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Fulminant myocarditis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889166/not-every-fulminant-lymphocytic-myocarditis-fully-recovers
#1
Giacomo Veronese, Manlio Cipriani, Duccio Petrella, Patrizia Pedrotti, Cristina Giannattasio, Andrea Garascia, Fabrizio Oliva, Karin Klingel, Maria Frigerio, Enrico Ammirati
: Fulminant myocarditis is a distinct entity within the acute forms of myocarditis characterized by a rapidly progressive clinical course. Lymphocytic forms have been historically reported to generally resolve spontaneously with early appropriate aggressive supportive care alone. We describe the case of a 28-year-old man with lymphocytic fulminant myocarditis presenting with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, treated with veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, progressed to end stage cardiac failure requiring heart transplantation...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863096/prognostic-value-of-electrocardiography-in-patients-with-fulminant-myocarditis-supported-by-percutaneous-venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-analysis-from-the-change-pump-study
#2
Akinori Sawamura, Takahiro Okumura, Masaaki Ito, Yukio Ozaki, Nobuyuki Ohte, Tetsuya Amano, Toyoaki Murohara
BACKGROUND: Fulminant myocarditis (FM) presents various abnormal findings on ECG, the prognostic impact of which has not been not fully elucidated. The aim of this study was therefore to clarify the prognostic value of ECG data in FM patients supported by venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO).Methods and Results:In this multicenter chart review, we investigated 99 patients with FM supported by VA-ECMO. The final cohort consisted of 87 patients (mean age, 52±16 years; female, 42%) after 12 patients who required conversion to other forms of mechanical circulatory support were excluded...
June 1, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843541/hemoadsorption-in-cardiac-shock-with-biventricular-failure-and-giant-cell-myocarditis-a-case-report
#3
Günes Dogan, Jasmin Hanke, Jakob Puntigam, Axel Haverich, Jan D Schmitto
PURPOSE: Giant-cell myocarditis represents a rare and often fatal autoimmune disorder. Despite extracorporeal life support being a valid treatment option, alternatives to control the underlying inflammatory response remain sparse. A new hemoadsorption device (CytoSorb) has recently been introduced to treat patients with an excessive inflammatory response. METHODS: A 57-year-old patient developed fulminant right heart failure, respiratory insufficiency, hemodynamic instability, and oliguric-anuric renal failure...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801747/late-onset-fulminant-myocarditis-with-immune-checkpoint-inhibitor-nivolumab
#4
Shogo Yamaguchi, Ryota Morimoto, Takahiro Okumura, Yuta Yamashita, Tomoaki Haga, Tasuku Kuwayama, Tsuyoshi Yokoi, Hiroaki Hiraiwa, Toru Kondo, Yuki Sugiura, Naoki Watanabe, Naoaki Kano, Kei Kohno, Kenji Fukaya, Akinori Sawamura, Kenji Yokota, Hideki Ishii, Masato Nakaguro, Masashi Akiyama, Toyoaki Murohara
A 60-year-old man was diagnosed with melanoma. After receiving 13 infusions of nivolumab, he had fulminant myocarditis. The myocardial biopsy specimen revealed extensive lymphocytic infiltration, interstitial edema, and myocardial necrosis, with predominant CD4+, CD8+, CD20-, and programmed death-1- markers. Programmed death-1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) was predominantly expressed on the surface of the damaged myocardium. Although it is reported that myocarditis induced by the human anti-programmed death-1 inhibitor nivolumab therapy rarely occurred at > 2 months use in clinical trials, this case showed that even if at a late phase, long-term use of immune checkpoint inhibitors might to lead immune-related adverse events including myocarditis...
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777285/insufficient-left-ventricular-unloading-after-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-case-series-observational-study
#5
W Hu, J Zhou, L Chen, J Huang, W Hu, Y Zhu, T Yuan
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a method widely used to support circulation in patients with fulminant myocarditis (FM). However, a common complication associated with ECMO is left ventricular (LV) overload. METHODS: This case series observed the effects of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) and beta-blockers for the treatment of LV overload after ECMO. The cases of eight patients with FM who underwent ECMO from September 2009 to July 2016 were reviewed...
May 18, 2018: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776940/successful-treatment-of-fulminant-neonatal-enteroviral-myocarditis-in-monochorionic-diamniotic-twins-with-cardiopulmonary-support-intravenous-immunoglobulin-and-pocapavir
#6
Shahnawaz M Amdani, Hannah S Kim, Anthony Orvedahl, Audrey Odom John, Ahmed Said, Kathleen Simpson
Neonatal cardiogenic shock most commonly occurs due to critical congenital heart disease, sepsis, metabolic disorder or arrhythmias. In particular, enterovirus infections are common in the neonatal period, and patients can present with fulminant myocarditis. Early recognition is imperative due to its high morbidity and mortality without prompt and aggressive treatment. We present the successful treatment of fulminant neonatal enteroviral myocarditis in a pair of monochorionic diamniotic twins with cardiopulmonary support, intravenous immunoglobulin and pocapavir, an enteroviral capsid inhibitor...
