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Cancer metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050365/mitochondrial-genome-variation-and-prostate-cancer-a-review-of-the-mutational-landscape-and-application-to-clinical-management
#1
REVIEW
Anton M F Kalsbeek, Eva K F Chan, Niall M Corcoran, Christopher M Hovens, Vanessa M Hayes
Prostate cancer is a genetic disease. While next generation sequencing has allowed for the emergence of molecular taxonomy, classification is restricted to the nuclear genome. Mutations within the maternally inherited mitochondrial genome are known to impact cancer pathogenesis, as a result of disturbances in energy metabolism and apoptosis. With a higher mutation rate, limited repair and increased copy number compared to the nuclear genome, the clinical relevance of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation requires deeper exploration...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050286/a-prospective-study-of-serum-metabolites-and-glioma-risk
#2
Jiaqi Huang, Stephanie J Weinstein, Cari M Kitahara, Edward D Karoly, Joshua N Sampson, Demetrius Albanes
Malignant glioma is one of the most lethal adult cancers, yet its etiology remains largely unknown. We conducted a prospective serum metabolomic analysis of glioma based on 64 cases and 64 matched controls selected from Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention (ATBC) Study. Median time from collection of baseline fasting serum to diagnosis was nine years (inter-decile range 3-20 years). LC/MS-MS identified 730 known metabolites, and conditional logistic regression models estimated odds ratios for one-standard deviation differences in log-metabolite signals...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050278/identification-of-core-genes-and-outcome-in-gastric-cancer-using-bioinformatics-analysis
#3
Chenhua Sun, Qi Yuan, Dongdong Wu, Xiaohu Meng, Baolin Wang
Gastric cancer (GC) is a common malignant neoplasm of gastrointestinal tract. We chose gene expression profile of GSE54129 from GEO database aiming to find key genes during the occurrence and development of GC. 132 samples, including 111 cancer and 21 normal gastric mucosa epitheliums, were included in this analysis. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between GC patients and health people were picked out using GEO2R tool, then we performed gene ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genome (KEGG) pathway analysis using The Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID)...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050261/alpha-linolenic-acid-stabilizes-hif-1-%C3%AE-and-downregulates-fasn-to-promote-mitochondrial-apoptosis-for-mammary-gland-chemoprevention
#4
Subhadeep Roy, Atul Kumar Rawat, Shreesh Raj Sammi, Uma Devi, Manjari Singh, Swetlana Gautam, Rajnish Kumar Yadav, Jitendra Kumar Rawat, Lakhveer Singh, Mohd Nazam Ansari, Abdulaziz S Saeedan, Rakesh Pandey, Dinesh Kumar, Gaurav Kaithwas
Alpha linolenic acid is an essential polyunsaturated fatty acid and is reported to have the anti-cancer potential with no defined hypothesis or mechanism/s. Henceforth present study was in-quested to validate the effect of alpha linolenic acid on mitochondrial apoptosis, hypoxic microenvironment and de novo fatty acid synthesis using in-vitro and in-vivo studies. The IC50 value of alpha linolenic acid was recorded to be 17.55μM against ER+MCF-7 cells. Treatment with alpha linolenic acid was evident for the presence of early and late apoptotic signals along with mitochondrial depolarization, when studied through acridine orange/ethidium bromide and JC-1 staining...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050246/nrf2-regulated-metabolic-gene-signature-as-a-prognostic-biomarker-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#5
Akhileshwar Namani, Qin Qin Cui, Yihe Wu, Hongyan Wang, Xiu Jun Wang, Xiuwen Tang
Mutations in Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (KEAP1) cause the aberrant activation of nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-like 2 (NRF2), which leads to oncogenesis and drug resistance in lung cancer cells. Our study was designed to identify the genes involved in lung cancer progression targeted by NRF2. A series of microarray experiments in normal and cancer cells, as well as in animal models, have revealed regulatory genes downstream of NRF2 that are involved in wide variety of pathways. Specifically, we carried out individual and combinatorial microarray analysis of KEAP1 overexpression and NRF2 siRNA-knockdown in a KEAP1 mutant-A549 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell line...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050245/von-hippel-lindau-regulates-interleukin-32%C3%AE-stability-in-ovarian-cancer-cells
