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Pleural lavage cytology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485830/diagnosis-and-management-of-pyothorax-in-a-domestic-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#1
Izidora Sladakovic, Benjamin M Brainard, Selena L Lane, Scott A Secrest, Andrew J Fox, Jaime L Tarigo, Corry K Yeuroukis, Susan Sanchez, Laila M Proenca, Joerg Mayer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the diagnosis, management, and outcome of pyothorax in a domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo). CASE SUMMARY: A domestic ferret was evaluated for a history of lethargy, anorexia, and pyrexia. Pleural effusion was detected with radiography and ultrasonography, and a diagnosis of pyothorax was made following cytologic evaluation of pleural fluid. Bilateral thoracostomy tubes were placed for thoracic drainage and lavage, and the ferret was treated with intravenous crystalloid fluids, antimicrobials, and analgesics...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474203/characteristics-and-timing-of-recurrence-during-postoperative-surveillance-after-curative-resection-for-lung-adenocarcinoma
#2
Terumoto Koike, Tatsuya Goto, Akihiko Kitahara, Seijiro Sato, Masayuki Saitoh, Takehisa Hashimoto, Osamu Namura, Masashi Takahashi, Shin-Ichi Toyabe, Masanori Tsuchida
PURPOSE: To establish the most effective methods of postoperative surveillance to detect early recurrence of lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: The subjects of this retrospective study were 485 patients with p-stage I-III lung adenocarcinoma, who underwent postoperative surveillance. We examined the sites and detection modes of recurrence and calculated the recurrence-free probabilities. Patients with stage I disease were divided into low- and high-risk recurrence groups using a risk score calculated by assigning points proportional to risk factor regression coefficients...
May 4, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195650/cell-tube-block-a-new-technique-to-produce-cell-blocks-from-fluid-cytology-samples
#3
Ricardo Marcos, Marta Santos, Carla Marrinhas, Mario Caniatti
BACKGROUND: Cell blocks are widely used in human cytopathology. Several techniques have been proposed to convert fluid specimens into solid material, which after embedding in paraffin can be used for histochemistry, immunohistochemistry, or molecular testing. In contrast, only in the last few years, have cell blocks begun to be used in the veterinary field. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to present the production and features of cell tube blocks (CTB) with veterinary liquid samples...
February 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987590/prognostic-impact-of-pleural-lavage-cytology-in-patients-with-primary-lung-cancer
#4
Kenji Tomizawa, Masaya Nishino, Yuichi Sesumi, Yoshihisa Kobayashi, Katsuaki Sato, Masato Chiba, Masaki Shimoji, Kenichi Suda, Shigeki Shimizu, Takao Sato, Toshiki Takemoto, Tetsuya Mitsudomi
OBJECTIVES: Positive pleural lavage cytology (PLC) has been reported to have a negative prognostic impact in patients with surgically resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, positive PLC does not upgrade the stage according to the 7th edition of TNM classification for lung cancer. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the prognostic impact of positive PLC in patients with NSCLC and to clarify its contribution to TNM classification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven hundred fifty-four patients who underwent surgical resection of NSCLC from January 2007 through December 2013 were retrospectively studied...
December 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476564/-lung-cancer-incidentally-detected-by-a-subcutaneous-nodule-at-the-drainage-site-for-pneumothorax
#5
Jumpei Okamoto, Isao Matsumoto, Daisuke Saito, Shuhei Yoshida, Munehisa Takada, Masaya Tamura, Hirofumi Takemura, Hiroko Ikeda
A 43-year-old male patient underwent thoracic drainage for the treatment of right pneumothorax. After 6 months, the patient visited our department because of a subcutaneous nodule found at the drainage site. Chest computed tomography revealed a mass lesion associated with a cavity in the right upper lobe of the lung and a subcutaneous nodule. Surgical resection was performed and both the pulmonary lesion and subcutaneous nodule were found to be adenocarcinoma. Although immunohistochemical analysis suggested that the pulmonary lesion was primary lung cancer, there were neither intrathoracic exposure of the tumor nor tumor cells in the pleural lavage cytology...
August 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458805/prognostic-value-of-pleural-lavage-cytology-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-resection-an-updated-meta-analysis
#6
Chun-Mei Wang, Zhou-Gui Ling, Yan-Bin Wu, Shuang-Qi Cai, Zhen-Ming Tang, Cong Wu, Yi-Qiang Chen
OBJECTIVE: Pleural lavage cytology (PLC) is considered as a possible tool for assessing prognosis of lung cancer patients. We aimed to comprehensively review the prognosis value of PLC in patients undergoing surgical resection. METHODS: We searched 4 electronic databases for relevant studies comparing positive PLC and negative PLC. The primary outcomes included survival rate and recurrence rate at maximum follow-up. RESULTS: The meta-analysis included 28 studies, with a total of 20,714 patients...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159517/pathology-image-of-the-month-cough-and-shortness-of-breath-in-a-noncompliant-patient-with-hiv-aids
#7
Reggie Thomasson, Tracy Dewenter, Robin R McGoey
A 37- year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) was admitted to the intensive care unit following a four month history of progressive shortness of breath, productive cough, and flu-like symptoms. His HIV/AIDS was diagnosed at the age of 19 (CD4 count =15; viral load = 294,436 copies/ mL) and was complicated by hemodialysis-dependent, HIV-associated nephropathy, prior Pneumocystis pneumonia and known noncompliance with prescribed antiretroviral therapy. Chest film at admission was interpreted as diffuse bilateral interstitial and airspace opacities with a right sided layering density representative of laminar pleural effusion...
