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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535480/ozonation-of-the-oxybenzone-octinoxate-and-octocrylene-uv-filters-reaction-kinetics-absorbance-characteristics-and-transformation-products
#1
Zachary R Hopkins, Sebastian Snowberger, Lee Blaney
UV-filters (UVFs) are active ingredients in personal care products that protect skin from exposure to UV light. Environmentally-relevant concentrations of UVFs have recently been linked to toxicity in aquatic organisms, necessitating research into improved UVF removal in water/wastewater treatment. Here, we investigated ozonation of the three most commonly employed UVFs: octinoxate (OMC), octocrylene (OC), and oxybenzone (OXY). Specific second-order rate constants for UVF reaction with ozone were identified as follows: OMC, 5...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535479/adsorption-of-vocs-onto-engineered-carbon-materials-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Xueyang Zhang, Bin Gao, Anne Elise Creamer, Chengcheng Cao, Yuncong Li
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) severely threaten human health and the ecological environment because most of them are toxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic. The persistent increase of VOCs together with the stringent regulations make the reduction of VOC emissions more imperative. Up to now, numerous VOC treatment technologies have emerged, such as incineration, condensation, biological degradation, absorption, adsorption, and catalysis oxidation et al. Among them, the adsorption technology has been recognized as an efficient and economical control strategy because it has the potential to recover and reuse both adsorbent and adsorbate...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535449/the-center-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-scale-ces-d-measurement-equivalence-across-gender-groups-in-hispanic-college-students
#3
Consuelo Arbona, Andrea Burridge, Norma Olvera
BACKGROUND: This study examined among Hispanic college students the factor structure and gender measurement invariance of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale. The CES-D's original 20 item four-factor model was compared to a recently proposed 14 item, three-factor model. METHODS: Participants included 858 Hispanic undergraduates at an ethnically diverse, major research, urban, public university in the Southwest United States (U.S.). Multigroup confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) and structural equation modeling were used to examine the factor structure, gender invariance, and construct validity of the CES-D scores...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535006/gastric-cancer-metabolic-and-metabolomics-perspectives-review
#4
Shiyu Xiao, Liya Zhou
Gastric cancer is one of the most malignant tumors worldwide and remains a major health threat in Asia-Pacific regions, while its pathological mechanism is generally unknown. Recent research has advanced the understanding of the relationship between metabolic reprogramming and carcinogenesis. In particular, metabolic regulation and cancer research are being further brought into sharp focus with the emergence of metabolomics. Not only can metabolomics provide global information on metabolic profiles of specific tumors, but it can also act as a promising tool to discover biomarkers regarding diagnosis, metastatic surveillance and chemotherapeutic sensitivity prediction...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534686/hashimoto-s-thyroiditis-and-vestibular-dysfunction
#5
Giuseppe Chiarella, Diego Russo, Fabio Monzani, Claudio Petrolo, Bruno Fattori, Giuseppe Pasqualetti, Ettore Cassandro, Giuseppe Costante
The aim of this review was to analyze the existing literature concerning the relationship between Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and vestibular dysfunction. METHODS: We used electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library) to search and collect all published articles about association between HT and vestibular disorders. RESULTS: Several observational and retrospective studies have postulated a relationship of thyroid autoimmunity and vestibular disorders. In most cases, an appropriate control group was lacking and the impact of thyroid functional status could not precisely be established...
May 23, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534666/human-aminoacyl-trna-synthetases-in-diseases-of-the-nervous-system
#6
Jana Ognjenović, Miljan Simonović
Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (AaRSs) are ubiquitously expressed enzymes that ensure accurate translation of the genetic information into functional proteins. These enzymes also execute a variety of non-canonical functions that are significant for regulation of diverse cellular processes and that reside outside the realm of protein synthesis. Associations between faults in AaRS-mediated processes and human diseases have been long recognized. Most recent research findings strongly argue that 10 cytosolic and 14 mitochondrial AaRSs are implicated in some form of pathology of the human nervous system...
May 23, 2017: RNA Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534381/evaluation-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-trials-registered-in-clinicaltrials-gov-database
#7
Omer Dizdar, Emre Bilgin, Serkan Akin, Saadettin Kilickap, Mutlu Hayran
PURPOSE: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) products are increasingly used because they are perceived as natural, relatively low-cost and probably effective therapies for various diseases including cancer. We aimed to determine the quantity and major characteristics of recent herbal/alternative medicine trials registered in clinicaltrials. gov in patients with cancer. METHODS: "Cancer AND (herbal OR complementary OR alternative)" key words were used to query clinicaltrials...
