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general Otolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345234/current-approaches-to-epistaxis-treatment-in-primary-and-secondary-care
#1
Rafael Beck, Martin Sorge, Antonius Schneider, Andreas Dietz
BACKGROUND: The lifetime prevalence of epistaxis is approximately 60%, and 6-10% of the affected persons need medical care. In rare cases, severe bleeding calls for the rapid initiation of effective treatment. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent articles that were retrieved by a selective search PubMed, and on the authors' clinical experience. RESULTS: There are no German guidelines for the management of epistaxis. The available evidence consists mainly of retro spective analyses and expert opinions...
January 8, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299520/the-efficacy-of-lavender-aromatherapy-in-reducing-preoperative-anxiety-in-ambulatory-surgery-patients-undergoing-procedures-in-general-otolaryngology
#2
Michael Wotman, Joshua Levinger, Lillian Leung, Aron Kallush, Elizabeth Mauer, Ashutosh Kacker
Background: Preoperative anxiety is a common problem in hospitals and other health care centers. This emotional state has been shown to negatively impact patient satisfaction and outcomes. Aromatherapy, the therapeutic use of essential oils extracted from aromatic plants, may offer a simple, low-risk and cost-effective method of managing preoperative anxiety. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of lavender aromatherapy in reducing preoperative anxiety in ambulatory surgery patients undergoing procedures in general otolaryngology...
December 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287872/what-to-do-with-medialized-tympanostomy-tubes-a-survey-of-pediatric-otolaryngologists
#3
Aren Bezdjian, Joanna Jiang, Alexandra Maby, Sam J Daniel
INTRODUCTION: Tympanostomy tube placement is the most common surgical procedure performed in children. Medial migration of a tympanostomy tube is a rare occurrence where the tube migrates into the middle ear cavity as opposed to its normal extrusion into the external auditory canal. Whether medialized tympanostomy tubes should be surgically removed in asymptomatic patients is controversial. The objective of this study was to determine experience and management approach of medialized tympanostomy tubes among pediatric otolaryngologists...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287719/is-tracheotomy-on-the-decline-in-otolaryngology-a-single-institutional-analysis
#4
Andrew J Bowen, Amy S Nowacki, Michael S Benninger, Eric D Lamarre, Paul C Bryson
OBJECTIVE: A recent study reported decreasing trends in tracheotomy procedures by its otolaryngology service. We set out to determine whether the previously reported decrease in otolaryngology performed tracheotomies by one institution is a local or generalizable phenomenon. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study from 2010 to 2015. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital and affiliated regional hospitals. SUBJECT AND METHODS: All patients who received tracheotomy during the period of analysis were included...
December 20, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238690/tonsillectomy-comparative-study-of-various-techniques-and-changing-trend
#5
Ravinder Verma, Ravneet Ravinder Verma, Rohan Ravinder Verma
Tonsillectomy is a major surgical procedure in terms of volume in the general otolaryngological practice. It is a 3000-year-old surgical operation, referred in Hindu medicine. There has been a conceptual change in the indications and surgical technique in the last 40 years. A comparative study between the various methods of tonsillectomy was done. The study was carried out in the single institutional set up by the same surgeon but using different techniques. The study aimed at comparing the intra-operative factors (blood loss, time taken for surgery), postoperative results (pain, bleeding, dehydration, time taken for complete healing), and other complications like vomiting and hospitalization time between different groups of surgical methods...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231150/quality-of-reporting-and-risk-of-bias-in-therapeutic-otolaryngology-publications
#6
N M Kaper, K M A Swart, W Grolman, G J M G Van Der Heijden
BACKGROUND: High-quality trials have the potential to influence clinical practice. METHODS: Ten otolaryngology journals with the highest 2011 impact factors were selected and publications from 2010 were extracted. From all medical journals, the 20 highest impact factor journals were selected, and publications related to otolaryngology for 2010 and 2011 were extracted. For all publications, the reporting quality and risk of bias were assessed. RESULTS: The impact factor was 1...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224575/a-systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-paediatric-otolaryngology
#7
J Powell, S Powell, A Robson
BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been increased emphasis on the development and application of patient-reported outcome measures. This drive to assess the impact of illness or interventions, from the patient's perspective, has resulted in a greater number of available questionnaires. The importance of selecting an appropriate patient-reported outcome measure is specifically emphasised in the paediatric population. The literature on patient-reported outcome measures used in paediatric otolaryngology was reviewed...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210638/medical-applications-of-collagen-and-collagen-based-materials
#8
Anatoly Borisovich Shekhter, Alexey Leonidovich Fayzullin, Marina Nikolaevna Vukolova, Tatyana Georgiyevna Rudenko, Varvara Dmitriyevna Osipycheva, Petr Francevich Litvitsky
Collagen and collagen-based materials have been successfully used in medicine for over 50 years. The number of scientific articles about the role of collagen in the construction of scaffolds for tissue engineering has risen precipitously in recent years. The review contains materials about historic and modern applications of collagen in medicine such as soluble collagen injections, solid constructs reconstructed from solution, and decellularized collagen matrices. The analysis of published data proves the efficacy of collagen material in the treatment of chronic wounds, burns, venous and diabetic ulcers, in plastic, reconstructive and general surgery, urology, proctology, gynecology, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, neurosurgery, dentistry, cardiovascular and bone and cartilage surgery, as well as in cosmetology...
