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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900760/choice-of-anaesthesia-for-category-1-caesarean-section-in-women-with-anticipated-difficult-tracheal-intubation-the-use-of-decision-analysis
#1
A J Krom, Y Cohen, J P Miller, T Ezri, S H Halpern, Y Ginosar
A predicted difficult airway is sometimes considered a contra-indication to rapid sequence induction of general anaesthesia, even in an urgent case such as a category-1 caesarean section for fetal distress. However, formally assessing the risk is difficult because of the rarity and urgency of such cases. We have used decision analysis to quantify the time taken to establish anaesthesia, and probability of failure, of three possible anaesthetic methods, based on a systematic review of the literature. We considered rapid sequence induction of general anaesthesia with videolaryngoscopy, awake fibreoptic intubation and rapid spinal anaesthesia...
November 30, 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861696/a-cadaver-study-comparing-three-fibreoptic-assisted-techniques-for-converting-a-supraglottic-airway-to-a-cuffed-tracheal-tube
#2
B L Olesnicky, A Rehak, W B Bestic, J T Brock, L Watterson
After rescuing an airway with a supraglottic airway device, a method to convert it to a cuffed tracheal tube is often needed. The best method to do this has never been directly studied. We compared three techniques for conversion of a standard LMA(®) Unique airway to a cuffed endotracheal tube using a fibrescope. The primary endpoint was time to intubation, with secondary endpoints of success rate, perceived difficulty and preferred technique. We also investigated the relationship between level of training and prior training and experience with the techniques on the primary outcome...
November 11, 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847515/the-ambu%C3%A2-aura-i%C3%A2-laryngeal-mask-and-lma-supreme%C3%A2-a-randomized-trial-of-clinical-performance-and-fibreoptic-positioning-in-unparalysed-anaesthetised-patients-by-novices
#3
Zanahriah Yahaya, Wendy H Teoh, Nora A Dintan, Ravi Agrawal
Introduction. Manikin studies' data cannot accurately be extrapolated to real-life scenarios and inherent differences in design and materials of newer products may affect their clinical performance. Methods. Hence, we compared the AMBU® Aura-i™ and LMA Supreme™ in this randomized trial involving 100 ASA 1-2 unparalysed anaesthetised patients undergoing minor gynaecological surgery. Investigators had <20 Aura-i insertions. Primary outcome was time to achieve effective ventilation and secondarily insertion parameters, oropharyngeal leak pressures (OLP), fibreoptic positioning, and pharyngeal morbidity...
2016: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844477/videolaryngoscopy-versus-direct-laryngoscopy-for-adult-patients-requiring-tracheal-intubation
#4
REVIEW
Sharon R Lewis, Andrew R Butler, Joshua Parker, Tim M Cook, Andrew F Smith
BACKGROUND: Successful tracheal intubation during general anaesthesia traditionally requires a line of sight to the larynx attained by positioning the head and neck and using a laryngoscope to retract the tongue and soft tissues of the floor of the mouth. Difficulties with intubation commonly arise, and alternative laryngoscopes that use digital and/or fibreoptic technology have been designed to improve visibility when airway difficulty is predicted or encountered. Among these devices, a rigid videolaryngoscope (VLS) uses a blade to retract the soft tissues and transmits a lighted video image to a screen...
November 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797814/lung-lobar-collapse-as-the-first-manifestation-of-pulmonary-epithelioid-haemangioendothelioma-diagnosed-with-fibreoptic-bronchoscopy
#5
Ahmed Abdalla, Elfateh Seedahmed, Ghassan Bachuwa, Douglas Congdon
Pulmonary epithelioid haemangioendothelioma (PEH) is a rare tumour of endothelial origin that usually occurs in the lung and liver. It usually presents as bilateral multiple nodular lesions. We report a middle-aged woman with a unique presentation of PEH with lung lobar collapse. The diagnosis was made with fibreoptic bronchoscopy rather than video-assisted thoracoscopy. Clinicians and pathologists should be aware of rare conditions that can present as lung lobar collapse.