March 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533789/beans-phaseolus-ssp-as-a-model-for-understanding-crop-evolution
#8
REVIEW
Elena Bitocchi, Domenico Rau, Elisa Bellucci, Monica Rodriguez, Maria L Murgia, Tania Gioia, Debora Santo, Laura Nanni, Giovanna Attene, Roberto Papa
Here, we aim to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the most significant outcomes in the literature regarding the origin of Phaseolus genus, the geographical distribution of the wild species, the domestication process, and the wide spread out of the centers of origin. Phaseolus can be considered as a unique model for the study of crop evolution, and in particular, for an understanding of the convergent phenotypic evolution that occurred under domestication. The almost unique situation that characterizes the Phaseolus genus is that five of its ∼70 species have been domesticated (i...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533774/the-role-of-ifn-%C3%AE-during-the-course-of-sepsis-progression-and-its-therapeutic-potential
#9
REVIEW
Gorjana Rackov, Rahman Shokri, Melchor Álvarez De Mon, Carlos Martínez-A, Dimitrios Balomenos
Sepsis is a complex biphasic syndrome characterized by both pro- and anti-inflammatory immune states. Whereas early sepsis mortality is caused by an acute, deleterious pro-inflammatory response, the second sepsis phase is governed by acute immunosuppression, which predisposes patients to long-term risk for life-threatening secondary infections. Despite extensive basic research and clinical trials, there is to date no specific therapy for sepsis, and mortality rates are on the rise. Although IFN-β is one of the most-studied cytokines, its diverse effects are not fully understood...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533484/insights-from-animal-models-of-bladder-cancer-recent-advances-challenges-and-opportunities
#10
REVIEW
Bincy Anu John, Neveen Said
Bladder cancer (urothelial cancer of the bladder) is the most common malignancy affecting the urinary system with increasing incidence and mortality. Treatment of bladder cancer has not advanced in the past 30 years. Therefore, there is a crucial unmet need for novel therapies, especially for high grade/stage disease that can only be achieved by preclinical model systems that faithfully recapitulate the human disease. Animal models are essential elements in bladder cancer research to comprehensively study the multistep cascades of carcinogenesis, progression and metastasis...
May 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533016/drodvir-a-resource-for-exploring-the-virome-diversity-in-rodents
#11
Lihong Chen, Bo Liu, Zhiqiang Wu, Qi Jin, Jian Yang
Emerging zoonotic diseases have received tremendous interests in recent years, as they pose a significant threat to human health, animal welfare, and economic stability. A high proportion of zoonoses originate from wildlife reservoirs. Rodents are the most numerous, widespread, and diverse group of mammals on the earth and are reservoirs for many zoonotic viruses responsible for significant morbidity and mortality. A better understanding of virome diversity in rodents would be of importance for researchers and professionals in the field...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531943/recent-trends-in-zikv-research-a-step-away-from-cure
#12
REVIEW
Aftab Alam, Nikhat Imam, Anam Farooqui, Shahnawaz Ali, Md Zubbair Malik, Romana Ishrat
Zika virus (ZikV) is a member of the Flaviviridae virus family, genus Flavivirus has emerged as a potential threat to human health worldwide. Consequences of vertical infections includes microcephaly with brain and eye anomalies, and adult infections includes Guillain-Barrésyndrome (GBS), brain ischemia, myelitis and meningoencephalitis. To develop a better treatment, many efforts are being made, like drug-repurposing concept for FDA-approved drugs for antiviral activity are screened against ZikV infection and emerging as a promising alternative to expedite drug development and various vaccines like DNA, ZPIV, LAIV, mRNA and AGS-v vaccines have been designed and in under clinical trial phases...
May 17, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531646/lifetime-presence-of-psychotic-symptoms-in-bipolar-disorder-is-associated-with-less-favorable-socio-demographic-and-certain-clinical-features
#13
Bernardo Dell'Osso, Giulia Camuri, Laura Cremaschi, Cristina Dobrea, Massimiliano Buoli, Terence A Ketter, A Carlo Altamura
BACKGROUND: The presence of psychotic symptoms in bipolar disorder (BD) is considered a feature of higher severity of illness and, in particular, of manic episodes in bipolar I disorder (BD I). However, the possibility to apply the "with psychotic features" specifier to major depressive episodes in either bipolar II disorder (BD II) or BD I highlights the need for additional research in this area. METHODS: The present study assessed the lifetime presence of psychotic symptoms and related socio-demographic and clinical features in a large sample of BD patients (N=360), with (BDPs, N=207) and without a lifetime history of psychosis (BDNPs, N=153)...
April 21, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531303/varietal-preferences-and-within-orchard-and-tree-distribution-of-newly-recorded-gall-midges-dasineura-amaramanjarae-and-procontarinia-mangiferae-diptera-cecidomyiidae-from-commercial-mango-cultivars-in-pakistan
#14
H M Rehman, R Mahmood, M Razaq, R Saeed, M Jamil, G V P Reddy
Gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) damage mango by feeding on flowers and fruit tissues, inducing galls on leaves, and providing inoculums of anthracnose. Dasineura amaramanjarae Grover and Procontarinia mangiferae (Felt), two gall midges that damage flowers in all mango-growing areas of the world, have recently been recorded in Pakistan, and studies were conducted in 2011 and 2012 on the within-tree and orchard distribution patterns and cultivar preference of both species in Pakistan at one location (Rahim Yar Khan)...
