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Pleural lavage cytology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476564/-lung-cancer-incidentally-detected-by-a-subcutaneous-nodule-at-the-drainage-site-for-pneumothorax
#1
Jumpei Okamoto, Isao Matsumoto, Daisuke Saito, Shuhei Yoshida, Munehisa Takada, Masaya Tamura, Hirofumi Takemura, Hiroko Ikeda
A 43-year-old male patient underwent thoracic drainage for the treatment of right pneumothorax. After 6 months, the patient visited our department because of a subcutaneous nodule found at the drainage site. Chest computed tomography revealed a mass lesion associated with a cavity in the right upper lobe of the lung and a subcutaneous nodule. Surgical resection was performed and both the pulmonary lesion and subcutaneous nodule were found to be adenocarcinoma. Although immunohistochemical analysis suggested that the pulmonary lesion was primary lung cancer, there were neither intrathoracic exposure of the tumor nor tumor cells in the pleural lavage cytology...
August 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458805/prognostic-value-of-pleural-lavage-cytology-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-resection-an-updated-meta-analysis
#2
Chun-Mei Wang, Zhou-Gui Ling, Yan-Bin Wu, Shuang-Qi Cai, Zhen-Ming Tang, Cong Wu, Yi-Qiang Chen
OBJECTIVE: Pleural lavage cytology (PLC) is considered as a possible tool for assessing prognosis of lung cancer patients. We aimed to comprehensively review the prognosis value of PLC in patients undergoing surgical resection. METHODS: We searched 4 electronic databases for relevant studies comparing positive PLC and negative PLC. The primary outcomes included survival rate and recurrence rate at maximum follow-up. RESULTS: The meta-analysis included 28 studies, with a total of 20,714 patients...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159517/pathology-image-of-the-month-cough-and-shortness-of-breath-in-a-noncompliant-patient-with-hiv-aids
#3
Reggie Thomasson, Tracy Dewenter, Robin R McGoey
A 37- year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) was admitted to the intensive care unit following a four month history of progressive shortness of breath, productive cough, and flu-like symptoms. His HIV/AIDS was diagnosed at the age of 19 (CD4 count =15; viral load = 294,436 copies/ mL) and was complicated by hemodialysis-dependent, HIV-associated nephropathy, prior Pneumocystis pneumonia and known noncompliance with prescribed antiretroviral therapy. Chest film at admission was interpreted as diffuse bilateral interstitial and airspace opacities with a right sided layering density representative of laminar pleural effusion...
July 2015: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138544/pathology-image-of-the-month-cough-and-shortness-of-breath-in-a-noncompliant-patient-with-hiv-aids
#4
Reggie Thomasson Md, Tracy Dewenter Md, Robin R McGoey Md
A 37- year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) was admitted to the intensive care unit following a four month history of progressive shortness of breath, productive cough, and flu-like symptoms. His HIV/AIDS was diagnosed at the age of 19 (CD4 count =15; viral load = 294,436 copies/ mL) and was complicated by hemodialysis-dependent, HIV-associated nephropathy, prior Pneumocystis pneumonia and known noncompliance with prescribed antiretroviral therapy. Chest film at admission was interpreted as diffuse bilateral interstitial and airspace opacities with a right sided layering density representative of laminar pleural effusion...
July 2015: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27055072/malignant-pleural-effusions-because-of-lung-cancer
#5
José M Porcel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The discovery of a pleural effusion in the setting of lung cancer has diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic challenges, some of which are addressed in this review. RECENT FINDINGS: Around 20% of patients with lung cancer have minimal pleural effusions, which are not amenable to a diagnostic thoracentesis. These patients have a poorer overall survival (∼7.5 months) than those without effusions (∼12-18 months), although slightly better than those with proven malignant fluids (∼5...
July 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038519/uvaol-attenuates-pleuritis-and-eosinophilic-inflammation-in-ovalbumin-induced-allergy-in-mice
#6
Lais Costa Agra, Marvin Paulo Lins, Patrícia da Silva Marques, Salete Smaniotto, Christianne Bandeira de Melo, Vincent Lagente, Emiliano Barreto
Uvaol, a triterpene present in olives and virgin olive oil, has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory properties and antioxidant effects. However, until now, no studies have demonstrated its potential effects on allergic inflammation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of uvaol in a mouse model of allergy characterized by eosinophil-dominant inflammation in actively sensitized mice. The anti-inflammatory effect of uvaol was analyzed in two murine models of allergic inflammation (pleurisy and asthma)...
