Read by QxMD icon Read

fibre optic intubation

Jayachandran Himarani, S Mary Nancy, V B Krishna Kumar Raja, S Shanmuga Sundaram
Damage to the endotracheal tube (ETT) is common in head and neck surgeries, especially in maxillary osteotomy. Airway management in such a crisis is crucial as there is risk of aspiration of blood into lungs, hypoxia and apnoea. This case illustrates a patient with an anticipated difficult airway who had an intraoperative damage to the ETT and was successfully managed by re-intubation with fiberoptic bronchoscope in a minimal apnoea period of <15 s using a new technique.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Bikramjit Das, Arijit Samanta, Subhro Mitra, Shahin Nikhat Jamil
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Airtraq™ optical laryngoscope is the only marketed videolaryngoscope for paediatric patients besides the fibre-optic bronchoscope. We hypothesized that intubation would be easier with Airtraq™ compared to Miller blade. Hence, we compared Airtraq™ with the Miller laryngoscope as intubation devices in paediatric patients. METHODS: This prospective, randomized study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Sixty children belonging to American Society of Anesthesiologists' Grade I-II, aged 2-10 years, posted for routine surgery requiring tracheal intubation were randomly allocated to undergo intubation using a Miller (n = 30) or Airtraq™ (n = 30) laryngoscope...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Syed Hussain Amir, Qazi Ehsan Ali, Sonali Bansal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Video Stylet (VS) is a new intubating modality that provides real-time video of endotracheal intubation (ETI). This device does not need alignment of the oral, pharyngeal and tracheal axes to view glottis and can be used in patients with limited mouth opening. The aim of this study was to compare flexible fibre-optic (FO) bronchoscope with VS in elective surgical patients in apparently normal airway patients requiring oral ETI. METHODS: Sixty patients undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia of age group 20-60 years, weight 40-70 kg, American Society of Anesthesiologist 1 and 2 and modified Mallampatti I and II were included in the study...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Leopold Simma, Domenic Cincotta, Stefan Sabato, Elliot Long
BACKGROUND: Airway emergencies presenting to the emergency department (ED) are usually managed with conventional equipment and techniques. The patient group managed urgently in the operating room (OR) has not been described. AIMS: This study aims to describe a case series of children presenting to the ED with airway emergencies managed urgently in the OR, particularly the anaesthetic equipment and techniques used and airway findings. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study undertaken at The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia...
April 12, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Saikat Niyogi, Samir Basak, Amita Acharjee, Indrani Chakraborty
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Various anaesthetic drugs, in addition to airway block, are used for producing favourable intubation conditions during awake fibre-optic intubation (AFOI), but most of them cause respiratory depression and hypoxaemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of intravenous (IV) dexmedetomidine (DEX) on sedation, patient comfort and cardiovascular responses during AFOI in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). METHODS: This randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, prospective study was conducted on 56 adult patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) undergoing elective cervical fixation, who were randomly allocated into two groups - Group D and Group C...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Essam Abd El-Halim Mahran, Mohamed Elsayed Hassan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Awake flexible fibre-optic bronchoscope (FFS) is the standard method of intubation in difficult airway in oral cancer patients. We decided to evaluate GlideScope(®) video laryngoscope (GL) for intubation as compared to the standard FFS for nasal intubation in such patients. METHODS: After the ethical committee approval, we included 54 oropharyngeal cancer patients divided randomly into two equal groups: Group G and Group F. After pre-medication and pre-oxygenation, awake nasal intubation was performed using GL in Group G and FFS in Group F...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Caineng Wu, Jianqi Wei, Qingyun Cen, Xuefan Sha, Qingxiang Cai, Wuhua Ma, Ying Cao
A difficult airway may lead to hypoxia and brain damage. The WEI Nasal Jet Tube (WNJ) is a new nasal pharyngeal tube that applies supraglottic jet oxygenation and ventilation (SJOV) for patients during tracheal intubation without the need for mask ventilation. We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of SJOV-assisted fibre-optic bronchoscopy (FOB) using the WNJ in the management of difficult tracheal intubations. A total of 50 adult patients with Cormack-Lehane grade ≥3 and general anesthesia with tracheal intubation were randomly assigned to either the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) or WNJ groups...
