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Microsomia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858277/-bone-anchored-auricular-prosthesis-for-patients-with-grade-iii-microtia
#1
T Z Chkadua, S V Abramyan, I I Sukharskiy, A R Arsenidze, T D Cholokava
The aim of the study was to assess the effectivity of auricular prosthesis on intraosseous implants in patient with grade III microtia. The study included 7 patients (5 males and 2 females) aged 18 to 45 years with hemifacial microsomia and grade III microtia operated in Central Research Institute of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery in 2013-2016. Number and position of intraosseous implants was determined by reverse planning based on CT representing hard and soft facial structures. Patients were followed-up for 6-36 months...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841618/intelligence-and-academic-achievement-of-adolescents-with-craniofacial-microsomia
#2
Matthew L Speltz, Erin R Wallace, Brent R Collett, Carrie L Heike, Daniela V Luquetti, Martha M Werler
BACKGROUND: The authors compared the IQ and academic achievement of adolescents with craniofacial microsomia (cases) and unaffected children (controls). Among cases, the authors analyzed cognitive functioning by facial phenotype. METHODS: The authors administered standardized tests of intelligence, reading, spelling, writing, and mathematics to 142 cases and 316 controls recruited from 26 cities across the United States and Canada. Phenotypic classification was based on integrated data from photographic images, health history, and medical chart reviews...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783745/an-integrated-surgical-protocol-for-adult-patients-with-hemifacial-microsomia-methods-and-outcome
#3
Kazuaki Yamaguchi, Daniel Lonic, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko, Lun-Jou Lo
BACKGROUND: Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) features hypoplasia and asymmetry in skeletal as well as soft tissue, and correction of the deformity is difficult in terms of aesthetic outcome. The purpose of this study is to examine the validity of an integrated treatment protocol for correction of this facial deformity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on adult HFM patients who received two-jaw orthognathic surgery combined with facial contouring procedures in the first stage, and fat injection for the residual facial deficiency in the second stage...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774693/characterizing-the-skull-base-in-craniofacial-microsomia-using-principal-component-analysis
#4
S C Schaal, C Ruff, B I Pluijmers, E Pauws, C W N Looman, M J Koudstaal, D J Dunaway
The aim of this study was to compare the anatomical differences in the skull base between the affected and non-affected side in patients with craniofacial microsomia (CFM), and to compare the affected and non-affected sides with measurements from a normal population. Three-dimensional computed tomography scans of 13 patients with unilateral CFM and 19 normal patients (age range 7-12 years) were marked manually with reliable homologous landmarks. Principal component analysis (PCA), as part of a point distribution model (PDM), was used to analyse the variability within the normal and preoperative CFM patient groups...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736116/central-nervous-system-anomalies-in-craniofacial-microsomia-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
R W Renkema, C J J M Caron, E B Wolvius, D J Dunaway, C R Forrest, B L Padwa, M J Koudstaal
Extracraniofacial anomalies, including central nervous system (CNS) anomalies, may occur in craniofacial microsomia (CFM). This systematic review was performed to provide an overview of the literature on the prevalence and types of CNS anomalies and developmental disorders in CFM, in order to improve the recognition and possible treatment of these anomalies. A systematic search was conducted and data on the number of patients, patient characteristics, type and prevalence of CNS anomalies or developmental delay, and correlations between CFM and CNS anomalies were extracted...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718994/hemifacial-microsomia-in-a-cat
#6
R B Song, M Kent, E N Glass, G J Davis, F A Castro, A de Lahunta
A 7-month-old domestic medium hair cat presented with facial asymmetry affecting the bony and soft tissue structures of the right side of the head including the maxilla, nose, eye and pinna of the ear. Additionally, neurological dysfunction of the facial and vestibulocochlear nerves on the affected side was present. A congenital malformation affecting the first and second embryologic pharyngeal arches was suspected. This is the first case of hemifacial microsomia of likely congenital origin reported in a cat...