December 5, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200375/a-case-of-laryngeal-granuloma-likely-caused-by-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-disease-following-a-sagittal-split-ramus-osteotomy
#9
Mami Nakamura, Akio Uda, Naokazu Kataoka, Kana Nagasaka, Kazuhisa Tamashige, Daichi Mori, Hideo Niwa, Koh Shibutani
Laryngeal granuloma is an uncommon complication of prolonged endotracheal intubation. A 25-year-old woman with severe jaw deformity underwent sagittal split ramus osteotomy under general anesthesia. Two days after extubation, the patient complained of hoarseness, sore throat, and dyspnea. When symptoms persisted, she was evaluated in the Otolaryngology Department. She was diagnosed with laryngeal granuloma of the bilateral arytenoid cartilages, and conservative treatment was selected. Administration of corticosteroid hormones, proton pump inhibitors, and a subsequent follow-up examination performed in our outpatient clinic showed no evidence of recurrence 10 months after the initial presentation...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192853/to-p-or-not-to-p-backing-bayesian-statistics
#10
REVIEW
Farrel J Buchinsky, Neil K Chadha
In biomedical research, it is imperative to differentiate chance variation from truth before we generalize what we see in a sample of subjects to the wider population. For decades, we have relied on null hypothesis significance testing, where we calculate P values for our data to decide whether to reject a null hypothesis. This methodology is subject to substantial misinterpretation and errant conclusions. Instead of working backward by calculating the probability of our data if the null hypothesis were true, Bayesian statistics allow us instead to work forward, calculating the probability of our hypothesis given the available data...
December 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182011/mobile-technology-based-real-time-teleotolaryngology-care-facilitated-by-a-nonotolaryngologist-physician-in-an-adult-population
#11
Raphael Yulzari, Shlomi Bretler, Yaniv Avraham, Adi Sharabi-Nov, Ella Even-Tov, Peter Gilbey
OBJECTIVES: Telehealth can improve access to specialist care. Very few reports of the use of smartphones for teleotolaryngology exist. The objective of this study is to evaluate the use of mobile teleotolaryngology facilitated by a nonotolaryngologist physician. METHODS: A prospective study in adult patients attending a general otolaryngology outpatient clinic. The telehealth encounter with a remote otolaryngologist was facilitated by a final-year medical student simulating a general physician prior to the scheduled visit...
November 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176420/trends-and-predictors-of-national-institutes-of-health-funding-to-plastic-surgery-residency-programs
#12
Jason Silvestre, Joseph M Abbatematteo, Benjamin Chang, Joseph M Serletti
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated low levels of National Institutes of Health funding for surgical research. The authors compared the funding in plastic surgery with the funding for other surgical specialties. METHODS: A query of National Institutes of Health grants awarded to departments of surgical specialties was performed using the National Institutes of Health RePORTER database (2008 to 2016). Trends in funding were compared by specialty and adjusted for the number of active physicians in each specialty...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140965/long-term-hearing-preservation-after-resection-of-vestibular-schwannoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Syed F Ahsan, Farhan Huq, Michael Seidman, Andrew Taylor
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature on the long-term results of hearing preservation after vestibular schwannoma resection. DATA SOURCES: Ovid/Medline, PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane library from January 1980 to January 2015. STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria: age ≥18 years, minimum 10 patients in the treatment group, hearing preserving microsurgery, no previous radiation treatment, serviceable hearing at immediate postop follow-up, hearing outcomes reported using Gardner Robinson or the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgeons hearing grading scales, and average follow-up of 5 years...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137052/arytenoid-cartilage-dislocation-mimicking-bilateral-vocal-cord-paralysis-a-case-report
#14
Eun H Chun, Hee J Baik, Rack K Chung, Hun J Lee, Kwangseob Shin, Jae H Woo
RATIONALE: Arytenoid dislocation is very rare and may be misdiagnosed as vocal cord paralysis or a self-limiting sore throat. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 70-year-old male (70 kg, 156 cm) was scheduled for transurethral resection of bladder tumors. A McGrath videolaryngoscope, with a basic cuffed Mallinckrodt oral tracheal tube of 7.5 mm internal diameter, was used to successfully intubate his trachea. The duration of surgery was 25 minutes. In the recovery room, he complained of sore throat and dyspnea with inspiratory stridor, which were not resolved after intravenous injection of 10 mg of dexamethasone...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121199/the-next-19-years-of-the-american-head-and-neck-society