#6
Hyo Jeong Yong, Jeong Su Park, Ae Lee Jeong, Sora Han, Sunyi Lee, Hye In Ka, Buyanravjkh Sumiyasuren, Hyun Jeong Joo, Su Jeong So, Ji Young Park, Do-Young Yoon, Jong-Seok Lim, Myeong-Seok Lee, Hee Gu Lee, Young Yang
Hypoxia-induced interleukin-32β (IL-32β) shifts the metabolic program to the enhanced glycolytic pathway. In the present study, the underlying mechanism by which hypoxia-induced IL-32β stability is regulated was investigated in ovarian cancer cells. IL-32β expression increased under hypoxic conditions in ovarian cancer cells as it did in breast cancer cells. The amount of IL-32β was regulated by post-translational control rather than by transcriptional activation. Under normoxic conditions, IL-32β was continuously eliminated through ubiquitin-dependent degradation by the von-Hippel Lindau (VHL) E3 ligase complex...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050239/application-of-in-vivo-imaging-techniques-to-monitor-therapeutic-efficiency-of-plx4720-in-an-experimental-model-of-microsatellite-instable-colorectal-cancer
#7
Sarah Rohde, Tobias Lindner, Stefan Polei, Jan Stenzel, Luise Borufka, Sophie Achilles, Eric Hartmann, Falko Lange, Claudia Maletzki, Michael Linnebacher, Änne Glass, Sarah Marie Schwarzenböck, Jens Kurth, Alexander Hohn, Brigitte Vollmar, Bernd Joachim Krause, Robert Jaster
OBJECTIVES: Patient-derived tumor cell lines are a powerful tool to analyze the sensitivity of individual tumors to specific therapies in mice. An essential prerequisite for such an approach are reliable quantitative techniques to monitor tumor progression in vivo. METHODS: We have employed HROC24 cells, grown heterotopically in NMRI Foxn1(nu) mice, as a model of microsatellite instable colorectal cancer to investigate the therapeutic efficiencies of 5'-fluorouracil (5'-FU) and the mutant BRAF inhibitor PLX4720, a vemurafenib analogue, by three independent methods: external measurement by caliper, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) with 2-deoxy-2-((18)F)fluoro-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG)...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050221/pdgfra-hsd17b4-and-hmgb2-are-potential-therapeutic-targets-in-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-and-breast-cancer
#8
Huiyu Xu, Yong Han, Jiaying Lou, Hongxian Zhang, Yue Zhao, Balázs Győrffy, Rong Li
To explore the key genes associated with both PCOS and breast cancer, we overlapped the synchronously differently expressed genes in two obese insulin-resistant GEO datasets in muscle tissue and genes exert essential roles in breast cancer prognosis together base on the following reasons: (1) Androgens excess is believed to contribute to the onset of both PCOS and breast cancer. (2) PCOS is usually complicated with metabolic symptoms, such as obesity and insulin-resistance. (3) Muscle is the main place where energy metabolism and material metabolism take place...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050219/preclinical-characterization-of-abemaciclib-in-hormone-receptor-positive-breast-cancer
#9
Raquel Torres-Guzmán, Bruna Calsina, Ana Hermoso, Carmen Baquero, Beatriz Alvarez, Joaquín Amat, Ann M McNulty, Xueqian Gong, Karsten Boehnke, Jian Du, Alfonso de Dios, Richard P Beckmann, Sean Buchanan, María José Lallena
Abemaciclib is an ATP-competitive, reversible kinase inhibitor selective for CDK4 and CDK6 that has shown antitumor activity as a single agent in hormone receptor positive (HR+) metastatic breast cancer in clinical trials. Here, we examined the mechanistic effects of abemaciclib treatment using in vitro and in vivo breast cancer models. Treatment of estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer cells with abemaciclib alone led to a decrease in phosphorylation of Rb, arrest at G1, and a decrease in cell proliferation...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050034/mir-29b-regulates-oxidative-stress-by-targeting-sirt1-in-ovarian-cancer-cells
#10
Meng Hou, Xiaohang Zuo, Chen Li, Yan Zhang, Yue Teng
BACKGROUND: Metabolic abnormalities are frequently observed in multiple malignancies including epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), among which imbalance between generation and elimination of reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays a critical role in EOC onset and progression. Here we investigated the role of miR-29b, a well-established tumor-suppressor miRNA in metabolic regulation of EOC cells. METHODS: cell viability and apoptosis in miR-29b inhibited and over-expressed EOC cells were evaluated by CCK8 and Annexin V-FITC/PI assays...
