniofacial units. Patients with feeding difficulties and those who underwent video fluoroscopic swallow (VFS) studies were included for further analyses...
November 4, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084117/a-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-in-cleft-and-craniofacial-surgery
#20
Jonathan M Bekisz, Elise Fryml, Roberto L Flores
This study presents a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in cleft and craniofacial surgery. All studies reporting on RCTs in cleft and craniofacial surgery were identified on PubMed using the search terms "cleft," "velopharyngeal insufficiency," "velopharyngeal dysfunction," "nasoalveolar molding," "gingivoperiosteoplasty," "Pierre Robin sequence," "craniofacial," "craniosynostosis," "craniofacial microsomia," "hemifacial microsomia," "hypertelorism," "Le Fort," "monobloc," "distraction osteogenesis," "Treacher Collins," and "Goldenhar...
March 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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