May 22, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531125/characterizing-dynamic-walking-patterns-and-detecting-falls-with-wearable-sensors-using-gaussian-process-methods
#15
Taehwan Kim, Jeongho Park, Seongman Heo, Keehoon Sung, Jooyoung Park
By incorporating a growing number of sensors and adopting machine learning technologies, wearable devices have recently become a prominent health care application domain. Among the related research topics in this field, one of the most important issues is detecting falls while walking. Since such falls may lead to serious injuries, automatically and promptly detecting them during daily use of smartphones and/or smart watches is a particular need. In this paper, we investigate the use of Gaussian process (GP) methods for characterizing dynamic walking patterns and detecting falls while walking with built-in wearable sensors in smartphones and/or smartwatches...
May 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530524/is-real-world-evidence-used-in-p-t-monographs-and-therapeutic-class-reviews
#16
Jason T Hurwitz, Mary Brown, Jennifer S Graff, Loretta Peters, Daniel C Malone
BACKGROUND: Payers are faced with making coverage and reimbursement decisions based on the best available evidence. Often these decisions apply to patient populations, provider networks, and care settings not typically studied in clinical trials. Treatment effectiveness evidence is increasingly available from electronic health records, registries, and administrative claims. However, little is known about when and what types of real-world evidence (RWE) studies inform pharmacy and therapeutic (P&T) committee decisions...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530523/cost-effectiveness-of-peginterferon-beta-1a-and-alemtuzumab-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Ankur A Dashputre, Khalid M Kamal, Gauri Pawar
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system, affecting 2.5 million people globally and 400,000 people in the United States. While no cure exists for MS, the goal is to manage the disease using disease-modifying therapies (DMTs), which have been shown to slow disease progression and prevent relapses. Relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) is the most common form of MS at the time of diagnosis. Peginterferon beta-1a (PEG) and alemtuzumab (ALT) were recently approved and have demonstrated good clinical outcomes, including reduced relapse rates in clinical trials...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530430/subjective-social-status-life-course-ses-and-bmi-in-young-adulthood
#18
Matt Bradshaw, Blake Victor Kent, W Matthew Henderson, Anna Catherine Setar
OBJECTIVE: Socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with many aspects of health and well-being, including body mass index (BMI). Most research in this area has focused on objective indicators of SES such as education and income, but recent work suggests that subjective social status (SSS) is also important. This study contributes to a growing body of research on SSS and BMI. METHOD: Data from Waves I and IV the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), a study of 14,780 individuals followed from adolescence to young adulthood, were analyzed...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530093/iron-oxide-nanoparticles-powered-micro-optical-coherence-tomography-for-in-situ-imaging-the-penetration-and-swelling-of-polymeric-microneedles-in-skin
#19
Razina Z Seeni, Xiaojun Yu, Hao Chang, Peng Chen, Linbo Liu, Chenjie Xu
In recent years, polymeric microneedles (MNs) have attracted keen interests among researchers for their applicability in transdermal drug delivery and interstitial skin fluid (ISF) extraction. When design and characterize such devices, it is critical to monitor their real-time in vitro and in vivo performances to optimize the desired effects, yet most of the existing methods are incapable of such functions. To address this unmet need, we develop a real-time non-invasive imaging methodology by integrating iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles into polymeric MNs to enhance image contrast for micro-optical coherence tomography (µOCT) imaging...
May 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530079/-kidney-diseases-in-north-israel-according-to-kidney-biopsies-bnai-zion-medical-center-14-years-experience
#20
Shimon Storch, Nadav Willner, Aurora Toubi, Simona Croitoru, Vladimir Wolfson, Ibrahim Matar, Elinor Grushka, Majed Odeh, Efrat Wolfovits, Elad Schiff, Yitzhak Rosner, Elias Toubi, Aharon Kessel, Ofer Ben Izhak, Boaz Moskovitz, Ofer Nativ
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the prevalence of kidney diseases according to renal biopsy in Israel. Since updated literature worldwide emphasizes changing etiologies of chronic kidney disease, it is crucial to research and define the epidemiology and pathology of kidney disease in Israel. Hereby, we introduce an original review of the prevalence of kidney diseases in our study population, which we believe reflects the prevalence of kidney diseases in the population of Israel. AIMS: To investigate the prevalence of kidney diseases diagnosed by renal biopsy, according to age, gender, race and clinical symptoms...
September 2016: Harefuah
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