October 19, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049843/metabolic-strategies-of-melanoma-cells-mechanisms-interactions-with-the-tumor-microenvironment-and-therapeutic-implications
#11
REVIEW
Grant M Fischer, Y N Vashisht Gopal, Jennifer L McQuade, Weiyi Peng, Ralph J DeBerardinis, Michael A Davies
Melanomas are metabolically heterogeneous, and they are able to adapt in order to utilize a variety of fuels that facilitate tumor progression and metastasis. The significance of metabolism in melanoma is supported by growing evidence of impact on the efficacy of contemporary therapies for this disease. There is also data to support that the metabolic phenotypes of melanoma cells depend upon contributions from both intrinsic oncogenic pathways and extrinsic factors in the tumor microenvironment. This review summarizes current understanding of the metabolic processes that promote cutaneous melanoma tumorigenesis and progression, the regulation of cancer cell metabolism by the tumor microenvironment, and the impact of metabolic pathways on targeted and immune therapies...
October 19, 2017: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049401/risk-factors-for-intrahepatic-and-extrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-in-the-united-states-a-population-based-study-in-seer-medicare
#12
Jessica L Petrick, Baiyu Yang, Sean F Altekruse, Alison L Van Dyke, Jill Koshiol, Barry I Graubard, Katherine A McGlynn
OBJECTIVES: Intrahepatic (ICC) and extrahepatic (ECC) cholangiocarcinomas are rare tumors that arise from the epithelial cells of the bile ducts, and the etiology of both cancer types is poorly understood. Thus, we utilized the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare resource to examine risk factors and novel preexisting medical conditions that may be associated with these cancer types. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2011, 2,092 ICC and 2,981 ECC cases and 323,615 controls were identified using the SEER-Medicare database...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049318/short-chain-fatty-acid-receptors-inhibit-invasive-phenotypes-in-breast-cancer-cells
#13
Madhumathi Thirunavukkarasan, Chao Wang, Angad Rao, Tatsuma Hind, Yuan Ru Teo, Abrar Al-Mahmood Siddiquee, Mohamed Ally Ibrahim Goghari, Alan Prem Kumar, Deron R Herr
Short chain fatty acids (2 to 6 carbons in length) are ubiquitous lipids that are present in human plasma at micromolar concentrations. In addition to serving as metabolic precursors for lipid and carbohydrate synthesis, they also act as cognate ligands for two known G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), FFAR2 and FFAR3. While there is evidence that these receptors may inhibit the progression of colorectal cancer, their roles in breast cancer cells are largely unknown. We evaluated the effects of enforced overexpression of these receptors in two phenotypically distinct breast cancer cell lines: MCF7 and MDA-MD-231...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049217/identification-of-novel-therapeutic-target-genes-and-pathway-in-pancreatic-cancer-by-integrative-analysis
#14
Bangli Hu, Cheng Shi, Hai-Xing Jiang, Shan-Yu Qin
BACKGROUND: Gene alterations are crucial to the molecular pathogenesis of pancreatic cancer. The present study was designed to identify the potential candidate genes in the pancreatic carcinogenesis. METHODS: Gene Expression Omnibus database (GEO) datasets of pancreatic cancer tissue were retrieval and the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) from individual microarray data were merged. Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis, protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks, and gene coexpression analysis were performed...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048660/canonical-and-non-canonical-wnt-signaling-in-cancer-stem-cells-and-their-niches-cellular-heterogeneity-omics-reprogramming-targeted-therapy-and-tumor-plasticity-review
#15
Masaru Katoh
Cancer stem cells (CSCs), which have the potential for self-renewal, differentiation and de-differentiation, undergo epigenetic, epithelial-mesenchymal, immunological and metabolic reprogramming to adapt to the tumor microenvironment and survive host defense or therapeutic insults. Intra-tumor heterogeneity and cancer-cell plasticity give rise to therapeutic resistance and recurrence through clonal replacement and reactivation of dormant CSCs, respectively. WNT signaling cascades cross-talk with the FGF, Notch, Hedgehog and TGFβ/BMP signaling cascades and regulate expression of functional CSC markers, such as CD44, CD133 (PROM1), EPCAM and LGR5 (GPR49)...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048621/irisin-reverses-the-il-6-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-osteosarcoma-cell-migration-and-invasion-through-the-stat3-snail-signaling-pathway
#16
Gang Kong, Yunpeng Jiang, Xiujiang Sun, Zhilin Cao, Guodong Zhang, Zhongyuan Zhao, Yong Zhao, Qian Yu, Gong Cheng
As a novel discovered myokine, irisin is considered to be a promising candidate for the treatment of metabolic disorders and cancer. However, little is known about the anti-metastasic effect of irisin on osteosarcoma cells and its underlying mechanisms. In the present study, we aimed to explore the effect of irisin on the migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells and the underlying mechanisms involved. Viability and proliferation of osteosarcoma cells were examined by MTT assay. Then, by using scratch wound healing assay and Transwell assays, we evaluated migratory and invasive ability of the cells, respectively...