October 24, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712021/bronchoscopy-assessment-of-acute-respiratory-failure-in-interstitial-lung-disease
#6
Antonella Arcadu, Teng Moua
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Acute respiratory failure (ARF) in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Recommended assessment for acute exacerbation (AE) of ILD includes exclusion of secondary causes via fibreoptic bronchoscopy. Our aim is to assess the role of bronchoscopy during ARF-ILD. METHODS: Consecutive ILD patients (2002-2014) hospitalized with ARF who underwent bronchoscopy were included. Baseline demographics, underlying ILD diagnoses and presenting clinical features were reviewed...
October 6, 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670928/the-performance-of-rigid-scopes-for-tracheal-intubation-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-patients-with-a-simulated-difficult-airway
#7
M Kleine-Brueggeney, R Greif, N Urwyler, B Wirthmüller, L Theiler
We compared the Bonfils(™) and SensaScope(™) rigid fibreoptic scopes in 200 patients with a simulated difficult airway randomised to one of the two devices. A cervical collar inhibited neck movement and reduced mouth opening to a mean (SD) of 23 (3) mm. The primary outcome parameter was overall success of tracheal intubation; secondary outcomes included first-attempt success, intubation times, difficulty of intubation, fibreoptic view and side-effects. The mean (95% CI) overall success rate was 88 (80-94)% for the Bonfils and 89 (81-94)% for the SensaScope (p = 0...
December 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637278/sublingual-dermoid-causing-stertor-in-an-infant
#8
P Naina, Kamran Asif Syed, Lisa Koshy, Suma Susan Mathews
Sublingual dermoids are uncommon lesions in the floor of mouth. The most common age of presentation is early adulthood, but presentation in infancy has also been reported. This report highlights the clinical presentation and treatment challenges in infants. An 8-month-old infant presented with inability to close mouth, intermittent stertor and snoring. MRI suggested a sublingual dermoid which was confirmed on histopathology of the surgically enucleated specimen. Sublingual dermoids are uncommon lesions of the floor of mouth...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630931/tracheobronchial-injury-caused-by-blunt-trauma-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#9
Vandana Pandey, Dharam S Meena, Swati Choraria, Sushil Guria
Tracheobronchial injuries are rare cases requiring skillful airway management. We report a challenging case of tracheobronchial injury in a young adult who was run over by a tractor and was referred to us from a peripheral hospital with endotracheal tube in situ. He was severely hypoxaemic on initial presentation. Diagnostic work up showed high suspicion for right bronchial transection along with left lung upper lobe contusion. Due to deteriorating clinical condition of the patient and despite immediate unavailability of fibreoptic bronchoscope, patient was immediately taken up for right posterolateral thoracotomy and double lumen tube was inserted...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608342/optimal-flexible-laryngeal-mask-airway-size-in-children-weighing-10-to-20-kg
#10
K Z Chen, T J Liu, W X Li, X Shen
This prospective, randomised study was conducted to assess the effect of flexible laryngeal mask airway (FLMA) size on oropharyngeal leak pressure (OLP) in children at the recommended intracuff pressure. A total of 120 children undergoing elective ophthalmic surgery were randomly assigned to the size 2 FLMA group or size 2.5 FLMA group. The primary measurement was OLP at an intracuff pressure of 40 cmH2O. Secondary outcomes included the incidence of OLP <10 cmH2O, insufficient ventilation, gastric insufflation, insertion time, successful first-attempt insertion rate, fibreoptic view grade and pharyngolaryngeal adverse events...