July 2015: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138544/pathology-image-of-the-month-cough-and-shortness-of-breath-in-a-noncompliant-patient-with-hiv-aids
#8
Reggie Thomasson Md, Tracy Dewenter Md, Robin R McGoey Md
A 37- year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) was admitted to the intensive care unit following a four month history of progressive shortness of breath, productive cough, and flu-like symptoms. His HIV/AIDS was diagnosed at the age of 19 (CD4 count =15; viral load = 294,436 copies/ mL) and was complicated by hemodialysis-dependent, HIV-associated nephropathy, prior Pneumocystis pneumonia and known noncompliance with prescribed antiretroviral therapy. Chest film at admission was interpreted as diffuse bilateral interstitial and airspace opacities with a right sided layering density representative of laminar pleural effusion...
July 2015: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27055072/malignant-pleural-effusions-because-of-lung-cancer
#9
José M Porcel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The discovery of a pleural effusion in the setting of lung cancer has diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic challenges, some of which are addressed in this review. RECENT FINDINGS: Around 20% of patients with lung cancer have minimal pleural effusions, which are not amenable to a diagnostic thoracentesis. These patients have a poorer overall survival (∼7.5 months) than those without effusions (∼12-18 months), although slightly better than those with proven malignant fluids (∼5...
July 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038519/uvaol-attenuates-pleuritis-and-eosinophilic-inflammation-in-ovalbumin-induced-allergy-in-mice
#10
Lais Costa Agra, Marvin Paulo Lins, Patrícia da Silva Marques, Salete Smaniotto, Christianne Bandeira de Melo, Vincent Lagente, Emiliano Barreto
Uvaol, a triterpene present in olives and virgin olive oil, has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory properties and antioxidant effects. However, until now, no studies have demonstrated its potential effects on allergic inflammation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of uvaol in a mouse model of allergy characterized by eosinophil-dominant inflammation in actively sensitized mice. The anti-inflammatory effect of uvaol was analyzed in two murine models of allergic inflammation (pleurisy and asthma)...
June 5, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012585/the-impact-of-pleural-lavage-cytology-both-before%C3%A2-and-after-lung-resection-on-recurrence-of%C3%A2-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Fumihiro Shoji, Koji Yamazaki, Hidenori Kouso, Ryo Mori, Sadanori Takeo
BACKGROUND: Pleural lavage cytology (PLC) involves cytologic examination during surgery for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The timing regarding the performance of PLC is potentially important; however, a consensus remains to be established. We sought to retrospectively analyze the impact of PLC both before (pre-PLC) and after (post-PLC) lung resection on recurrence in NSCLC. METHODS: From July 1994 to December 2011, 700 consecutive patients with surgically resected NSCLC were selected...
June 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26992116/role-of-epstein-barr-virus-status-and-immunophenotypic-studies-in-the-evaluation-of-exfoliative-cytology-specimens-from-patients-with-post-transplant-lymphoproliferative-disorders
#12
Sarah E Gibson, Jennifer Picarsic, Steven H Swerdlow, Liron Pantanowitz
BACKGROUND: Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are well characterized in tissue sections, but their evaluation in exfoliative cytology specimens is limited. This study reports a 25-year experience with PTLDs in exfoliative cytology specimens. METHODS: All solid organ or allogeneic stem cell transplant recipients with PTLDs and exfoliative cytology specimens from 1987 to 2011 were identified. The cytomorphology, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status, flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, and molecular studies were reviewed from all exfoliative cytology specimens previously diagnosed as atypical lymphoid proliferations or PTLDs...
June 2016: Cancer Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26623132/potentially-disseminated-solitary-fibrous-tumor-of-the-pleura-a-case-report
#13
Tomoyuki Nakano, Shunsuke Endo, Hiroyoshi Tsubochi, Kenji Tetsuka, Mitsuhiro Nokubi
We report a case involving a female patient with frequent relapse, pleural dissemination, and port site recurrence (PSR) of a pleural solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). At the age of 55 years, she underwent tumor resection via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). The tumor arose from the mediastinal pleura; it was 7 cm in diameter and well demarcated. Histological examination showed neither hemorrhage nor necrosis, but moderate cellularity was present, and the Ki-67 labeling index was 15%. Despite complete resection, the tumor relapsed in the ipsilateral thoracic cavity 3 years postoperatively, and thoracoscopic complete tumor resection was performed; however, pleural lavage cytology (PLC) showed the presence of tumor cells...