May 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757498/clinical-determinants-of-successful-weaning-from-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-patients-with-fulminant-myocarditis
#7
Manabu Matsumoto, Yasuhide Asaumi, Yuichi Nakamura, Takeshi Nakatani, Toshiyuki Nagai, Tomoaki Kanaya, Shoji Kawakami, Satoshi Honda, Yu Kataoka, Seiko Nakajima, Osamu Seguchi, Masanobu Yanase, Kunihiro Nishimura, Yoshihiro Miyamoto, Kengo Kusano, Toshihisa Anzai, Teruo Noguchi, Tomoyuki Fujita, Junjiro Kobayashi, Hatsue Ishibashi-Ueda, Hiroaki Shimokawa, Satoshi Yasuda
AIMS: Patients with fulminant myocarditis (FM) often present with cardiogenic shock and require mechanical circulatory support, including extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and ventricular assist device (VAD) implantation. This study sought to clarify the determinants of successful weaning from ECMO in FM patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 37 consecutive FM patients supported by ECMO as the initial form of mechanical circulatory support between January 1995 and December 2014 in our hospital...
May 14, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735962/fatal-myopericarditis-following-an-influenza-a-h3n2-infection
#8
Caroline Lefeuvre, Sylvie Behillil, Stéphane Triau, Antonio Monteiro-Rodrigues, François Templier, Cong Tri Tran, Hélène Le Guillou-Guillemette, Françoise Lunel-Fabiani, Vincent Enouf, Alexandra Ducancelle
BACKGROUND Influenza viruses induce uncomplicated infections in most cases in individuals with no known predisposing factors. Acute febrile illness is generally limited to upper respiratory symptoms and several constitutional symptoms, including headache, lethargy, and myalgia. However, influenza A virus is a cause of severe morbidity and mortality worldwide. Some patients are at risk for serious and fatal complications. Cardiac involvement is a well-known condition, but, clinically apparent influenza myocarditis is not common...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730342/nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-metabolic-remodelling-in-the-inflamed-heart-in-acute-viral-myocarditis
#9
Alexander H V Remels, Wouter J A Derks, Berta Cillero-Pastor, Koen J P Verhees, Marco C Kelders, Ward Heggermont, Paolo Carai, Georg Summer, Shane R Ellis, Chiel C de Theije, Ron M A Heeren, Stephane Heymans, Ana P Papageorgiou, Marc van Bilsen
Acute viral myocarditis (VM), characterised by leukocytes infiltration and dysfunction of the heart, is an important cause of sudden cardiac death in young adults. Unfortunately, to date, the pathological mechanisms underlying cardiac failure in VM remain incompletely understood. In the current study, we investigated if acute VM leads to cardiac metabolic rewiring and if this process is driven by local inflammation. Transcriptomic analysis of cardiac biopsies from myocarditis patients and a mouse model of VM revealed prominent reductions in the expression of a multitude of genes involved in mitochondrial oxidative energy metabolism...
May 3, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650641/anti-pd1-associated-fulminant-myocarditis-after-a-single-pembrolizumab-dose-the-role-of-occult-pre-existing-autoimmunity
#10
Nicolas Martinez-Calle, Paula Rodriguez-Otero, Sara Villar, Luis Mejías, Ignacio Melero, Felipe Prosper, Patricia Marinello, Bruno Paiva, Miguel Idoate, Jesus San-Miguel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628475/prognostic-improvement-of-acute-necrotizing-eosinophilic-myocarditis-anem-through-a-rapid-pathological-diagnosis-and-appropriate-therapy
#11
Akihiko Yonenaga, Eriko Hasumi, Katsuhito Fujiu, Aya Ushiku, Masaru Hatano, Jiro Ando, Hiroyuki Morita, Masafumi Watanabe, Issei Komuro
We present the case of a patient with acute necrotizing eosinophilic myocarditis (ANEM) who rapidly recovered after receiving high-dose corticosteroid therapy. A previously healthy 29-year-old woman presented to our hospital with abdominal pain, nausea, and fever that had lasted for two days. Her clinical condition progressively declined and she ultimately presented with cardiogenic shock due to fulminant heart failure and atrioventricular dissociation due to sinus bradycardia, which required inotropic and ventilatory support...
May 30, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537977/fulminant-myocarditis-characteristics-treatment-and-outcomes
#12
Giacomo Veronese, Enrico Ammirati, Manlio Cipriani, Maria Frigerio
Myocarditis is an inflammatory disease of the myocardium with a broad spectrum of clinical presentations, ranging from mild symptoms to severe heart failure. The course of patients with myocarditis is heterogeneous, varying from partial or full clinical recovery in few days to advanced low cardiac output syndrome requiring mechanical circulatory support or heart transplantation. Fulminant myocarditis (FM) is a peculiar clinical condition and is an acute form of myocarditis, whose main characteristic is a rapidly progressive clinical course with the need for hemodynamic support...