September 14, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Shagun Bhatia Shah, Ajay Kumar Bhargava, Uma Hariharan, Amit Kumar Mittal, Nitesh Goel, Manish Choudhary
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several devices enabling double-lumen tube (DLT) placement for thoracic surgeries are available, but there are no studies for D-blade video laryngoscope-guided DLT insertion. We compared the CMac D-blade videolaryngoscope™ and the Macintosh laryngoscope for DLT endobronchial intubation using parameters of time and attempts required for intubation, glottic view, incidence of complications and haemodynamic changes. METHODS: Prospective, parallel group, randomised controlled clinical trial where sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists I and II patients aged 18-80 years scheduled for thoracic surgeries entailing DLT placement were randomly allocated in two groups based on the laryngoscopic device used for endobronchial intubation...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Arijit Sardar, Puneet Khanna, Abhishek Singh, Ankur Sharma
A 15-year-old female patient presented with severe pain in the abdomen and obstructive uropathy. She underwent Yang-Monti ileovesicostomy under general anaesthesia. She is a known case of long-standing meningomyelocele (MMC) and presented with its potential complications such as difficult airway and restrictive lung disease. We describe the successful anaesthetic management of a case of anticipated difficult airway and postoperative hypoventilation as a sequel of kyphosis due to MMC. Her airway was secured with fibre optic-guided intubation in a semirecumbent position...
February 16, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
S T Samuelson, G Burnett, A J Sim, I Hofer, A D Weinberg, A Goldberg, T S Chang, S DeMaria
BACKGROUND: Fibre-optic intubation (FOI) is an advanced technical skill, which anaesthesia residents must frequently perform under pressure. In surgical subspecialties, a virtual 'warm-up' has been used to prime a practitioner's skill set immediately before performance of challenging procedures. This study examined whether a virtual warm-up improved the performance of elective live patient FOI by anaesthesia residents. METHODS: Clinical anaesthesia yr 1 and 2 (CA1 and CA2) residents were recruited to perform elective asleep oral FOI...
March 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Gunilla Björling, Dorota Johansson, Linda Bergström, Shah Jalal, Ivar Kohn, Claes Frostell, Sigridur Kalman
BACKGROUND: Hospital acquired infections worsen the outcome of patients treated in intensive care units and are costly. Coatings with silver or metal alloys may reduce or alter the formation of biofilm on invasive medical devices. An endotracheal tube (ETT) is used to connect the patient to a ventilator and coated tubes have been tested in relation to bacterial colonization and respiratory infection. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate and compare a coated and uncoated ETT for patient symptoms and local tracheal tolerability during short term clinical use...
December 1, 2015: BMC Anesthesiology
C Frerk, V S Mitchell, A F McNarry, C Mendonca, R Bhagrath, A Patel, E P O'Sullivan, N M Woodall, I Ahmad
These guidelines provide a strategy to manage unanticipated difficulty with tracheal intubation. They are founded on published evidence. Where evidence is lacking, they have been directed by feedback from members of the Difficult Airway Society and based on expert opinion. These guidelines have been informed by advances in the understanding of crisis management; they emphasize the recognition and declaration of difficulty during airway management. A simplified, single algorithm now covers unanticipated difficulties in both routine intubation and rapid sequence induction...
December 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Leif Nordang, Carl-Eric Lindholm, Jan Larsson, Arne Linder
The objective of this study was to study the short-term impact on larynx by a newly designed anatomical tube. A prospective randomised trial of a newly designed anatomical tube versus a standard endotracheal tube in patients operated under general anaesthesia for at least 12 h. Seventy adults were included and randomised to either type of tube. The patients were evaluated by means of fibre-optic laryngoscopy and VAS-rating of symptoms on two occasions in the first post-operative week. The evaluating investigators and the patients were blinded to the type of tube used...
