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Fulminant myocarditis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045749/immune-checkpoint-inhibitor-related-myocarditis
#1
Kazuko Tajiri, Kazutaka Aonuma, Ikuo Sekine
Immune checkpoint inhibitors have demonstrated significant clinical benefit in many cancers. The clinical benefit afforded by these treatments can be accompanied by a unique and distinct spectrum of adverse events. Recently, several fatal cases of immune checkpoint inhibitor-related myocarditis were reported. Although its frequency is comparatively lower than that of other immune-related adverse events, myocarditis can lead to circulatory collapse and lethal ventricular arrhythmia. Immune checkpoints, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), play important roles in establishing peripheral tolerance to the heart...
October 17, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036971/-chinese-expert-consensus-statement-on-clinical-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-fulminant-myocarditis-in-adults
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942550/esc-position-paper-on-cardiovascular-toxicity-of-cancer-treatments-challenges-and-expectations
#3
Emanuel Raschi, Igor Diemberger, Benilde Cosmi, Fabrizio De Ponti
The recent position paper of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) on cardiovascular toxicity of cancer treatments has attracted considerable interest by healthcare professionals, since it is the first concrete help in the difficult task of monitoring and approaching cardiovascular side effects of anticancer treatments. The ESC expert opinion was not intended as a clinical practice guideline; however, it reports major cardiovascular complications grouped into nine categories, addressing current clinical strategies for prevention and mitigation...
September 23, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942401/fulminant-myocardial-bleeding-another-clinical-course-of-vascular-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#4
Masahide Tokue, Hidehiko Hara, Kenji Kurosawa, Masato Nakamura
Vascular Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (vEDS) is a dominantly inherited connective tissue disorder characterised by colon rupture and arterial aneurysm, dissection and rupture. A patient was diagnosed with vEDS after a spontaneous colon rupture when he was brought to our institute because of sudden chest pain. An ECG revealed wide regional ST elevation, which was initially suggestive of acute myocarditis. On the second day, haemodynamics suddenly deteriorated because of a rapid accumulation of bloody pericardial effusion, and the patient died...
September 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900672/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-adult-patients-with-acute-fulminant-myocarditis-clinical-outcomes-and-risk-factor-analysis
#5
X Liao, B Li, Z Cheng
BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to summarize the clinical outcomes of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in adult patients with acute fulminant myocarditis and to investigate the risk factors associated with its application. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined patients with cardiogenic shock and acute fulminant myocarditis. The following data were collected: patients' preoperative general condition, related clinical factors during ECMO, complications, and outcomes of ECMO...
September 12, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893968/correction-to-when-lightning-strikes-fulminant-myocarditis-in-the-realm-of-inflammatory-cardiomyopathies
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869988/survival-after-fulminant-myocarditis-induced-by-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors
#7
Dimitri Arangalage, Julie Delyon, Mathilde Lermuzeaux, Kenneth Ekpe, Stéphane Ederhy, Cécile Pages, Céleste Lebbé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868104/parvovirus-b19-myocarditis-of-fulminant-evolution
#8
Michael Spartalis, Eleni Tzatzaki, Eleftherios Spartalis, Christos Damaskos, Sophie Mavrogeni, Vassilis Voudris
Myocarditis is an inflammation of the myocardium. Clinical presentation ranges from non-specific systematic symptoms to fulminant collapse and sudden death. Sudden death occurs at rates of 8.6-12% and cardiomyopathy at 9%. In active myocarditis, there is inflammatory cellular infiltrate with myocardial necrosis. The disease is distinguished by clinical presentation in fulminant and non-fulminant myocarditis. We present a rare case of a parvovirus B19-induced fulminant viral myocarditis in a young female. The patient presented with acute onset heart failure mimicking a myocardial infarction, followed by non-specific symptoms that had been misdiagnosed as urinary tract infection...