June 5, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012585/the-impact-of-pleural-lavage-cytology-both-before%C3%A2-and-after-lung-resection-on-recurrence-of%C3%A2-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#7
Fumihiro Shoji, Koji Yamazaki, Hidenori Kouso, Ryo Mori, Sadanori Takeo
BACKGROUND: Pleural lavage cytology (PLC) involves cytologic examination during surgery for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The timing regarding the performance of PLC is potentially important; however, a consensus remains to be established. We sought to retrospectively analyze the impact of PLC both before (pre-PLC) and after (post-PLC) lung resection on recurrence in NSCLC. METHODS: From July 1994 to December 2011, 700 consecutive patients with surgically resected NSCLC were selected...
June 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26992116/role-of-epstein-barr-virus-status-and-immunophenotypic-studies-in-the-evaluation-of-exfoliative-cytology-specimens-from-patients-with-post-transplant-lymphoproliferative-disorders
#8
Sarah E Gibson, Jennifer Picarsic, Steven H Swerdlow, Liron Pantanowitz
BACKGROUND: Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are well characterized in tissue sections, but their evaluation in exfoliative cytology specimens is limited. This study reports a 25-year experience with PTLDs in exfoliative cytology specimens. METHODS: All solid organ or allogeneic stem cell transplant recipients with PTLDs and exfoliative cytology specimens from 1987 to 2011 were identified. The cytomorphology, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status, flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, and molecular studies were reviewed from all exfoliative cytology specimens previously diagnosed as atypical lymphoid proliferations or PTLDs...
June 2016: Cancer Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26623132/potentially-disseminated-solitary-fibrous-tumor-of-the-pleura-a-case-report
#9
Tomoyuki Nakano, Shunsuke Endo, Hiroyoshi Tsubochi, Kenji Tetsuka, Mitsuhiro Nokubi
We report a case involving a female patient with frequent relapse, pleural dissemination, and port site recurrence (PSR) of a pleural solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). At the age of 55 years, she underwent tumor resection via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). The tumor arose from the mediastinal pleura; it was 7 cm in diameter and well demarcated. Histological examination showed neither hemorrhage nor necrosis, but moderate cellularity was present, and the Ki-67 labeling index was 15%. Despite complete resection, the tumor relapsed in the ipsilateral thoracic cavity 3 years postoperatively, and thoracoscopic complete tumor resection was performed; however, pleural lavage cytology (PLC) showed the presence of tumor cells...
October 2015: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26106120/ecomment-when-and-why-is-it-reasonable-to-perform-a-pleural-lavage-cytology-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients
#10
COMMENT
Filippo Lococo, Cristian Rapicetta, Alfredo Cesario, Massimiliano Paci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25972246/pulmonary-cowpox-in-cats-five-cases
#11
Jennie McInerney, Kostas Papasouliotis, Kerry Simpson, Kate English, Simon Cook, Elspeth Milne, Danièlle A Gunn-Moore
CASE SERIES SUMMARY: This case series documents five cases of pneumonia (with pleural effusion in three cases) caused by cowpox virus (CPxV) in domestic cats. Predisposition to pneumonia may have resulted from mixed infections in two cases (feline herpesvirus and Bordetella bronchiseptica in one cat, and Mycoplasma species in the other). RELEVANCE AND NOVEL INFORMATION: As well as diagnostic confirmation by previously described methods of virus isolation from skin lesions, and demonstration of pox virions in skin samples using electron microscopy and inclusion bodies in histological preparations, this is the first report of diagnosis by virus isolation from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid or pleural fluid, and demonstration of inclusion bodies in cytological preparations...
June 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25911680/efficacy-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-lung-adenocarcinoma-patients-with-positive-pleural-lavage-cytology-findings
#12
Hiroyuki Ogawa, Kazuya Uchino, Yugo Tanaka, Nahoko Shimizu, Yusuke Okuda, Kenta Tane, Shunsuke Tauchi, Wataru Nishio, Yoshimasa Maniwa, Masahiro Yoshimura
OBJECTIVES: Positive pleural lavage cytology (PLC) findings are considered to be predictive of a poor prognosis in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated the clinical benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy for lung adenocarcinoma patients with positive PLC findings. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of lung adenocarcinoma patients who underwent tumour resection and had positive PLC findings between January 2000 and December 2009...
July 2015: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25864756/%C3%AE-ig-h3-correlates-with-related-factors-of-peritoneal-metastasis-of-gastric-cancer
#13
LETTER
F Wang, X W Li, W B Lu, J H Jin
βig-h3 is an extracellular matrix protein induced by transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and involved in adhesion between cell and cell, cell and matrix. It has been proved that βig-h3 is highly expressed in human lung cancer and colorectal cancer cells, and thus it is considered to have the same effect on gastric cancer cells. This research applied histochemical staining and RT-PCR to detect the content of βig-h3 in peritoneal mesothelial cells and the content of carcino embryonic antigen (CEA) mRNA in abdominal dropsy or peritoneal washing liquid, in order to explore the relationship between the factors of peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer and βig-h3...