March 13, 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457263/acute-myocarditis-with-thrombus-near-left-ventricular-outflow-tract
#13
Nicholas J Whitehead, Stuart Murch, James W Leitch, Rosemary A Hackworthy
A young woman presented with fulminant heart failure. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed severe left ventricular dysfunction with a mass adjacent to the basal anterior wall, near the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT). The cause of the acute heart failure and mass was unclear. Transesophageal echocardiography, with contrast, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging findings were consistent with thrombus near the LVOT. Cardiac biopsy suggested giant cell myocarditis. The patient was treated with anticoagulation, steroids, and heart failure medications with resolution of the thrombus...
April 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451654/fulminant-myocarditis-in-children-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-to-the-rescue
#14
COMMENT
Patrick M Honore, Herbert D Spapen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443352/levitronix-bilateral-ventricular-assist-device-a-bridge-to-recovery-in-a-patient-with-acute-fulminant-myocarditis-and-concomitant-cerebellar-infarction
#15
Yi-Fan Huang, Po-Shun Hsu, Chien-Sung Tsai, Yi-Ting Tsai, Chih-Yuan Lin, Hong-Yan Ke, Yi-Chang Lin, Hsiang-Yu Yang
We report on the case of a 27-year-old male who presented to our emergency room with chest tightness, dyspnoea and cold sweats. The 12-lead electrocardiogram showed diffuse ventricular tachycardia with wide QRS complexes. Troponin-I level was elevated to 100 ng/ml. The coronary angiogram showed good patency of all three coronary vessels, and acute fulminant myocarditis was suspected. The patient underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the catheter room and high-dose inotropic support was initiated to stabilise his haemodynamic status...
February 7, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437909/when-lightning-strikes-twice-in-pediatrics-case-report-and-review-of-recurrent-myocarditis
#16
Alisha Floyd, Ashwin Lal, Kimberly Molina, Michael Puchalski, Dylan Miller, Lindsay May
Myocarditis is an important but incompletely understood cause of cardiac dysfunction. Children with fulminant myocarditis often require inotropic or mechanical circulatory support, and researchers in some studies suggest that up to 42% of children who die suddenly have evidence of myocarditis. Recurrent myocarditis is extremely rare, and the vast majority of reported cases involve adult patients. Pediatric providers who suspect a recurrence of myocarditis have limited evidence to guide patient management because the literature in this domain is sparse...
February 8, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384884/influence-of-echocardiographic-measurements-and-renal-impairments-on-the-prognosis-of-fulminant-myocarditis
#17
Mingzhu Xu, Tingbo Jiang, Yafeng Zhou, Xiangjun Yang
Fulminant myocarditis is a severe cardiac emergency that may lead to death if effective cardiopulmonary supports are not provided. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic predictors in patients with fulminant myocarditis.We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics, complications, laboratory findings, treatments, as well as electrocardiographic and echocardiographic data of 73 consecutive subjects diagnosed with fulminant myocarditis from June 2012 to June 2016. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the independent predictive factors of nonsurvivor fulminant myocarditis...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367381/fulminant-myocarditis
#18
Takatsugu Segawa, Yoh Arita, Tomomi Akari, Shinji Hasegawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359844/hepatitis-a-cardiomyopathy-aplastic-anemia-and-acute-liver-failure-a-devastating-scenario
#19
Verónica Botero, Víctor H García, Ana M Aristizabal, Catalina Gomez, Paola Perez, Luis A Caicedo, Gabriel J Echeverri
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) causes an acute infection and is usually asymptomatic in children. When clinical manifestations appear, these include choluria, jaundice, and abdominal pain. Although infrequent, extra-hepatic manifestations related to HAV have been described, affecting the heart, bone marrow, blood vessels, and other tissues.A 10-year-old boy from a rural area presented with a 15-day history of malaise, fever, and jaundice; laboratory examinations were compatible with HAV infection. The patient turned encephalopathic and was remitted to our center, where laboratory examinations showed a medullary aplasia and fulminant hepatitis requiring a liver transplant that was performed 72 hours after admission...
April 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345417/catheter-based-edge-to-edge-mitral-valve-repair-for-pulmonary-pressure-reduction-and-to-postpone-heart-transplantation-in-a-teenaged-patient
#20
Moritz Messner, Florian Hintringer, Silvana Müller, Marc Michael Zaruba, Nikolaos Bonaros, Herwig Antretter, Daniel Basic, Gerhard Pölzl
We report a case of catheter-based edge-to-edge mitral valve repair in a teenage male patient with non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy to improve pulmonary hypertension secondary to severe functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) to defer anticipated heart transplantation. A 19-year-old patient with previous history of fulminant myocarditis followed by markedly left ventricular dysfunction presented with severe mitral regurgitation 3 years after initial recovery. Slightly over time, deterioration of FMR was associated with gradual increase in pulmonary artery pressures despite optimal medical therapy...
January 18, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
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