August 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844428/a-case-of-cardiogenic-shock-secondary-to-complement-mediated-myopericarditis-from-influenza%C3%A2-b%C3%A2-infection
#9
Matthew Siskin, Shaline Rao, Amy Rapkiewicz, Sripal Bangalore, Michael Garshick
Influenza B is a rare cause of myocarditis that is usually caused by histiocytic and mononuclear cellular infiltrates. We describe a 22-year-old female patient presenting with fulminant myopericarditis secondary to influenza B infection that deteriorated to cardiogenic shock. Endomyocardial biopsy results yielded myocardial necrosis through complement-mediated cellular injury without evidence of interstitial infiltrates. The rare cause of this patient's disease, along with the unique pathologic findings, are an important reminder of the diversity of potential findings in myocarditis...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797029/successful-use-of-equine-anti-thymocyte-globulin-atgam-for-fulminant-myocarditis-secondary-to-nivolumab-therapy
#10
Rebecca Y Tay, Elizabeth Blackley, Catriona McLean, Maggie Moore, Peter Bergin, Sanjeev Gill, Andrew Haydon
BACKGROUND: Immune-mediated myocarditis is an uncommon adverse effect of immune checkpoint inhibition and is associated with a high rate of mortality. METHODS: In this reported case, a 64-year-old woman with right temporo-parietal glioblastoma IDH-WT was treated with nivolumab, temozolomide and radiation therapy on a clinical trial. She developed malignant arrhythmias secondary to histologically confirmed severe immune-mediated myocarditis. She was treated with equine anti-thymocyte globulin (ATGAM) due to development of malignant arrhythmias refractory to high-dose corticosteroids...
September 26, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781324/treatment-of-fulminant-giant-cell-myocarditis-associated-with-polymyositis-using-a-left-ventricular-assist-device-and-subsequent-corticosteroid-and-immunosuppressive-therapy-leading-to-remission
#11
Junichi Ooka, Hidekazu Tanaka, Yutaka Hatani, Yukio Tsuji, Ryo Takeshige, Shumpei Mori, Kensuke Matsumoto, Shigeo Hara, Hiroshi Tanaka, Yutaka Okita, Ken-Ichi Hirata
A 58-year-old man with a recent history of generalized myalgia and muscle weakness was transferred to our hospital because of acute progressive dyspnea. The patient underwent left ventricular (LV) assist device (LVAD) implantation due to cardiogenic shock with a LV ejection fraction (LVEF) of 6%. The histological findings obtained from LV apex showed the infiltration of multinucleated giant cells and severe myocardial contusion. Combining this histological finding with our experienced neurologists comments, resulted in a final diagnosis of fulminant giant cell myocarditis associated with polymyositis...
August 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772042/giant-cell-myocarditis-masquerading-as-orbital-myositis-with-a-rapid-fulminant-course-necessitating-mechanical-support-and-heart-transplantation
#12
Vinisha Garg, Weiyi Tan, Reza Ardehali, Janki Shah, Tracy Huynh, Olcay Aksoy
Giant cell myocarditis (GCM), a rapidly progressive inflammation of the myocardium, is associated with fulminant heart failure, refractory ventricular arrhythmias, and conduction system abnormalities. Few case reports have noted orbital myositis as the initial clinical presentation. Our case demonstrates a unique presentation of GCM with only ocular symptoms, which unlike prior studies, rapidly progressed to heart failure, tachyarrhythmias, and conduction disease. Our case necessitated quick recognition and treatment with mechanical support making this the first known case of GCM with successful placement of biventricular assist devices and ultimately with heart transplantation...
August 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762928/-eosinophilic-necrotizing-myocarditis-complicated-by-myocardial-rupture
#13
O Yu Karpova, R Yu Monovtsov, L I Dvoretsky, G R Cherepantsev, A V Magnitskiy
In this female patient eosinophilic myocarditis was complicated by myocardial rupture and hemopericardium with cardiac tamponade. Special features of this case were old age of the patient, fulminant course of the disease, myocardial infarction-like ECG changes, absence of peripheral blood eosinophilia. Presentation is accompanied by discussion of issues of epidemiology, clinical course, diagnostics, and possible causes of eosinophilic myocarditis.
May 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747842/combined-application-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-and-an-artificial-pacemaker-in-fulminant-myocarditis-in-a-child
#14
Sheng Ye, Lvchan Zhu, Botao Ning, Chenmei Zhang
Fulminant myocarditis is severe and aggressive, but it is self-limited and usually has a favorable prognosis if the patients can survive the acute phase. When drug treatment is not effective, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation technology should be applied to support cardiopulmonary function. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation can simultaneously support function of the left ventricle, right ventricle, and lungs, and provide stable blood circulation for patients with heart and respiratory failure, which allows sufficient time for the cardiopulmonary system to recover...