January 2015: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25762707/prognosis-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-with-positive-pleural-lavage-cytology
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Masayuki Nakao, Rira Hoshi, Yuichi Ishikawa, Yosuke Matsuura, Hirofumi Uehara, Mingyon Mun, Ken Nakagawa, Sakae Okumura
OBJECTIVES: Positive pleural lavage cytology (PLC) is considered as a precursor condition of pleural dissemination (PD) or malignant pleural effusion (PE), and one of the poor prognostic factors in surgically resected non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Although PD and PE are classified as M1a, PLC does not contribute to the tumour, node and metastasis (TNM) classification of the Union Internationale Contre le Cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic effect of positive PLC status in surgically resected NSCLC patients compared with PD and/or PE...
June 2015: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25582193/a-clinical-review-of-the-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pyothorax-in-dogs-and-cats
#15
REVIEW
Jenefer R Stillion, Jo-Annie Letendre
OBJECTIVE: To review the current literature in reference to the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of pyothorax in dogs and cats. ETIOLOGY: Pyothorax, also known as thoracic empyema, is characterized by the accumulation of septic purulent fluid within the pleural space. While the actual route of pleural infection often remains unknown, the oral cavity and upper respiratory tract appear to be the most common source of microorganisms causing pyothorax in dogs and cats...
January 2015: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25537549/-analysis-of-3-cases-with-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-associated-hemophagocytic-syndrome-and-review-of-literature
#16
REVIEW
Zhiwei Lu, Jun Yang, Ying Wang, Yanxia He, Daming Bai, Hongling Ma, Yuejie Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical characteristics of Mycoplasma pneumoniae-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (MP-HLH). METHOD: A retrospective investigation of the clinical manifestation, laboratory test, imagelogy, clinical course and outcome of 3 cases with MP-HLH seen between June 2013 and July 2013 in Shenzhen Children's Hospital, and review of relevant literature were conducted. RESULT: Of the 3 cases of MP-HLH, 2 were males, one was female, the ages were 1 year, 3 years and 6 years, respectively...
October 2014: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25469303/pleural-lavage-cytology-as-an-independent-prognostic-factor-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-with-stage-i-disease-and-adenocarcinoma
#17
Daisuke Hokka, Kazuya Uchino, Kenta Tane, Hiroyuki Ogawa, Sinya Tane, Yugo Tanaka, Shunsuke Tauchi, Wataru Nishio, Masahiro Yoshimura, Yoshimasa Maniwa
We previously reported that cancer cells may be detected through pleural lavage cytology (PLC). In this study, we sought to re-examine the prognostic significance of the PLC status based on an extended dataset with an additional follow-up period. Pleural lavage following thoracotomy was cytologically examined in 1,317 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with NSCLC between 1987 and 2004 at the Thoracic Surgery Units of Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine and Hyogo Cancer Center. Among the investigated patients, 46 exhibited positive cytological findings...
January 2015: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25451501/intraoperative-pleural-lavage-cytology-more-evidence-on-its-prognostic-and-staging-values
#18
EDITORIAL
Diego Gonzalez-Rivas, Ramón Rami-Porta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2014: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25427721/the-implementation-of-liquid-based-cytology-for-lung-and-pleural-based-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Claire W Michael, Carlos C W M Bedrossian
OBJECTIVE: First introduced for the processing of cervico-vaginal samples, liquid-based cytology (LBC) soon found application in nongynecological specimens, including bronchoscopic brushings, washings and transcutaneous and transbronchial aspiration biopsy of the lung as well as pleural effusions. This article reviews the existing literature related to these specimens along with the authors' own experience. STUDY DESIGN: A literature review was conducted through Ovid MEDLINE and PubMed search engines using several key words...
2014: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25334730/embolic-stroke-as-a-result-of-an-intracardiac-metastatic-lung-cancer
#20
Narjust Perez-Florez, Yulanka Castro, Sean Sadikot
SESSION TITLE: Cancer Student/Resident Case Report Posters IIISESSION TYPE: Medical Student/Resident Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Metastatic cardiac tumors are relatively uncommon, and are generally seen with highly disseminated disease. We present a case of a patient with an embolic stroke secondary to a metastatic left ventricular (LV) mass from an undiagnosed adenocarcinoma of the lung. CASE PRESENTATION: A 69 year old female with no significant past medical history presented with acute onset right hemiparesis and slurring of speech...
October 1, 2014: Chest
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