July 18, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713738/three-dimensional-planning-and-reconstruction-of-the-mandible-in-children-with-craniofacial-microsomia-type-iii-using-costochondral-grafts
#7
Omri Emodi, Yair Israel, Michal Even Almos, Dror Aizenbud, John A Van Aalst, Adi Rachmiel
BACKGROUND: In craniofacial microsomia (CFM) Type III patients, autogenous costochondral grafts (CCG) are conventionally used for the reconstruction of the ramus and condyle. The aim of this study was to describe the use of CCG in children with CFM in terms of outcomes, growth patterns, and complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of nine, aged 4-12 years, patients with CFM Type III, who underwent reconstruction of the mandibular ramus condyle unit by CCG...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706792/simultaneous-maxillomandibular-distraction-osteogenesis-in-hemifacial-microsomia-report-of-7-cases
#8
Divya Mehrotra, Debraj Howladar, Dichen P Bhutia
INTRODUCTION: The goal in treating Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is to improve facial symmetry, allow functional jaw movement, obtain stable occlusion, and achieve patient satisfaction. This study was planned with an aim to assess the outcome of simultaneous maxillomandibular distraction osteogenesis in hemifacial microsomia. MATERIAL & METHODS: Seven patients with hemifacial microsomia were included in this study and demographic data was obtained. Simultaneous maxillo-mandibular distraction was planned for correction of maxillary cant, vertical ramal lengthening and midline, by performing unilateral mandibular osteotomy in ramus and distractor fixation, a Le Fort I osteotomy, with fixation at contralateral zygomatic buttress and intermaxillary elastics...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684073/craniofacial-and-extracraniofacial-anomalies-in-craniofacial-macrosomia-a-multicenter-study-of-755-patients
#9
Cornelia J J M Caron, Britt I Pluijmers, Eppo B Wolvius, Caspar W N Looman, Neil Bulstrode, Robert D Evans, Peter Ayliffe, John B Mulliken, David Dunaway, Bonnie Padwa, Maarten J Koudstaal
PURPOSE: Craniofacial microsomia (CFM) is a congenital malformation of structures derived from the first and second pharyngeal arches leading to underdevelopment of the face. However, besides the craniofacial underdevelopment, extracraniofacial anomalies including cardiac, renal and skeletal malformation have been described. The aim of this study is to analyse a large population of patients with regard to demographics, typical phenotypes including craniofacial and extracraniofacial anomalies, and the correlations between the different variables of this condition...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671284/mandibular-condylar-hypoplasia-in-children-with-isolated-unilateral-congenital-aural-atresia
#10
Tyler R Halle, N Wendell Todd, Bruno P Soares
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that children with isolated nonsyndromic unilateral congenital aural atresia have subclinical mandibular condylar hypoplasia ipsilateral to the atretic ear, and that the Jahrsdoerfer score is associated with the degree of condylar hypoplasia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective self-controlled case series. METHODS: We reviewed high-resolution computed tomography scans of the temporal bones of 68 children with isolated nonsyndromic unilateral congenital aural atresia...
July 3, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669484/vertebral-anomalies-in-craniofacial-microsomia-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
R W Renkema, C J J M Caron, I M J Mathijssen, E B Wolvius, D J Dunaway, C R Forrest, B L Padwa, M J Koudstaal
Craniofacial microsomia (CFM) is characterized by a heterogeneous underdevelopment of the facial structures arising from the first and second branchial arches, but extracraniofacial malformations such as vertebral anomalies also occur. This systematic review provides an overview of the literature on the types and prevalence of vertebral anomalies found in patients with CFM. A systematic search was conducted. Data on the number of patients, patient characteristics, types and prevalence of vertebral anomalies, and other associations between CFM and vertebral anomalies were extracted from the articles identified...
October 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643921/whole-exome-sequencing-identified-a-variant-in-eftud2-gene-in-establishing-a-genetic-diagnosis
#12
S Rengasamy Venugopalan, E G Farrow, M Lypka
OBJECTIVES: Craniofacial anomalies are complex and have an overlapping phenotype. Mandibulofacial Dysostosis and Oculo-Auriculo-Vertebral Spectrum are conditions that share common craniofacial phenotype and present a challenge in arriving at a diagnosis. In this report, we present a case of female proband who was given a differential diagnosis of Treacher Collins syndrome or Hemifacial Microsomia without certainty. Prior genetic testing reported negative for 22q deletion and FGFR screenings...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641899/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-craniofacial-microsomia-analysis-of-755-patients
#13
C J J M Caron, B I Pluijmers, B D P J Maas, Y P Klazen, E S Katz, F Abel, M P van der Schroeff, I M J Mathijssen, D J Dunaway, C Mills, D S Gill, N Bulstrode, B L Padwa, E B Wolvius, K F M Joosten, M J Koudstaal
A retrospective cohort study was set up to analyse the prevalence and treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in relation to the severity of the deformity in patients with craniofacial microsomia (CFM). This study included a population of 755 patients with CFM from three craniofacial centres. Medical charts were reviewed for severity of the deformity, types of breathing difficulty, age at which breathing difficulty first presented, treatment for OSA, and treatment outcome. In total, 133 patients (17.6%) were diagnosed with OSA...
October 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623555/goldenhar-syndrome-current-perspectives
#14
REVIEW
Katarzyna Bogusiak, Aleksandra Puch, Piotr Arkuszewski
BACKGROUND: Progress in medical branches that has taken place since the first child with Goldenhare syndrome (GS) had been described in 1952 by Maurice Goldenhar, facilitated better understanding of this congenital defect. It also gave new perspectives and the opportunity to achieve satisfactory treatment results, mainly due to development of surgical techniques. DATA SOURCES: Based on the literature and own experience, we discussed the phenotype of presentation of GS, ethiopathogenesis, genetic counselling and treatment with particular emphasis on surgery correction of hemifacial microsomia...