September 20, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048433/tmem74-promotes-tumor-cell-survival-by-inducing-autophagy-via-interactions-with-atg16l1-and-atg9a
#17
Yizhe Sun, Yingyu Chen, Jingyu Zhang, Lulu Cao, Minwei He, Xi Liu, Ning Zhao, Ang Yin, He Huang, Lu Wang
Autophagy is a highly inducible system of intracellular degradation that occurs in lysosomes or vacuoles. Transmembrane 74 (TMEM74) has been shown to induce autophagy. However, the mechanism by which TMEM74 stimulates autophagy and the impacts of TMEM74-induced autophagy on tumor cell survival remain unclear. In this study, TMEM74 was shown to increase the autophagic flux process in different tumor cell lines. Further investigations revealed that TMEM74 interacts with ATG16L1 and ATG9A. Moreover, distinctive from the common autophagy models, it is found that TMEM74-related autophagy is independent of BECN1/PI3KC3 complex and ULK1, and TMEM74 may initiate and promote autophagy directly via interactions with ATG16L1 and ATG9A responsible for the nucleation and elongation respectively...
August 31, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048387/vitamin-d-as-a-novel-regulator-of-tumor-metabolism-insights-on-potential-mechanisms-and-implications-for-anti-cancer-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Mohamed A Abu El Maaty, Stefan Wölfl
1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D₃ [1,25(OH)₂D₃], the bioactive form of vitamin D, has been shown to possess significant anti-tumor potential. While most studies so far have focused on the ability of this molecule to influence the proliferation and apoptosis of cancer cells, more recent data indicate that 1,25(OH)₂D₃ also impacts energy utilization in tumor cells. In this article, we summarize and review the evidence that demonstrates the targeting of metabolic aberrations in cancers by 1,25(OH)₂D₃, and highlight potential mechanisms through which these effects may be executed...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047383/a-novel-small-molecule-inhibitor-of-p32-mitochondrial-protein-overexpressed-in-glioma
#19
Venkata Yenugonda, Natsuko Nomura, Valentina Kouznetsova, Igor Tsigelny, Valentina Fogal, Elmar Nurmemmedov, Santosh Kesari, Ivan Babic
BACKGROUND: The mitochondrial protein p32 is a validated therapeutic target of cancer overexpressed in glioma. Therapeutic targeting of p32 with monoclonal antibody or p32-binding LyP-1 tumor-homing peptide can limit tumor growth. However, these agents do not specifically target mitochondrial-localized p32 and would not readily cross the blood-brain barrier to target p32-overexpressing gliomas. Identifying small molecule inhibitors of p32 overexpressed in cancer is a more rational therapeutic strategy...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047231/alterations-in-gut-microbiota-and-immunity-by-dietary-fat
#20
REVIEW
Bo Gie Yang, Kyu Yeon Hur, Myung Shik Lee
Gut microbiota play critical physiological roles in energy extraction from the intestine and in the control of systemic immunity, as well as local intestinal immunity. Disturbance of gut microbiota leads to the development of several diseases, such as colitis, inflammatory bowel diseases, metabolic disorders, cancer, etc. From a metabolic point of view, the gut is a large metabolic organ and one of the first to come into contact with dietary fats. Interestingly, excessive dietary fat has been incriminated as a primary culprit of metabolic syndrome and obesity...
November 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
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