Read by QxMD icon Read


Antonella Arcadu, Teng Moua
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Acute respiratory failure (ARF) in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Recommended assessment for acute exacerbation (AE) of ILD includes exclusion of secondary causes via fibreoptic bronchoscopy. Our aim is to assess the role of bronchoscopy during ARF-ILD. METHODS: Consecutive ILD patients (2002-2014) hospitalized with ARF who underwent bronchoscopy were included. Baseline demographics, underlying ILD diagnoses and presenting clinical features were reviewed...
October 6, 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
M Kleine-Brueggeney, R Greif, N Urwyler, B Wirthmüller, L Theiler
We compared the Bonfils(™) and SensaScope(™) rigid fibreoptic scopes in 200 patients with a simulated difficult airway randomised to one of the two devices. A cervical collar inhibited neck movement and reduced mouth opening to a mean (SD) of 23 (3) mm. The primary outcome parameter was overall success of tracheal intubation; secondary outcomes included first-attempt success, intubation times, difficulty of intubation, fibreoptic view and side-effects. The mean (95% CI) overall success rate was 88 (80-94)% for the Bonfils and 89 (81-94)% for the SensaScope (p = 0...
September 27, 2016: Anaesthesia
P Naina, Kamran Asif Syed, Lisa Koshy, Suma Susan Mathews
Sublingual dermoids are uncommon lesions in the floor of mouth. The most common age of presentation is early adulthood, but presentation in infancy has also been reported. This report highlights the clinical presentation and treatment challenges in infants. An 8-month-old infant presented with inability to close mouth, intermittent stertor and snoring. MRI suggested a sublingual dermoid which was confirmed on histopathology of the surgically enucleated specimen. Sublingual dermoids are uncommon lesions of the floor of mouth...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Vandana Pandey, Dharam S Meena, Swati Choraria, Sushil Guria
Tracheobronchial injuries are rare cases requiring skillful airway management. We report a challenging case of tracheobronchial injury in a young adult who was run over by a tractor and was referred to us from a peripheral hospital with endotracheal tube in situ. He was severely hypoxaemic on initial presentation. Diagnostic work up showed high suspicion for right bronchial transection along with left lung upper lobe contusion. Due to deteriorating clinical condition of the patient and despite immediate unavailability of fibreoptic bronchoscope, patient was immediately taken up for right posterolateral thoracotomy and double lumen tube was inserted...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
K Z Chen, T J Liu, W X Li, X Shen
This prospective, randomised study was conducted to assess the effect of flexible laryngeal mask airway (FLMA) size on oropharyngeal leak pressure (OLP) in children at the recommended intracuff pressure. A total of 120 children undergoing elective ophthalmic surgery were randomly assigned to the size 2 FLMA group or size 2.5 FLMA group. The primary measurement was OLP at an intracuff pressure of 40 cmH2O. Secondary outcomes included the incidence of OLP <10 cmH2O, insufficient ventilation, gastric insufflation, insertion time, successful first-attempt insertion rate, fibreoptic view grade and pharyngolaryngeal adverse events...
September 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Stalin Vinayagam, Mvs Satya Prakash, Pankaj Kundra, Surianarayana Gopalakrishnan
Endotracheal intubation was successfully accomplished with 70° rigid nasendoscope under video guidance in two patients in whom repeated attempts to secure airway with flexible fibreoptic bronchoscope were unsuccessful. Both patients had compromised airway (laryngeal papillomatosis and a huge thyroid swelling) and were uncooperative. Frova intubating introducer was used along with 70° rigid nasendoscope to accomplish tracheal intubation under video guidance.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
H J Holldack, K J Morandell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Chao Sun, Fu Shan Xue, Rui-Ping Li, Gao-Pu Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Ahmet Selim Özkan, Mehmet Ali Erdoğan, Mukadder Şanlı, Osman Kaçmaz, Mahmut Durmuş, Cemil Çolak
OBJECTIVE: Most dental procedures can be performed with local anaesthesia, however noncompliant paediatric patients, patients with mental retardation or psychiatric disorders, severe anxiety, severe craniofacial anomalies and orofacial trauma may need general anaesthesia. In these patients accompanying central nervous system diseases and airway problems increase the risk of complications. Anaesthesia records of 467 cases of dental surgery performed under general anaesthesia between 2011-2014 is reported with information from the recent literature...
October 2015: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Kapil Dev Soni, Monica Jindal, Richa Aggarwal, Mangilal Deganwa, Jagdish Prasad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Bhartendu Bharti, Kamran Asif Syed, Kala Ebenezer, Ajoy Mathew Varghese, Mary Kurien
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To identify acute laryngeal injuries among pediatric patients intubated for more than 48hours, and to correlate these injuries with clinical variables. SETTING: Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) of a tertiary level hospital in India. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective, observational study. Thirty-four children meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were recruited into the study after obtaining informed consent from the parents...