June 15, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612832/a-novel-de-novo-mutation-in-myt1-the-unique-oavs-gene-identified-so-far
#15
Marie Berenguer, Angele Tingaud-Sequeira, Mileny Colovati, Maria I Melaragno, Silvia Bragagnolo, Ana B A Perez, Benoit Arveiler, Didier Lacombe, Caroline Rooryck
Oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (OAVS) is a developmental disorder characterized by hemifacial microsomia associated with ear, eyes and vertebrae malformations showing highly variable expressivity. Recently, MYT1, encoding the myelin transcription factor 1, was reported as the first gene involved in OAVS, within the retinoic acid (RA) pathway. Fifty-seven OAVS patients originating from Brazil were screened for MYT1 variants. A novel de novo missense variant affecting function, c.323C>T (p.(Ser108Leu)), was identified in MYT1, in a patient presenting with a severe form of OAVS...
September 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604380/microsurgical-scia-siea-flap-for-facial-contour-correction-in-patient-with-hemifacial-microsomia
#16
Andrea Battisti, Andrea Cassoni Cassoni, Davina Bartoli, Marco Della Monaca, Giorgio Barbera, Edoardo Cerbelli, Valentino Valentini
AIM: We propose our experience in soft tissue reconstruction in Hemifacial microsomia using a free fascioadiposal flap. MATERIAL OF STUDY: Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is a congenital disorder characterized by craniofacial malformation of one or both sides of the lower face. A 18-year-old female presented with hemifacial microsomia involving the left side. A free SCIA/SIEA fascioadiposal flap was transferred to the left face for soft tissue augmentation. RESULTS: The immediate postoperative course of the patient was uneventful, with no complication and adequate augmentation in contour deformity was achieved...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534125/salivary-glands-abnormalities-in-oculo-auriculo-vertebral-spectrum
#17
Davide Brotto, Renzo Manara, Stefania Vio, Sara Ghiselli, Elena Cantone, Rodica Mardari, Irene Toldo, Valentina Stritoni, Alessandro Castiglione, Elisa Lovo, Patrizia Trevisi, Roberto Bovo, Alessandro Martini
BACKGROUND: Feeding and swallowing impairment are present in up to 80% of oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (OAVS) patients. Salivary gland abnormalities have been reported in OAVS patients but their rate, features, and relationship with phenotype severity have yet to be defined. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Parotid and submandibular salivary gland hypo/aplasia was evaluated on head MRI of 25 OAVS patients (16 with severe phenotype, Goldenhar syndrome) and 11 controls...
May 22, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458495/hemifacial-microsomia-clinicoradiological-insight-and-report-of-a-case
#18
Nidhi Chhabra, Anuj Chhabra
BACKGROUND: Hemifacial microsomia is a congenital malformation characterized by deficiency in the amount of hard and soft tissue on one side of the face. It is primarily a syndrome of the first branchial arch, involving underdevelopment of the temporomandibular joint, masticatory muscles, mandibular ramus, ear and, occasionally, defects in facial nerve and muscles. CASE DETAILS: The clinical and radiological manifestations of a 14-year-old male patient having hemifacial microsomia is highlighted in this article to enhance our knowledge and diagnostic skill of this rare entity...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457824/surgical-correction-of-mandibular-hypoplasia-in-hemifacial-microsomia-a-retrospective-study-in-39-patients
#19
H Bertin, J Mercier, A Cohen, J Giordanetto, N Cohen, S H Lee, J P Perrin, P Corre
PURPOSE: Repair of the mandibular deformity in hemifacial microsomia (HFM) remains controversial, and there is scant information in the literature regarding the late outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate architectural and aesthetic long-term outcomes for primary mandibular surgery in patients with HFM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with types II and type III HFM were included in this retrospective study. Depending on the nature of the mandibular deformity, patients were treated using a costochondral graft (CCG) or a vertical ramus osteotomy (VRO)...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445373/auricular-reconstruction-in-hemifacial-microsomia-with-an-expanded-two-flap-method
#20
Jin Qian, Zhibin Li, Tun Liu, Xu Zhou, Qingguo Zhang
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of external ear is important for the child/adult with craniofacial deformities to achieve balance and harmony of the face and head. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical application of an expanded two-flap method for auricular reconstruction in hemifacial microsomia. METHODS: Between January of 2014 and November of 2015, 111 hemifacial microsomia patients with microtia underwent auricular reconstruction with an expanded two-flap method...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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