March 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
S Badiger, M John, R A Fearnley, I Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Awake fibre-optic intubation is a widely practised technique for anticipated difficult airway management. Despite the administration of supplemental oxygen during the procedure, patients are still at risk of hypoxia because of the effects of sedation, local anaesthesia, procedural complications, and the presence of co-morbidities. Traditionally used oxygen-delivery devices are low flow, and most do not have a sufficient reservoir or allow adequate fresh gas flow to meet the patient's peak inspiratory flow rate, nor provide an adequate fractional inspired oxygen concentration to prevent desaturation should complications arise...
October 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Takafumi Matsumoto, Yoko Sato, Satoshi Fukuda, Shinshu Katayama, Yuya Miyazaki, Makoto Ozaki, Toru Kotani
Objective Fibre-optic bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (FOB-BAL) is an important tool for diagnosing and selecting treatment for acutely hypoxaemic patients with diffuse lung infiltrates. However, FOB-BAL carries a risk of significant hypoxaemia and subsequent tracheal intubation during and after the procedure. The application of FOB-BAL using a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) in combination with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) may minimize the incidence of hypoxaemia; however, the safety and efficacy of this procedure have not been investigated...
2015: Internal Medicine
Neil H Crooks, Jaimin Patel, Lavanya Diwakar, Fang Gao Smith
We describe the case of a 75-year-old woman who presented with massive tongue and lip swelling secondary to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced angioedema. An awake fibre-optic intubation was performed because of impending airway obstruction. As there was no improvement in symptoms after 72 hours, the selective bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist icatibant (Firazyr) was administered and the patient's trachea was successfully extubated 36 hours later. To our knowledge this is the first documented case of icatibant being used for the treatment of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced angioedema in the United Kingdom and represents a novel therapeutic option in its management...
2014: Case Reports in Critical Care
David J Murray
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Simulation's role in anesthesia education is expanding to include more advanced skills and training for subspecialty practice. This review will provide an overview of many recent studies that expand the simulation curriculum for anesthesia education. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies describe a curriculum that uses a range of simulation modalities, including part-task trainers, mannequin-based simulation, virtual reality, in-situ techniques, screen-based simulations as well as encounters with 'standardized' patients, nurses or physician colleagues...
December 2014: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Payal Kajekar, Cyprian Mendonca, Rati Danha, Carl Hillermann
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pentax airway scope (AWS) has been successfully used for managing difficult intubations. In this case series, we aimed to evaluate the success rate and time taken to complete intubation, when AWS was used for awake tracheal intubation. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated the use of AWS for awake tracheal intubation in 30 patients. Indication for awake intubation, intubation time, total time to complete tracheal intubation, laryngoscopic view (Cormack and Lehane grade), total dose of local anaesthetic used, anaesthetists rating and patient's tolerance of the procedure were recorded...
July 2014: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Vanlal Darlong, Ghansham Biyani, Ravindra Pandey, Dalim K Baidya, Chandralekha and Jyotsna Punj
BACKGROUND: Flexible laryngeal mask airway is a commonly used supraglotic airway device (SAD) during ophthalmic surgeries. Air-Q intubating laryngeal airway (ILA) is a newer SAD used as primary airway device and as a conduit for intubation as well. Available literature shows that air-Q performs equal or better than other SADs in children and adults. However, limited data is available using air-Q in infants and small children <10 kg. So, our aim was ‘To compare the performance and efficacy of these two devices in infants and small children’...
October 2014: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Ruixiang Zhang, Shilei Liu, Haibo Sun, Xianben Liu, Zongfei Wang, Jianjun Qin, Xionghuai Hua, Yin Li
Double-lumen endotracheal tube (DLET) anaesthesia is the commonly used method in minimally invasive oesophagectomy (MIE). However, DLET intubation does have its disadvantages. Firstly, the placement of the DLET needs a skilled anaesthetist with familiarity of the technique and subsequent ability to perform a fibre-optic bronchoscopy for confirmation. Secondly, DLET intubation and one-lung ventilation are associated with numerous complications, including hoarseness, tracheobronchial injury and vocal injury. In this report, a retrospective analysis was performed on 42 consecutive patients who underwent MIE using single-lumen endotracheal tube (SLET) anaesthesia with CO2 artificial pneumothorax compared with 81 patients who underwent the same procedure with DLET intubation...
August 2014: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"