October 2015: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26106120/ecomment-when-and-why-is-it-reasonable-to-perform-a-pleural-lavage-cytology-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients
#14
COMMENT
Filippo Lococo, Cristian Rapicetta, Alfredo Cesario, Massimiliano Paci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25972246/pulmonary-cowpox-in-cats-five-cases
#15
Jennie McInerney, Kostas Papasouliotis, Kerry Simpson, Kate English, Simon Cook, Elspeth Milne, Danièlle A Gunn-Moore
CASE SERIES SUMMARY: This case series documents five cases of pneumonia (with pleural effusion in three cases) caused by cowpox virus (CPxV) in domestic cats. Predisposition to pneumonia may have resulted from mixed infections in two cases (feline herpesvirus and Bordetella bronchiseptica in one cat, and Mycoplasma species in the other). RELEVANCE AND NOVEL INFORMATION: As well as diagnostic confirmation by previously described methods of virus isolation from skin lesions, and demonstration of pox virions in skin samples using electron microscopy and inclusion bodies in histological preparations, this is the first report of diagnosis by virus isolation from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid or pleural fluid, and demonstration of inclusion bodies in cytological preparations...
June 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25911680/efficacy-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-lung-adenocarcinoma-patients-with-positive-pleural-lavage-cytology-findings
#16
Hiroyuki Ogawa, Kazuya Uchino, Yugo Tanaka, Nahoko Shimizu, Yusuke Okuda, Kenta Tane, Shunsuke Tauchi, Wataru Nishio, Yoshimasa Maniwa, Masahiro Yoshimura
OBJECTIVES: Positive pleural lavage cytology (PLC) findings are considered to be predictive of a poor prognosis in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated the clinical benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy for lung adenocarcinoma patients with positive PLC findings. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of lung adenocarcinoma patients who underwent tumour resection and had positive PLC findings between January 2000 and December 2009...
July 2015: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25864756/%C3%AE-ig-h3-correlates-with-related-factors-of-peritoneal-metastasis-of-gastric-cancer
#17
LETTER
F Wang, X W Li, W B Lu, J H Jin
βig-h3 is an extracellular matrix protein induced by transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and involved in adhesion between cell and cell, cell and matrix. It has been proved that βig-h3 is highly expressed in human lung cancer and colorectal cancer cells, and thus it is considered to have the same effect on gastric cancer cells. This research applied histochemical staining and RT-PCR to detect the content of βig-h3 in peritoneal mesothelial cells and the content of carcino embryonic antigen (CEA) mRNA in abdominal dropsy or peritoneal washing liquid, in order to explore the relationship between the factors of peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer and βig-h3...
January 2015: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25762707/prognosis-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-with-positive-pleural-lavage-cytology
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Masayuki Nakao, Rira Hoshi, Yuichi Ishikawa, Yosuke Matsuura, Hirofumi Uehara, Mingyon Mun, Ken Nakagawa, Sakae Okumura
OBJECTIVES: Positive pleural lavage cytology (PLC) is considered as a precursor condition of pleural dissemination (PD) or malignant pleural effusion (PE), and one of the poor prognostic factors in surgically resected non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Although PD and PE are classified as M1a, PLC does not contribute to the tumour, node and metastasis (TNM) classification of the Union Internationale Contre le Cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic effect of positive PLC status in surgically resected NSCLC patients compared with PD and/or PE...
June 2015: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25582193/a-clinical-review-of-the-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pyothorax-in-dogs-and-cats
#19
REVIEW
Jenefer R Stillion, Jo-Annie Letendre
OBJECTIVE: To review the current literature in reference to the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of pyothorax in dogs and cats. ETIOLOGY: Pyothorax, also known as thoracic empyema, is characterized by the accumulation of septic purulent fluid within the pleural space. While the actual route of pleural infection often remains unknown, the oral cavity and upper respiratory tract appear to be the most common source of microorganisms causing pyothorax in dogs and cats...
January 2015: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25537549/-analysis-of-3-cases-with-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-associated-hemophagocytic-syndrome-and-review-of-literature
#20
REVIEW
Zhiwei Lu, Jun Yang, Ying Wang, Yanxia He, Daming Bai, Hongling Ma, Yuejie Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical characteristics of Mycoplasma pneumoniae-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (MP-HLH). METHOD: A retrospective investigation of the clinical manifestation, laboratory test, imagelogy, clinical course and outcome of 3 cases with MP-HLH seen between June 2013 and July 2013 in Shenzhen Children's Hospital, and review of relevant literature were conducted. RESULT: Of the 3 cases of MP-HLH, 2 were males, one was female, the ages were 1 year, 3 years and 6 years, respectively...
October 2014: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
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