June 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
C Mendonca, A Mesbah, A Velayudhan, R Danha
We compared awake fibreoptic intubation with awake intubation using the Pentax Airway Scope(®) in 40 adult patients. Sedation was achieved using a target-controlled remifentanil infusion of 1-5 and midazolam. The airway was anaesthetised with lidocaine spray and gargle. The total procedure time - a composite of sedation time, topical anaesthesia time and intubation time - was recorded. The operator's impression of the ease of the procedure and the patients' reported comfort were recorded on a 0-100 mm visual analogue scale...
August 2016: Anaesthesia
N Pirlich, J A Lohse, I Schmidtmann, N Didion, T Piepho, R R Noppens
We compared the Enk Fiberoptic Atomizer Set(™) with boluses of topical anaesthesia administered via the working channel during awake fibreoptic tracheal intubation in 96 patients undergoing elective surgery. Patients who received topical anaesthesia via the atomiser, compared with boluses via the fibreoptic scope, reported a better median (IQR [range]) level of comfort: 1 (1-3 [1-10]) vs. 4 (2-6 [1-10]), p < 0.0001; experienced a reduced total number of coughs: 6 (3-10 [0-34]) vs. 11 (6-13 [0-25]), p = 0...
July 2016: Anaesthesia
Nageswar Rao Gopathi, Venu Mandava, Usha Rani Namballa, Sravani Makala
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is one of the most important public health problem worldwide. Detecting patients with active pulmonary Koch's disease is an important component of tuberculosis control programs. However, at times in patients even with a compatible clinical picture, sputum smears do not reveal acid-fast bacilli and smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis remains a common problem. AIM: The present study is aimed to compare the results of induced sputum and bronchial washings smear in patients suspected to have sputum smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Anity Singh Dhanyee, Rahul Pillai, Raj Sahajanandan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Shekhar Kunal, Vikas Pilaniya, Ashok Shah
Imaging is crucial to the diagnosis of pulmonary hydatid disease, as it is often the first modality that raises suspicion of the disease. Middle lobe syndrome (MLS) as a presentation of this disease is a distinct rarity. A 45-year-old woman, a never-smoker, presented with cough and streaky haemoptysis. Imaging demonstrated a trapezoidal opacity with its base towards the hilum and contiguous with the right cardiac border. The reformatted sagittal view confirmed the diagnosis of MLS. Fibreoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) revealed an avascular white membranous structure wholly occluding the medial segment of the middle lobe...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
J H Bamber, S A Evans
The use of decision tree analysis is discussed in the context of the anaesthetic and obstetric management of a young pregnant woman with joint hypermobility syndrome with a history of insensitivity to local anaesthesia and a previous difficult intubation due to a tongue tumour. The multidisciplinary clinical decision process resulted in the woman being delivered without complication by elective caesarean section under general anaesthesia after an awake fibreoptic intubation. The decision process used is reviewed and compared retrospectively to a decision tree analytical approach...
August 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
Lin Chen, Jing Cheng, Yan-Lin Wang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of propofol and sevoflurane on cytokine levels in children with community-acquired pneumonia undergoing flexible fibreoptic bronchoscopy (FFB). METHOD: Children with community-acquired pneumonia were randomly assigned to receive 3-5 mg/kg propofol i.v. or 8% inhaled sevoflurane. Haemodynamic variables, stress hormone responses and serum cytokines were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Out of 50 children aged 2-12 years (propofol, n = 25; sevoflurane, n = 25), there were no significant between-group differences in haemodynamic variables and stress hormones...
June 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
Kusuma Srividya Radhika, R Sripriya, M Ravishankar, V R Hemanth Kumar, V Jaya, S Parthasarathy
CONTEXT: Laryngeal mask airway supreme (LMA-S) has an inflatable cuff while i-gel has a noninflatable cuff made of thermoplastic elastomer. AIMS: To study the efficacy of ventilation and the laryngeal seal pressures (LSPs) with either device. Our secondary objectives were to compare the ease of insertion, adequacy of positioning the device, hemodynamic response to device insertion, and any postoperative oropharyngeal morbidity. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, single-blinded study at Teaching Medical School in South India...
January 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
S B Jørgensen, M S Bojer, E J Boll, Y Martin, K Helmersen, M Skogstad, C Struve
BACKGROUND: We describe an outbreak with an extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae strain in an intensive care unit in a secondary care hospital in Norway. The outbreak source was a fibreoptic intubation endoscope in which the outbreak strain survived despite chemothermal disinfection in a decontaminator designated for such use. The genetic marker clpK, which increases microbial heat resistance, has previously been described in K. pneumoniae outbreak strains. AIM: To investigate the role of clpK in biofilm formation and heat-shock stability in the outbreak strain...
May 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"