September 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512168/failed-fibreoptic-intubation-70%C3%A2-rigid-nasendoscope-and-frova-introducer-to-the-rescue
#11
Stalin Vinayagam, Mvs Satya Prakash, Pankaj Kundra, Surianarayana Gopalakrishnan
Endotracheal intubation was successfully accomplished with 70° rigid nasendoscope under video guidance in two patients in whom repeated attempts to secure airway with flexible fibreoptic bronchoscope were unsuccessful. Both patients had compromised airway (laryngeal papillomatosis and a huge thyroid swelling) and were uncooperative. Frova intubating introducer was used along with 70° rigid nasendoscope to accomplish tracheal intubation under video guidance.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456190/using-oxygen-to-improve-the-local-anaesthetic-atomisation-capabilities-of-the-lma-madgictm-malleable-stylet-during-awake-fibreoptic-intubation-a-simple-and-effective-technique
#12
LETTER
H J Holldack, K J Morandell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380415/comparing-airway-topical-anaesthesia-techniques-for-awake-fibreoptic-intubation
#13
Chao Sun, Fu Shan Xue, Rui-Ping Li, Gao-Pu Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366523/retrospective-evaluation-of-dental-treatment-under-general-anaesthesia
#14
Ahmet Selim Özkan, Mehmet Ali Erdoğan, Mukadder Şanlı, Osman Kaçmaz, Mahmut Durmuş, Cemil Çolak
OBJECTIVE: Most dental procedures can be performed with local anaesthesia, however noncompliant paediatric patients, patients with mental retardation or psychiatric disorders, severe anxiety, severe craniofacial anomalies and orofacial trauma may need general anaesthesia. In these patients accompanying central nervous system diseases and airway problems increase the risk of complications. Anaesthesia records of 467 cases of dental surgery performed under general anaesthesia between 2011-2014 is reported with information from the recent literature...
October 2015: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248287/ultrasound-and-fibreoptic-guided-percutaneous-tracheostomy-in-patient-with-deviated-trachea
#15
Kapil Dev Soni, Monica Jindal, Richa Aggarwal, Mangilal Deganwa, Jagdish Prasad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27240502/-post-intubation-laryngeal-injuries-in-a-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-of-tertiary-hospital-in-india-a-fibreoptic-endoscopic-study
#16
Bhartendu Bharti, Kamran Asif Syed, Kala Ebenezer, Ajoy Mathew Varghese, Mary Kurien
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To identify acute laryngeal injuries among pediatric patients intubated for more than 48hours, and to correlate these injuries with clinical variables. SETTING: Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) of a tertiary level hospital in India. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective, observational study. Thirty-four children meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were recruited into the study after obtaining informed consent from the parents...
June 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27228959/a-randomised-clinical-trial-comparing-the-flexible-fibrescope-and-the-pentax-airway-scope-aws-%C3%A2-for-awake-oral-tracheal-intubation
#17
C Mendonca, A Mesbah, A Velayudhan, R Danha
We compared awake fibreoptic intubation with awake intubation using the Pentax Airway Scope(®) in 40 adult patients. Sedation was achieved using a target-controlled remifentanil infusion of 1-5 ng.ml(-1) and midazolam. The airway was anaesthetised with lidocaine spray and gargle. The total procedure time - a composite of sedation time, topical anaesthesia time and intubation time - was recorded. The operator's impression of the ease of the procedure and the patients' reported comfort were recorded on a 0-100 mm visual analogue scale...
August 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27150724/a-comparison-of-the-enk-fiberoptic-atomizer-set-%C3%A2-with-boluses-of-topical-anaesthesia-for-awake-fibreoptic-intubation
#18
N Pirlich, J A Lohse, I Schmidtmann, N Didion, T Piepho, R R Noppens
We compared the Enk Fiberoptic Atomizer Set(™) with boluses of topical anaesthesia administered via the working channel during awake fibreoptic tracheal intubation in 96 patients undergoing elective surgery. Patients who received topical anaesthesia via the atomiser, compared with boluses via the fibreoptic scope, reported a better median (IQR [range]) level of comfort: 1 (1-3 [1-10]) vs. 4 (2-6 [1-10]), p < 0.0001; experienced a reduced total number of coughs: 6 (3-10 [0-34]) vs. 11 (6-13 [0-25]), p = 0...
July 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134911/a-comparative-study-of-induced-sputum-and-bronchial-washings-in-diagnosing-sputum-smear-negative-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#19
Nageswar Rao Gopathi, Venu Mandava, Usha Rani Namballa, Sravani Makala
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is one of the most important public health problem worldwide. Detecting patients with active pulmonary Koch's disease is an important component of tuberculosis control programs. However, at times in patients even with a compatible clinical picture, sputum smears do not reveal acid-fast bacilli and smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis remains a common problem. AIM: The present study is aimed to compare the results of induced sputum and bronchial washings smear in patients suspected to have sputum smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27053791/wire-guided-fibreoptic-retrograde-intubation-in-a-case-of-glottic-mass
#20
Anity Singh Dhanyee, Rahul Pillai, Raj Sahajanandan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
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