June 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745125/a-fulminant-case-of-idiopathic-giant-cell-myocarditis
#15
W Schurmans, J Ector, E Verbeken, W Droogne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728260/-clinical-analysis-of-pacing-therapy-and-treatment-of-complications-during-follow-up-in-children
#16
P J Zhao, Y W Chen, F Li, Y Li, J P Yang, J J Wu
Objective: To analyze characteristics of permanent pacemaker implantation in children as well as treatment and prognosis of complications. Method: Clinical data of children who underwent endocardial or epicardial permanent pacemaker implantation between April 2000 and June 2016 in Shanghai Xinhua Hospital and Shanghai Children's Medical Center were analyzed retrospectively. These patients were discharged 5 days after implantation. Electrocardiogram, chest X ray, echocardiography and pacemaker programming were performed during follow-up...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627657/shrna%C3%A2-mediated-np-knockdown-inhibits-the-apoptosis-of-cardiomyocytes-induced-by-h1n1pdm2009-influenza-virus
#17
Kun Yu, Yi Ren, Xiwen Zhang, Taiping Qiao, Zhiguo Liu, Jianhua Shi, Yingnan Wang
Acute influenza-associated myocarditis varies in clinical severity ranging between asymptomatic and fulminant varieties. The most severe cases can result in impaired cardiac function‑associated mortality; however, the mechanism underlying the development of viral myocarditis has yet to be fully elucidated. The present study investigated the apoptosis induced in H9C2 cardiomyocytes by infection with the H1N1pdm2009 virus. The H9C2 cells were transfected with nucleoprotein (NP)‑specific short hairpin (sh) RNA, and viral replication was re‑evaluated in H9C2 cells infected with the H1N1pdm2009 virus, as was the apoptosis induced by the virus...
August 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605364/quantitative-visualization-of-leukocyte-infiltrate-in-a-murine-model-of-fulminant-myocarditis-by-light-sheet-microscopy
#18
Linda Männ, Anika Klingberg, Matthias Gunzer, Mike Hasenberg
Light-sheet fluorescence microscopy (LSFM), in combination with chemical clearing protocols, has become the gold standard for analyzing fluorescently labelled structures in large biological specimens, and is down to cellular resolution. Meanwhile, the constant refinement of underlying protocols and the enhanced availability of specialized commercial systems enable us to investigate the microstructure of whole mouse organs and even allow for the characterization of cellular behavior in various live-cell imaging approaches...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581474/extracorporeal-life-support-survival-in-a-pediatric-hematopoietic-cellular-transplant-recipient-with-presumed-gvhd-related-fulminant-myocarditis
#19
M S Zinter, B D Barrows, P C Ursell, K Kowalek, K Kalantar, N Cambronero, J L DeRisi, P Oishi, C C Dvorak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576783/survival-and-left-ventricular-function-changes-in-fulminant-versus-nonfulminant-acute-myocarditis
#20
Enrico Ammirati, Manlio Cipriani, Marzia Lilliu, Paola Sormani, Marisa Varrenti, Claudia Raineri, Duccio Petrella, Andrea Garascia, Patrizia Pedrotti, Alberto Roghi, Edgardo Bonacina, Antonella Moreo, Maurizio Bottiroli, Maria P Gagliardone, Michele Mondino, Stefano Ghio, Rossana Totaro, Fabio M Turazza, Claudio F Russo, Fabrizio Oliva, Paolo G Camici, Maria Frigerio
BACKGROUND: Previous reports have suggested that despite their dramatic presentation, patients with fulminant myocarditis (FM) might have better outcome than those with acute nonfulminant myocarditis (NFM). In this retrospective study, we report outcome and changes in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in a large cohort of patients with FM compared with patients with NFM. METHODS: The study population consists of 187 consecutive patients admitted between May 2001 and November 2016 with a diagnosis of acute myocarditis (onset of symptoms <1 month) of whom 55 required inotropes and/or mechanical circulatory support (FM) and the remaining 132 were hemodynamically stable (NFM)...
August 8, 2017: Circulation
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