#15
Jeffrey N Myers
Jeffrey N. Myers, MD, PhD, president of the American Head and Neck Society (AHNS) for 2016 to 2017, offered his perspectives on the AHNS's history, present-day activities, and future plans at this year's annual meeting of the society. The society was created from the 1998 merger of 2 societies, the Society for Head and Neck Surgeons (SHNS), founded in 1954, and the American Society for Head and Neck Surgery (ASHNS), founded in 1959, to become the largest organization in North America for the advancement of research and education in head and neck oncology...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109837/comparing-plastic-surgery-and-otolaryngology-management-in-cleft-care-an-analysis-of-4-999-cases
#16
Kevin T Jubbal, Dmitry Zavlin, Shola Olorunnipa, Anthony Echo, Edward P Buchanan, Larry H Hollier
Care for patients with cleft lip and palate is best managed by a craniofacial team consisting of a variety of specialists, including surgeons, who are generally plastic surgeons or otolaryngologists trained in the United States. The goal of this study was to compare the surgical approaches and management algorithms of cleft lip, cleft palate, and nasal reconstruction between plastic surgeons and otolaryngologists. We performed a retrospective analysis of the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric database between 2012 and 2014 to identify patients undergoing primary repair of cleft lip, cleft palate, and associated rhinoplasty...
December 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079108/reap-what-you-sow-which-rural-surgery-training-programs-currently-exist-and-do-medical-students-know-of-their-existence
#17
Isolina R Rossi, Aaron L Wiegmann, Pat Schou, David C Borgstrom, Matthew B Rossi
BACKGROUND: There exists an acute need to recruit and train general surgeons for rural communities. To assist medical students interested in rural surgery, the American College of Surgeons (ACS) website lists general surgery residencies, which are tailored to train the rural surgeon by providing exposure to endoscopy, gynecology, urology, orthopedics, and otolaryngology. Another available reference is the American Medical Association Fellowship and Residency Electronic Database (FREIDA)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064313/national-multispecialty-survey-results-comparing-morbidity-and-mortality-conference-practices-within-and-outside-otolaryngology
#18
Karthik Balakrishnan, Ellis M Arjmand, Brian Nussenbaum, And Carl Snyderman
Objective The objective is to describe variations in the otolaryngology morbidity and mortality (M&M) conference and to compare with other specialties. Design Cross-sectional survey. Setting The setting included otolaryngology departments across the United States and nonotolaryngology medical and surgical departments at 4 academic medical centers. Subjects and Methods Participants were members of a national otolaryngology quality/safety network and nonotolaryngology quality leaders at 4 large academic hospitals...
October 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051791/hyalinizing-trabecular-tumor-of-the-thyroid-gland-and-its-significant-diagnostic-issue
#19
Dustin J Jones, Christopher R Kieliszak, Sanjay S Patel, Christopher R Selinsky
BACKGROUND: Hyalinizing trabecular tumors (HTT) are rare follicular cell-derived tumors of the thyroid gland that are infrequently reported in otolaryngology literature. We present here an interesting case of HTT which provides the basis for review of this entity's clinical characteristics, criteria useful in making the diagnosis, and any currently available therapeutic modalities. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old Caucasian female underwent a CT scan of her chest and was incidentally found to have a nodule within the right thyroid lobe...
2017: Thyroid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049530/risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-among-otolaryngology-patients-vs-general-surgery-and-plastic-surgery-patients
#20
John D Cramer, Amanda E Dilger, Alex Schneider, Stephanie Shintani Smith, Sandeep Samant, Urjeet A Patel
Importance: Venous thromboembolism (VTE), which includes deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism, is the number 1 cause of preventable death in surgical patients. Current guidelines from the American College of Chest Physicians provide VTE prevention recommendations that are specific to individual surgical subspecialties; however, no guidelines exist for otolaryngology. Objective: To examine the rate of VTE for various otolaryngology procedures compared with an established average-risk field (general surgery) and low-risk field (plastic surgery)...
October 19, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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